This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

356 BC-The Temple of Artemis -in Ephesus, one of the Wonders of the World|Seven Wonders of the World, is destroyed by arson.

230- Pope Pontian -succeeds Pope Urban I|Urban I as the eighteenth pope.

285- Diocletian -appoints Maximian as Caesar (title)|Caesar and co-ruler.

365-A tsunami -devastates the city of Alexandria|Alexandria, Egypt. The tsunami was caused by the 365 Crete earthquake|Crete earthquake estimated to be 8.0 on the Richter magnitude scale|Richter scale. Five thousand people perished in Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside the city.

1242- Battle of Taillebourg -: Louis IX of France puts an end to the revolt of his vassals Henry III of England and Hugh X of Lusignan.

1403- Battle of Shrewsbury -King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.

1545-The first landing of France|French -troops on the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight.

1568- Eighty Years' War -Battle of Jemmingen

1645- Qing Dynasty -regent Dorgon issues an Queue (hairstyle)#Queue Order|edict ordering all Han Chinese men to shave their forehead and braid the rest of their hair into a queue identical to those of the Manchus.

1656-The Raid on Malaga (1656)|Raid on Malaga -takes place during the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)|Anglo-Spanish War.

1718-The Treaty of Passarowitz -between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.

1774- Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) -Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca ending the war.

1831-Inauguration of Leopold I of Belgium -first king of the Belgium|Belgians.

1861- American Civil War -First Battle of Bull Run

1865-In the market square of Springfield, Missouri -Wild Bill Hickok Wild Bill Hickok – Davis Tutt shootout|shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first western showdown.

1873-At Adair, Iowa -Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American Frontier|American Old West.

1877-After riot -ng by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the Great Railroad Strike of 1877|deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania stage a Secondary action|sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.

1902- Willis Carrier -creates the first air conditioner in Buffalo, New York

1903-Battle of Ciudad Bolívar -a victory of federal army of Juan Vicente Gómez over forces of general Nicolás Rolando.

1904- Louis Rigolly -a Frenchman, becomes the first man to break the {{convert|100|mph|0|abbr=on}} barrier on land. He drove a 15-liter Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium.

1907-The passenger steamer SS Columbia (1880)|SS ''Columbia'' -collides with the steam schooner ''San Pedro'' off Shelter Cove, California, causing the ''Columbia'' to sink killing 88 people.

1914-The Crown council of Romania -decides for the country to remain neutral in World War I.

1918-{{SMU|U-156||2}} shells Attack on Orleans|Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts -

1919-The Airship|dirigible -''Wingfoot Air Express crash|Wingfoot Air Express'' crashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago|Chicago, Illinois, killing 12 people.

1925- Scopes Trial -In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.

1925-Sir Malcolm Campbell -father of Donald Campbell, becomes the first man to break the {{convert|150|mph|0|abbr=on}} land barrier at Pendine Sands in Wales. He drove a Sunbeam (car company)|Sunbeam at a two-way average speed of {{convert|150.33|mph|0|abbr=on}}.

1944- World War II -Battle of Guam (1944)|Battle of Guam

1944-World War II: Claus von Stauffenberg -and fellow conspirators are executed in Berlin|Berlin, Germany for the 20 July plot|July 20 plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.

1949-The United States Senate -ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.

1954- First Indochina War -The Geneva Conference (1954)|Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.

1959-{{Ship|NS|Savannah}}, the first nuclear marine propulsion|nuclear-powered -cargo-passenger ship, is ship naming and launching|launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" initiative.

1959- Pumpsie Green|Elijah Jerry "Pumpsie" Green -becomes the first list of African-American firsts|African-American to play for the Boston Red Sox, the last team to integrate. He came in as a pinch runner for Vic Wertz and stayed in as shortstop in a 2–1 loss to the Chicago White Sox.

1961- Project Mercury|Mercury program -Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission

1970-After 11 years of construction, the Aswan Dam|Aswan High Dam -in Egypt is completed.

1972- The Troubles -Bloody Friday (1972)|Bloody Friday

1973-In the Lillehammer affair -in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents kill a waiter whom they mistakenly thought was involved in the 1972 Munich massacre|Munich Olympics Massacre.

1976- Christopher Ewart-Biggs -the United Kingdom|British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.

1977-The start of the four day long Libyan–Egyptian War -

1983-The Lowest temperature recorded on Earth|world's lowest temperature -in an inhabited location is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at {{convert|-89.2|°C|°F}}.

1995- Third Taiwan Strait Crisis -The People's Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.

2011- NASA -s Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.

2012- Erden Eruç -completes the first solo Human-powered transport|human-powered circumnavigation of the world.