This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: March-23

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

1400-The Trần Dynasty -of Vietnam is deposed after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule by Hồ Quý Ly, a court official.

1540- Waltham Abbey Church|Waltham Abbey -is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.

1568-The Peace of Longjumeau -is signed, ending the second phase of the French Wars of Religion.

1708- James Francis Edward Stuart -lands at the Firth of Forth.

1757-Capture of Chandannagar -fort by United Kingdom|British forces.

1775- American Revolutionary War -Patrick Henry delivers his speech

1801- Tsar -Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death inside his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle.

1806-After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase -and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.

1821- Greek War of Independence -Battle and fall of city of Kalamata.

1848-The ship '' John Wickliffe (ship)|John Wickliffe -' arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scotland|Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand|Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.

1857- Elisha Otis -s first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway (Manhattan)|Broadway New York City.

1862-The First Battle of Kernstown -Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Though a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond.

1868-The University of California -is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.

1879- War of the Pacific -The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.

1885- Sino-French War -Chinese victory in the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hung Hoa, northern Vietnam.

1888-In England, The Football League -the world's oldest professional Association Football league, meets for the first time.

1889-The Ahmadiyya -Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, India.

1901- Emilio Aguinaldo -only President of the First Philippine Republic, was captured at Palanan, Isabela by forces of General Frederick Funston.

1905- Eleftherios Venizelos -calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.

1908-American diplomat Durham Stevens -is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.

1909- Theodore Roosevelt -leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.

1918- First World War -On the third day of the German Operation Michael|Spring Offensive, the 10th Battalion of the Royal West Kent Regiment is annihilated with many of the men becoming Prisoners of war

1919-In Milan -Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Italian Fascism|Fascist political movement.

1931- Bhagat Singh -Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hanged for murder during the Indian struggle for independence.

1933-The '' Reichstag (Weimar Republic)|Reichstag -' passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.

1935-Signing of the Constitution of the Philippines#Commonwealth and Third Republic|Constitution -of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.

1939-The Kingdom of Hungary (Regency)|Hungarian -air force attacks the headquarters of Slovenské vzdušné zbrane|Slovak air force in the city of Spišská Nová Ves, kills 13 people and began the Slovak–Hungarian War.

1940-The Lahore Resolution -(Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.

1942- World War II -In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.

1956- Pakistan -becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day#March 23rd in Pakistan|Republic Day in Pakistan)

1965- NASA -launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young (astronaut)|John Young).

1965-The first issue of '' The Vigilant -' is published from Khartoum.

1978-The first UNIFIL -troops arrived in Lebanon for Timeline of UN peacekeeping missions|peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line (Lebanon)|Blue Line.

1980-Archbishop Óscar Romero -of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.

1982- Guatemala -s government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.

1983- Strategic Defense Initiative -President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.

1989- Stanley Pons -and Martin Fleischmann announce their discovery of cold fusion at the University of Utah.

1991-The Revolutionary United Front -with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor (Liberia)|Charles Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invades Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking a gruesome 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War.

1994-At an election rally in Tijuana -Mexico|Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.

1994- Aeroflot Flight 593 -crashes in Siberia when the aviator|pilot's fifteen-year old son accidentally disengages the autopilot, killing all 75 people on board.

1994-A United States Air Force -(USAF) F-16 Fighting Falcon|F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 Hercules|C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.

1996- Taiwan -holds its ROC Presidential Election 1996|first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President of the Republic of China|President.

1999-Gunmen assassinate Paraguay -s Vice President Luis María Argaña.

2001-The Russia -''Mir'' space station is Deorbit of Mir|disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.

2003- Battle of Nasiriyah -first major conflict during the 2003 invasion of Iraq|invasion of Iraq.

2005- Texas City Refinery explosion -During a test on a distillation tower liquid waste builds up and flows out of a blowout tower. Waste fumes ignite and explode killing 15 workers.

2009- FedEx Express Flight 80 -A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 flying from Guangzhou, China crashes at Tokyo's Narita International Airport, killing both the captain and the co-pilot.