Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
47 BC- Julius Caesar -visits Tarsus, Mersin|Tarsus on his way to Pontus, where he meets enthusiastic support, but where, according to Cicero, Gaius Cassius Longinus|Cassius is planning to kill him at this point.
17- Germanicus -returns to Ancient Rome|Rome as a conquering hero; he celebrates a Roman triumph|triumph for his victories over the Cherusci, Chatti and other Germanic peoples|German tribes west of the Elbe.
451- Battle of Avarayr -between Armenians|Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Empire defeats the Armenians militarily but guarantees them freedom to openly practice Christianity.
946-King Edmund I -of England is murdered by a thief whom he personally attacks while celebrating Augustine of Canterbury|St Augustine's Mass Day.
1135- Alfonso VII of León and Castile -is crowned in León Cathedral as ''Imperator totius Hispaniae'', "Emperor of all of Spain".
1293-An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Kanagawa -Japan, killing about 30,000.
1328- William of Ockham -the Franciscans|Franciscan Minister-General Michael of Cesena and two other Franciscan leaders secretly leave Avignon, fearing a death sentence from Pope John XXII.
1538- Geneva -expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.
1573-The Battle of Haarlemmermeer -a naval engagement in the Dutch War of Independence.
1637- Pequot War -A combined Protestant and Mohegan force under the English Captain John Mason (c.1600–1672)|John Mason attacks a Pequot village in Connecticut, Mystic massacre|massacring approximately 500 Native Americans in the United States|Native Americans.
1644- Portuguese Restoration War -Portuguese and Spanish forces both claim victory in the Battle of Montijo.
1647- Alse Young -hanged in Hartford, Connecticut, becomes the first person executed as a Witchcraft|witch in the British American colonies.
1736- Battle of Ackia -British and Chickasaw soldiers repel a French colonization of the Americas|French and Choctaw attack on the Chickasaw village of Ackia, near present-day Tupelo, Mississippi|Tupelo, Mississippi. The French, under the governor of Louisiana, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville|Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, had sought to link Louisiana with Acadia and the other northern colonies of New France.
1770-The Orlov Revolt -an attempt to revolt against the Ottoman Empire before the Greek War of Independence, ends in disaster for the Greeks.
1783- A Great Jubilee Day -held at Trumbull, Connecticut|North Stratford, Connecticut, celebrated end of fighting in American Revolution.
1805- Napoleon|Napoléon Bonaparte -assumes the title of King of Italy and is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in Milan Cathedral, the Gothic architecture|gothic cathedral in Milan.
1821-Establishment of the Peloponnesian Senate -by the Greek War of Independence|Greek rebels.
1822-116 people die in the Grue Church fire -the biggest fire disaster in Norway's history.
1828- Feral child -Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg.
1830-The Indian Removal Act -is passed by the Congress of the United States|U.S. Congress; it is signed into law by President of the United States|President Andrew Jackson two days later.
1857- Dred Scott -is emancipated by the Blow family, his original owners.
1864- Montana -is organized as a Political divisions of the United States|United States territory.
1865- American Civil War -the Confederate States of America|Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi division, is the last full general of the Confederate Army to surrender, at Galveston, Texas.
1869- Boston University -is chartered by the Massachusetts|Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
1879- Russian Empire|Russia -and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state.
1896- Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas II -becomes the last Tsar of Russian Empire|Imperial Russia.
1896- Charles Dow -publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
1897-'' Dracula -', a novel by the Irish author Bram Stoker, is published.
1900- Thousand Days' War -The Colombian Conservative Party turns the tide of war in their favor with victory against the Colombian Liberal Party in the Battle of Palonegro.
1906- Vauxhall Bridge -is opened in London.
1908-At Masjed Soleyman -(مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company.
1917-Several powerful tornadoes rip through Illinois, including the city of Mattoon, Illinois|Mattoon -killing 101 people and injuring 689.
1918-The Democratic Republic of Georgia -is established.
1923- 24 Hours of Le Mans -was first held, and has since been run annually in June.
1936-In the House of Commons of Northern Ireland -Tommy Henderson begins speaking on the Appropriation bill|Appropriation Bill. By the time he sits down in the early hours of the following morning, he had spoken for 10 hours.
1938-In the United States, the House Un-American Activities Committee -begins its first session.
1940- World War II -Operation Dynamo
1940- World War II -The Siege of Calais (1940)|Siege of Calais ends with the surrender of the British and French garrison.
1942-World War II: The Battle of Gazala -takes place.
1948-The U.S. Congress passes Public Law 80-557 -which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the United States Air Force.
1966- British Guiana -gains independence, becoming Guyana.
1969- Apollo program -Apollo 10 returns to Earth after a successful eight-day test of all the components needed for the forthcoming first manned moon landing.
1970-The Soviet Union|Soviet -Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed speed of sound|Mach 2.
1971- Bangladesh Liberation War -The Pakistan Army Burunga massacre|slaughters at least 71 Hindus in Burunga, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
1972- Willandra National Park -is established in Australia.
1972-The United States and the Soviet Union sign the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty -
1977- George Willig -climbs the South Tower of New York City's World Trade Center.
1981- Prime Minister of Italy|Italian Prime Minister -Arnaldo Forlani and his coalition cabinet resign following a scandal over membership of the Freemasonry|pseudo-masonic lodge Propaganda Due|P2 ''(Propaganda Due)''.
1981-An Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler|EA-6B Prowler -crashes on the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN-68)|USS ''Nimitz'' (CVN-68), killing 14 crewmen and injuring 45 others.
1983-A strong 7.7 magnitude earthquake strikes Japan, triggering a tsunami -that kills at least 104 people and injures thousands. Many people go missing and thousands of buildings are destroyed.
1986-The European Community -adopts the European flag.
1991- Zviad Gamsakhurdia -becomes the first elected President of Georgia|President of the Georgia (country)|Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.
1991- Lauda Air Flight 004 -a Boeing 767, crashes in an area of western Thailand after a thrust reverser malfunction. All 223 people aboard are killed.
1992-The blockade of Dubrovnik -is broken. Following this, the siege of Dubrovnik ends in the next months.
1998-The Supreme Court of the United States -rules that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York.
1998-The first " Stolen Generation|National Sorry Day -was held in Australia, and reconciliation events were held nationally, and attended by over a million people.
2002-The tugboat ''Robert Y. Love'' I-40 bridge disaster|collides -with a support pier of Interstate 40 on the Arkansas River near Webbers Falls, Oklahoma, resulting in 14 deaths and 11 others injured.
2004- United States Army -veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.
2008- 2008 South China floods|Severe flooding -begins in eastern and southern China that will ultimately cause 148 deaths and force the evacuation of 1.3 million.