This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

503 BC-According to the '' Fasti Triumphales -', Roman consul Agrippa Menenius Lanatus celebrated a Roman triumph|triumph for a military victory over the Sabines.

1147-First historical record of Moscow -

1287-King Wareru -founds Hanthawaddy Kingdom|Kingdom of Ramannadesa, and proclaims independence from Pagan Empire.

1581- Francis Drake -is knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world.

1660- Declaration of Breda -by King Charles II of England.

1721-Sir Robert Walpole -takes office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under George I of Great Britain|King George I.

1768-In London -Philip Astley stages the first modern circus.

1796- Georges Cuvier -delivers his first Paleontology|paleontological lecture at École Centrale du Pantheon of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle on living and fossil remains of elephants and related species, founding the science of Paleontology.

1812- President of the United States|U.S. President -James Madison enacts a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom.

1814- Napoleon I of France|Napoleon -abdicates for the first time and names his son Napoleon II as Emperor of the French.

1818-The United States Congress -adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (then 20).

1841- William Henry Harrison -dies of pneumonia becoming the first President of the United States to die in office and with the shortest term served.

1850-The Great Fire of Cottenham -a large part of the Cambridgeshire village (England) is burnt to the ground in suspicious circumstances.

1850- Los Angeles -California, is incorporated as a city.

1859- Bryant's Minstrels -debut "Dixie (song)|Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.

1865- American Civil War -A day after United States|Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln visits the Confederate States of America|Confederate capital.

1866- Alexander II of Russia -narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Dmitry Karakozov in the city of Saint Petersburg.

1873- The Kennel Club -is founded, the oldest and first official registry of purebred dogs in the world.

1887- Argonia, Kansas -elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.

1905-In India -1905 Kangra earthquake|an earthquake hits the Kangra Valley, killing 20,000, and destroying most buildings in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh|Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh|Dharamshala.

1913- First Balkan War -Greek aviator Emmanouil Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot to die in the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.

1930-The Communist Party of Panama -is founded.

1933-U.S. Navy airship -{{USS|Akron|ZRS-4|6}}, is wrecked off the New Jersey coast due to severe weather.

1939- Faisal II of Iraq|Faisal II -becomes King of Iraq.

1944- World War II -Bombing of Bucharest in World War II|First bombardment of oil refineries in Bucharest by Anglo-American forces kills 3000 civilians.

1945-World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp -in Germany.

1945-World War II: American troops Battle of Kassel (1945)|capture Kassel -

1949-Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty -creating the NATO|North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

1958-The CND -peace symbol is displayed in public for the first time in London.

1960- France -agrees to grant independence to the Mali Federation, a union of Senegal and French Sudan.

1964- The Beatles -occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100|''Billboard'' Hot 100 pop chart.

1965-The first model of the new Saab Viggen -fighter aircraft is unveiled.

1967- Martin Luther King, Jr. -delivers his "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence" speech in New York City's Riverside Church.

1968-Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray -at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

1968- Apollo program -NASA launches Apollo 6.

1968- AEK Athens BC -becomes the first Greek team to win the European Basketball Cup.

1969-Dr. Denton Cooley -implants the first temporary artificial heart.

1973-The World Trade Center -in New York City|New York is officially dedicated.

1973-A Lockheed C-141 Starlifter -dubbed the ''Hanoi Taxi'', makes the last flight of Operation Homecoming.

1975- Microsoft -is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico

1975- Vietnam War -Operation Baby Lift

1976-Prince Norodom Sihanouk -resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest.

1979-Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto -of Pakistan is executed.

1981-The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force -mounts an Attack on H3|attack on H-3 Airbase and destroys about 50 Iraqi aircraft.

1983-Space Shuttle '' Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger -' STS-6|makes its maiden voyage into space.

1984-President Ronald Reagan -calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.

1988- List of Governors of Arizona|Governor -Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.

1991-Senator John Heinz -of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their airplane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.

1991-The current flag of Hong Kong -is adopted for post-colonial Hong Kong during the Third Session of the Seventh National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China|National People's Congress.

1994- Marc Andreessen -and James H. Clark|Jim Clark found Netscape Communications Corporation under the name "Mosaic Communications Corporation".

1996- Comet Hyakutake -is imaged by the USA Asteroid Orbiter Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous.

2002-The Angola -government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.

2007-Fifteen British Royal Navy personnel 2007 Iranian seizure of Royal Navy personnel|held in Iran -are released by the Iranian President.

2013-More than 70 people are killed in a 2013 Thane building collapse|building collapse -in Thane, India.