This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-17

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


456- Remistus -Roman general (''magister militum''), is Siege|besieged by a Goths|Gothic force at Ravenna and later executed in the Palace ''in Classis'', outside the city.

1111-Highest Galician nobility led by Pedro Fróilaz de Traba -and the bishop Diego Gelmírez crown Alfonso VII of León and Castile|Alfonso VII as "kingdom of Galicia|King of Galicia".

1176-The Battle of Myriokephalon -is fought between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Turks.

1462-The Battle of Świecino -(also known as the Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War (1454–66)|Thirteen Years' War.

1577-The Peace of Bergerac -is signed between Henry III of France and the Huguenots.

1630-The city of Boston -Massachusetts is founded.

1631-Sweden wins a major victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631)|Battle of Breitenfeld -against the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.

1683- Antonie van Leeuwenhoek -writes a letter to the Royal Society describing "animalcules": the first known description of protozoa.

1716- Jean Thurel -enlists in the Touraine Regiment at the age of 18, the first day of a military career that would span for over 90 years.

1761-The Battle of Neuensund|Battle of Kosabroma -is fought.

1775- American Revolutionary War -The Invasion of Canada (1775)|Invasion of Canada begins with the Siege of Fort St. Jean.

1776-The Presidio of San Francisco -is founded in New Spain.

1778-The Treaty of Fort Pitt (1778)|Treaty of Fort Pitt -is signed. It is the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native Americans in the United States|Native American tribe (the Lenape or Delaware Indians).

1787-The United States Constitution -is signed in Philadelphia.

1793-The Battle of Peyrestortes -is fought.

1794-The Battle of Sprimont -is fought.

1809-Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War -The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.

1813-The Second Battle of Kulm -is fought.

1814- Francis Scott Key -finishes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", later to be the lyrics of "The Star-Spangled Banner".

1849-American Abolitionism in the United States|abolitionist -Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery.

1859- Joshua A. Norton -declares himself "Norton I, Emperor of the United States."

1861- Battle of Pavón -is fought.

1862- American Civil War -George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee's Confederate army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American military history.

1862-American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal -explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.

1894- Battle of Yalu River (1894)|Battle of Yalu River -the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War.

1900- Philippine–American War -Filipino people|Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat United States|Americans under Colonel (United States)|Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.

1901-The Battle of Blood River Poort -is fought.

1901-The Battle of Elands River (1901)|Battle of Elands River -is fought.

1908-The Wright Model A|Wright Flyer -flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes, killing Selfridge. He becomes the first airplane fatality.

1914- Andrew Fisher -becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.

1916- World War I -Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), a flying ace of the German Luftwaffe|Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.

1924-The Border Defence Corps -is established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet Union|Soviet raids and local bandits.

1924-The Church of Central Africa, Presbyterian -is formed.

1930-The Ararat rebellion -is suppressed.

1932-A speech by Laureano Gómez -leads to the escalation of the Leticia Incident.

1939- World War II -The Soviet Union joins Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland during the Invasion of Poland (1939)|Polish Defensive War of 1939.

1939-World War II: A German U-boat -German submarine U-29 (1936)|''U 29'' sinks the British aircraft carrier {{HMS|Courageous|50|6}}.

1939- Taisto Mäki -becomes the first man to run the 10000 metres|10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6

1940-World War II: Following the Nazi Germany|German -defeat in the Battle of Britain, Adolf Hitler|Hitler postpones Operation Sea Lion indefinitely.

1941-World War II: A decree of the Soviet Union|Soviet -State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, is issued.

1941-World War II: Soviet forces enter Teheran -marking the end of the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.

1943-World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk -is liberated from Germans.

1944-World War II: Allies of World War II|Allied -Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the "Market" half of Operation Market Garden.

1948-The Lehi (group)|Lehi -(also known as the Stern gang) assassinates Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the United Nations to mediate between the Arab nations and Israel.

1948-The Nizam of Hyderabad -surrenders his sovereignty over the Hyderabad State and joins the Indian Union.

1949-The Canadian steamship {{SS|Noronic}} burns in Toronto Harbour -with the loss of over 118 lives.

1957- Malaysia -joins the United Nations.

1961-The world's first retractable-dome stadium, the Civic Arena (Pittsburgh)|Civic Arena -opens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1974- Bangladesh -Grenada and Guinea-Bissau join the United Nations.

1976-The first Space Shuttle -Space Shuttle Enterprise|Enterprise, is unveiled by NASA.

1978-The Camp David Accords (1978)|Camp David Accords -are signed by Israel and Egypt.

1980-After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard -in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity (Polish trade union)|Solidarity is established.

1980-Former Nicaraguan -President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is killed in Asunción, Paraguay.

1983- Vanessa L. Williams|Vanessa Williams -becomes the first black Miss America.

1987- Pope John Paul II -embraces an AIDS-infected boy while visiting San Francisco.

1991- Estonia -North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia|Micronesia join the United Nations.

1991-The first version of the Linux -kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.

1992-An Iranian Kurdistan|Iranian Kurdish -leader and his two joiners are Mykonos restaurant assassinations|assassinated by political militants in Berlin|Berlin, Germany.

2001-The New York Stock Exchange -reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression.

2006- Fourpeaked Mountain -in Alaska erupts, marking the first eruption for the long-dormant volcano in at least 10,000 years.

2006-An audio tape of Ferenc Gyurcsány's speech in Balatonőszöd in May 2006|a private speech -by Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány is leaked to the public, in which he confessed that his Hungarian Socialist Party had lied to win the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2006|2006 election, sparking 2006 protests in Hungary|widespread protests across the country.

2011- Occupy Wall Street -movement begins in Zuccotti Park, New York City.

Famous Birthdays


879- Charles the Simple -French king (d. 929)

1192- Minamoto no Sanetomo -Japanese shogun (d. 1219)

1550- Pope Paul V -(d. 1621)

1605- Francesco Sacrati -Italian composer (d. 1650)

1630- Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma -(d. 1694)

1639- Hans Herr -Swiss bishop (d. 1725)

1674- Ernest Augustus, Duke of York and Albany -(d. 1728)

1677- Stephen Hales -English physiologist and chemist, invented Forceps (d. 1761)

1687- Durastante Natalucci -Italian historian and scholar (d. 1772)

1688- Maria Luisa of Savoy -(d. 1714)

1730- Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben -Prussian general (d. 1794)

1739- John Rutledge -American judge and politician, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1800)

1743- Marquis de Condorcet -French mathematician and political scientist (d. 1794)

1771- Johann August Apel -German jurist and author (d. 1816)

1773- Jonathan Alder -American captain and farmer (d. 1849)

1819- Marthinus Wessel Pretorius -South African general and politician, 1st President of the South African Republic (d. 1901)

1820- Émile Augier -French playwright (d. 1889)

1826- Bernhard Riemann -German-Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1866)

1850- Guerra Junqueiro -Portuguese lawyer, journalist, and politician (d. 1923)

1854- David Dunbar Buick -Scottish-American businessman, founded Buick|Buick Motor Company (d. 1929)

1857- Konstantin Tsiolkovsky -Russian scientist and engineer (d. 1935)

1859- Frank Dawson Adams -Canadian geologist and academic (d. 1942)

1860- Mihkel Martna -Estonian journalist and politician (d. 1934)

1862- Jean de Madre -French polo player (d. 1934)

1864- James Tancred -English admiral (d. 1943)

1868- James Alexander Calder -Canadian politician, Minister of Militia and Defence (Canada)|Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence (d. 1956)

1869- Christian Lous Lange -Norwegian political scientist, historian, and educator, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1938)

1874- Walter Murdoch -Australian author and academic (d. 1970)

1878- Vincenzo Tommasini -Italian composer (d. 1950)

1878- Antoine Védrenne -French rower (d. 1937)

1879- Rube Foster -American baseball player and manager (d. 1930)

1879- Periyar E. V. Ramasamy -Indian businessman, politician, and activist (d. 1973)

1881- Alfred Carpenter -English admiral, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1955)

1883- William Carlos Williams -American pediatrician and poet (d. 1963)

1884- Charles Griffes -American pianist and composer (d. 1920)

1890- Gabriel Heatter -American journalist (d. 1972)

1892- Hendrik Andriessen -Dutch organist and composer (d. 1981)

1895- Georg Faehlmann -Russian-Estonian sailor (d. 1975)

1897- Earl Webb -American baseball player and coach (d. 1965)

1900- Hughie Critz -American baseball player (d. 1980)

1900- J. Willard Marriott -American businessman, founded the Marriott Corporation (d. 1985)

1901- Francis Chichester -English pilot and sailor (d. 1972)

1902- Bea Miles -Australian author (d. 1973)

1903- Karel Miljon -Dutch boxer (d. 1984)

1903- Frank O'Connor -Irish author and educator (d. 1966)

1903- Minanogawa Tōzō -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 34th Yokozuna (sumo)|Yokozuna (d. 1971)

1904- Frederick Ashton -Ecuadorian-English dancer and choreographer (d. 1988)

1904- Jerry Colonna (entertainer)|Jerry Colonna -American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1986)

1904- Edgar G. Ulmer -Czech-American director, screenwriter, and set designer (d. 1972)

1906- J. R. Jayewardene -Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Sri Lanka (d. 1996)

1906- Edgar Wayburn -American physician and environmentalist (d. 2010)

1907- Warren E. Burger -American lawyer and judge, 15th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1995)

1908- John Creasey -English author and politician (d. 1973)

1908- Rafael Israelyan -Georgian-Armenian architect, designed the Sardarapat Memorial and St. Vartan Cathedral (d. 1973)

1909- Elizabeth Enright -American author and illustrator (d. 1968)

1912- Irena Kwiatkowska -Polish actress (d. 2011)

1913- M. Srikantha -Sri Lankan civil servant (d. 1982)

1914- Thomas J. Bata -Czech-Canadian businessman (d. 2008)

1914- Shin Kanemaru -Japanese politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1996)

1915- M. F. Husain -Indian painter and director (d. 2011)

1916- Mary Stewart (novelist)|Mary Stewart -English-Scottish author (d. 2014)

1917- William Grut -Swedish pentathlete (d. 2012)

1917- Isang Yun -South Korean-German composer and educator (d. 1995)

1918- Lea Gottlieb -Hungarian-Israeli fashion designer, founded the Gottex|Gottex Company (d. 2012)

1918- Chaim Herzog -Irish-Israeli general and politician, 6th President of Israel (d. 1997)

1920- Dinah Sheridan -English actress (d. 2012)

1922- Agostinho Neto -Angolan politician, 1st President of Angola (d. 1979)

1923- Ralph Sharon -English-American pianist

1923- Hank Williams -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Drifting Cowboys) (d. 1953)

1925- John List -American murderer (d. 2008)

1926- Bill Black -American bass player (The Blue Moon Boys) (d. 1965)

1926- Curtis Harrington -American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2007)

1926- Hovie Lister -American pianist (The Statesmen Quartet and Masters V) (d. 2001)

1926- Jean-Marie Lustiger -French cardinal (d. 2007)

1926- Jack McDuff -American singer and organist (d. 2001)

1927- George Blanda -American football player (d. 2010)

1928- Park Honan -American author and academic

1928- Brian Matthew -English radio host

1928- Roddy McDowall -English-American actor, singer, and producer (d. 1998)

1929- Sil Austin -American saxophonist (d. 2001)

1929- David Craig, Baron Craig of Radley -Irish air marshal

1929- Pat Crowley -American actress

1929- Stirling Moss -English race car driver

1930- David Huddleston -American actor

1930- Lalgudi Jayaraman -Indian violinist and composer (d. 2013)

1930- Theo Loevendie -Dutch clarinet player and composer

1930- Edgar Mitchell -American captain, pilot, and astronaut

1930- Jim Rohn -American philosopher and author (d. 2009)

1930- Thomas P. Stafford -American general, pilot, and astronaut

1931- Anne Bancroft -American actress and singer (d. 2005)

1931- Jean-Claude Carrière -French actor and screenwriter

1932- Robert B. Parker -American author (d. 2010)

1932- Indarjit Singh -Indian-English journalist

1933- Chuck Grassley -American politician

1933- Dorothy Loudon -American actress and singer (d. 2003)

1933- Claude Provost -Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 1984)

1934- Maureen Connolly -American tennis player (d. 1969)

1935- Ken Kesey -American author and activist (d. 2001)

1936- Gerald Guralnik -American physicist and academic (d. 2014)

1936- Michael Hennagin -American composer and educator (d. 1993)

1936- Rolv Wesenlund -Norwegian actor and singer (d. 2013)

1937- Orlando Cepeda -Puerto Rican baseball player

1938- Paul Benedict -American actor (d. 2008)

1938- Perry Robinson -American clarinet player and composer

1938- Bobby Wine -American baseball player and coach

1939- Carl Dennis -American poet and educator

1939- Shelby Flint -American singer-songwriter and voice actress

1939- David Souter -American lawyer and jurist

1940- Lorella De Luca -Italian actress and director (d. 2014)

1940- Jan Eliasson -Swedish diplomat, 4th Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations

1940- Sotiris Moustakas -Cypriot-Greek actor (d. 2007)

1940- Gilberto Parlotti -Italian motorcycle racer (d. 1972)

1941- Bob Matsui -American lawyer and politician (d. 2005)

1942- Robert Graysmith -American author and illustrator

1942- Des Lynam -Irish-English journalist and author

1942- Lupe Ontiveros -American actress and producer (d. 2012)

1944- Les Emmerson -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Five Man Electrical Band)

1944- Reinhold Messner -Italian mountaineer and explorer

1945- David Emerson -Canadian economist and politician, 8th Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada)|Minister of Foreign Affairs for Canada

1945- Phil Jackson -American basketball player and coach

1945- Bruce Spence -New Zealand actor

1945- Bhakti Charu Swami -Indian religious leader

1946- Billy Bonds -English footballer and manager

1946- Heimar Lenk -Estonian journalist and politician

1947- Tessa Jowell -English politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office

1947- Gail Carson Levine -American author

1947- Jeff MacNelly -American cartoonist (d. 2000)

1948- Karl Alber -German footballer

1948- Raphy Leavitt -Puerto Rican composer

1948- John Ritter -American actor and producer (d. 2003)

1949- Ron Stevens -Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2014)

1950- Narendra Modi -Indian politician, 15th Prime Minister of India

1950- Fee Waybill -American singer-songwriter and producer (The Tubes)

1951- Russell Brown -Scottish politician

1951- Piet Kleine -Dutch speed skater

1951- Cassandra Peterson -American actress, television host, and producer

1953- Tamasin Day-Lewis -English chef and author

1953- Altaf Hussain -Pakistani-English politician

1953- Rita Rudner -American actress and screenwriter

1953- Steve Williams (rock drummer)|Steve Williams -Welsh drummer and songwriter (Budgie (band)|Budgie)

1954- Joël-François Durand -French pianist and composer

1955- Charles Martinet -American voice actor

1955- Scott Simpson (golfer)|Scott Simpson -American golfer

1956- Thad Bosley -American baseball player and coach

1956- Mandawuy Yunupingu -Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Yothu Yindi) (d. 2013)

1957- David Bintley -English ballet dancer and director

1957- Steve Bryles -American politician (d. 2012)

1958- Janez Janša -Slovenian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Slovenia

1958- Tom Waddell (baseball)|Tom Waddell -Scottish-American baseball player

1959- Charles Lawson -Irish actor

1960- John Bottomley -Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2011)

1960- Kevin Clash -American voice actor and puppeteer

1960- John Franco -American baseball player

1960- Damon Hill -English race car driver

1960- Alan Krueger -American economist and academic

1961- Jim Cornette -American wrestling manager and sportscaster

1961- Nives Meroi -Italian mountaineer

1961- Ty Tabor -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (King's X, Platypus (band)|Platypus, and The Jelly Jam)

1962- Jonathan Lord -English politician

1962- Baz Luhrmann -Australian director, producer, and screenwriter

1962- Dustin Nguyen -Vietnamese-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1962- Hesham Qandil -Egyptian engineer and politician, 51st Prime Minister of Egypt

1962- BeBe Winans -American singer-songwriter and producer (BeBe & CeCe Winans)

1963- Masahiro Chono -American-Japanese wrestler

1963- William Shockley (actor)|William Shockley -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1963- James Urbaniak -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1965- Kyle Chandler -American actor and producer

1965- Yuji Naka -Japanese video game designer, created ''Sonic the Hedgehog (series)|Sonic the Hedgehog''

1965- Guy Picciotto -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Rites of Spring, Fugazi (band)|Fugazi, Happy Go Licky, and One Last Wish)

1965- Bryan Singer -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1966- Doug E. Fresh -American rapper and producer

1966- Stéphane Rousseau -Canadian actor

1967- Michael Carbajal -American boxer

1967- Koen Wauters -Flemish singer-songwriter and actor (Clouseau (band)|Clouseau)

1967- Malik Yoba -American actor and singer

1968- Akhenaton (rapper)|Akhenaton -French rapper and producer

1968- Anastacia -American singer-songwriter and producer

1968- Lord Jamar -American rapper and actor (Brand Nubian)

1968- Jonn Penney -English singer (Ned's Atomic Dustbin)

1968- Tito Vilanova -Spanish footballer and manager (d. 2014)

1969- Steady B -American rapper

1969- Adam Devlin -English guitarist and songwriter (The Bluetones)

1969- Ken Doherty -Irish snooker player

1969- Keith Flint -English singer-songwriter (The Prodigy and Flint (band)|Flint)

1969- Greg King (lawyer)|Greg King -New Zealand lawyer (d. 2012)

1969- Tarvo Seeman -Estonian chess player

1969- Matthew Settle -American actor

1970- Mark Brunell -American football player and coach

1970- Jim Conroy -American voice actor

1971- Nate Berkus -American interior designer and television host

1971- Mike Catt -South African-English rugby player

1971- Adriana Karembeu -Slovak model and actress

1971- Mauro Milanese -Italian footballer

1971- Ian Whyte (actor)|Ian Whyte -Welsh basketball player and actor

1972- Bobby Lee -American comedian, actor, and screenwriter

1973- Diego Albanese -Argentinian rugby player

1973- Ada Choi -Hong Kong actress

1973- Demis Nikolaidis -Greek footballer

1974- Mirah -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Microphones)

1974- Tormod Granheim -Norwegian skier

1974- Rasheed Wallace -American basketball player and coach

1975- Wilko de Vogt -Dutch footballer

1975- Jade Esteban Estrada -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1975- Jimmie Johnson -American race car driver

1975- Constantine Maroulis -American singer-songwriter and actor (Pray for the Soul of Betty)

1975- Austin St. John -American actor and martial artist

1976- Peja (rapper)|Peja -Polish rapper and producer (Slums Attack)

1976- Daniella Rush -Czech porn actress

1977- Anna Marie Cseh -Hungarian-English model and actress

1977- Genaro García -Mexican boxer (d. 2013)

1977- Yelena Godina -Russian volleyball player

1977- Simone Perrotta -Italian footballer

1978- Shawn Horcoff -Canadian ice hockey player

1979- Steffen Algreen -Danish footballer

1979- Akin Ayodele -American football player

1979- Chuck Comeau -Canadian drummer (Simple Plan and Reset (band)|Reset)

1979- Billy Miller (actor)|Billy Miller -American actor

1980- Dan Haren -American baseball player

1980- Shabana Mahmood -English lawyer and politician

1980- Oliver Risser -Namibian footballer

1981- Casey Janssen -American baseball player

1981- Bakari Koné -Ivorian footballer

1981- Francis Manioru -Solomon sprinter

1982- Hope Larson -American illustrator

1982- Garth Murray -Canadian ice hockey player

1982- Wade Robson -Australian dancer and choreographer

1983- Jennifer Peña -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1984- Domenico Citro -Italian footballer

1984- Mary Descenza -American swimmer

1984- De La Ghetto -American-Puerto Rican singer-songwriter (Arcángel & De La Ghetto)

1984- John Kucera -Canadian skier

1984- Patrick van Luijk -Dutch sprinter

1984- Eugenia Volodina -Russian model

1985- Tomáš Berdych -Czech tennis player

1985- Brendan Clarke -Irish footballer

1985- José Gonçalves -Portuguese footballer

1985- Alexander Ovechkin -Russian ice hockey player

1985- Mason Raymond -Canadian ice hockey player

1985- Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala -of Tonga

1985- Jon Walker -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Panic! at the Disco and The Young Veins)

1986- Paolo De Ceglie -Italian footballer

1986- Ravichandran Ashwin -Indian Cricketer

1986- Yoshitsugu Matsuoka -Japanese voice actor

1986- Yussef Suleiman -Syrian footballer (d. 2013)

1987- Paul Huntington -English footballer

1989- Kate Deines -American soccer player

1990- Sean Scannell -English footballer

1991- Ryo Ishikawa -Japanese golfer

1991- Justyna Jegiołka -Polish tennis player

1991- Minako Kotobuki -Japanese voice actress and singer (Sphere (Japanese band)|Sphere)

1996- Ella Purnell -English actress

History of Deaths


456- Remistus -Roman general

1179- Hildegard of Bingen -German mystic, composer, and saint (b. 1098)

1322- Robert III, Count of Flanders -(b. 1249)

1422- Constantine II of Bulgaria -(b. 1370)

1563- Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland -English soldier (b. 1526)

1574- Pedro Menéndez de Avilés -Spanish admiral and explorer, founded St. Augustine, Florida (b. 1519)

1575- Heinrich Bullinger -Swiss theologian and reformer (b. 1504)

1621- Robert Bellarmine -Italian cardinal and saint (b. 1542)

1630- Thomas Lake -English politician, Secretary of State (England)|English Secretary of State (b. 1567)

1665- Philip IV of Spain -(b. 1605)

1676- Sabbatai Zevi -Turkish rabbi (b. 1626)

1679- John of Austria the Younger -Spanish general and politician, List of governors of the Habsburg Netherlands|Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (b. 1629)

1762- Francesco Geminiani -Italian violinist and composer (b. 1687)

1771- Tobias Smollett -Scottish-Italian author and poet (b. 1721)

1803- Franz Xaver Süssmayr -Austrian composer (b. 1766)

1808- Benjamin Bourne -American judge and politician (b. 1755)

1836- Antoine Laurent de Jussieu -French botanist and author (b. 1748)

1858- Dred Scott -American slave (b. 1795)

1863- Alfred de Vigny -French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1797)

1864- Walter Savage Landor -English author and poet (b. 1775)

1877- Henry Fox Talbot -English photographer, developed the Calotype|Calotype Process (b. 1800)

1878- Orélie-Antoine de Tounens -French lawyer and adventurer (b. 1825)

1879- Eugène Viollet-le-Duc -French architect and theorist (b. 1814)

1894- Deng Shichang -Chinese captain (b. 1849)

1899- Charles Alfred Pillsbury -American businessman, co-founded the Pillsbury Company (b. 1842)

1904- Kartini -Indonesian activist (b. 1879)

1907- Ignaz Brüll -Czech-Austrian pianist and composer (b. 1846)

1908- Henri Julien -Canadian cartoonist (b. 1852)

1908- Thomas Selfridge -American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1882)

1909- Thomas Bent -Australian politician, 22nd Premier of Victoria (b. 1838)

1923- Stefanos Dragoumis -Greek judge and politician, 92nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1842)

1925- Carl Eytel -German-American painter and illustrator (b. 1862)

1933- Joseph De Piro -Maltese priest and missionary (b. 1877)

1936- Ettie Annie Rout -New Zealand author and activist (b. 1877)

1938- Bruno Jasieński -Polish poet (b. 1901)

1944- Eugen Habermann -Estonian architect (b. 1884)

1946- Frank Burke (baseball)|Frank Burke -American baseball player (b. 1880)

1948- Ruth Benedict -American anthropologist and academic (b. 1887)

1948- Folke Bernadotte -Swedish diplomat (b. 1895)

1951- Jimmy Yancey -American pianist and composer (b. 1898)

1953- David Munson -American runner (b. 1884)

1965- Alejandro Casona -Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1903)

1966- Fritz Wunderlich -German tenor and actor (b. 1930)

1971- Carlos Lamarca -Brazilian captain (b. 1937)

1972- Akim Tamiroff -Georgian-American actor (b. 1899)

1973- Hugo Winterhalter -American bandleader and composer (b. 1909)

1975- Nicola Moscona -Greek-American opera singer (b. 1907)

1980- Anastasio Somoza Debayle -Nicaraguan politician, 73rd President of Nicaragua (b. 1925)

1982- Manos Loïzos -Egyptian-Greek composer (b. 1937)

1984- Richard Basehart -American actor and director (b. 1914)

1985- Laura Ashley -Welsh fashion designer, founded Laura Ashley plc (b. 1925)

1987- Harry Locke -English actor (b. 1913)

1988- Hilde Gueden -Austrian soprano (b. 1917)

1991- Zino Francescatti -French violinist (b. 1902)

1991- Rob Tyner -American musician (MC5) (b. 1944)

1992- Roger Wagner -American conductor and educator (b. 1914)

1993- Willie Mosconi -American Pool (cue sports)|pool player (b. 1913)

1993- Christian Nyby -American director and producer (b. 1913)

1994- John Delafose -American accordion player (b. 1939)

1994- Vitas Gerulaitis -American tennis player (b. 1954)

1994- Karl Popper -Austrian-English philosopher and academic (b. 1902)

1995- Isadore Epstein -Estonian-American astronomer and academic (b. 1919)

1995- Lucien Victor -Belgian cyclist (b. 1931)

1996- Spiro Agnew -American soldier and politician, 39th Vice President of the United States (b. 1918)

1997- Red Skelton -American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1913)

1998- Ted Binion -American poker player and businessman (b. 1943)

1998- Geoffrey Dutton -Australian historian and author (b. 1922)

1998- Gustav Nezval -Czech actor (b. 1907)

1999- Frankie Vaughan -English singer (b. 1928)

2000- Paula Yates -Welsh television host and author (b. 1959)

2003- Erich Hallhuber -German actor (b. 1951)

2005- Jacques Lacarrière -French journalist and critic (b. 1925)

2005- Alfred Reed -American composer and educator (b. 1921)

2006- Patricia Kennedy Lawford -American daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. (b. 1924)

2006- Kazuyuki Sogabe -Japanese voice actor (b. 1948)

2009- Noordin Mohammad Top -Malaysian terrorist (b. 1968)

2011- Colin Madigan -Australian architect, designed the National Gallery of Australia (b. 1921)

2012- Bafo Biyela -South African footballer (b. 1981)

2012- Melvin Charney -Canadian sculptor and architect (b. 1935)

2012- Lou Kenton -English soldier and potter (b. 1908)

2012- Tedi Thurman -American model and actress (b. 1923)

2012- Russell E. Train -American civil servant (b. 1920)

2012- Ferenc Polikárp Zakar -Hungarian monk (b. 1930)

2013- Kristian Gidlund -Swedish drummer and journalist (Sugarplum Fairy) (b. 1983)

2013- Larry Lake (musician)|Larry Lake -American-Canadian trumpet player and composer (b. 1943)

2013- Bernie McGann -Australian saxophonist and composer (b. 1937)

2013- Alex Naumik -Lithuanian-Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1949)

2013- Michael J. Noonan (Fianna Fáil)|Michael J. Noonan -Irish politician, 25th Minister for Defence (Ireland)|Minister of Defence for Ireland (b. 1935)

2013- Marvin Rainwater -American singer-songwriter (b. 1925)

2013- Eiji Toyoda -Japanese businessman (b. 1913)

2014- Street Cry -Irish race horse (b. 1998)

2014- George Hamilton IV -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)

2014- Andriy Husin -Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1972)

2014- Wakachichibu Komei -Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1939)

2014- Elaine Lee (actress)|Elaine Lee -South African-Australian actress (b. 1939)

2014- Charles Read (RAAF officer)|Charles Read -Australian air marshal (b. 1918)

2014- Peter von Bagh -Finnish historian, director, and screenwriter (b. 1943)

2014- China Zorrilla -Uruguayan actress (b. 1922)