This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-24

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

41- Roman Emperor -Caligula, known for his Eccentricity (behavior)|eccentricity and sadistic despotism, is assassination|assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. The Guard then proclaims Caligula's uncle Claudius as Emperor

1438-The Council of Basel -suspends Pope Eugene IV.

1458- Matthias I Corvinus of Hungary|Matthias I Corvinus -becomes king of Hungary.

1624- Afonso Mendes -appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.

1679-King Charles II of England -dissolves the Cavalier Parliament.

1742- Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor|Charles VII Albert -becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

1758-During the Seven Years' War -the leading burghers of Königsberg submit to Elizabeth I of Russia, thus forming Russian Prussia (until 1763)

1817- Crossing of the Andes -Many soldiers of Juan Gregorio de las Heras are captured during the Action of Picheuta.

1835-Slaves in Salvador da Bahia -Brazil, Malê Revolt|stage a revolt, which is instrumental in ending slavery there 50 years later.

1848- California Gold Rush -James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter's Mill near Sacramento, California|Sacramento.

1857-The University of Calcutta -is formally founded as the first fully-fledged university in South Asia.

1859-Political and state union of Moldavia -and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza is elected as Domnitor in both United Principalities|Principalities.

1862- Bucharest -is proclaimed the capital of Romania.

1878-The revolutionary Vera Zasulich -shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.

1900- Second Boer War -Boers stop a British attempt to break the Siege of Ladysmith in the Battle of Spion Kop.

1908-The first Boy Scout -troop is organized in England by Robert Baden-Powell.

1911-Japanese anarchist Shūsui Kōtoku -is hanged for treason in a case now considered a miscarriage of justice.

1916-In '' Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad -', the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.

1918-The Gregorian calendar -is introduced in Russia by decree of the Council of People's Commissars effective February 14(NS)

1933-The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution|20th Amendment to the United States Constitution -is ratified, changing the beginning and end of terms for all elected federal offices.

1939-The 1939 Chillán earthquake|deadliest earthquake in Chilean history -strikes Chillán, killing approximately 28,000 people.

1942- World War II -The Allies of World War II|Allies bombard Bangkok, leading Thailand, then under Japanese control, to declare war against the United States and United Kingdom.

1943- World War II -Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a Casablanca Conference|conference in Casablanca.

1946-The United Nations General Assembly -passes its first resolution to establish the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission.

1947-Greek banker Dimitrios Maximos -becomes Prime Minister of Greece.

1960- Algerian War -Some units of European volunteers in Algiers stage an insurrection known as the "barricades week", during which they seize government buildings and clash with local police.

1961- 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash -A bomber carrying two H-bombs breaks up in mid-air over North Carolina. The uranium core of one weapon remains lost.

1968- Vietnam War -The 1st Australian Task Force launches Operation Coburg against the People's Army of Vietnam|North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong during wider fighting around Long Bình ward|Long Bình and Biên Hòa

1972- Japan -se Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been Japanese holdout|since the end of World War II.

1977- 1977 Massacre of Atocha|Massacre of Atocha -in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.

1978- Soviet Union|Soviet -satellite Cosmos 954, with a nuclear reactor on board, burns up in Earth's atmosphere, scattering radioactive debris over Canada's Northwest Territories. Only 1% is recovered.

1984-The first Apple Macintosh -goes on sale.

1986- Voyager 2 -passes within {{convert|81500|km|mi}} of Uranus.

1990- Japan -launches Hiten, the country's first lunar probe, the first robotic lunar probe since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 in 1976, and the first lunar probe launched by a country other than Soviet Union or the United States.

1993- Turkey|Turkish -journalist and writer Uğur Mumcu is assassinated by a car bomb in Ankara.

1996- Poland|Polish -Prime Minister of Poland|Prime Minister Józef Oleksy resigns amid charges that he spied for Moscow.

2003-The United States Department of Homeland Security -officially begins operation.

2009-The storm Klaus (storm)|Klaus -makes landfall near Bordeaux, France. It subsequently would cause 26 deaths as well as extensive disruptions to public transport and power supplies.

2011-At least 35 die and 180 are injured in a 2011 Domodedovo International Airport bombing|bombing -at Moscow's Domodedovo airport.

2014-Three bombs January 2014 Cairo bombings|explode -in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, killing about 7 people and injuring over 100 others.

2014-The Philippines -and the Moro people|Bangsamoro agree to a Peace process with the Bangsamoro in the Philippines|peace deal that would help end the 45-year conflict.