This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: February-27

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


380- Edict of Thessalonica -Emperor Theodosius I, with co-emperors Gratian and Valentinian II, declare their wish that all Roman citizenship|Roman citizens convert to trinitarian Christianity.

425-The University of Constantinople -is founded by Emperor Theodosius II at the urging of his wife Aelia Eudocia.

907-Abaoji, a Khitan people|Khitan -chieftain, is enthroned as Emperor Taizu of Liao|Emperor Taizu, establishing the Liao Dynasty in northern China.

1560-The Treaty of Berwick (1560)|Treaty of Berwick -which would expel the France|French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Lords of the Congregation of Scotland.

1594- Henry IV of France|Henry IV -is crowned Monarch|King of France.

1617- Sweden -and Russia sign the Treaty of Stolbovo, ending the Ingrian War and shutting Russia out of the Baltic Sea.

1626- Yuan Chonghuan -is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci.

1700-The island of New Britain -is discovered.

1776- American Revolutionary War -The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina breaks up a Loyalist (American Revolution)|Loyalist militia.

1782-American Revolutionary War: The House of Commons of Great Britain -votes against further war in America.

1801-Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 -Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the Congress of the United States|U.S. Congress.

1812- Argentine War of Independence -Manuel Belgrano raises the Flag of Argentina in the city of Rosario for the first time.

1812-Poet George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron|Lord Byron -gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.

1829- Battle of Tarqui -is fought.

1844-The Dominican Republic -gains independence from Haiti.

1860- Abraham Lincoln -makes a Cooper_Union_Address|speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York City|New York that is largely responsible for his election to the President of the United States|Presidency.

1861- Russian Empire|Russian -troops fire on a crowd in Warsaw protesting against Russian rule over Poland, killing five protesters.

1864- American Civil War -The first Union (American Civil War)|Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate States of America|Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.

1870-The current flag of Japan -is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships.

1881- First Boer War -The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place.

1898-King George I of Greece -survives an assassination attempt.

1900- Second Boer War -In South Africa, United Kingdom|British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje at the Battle of Paardeberg.

1900-The Labour Party (UK)|British Labour Party -is founded.

1900- FC Bayern Munich|Fußball-Club Bayern München -is founded.

1902- Second Boer War -Australian soldiers Breaker Morant|Harry 'Breaker' Morant and Peter Handcock are executed in Pretoria for Court martial of Breaker Morant|war crimes.

1921-The International Working Union of Socialist Parties -is founded in Vienna.

1922-A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution -allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in ''Leser v. Garnett''.

1933- Reichstag fire -Weimar Republic|Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag (building)|Reichstag, is set on fire, apparently by the Communists.

1939- United States labor law -The Supreme Court of the United States|U.S. Supreme Court rules that Sitdown strike|sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal.

1940- Martin Kamen -and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14.

1942- World War II -During the Battle of the Java Sea, an American-British-Dutch-Australian Command|Allied strike force is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea in the Dutch East Indies.

1943-The Smith Mine disaster|Smith Mine #3 -in Bearcreek, Montana|Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men.

1943-The Rosenstrasse protest -starts in Berlin.

1951-The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution -limiting President of the United States|Presidents to two terms, is ratified.

1955- Soviet Union regional elections, 1955 -

1961-The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation -is inaugurated.

1962-Two dissident Vietnam Air Force -pilots 1962 South Vietnamese Independence Palace bombing|bomb the Independence Palace in Saigon in a failed attempt to assassinate South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem.

1963-The Dominican Republic -receives its first democratically elected president, Juan Bosch, since the end of the dictatorship led by Rafael Trujillo.

1964-The Government of Italy -asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.

1971-Doctors in the first Netherlands|Dutch -abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform ''abortus provocatus|aborti provocati''.

1973-The American Indian Movement -(AIM) Wounded Knee incident|occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota.

1976-The formerly Spain|Spanish -territory of Western Sahara, under the auspices of the Polisario Front declares independence as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

1986-The United States Senate -allows its debates to be television|televised on a trial basis.

1988- Sumgait pogrom -The Armenians|Armenian community of Sumgait in Azerbaijan is targeted in a violent massacre.

1989- Venezuela -is rocked by the Caracazo riots.

1991- Gulf War -President of the United States|U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated".

1995- Zakho -A terrorist explosion in a market in the city of Zakho leaves about 100 dead and 150 wounded.

2002- Ryanair Flight 296 -catches fire at London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair's handling of the evacuation.

2002- Godhra train burning -A Muslim mob torches a train returning from Ayodhya, killing 59 Hinduism|Hindu prigrims.

2004-A bombing of a Superferry 14|Superferry -by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines' worst terrorist attack kills 116.

2004-The initial version of the John Jay Report -with details about the Catholic sexual abuse scandal in the United States, is released.

2007- The Chinese Correction -The Shanghai Stock Exchange falls 9%, the largest drop in ten years.

2010-An 2010 Chile earthquake|earthquake -measuring 8.8 on the Richter scale strikes central parts of Chile leaving over 500 victims, and thousands injured. The quake triggered a tsunami which struck Hawaii shortly after.

2012-A section of a nine-story apartment building in the city of Astrakhan -Russia, collapses in a 2012 Astrakhan gas explosion|natural gas explosion, killing 10 people and injuring at least 12 others.

2013-At least 19 people are killed when a 2013 Kolkata market fire|fire breaks out -at an illegal market in Kolkata, India.

2013-5 people (including the perpetrator) are killed and 5 others injured in a 2013 Menznau shooting|shooting -at a factory in Menznau, Switzerland.

Famous Birthdays


272- Constantine the Great -Roman emperor (d. 337)

1572- Francis II, Duke of Lorraine -(d. 1632)

1575- John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp -(d. 1616)

1622- Carel Fabritius -Dutch painter (d. 1654)

1667- Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł -Prussian-Lithuanian wife of Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1695)

1689- Pietro Gnocchi -Italian composer, director, historian, and geographer (d. 1775)

1691- Edward Cave -English publisher, founded ''The Gentleman's Magazine'' (d. 1754)

1702- Johann Valentin Görner -German composer (d. 1762)

1711- Constantine Mavrocordatos -Ottoman ruler (d. 1769)

1767- Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure -French politician, 24th Prime Minister of France (d. 1855)

1779- Thomas Hazlehurst (businessman)|Thomas Hazlehurst -English businessman, founded Hazlehurst & Sons (d. 1842)

1789- Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza -Chilean lawyer and politician, Ministry of National Defense (Chile)|Chilean Minister of National Defense (d. 1818)

1795- José Antonio Navarro -American politician (d. 1871)

1807- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow -American poet and educator (d. 1882)

1809- Jean-Charles Cornay -French missionary and saint (d. 1837)

1831- Nikolai Ge -Russian painter (d. 1894)

1846- Franz Mehring -German historian and politician (d. 1919)

1847- Ellen Terry -English actress (d. 1928)

1848- Hubert Parry -English composer and historian (d. 1918)

1850- Laura E. Richards -American author (d. 1943)

1856- Mattia Battistini -Italian opera singer (d. 1928)

1859- Bertha Pappenheim -Austrian-German activist and author (d. 1936)

1862- Anastasios Metaxas -Greek target shooter and architect (d. 1937)

1863- Joaquín Sorolla -Spanish painter (d. 1923)

1863- George Herbert Mead -American sociologist and philosopher (d. 1930)

1864- Eemil Nestor Setälä -Finnish politician (d. 1935)

1867- Irving Fisher -American economist (d. 1947)

1867- Wilhelm Peterson-Berger -Swedish composer (d.1942)

1869- Alice Hamilton -American physician and academic (d. 1970)

1870- Louis Coerne -American composer and educator (d. 1922)

1871- Gustav Waldau -German actor (d. 1958)

1872- Alexandru Vaida-Voevod -Romanian politician, Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1950)

1875- George Rodocanachi -English-Greek physician (d. 1944)

1875- Manuel Ugarte -Argentinian politician (d. 1951)

1877- Walter Briggs, Sr. -American businessman (d. 1952)

1877- Adela Verne -English pianist and composer (d. 1952)

1878- Alvan T. Fuller -American politician, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)

1878- Teodor Ussisoo -Estonian furniture designer (d. 1959)

1879- René Lefebvre -French businessman (d. 1944)

1881- Sveinn Björnsson -Danish-Icelandic politician, 1st President of Iceland (d. 1952)

1881- L. E. J. Brouwer -Dutch mathematician and academic (d. 1966)

1886- Hugo Black -American jurist and politician (d. 1971)

1887- Pyotr Nesterov -Russian captain, pilot, and engineer (d. 1914)

1888- Roberto Assagioli -Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)

1888- Earl Caddock -American wrestler (d. 1950)

1888- Lotte Lehmann -German soprano (d. 1976)

1888- Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr. -American historian (d. 1965)

1890- Freddie Keppard -American cornet player (d. 1933)

1891- David Sarnoff -Belarusian-American businessman and journalist, founded RCA (d. 1971)

1892- William Demarest -American actor (d. 1983)

1895- Miyagiyama Fukumatsu -Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 1943)

1897- Marian Anderson -American singer (d. 1993)

1899- Charles Herbert Best -American-Canadian scientist, co-discovered Insulin (d. 1978)

1899- Ian Keith -American actor (d. 1960)

1901- Marino Marini (sculptor)|Marino Marini -Italian sculptor (d. 1980)

1902- Gene Sarazen -American golfer (d. 1999)

1902- Ethelda Bleibtrey -American swimmer (d. 1978)

1902- Lúcio Costa -French-Brazilian architect and engineer, designed Gustavo Capanema Palace (d. 1998)

1902- John Steinbeck -American author, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)

1903- Ion Irimescu -Romanian sculptor and illustrator (d. 2005)

1903- Grethe Weiser -German actress (d. 1970)

1903- Reginald Gardiner -English-American actor (d. 1980)

1903- Gustave Wuyts -Belgian tug of war competitor and shot putter (d. 1979)

1904- James T. Farrell -American author (d. 1979)

1904- Chick Fullis -American baseball player (d. 1946)

1904- Yulii Borisovich Khariton -Russian physicist (d. 1996)

1904- André Leducq -French cyclist (d. 1980)

1905- Franchot Tone -American actor (d. 1968)

1907- Mildred Bailey -American singer (d. 1951)

1907- Momčilo Đujić -Serbian-American priest and commander (d. 1999)

1907- Walter Wolf (politician)|Walter Wolf -German politician (d. 1977)

1909- Aleksander Ansberg -Estonian politician (d. 1975)

1909- Väinö Myllyrinne -Finnish giant (d. 1963)

1910- Joan Bennett -American actress (d. 1990)

1910- Peter De Vries -American author (d. 1993)

1910- Ted Horn -American race car driver (d. 1948)

1910- Kelly Johnson (engineer)|Kelly Johnson -American engineer, co-founded Skunk Works (d. 1990)

1910- Genrikh Kasparyan -Armenian chess player (d. 1995)

1911- Oscar Heidenstam -English bodybuilder (d. 1991)

1912- Kusumagraj -Indian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1999)

1912- Lawrence Durrell -Indian-English author (d. 1990)

1913- Paul Ricoeur -French philosopher (d. 2005)

1913- Kazimierz Sabbat -Polish politician, President of Poland (d. 1989)

1913- Irwin Shaw -American author and screenwriter (d. 1984)

1915- Olavi Virta -Finnish singer (d. 1972)

1915- Denis Whitaker -Canadian general, football player, and businessman (d. 2001)

1917- John Connally -American politician, 61st United States Secretary of Treasury (d. 1993)

1921- Theodore Van Kirk -American soldier, pilot, and navigator (d. 2014)

1921- Elio Zagato -Italian automobile designer (d. 2009)

1922- Hans Rookmaaker -Dutch historian, author, and scholar (d. 1977)

1922- Massinet Sorcinelli -Brazilian basketball player (d. 1971)

1923- Dexter Gordon -American saxophonist, composer, and actor (d. 1990)

1925- Samuel Dash -American politician (d. 2004)

1925- Hardrock Gunter -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)

1926- David H. Hubel -Canadian neurophysiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)

1927- Lynn Cartwright -American actress (d. 2004)

1927- Jimmy Halliday -Scottish politician (d. 2013)

1927- Peter Whittle -New Zealand mathematician and theorist

1928- Alfred Hrdlicka -Austrian painter and sculptor (d. 2009)

1929- Bella Flores -Filipino actress (d. 2013)

1929- Jack Gibson (rugby league)|Jack Gibson -Australian rugby player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 2008)

1929- Stefan Kudelski -Polish engineer, invented the Nagra (d. 2013)

1929- Djalma Santos -Brazilian footballer (d. 2013)

1930- Jovan Krkobabić -Serbian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia (d. 2014)

1930- Martin Lönnebo -Swedish bishop

1930- Peter Stone -American screenwriter and producer (d. 2003)

1930- Paul von Ragué Schleyer -American chemist and academic

1930- Joanne Woodward -American actress

1932- Elizabeth Taylor -English-American actress (d. 2011)

1932- David Young, Baron Young of Graffham -English politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills

1933- Eric Bercovici -American screenwriter and producer (d. 2014)

1933- Raymond Berry -American football player

1933- Edward Lucie-Smith -Jamaican-English poet, author, and critic

1934- Vincent Fourcade -French interior designer (d. 1992)

1934- Michiko Maeda -Japanese film and television actress

1934- N. Scott Momaday -American author

1934- Ralph Nader -American lawyer and politician

1934- Van Williams -American actor

1935- Mirella Freni -Italian soprano

1935- Brian Heap -English biologist and academic

1935- Alan Jinkinson -English union leader

1935- Alberto Remedios -English tenor

1935- Uri Shulevitz -American author and illustrator

1936- Ron Barassi -Australian footballer and coach

1936- Roger Mahony -American cardinal

1937- Barbara Babcock -American actress

1937- Aslan Usoyan -Georgian-Russian mobster (d. 2013)

1938- Jake Thackray -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and journalist (d. 2002)

1939- José Cardona -Honduran footballer (d. 2013)

1939- Don McKinnon -New Zealand politician, 12th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand

1939- Peter Revson -American race car driver (d. 1974)

1939- Nguyen Chi Thien -Vietnamese-American poet (d. 2012)

1939- Antoinette Sibley -English ballerina

1940- Pierre Duchesne -Canadian politician, 28th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec

1940- Howard Hesseman -American actor

1940- Bill Hunter (actor)|Bill Hunter -Australian actor (d. 2011)

1941- Paddy Ashdown -Indian-English soldier and politician

1941- John Skehel -English virologist

1942- Jimmy Burns -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1942- Michel Forget -Canadian actor

1942- Robert H. Grubbs -American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate

1942- Charlayne Hunter-Gault -American journalist

1942- Klaus-Dieter Sieloff -German footballer (d. 2011)

1943- Mary Frann -American actress (d. 1998)

1943- Morten Lauridsen -American composer and conductor

1943- Carlos Alberto Parreira -Brazilian footballer and manager

1944- Ken Grimwood -American author (d. 2003)

1944- Graeme Pollock -South African cricketer

1944- Mal Ryder -Welsh-Italian singer

1944- Roger Scruton -English philosopher and author

1945- Carl Anderson (singer)|Carl Anderson -American singer and actor (d. 2004)

1945- Arnold Kanter -American academic and politician, United States Secretary of State (d. 2010)

1947- Alan Guth -American physicist and cosmologist

1947- Gidon Kremer -Latvian violinist and conductor

1948- Lois Snow-Mello -American politician

1949- Istvan Banyai -Hungarian-American illustrator and animator

1949- Rosalinda Galli -Italian voice actress

1949- Robert Paterson (bishop)|Robert Paterson -English bishop

1950- Gilla (singer)|Gilla -Austrian singer

1950- Julia Neuberger, Baroness Neuberger -English rabbi and politician

1950- Annabel Goldie -Scottish politician

1951- Lee Atwater -American politician (d. 1991)

1951- Steve Harley -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Cockney Rebel)

1951- Janet Steinbeck -Australian swimmer

1952- Stathis Psaltis -Greek actor

1953- Gavin Esler -Scottish journalist

1953- Ian Khama -English-Botswanan lieutenant and politician, 4th President of Botswana

1953- Yolande Moreau -Belgian actress and director

1953- Gabriela Svobodová -Czech skier

1954- JoAnn Falletta -American conductor

1954- Neal Schon -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Journey (band)|Journey, Santana (band)|Santana, Bad English, and Hardline (band)|Hardline)

1955- Peter Christopherson -English keyboard player, songwriter, and director (Coil (band)|Coil and Throbbing Gristle (d. 2010)

1955- Lou Hirsch -American actor

1956- Anne Veski -Estonian singer

1957- Danny Antonucci -Canadian animator, producer, and screenwriter

1957- Robert de Castella -Australian runner

1957- Adrian Smith -English guitarist and songwriter (Iron Maiden, ASAP (band)|ASAP, and Psycho Motel, and Urchin (band)|Urchin)

1957- Timothy Spall -English actor

1958- Naas Botha -South African rugby player

1958- Max Crivello -Italian illustrator

1958- Maggie Hassan -American politician, 81st Governor of New Hampshire

1958- Nancy Spungen -American murder victim, girlfriend of Sid Vicious (d. 1978)

1959- Johnny Van Zant -American singer-songwriter (Lynyrd Skynyrd and Van Zant)

1959- Vardan Petrosyan -Armenian-French actor and screenwriter

1960- Andrés Gómez -Ecuadorian tennis player

1960- Carson Yeung -Hong Kong businessman

1961- James Worthy -American basketball player

1962- Adam Baldwin -American actor

1962- Grant Show -American actor

1962- Robert Spencer (author)|Robert Spencer -American author and blogger

1963- Pär Nuder -Swedish politician

1964- Todd Bodine -American race car driver

1965- Noah Emmerich -American actor

1965- Frank Peter Zimmermann -German violinist

1965- Joey Calderazzo -American pianist

1965- Pedro Chaves -Portuguese race car driver

1966- Donal Logue -Canadian actor and director

1966- Baltasar Kormákur -Icelandic actor, director, and producer

1967- Jonathan Ive -English designer

1967- Dănuț Lupu -Romanian footballer

1968- Matt Stairs -Canadian baseball player

1969- Stuart MacBride -Scottish author

1970- Kent Desormeaux -American jockey

1970- Matthias Lechner -German set designer

1970- Goran Markov -Macedonian footballer

1970- Patricia Petibon -French soprano

1971- Sara Blakely -American businesswoman, founded Spanx

1971- Derren Brown -English magician

1971- Roman Giertych -Polish politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland

1971- Paul Hudson -English meteorologist

1971- Rozonda Thomas -American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (TLC (music)|TLC)

1972- Jennifer Lyon -American contestant on ''Survivor: Palau'' (d. 2010)

1973- Peter Andre -Australian singer-songwriter and actor

1973- Ali Tabatabaee -Iranian-American singer-songwriter (Zebrahead)

1973- Mark Taylor (rugby player)|Mark Taylor -Welsh rugby player

1974- Colin Edwards -American motorcycle racer

1974- Movlud Miraliyev -Uzbekistani-Azerbaijani martial artist

1974- Carte Goodwin -American lawyer and politician

1975- Nikita Gross -Czech-Russian porn actress and model

1975- Prodromos Korkizoglou -Greek decathlete

1975- Christopher B. Landon -American director and screenwriter

1975- Evgenia Manolidou -Greek composer and conductor

1976- Tony Gonzalez (tight end)|Tony Gonzalez -American football player

1976- Yukari Tamura -Japanese voice actress and singer

1976- Sergei Semak -Ukrainian-Russian footballer

1977- Ji Sung -South Korean actor

1977- James Wan -Malaysian-Australian director, producer, and screenwriter

1978- James Beattie (footballer)|James Beattie -English footballer

1978- Kakha Kaladze -Georgian footballer

1978- Innar Mändoja -Estonian cyclist

1978- Emelie Öhrstig -Swedish skier

1978- Yelena Vasilevskaya -Russian volleyball player

1979- Andreas Voss (footballer)|Andreas Voss -German footballer

1980- Bobby V -American singer-songwriter (Mista (band)|Mista)

1980- Brandon Beemer -American model and actor

1980- Chelsea Clinton -American journalist

1980- Don Diablo -Dutch singer-songwriter, DJ, and producer

1980- Scott Prince -Australian rugby player

1981- Evi Goffin -Belgian singer-songwriter (Lasgo)

1981- Josh Groban -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1981- Cameron Ling -Australian footballer

1981- Élodie Ouédraogo -Belgian sprinter

1981- Alessandro Rottoli -Italian footballer

1982- Ali Bastian -English actress

1982- Bruno Soares -Brazilian tennis player

1983- Duje Draganja -Croatian swimmer

1983- Devin Harris -American basketball player

1983- Hayley Holt (actress)|Hayley Holt -English actress and singer

1983- Kate Mara -American actress

1983- Mohammed Nabbous -Libyan journalist (d. 2011)

1983- Vítězslav Veselý -Czech javelin thrower

1984- David Noel -American basketball player

1984- Anibal Sanchez -American baseball player

1984- Lotta Schelin -Swedish footballer

1984- Antti Tuisku -Finnish singer

1985- Diniyar Bilyaletdinov -Russian footballer

1985- Braydon Coburn -Canadian ice hockey player

1985- Vladislav Kulik -Ukrainian-Russian footballer

1986- Yovani Gallardo -American baseball player

1986- Jonathan Moreira -Brazilian footballer

1986- Sandeep Singh -Indian field hockey player

1987- Kristian Marmor -Estonian footballer

1987- Sandy Paillot -French footballer

1988- Iain Ramsay -Australian footballer

1989- David Button -English footballer

1989- Matt Lapinskas -English actor

1989- Xiao Xun -Taiwanese singer and actress (Hey Girl (group)|Hey Girl)

1990- Megan Young -Filipina beauty queen, Miss World

1991- Azeem Rafiq -Pakistani cricketer

1992- Ty Dillon -American race car driver

1992- Meyers Leonard -American basketball player

1992- Ioannis Potouridis -Greek footballer

1992- Jonjo Shelvey -English footballer

1993- Alphonse Aréola -French-Filipino footballer

1994- Hou Yifan -Chinese chess player

1995- Laura Gulbe -Latvian tennis player

History of Deaths


640- Pepin of Landen|Pepin the Elder -Frankish politician (b. 580)

956- Patriarch Theophylact of Constantinople -(b. 917)

1659- Henry Dunster -English-American clergyman and academic (b. 1609)

1699- Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton -English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (b. 1625)

1706- John Evelyn -English author (b. 1620)

1720- Samuel Parris -English-American minister (b. 1653)

1735- John Arbuthnot -Scottish physician (b. 1667)

1795- Tanikaze Kajinosuke -Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1750)

1844- Nicholas Biddle (banker)|Nicholas Biddle -American banker (b. 1786)

1887- Alexander Borodin -Russian composer and chemist (b. 1833)

1892- Louis Vuitton (designer)|Louis Vuitton -French businessman, founded Louis Vuitton (b. 1821)

1902- Breaker Morant -English-Australian lieutenant (b. 1864)

1921- Schofield Haigh -English cricketer (b. 1871)

1928- Jürgen Kröger -German architect (b. 1856)

1931- Chandra Shekhar Azad -Indian activist (b. 1906)

1932- William Southam -Canadian publisher (b. 1843)

1936- Joshua W. Alexander -American politician (b. 1852)

1936- Ivan Pavlov -Russian physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1849)

1937- Emily Malbone Morgan -American saint, founded the Society of the Companions of the Holy Cross (b. 1862)

1941- William D. Byron -American politician (b. 1895)

1943- Kostis Palamas -Greek poet (b. 1859)

1956- Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar -Indian politician, 1st Speaker of the Lok Sabha (b. 1888)

1964- Orry-Kelly -Australian costume designer (b. 1897)

1968- Frankie Lymon -American singer-songwriter (The Teenagers) (b. 1942)

1969- Marius Barbeau -Canadian ethnographer (b. 1883)

1972- Pat Brady -American actor and singer (b. 1914)

1973- Bill Everett -American author and illustrator (b. 1917)

1975- Knut Kroon -Swedish footballer (b. 1906)

1977- John Dickson Carr -American author (b. 1905)

1978- Vadim Salmanov -Russian composer (b. 1912)

1980- George Tobias -American actor (b. 1901)

1981- Jacob H. Gilbert -American politician (b. 1920)

1985- Ray Ellington -English singer and drummer (b. 1916)

1985- Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. -American politician and diplomat, 3rd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1902)

1985- J. Pat O'Malley -English actor (b. 1904)

1986- Jacques Plante -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)

1987- Bill Holman (cartoonist)|Bill Holman -American cartoonist (b. 1903)

1987- Franciszek Blachnicki -Polish priest (b. 1921)

1987- Joan Greenwood -English actress and director (b. 1921)

1989- Paul Oswald Ahnert -German astronomer (b. 1897)

1989- Konrad Lorenz -Austrian zoologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel laureate (b. 1903)

1990- Nahum Norbert Glatzer -Ukrainian-American scholar and theologian (b. 1903)

1990- Josephine Johnson -American author (b. 1910)

1992- S. I. Hayakawa -Canadian-American linguist and politician (b. 1906)

1993- Lillian Gish -American actress (b. 1893)

1998- George H. Hitchings -American scientist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)

1998- J. T. Walsh -American actor (b. 1943)

1999- Horace Tapscott -American pianist and composer (b. 1934)

2002- Spike Milligan -Indian-Irish comedian, actor, and author (b. 1918)

2003- John Lanchbery -English-Australian composer and conductor (b. 1923)

2003- Fred Rogers -American television host (b. 1928)

2004- Yoshihiko Amino -Japanese historian (b. 1928)

2004- Paul Sweezy -American economist (b. 1910)

2006- Otis Chandler -American publisher (b. 1927)

2006- Robert Lee Scott, Jr. -American general and author (b. 1908)

2006- Linda Smith (comedian)|Linda Smith -English comedian and author (b. 1958)

2007- Bobby Rosengarden -American drummer (b. 1924)

2007- Bernd Freytag von Loringhoven -German general (b. 1914)

2008- Ivan Rebroff -German singer (b. 1931)

2008- William F. Buckley, Jr. -American author and journalist, founded the ''National Review'' (b. 1925)

2008- Boyd Coddington -American motorcycle designer (b. 1944)

2008- Myron Cope -American sportscaster (b. 1929)

2010- Nanaji Deshmukh -Indian activist (b. 1916)

2010- Madeleine Ferron -Canadian author (b. 1922)

2011- Frank Buckles -American soldier (b. 1901)

2011- Duke Snider -American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1926)

2012- Ely Bielutin -Russian painter (b. 1925)

2012- Vince Dantona -American ventriloquist (b. 1949)

2012- Ma Jiyuan -Chinese general (b. 1921)

2012- Tina Strobos -Dutch physician and psychiatrist (b. 1920)

2012- Helga Vlahović -Croatian journalist and producer (b. 1945)

2013- María Asquerino -Spanish actress (b. 1925)

2013- Van Cliburn -American pianist (b. 1934)

2013- Ramon Dekkers -Dutch mixed martial artist and kick-boxer (b. 1969)

2013- Stéphane Hessel -German-French diplomat and author (b. 1917)

2013- Richard Street -American singer-songwriter (The Temptations and The Monitors (American band)|The Monitors) (b. 1942)

2013- Adolfo Zaldívar -Chilean lawyer and politician (b. 1943)

2013- Imants Ziedonis -Latvian poet (b. 1933)

2014- Aaron Allston -American game designer and author (b. 1960)

2014- Jan Hoet -Belgian curator and critic (b. 1936)

2014- Tim Kehoe -American chemist and author (b. 1970)

2014- Huber Matos -Cuban-American activist (b. 1918)

2014- Terry Rand -American basketball player (b. 1934)

2014- Wilford Scypion -American boxer (b. 1958)

2014- Vicente T. Ximenes -American activist (b. 1919)