This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-18

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

14- Tiberius -is confirmed as Roman emperor by the Roman Senate following the natural death of Augustus

96- Nerva -is proclaimed Roman emperor after Domitian is assassinated.

324- Constantine the Great -decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire.

1180- Philip Augustus -becomes king of France.

1454-In the Battle of Chojnice -the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic Knights|Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War (1454–66)|Thirteen Years' War.

1502- Christopher Columbus -lands at Honduras on his fourth, and final, voyage.

1635- Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor|Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria -declares war on France.

1679- New Hampshire -becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1714- George I of Great Britain|George I -arrives in Great Britain for the first time since becoming king on August 1st.

1739-The Treaty of Belgrade -is signed, ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire.

1759- Seven Years' War -The British capture Quebec City.

1793-The first cornerstone of the United States Capitol|Capitol building -is laid by George Washington.

1809-The Royal Opera House -in London opens.

1810- Government Junta of Chile (1810)|First Government Junta -in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.

1812- Fire of Moscow (1812)|The 1812 Fire of Moscow -dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from the Petrovsky Palace to the Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.

1837- Tiffany and Co. -(first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The store is called a "stationery and fancy goods emporium".

1838-The Anti-Corn Law League -is established by Richard Cobden.

1850-The United States Congress|U.S. Congress -passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.

1851-First publication of ''The New-York Daily Times'', which later becomes '' The New York Times -'.

1870- Old Faithful Geyser -is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expedition to Yellowstone.

1872-King Oscar II of Sweden|Oscar II -accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.

1873- Panic of 1873 -The U.S. bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures.

1882-The Pacific Stock Exchange -opens.

1889- Hull House -the United States' most influential settlement house, opens in Chicago.

1895- Booker T. Washington -delivers the "Atlanta compromise" address.

1895- Daniel David Palmer -gives the first chiropractic adjustment.

1898- Fashoda Incident -Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener|Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan.

1906-A typhoon -with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.

1910-In Amsterdam -25,000 demonstrate for general suffrage.

1911-Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin -is shot at the Kiev Opera House.

1914-The Home Rule Act 1914|Irish Home Rule Act -becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.

1914- World War I -South African troops land in German South West Africa.

1919-The Netherlands gives women the women's suffrage|right to vote -

1919- Fritz Pollard -becomes the first African American to play professional Football (American)|football for a major team, the Akron Pros.

1922-Hungary is admitted to the League of Nations -

1927-The Columbia Broadcasting System -goes on the air.

1928- Juan de la Cierva -makes the first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.

1931-The Mukden Incident -gives Japan the pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.

1934-The USSR -is admitted to the League of Nations.

1939- World War II -Second Polish Republic|Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Kingdom of Romania|Romania.

1939-The Nazi -propaganda broadcaster known as Lord Haw-Haw begins transmitting.

1940-The British liner {{SS|City of Benares}} is sunk by German submarine U-48 (1939)|German submarine U-48 -those killed include 77 child refugees.

1943-World War II: The Jews of Minsk -are massacred at Sobibor extermination camp|Sobibór.

1943-World War II: Adolf Hitler -orders the deportation of Danish Jews.

1944-World War II: The British submarine -{{HMS|Tradewind|P329|6}} torpedoes ''Jun'yō Maru'', 5,600 killed.

1945-General Douglas MacArthur -moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.

1947-The United States Air Force -becomes an independent branch of the United States armed forces.

1947-The National Security Council -and the Central Intelligence Agency are established in the United States under the National Security Act of 1947|National Security Act.

1948- Operation Polo -is terminated after the Indian Army accepts the surrender of Nizam's Army.

1948- Communist -Madiun uprising in Dutch Indies.

1948- Margaret Chase Smith -of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator's term, when she defeats Democratic Party of the United States|Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten.

1959- Vanguard 3 -is launched into Earth orbit.

1960- Fidel Castro -arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.

1961-U.N. Secretary-General -Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the war-torn Katanga Province|Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

1962- Burundi -Jamaica, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations.

1964- Constantine II of Greece -marries Queen Anne-Marie of Greece|Danish princess Anne-Marie.

1964- North Vietnamese Army -begins infiltration of South Vietnam.

1973- The Bahamas -East Germany and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.

1974- Hurricane Fifi -strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.

1975- Patty Hearst -is arrested after a year on the FBI Most Wanted List.

1977- Voyager I -takes first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.

1980- Soyuz 38 -carries two cosmonauts (including one Cubans|Cuban) to Salyut 6|Salyut 6 space station.

1981- Assemblée Nationale -votes to abolish capital punishment in France.

1982-Christian militia -begin killing six-hundred Palestinians in Lebanon.

1984- Joe Kittinger -completes the first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.

1987- Jerzy Kukuczka -becomes the second mountaineer to summit all 14 Eight-thousanders.

1988-End of 8888 Uprising|pro-democracy uprisings -in Myanmar after a bloody military coup by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students), are killed by the Myanmar Armed Forces|Tatmadaw.

1990- Liechtenstein -becomes a member of the United Nations.

1991- Yugoslavia -begins a naval blockade of seven Adriatic port cities.

1992-An explosion rocks Giant Mine -at the height of a labor dispute, killing nine replacement workers.

1997-United States media magnate Ted Turner -donates US$1 billion to the United Nations.

1998- ICANN -is formed.

2001-First mailing of anthrax -letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

2007- Pervez Musharraf -announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.

2007- Bhikkhu|Buddhist monks -join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests|Saffron Revolution.

2009-The 72-year run of the soap opera '' The Guiding Light -' ends as its final episode is broadcast.

2013- Cygnus Orb-D1 -is launched into space.

2014- Scotland -Scottish independence referendum, 2014|votes against independence from the United Kingdom.