This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

911- Rollo -Siege of Chartres (911)|lays siege to Chartres.

1189- Richard I of England -officially invested as Duke of Normandy.

1304- Wars of Scottish Independence -Fall of Stirling Castle

1592-During the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98)|first Japanese invasion of Korea -Japanese forces led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi captured Pyongyang, although they were ultimately unable to hold it.

1738-Canadian explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye|Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye -reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.

1799- Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia|Tekle Giyorgis I -begins his first of five reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.

1807- Nicéphore Niépce -is awarded a patent by Napoleon for the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine, after it successfully powered a boat upstream on the river Saône in France.

1810-Citizens of Bogotá -Viceroyalty of New Granada|New Granada declare independence from Spain.

1866- Austro-Prussian War -Battle of Lissa (1866)|Battle of Lissa

1871- British Columbia -joins the confederation of Canada.

1885- The Football Association -legalizes professionalism in association football under pressure from the British Football Association.

1903-The Ford Motor Company -ships its first car.

1917- World War I -The Corfu Declaration, which leads to the creation of the post-World War I|war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia.

1922-The League of Nations -awards mandates of Togoland to France and Tanganyika to the United Kingdom.

1932-In Washington, D.C. -police fire tear gas on World War I veterans, part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force, who attempt to march to the White House.

1934-Labor unrest in the U.S.: Police in Minneapolis -fire upon striking Trucker|truck drivers, during the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934, killing two and wounding sixty-seven.

1934- 1934 West Coast waterfront strike -In Seattle|Seattle, Washington, police fire tear gas on and club 2,000 striking stevedore|longshoremen. The governor of Oregon calls out the National Guard to break a strike on the Portland, Oregon|Portland docks.

1935- Switzerland -A KLM|Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen.

1936-The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Turkish Straits|Montreux Convention -is signed in Montreux|Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacetime.

1938-The United States Department of Justice -files suit in New York City|New York, New York against the motion picture industry charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system. The case would eventually result in a break-up of the industry in 1948.

1940- Denmark -leaves the League of Nations.

1940- California -opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway.

1941- Soviet Union|Soviet leader -Joseph Stalin consolidates the Commissariats of Home Affairs and National Security to form the NKVD and names Lavrentiy Beria|Lavrenti Beria its chief.

1944-World War II: Adolf Hitler -survives 20 July plot|an assassination attempt led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg.

1949- Israel -and Syria sign a truce to end their 1948 Arab–Israeli War|nineteen-month war.

1950- Cold War -In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads guilty to spying for the Soviet Union by passing secrets from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs.

1951-King Abdullah I of Jordan -is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.

1954- Germany -Otto John, head of West Germany's secret service, defects to East Germany.

1960-Ceylon (now Sri Lanka -elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister of Sri Lanka|Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government.

1960-The Polaris missile -is successfully launched from a submarine, the {{USS|George Washington|SSBN-598|6}}, for the first time.

1961- Military of France|French military -forces break the Tunisian Bizerte crisis|siege of Bizerte.

1964- Vietnam War -Viet Cong forces attack the capital of Dinh Tuong Province, Cai Be, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of which are children).

1968-The first International Special Olympics -Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.

1969- Apollo program -Apollo 11's crew successfully makes the first landing on the Moon in the Mare Tranquillitatis|Sea of Tranquility. Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to walk on the Moon later that day (Eastern Time Zone).

1969-A cease fire is announced between Honduras -and El Salvador, six days after the beginning of the "Football War".

1974- Cyprus dispute#Turkish Intervention|Turkish occupation of Cyprus -Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a ''coup d'état'', organised by the dictator of Greece, against Makarios III|president Makarios.

1976-The American Viking 1 -lander successfully lands on Mars.

1977-The Central Intelligence Agency -releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act (United States)|Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in Project MKULTRA|mind control experiments.

1982- Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings -The Provisional Irish Republican Army|Provisional IRA detonates two bombs in Hyde Park, London|Hyde Park and Regent's Park in central London, killing eight soldiers, wounding forty-seven people, and leading to th