This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: October-30

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

637- Antioch -surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of the Iron Bridge.

758- Guangzhou -is sacked by Arab and Persian people|Persian pirates.

1137- Battle of Rignano -between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.

1270-The Eighth Crusade -and siege of Tunis end by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.

1340- Kingdom of Portugal|Portuguese -and Kingdom of Castile|Castilian forces halt a Marinid dynasty|Marinid invasion at the Battle of Río Salado.

1485-King Henry VII of England -is crowned.

1534-English Parliament passes Acts of Supremacy|Act of Supremacy -making Henry VIII of England|King Henry VIII head of the English church - a role formerly held by the Pope.

1657- Spanish Empire|Spanish -forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Ocho Rios during the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)|Anglo-Spanish War.

1806-Believing he is facing a much larger force, Prussian Lieutenant General Friedrich von Romberg, commanding 5,300 men, Capitulation of Stettin|surrendered the city of Stettin -to 800 French soldiers commanded by Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle|General Lassalle.

1817-The independent government of Venezuela -is established by Simón Bolívar.

1831-In Southampton County, Virginia -escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest Nat Turner's slave rebellion|slave rebellion in United States history.

1863-Danish Prince Wilhelm arrives in Athens -to assume his throne as George I of Greece|George I, King of the Hellenes.

1864- Second Schleswig War -ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.

1864- Helena, Montana -is founded after four Prospecting|prospectors discover gold at "Last Chance Gulch".

1888- Rudd Concession -granted by King Lobengula of Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes led by Charles Rudd.

1894-Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro -industrially.

1905- Czar -Nicholas II of Russia grants Russia's first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.

1918-The Ottoman Empire -signs an armistice with the Allies of World War I|Allies, ending the World War I|First World War in the Middle East.

1920-The Communist Party of Australia -is founded in Sydney.

1922- Benito Mussolini -is made Italian Prime Minister|Prime Minister of Italy.

1925- John Logie Baird -creates Britain's first television transmitter.

1929-The Standseilbahn Stuttgart|Stuttgart Cable Car -is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.

1938- Orson Welles -broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells's ''The War of the Worlds (radio drama)|The War of the Worlds'', causing anxiety in some of the audience in the United States.

1941- World War II -Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allies of World War II|Allied nations.

1941-1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi -(in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Bełżec extermination camp.

1942-Lt. Tony Fasson -Able Seaman Colin Grazier and canteen assistant Tommy Brown (GM)|Tommy Brown from {{HMS|Petard|G56|6}} board German submarine U-559|''U-559'', retrieving material which would lead to the decryption of the German Enigma code.

1944- Anne Frank -and sister Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz concentration camp|Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

1945- Jackie Robinson -of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Los Angeles Dodgers|Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color barrier.

1947-The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade -(GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.

1950- Pope Pius XII -witnesses the "Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican City|Vatican.

1953- Cold War -U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States' arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communism|communist threat.

1960- Michael Woodruff -performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.

1961- Nuclear testing -The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 50 megatons of yield, it is still the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise.

1961-Because of "violations of Lenin -s precepts", it is decreed that Joseph Stalin's body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin's tomb and buried near the Kremlin Wall with a plain granite marker instead.

1965-English model Jean Shrimpton -causes a global sensation by wearing white shift dress of Jean Shrimpton|a daring white minidress to Victoria Derby|Derby Day at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia.

1965- Vietnam War -close to Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas.

1970-In Vietnam -the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes severe floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.

1972-A collision between two commuter trains in Chicago -kills 45 and injures 332.

1973-The Bosphorus Bridge -in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus for the second time.

1974- The Rumble in the Jungle -boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire.

1974-As a member of the California Angels, Major League Baseball -player Nolan Ryan throws the fastest recorded pitch, at 100.9 MPH.

1975-Prince Juan Carlos I of Spain|Juan Carlos -becomes Spain's acting head of state, taking over for the country's ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.

1980- El Salvador -and Honduras sign a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969's Football War before the International Court of Justice.

1983-The first democratic elections in Argentina -after seven years of military rule are held.

1985- Space Shuttle Challenger -lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.

1987-In Japan, NEC -releases the first History of video game consoles (fourth generation)|16-bit (fourth generation) video game console, the PC Engine, which is later sold in other markets under the name TurboGrafx-16.

1991-The Madrid Conference of 1991|Madrid Conference -for Middle East peace talks opens.

1993- The Troubles -The Ulster Defence Association, an Ulster loyalism|Ulster loyalist paramilitary, Greysteel massacre|carry out a mass shooting at a Halloween party in Greysteel, Northern Ireland. Eight civilians are murdered and thirteen wounded.

1995- Quebec -citizens narrowly vote (50.58% to 49.42%) to remain a province of Canada in their Quebec referendum, 1995|second referendum on national sovereignty.

2005-The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche -(destroyed in the bombing of Dresden in World War II|firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.