This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-18

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

14- Tiberius -is confirmed as Roman emperor by the Roman Senate following the natural death of Augustus

96- Nerva -is proclaimed Roman emperor after Domitian is assassinated.

324- Constantine the Great -decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire.

1180- Philip Augustus -becomes king of France.

1454-In the Battle of Chojnice -the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic Knights|Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War (1454–66)|Thirteen Years' War.

1502- Christopher Columbus -lands at Honduras on his fourth, and final, voyage.

1635- Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor|Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria -declares war on France.

1679- New Hampshire -becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1714- George I of Great Britain|George I -arrives in Great Britain for the first time since becoming king on August 1st.

1739-The Treaty of Belgrade -is signed, ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire.

1759- Seven Years' War -The British capture Quebec City.

1793-The first cornerstone of the United States Capitol|Capitol building -is laid by George Washington.

1809-The Royal Opera House -in London opens.

1810- Government Junta of Chile (1810)|First Government Junta -in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.

1812- Fire of Moscow (1812)|The 1812 Fire of Moscow -dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from the Petrovsky Palace to the Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.

1837- Tiffany and Co. -(first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and Teddy Young in New York City. The store is called a "stationery and fancy goods emporium".

1838-The Anti-Corn Law League -is established by Richard Cobden.

1850-The United States Congress|U.S. Congress -passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.

1851-First publication of ''The New-York Daily Times'', which later becomes '' The New York Times -'.

1870- Old Faithful Geyser -is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expedition to Yellowstone.

1872-King Oscar II of Sweden|Oscar II -accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.

1873- Panic of 1873 -The U.S. bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures.

1882-The Pacific Stock Exchange -opens.

1889- Hull House -the United States' most influential settlement house, opens in Chicago.

1895- Booker T. Washington -delivers the "Atlanta compromise" address.

1895- Daniel David Palmer -gives the first chiropractic adjustment.

1898- Fashoda Incident -Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener|Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan.

1906-A typhoon -with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.

1910-In Amsterdam -25,000 demonstrate for general suffrage.

1911-Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin -is shot at the Kiev Opera House.

1914-The Home Rule Act 1914|Irish Home Rule Act -becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.

1914- World War I -South African troops land in German South West Africa.

1919-The Netherlands gives women the women's suffrage|right to vote -

1919- Fritz Pollard -becomes the first African American to play professional Football (American)|football for a major team, the Akron Pros.

1922-Hungary is admitted to the League of Nations -

1927-The Columbia Broadcasting System -goes on the air.

1928- Juan de la Cierva -makes the first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.

1931-The Mukden Incident -gives Japan the pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.

1934-The USSR -is admitted to the League of Nations.

1939- World War II -Second Polish Republic|Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Kingdom of Romania|Romania.

1939-The Nazi -propaganda broadcaster known as Lord Haw-Haw begins transmitting.

1940-The British liner {{SS|City of Benares}} is sunk by German submarine U-48 (1939)|German submarine U-48 -those killed include 77 child refugees.

1943-World War II: The Jews of Minsk -are massacred at Sobibor extermination camp|Sobibór.

1943-World War II: Adolf Hitler -orders the deportation of Danish Jews.

1944-World War II: The British submarine -{{HMS|Tradewind|P329|6}} torpedoes ''Jun'yō Maru'', 5,600 killed.

1945-General Douglas MacArthur -moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.

1947-The United States Air Force -becomes an independent branch of the United States armed forces.

1947-The National Security Council -and the Central Intelligence Agency are established in the United States under the National Security Act of 1947|National Security Act.

1948- Operation Polo -is terminated after the Indian Army accepts the surrender of Nizam's Army.

1948- Communist -Madiun uprising in Dutch Indies.

1948- Margaret Chase Smith -of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator's term, when she defeats Democratic Party of the United States|Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten.

1959- Vanguard 3 -is launched into Earth orbit.

1960- Fidel Castro -arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.

1961-U.N. Secretary-General -Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the war-torn Katanga Province|Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

1962- Burundi -Jamaica, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations.

1964- Constantine II of Greece -marries Queen Anne-Marie of Greece|Danish princess Anne-Marie.

1964- North Vietnamese Army -begins infiltration of South Vietnam.

1973- The Bahamas -East Germany and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.

1974- Hurricane Fifi -strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.

1975- Patty Hearst -is arrested after a year on the FBI Most Wanted List.

1977- Voyager I -takes first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.

1980- Soyuz 38 -carries two cosmonauts (including one Cubans|Cuban) to Salyut 6|Salyut 6 space station.

1981- Assemblée Nationale -votes to abolish capital punishment in France.

1982-Christian militia -begin killing six-hundred Palestinians in Lebanon.

1984- Joe Kittinger -completes the first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.

1987- Jerzy Kukuczka -becomes the second mountaineer to summit all 14 Eight-thousanders.

1988-End of 8888 Uprising|pro-democracy uprisings -in Myanmar after a bloody military coup by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students), are killed by the Myanmar Armed Forces|Tatmadaw.

1990- Liechtenstein -becomes a member of the United Nations.

1991- Yugoslavia -begins a naval blockade of seven Adriatic port cities.

1992-An explosion rocks Giant Mine -at the height of a labor dispute, killing nine replacement workers.

1997-United States media magnate Ted Turner -donates US$1 billion to the United Nations.

1998- ICANN -is formed.

2001-First mailing of anthrax -letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

2007- Pervez Musharraf -announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.

2007- Bhikkhu|Buddhist monks -join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests|Saffron Revolution.

2009-The 72-year run of the soap opera '' The Guiding Light -' ends as its final episode is broadcast.

2013- Cygnus Orb-D1 -is launched into space.

2014- Scotland -Scottish independence referendum, 2014|votes against independence from the United Kingdom.

Famous Birthdays

53- Trajan -Roman emperor (d. 117)

1344- Marie of Valois, Duchess of Bar -(d. 1404)

1434- Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress -(d. 1467)

1587- Francesca Caccini -Italian singer-songwriter and lute player (d. 1640)

1643- Gilbert Burnet -Scottish bishop, historian, and theologian (d. 1715)

1676- Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg -(d. 1733)

1684- Johann Gottfried Walther -German organist and composer (d. 1748)

1709- Samuel Johnson -English lexicographer and author (d. 1784)

1711- Ignaz Holzbauer -Austrian composer (d. 1783)

1733- George Read (U.S. statesman)|George Read -American lawyer and politician, 3rd List of Governors of Delaware|Governor of Delaware (d. 1798)

1750- Tomás de Iriarte y Oropesa -Spanish poet and playwright (d. 1791)

1752- Adrien-Marie Legendre -French mathematician and theorist (d. 1833)

1765- Pope Gregory XVI -(d. 1846)

1779- Joseph Story -American lawyer and jurist (d. 1845)

1786- Christian VIII of Denmark -(d. 1848)

1786- Justinus Kerner -German poet and author (d. 1862)

1812- Herschel Vespasian Johnson -American lawyer and politician, 41st Governor of Georgia (d. 1880)

1819- Léon Foucault -French physicist (d. 1868)

1837- Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos -Portuguese archbishop (d. 1880)

1838- Anton Mauve -Dutch painter (d. 1888)

1846- Richard With -Norwegian captain, businessman, and politician, founded Vesteraalens Dampskibsselskab (d. 1930)

1848- Francis Grierson -English-American pianist and composer (d. 1927)

1852- Clement Lindley Wragge -English-Australian meteorologist and public servant (d. 1922)

1857- John Hessin Clarke -American lawyer and judge (d. 1945)

1858- Kate Booth -English Salvation Army officer (d. 1955)

1859- John L. Bates -American lawyer and politician, 41st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)

1859- Lincoln Loy McCandless -American businessman and politician (d. 1940)

1860- Alberto Franchetti -Italian-American composer and educator (d. 1942)

1870- Clark Wissler -American anthropologist, author, and educator (d. 1947)

1872- Carl Friedberg -German-Italian pianist and educator (d. 1955)

1874- Georges Lumpp -French rower (d. 1934)

1875- Tomás Burgos -Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)

1876- James Scullin -Australian journalist and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)

1878- James O. Richardson -American admiral (d. 1974)

1883- Gerald Tyrwhitt-Wilson, 14th Baron Berners -English composer, author, and painter (d. 1950)

1885- Uzeyir Hajibeyov -Azerbaijani composer, conductor, and playwright (d. 1948)

1888- Grey Owl -English-Canadian environmentalist and author (d. 1938)

1888- Toni Wolff -Swiss psychologist and author (d. 1953)

1889- Doris Blackburn -Australian politician (d. 1970)

1889- Leslie Morshead -Australian general, businessman, and educator (d. 1959)

1893- Arthur Benjamin -Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1960)

1893- William March -American soldier and author (d. 1954)

1894- Fay Compton -English actress (d. 1978)

1895- John Diefenbaker -Canadian lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1979)

1895- Walter Koch (astrologer)|Walter Koch -German astrologer and author (d. 1970)

1895- Tomoji Tanabe -Japanese super-centenarian (d. 2009)

1897- Pablo Sorozábal -Spanish composer and conductor (d. 1988)

1900- Willis Laurence James -American violinist and educator (d. 1966)

1900- Seewoosagur Ramgoolam -Mauritian philanthropist and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Mauritius (d. 1985)

1901- Harold Clurman -American director and producer (d. 1980)

1904- Bun Cook -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1988)

1904- David Eccles, 1st Viscount Eccles -English politician, Secretary of State for Education (d. 1999)

1905- Eddie "Rochester" Anderson -American actor and singer (d. 1977)

1905- Agnes de Mille -American dancer and choreographer (d. 1993)

1905- Greta Garbo -Swedish-American actress and singer (d. 1990)

1906- Julio Rosales -Filipino cardinal (d. 1983)

1906- Kaka Hathrasi -Indian poet and author (d. 1995)

1907- Leon Askin -Austrian actor (d. 2005)

1907- Edwin McMillan -American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)

1908- Victor Ambartsumian -Georgian-Armenian astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic (d. 1996)

1910- Bernard Kangro -Estonian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1994)

1910- Josef Tal -Israeli pianist and composer (d. 2008)

1911- Syd Howe -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)

1911- Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty -Irish ufologist and politician (d. 1995)

1912- María de la Cruz -Chilean journalist and activist (d. 1995)

1912- Kurt Lotz -German businessman (d. 2005)

1914- Jack Cardiff -English director, cinematographer, and photographer (d. 2009)

1916- Frank Bell (educator)|Frank Bell -English soldier and educator (d. 1989)

1916- Rossano Brazzi -Italian actor, singer, director, and screenwriter (d. 1994)

1916- John Jacob Rhodes -American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)

1917- June Foray -American voice actress and singer

1917- Phil Taylor (footballer)|Phil Taylor -English footballer and manager (d. 2012)

1917- Francis Parker Yockey -American lawyer and philosopher (d. 1960)

1919- Tommy Hunter (fiddler)|Tommy Hunter -American fiddler (d. 1993)

1920- Jack Warden -American actor (d. 2006)

1922- Grayson Hall -American actress (d. 1985)

1922- Ray Steadman-Allen -English composer

1923- Peter Smithson -English architect, co-designed Robin Hood Gardens (d. 2003)

1923- Bertha Wilson -Scottish-Canadian jurist, 60th List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada|Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada (d. 2007)

1924- J. D. Tippit -American police officer (d. 1963)

1925- Harvey Haddix -American baseball player and coach (d. 1994)

1925- Dorothy Wedderburn -English economist and academic (d. 2012)

1926- Bud Greenspan -American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)

1926- Joe Kubert -American author and illustrator, founded The Kubert School (d. 2012)

1926- Bob Toski -American golfer and coach

1927- Phyllis Kirk -American actress (d. 2006)

1927- Muriel Turner, Baroness Turner of Camden -English politician

1929- Teddi King -American singer (d. 1977)

1929- Nancy Littlefield -American director and producer (d. 2007)

1931- Julio Grondona -Argentinian businessman (d. 2014)

1932- Nikolay Rukavishnikov -Russian physicist and astronaut (d. 2002)

1933- Bob Bennett (politician)|Bob Bennett -American soldier and politician

1933- Robert Blake (actor)|Robert Blake -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1933- Scotty Bowman -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1933- Leonid Mikhailovich Kharitonov -Russian opera singer

1933- Christopher Ricks -English scholar and critic

1933- Charles Roach -Trinidadian-Canadian lawyer and activist (d. 2012)

1933- Jimmie Rodgers (pop singer)|Jimmie Rodgers -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1935- Peter Clarke (cartoonist)|Peter Clarke -English cartoonist (d. 2012)

1935- John Spencer (snooker player)|John Spencer -English snooker player and sportscaster (d. 2006)

1936- Big Tom -Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Big Tom and The Mainliners)

1937- Ralph Backstrom -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1938- Billy Robinson -English-American wrestler and trainer (d. 2014)

1939- Gerry Harvey -Australian businessman, co-founded Harvey Norman

1939- Jorge Sampaio -Portuguese lawyer and politician, 18th President of Portugal

1939- Fred Willard -American actor

1939- Jan Camiel Willems -Belgian mathematician and theorist (d. 2013)

1940- Frankie Avalon -American singer and actor

1942- Gabriella Ferri -Italian singer (d. 2004)

1942- Alex Stepney -English footballer

1944- Satan's Angel -American dancer

1944- Michael Franks (musician)|Michael Franks -American singer-songwriter

1944- Rocío Jurado -Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)

1944- Charles L. Veach -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1995)

1945- P. F. Sloan -American singer-songwriter and producer

1945- John McAfee -Scottish-American computer programmer, founded McAfee

1946- Benjamín Brea -Spanish-Venezuelan saxophonist, clarinet player, and conductor (Los Cañoneros) (d. 2014)

1946- Nicholas Clay -English actor (d. 2000)

1946- Kelvin Coe -Australian ballet dancer (d. 1992)

1946- Billy Drago -American actor and producer

1946- Meredith Oakes -Australian-English playwright

1946- Otis Sistrunk -American football player and wrestler

1947- Russ Abbot -English comedian, actor, and singer

1947- Drew Gilpin Faust -American historian and academic

1947- Giancarlo Minardi -Italian businessman, founded the Minardi|Minardi Racing Team

1948- Lynn Abbey -American computer programmer and author

1948- Rodger Beckman -American baseball player and radio host

1948- Ken Brett -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2003)

1948- Christopher Skase -Australian businessman (d. 2001)

1949- Kerry Livgren -American guitarist and songwriter (Kansas (band)|Kansas, AD (band)|AD, and Proto-Kaw)

1949- Jim McCrery -American lawyer and politician

1949- Mo Mowlam -English politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office (d. 2005)

1949- Peter Shilton -English footballer and manager

1950- Vishnuvardhan (actor)|Vishnuvardhan -Indian actor

1950- Shabana Azmi -Indian actress and singer

1950- Siobhan Davies -English dancer and choreographer

1950- Chris Heister -Swedish politician, Governor of Stockholm County

1950- Darryl Sittler -Canadian ice hockey player

1950- Anna Deavere Smith -American actress and playwright

1951- Ben Carson -American neurosurgeon and author

1951- Dee Dee Ramone -American singer-songwriter and bass player (Ramones) (d. 2002)

1951- Tony Scott (baseball)|Tony Scott -American baseball player and coach

1951- Darryl Stingley -American football player (d. 2007)

1951- Marc Surer -Swiss race car driver

1952- Giorgos Dimitrakopoulos -Greek politician

1952- Rick Pitino -American basketball player and coach

1953- Carl Jackson -American singer-songwriter and producer

1953- John McGlinn -American conductor and historian (d. 2009)

1954- Murtaza Bhutto -Pakistani politician (d. 1996)

1954- Takao Doi -Japanese engineer and astronaut

1954- Dennis Johnson -American basketball player and coach (d. 2007)

1954- Steven Pinker -Canadian-American psychologist, linguist, and author

1954- Tommy Tuberville -American football player and coach

1955- Paul Butler (bishop)|Paul Butler -English bishop

1955- Keith Morris -American singer-songwriter (Black Flag (band)|Black Flag, Circle Jerks, and Off! (band)|Off!)

1955- Bob Papenbrook -American voice actor (d. 2006)

1956- Chris Hedges -American journalist and author

1956- Tim McInnerny -English actor

1956- Peter Šťastný -Slovak ice hockey player and politician

1957- Emily Remler -American guitarist (d. 1990)

1958- John Aldridge -English-Irish footballer and manager

1958- Don Geronimo -American radio host

1958- Linda Lusardi -English model and actress

1958- Derek Pringle -Kenyan-English cricketer and journalist

1958- Joan Walsh -American journalist and blogger

1959- Ian Arkwright -English footballer

1959- Mark Romanek -American director and screenwriter

1959- Ryne Sandberg -American baseball player, coach, and manager

1960- Stephen Flaherty -American composer

1960- Ian Lucas -English lawyer and politician

1961- James Gandolfini -American actor (d. 2013)

1961- Konstantin Kakanias -Greek-American painter

1961- Mark Olson (musician)|Mark Olson -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Jayhawks and Original Harmony Ridge Creekdippers)

1961- Lori and George Schappell -American conjoined twins

1962- Joanne Catherall -English singer (The Human League)

1962- John Fashanu -English footballer and manager

1962- John Mann (musician)|John Mann -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (Spirit of the West)

1962- Aden Ridgeway -Australian politician

1962- Boris Said -American race car driver

1963- Jim Pocklington -English race car driver

1963- John Powell (composer)|John Powell -English-Canadian composer and conductor

1964- Jens Henschel -German footballer

1964- Marco Masini -Italian singer-songwriter

1964- Holly Robinson Peete -American actress and singer

1966- Tom Chorske -American ice hockey player and sportscaster

1967- Ricky Bell (singer)|Ricky Bell -American singer (New Edition and Bell Biv DeVoe)

1967- Tara Fitzgerald -English actress

1968- Upendra -Indian actor, singer, director, and screenwriter

1968- Toni Kukoč -Croatian basketball player

1969- Cappadonna -American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan and Theodore Unit)

1970- Mike Compton (American football)|Mike Compton -American football player and coach

1970- Dan Eldon -English photographer and journalist (d. 1993)

1970- Darren Gough -English cricketer

1970- Aisha Tyler -American actress, television host, and author

1971- Lance Armstrong -American cyclist and activist, founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation

1971- Anna Netrebko -Russian-Austrian soprano and actress

1971- Jada Pinkett Smith -American actress and singer (Wicked Wisdom)

1972- Brigitte Becue -Belgian swimmer

1972- Adam Cohen (musician)|Adam Cohen -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Low Millions)

1972- David Jefferies -English motorcycle racer (d. 2003)

1972- Michael Landes -American actor and producer

1972- Iain Stewart (politician)|Iain Stewart -Scottish politician

1973- Paul Brousseau -Canadian ice hockey player

1973- James Marsden -American actor and singer

1973- Ami Onuki -Japanese singer and voice actress (Puffy AmiYumi)

1973- Mark Shuttleworth -South African-English businessman, founded Canonical Ltd.

1973- Aitor Karanka -Spanish footballer and manager

1974- Xzibit -American rapper and actor (Likwit Crew)

1974- Sol Campbell -English footballer

1974- Andrew Hansen -Australian comedian, singer, and screenwriter

1974- Damon Jones (American football)|Damon Jones -American football player and coach

1974- Ticha Penicheiro -Portuguese basketball player

1974- Travis Schuldt -American actor

1975- Kanstantsin Lukashyk -Belarusian target shooter

1975- Jason Sudeikis -American actor and screenwriter

1975- Guillermo Vargas -Costa Rican photographer and painter

1976- Ronaldo -Brazilian footballer

1976- Gabriel Gervais -Canadian soccer player

1977- Li Tie -Chinese footballer and manager

1977- Kieran West -English rower

1978- Iain Lees-Galloway -New Zealand politician

1978- Pilar López de Ayala -Spanish actress

1978- Ryan Lowe -English footballer

1978- Augustine Simo -Cameroonian footballer

1979- Daniel Aranzubia -Spanish footballer

1979- Alison Lohman -American actress

1979- Vinay Rai -Indian model and actor

1979- Simon Trpčeski -Macedonian pianist

1980- Jonathan Biss -American pianist and educator

1980- Mickey Higham -English rugby player

1980- Avi Strool -Israeli footballer

1980- Chris Tarrant (footballer)|Chris Tarrant -Australian footballer

1980- Petri Virtanen -Finnish basketball player

1981- JeA (singer)|JeA -South Korean singer-songwriter and producer (Brown Eyed Girls)

1981- Nicole da Silva -Australian actress

1981- Sebastián Decoud -Argentinian tennis player

1981- Jennifer Tisdale -American actress and singer

1981- Kristaps Valters -Latvian basketball player

1982- Alessandro Cibocchi -Italian footballer

1982- Arvydas Eitutavičius -Lithuanian basketball player

1982- Alfredo Talavera -Mexican footballer

1983- Kevin Doyle -Irish footballer

1984- Jack Carpenter (actor)|Jack Carpenter -American actor

1984- Dashon Goldson -American football player

1984- Anthony Gonzalez -American football player

1985- Tarah Gieger -Puerto Rican motocross racer

1986- Keeley Hazell -English model and actress

1987- Jinkx Monsoon -American drag queen performer

1988- Asher Monroe -American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (V Factory)

1988- Annette Obrestad -Norwegian poker player

1989- Serge Ibaka -Congolese-Spanish basketball player

1990- Lewis Holtby -German footballer

1992- Amber Liu (singer)|Amber Liu -American-South Korean actress, singer, and dancer (f(x) (band)|f(x))

1993- Patrick Schwarzenegger -American model and actor

History of Deaths

96- Domitian -Roman emperor (b. 51)

411- Constantine III (Western Roman Emperor)|Constantine III -Roman general and emperor

887- Pietro I Candiano -Italian 16th Doge of Venice (b. 842)

1180- Louis VII of France -(b. 1120)

1598- Toyotomi Hideyoshi -Japanese daimyo (b. 1536)

1630- Melchior Klesl -Austrian cardinal (b. 1552)

1675- Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine -(b. 1604)

1721- Matthew Prior -English poet, politician, and diplomat, List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to France|British Ambassador to France (b. 1664)

1722- André Dacier -French scholar (b. 1651)

1783- Leonhard Euler -Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1707)

1783- Benjamin Kennicott -English theologian and scholar (b. 1718)

1792- August Gottlieb Spangenberg -German bishop and theologian (b. 1704)

1830- William Hazlitt -English philosopher, painter, and critic (b. 1778)

1857- Karol Kurpiński -Polish composer and conductor (b. 1785)

1860- Joseph Locke -English engineer and politician (b. 1805)

1872- Charles XV of Sweden -(b. 1826)

1890- Dion Boucicault -Irish-American actor and playwright (b. 1820)

1896- Hippolyte Fizeau -French physicist (b. 1819)

1905- George MacDonald -Scottish minister, author, and poet (b. 1824)

1909- Grigore Tocilescu -Romanian archaeologist and historian (b. 1850)

1911- Pyotr Stolypin -Russian politician, 3rd List of heads of government of Russia|Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1862)

1924- F. H. Bradley -English philosopher and author (b. 1846)

1931- Geli Raubal -Austrian niece of Adolf Hitler (b. 1908)

1939- Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz -Polish author, painter, and photographer (b. 1885)

1941- Fred Karno -English actor and screenwriter (b. 1866)

1944- Robert G. Cole -American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1915)

1949- Frank Morgan -American actor and singer (b. 1890)

1951- Gelett Burgess -American author and poet (b. 1866)

1952- Frances Alda -New Zealand-Australian soprano (b. 1879)

1953- Charles de Tornaco -Belgian race car driver (b. 1927)

1954- Johannes Drost -Dutch swimmer (b. 1880)

1956- Adélard Godbout -Canadian agronomist and politician, 15th List of Quebec premiers|Premier of Quebec (b. 1892)

1958- Olaf Gulbransson -Norwegian painter and illustrator (b. 1873)

1959- Benjamin Péret -French poet and journalist (b. 1899)

1961- Dag Hammarskjöld -Swedish economist and diplomat, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)

1962- Therese Neumann -German mystic (b. 1898)

1964- Clive Bell -English philosopher and critic (b. 1881)

1964- Seán O'Casey -Irish-English author and playwright (b. 1880)

1967- John Cockcroft -English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)

1968- Franchot Tone -American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1905)

1970- Jimi Hendrix -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Jimi Hendrix Experience and Jimmy James and the Blue Flames) (b. 1942)

1977- Paul Bernays -English-Swiss mathematician and philosopher (b. 1888)

1980- Katherine Anne Porter -American journalist and author (b. 1890)

1987- Américo Tomás -Portuguese admiral and politician, 14th President of Portugal (b. 1894)

1992- Mohammad Hidayatullah -Indian lawyer, judge, and politician, 6th Vice President of India (b. 1905)

1995- Oleh Tverdokhlib -Ukrainian hurdler (b. 1969)

1997- Jimmy Witherspoon -American singer (b. 1920)

1998- Charlie Foxx -American singer and guitarist (Inez and Charlie Foxx) (b. 1939)

2001- Ernie Coombs -American-Canadian television host (b. 1927)

2002- Bob Hayes -American sprinter and football player (b. 1942)

2002- Mauro Ramos -Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1930)

2002- Margita Stefanović -Serbian keyboard player (Ekatarina Velika) (b. 1959)

2003- Emil Fackenheim -German rabbi and philosopher (b. 1916)

2003- Bob Mitchell (British politician)|Bob Mitchell -English politician (b. 1927)

2004- Norman Cantor -Canadian-American historian and educator (b. 1929)

2004- Russ Meyer -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)

2005- Michael Park (co-driver)|Michael Park -English race car driver (b. 1966)

2005- Clint C. Wilson, Sr. -American cartoonist (b. 1914)

2006- Edward J. King -American football player, lawyer, and politician, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1925)

2007- Pepsi Tate -Welsh bass player and producer (Tigertailz) (b. 1965)

2008- Leo de Berardinis -Italian actor and director (b. 1940)

2008- Mauricio Kagel -Argentinian-German composer (b. 1931)

2008- Ron Lancaster -American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1938)

2012- Santiago Carrillo -Spanish politician (b. 1915)

2012- Leo Goeke -American tenor and actor (b. 1937)

2012- Haim Hefer -Polish-Israeli songwriter and poet (b. 1925)

2012- Jack Kralick -American baseball player (b. 1935)

2012- Steve Sabol -American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (b. 1942)

2012- Deputed Testamony -American race horse (b. 1980)

2013- Veliyam Bharghavan -Indian politician (b. 1928)

2013- Lindsay Cooper -English bassoon player and composer (Henry Cow, News from Babel, and Feminist Improvising Group) (b. 1951)

2013- Johnny Laboriel -Mexican singer (b. 1942)

2013- Arthur Lamothe -French-Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)

2013- Ken Norton -American boxer and actor (b. 1943)

2013- Marcel Reich-Ranicki -Polish-German author and critic (b. 1920)

2013- Richard C. Sarafian -American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1930)

2014- Milan Marcetta -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1936)

2014- Earl Ross -Canadian race car driver (b. 1941)

2014- Hirofumi Uzawa -Japanese economist and academic (b. 1928)

2014- Kenny Wheeler -Canadian-English trumpet player and composer (Azimuth (band)|Azimuth) (b. 1930)