This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: November-13

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

1002-English king Æthelred II -orders the killing of all Danes (ancient people)|Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre.

1160- Louis VII of France -marries Adele of Champagne.

1553- Archbishop of Canterbury -Thomas Cranmer and four others, including Lady Jane Grey, are accused of high treason and sentenced to death under Catholic Mary I of England|Queen "Bloody" Mary I.

1642- First English Civil War -Battle of Turnham Green

1775- American Revolutionary War -Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal, Quebec.

1841- James Braid (surgeon)|James Braid -first sees a demonstration of ''animal magnetism'', which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls ''hypnotism''.

1851-The Denny Party -lands at Alki, Seattle, Washington|Alki Point, before moving to the other side of Elliott Bay to what would become Seattle, Washington.

1864-The new Greek Constitution of 1864|Constitution of Greece -is adopted.

1887- Bloody Sunday (1887)|Bloody Sunday -clashes in central London.

1901-The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster -

1914- Zaian War -Berber tribesmen inflict the heaviest defeat of French forces in Morocco at the Battle of El Herri.

1916- Prime Minister of Australia -Billy Hughes is expelled from the Australian Labor Party|Labor Party over his support for conscription.

1918- Allies of World War I|Allied troops -occupy Occupation of Constantinople|Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.

1927-The Holland Tunnel -opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City.

1940- Walt Disney|Walt Disney's -animated musical film Fantasia (1940 film)|Fantasia is first released, on the first night of a roadshow at New York's Broadway Theatre (53rd Street)|Broadway Theatre.

1941- World War II -The aircraft carrier {{HMS|Ark Royal|91|6}} is torpedoed by {{GS|U-81|1941|2}}, sinking the November 14|following day.

1947-The Soviet Union -completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles.

1950-General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud -President of Venezuela, is assassinated in Caracas.

1954- Great Britain national rugby league team|Great Britain -defeats France national rugby league team|France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.

1956-The Supreme Court of the United States -declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

1965-The {{SS|Yarmouth Castle}} burns and sinks 60 miles off Nassau, Bahamas|Nassau -with the loss of 90 lives.

1966-In response to Fatah -raids against Israelis near the West Bank border, Israel Samu Incident|launches an attack on the village of As-Samu.

1969- Vietnam War -Anti-war protesters in Washington, D.C. stage a symbolic ''March Against Death''.

1970- 1970 Bhola cyclone|Bhola cyclone -A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night. This is regarded as the 20th century's worst natural disaster.

1974- Ronald DeFeo, Jr. -murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island in the house that would become known as The Amityville Horror.

1982- Ray Mancini -defeats Duk Koo Kim in a boxing match held in Las Vegas Valley|Las Vegas, Nevada. Kim's subsequent death (on November 17) leads to significant changes in the sport.

1982-The Vietnam Veterans Memorial -is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

1985-The volcano Nevado del Ruiz -erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people.

1985- Xavier Suarez -is sworn in as Miami, Florida's first Cuban-born mayor.

1986-The Compact of Free Association -becomes law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands independence from the United States.

1988- Mulugeta Seraw -an Ethiopian law student in Portland, Oregon is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride.

1989- Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein|Hans-Adam II -the present Prince of Liechtenstein, begins his reign on the death of his father.

1990-In Aramoana -New Zealand, David Gray shoots dead 13 people in Aramoana massacre|a massacre before being tracked down and killed by police the next day.

1992-The High Court of Australia -rules in ''Dietrich v The Queen'' that although there is no absolute right to have publicly funded counsel, in most circumstances a judge should grant any request for an adjournment or stay when an accused is unrepresented.

1994-In a Referenda in Sweden|referendum -voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union.

1995-A truck-bomb explodes outside of a US-operated Saudi Arabian National Guard -training center in Riyadh, killing five United States|Americans and two Indians. A group called the Islamic Movement for Change claims responsibility.

2000- Philippines|Philippine -House Speaker Manny Villar passes the articles of impeachment against Philippine President Joseph Estrada.

2001- War on Terrorism -In the first such act since World War II, President of the United States|US President George W. Bush signs an Executive order (United States)|executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

2002- Iraq disarmament crisis -Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.

2002-The oil tanker '' Prestige (ship)|Prestige -' sinks off the Galicia (Spain)|Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.

2007-Russia officially withdraws from the Soviet-era Batumi -military base, Georgia (country)|Georgia.

Famous Birthdays

354- Augustine of Hippo -Algerian bishop and theologian (d. 430)

1312- Edward III of England -(d. 1377)

1486- Johann Eck -German theologian and academic (d. 1543)

1504- Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse -(d. 1567)

1572- Cyril Lucaris -Greek patriarch and theologian (d. 1638)

1559- Albert VII, Archduke of Austria -(d. 1621)

1699- Jan Zach -Czech violinist, organist, and composer (d. 1773)

1710- Charles Simon Favart -French director and playwright (d. 1792)

1715- Dorothea Erxleben -German physician (d. 1762)

1732- John Dickinson (delegate)|John Dickinson -American lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 1808)

1760- Jiaqing Emperor -of China (d. 1820)

1761- John Moore (British Army officer)|John Moore -Scottish general (d. 1809)

1780- Ranjit Singh -Maharaja of The Punjab Sikh Empire (d. 1839)

1782- Esaias Tegnér -Swedish bishop and educator (d. 1846)

1801- Amalie Auguste of Bavaria -(d. 1877)

1801- Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria -(d. 1873)

1809- John A. Dahlgren -American admiral (d. 1870)

1813- Petar II Petrović-Njegoš -Serbian metropolitan, philosopher, and poet (d. 1851)

1814- Joseph Hooker -American general (d. 1879)

1833- Edwin Booth -American actor and manager (d. 1893)

1837- James T. Rapier -American politician (d. 1883)

1838- Joseph F. Smith -American religious leader, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1918)

1841- Edward Burd Grubb, Jr. -American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Spain (d. 1913)

1848- Albert I, Prince of Monaco -(d. 1922)

1850- Robert Louis Stevenson -Scottish author and poet (d. 1894)

1853- John Drew, Jr. -American actor (d. 1927)

1854- George Whitefield Chadwick -American composer and educator (d. 1931)

1856- Louis Brandeis -American lawyer and jurist (d. 1941)

1866- Abraham Flexner -American educator, founded the Institute for Advanced Study (d. 1959)

1869- Helene Stöcker -German author and activist (d. 1943)

1869- Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams -Russian-American activist, journalist, and politician (d. 1962)

1878- Max Dehn -German-American mathematician and academic (d. 1952)

1879- John Grieb -American gymnast and triathlete (d. 1939)

1881- Carl Schenstrøm -Danish actor (d. 1942)

1883- Oscar Brockmeyer -American soccer player (d. 1954)

1883- Leo Goodwin (swimmer)|Leo Goodwin -American swimmer, diver, and water polo player (d. 1957)

1886- Mary Wigman -German dancer and choreographer (d. 1973)

1893- Edward Adelbert Doisy -American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)

1894- Arthur Nebe -German SS officer (d. 1945)

1897- Gertrude Olmstead -American actress (d. 1975)

1899- Iskander Mirza -Pakistani general and politician, 1st President of Pakistan (d. 1969)

1900- Edward Buzzell -American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1985)

1904- H. C. Potter -American director and producer (d. 1977)

1906- Hermione Baddeley -English-American actress and singer (d. 1986)

1906- A. W. Mailvaganam -Sri Lankan physicist and academic (d. 1987)

1906- Eva Zeisel -Hungarian-American designer (d. 2011)

1907- Giovanna of Italy -(d. 2000)

1908- C. Vann Woodward -American historian, author, and academic (d. 1999)

1910- William Bradford Huie -American journalist and author (d. 1986)

1910- Pat Reid -Indian-English soldier and author (d. 1990)

1911- Buck O'Neil -American baseball player and manager (d. 2006)

1913- V. Appapillai -Sri Lankan physicist and academic (d. 2001)

1913- Lon Nol -Cambodian general and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Cambodia (d. 1985)

1913- Alexander Scourby -American actor (d. 1985)

1914- Alberto Lattuada -Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2005)

1917- Vasantdada Patil -Indian politician, 9th List of Governors of Rajasthan|Governor of Rajasthan (d. 1989)

1917- Robert Sterling -American actor (d. 2006)

1918- George Grant (philosopher)|George Grant -Canadian philosopher and academic (d. 1988)

1920- Guillermina Bravo -Mexican dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 2013)

1920- Edward Hughes (bishop)|Edward Hughes -American bishop (d. 2012)

1921- Chabua Amirejibi -Georgian author and politician (d. 2013)

1921- Joonas Kokkonen -Finnish composer (d. 1996)

1922- Jack Narz -American game show host and announcer (d. 2008)

1922- Oskar Werner -Austrian-German actor (d. 1984)

1924- Linda Christian -Mexican-American actress (d. 2011)

1924- Motoo Kimura -Japanese biologist and geneticist (d. 1994)

1926- Harry Hughes -American lawyer and politician, 57th Governor of Maryland

1926- Don Gordon (actor)|Don Gordon -American actor

1927- Billy Klüver -Swedish-American engineer, co-founded Experiments in Art and Technology (d. 2004)

1928- Steve Bilko -American baseball player (d. 1978)

1928- Helena Carroll -Scottish-American actress (d. 2013)

1928- Hampton Hawes -American pianist (d. 1977)

1928- Ralph Foody -American actor (d. 1999)

1929- Robert Bonnaud -French historian and academic (d. 2013)

1929- Fred Phelps -American lawyer, pastor, and activist, founded the Westboro Baptist Church (d. 2014)

1929- Asashio Tarō III -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 46th Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (d. 1988)

1930- Adrienne Corri -Scottish actress

1931- Andrée Lachapelle -Canadian actress

1932- Willie Edwards -American murder victim (d. 1957)

1932- Richard Mulligan -American actor (d. 2000)

1934- Peter Arnett -New Zealand-American journalist and academic

1934- Jimmy Fontana -Italian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2013)

1934- Garry Marshall -American actor, director, and producer

1935- Tom Atkins (actor)|Tom Atkins -American actor

1935- George Carey -English archbishop

1936- Salim Kallas -Syrian actor and politician (d. 2013)

1938- Gérald Godin -Canadian journalist, poet, and politician (d. 1994)

1938- Jean Seberg -American actress (d. 1979)

1939- Karel Brückner -Czech footballer and manager

1939- Idris Muhammad -American drummer and composer (d. 2014)

1940- Saul Kripke -American philosopher and academic

1940- Daniel Pilon -Canadian actor

1940- William Taubman -American political scientist and author

1941- Eberhard Diepgen -German politician, List of mayors of Berlin|Mayor of Berlin

1941- David Green (entrepreneur)|David Green -American businessman, founded Hobby Lobby

1941- Dack Rambo -American actor (d. 1994)

1941- Mel Stottlemyre -American baseball player and coach

1942- John P. Hammond -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1943- Roberto Boninsegna -Italian footballer

1943- André-Gilles Fortin -Canadian politician (d. 1977)

1943- Jay Sigel -American golfer

1943- Howard Wilkinson -English footballer and manager

1944- Timmy Thomas -American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer

1945- Masahiro Hasemi -Japanese race car driver

1945- Bobby Manuel -American guitarist and producer (Booker T. & the M.G.'s)

1947- Toy Caldwell -American guitarist and songwriter (The Marshall Tucker Band) (d. 1993)

1947- Gene Garber -American baseball player

1947- Amory Lovins -American physicist and environmentalist

1947- Joe Mantegna -American actor, director, and producer

1948- Humayun Ahmed -Bangladeshi author, screenwriter, and director (d. 2012)

1949- Yoshimi Ishibashi -Japanese race car driver

1949- Terry Reid -English singer-songwriter and guitarist

1950- Mary Lou Metzger -American singer and dancer

1950- Gilbert Perreault -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1951- Pini Gershon -Israeli basketball player and coach

1952- Art Malik -Pakistani-English actor

1953- Frances Conroy -American actress and singer

1953- Andrés Manuel López Obrador -Mexican politician

1953- Stephen Paul (physicist)|Stephen Paul -American physicist (d. 2012)

1953- Andrew Ranken -English drummer (The Pogues)

1953- Tracy Scoggins -American model and actress

1954- Scott McNealy -American businessman, co-founded Sun Microsystems

1954- Chris Noth -American actor and producer

1955- Whoopi Goldberg -American actress, singer, and talk show host

1956- Ginger Alden -American model and actress

1956- Cynthia Carroll -American businesswoman

1956- Rex Linn -American actor

1956- Anna Verouli -Greek javelin thrower

1957- Nick Baines (bishop)|Nick Baines -English bishop

1957- Stephen Baxter -English author

1957- Roger Ingram -American trumpet player and educat

1958- John McConnell (actor)|John McConnell -American actor

1959- Caroline Goodall -English actress

1959- Emil Urbel -Estonian architect

1960- Neil Flynn -American actor

1960- Teodora Ungureanu -Romanian gymnast and coach

1963- Vinny Testaverde -American football player

1964- Timo Rautiainen (co-driver)|Timo Rautiainen -Finnish race car driver

1967- Juhi Chawla -Indian actress, singer, and producer, Femina Miss India|Miss India 1984

1967- Jimmy Kimmel -American comedian, actor, and talk show host

1967- Steve Zahn -American actor and singer

1968- Pat Hentgen -American baseball player and coach

1969- Ayaan Hirsi Ali -Somalian-American politician and author

1969- Lori Berenson -American activist

1969- Gerard Butler -Scottish actor, singer, and producer

1969- Nico Motchebon -German runner

1971- Noah Hathaway -American actor

1971- Buddy Zabala -Filipino bass player (Eraserheads, The Dawn (band)|The Dawn, and Cambio (band)|Cambio)

1972- Takuya Kimura -Japanese singer and actor (SMAP)

1973- Ari Hoenig -American drummer and composer

1974- Indrek Zelinski -Estonian footballer and manager

1975- Quim (footballer, born 1975)|Quim -Portuguese footballer

1975- Tom Compernolle -Belgian runner (d. 2008)

1975- Alain Digbeu -French basketball player

1975- Ivica Dragutinović -Serbian footballer

1975- Toivo Suursoo -Estonian ice hockey player and coach

1976- Kelly Sotherton -English sprinter

1976- Hiroshi Tanahashi -Japanese wrestler

1977- Chanel Cole -Australian singer

1977- Huang Xiaoming -Chinese actor and singer

1978- Nikolai Fraiture -American bass player (The Strokes and Nickel Eye)

1979- Subliminal (rapper)|Subliminal -Israeli rapper and producer

1979- Metta World Peace -American basketball player and rapper

1980- Monique Coleman -American actress, singer, and dancer

1980- Sara Del Rey -American wrestler

1980- François-Louis Tremblay -Canadian speed skater

1981- Rivkah (artist)|Rivkah -American author and illustrator

1981- Ryan Bertin -American wrestler

1981- Mark Cardona -Filipino basketball player

1981- Shawn Yue -Hong Kong actor and singer

1982- Michael Copon -American actor, singer, and producer

1982- Samkon Gado -Nigerian-American football player

1982- Kumi Koda -Japanese singer-songwriter and actress

1983- Claudia Balderrama -Bolivian race walker

1983- Kalle Kriit -Estonian cyclist

1983- Maleli Kunavore -Fijian rugby player (d. 2012)

1984- Lucas Barrios -Paraguayan footballer

1984- Kurt Morath -Tongan rugby player

1985- Asdrúbal Cabrera -Venezuelan baseball player

1986- Kevin Bridges -Scottish comedian and actor

1987- Dana Vollmer -American swimmer

1990- Kathleen Herles -American voice actress

1991- Devon Bostick -Canadian actor

1991- Matt Bennett -American actor and singer

1996- Austin Williams -American actor

History of Deaths

867- Pope Nicholas I -(b. 800)

1004- Abbo of Fleury -French monk and saint (b. 945)

1093- Malcolm III of Scotland -(b. 1041)

1143- Fulk, King of Jerusalem -(b. 1089)

1345- Constance of Peñafiel -(b. 1315)

1359- Ivan II of Moscow -(b. 1326)

1460- Henry the Navigator -Portuguese son of John I of Portugal (b. 1394)

1606- Geronimo Mercuriali -Italian physician and philologist (b. 1530)

1619- Ludovico Carracci -Italian painter and illustrator (b. 1555)

1650- Thomas May -English poet and historian (b. 1595)

1726- Sophia Dorothea of Celle -(b. 1666)

1770- George Grenville -English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1712)

1771- Konrad Ernst Ackermann -German actor (b. 1712)

1777- William Bowyer (printer)|William Bowyer -English printer (b. 1699)

1862- Ludwig Uhland -German poet, philologist, and historian (b. 1787)

1867- Adolphe Napoléon Didron -French archaeologist and historian (b. 1806)

1868- Gioachino Rossini -Italian composer (b. 1792)

1883- J. Marion Sims -American physician and gynecologist (b. 1813)

1903- Camille Pissarro -Virgin Islander-French painter (b. 1830)

1916- Saki -Burmese author and playwright (b. 1870)

1929- Princess Viktoria of Prussia -(b. 1866)

1942- Daniel J. Callaghan -American admiral (b. 1890)

1952- Margaret Wise Brown -American author (b. 1910)

1954- Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist -German field marshal (b. 1881)

1955- Bernard DeVoto -American historian and author (b. 1897)

1961- Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr. -American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia (b. 1897)

1963- Margaret Murray -Indian-English anthropologist and author (b. 1863)

1967- Harriet Cohen -English pianist (b. 1895)

1969- Iskander Mirza -Indian-Pakistani general and politician, 1st President of Pakistan (b. 1899)

1973- Lila Lee -American actress and singer (b. 1901)

1973- Bruno Maderna -Italian-German conductor and composer (b. 1920)

1974- Vittorio De Sica -Italian-French actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1901)

1974- Karen Silkwood -American activist (b. 1946)

1975- Olga Bergholz -Russian poet (b. 1910)

1979- Dimitris Psathas -Greek playwright and academic (b. 1907)

1982- Hugues Lapointe -Canadian lawyer and politician, 15th Solicitor General of Canada (b. 1911)

1983- Henry Jamison Handy -American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1886)

1983- Junior Samples -American comedian and actor (b. 1926)

1985- George Robert Vincent -American engineer (b. 1898)

1986- Thierry Le Luron -French comedian and singer (b. 1952)

1988- Antal Doráti -Hungarian-American conductor and composer (b. 1906)

1988- Jaromír Vejvoda -Czech composer (b. 1902)

1989- Victor Davis -Canadian swimmer (b. 1964)

1989- Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein -(b. 1906)

1990- Stewart Guthrie -New Zealand police officer (b. 1948)

1991- Paul-Émile Léger -Canadian cardinal (b. 1904)

1993- Rufus R. Jones -American wrestler (b. 1933)

1994- Motoo Kimura -Japanese biologist and geneticist (b. 1924)

1994- Jack Baker (actor)|Jack Baker -American actor (b. 1947)

1996- Bill Doggett -American pianist and composer (b. 1916)

1997- André Boucourechliev -Bulgarian-French composer (b. 1925)

1997- Dawud M. Mu'Min -American murderer (b. 1953)

1998- Edwige Feuillère -French actress (b. 1907)

1998- Valerie Hobson -Irish-English actress (b. 1917)

1998- Red Holzman -American basketball player and coach (b. 1920)

1998- Michel Trudeau -Canadian son of Pierre Trudeau (b. 1975)

1999- Mills Brothers|Donald Mills -American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1915)

2001- Peggy Mount -English actress (b. 1915)

2002- Juan Alberto Schiaffino -Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1925)

2002- Rishikesh Shaha -Nepalese academic, politician, and activist (b. 1925)

2003- Kellie Waymire -American actress (b. 1967)

2004- John Balance -English singer-songwriter (Coil (band)|Coil) (b. 1962)

2004- Ol' Dirty Bastard -American rapper and producer (Wu-Tang Clan) (b. 1968)

2004- Thomas M. Foglietta -American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1928)

2005- Eddie Guerrero -American wrestler (b. 1967)

2005- Vine Deloria, Jr. -American historian, theologian, and author (b. 1933)

2007- Wahab Akbar -Filipino politician (b. 1960)

2007- John Doherty (footballer)|John Doherty -English footballer and manager (b. 1935)

2007- Kazuhisa Inao -Japanese baseball player and manager (b. 1937)

2007- Monty Westmore -American make-up artist (b. 1923)

2008- Jules Archer -American historian and author (b. 1915)

2010- Luis García Berlanga -Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1921)

2010- Ken Iman -American football player and coach (b. 1939)

2010- Allan Sandage -American astronomer (b. 1926)

2012- Murray Arnold -American basketball player and coach (b. 1938)

2012- Will Barnet -American painter and illustrator (b. 1911)

2012- Erazm Ciołek (photographer)|Erazm Ciołek -Polish photographer and author (b. 1937)

2012- Kenneth Cragg -English priest and scholar (b. 1913)

2012- Yao Defen -Chinese giant (b. 1972)

2012- Robert Shirley, 13th Earl Ferrers -English politician (b. 1929)

2012- Manuel Peña Escontrela -Spanish footballer (b. 1965)

2012- John Sheridan (rugby league)|John Sheridan -English rugby player and coach (b. 1933)

2012- Ray Zone -American historian, author, and illustrator (b. 1947)

2013- Chieko Aioi -Japanese actress (b. 1934)

2013- José Cantón -Spanish footballer (b. 1937)

2013- Todd Christensen -American football player and sportscaster (b. 1956)

2013- Hans-Jürgen Heise -German author and poet (b. 1930)

2013- Barbara Lawrence -American actress and singer (b. 1930)

2013- Mauro Nesti -Italian race car driver (b. 1935)

2013- Daniel J. Shanefield -American chemist and engineer (b. 1930)