This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-19

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


335- Dalmatius|Flavius Dalmatius -is raised to the rank of Caesar (title)|Caesar by his uncle, emperor Constantine the Great|Constantine I.

634- Siege of Damascus (634)|Siege of Damascus -The Rashidun Army|Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire.

1356- Battle of Poitiers -An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II of France|John II.

1676- Jamestown, Virginia|Jamestown -is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon (colonist)|Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion.

1692- Giles Corey -is Pressing (execution)|pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.

1777- American Revolutionary War -British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the Battles of Saratoga|First Battle of Saratoga.

1778-The Continental Congress -passes the first United States federal budget.

1796- George Washington's Farewell Address -is printed across America as an open letter to the public.

1799- French Revolutionary Wars -French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen (1799)|Battle of Bergen.

1846-Two French shepherd children, Mélanie Calvat -and Maximin Giraud, experience a Marian apparition on a mountaintop near La Salette, Isère|La Salette, France, now known as Our Lady of La Salette.

1862- American Civil War -Battle of Iuka: Union (American Civil War)|Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate States of America|Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.

1863-American Civil War: The first day of the Battle of Chickamauga -in northwestern Georgia, the bloodiest two-day battle of the conflict, and the only significant Confederate victory in the war's Western Theater of the American Civil War|Western Theater.

1864-American Civil War: Battle of Opequon|Third Battle of Winchester -Union (American Civil War)|Union troops under General Philip Sheridan defeat a Confederate States of America|Confederate force commanded by General Jubal Early. With over 50,000 troops engaged it was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley and was not only militarily decisive in that region of Virginia but also played a role in securing Abraham Lincoln's United States presidential election, 1864|election in 1864.

1868-Spanish revolution: Glorious Revolution (Spain)|La Gloriosa -

1870- Franco-Prussian War -The Siege of Paris (1870–71)|Siege of Paris begins, which will result on January 28, 1871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Kingdom of Prussia|Prussian victory.

1870-Having invaded the Papal States -a week earlier, the Italian Army lays siege to Rome, entering the city the next day, after which the Pope described himself as a Prisoner in the Vatican.

1879-The Blackpool Illuminations -are switched on for the first time.

1881-U.S. President James A. Garfield -dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting.

1893- Women's suffrage -In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.

1916-During the East African Campaign of World War I -colonial armed forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of Charles Tombeur|General Charles Tombeur captured the town of Tabora after heavy fighting.

1934- Bruno Hauptmann -is arrested for the Lindbergh kidnapping|kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr..

1939- World War II -The Battle of Kępa Oksywska concludes, with Polish losses reaching roughly 14% of all the forces engaged.

1940- Witold Pilecki -is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a Jewish resistance under Nazi rule#In concentration camps|resistance.

1944- Moscow Armistice|Armistice -between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).

1944- Battle of Hürtgen Forest -between United States and Nazi Germany begins.

1945- Lord Haw-Haw -(William Joyce) is sentenced to death in London.

1946-The Council of Europe -is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.

1952-The United States bars Charlie Chaplin -from re-entering the country after a trip to England.

1957-First American underground Nuclear testing|nuclear bomb test -(part of Operation Plumbbob).

1959- Nikita Khrushchev -is barred from visiting Disneyland due to security concerns.

1970-The first Glastonbury Festival -is held at Michael Eavis's farm in Glastonbury, United Kingdom.

1970- Kostas Georgakis -a Greek student of geology, sets himself ablaze in Matteotti Square in Genoa, Italy, as a protest against the Greek military junta of 1967–1974|dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos.

1971- Montagnard (Vietnam)|Montagnard -ARVN|troops of South Vietnam revolt against the rule of Nguyễn Khánh, killing 70 Vietnamese people|ethnic Vietnamese soldiers.

1972-A parcel bomb -sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.

1973-King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden -has his investiture.

1976- Turkish Airlines Flight 452 -hits the Taurus Mountains, outskirt of Karatepe, Osmaniye, Turkey, killing all 154 passengers and crew.

1976-Two Imperial Iranian Air Force -F-4 Phantom II jets fly out to 1976 Tehran UFO incident|investigate an unidentified flying object when both independently lose instrumentation and communications as they approach, only to have them restored upon withdrawal.

1978-The Solomon Islands -join the United Nations.

1981- Simon & Garfunkel -reunite for a free concert in New York's Central Park.

1982- Scott Fahlman -posts the first documented emoticons :-) and :-( on the Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System.

1983- Saint Kitts and Nevis -gains its independence.

1985- 1985 Mexico City earthquake|A strong earthquake -kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.

1985- Tipper Gore -and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at United States Congress|U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.

1989-A terrorist -bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.

1991- Ötzi the Iceman -is discovered by German tourists.

1995-The '' Washington Post -' and ''The New York Times'' publish the Unabomber's manifesto.

1997- Guelb El-Kebir massacre -in Algeria where 53 people are killed.

2006-The Thailand|Thai -military 2006 Thai coup d'état|stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution of Thailand|Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.

2010-The leaking oil well in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill|''Deepwater Horizon'' oil spill -is sealed.

2011- Mariano Rivera -of the New York Yankees surpasses Trevor Hoffman to become Major League Baseball's all time Save (baseball)|saves leader with 602.

2014-The 2014 Asian Games|Asian Games -take place in Incheon, South Korea.

Famous Birthdays


86- Antoninus Pius -Roman emperor (d. 161)

866- Leo VI the Wise -Byzantine emperor (d. 912)

1377- Albert IV, Duke of Austria -(d. 1404)

1551- Henry III of France -(d. 1589)

1749- Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre -French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1822)

1754- John Ross Key -American lieutenant, lawyer, and judge (d. 1821)

1759- William Kirby (entomologist)|William Kirby -English entomologist (d. 1850)

1778- Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux -Scottish lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor (d. 1868)

1774- Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti -Italian cardinal (d. 1849)

1796- Hartley Coleridge -English poet and author (d. 1849)

1802- Lajos Kossuth -Hungarian journalist, lawyer, and politician, List of heads of state of Hungary|Governor-President of Hungary (d. 1894)

1803- Maria Anna of Savoy -(d. 1884)

1811- Orson Pratt -American religious leader (d. 1881)

1828- Fridolin Anderwert -Swiss judge and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (d. 1880)

1840- Galen Spencer -American archer (d. 1904)

1862- Juliusz Bursche -Polish bishop (d. 1942)

1864- Ragna Wettergreen -Norwegian actress (d. 1958)

1871- Frederick Ruple -Swiss-American painter (d. 1938)

1882- Christopher Stone (broadcaster)|Christopher Stone -English radio host (d. 1965)

1883- Mabel Vernon -American educator and activist (d. 1975)

1887- Lovie Austin -American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1972)

1887- Lynne Overman -American actor and singer (d. 1943)

1888- James Waddell Alexander II -American mathematician and topologist (d. 1971)

1888- Porter Hall -American actor (d. 1953)

1889- Sarah Louise Delany -American physician and author (d. 1999)

1894- Rachel Field -American author and poet (d. 1942)

1898- Giuseppe Saragat -Italian politician, 5th President of Italy (d. 1988)

1900- Ricardo Cortez -American actor, singer, and director (d. 1977)

1901- Joe Pasternak -Hungarian-American production manager and producer (d. 1991)

1905- Leon Jaworski -American lawyer, co-founded Fulbright & Jaworski (d. 1982)

1907- Lewis F. Powell, Jr. -American lawyer and jurist (d. 1998)

1908- Robert Lecourt -French lawyer, judge, and politician, Lord Chancellor of France (d. 2004)

1908- Tatsuo Shimabuku -Japanese martial artist (d. 1975)

1908- Alberto Socarras -Cuban-American flute player (d. 1987)

1908- Mika Waltari -Finnish author and academic (d. 1979)

1909- Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche -Austrian engineer and businessman (d. 1998)

1910- Jack Dunham -American animator and producer (d. 2009)

1910- Margaret Lindsay -American actress and singer (d. 1981)

1911- William Golding -English author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)

1912- Kurt Sanderling -Polish-German conductor (d. 2011)

1913- Frances Farmer -American actress and singer (d. 1970)

1913- C. Loganathan -Sri Lankan banker (d. 1981)

1913- Maria Tănase -Romanian singer and actress (d. 1963)

1913- Helen Ward (singer)|Helen Ward -American singer (d. 1998)

1915- Germán Valdés -Mexican actor, singer, and producer (d. 1973)

1919- Roger Grenier -French journalist and author

1920- Roger Angell -American journalist and author

1921- Paulo Freire -Brazilian educator, philosopher, and theorist (d. 1997)

1922- Damon Knight -American author and critic (d. 2002)

1922- Emil Zátopek -Czech runner (d. 2000)

1924- Vern Benson -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2014)

1924- Don Harron -Canadian actor and screenwriter

1924- Suchitra Mitra -Indian singer and composer (d. 2011)

1925- Pete Murray (DJ)|Pete Murray -English radio and television host

1925- W. Reece Smith, Jr. -American lawyer and academic (d. 2013)

1926- Masatoshi Koshiba -Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1926- James Lipton -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1926- Duke Snider -American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)

1927- Helen Carter -American singer (Carter Family and The Carter Sisters) (d. 1998)

1927- Rosemary Harris -English actress

1927- William Hickey (actor)|William Hickey -American actor (d. 1997)

1927- Nick Massi -American singer and bass player (The Four Seasons (band)|The Four Seasons and Four Lovers) (d. 2000)

1928- Adam West -American actor

1930- Muhal Richard Abrams -American pianist, composer, and educator

1930- Bettye Lane -American photographer and journalist (d. 2012)

1930- Antonio Margheriti -Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)

1931- Brook Benton -American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1988)

1931- Derek Gardner (designer)|Derek Gardner -English engineer (d. 2011)

1932- Mike Royko -American journalist and author (d. 1997)

1932- Stefanie Zweig -German journalist and author (d. 2014)

1933- Gilles Archambault -Canadian journalist and author

1933- David McCallum -Scottish actor and singer

1934- Brian Epstein -English talent manager (d. 1967)

1934- Austin Mitchell -English academic and politician

1935- Benjamin Thurman Hacker -American admiral (d. 2003)

1936- Martin Fay -Irish fiddler (The Chieftains) (d. 2012)

1936- Anna Karen -South African–English actress

1936- Milan Marcetta -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)

1936- Al Oerter -American discus thrower (d. 2007)

1937- Abner Haynes -American football player

1939- Bruce Bastin -English musicologist and author

1939- Louise Botting -English journalist and author

1939- Carl Schultz -Hungarian-Australian director, producer, and screenwriter

1939- Moshe Weinberg -Israeli wrestling coach (d. 1972)

1940- Caroline John -English actress (d. 2012)

1940- Bill Medley -American singer-songwriter (The Righteous Brothers)

1940- Zandra Rhodes -English fashion designer, founded the Fashion and Textile Museum

1940- Sylvia Tyson -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Quartette (band)|Quartette, Ian & Sylvia, and Great Speckled Bird (band)|Great Speckled Bird)

1940- Ed Westfall -Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster

1940- Paul Williams (songwriter)|Paul Williams -American singer-songwriter and actor

1941- Umberto Bossi -Italian politician

1941- Cass Elliot -American singer (The Mamas & the Papas, The Mugwumps, and The Big 3 (folk group)|The Big 3) (d. 1974)

1941- Jim Fox (pentathlete)|Jim Fox -English pentathlete

1941- Mariangela Melato -Italian actress and singer (d. 2013)

1942- Freda Payne -American singer and actress

1943- André Boudrias -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1943- Joe Morgan -American baseball player and sportscaster

1944- Anders Björck -Swedish politician, 25th Minister for Defence (Sweden)|Minister of Defence for Sweden

1944- Edmund Joensen -Faroese politician, 9th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands

1944- Jean Succar Kuri -Lebanese-Mexican businessman

1945- Kate Adie -English journalist and author

1945- David Bromberg -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Deep (band)|The Deep)

1945- Randolph Mantooth -American actor and director

1946- Brian Henton -English race car driver

1947- Henry Bromell -American author and screenwriter (d. 2013)

1947- Thomas H. Cook -American author

1947- Lol Creme -English singer, guitarist, and director (10cc, Godley & Creme, Art of Noise, Producers (band)|Producers, Doctor Father, Hotlegs, and The Magic Lanterns)

1947- Brian Hill (basketball)|Brian Hill -American basketball player and coach

1947- Tanith Lee -English author

1947- Gerd Schwidrowski -German footballer

1948- Mykhaylo Fomenko -Ukrainian footballer and manager

1948- Jan Hoag -American actress

1948- Jeremy Irons -English actor and singer

1948- Mihai Timofti -Moldovan actor, director, and composer

1949- Twiggy -English model, actress, and singer

1949- Sally Potter -English director, screenwriter, and composer

1949- Ernie Sabella -American actor and singer

1949- Barry Scheck -American lawyer, co-founded the Innocence Project

1950- Joan Lunden -American journalist and author

1950- Michael Proctor (academic)|Michael Proctor -English physicist, mathematician, and academic

1951- Daniel Lanois -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

1951- Darryl Read -English singer-songwriter, drummer, and actor (Crushed Butler and Tiger (1970s band)|Tiger) (d. 2013)

1952- Rhys Chatham -American trumpet player, guitarist, and composer

1952- Bernard de Dryver -Belgian race car driver

1952- Gunnar Hökmark -Swedish politician

1952- Henry Kaiser (musician)|Henry Kaiser -American guitarist and composer

1952- Nile Rodgers -American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Chic (band)|Chic and The Honeydrippers)

1952- George Warrington -American businessman (d. 2007)

1953- Sarana VerLin -American singer-songwriter and violinist

1954- Adam Phillips (psychologist)|Adam Phillips -Welsh psychotherapist and author

1954- Eleni Vitali -Greek singer-songwriter

1955- Richard Burmer -American composer and engineer (d. 2006)

1955- Rex Smith -American singer, guitarist, and actor

1956- Juan Manuel Fangio II -Argentinian race car driver

1956- Charlie Reliford -American baseball player and umpire

1957- Chris Roupas -American basketball player

1958- Lucky Ali -Indian singer-songwriter and actor

1958- Lita Ford -English-American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Runaways)

1958- Kevin Hooks -American actor, director, and producer

1958- Azumah Nelson -Ghanaian boxer

1958- Richard Ridings -English actor

1960- Mario Batali -American chef and author

1960- Loïc Bigois -French engineer

1960- Yolanda Saldívar -American murderer

1960- Tonja Walker -American model, actress, and singer

1961- Artur Ekert -Polish-English physicist and academic

1962- Cheri Oteri -American actress, producer, and screenwriter

1962- Ken Rosenthal -American sportscaster

1963- Jarvis Cocker -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (Pulp (band)|Pulp and Relaxed Muscle)

1963- David Seaman -English footballer and manager

1964- Patrick Marber -English actor, director, and screenwriter

1964- Bob Papa -American sportscaster

1964- Kim Richards -American actress

1964- Trisha Yearwood -American singer-songwriter and actress

1965- Helen Duval -Dutch porn actress, director, and producer

1965- Sabine Paturel -French singer and actress

1965- Alexandra Vandernoot -Belgian actress and producer

1965- Sunita Williams -American captain, pilot, and astronaut

1966- Soledad O'Brien -American journalist and producer

1966- Eric Rudolph -American terrorist

1966- Yoshihiro Takayama -Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist

1967- Jim Abbott -American baseball player

1967- Stéphane Crête -Canadian actor

1967- Aleksandr Karelin -Russian wrestler and politician

1968- Jimmy Bower -American drummer and songwriter (Down (band)|Down, Crowbar (American band)|Crowbar, Superjoint Ritual, Eyehategod, Clearlight (American band)|Clearlight, and Corrosion of Conformity)

1968- Monica Crowley -American talk show host and author

1969- Candy Dulfer -Dutch saxophonist

1969- Jacek Frąckiewicz -Polish footballer

1969- Alkinoos Ioannidis -Cypriot singer-songwriter and guitarist

1969- Michael Symon -American chef and author

1969- Kostya Tszyu -Russian-Australian boxer

1969- Cuong Vu -Vietnamese-American singer and trumpet player

1969- Tapio Wilska -Finnish singer-songwriter (Sethian (band)|Sethian and Finntroll)

1970- Dan Bylsma -American ice hockey player and coach

1970- Gilbert Dionne -Canadian ice hockey player

1970- Antoine Hey -German footballer and manager

1970- Takanori Nishikawa -Japanese singer, producer, and actor (Abingdon Boys School and Luis-Mary)

1970- Victor Williams (actor)|Victor Williams -American actor

1971- Sanaa Lathan -American actress

1971- Mike Sadlo -German footballer and manager

1972- Matt Cockbain -Australian rugby player and coach

1972- Ashot Nadanian -Armenian chess player and coach

1973- Nick Colgan -Irish footballer

1973- Cristiano da Matta -Brazilian race car driver

1973- Jeremy Lindsay Taylor -Australian actor

1974- Jimmy Fallon -American actor, singer, and talk show host

1974- Victoria Silvstedt -Swedish model, actress, and singer

1975- Marcus Dunstan -American director and screenwriter

1975- Gina Trapani -American blogger, founded Lifehacker

1976- Raja Bell -American basketball player

1976- Jay Electronica -American rapper and producer

1976- Jan Hlaváč -Czech ice hockey player

1976- Isha Koppikar -Indian model and actress

1976- Alison Sweeney -American actress and director

1976- Jim Ward (musician)|Jim Ward -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (At the Drive-In, Sparta (band)|Sparta, and Sleepercar)

1976- Jessica York -American television host

1977- Kyle Cease -American comedian and actor

1977- Poon Yiu Cheuk -Hong Kong footballer

1977- Aakash Chopra -Indian cricketer

1977- Tasha Danvers -English hurdler

1977- Josef Fares -Swedish director and screenwriter

1977- Danny Forster -American architect, television host, and producer

1977- Wu Jiaduo -Chinese table tennis player

1977- Fung Ka Ki -Hong Kong footballer and manager

1977- Tommaso Rocchi -Italian footballer

1977- Mike Smith (2000s pitcher)|Mike Smith -American baseball player

1977- Emil Sutovsky -Israeli chess player

1978- Amil (rapper)|Amil -American rapper, producer, and actress

1978- Nick Johnson -American baseball player

1978- Ramin Karimloo -Iranian-Canadian singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1978- Jorge López Montaña -Spanish footballer

1978- Nigel Mitchell -English radio and television host

1978- Waylon Reavis -American singer-songwriter (Mushroomhead)

1979- Dannielle Brent -English actress

1979- Joel Houston -Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer (Hillsong United (band)|Hillsong United)

1979- Noémie Lenoir -French model and actress

1980- James Ellison (motorcycle racer)|James Ellison -English motorcycle racer

1980- Frances Houghton -English rower

1980- Amber Lancaster -American model and actress

1980- Sara Quin -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Tegan and Sara)

1980- Tegan Quin -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Tegan and Sara)

1980- Dimitri Yachvili -French rugby player

1981- Damiano Cunego -Italian cyclist

1981- Rick DiPietro -American ice hockey player

1981- Rika Fujiwara -Japanese tennis player

1982- Shaun Barker -English footballer

1982- Eduardo Carvalho -Portuguese footballer

1982- Eleni Daniilidou -Greek tennis player

1982- Jordan Parise -American ice hockey player

1982- Columbus Short -American actor, singer, dancer, and choreographer

1982- Jesse Blaze Snider -American singer-songwriter, author, and illustrator (Baptized By Fire (band)|Baptized By Fire)

1983- Eamon (singer)|Eamon -American singer-songwriter

1983- Joey Devine -American baseball player

1983- Charlie Haeger -American baseball player

1983- Matt Wiman -American mixed martial artist

1984- Eva Marie -American wrestler and model

1984- Amber Rayne -American porn actress

1984- Ángel Reyna -Mexican footballer

1984- Danny Valencia -American baseball player

1984- Kevin Zegers -Canadian actor

1985- Gio Gonzalez -American baseball player

1985- Alun Wyn Jones -Welsh rugby player

1985- Renee Paquette -American journalist

1986- Leon Best -English footballer

1986- Gerald Ciolek -German cyclist

1986- Lauren Goodger -English model, singer and television personality

1986- Ken Gushi -Japanese race car driver

1986- Omar Khadr -Canadian terrorist

1986- Mandy Musgrave -American actress and singer

1986- Chase Rice -American singer-songwriter

1986- Ilya Salmanzadeh -Swedish singer-songwriter and producer

1986- Ryan Succop -American football player

1986- Peter Vack -American actor

1987- Kenny Britt -American football player

1987- Danielle Panabaker -American actress

1987- Carlos Quintero -Colombian footballer

1988- Katrina Bowden -American actress

1988- Faye Reagan -American porn actress

1989- Tyreke Evans -American basketball player

1990- Saki Fukuda -Japanese actress and singer

1990- Savvas Gentsoglou -Greek footballer

1990- Evgeny Novikov -Russian race car driver

1991- Colin Grafton -American figure skater

1991- Oliver Merkel -German footballer

1991- Demelza Reveley -Australian model

1992- Diego Antonio Reyes -Mexican footballer

1993- Jirayu Tangsrisuk -Thai actor

1994- Alex Etel -English actor

History of Deaths


643- Goeric of Metz -Frankish bishop and saint

690- Theodore of Tarsus -English archbishop and saint (b. 602)

1123- Emperor Taizu of Jin -(b. 1068)

1339- Emperor Go-Daigo -of Japan (b. 1288)

1356- Peter I, Duke of Bourbon -(b. 1311)

1356- Walter VI, Count of Brienne -(b. 1304)

1668- William Waller -English general and politician (b. 1597)

1692- Giles Corey -English-American farmer (b. 1611)

1710- Ole Rømer -Danish astronomer and instrument maker (b. 1644)

1812- Mayer Amschel Rothschild -German banker (b. 1744)

1843- Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis -French mathematician, physicist, and engineer (b. 1792)

1863- Hans Christian Heg -Norwegian-American colonel and politician (b. 1829)

1868- William Sprague (Michigan)|William Sprague -American minister and politician (b. 1809)

1881- James A. Garfield -American general, lawyer, and politician, and the 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)

1893- Alexander Tilloch Galt -English-Canadian politician, 1st Canadian Minister of Finance (b. 1817)

1905- Thomas John Barnardo -Irish-English philanthropist (b. 1845)

1906- Maria Georgina Grey -English educator, founded the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)

1910- Paul Lotsij -Dutch rower (b. 1880)

1914- Charles de Vendeville -French swimmer (b. 1882)

1924- Alick Bannerman -Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1854)

1927- Michael Ancher -Danish painter (b. 1849)

1935- Konstantin Tsiolkovsky -Russian scientist and engineer (b. 1857)

1936- Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande -Indian singer and musicologist (b. 1860)

1938- Pauline Frederick -American actress (b. 1883)

1942- Condé Montrose Nast -American publisher, founded Condé Nast Publications (b. 1873)

1944- Guy Gibson -Indian-English commander, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1918)

1949- Will Cuppy -American author and critic (b. 1884)

1949- George Shiels -Irish playwright (b. 1886)

1949- Nikos Skalkottas -Greek violinist and composer (b. 1901)

1955- John D. Dingell, Sr. -American politician (b. 1894)

1965- Lionel Terray -French mountaineer (b. 1921)

1967- Monica Proietti -Canadian criminal (b. 1940)

1967- Zinaida Serebriakova -Ukrainian-French painter (b. 1884)

1968- Chester Carlson -American physicist and lawyer (b. 1906)

1968- Red Foley -American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1910)

1969- Rex Ingram (actor)|Rex Ingram -American actor (b. 1895)

1972- Robert Casadesus -French pianist and composer (b. 1899)

1973- Gram Parsons -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (International Submarine Band, The Byrds, and The Flying Burrito Brothers) (b. 1946)

1975- Pamela Brown (actress)|Pamela Brown -English actress (b. 1917)

1978- Étienne Gilson -French historian and philosopher (b. 1884)

1985- Italo Calvino -Italian journalist and author (b. 1923)

1987- Einar Gerhardsen -Norwegian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)

1989- Willie Steele -American long jumper (b. 1923)

1990- Hermes Pan (choreographer)|Hermes Pan -American dancer and choreographer (b. 1910)

1992- Jacques Pic -French chef (b. 1932)

1995- Orville Redenbacher -American businessman, founded the Orville Redenbacher's|Orville Redenbacher's Company (b. 1907)

1997- Jack May -English actor (b. 1922)

1997- Rich Mullins -American singer-songwriter (A Ragamuffin Band) (b. 1955)

1998- Patricia Hayes -English actress (b. 1909)

2000- Pastor Coronel -Paraguayan politician (b. 1919)

2000- Anthony Robert Klitz -English painter (b. 1917)

2001- Rhys Jones (archaeologist)|Rhys Jones -Welsh-Australian archaeologist and academic (b. 1941)

2002- Robert Guéï -Ivorian politician, 3rd President of Côte d'Ivoire (b. 1941)

2002- Duncan Hallas -English author and activist (b. 1925)

2003- Slim Dusty -Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1927)

2004- Eddie Adams (photographer)|Eddie Adams -American photographer and journalist (b. 1933)

2004- Skeeter Davis -American singer-songwriter (The Davis Sisters (country band)|The Davis Sisters) (b. 1931)

2004- Damayanti Joshi -Indian dancer and choreographer (b. 1928)

2004- Ellis Marsalis, Sr. -American businessman and activist (b. 1908)

2006- Elizabeth Allen (actress)|Elizabeth Allen -American actress (b. 1929)

2006- Danny Flores -American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (The Champs) (b. 1929)

2006- Martha Holmes (photographer)|Martha Holmes -American photographer and journalist (b. 1923)

2006- Roy Schuiten -Dutch cyclist (b. 1950)

2009- Arthur Ferrante -American pianist (b. 1921)

2009- Milton Meltzer -American historian and author (b. 1915)

2009- Roc Raida -American DJ and producer (The X-Ecutioners) (b. 1972)

2009- Eduard Zimmermann -German journalist (b. 1929)

2011- Thomas Capano -American lawyer (b. 1949)

2011- Dolores Hope -American singer and actress (b. 1909)

2011- Johnny Răducanu -Romanian pianist and composer (b. 1931)

2012- Chief Bearhart -Canadian race horse (b. 1993)

2012- Víctor Cabedo -Spanish cyclist (b. 1989)

2012- Rino Ferrario -Italian footballer (b. 1926)

2012- Cecil Gordon -American race car driver (b. 1941)

2012- Bettye Lane -American photographer and journalist (b. 1930)

2012- Elizabeth Diana Percy, Duchess of Northumberland -(b. 1922)

2012- Itamar Singer -Romanian-Israeli historian and author (b. 1946)

2013- Amidou -Moroccan-French actor (b. 1935)

2013- Robert Barnard -English author and critic (b. 1936)

2013- Gerrie Mühren -Dutch footballer (b. 1946)

2013- John Reger -American football player (b. 1931)

2013- William Ungar -Polish-American author and philanthropist, founded the National Envelope Corporation (b. 1913)

2013- John D. Vanderhoof -American banker and politician, 37th Governor of Colorado (b. 1922)

2013- Hiroshi Yamauchi -Japanese businessman (b. 1927)

2014- Peggy Drake -Austrian-American actress (b. 1922)

2014- Francisco Feliciano -Filipino composer and conductor (b. 1941)

2014- Avraham Heffner -Israeli actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1935)

2014- Audrey Long -American actress (b. 1922)

2014- U. Srinivas -Indian mandolin player and composer (b. 1969)

2014- K. Udayakumar -Indian Volleyball player (b. 1960)