Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
275-In Rome, (after the assassination of Aurelian -, the Roman Senate|Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus Roman Emperor|Emperor.
762-Led by Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya -the Hasan ibn Ali|Hasanid branch of the Alids begins the Alid Revolt (762–763)|Alid Revolt against the Abbasid Caliphate.
1066-The Battle of Stamford Bridge -marks the end of the Viking invasions of England.
1237- Kingdom of England|England -and Kingdom of Scotland|Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their Anglo-Scottish border|common border.
1396- Ottoman Dynasty|Ottoman Emperor -Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1513-Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa -reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.
1555-The Peace of Augsburg -is signed in Augsburg by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
1690-'' Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick -', the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.
1775- American Revolutionary War -Ethan Allen surrenders to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe. Benedict Arnold and Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec|his expeditionary company set off from Fort Western, bound for Quebec City.
1789-The United States Congress -passes twelve amendments to the United States Constitution: the Congressional Apportionment Amendment (which was never ratified), the Twenty-seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution|Congressional Compensation Amendment, and the ten that are known as the United States Bill of Rights|Bill of Rights.
1790- Peking opera -is born when the Four Great Anhui Troupes introduce Huiju|Anhui opera to Beijing in honor of the Qianlong Emperor's eightieth birthday.
1804-The Lakota people|Teton Sioux -(a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for allowing the expedition to move further upriver.
1846-U.S. forces led by Zachary Taylor -capture the Mexican city of Monterrey.
1868-The Imperial Russian steam frigate '' Russian frigate Alexander Nevsky|Alexander Nevsky -' is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia|Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
1890-The United States Congress -establishes Sequoia National Park.
1906-In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres Quevedo -successfully demonstrates the invention of the ''Telekino'' in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the remote control.
1911-Ground is broken for Fenway Park -in Boston
1911-An explosion of badly degraded propellant -charges on board the French battleship Liberté|French battleship ''Liberté'' detonates the forward ammunition magazine (artillery)|magazines and destroys the ship.
1912- Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism -is founded in New York City.
1915- World War I -The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
1926-The international 1926 Slavery Convention|Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery -is first signed.
1929- Jimmy Doolittle -performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full Instrument flight rules|instrument flying from take off to landing is possible.
1937- Second Sino-Japanese War -The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan.
1942- World War II -Swiss Police Instruction of September 25, 1942
1944-World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division -Operation Berlin (Arnhem rescue)|withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending the Battle of Arnhem and Operation Market Garden.
1955-The Royal Jordanian Air Force -is founded.
1956- TAT-1 -the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.
1957- Little Rock Central High School|Central High School -in Little Rock, Arkansas, is Racial integration|integrated by the use of United States Army troops.
1959- Solomon Bandaranaike -Prime Minister of Sri Lanka is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
1962-The Algeria|People's Democratic Republic of Algeria -is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of Algeria|President of the provisional government.
1962-The North Yemen Civil War -begins when Abdullah as-Sallal dethrones the newly crowned Muhammad al-Badr|Imam al-Badr and declares Yemen Yemen Arab Republic|a republic under his presidency.
1963- Tom Denning, Baron Denning|Lord Denning -releases the UK government's official report on the Profumo Affair.
1964-The Mozambican War of Independence -against Portugal begins.
1969-The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation -is signed.
1970- Cease-fire -between Jordan and the Fedayeen ends fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and September 9|9.
1972-In a Norwegian European Communities membership referendum, 1972|referendum -the people of Norway reject membership of the European Community.
1974-The first ulnar collateral ligament replacement surgery ( Tommy John surgery -performed, on baseball player Tommy John.
1977-About 4,200 people take part in the first running of the Chicago Marathon -
1978- PSA Flight 182 -a Boeing 727|Boeing 727-214, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, killing 144 people.
1981- Belize -joins the United Nations.
1983- Maze Prison escape -38 republican prisoners, armed with six handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of Maze (HM Prison)|the Maze prison. It is the largest prison escape since WWII and in British history.
1992- NASA -launches the ''Mars Observer'', a $511 million probe to Mars, in the first U.S. mission to the planet in 17 years. Eleven months later, the probe would fail.
1996-The last of the Magdalene asylum -closes in Ireland.
2002-The Vitim event -a possible Meteoroid#Bolide|bolide impact in Siberia, Russia.
2003-A Richter magnitude scale|magnitude-8.0 -earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaidō, Japan.
2008-China launches the spacecraft Shenzhou 7 -
2009-U.S. President Barack Obama -British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and French President Nicolas Sarkozy, in a joint TV appearance for a G-20 summit, accused Iran of building a secret nuclear enrichment facility.