Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
844- Battle of Clavijo -The Apostle James, son of Zebedee|Saint James the Greater is said to have miraculously appeared to a force of outnumbered Kingdom of Asturias|Asturians and aided them against the forces of the Emirate of Córdoba|Emir of Cordoba.
1430- Siege of Compiègne -Joan of Arc is captured by the Duchy of Burgundy|Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne.
1498- Girolamo Savonarola -is burned at the stake in Florence, Italy.
1533-The marriage of List of English monarchs#House of Tudor|King -Henry VIII of England|Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.
1568-The Netherlands -declare their independence from Spain.
1568-Dutch rebels led by Louis of Nassau -defeat Jean de Ligne, Duke of Arenberg, and his loyalist troops in the Battle of Heiligerlee (1568)|Battle of Heiligerlee, opening the Eighty Years' War.
1609-Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia -takes place.
1618-The Defenestrations of Prague|Second Defenestration of Prague -precipitates the Thirty Years' War.
1701-After being convicted of piracy -and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London, England.
1706- Battle of Ramillies -John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, defeats a France|French army under Marshal of France|Marshal François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi.
1788- South Carolina -ratifies the United States Constitution as the 8th United States|American state.
1793- Battle of Famars -during the Flanders Campaign of the War of the First Coalition.
1829- Accordion -patent granted to Cyrill Demian in Vienna, Austrian Empire.
1844-Declaration of the Báb -a merchant of Shiraz announces that he is a Prophet and founds a religious movement that would later be brutally crushed by the Persian government. He is considered to be a forerunner of the Bahá'í Faith, and Bahá'ís celebrate the day as a holy day.
1846- Mexican–American War -President Mariano Paredes of Mexico unofficially declares war on the United States.
1873-The Canada|Canadian -Parliament establishes the North-West Mounted Police, the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
1900- American Civil War -Sergeant William Harvey Carney is awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism in the Assault on the Battery Wagner in 1863.
1907-The Unicameralism|unicameral -Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
1911-The New York Public Library -is dedicated.
1915- World War I -Italy joins the Allies of World War I|Allies after they declare war on Austria-Hungary.
1932-In Brazil -four students are shot and killed during a manifestation against the Brazilian dictator Getúlio Vargas, which occurred in the city of São Paulo. Their names and surnames were used to form the MMDC, a revolutionary group that would act against the dictatorial government, especially in the Constitutionalist Revolution ("Revolução Constitucionalista", in Portuguese language|Portuguese), the major uprising in Brazil during the 20th century.
1934-The American Bank robbery|bank robbers -Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed by police and killed in Black Lake, Louisiana.
1934-The Auto-Lite strike -culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
1939-The United States Navy|U.S. Navy -submarine USS Sailfish (SS-192)|USS ''Squalus'' sinks off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, causing the death of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians. The remaining 32 sailors and one civilian naval architect are rescued the following day.
1945- World War II -Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Schutzstaffel, commits suicide while in Allies of World War II|Allied custody.
1945-World War II: The Flensburg Government -under President of Germany (1919–1945)|Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz is dissolved when its members are captured and arrested by United Kingdom|British forces at Flensburg in Northern Germany.
1948- Thomas C. Wasson -the US Consul-General, is assassinated in Jerusalem, Israel.
1949-The West Germany|Federal Republic of Germany -is established and the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany is proclaimed.
1951- Tibet -ns sign the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with China.
1958-The satellite '' Explorer 1 -' ceases transmission.
1967- Egypt -closes the Straits of Tiran and blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping.
1992-Italy's most prominent anti-mafia judge Giovanni Falcone -his wife and three body guards are killed by the Corleonesi clan with a half-ton bomb near Capaci, Sicily. His friend and colleague Paolo Borsellino will be assassinated less than 2 months later, making 1992 a turning point in the history of Sicilian Mafia|Italian Mafia prosecutions.
1995-The first version of the Java (programming language)|Java programming language -is released.
1998-The Good Friday Agreement -is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
2002-The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto Protocol -is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
2004-Part of Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport -s Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
2006- Alaska -stratovolcano Mount Cleveland (Alaska)|Mount Cleveland erupts.
2008-The International Court of Justice -(ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca, Singapore|Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year Pedra Branca dispute|territorial dispute between the two countries.
2009-Former President of South Korea|South Korean president -Roh Moo-hyun commits suicide, jumping from a 45 meter cliff in Bongha, Gimhae, South Korea.
2010- Jamaica -police begin a manhunt for drug lord Christopher Coke, after the United States requested his extradition, leading to 2010 Kingston unrest|three days of violence during which at least 73 bystanders are killed.
2012- Adam Lambert -became the first openly gay artist to debut at #1 on the Billboard 200|''Billboard'' 200 Album Charts, with his album ''Trespassing (album)|Trespassing''.
2013-The Interstate 5 -bridge over the Skagit River I-5 Skagit River Bridge collapse|collapses in Mount Vernon, Washington.
2014-Seven people, including the perpetrator, are killed and another 13 injured in 2014 Isla Vista killings|a killing spree -near the campus of University of California, Santa Barbara.