Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
380- Edict of Thessalonica -Emperor Theodosius I, with co-emperors Gratian and Valentinian II, declare their wish that all Roman citizenship|Roman citizens convert to trinitarian Christianity.
425-The University of Constantinople -is founded by Emperor Theodosius II at the urging of his wife Aelia Eudocia.
907-Abaoji, a Khitan people|Khitan -chieftain, is enthroned as Emperor Taizu of Liao|Emperor Taizu, establishing the Liao Dynasty in northern China.
1560-The Treaty of Berwick (1560)|Treaty of Berwick -which would expel the France|French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Lords of the Congregation of Scotland.
1594- Henry IV of France|Henry IV -is crowned Monarch|King of France.
1617- Sweden -and Russia sign the Treaty of Stolbovo, ending the Ingrian War and shutting Russia out of the Baltic Sea.
1626- Yuan Chonghuan -is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci.
1700-The island of New Britain -is discovered.
1776- American Revolutionary War -The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina breaks up a Loyalist (American Revolution)|Loyalist militia.
1782-American Revolutionary War: The House of Commons of Great Britain -votes against further war in America.
1801-Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 -Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the Congress of the United States|U.S. Congress.
1812- Argentine War of Independence -Manuel Belgrano raises the Flag of Argentina in the city of Rosario for the first time.
1812-Poet George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron|Lord Byron -gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.
1829- Battle of Tarqui -is fought.
1844-The Dominican Republic -gains independence from Haiti.
1860- Abraham Lincoln -makes a Cooper_Union_Address|speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York City|New York that is largely responsible for his election to the President of the United States|Presidency.
1861- Russian Empire|Russian -troops fire on a crowd in Warsaw protesting against Russian rule over Poland, killing five protesters.
1864- American Civil War -The first Union (American Civil War)|Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate States of America|Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.
1870-The current flag of Japan -is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships.
1881- First Boer War -The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place.
1898-King George I of Greece -survives an assassination attempt.
1900- Second Boer War -In South Africa, United Kingdom|British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje at the Battle of Paardeberg.
1900-The Labour Party (UK)|British Labour Party -is founded.
1900- FC Bayern Munich|Fußball-Club Bayern München -is founded.
1902- Second Boer War -Australian soldiers Breaker Morant|Harry 'Breaker' Morant and Peter Handcock are executed in Pretoria for Court martial of Breaker Morant|war crimes.
1921-The International Working Union of Socialist Parties -is founded in Vienna.
1922-A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution -allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in ''Leser v. Garnett''.
1933- Reichstag fire -Weimar Republic|Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag (building)|Reichstag, is set on fire, apparently by the Communists.
1939- United States labor law -The Supreme Court of the United States|U.S. Supreme Court rules that Sitdown strike|sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal.
1940- Martin Kamen -and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14.
1942- World War II -During the Battle of the Java Sea, an American-British-Dutch-Australian Command|Allied strike force is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea in the Dutch East Indies.
1943-The Smith Mine disaster|Smith Mine #3 -in Bearcreek, Montana|Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men.
1943-The Rosenstrasse protest -starts in Berlin.
1951-The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution -limiting President of the United States|Presidents to two terms, is ratified.
1955- Soviet Union regional elections, 1955 -
1961-The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation -is inaugurated.
1962-Two dissident Vietnam Air Force -pilots 1962 South Vietnamese Independence Palace bombing|bomb the Independence Palace in Saigon in a failed attempt to assassinate South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem.
1963-The Dominican Republic -receives its first democratically elected president, Juan Bosch, since the end of the dictatorship led by Rafael Trujillo.
1964-The Government of Italy -asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
1971-Doctors in the first Netherlands|Dutch -abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform ''abortus provocatus|aborti provocati''.
1973-The American Indian Movement -(AIM) Wounded Knee incident|occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
1976-The formerly Spain|Spanish -territory of Western Sahara, under the auspices of the Polisario Front declares independence as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
1986-The United States Senate -allows its debates to be television|televised on a trial basis.
1988- Sumgait pogrom -The Armenians|Armenian community of Sumgait in Azerbaijan is targeted in a violent massacre.
1989- Venezuela -is rocked by the Caracazo riots.
1991- Gulf War -President of the United States|U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated".
1995- Zakho -A terrorist explosion in a market in the city of Zakho leaves about 100 dead and 150 wounded.
2002- Ryanair Flight 296 -catches fire at London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair's handling of the evacuation.
2002- Godhra train burning -A Muslim mob torches a train returning from Ayodhya, killing 59 Hinduism|Hindu prigrims.
2004-A bombing of a Superferry 14|Superferry -by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines' worst terrorist attack kills 116.
2004-The initial version of the John Jay Report -with details about the Catholic sexual abuse scandal in the United States, is released.
2007- The Chinese Correction -The Shanghai Stock Exchange falls 9%, the largest drop in ten years.
2010-An 2010 Chile earthquake|earthquake -measuring 8.8 on the Richter scale strikes central parts of Chile leaving over 500 victims, and thousands injured. The quake triggered a tsunami which struck Hawaii shortly after.
2012-A section of a nine-story apartment building in the city of Astrakhan -Russia, collapses in a 2012 Astrakhan gas explosion|natural gas explosion, killing 10 people and injuring at least 12 others.
2013-At least 19 people are killed when a 2013 Kolkata market fire|fire breaks out -at an illegal market in Kolkata, India.
2013-5 people (including the perpetrator) are killed and 5 others injured in a 2013 Menznau shooting|shooting -at a factory in Menznau, Switzerland.