This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-9

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


9- Arminius -alliance of six Germanic peoples|Germanic tribes ambushes and annihilates three Roman legions of Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.

337- Constantine II (emperor)|Constantine II -Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine the Great|Constantine I as co-emperors. The Roman Empire is divided between the three Augustus (title)|Augusti.

533-A Byzantine army -of 15,000 men under Belisarius lands at Chebba|Caput Vada (modern Tunisia) and marches to Carthage.

1000- Battle of Svolder -Viking Age.

1087- William Rufus -becomes King of England, taking the title William II of England|William II, (reigned until 1100).

1141- Yelü Dashi -the Liao dynasty general who founded the Kara-Khitan Khanate|Qara-Khitai, defeats the Seljuk Empire|Seljuq and Kara-Khanid Khanate|Kara-Khanid forces at the Battle of Qatwan.

1379- Treaty of Neuberg -splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg dukes Albert III, Duke of Austria|Albert III and Leopold III, Duke of Austria|Leopold III.

1493- Battle of Krbava Field -a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatia in the union with Hungary|Croatian struggle against the invasion by the Ottoman Empire.

1513- James IV of Scotland -is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.

1543- Mary, Queen of Scots|Mary Stuart -at nine months old, is coronation|crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.

1561-The ultimately unsuccessful Colloquy at Poissy -opens in an effort to reconcile Roman Catholicism in France|French Catholics and Huguenots|Protestants.

1739- Stono Rebellion -the largest slave uprising in Britain's mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.

1776-The Continental Congress -officially names its new Political union|union of sovereignty|sovereign states the United States.

1791- Washington, D.C. -the capital of the United States, is named after President George Washington.

1801- Alexander I of Russia -confirms the privileges of Baltic governorates|Baltic provinces.

1839- John Herschel -takes the first glass plate photograph.

1850- California -is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.

1850-The Compromise of 1850 -transfers a third of Texas's claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) to federal control in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.

1855- Crimean War -The Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55)|Siege of Sevastopol comes to an end when Russian forces abandon the city.

1863- American Civil War -The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1886-The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works -is finalized.

1914- World War I -The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.

1922-The Greco-Turkish War (1919–22)|Greco-Turkish War -effectively ends with Turkish victory over the Greeks in Smyrna.

1923- Mustafa Kemal Atatürk -the founder of the Turkey|Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party (Turkey)|Republican People's Party.

1924- Hanapepe massacre -occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.

1926-In the United States the NBC|National Broadcasting Company -is formed.

1939- World War II -The Battle of Hel begins, the longest-defended pocket of Polish Army resistance during the German invasion of Poland.

1939-Burmese national hero U Ottama -dies in prison after a hunger strike to protest Britain's British rule in Burma|colonial government.

1940- George Stibitz -pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.

1940- Treznea massacre -The Hungarian Army, supported by Hungarians in Romania|local Hungarians kill 93 Romanians|Romanian civilians in Treznea, a village in Northern Transylvania, as part of attempts to ethnic cleansing.

1942-World War II: A Empire of Japan|Japan -se floatplane Lookout Air Raids|drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.

1943-World War II: The Allies of World War II|Allies -land at Operation Avalanche|Salerno and Operation Slapstick|Taranto, Italy.

1944-World War II: The Fatherland Front (Bulgaria)|Fatherland Front -takes power in Kingdom of Bulgaria|Bulgaria Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944|through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet Union|Soviet government is established.

1945- Second Sino-Japanese War -The Empire of Japan formally surrenders to Republic of China (1912–49)|China.

1947-First case of a computer bug -being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.

1948- Kim Il-sung -declares the establishment of the North Korea|Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

1956- Elvis Presley -appears on ''The Ed Sullivan Show'' for the first time.

1965-The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development -is established.

1965- Hurricane Betsy -makes its second landfall near New Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.

1966-The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act -is signed into law by President of the United States|U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1969- Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 -Douglas DC-9|DC-9 collides in flight with a Piper Cherokee|Piper PA-28 and crashes near Fairland, Indiana|Fairland, Indiana.

1969-In Canada, the Official Languages Act (Canada)|Official Languages Act -comes into force, making French language|French equal to English language|English throughout the Federal government.

1970-A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine -and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.

1971-The four-day Attica Prison riot -begins, eventually resulting in 39 dead, most killed by New York State Police|state troopers retaking the Attica Correctional Facility|prison.

1972-In Kentucky -s Mammoth Cave National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team discovers a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.

1990- 1990 Batticaloa massacre -massacre of 184 minority Tamil people|Tamil civilians by Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka.

1991- Tajikistan -declares independence from the Soviet Union.

1993-The Palestine Liberation Organization -officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.

1999- Sega -releases the first 128-bit video game console, the Dreamcast.

2001- Ahmad Shah Massoud -leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan by two al-Qaeda assassins who claimed to be Arab journalists wanting an interview.

2001- Pärnu methanol tragedy -occurs in Pärnu County, Estonia.

2001-The Unix time#Notable events in Unix time|Unix billenium -is reached, marking the beginning of the use of 10-digit decimal Unix time stamps.

2009-The Dubai Metro -the first urban train network in the Arabian Peninsula, is ceremonially inaugurated.

2012-The Indian Space Research Organisation|Indian space agency -puts into orbit its SPOT_(satellite)#SPOT_6_and_SPOT_7|heaviest foreign satellite yet, in a streak of 21 consecutive successful Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle|PLSV launches.

2012-A 9 September 2012 Iraq attacks|wave of attacks -kill more than 100 people and injure 350 others across Iraq.

Famous Birthdays


214- Aurelian -Roman emperor (d. 275)

384- Honorius (emperor)|Honorius -Roman emperor (d. 423)

1349- Albert III, Duke of Austria -(d. 1395)

1427- Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros -English soldier and politician (d. 1464)

1466- Ashikaga Yoshitane -Japanese shogun (d. 1523)

1558- Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur -(d. 1602)

1585- Cardinal Richelieu -French cardinal (d. 1642)

1629- Cornelis Tromp -Dutch general (d. 1691)

1700- Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt -(d. 1780)

1711- Thomas Hutchinson (governor)|Thomas Hutchinson -American historian and politician, List of colonial governors of Massachusetts|Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1780)

1721- Fredrik Henrik af Chapman -Swedish admiral and shipbuilder (d. 1808)

1731- Francisco Javier Clavijero -Mexican priest, historian, and scholar (d. 1787)

1737- Luigi Galvani -Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798)

1754- William Bligh -English admiral and politician, 4th Governor of New South Wales (d. 1817)

1755- Benjamin Bourne -American jurist and politician (d. 1808)

1777- James Carr (Massachusetts politician)|James Carr -American politician (d. 1818)

1778- Clemens Brentano -German poet and author (d. 1842)

1807- Richard Chenevix Trench -Irish-English archbishop and philologist (d. 1886)

1823- Joseph Leidy -American paleontologist (d. 1891)

1828- Leo Tolstoy -Russian author and playwright (d. 1910)

1834- Joseph Henry Shorthouse -English author (d. 1903)

1839- Devil Anse Hatfield -American Guerrilla warfare|guerrilla leader (d. 1921)

1853- Fred Spofforth -Australian-English cricketer (d. 1926)

1855- Houston Stewart Chamberlain -English-German philosopher and author (d. 1927)

1855- Anthony Francis Lucas -Croatian-American engineer and explorer (d. 1921)

1863- Herbert Henry Ball -English-Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1943)

1868- Mary Hunter Austin -American author (d. 1934)

1872- Phan Chu Trinh -Vietnamese activist (d. 1926)

1873- Marcel Jacques Boulenger -French fencer and author (d. 1932)

1873- Max Reinhardt -Austrian-American actor and director (d. 1943)

1877- James Agate -English journalist, author, and critic (d. 1947)

1877- Frank Chance -American baseball player and manager (d. 1924)

1878- Adelaide Crapsey -American poet and critic (d. 1914)

1878- Arthur Fox -American fencer (d. 1958)

1878- Sergio Osmeña -Filipino lawyer and politician, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)

1885- Miriam Licette -English soprano and educator (d. 1969)

1887- Alf Landon -American lieutenant, banker, and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (d. 1987)

1882- Clem McCarthy -American sportscaster (d. 1962)

1890- Colonel Sanders -American businessman, founded KFC (d. 1980)

1892- Tsuru Aoki -Japanese-American actress (d. 1961)

1894- Arthur Freed -American composer and producer (d. 1973)

1894- Humphrey Mitchell -Canadian union leader and politician, 14th Minister of Labour (Canada)|Canadian Minister of Labour (d. 1950)

1894- Bert Oldfield -Australian cricketer (d. 1976)

1898- Frankie Frisch -American baseball player and manager (d. 1973)

1899- Neil Hamilton (actor)|Neil Hamilton -American actor (d. 1984)

1899- Waite Hoyt -American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1984)

1899- Bruno E. Jacob -American academic, founded the National Forensic League (d. 1979)

1900- James Hilton (novelist)|James Hilton -English-American author and screenwriter (d. 1954)

1901- James Blades -English drummer (Melos Ensemble) (d. 1999)

1903- Phyllis A. Whitney -Japanese-American author (d. 2008)

1904- Feroze Khan (field hockey)|Feroze Khan -Indian-Pakistani field hockey player and coach (d. 2005)

1904- Arthur Laing -Canadian politician, 9th Minister of Veterans Affairs|Canadian Minister of Veterans Affairs (d. 1975)

1905- Joseph E. Levine -American film producer, founded Embassy Pictures (d. 1987)

1905- Brahmarishi Hussain Sha -Indian philosopher and poet (d. 1981)

1907- Leon Edel -American author and critic (d. 1997)

1908- Cesare Pavese -Italian poet and author (d. 1950)

1908- Shigekazu Shimazaki -Japanese admiral (d. 1945)

1911- Paul Goodman (writer)|Paul Goodman -American author, poet, and playwright (d. 1972)

1911- John Gorton -Australian lieutenant and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2002)

1914- John Passmore -Australian philosopher and academic (d. 2004)

1917- Rolf Wenkhaus -German actor (d. 1942)

1918- Oscar Luigi Scalfaro -Italian politician, 9th President of Italy (d. 2012)

1919- Gottfried Dienst -Swiss footballer and referee (d. 1998)

1919- Jimmy Snyder -American sportscaster (d. 1996)

1920- Neil Chotem -Canadian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2008)

1920- Feng Kang -Chinese mathematician and physicist (d. 1993)

1920- Robert Wood Johnson III -American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1970)

1922- Bernard Bailyn -American historian, author, and academic

1922- Hoyt Curtin -American composer and producer (d. 2000)

1922- Hans Georg Dehmelt -German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1922- Manolis Glezos -Greek politician

1922- Warwick Estevam Kerr -Brazilian geneticist, entomologist, and engineer

1923- Daniel Carleton Gajdusek -American physician and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)

1923- Bertil Norström -Swedish actor (d. 2012)

1923- Jimmy Perry -English actor, singer, and screenwriter

1923- Cliff Robertson -American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2011)

1924- Jane Greer -American actress and singer (d. 2001)

1924- Russell M. Nelson -American captain, surgeon, and religious leader

1924- Rik Van Steenbergen -Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)

1926- Yusuf al-Qaradawi -Egyptian theologian and author

1927- Elvin Jones -American drummer (d. 2004)

1927- Tatyana Zaslavskaya -Russian sociologist and economist (d. 2013)

1928- Moses Anderson -American bishop (d. 2013)

1928- Sol LeWitt -American painter and photographer (d. 2007)

1929- Claude Nougaro -French singer-songwriter (d. 2004)

1930- Francis Carroll -Australian archbishop

1930- Frank Lucas (drug dealer)|Frank Lucas -American drug trafficker

1931- Robin Hyman -English publisher

1931- Zoltán Latinovits -Hungarian actor and author (d. 1976)

1931- Shirley Summerskill -English physician and politician

1931- Margaret Tyzack -English actress (d. 2011)

1932- Müşfik Kenter -Turkish actor (d. 2012)

1932- Sylvia Miles -American actress

1935- Gopal Baratham -Singaporean neurosurgeon and author (d. 2002)

1935- Chaim Topol -Israeli actor, singer, and producer

1936- William Bradshaw, Baron Bradshaw -English academic and politician

1938- John Davis (academic)|John Davis -English anthropologist and academic

1938- Jay Ward (baseball)|Jay Ward -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2012)

1939- Arthur Dignam -Australian actor

1939- Ron McDole -American football player

1939- Carlos Ortíz -Puerto Rican boxer

1940- Hugh Morgan (businessman)|Hugh Morgan -Australian businessman

1940- Joe Negroni -American singer (The Teenagers) (d. 1978)

1941- Otis Redding -American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1967)

1941- Dennis Ritchie -American computer scientist, created the C (programming language)|C programming language (d. 2011)

1942- Inez and Charlie Foxx|Inez Foxx -American singer (Inez and Charlie Foxx)

1942- Danny Kalb -American singer and guitarist (Blues Project)

1943- Art LaFleur -American actor

1945- Dee Dee Sharp -American singer

1945- Ton van Heugten -Dutch motocross racer (d. 2008)

1946- Doug Ingle -American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Iron Butterfly)

1946- Jim Keays -Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter (The Masters Apprentices and Cotton Keays & Morris) (d. 2014)

1946- Evert Kroon -Dutch water polo player

1946- Bruce Palmer -Canadian bass player (Buffalo Springfield and The Mynah Birds) (d. 2004)

1946- Hayato Tani -Japanese actor

1947- David Rosenboom -American composer and educator

1947- Freddy Weller -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Paul Revere & the Raiders)

1948- Pamela Des Barres -American actress and singer (The GTOs)

1949- John Curry -English figure skater (d. 1994)

1949- Alain Mosconi -French swimmer and businessman

1949- Daniel Pipes -American historian and author

1949- Joe Theismann -American football player and sportscaster

1949- Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono -Indonesian general and politician, 6th President of Indonesia

1950- Gogi Alauddin -Pakistani Squash (sport)|squash player and coach

1950- John McFee -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Doobie Brothers and Southern Pacific (band)|Southern Pacific)

1951- Robert Desiderio -American actor

1951- Alexander Downer -Australian economist and politician, 34th Minister for Foreign Affairs (Australia)|Minister of Foreign Affairs for Australia

1951- Tom Wopat -American actor, singer, and director

1952- Angela Cartwright -English-American actress and singer

1952- Manuel Göttsching -German guitarist and songwriter (Ash Ra Tempel and Ashra (band)|Ashra)

1952- David A. Stewart -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Eurythmics, The Tourists, Vegas (duo)|Vegas, Platinum Weird, and SuperHeavy)

1953- Manjula Vijayakumar -Indian actress (d. 2013)

1954- Jeffrey Combs -American actor

1955- John Kricfalusi -Canadian voice actor, animator, director, and screenwriter

1957- Pierre-Laurent Aimard -French pianist and educator

1957- Garry Robbins -Canadian wrestler and actor (d. 2013)

1957- Gabriele Tredozi -Italian engineer

1959- Tom Foley (infielder)|Tom Foley -American baseball player and coach

1959- Éric Serra -French composer and producer

1960- Hugh Grant -English actor and producer

1960- Bob Hartley -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1960- Urmas Sisask -Estonian composer

1960- Bob Stoops -American football player and coach

1960- Kimberly Willis Holt -American author

1963- Chris Coons -American lawyer and politician

1963- Roberto Donadoni -Italian footballer and manager

1964- Aleksandar Hemon -Bosnian-American author and critic

1965- Chip Esten -American actor and singer

1965- Michelle Johnson (actress)|Michelle Johnson -American actress

1965- Dan Majerle -American basketball player and coach

1965- Constance Marie -American actress

1965- Marcel Peeper -Dutch footballer

1965- Todd Zeile -American baseball player and actor

1966- Georg Hackl -German skater

1966- Kevin Hatcher -American ice hockey player

1966- Adam Sandler -American actor, singer, screenwriter, and producer

1967- B. J. Armstrong -American basketball player and sportscaster

1967- Chris Caffery -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Savatage, Trans-Siberian Orchestra, and Metalium)

1967- Akshay Kumar -Indian actor, martial artist, and producer

1967- Anna Malle -American porn actress (d. 2006)

1968- Jon Drummond -American sprinter

1968- Clive Mendonca -English footballer

1968- Julia Sawalha -English actress

1969- Rachel Hunter -New Zealand model and actress

1969- Natasha Stott Despoja -Australian politician

1970- Natalia Streignard -Spanish-Venezuelan actress

1971- Eric Stonestreet -American actor

1971- Henry Thomas -American actor, singer, and guitarist

1972- Mike Hampton -American baseball player and coach

1972- Natasha Kaplinsky -English journalist

1972- Jakko Jan Leeuwangh -Dutch speed skater

1972- Miriam Oremans -Dutch tennis player

1972- Félix Rodríguez (baseball)|Félix Rodríguez -Dominican baseball player

1972- Goran Višnjić -Croatian-American actor and producer

1973- Kazuhisa Ishii -Japanese baseball player

1974- Vikram Batra -Indian captain (d. 1999)

1974- Divine Brown -Canadian singer and actress

1974- Ana Carolina -Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1974- Shane Crawford -Australian footballer and television host

1974- Marcos Curiel -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (P.O.D. and Daylight Division)

1974- Mathias Färm -Swedish singer and guitarist (Millencolin and Franky Lee)

1974- Gok Wan -English fashion stylist, author, and television host

1975- Michael Bublé -Canadian singer-songwriter and actor

1976- Chace Ambrose -American actor and screenwriter

1976- Juan A. Baptista -Venezuelan model and actor

1976- Emma de Caunes -French actress

1976- Hanno Möttölä -Finnish basketball player

1976- Joey Newman -American composer and conductor

1976- Aki Riihilahti -Finnish footballer

1976- Kristoffer Rygg -Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (Ulver, Borknagar, and Head Control System)

1977- Chae Jung-an -South Korean actress and singer

1977- Lambros Lambrou -Cypriot footballer

1977- Stuart Price -English DJ, songwriter, and producer (Zoot Woman and Paper Faces)

1977- Soulja Slim -American rapper (UTP (group)|UTP) (d. 2003)

1977- Kyle Snyder -American baseball player and coach

1978- Kurt Ainsworth -American baseball player

1978- Shane Battier -American basketball player

1978- Mariano Puerta -Argentinian tennis player

1979- Wayne Carlisle -Irish footballer and coach

1979- Nikki DeLoach -American actress and singer (Innosense)

1980- Todd Coffey -American baseball player

1980- Václav Drobný -Czech footballer (d. 2012)

1980- Michelle Williams (actress)|Michelle Williams -American actress and singer

1981- Julie Gonzalo -Argentinian-American actress

1981- Nancy Wu -Hong Kong actress and singer

1982- John Kuhn -American football player

1982- Graham Onions -English cricketer

1982- Ai Otsuka -Japanese singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (Rabbit (Japanese band)|Rabbit)

1982- Eugênio Rômulo Togni -Brazilian footballer

1983- Vitolo -Spanish footballer

1983- Kyle Davies (baseball)|Kyle Davies -American baseball player

1983- Kristine Hermosa -Filipino actress

1983- Edwin Jackson -American baseball player

1983- Kim Jung-hwa -South Korean model and actress

1983- Cleveland Taylor -English footballer

1984- Jaouad Akaddar -Moroccan footballer (d. 2012)

1984- Brad Guzan -American soccer player

1984- James Hildreth -English cricketer

1984- Michalis Sifakis -Greek footballer

1985- Yung Berg -American rapper and producer

1985- Martin Johnson (musician)|Martin Johnson -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Boys Like Girls)

1985- Sacha Kljestan -American soccer player

1985- Luka Modrić -Croatian footballer

1985- Lilyana Natsir -Indonesian badminton player

1985- J. R. Smith -American basketball player

1986- Michael Bowden (baseball)|Michael Bowden -American baseball player

1986- Chamu Chibhabha -Zimbabwean cricketer

1986- Helen Kurup -English actress

1986- Luc Mbah a Moute -Cameroonian basketball player

1986- Jamielee McPherson -Scottish actress

1987- Afrojack -Dutch DJ and producer

1987- Nicole Aniston -American porn actress

1987- Joshua Herdman -English actor

1987- Markus Jürgenson -Estonian footballer

1987- Alexis Palisson -French rugby player

1987- Andrea Petkovic -German tennis player

1987- Clayton Snyder -American actor

1987- Alexandre Song -Cameroonian footballer

1987- Milan Stanković -Serbian singer

1988- Manuela Arbeláez -Colombian-American model and actress

1988- Danilo D'Ambrosio -Italian footballer

1988- Will Middlebrooks -American baseball player

1988- Jo Woodcock -English actress

1989- Alfonzo Dennard -American football player

1989- Sean Malto -American skateboarder

1990- Melody Klaver -Dutch actress

1990- Haley Reinhart -American singer-songwriter

1990- Jordan Tabor -English footballer (d. 2014)

1991- Oscar (footballer, born 1991)|Oscar -Brazilian footballer

1991- Kelsey Chow -American actress

1991- Hunter Hayes -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1991- Danilo Luís Hélio Pereira -Bissauan-Portuguese footballer

1991- Yevgeni Ponyatovskiy -Russian footballer

1992- Frencheska Farr -Filipino singer and actress

1992- Zeki Fryers -English footballer

1992- Damian McGinty -Irish singer and actor (Celtic Thunder)

1992- Kristiāns Pelšs -Latvian ice hockey player (d. 2013)

1993- Ryohei Kato -Japanese gymnast

1993- Charlie Stewart -American actor

1993- Sharon van Rouwendaal -Dutch swimmer

History of Deaths


1087- William the Conqueror -English king (b. 1028)

1398- James I of Cyprus -(b. 1334)

1438- Edward, King of Portugal -(b. 1391)

1487- Chenghua Emperor -of China (b. 1447)

1488- Francis II, Duke of Brittany -(b. 1433)

1513-victims of the Battle of Flodden -

- James IV of Scotland -(b. 1473)

- George Douglas, Master of Angus -(b. 1469)

- William Douglas of Glenbervie -(b. 1473)

- William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose -Scottish politician (b. 1464)

- George Hepburn (bishop)|George Hepburn -Scottish bishop

- Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell -Scottish politician, Lord High Admiral of Scotland

- David Kennedy, 1st Earl of Cassilis -Scottish soldier (b. 1478)

- Alexander Lauder of Blyth -Scottish politician

- Alexander Stewart (archbishop of St Andrews)|Alexander Stewart -Scottish archbishop (b. 1493)

- Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox -Scottish politician (b. 1488)

1569- Pieter Bruegel the Elder -Flemish painter (b. 1525)

1583- Humphrey Gilbert -English explorer (b. 1539)

1596- Anna Jagiellon -Polish queen (b. 1523)

1603- George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon -English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (b. 1547)

1612- Nakagawa Hidenari -Japanese daimyo (b. 1570)

1676- Paul de Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve -French soldier, founded Montreal (b. 1612)

1680- Henry Marten (regicide)|Henry Marten -English lawyer and politician (b. 1602)

1755- Johann Lorenz von Mosheim -German historian and author (b. 1694)

1806- William Paterson (judge)|William Paterson -Irish-American judge and politician, 2nd Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745)

1815- John Singleton Copley -American-English colonial and painter (b. 1738)

1834- James Weddell -Belgian-English sailor and navigator (b. 1787)

1841- Augustin Pyramus de Candolle -Swiss botanist, mycologist, and academic (b. 1778)

1891- Jules Grévy -French politician, 4th President of the French Republic (b. 1813)

1898- Stéphane Mallarmé -French poet and critic (b. 1842)

1901- Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec -French painter and illustrator (b. 1864)

1907- Ernest Wilberforce -English bishop (b. 1840)

1909- E. H. Harriman -American businessman (b. 1848)

1910- Lloyd Wheaton Bowers -American lawyer and politician, United States Solicitor General (b. 1859)

1914- Carl Goßler -German rower (b. 1885)

1915- Albert Spalding -American baseball player, manager, and businessman, co-founded Spalding (sports equipment)|Spalding (b. 1850)

1934- Roger Fry -English painter and critic (b. 1866)

1941- Hans Spemann -German embryologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)

1943- Charles McLean Andrews -American historian, author, and academic (b. 1863)

1943- Carlo Bergamini (admiral)|Carlo Bergamini -Italian admiral (b. 1888)

1945- Max Ehrmann -American poet and lawyer (b. 1872)

1945- Paul Probst -Swiss target shooter (b. 1869)

1955- Carl Friedberg -German pianist and educator (b. 1872)

1958- Charlie Macartney -Australian cricketer (b. 1886)

1959- Ramón Fonst -Cuban fencer (b. 1883)

1960- Jussi Björling -Swedish tenor (b. 1911)

1969- Willy Mairesse -Belgian race car driver (b. 1928)

1975- Johannes Brenner -Estonian footballer (b. 1906)

1975- John McGiver -American actor (b. 1913)

1976- Mao Zedong -Chinese politician (b. 1893)

1978- Hugh MacDiarmid -Scottish linguist, poet, and author (b. 1892)

1978- Jack Warner -Canadian-American film producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1892)

1979- Norrie Paramor -English composer, conductor, and producer (b. 1914)

1980- John Howard Griffin -American journalist and author (b. 1920)

1981- Robert Askin -Australian sergeant and politician, 32nd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1907)

1981- Jacques Lacan -French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist (b. 1901)

1984- Yılmaz Güney -Turkish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1937)

1985- Neil Davis (cameraman)|Neil Davis -Australian photographer and journalist (b. 1934)

1985- Paul Flory -American chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)

1985- Antonino Votto -Italian conductor (b. 1896)

1986- Magda Tagliaferro -Brazilian pianist (b. 1893)

1987- Gerrit Jan Heijn -Dutch businessman (b. 1931)

1990- Nicola Abbagnano -Italian philosopher and academic (b. 1901)

1990- Doc Cramer -American baseball player and coach (b. 1905)

1990- Samuel Doe -Liberian politician, 21st President of Liberia (b. 1951)

1990- Alexander Men -Russian priest and scholar (b. 1930)

1992- Willie Fennell -Australian actor (b. 1920)

1993- Helen O'Connell -American singer, actress, and dancer (b. 1920)

1994- Patrick O'Neal (actor)|Patrick O'Neal -American actor (b. 1927)

1996- Bill Monroe -American singer-songwriter (b. 1911)

1997- Richie Ashburn -American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1927)

1997- John Hackett (British Army officer)|John Hackett -Australian-English general and author (b. 1910)

1997- Burgess Meredith -American actor, singer, director, and producer (b. 1907)

1998- Lucio Battisti -Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)

1998- Bill Cratty -American dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)

1999- Arie de Vroet -Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1918)

1999- Catfish Hunter -American baseball player (b. 1946)

1999- Chan Parker -American author (b. 1925)

1999- Ruth Roman -American actress (b. 1922)

2000- Julian Critchley -English politician (b. 1930)

2001- Ahmad Shah Massoud -Afghan commander and politician (b. 1953)

2001- Tommy Hollis -American actor (b. 1954)

2003- Larry Hovis -American actor and singer (b. 1936)

2003- Edward Teller -Hungarian-American physicist and academic (b. 1908)

2003- Don Willesee -Australian politician (b. 1916)

2004- Ernie Ball -American guitarist and businessman (b. 1930)

2005- John Wayne Glover -English-Australian serial killer (b. 1932)

2006- Gérard Brach -French director and screenwriter (b. 1927)

2006- Richard Burmer -American composer and engineer (b. 1955)

2006- Matt Gadsby -English footballer (b. 1979)

2006- Émilie Mondor -Canadian runner (b. 1981)

2006- William Bernard Ziff, Jr. -American businessman, founded Ziff Davis (b. 1930)

2007- Vasyl Kuk -Ukrainian commander (b. 1913)

2007- Hughie Thomasson -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd and Outlaws (band)|Outlaws) (b. 1952)

2008- Warith Deen Mohammed -American religious leader (b. 1933)

2008- Richard Monette -Canadian actor and director (b. 1944)

2011- Daniel Hulet -Belgian cartoonist (b. 1945)

2012- Verghese Kurien -Indian engineer and businessman, founded Amul (b. 1921)

2012- Désiré Letort -French cyclist (b. 1943)

2012- John McCarthy (Australian rules footballer born 1989)|John McCarthy -Australian footballer (b. 1989)

2012- Mike Scarry -American football player and coach (b. 1920)

2012- Ron & Valerie Taylor|Ron Taylor -Australian oceanographer (b. 1934)

2012- Ron Tindall -English footballer and manager (b. 1935)

2013- Forrest (singer)|Forrest -American-Dutch singer (b. 1953)

2013- Sunila Abeysekera -Sri Lankan scholar and activist (b. 1952)

2013- Alberto Bevilacqua -Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1934)

2013- Patricia Blair -American actress (b. 1933)

2013- Susan Fitzgerald -English-Irish actress (b. 1949)

2013- Saul Landau -American journalist, director, and author (b. 1936)

2013- Shalom Yoran -Polish author (b. 1925)

2014- Montserrat Abelló i Soler -Spanish poet and translator (b. 1918)

2014- Firoza Begum (singer)|Firoza Begum -Bangladeshi singer (b. 1930)

2014- Howell Evans -Welsh actor and singer (b. 1928)

2014- Graham Joyce -English author and educator (b. 1954)

2014- Denny Miller -American actor (b. 1934)

2014- Bob Suter -American ice hockey player (b. 1957)

2014- Robert Young (musician)|Robert Young -Scottish-English guitarist (Primal Scream) (b. 1964)