This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: April-16

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

1457 BC-Likely date of the Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC)|Battle of Megiddo -between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh, the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail.

73- Masada -a Judaism|Jewish fortress, falls to the Roman Empire|Romans after several months of siege, ending the First Jewish–Roman War|Great Jewish Revolt.

1346- Dušan the Mighty -is proclaimed Emperor, with the Serbian Empire occupying much of the Balkans.

1520-The Revolt of the Comuneros -begins in Spain against the rule of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|Charles V.

1521- Protestant Reformation -Martin Luther's first appearance before the Diet of Worms to be examined by the Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the other estates of the empire.

1582- Spain|Spanish -conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.

1746-The Battle of Culloden -is fought between the French-supported Jacobitism|Jacobites and the British House of Hanover|Hanoverian forces commanded by Prince William, Duke of Cumberland|William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in Scotland. After the battle many highland traditions were banned and the Highlands of Scotland were cleared of inhabitants.

1780-The University of Münster -in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.

1799- Napoleonic Wars -The Battle of Mount Tabor

1818-The United States Senate -ratifies the Rush-Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada.

1847-The accidental shooting of a Māori people|Māori -by an England|English sailor results in the opening of the Wanganui Campaign of the New Zealand land wars.

1853-The first passenger rail opens in India -from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.

1858-The Wernerian Natural History Society -a former Scotland|Scottish learned society, is wound up.

1862- American Civil War -Battle at Lee's Mills in Virginia.

1862-American Civil War: The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act -a bill ending slavery in the United States|slavery in the District of Columbia, becomes law.

1881-In Dodge City, Kansas -Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.

1908- Natural Bridges National Monument -is established in Utah.

1910-The oldest existing indoor ice hockey -arena still used for the sport in the 21st century, Matthews Arena|Boston Arena, opens for the first time.

1912- Harriet Quimby -becomes the first woman to fly an Aircraft|airplane across the English Channel.

1917- Vladimir Lenin -returns to Saint Petersburg|Petrograd, Russian Provisional Government|Russia from exile in Switzerland.

1919- Mahatma Gandhi|Mohandas Gandhi -organizes a day of "prayer and fasting" in response to the killing of Indian protesters in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre by the United Kingdom|British colonial troops three days earlier.

1919- Polish–Soviet War -The Polish Land Forces|Polish army launches the Vilna offensive to capture Vilnius in modern Lithuania.

1922-The Treaty of Rapallo, 1922|Treaty of Rapallo -pursuant to which Weimar Republic|Germany and the Soviet Union re-establish diplomatic relations, is signed.

1925-During the Communist -St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, Kingdom of Bulgaria|Bulgaria, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.

1941- World War II -The Italian convoy ''Duisburg'', directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by United Kingdom|British ships.

1941-World War II: The Ustaše -a Croatian far-right organization is put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers after the Axis Invasion of Yugoslavia|Operation 25 invasion.

1941- Bob Feller -of the Cleveland Indians throws the only Opening Day no-hitter in the history of Major League Baseball, beating the Chicago White Sox 1–0.

1944-World War II: Allied forces start bombing Belgrade -killing about 1,100 people. This bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter.

1945-World War II: The Red Army -begins the Battle of Berlin|final assault on Nazi Germany|German forces around Berlin, with nearly one million troops fighting in the Battle of the Seelow Heights.

1945-The United States Army -liberates Nazi ''Sonderlager'' (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz Castle|Colditz).

1945-More than 7,000 die when the German refugee ship '' Goya (ship)|Goya -' is sunk by a Soviet submarine.

1947- Texas City Disaster -An explosion on board a freighter in port causes the city of Texas City, Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600.

1947- Bernard Baruch -coins the term "Cold War" to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.

1953- Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom|Queen Elizabeth II -launches the Royal Yacht {{Ship|HMY|Britannia}}.

1962- Walter Cronkite -takes over as the lead news anchor of the ''CBS Evening News'', during which time he would become "the most trusted man in America".

1963- Martin Luther King, Jr.|Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -pens his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation.

1972- Apollo program -The launch of Apollo 16 from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

1990-The "Doctor of Death", Jack Kevorkian -participates in his first assisted suicide.

1992-The '' Katina P -' runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique and 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.

2001- India -and Bangladesh begin a 2001 Indian–Bangladeshi border conflict|five-day border conflict, but are unable to resolve the disputes about India–Bangladesh border|their border.

2003-The Treaty of Accession 2003|Treaty of Accession -is signed in Athens admitting ten new member states to the European Union.

2007- Virginia Tech massacre -Seung-Hui Cho guns down 32 people and injures 17 before committing suicide.

2012-The Trial of Anders Behring Breivik|trial -for Anders Behring Breivik, the perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks, begins in Oslo, Norway.

2012-The 2012 Pulitzer Prize|Pulitzer Prize -winners were announced, it was the first time 1977 Pulitzer Prize|since 1977 that no book won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction|Fiction Prize.

2013-A 7.8- Moment magnitude scale|magnitude -2013 Sistan and Baluchestan earthquake|earthquake strikes Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran, killing at least 35 people and injuring 117 others.

2014-A ferry carrying more than 450 people Sinking of the MV Sewol|capsizes -near Jindo (island)|Jindo Island off South Korea, leaving at least 284 dead and 20 more missing.