This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-15

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


668- Byzantine Empire|Eastern Roman Emperor -Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.

921-At Tetin, Saint Ludmila -is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law.

994-Major Fatimid -victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes.

1440- Gilles de Rais -one of the earliest known serial killers, is taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.

1556-Departing from Vlissingen -ex-Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|Charles V returns to Spain.

1616-The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati -Italy.

1762- Seven Years' War -Battle of Signal Hill.

1776- American Revolutionary War -British forces land at Landing at Kip's Bay|Kip's Bay during the New York Campaign.

1789-The United States "Department of Foreign Affairs", established by law in July, is renamed the United States Department of State|Department of State -and given a variety of domestic duties.

1812-The French army under Napoleon -reaches the Moscow Kremlin|Kremlin in Moscow.

1812- War of 1812 -A second supply train sent to relieve Siege of Fort Harrison|Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Battle of Fort Harrison#Attacks at the Narrows|Attack at the Narrows.

1820- History of Portugal#Crises of the nineteenth century|Constitutionalist revolution -in Lisbon, Portugal.

1821- Guatemala -El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica jointly declare independence from Spain.

1830-The Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway|Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens -

1831-The locomotive -''John Bull (locomotive)|John Bull'' operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.

1835-{{HMS|Beagle}}, with Charles Darwin -aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands. The ship lands at Chatham or San Cristóbal Island|San Cristobal, the easternmost of the archipelago.

1851- Saint Joseph's University -is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1862- American Civil War -Confederate States of America|Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, West Virginia|Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

1873- Franco-Prussian War -The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity.

1894- First Sino-Japanese War -Empire of Japan|Japan defeats Qing dynasty China in the Battle of Pyongyang (1894)|Battle of Pyongyang.

1916- World War I -Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.

1935-The Nuremberg Laws -deprive History of the Jews in Germany|German Jews of citizenship.

1935- Nazi Germany -adopts a new Flag of Germany|national flag bearing the swastika.

1940- World War II -The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoots down large numbers of Luftwaffe aircraft.

1942-World War II: U.S. Navy aircraft carrier -{{USS|Wasp|CV-7|6}} is sunk by a Japanese torpedo at Guadalcanal.

1944- Franklin D. Roosevelt -and Winston Churchill meet in Quebec as part of the Second Quebec Conference|Octagon Conference to discuss strategy.

1944- Battle of Peleliu -begins as the United States Marine Corps' 1st Marine Division (United States)|1st Marine Division and the United States Army's 81st Infantry Division (United States)|81st Infantry Division hit White and Orange beaches under heavy fire from Japanese infantry and artillery.

1945-A hurricane in southern Florida -and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.

1947- RCA -releases the 12AX7 vacuum tube.

1947- 1940–49 Pacific typhoon seasons|Typhoon Kathleen -hit the Kanto Region in Japan killing 1,077.

1948-The F-86 Sabre -sets the world aircraft speed record at {{convert|671|mph|km/h}}.

1950- Korean War -United States forces Battle of Inchon|land at Inchon

1952-The United Nations -cedes Eritrea to Ethiopia.

1958-A Central Railroad of New Jersey -commuter train Newark Bay rail accident|runs through an open drawbridge at the Newark Bay, killing 48.

1959- Nikita Khrushchev -becomes the first Soviet Union|Soviet leader to visit the United States.

1961- Hurricane Carla -strikes Texas with winds of 175 miles per hour.

1962-The Soviet Union|Soviet -ship ''Poltava (ship)|Poltava'' heads toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban missile crisis.

1963- 16th Street Baptist Church bombing -Four children killed at an African-American church in Birmingham, Alabama, United States

1966-U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson -responding to a Charles Whitman|sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to United States Congress|Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.

1968-The Soviet Union|Soviet -''Zond 5'' spaceship is launched, becoming the first spacecraft to fly around the Moon and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere.

1972-A Scandinavian Airlines System -domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm is hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.

1974- Air Vietnam Flight 706 -is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.

1975-The French Departments of France|department -of "Corsica|Corse" (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica)

1978- Muhammad Ali -outpointed Leon Spinks in a rematch to become the first boxer to win the world heavyweight title three times at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome|Superdome in New Orleans.

1981-The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary|Senate Judiciary Committee -unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

1981-The John Bull (locomotive)|John Bull -becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.

1981- Vanuatu -becomes a member of the United Nations.

1983- Israel -premier Menachem Begin resigns.

1987- United States Secretary of State -George Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze sign a treaty to establish centers to reduce the risk of nuclear war.

1990-France announces it will send 4,000 troops to the Persian Gulf -

1993- Liechtenstein -Prince Hans-Adam II disbands Parliament of Liechtenstein|Parliament

1998-With the landmark merger of WorldCom -and MCI Communications completed the day prior, the new MCI WorldCom opens its doors for business.

2004- National Hockey League -commissioner Gary Bettman announces 2004–05 NHL lockout|lockout of the NHL Players Association|players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office.

2008- Lehman Brothers -files for Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code|Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history.

Famous Birthdays


767- Saichō -Japanese monk (d. 822)

786- Al-Ma'mun -Iraqi caliph (d. 833)

1254- Marco Polo -Italian merchant and explorer (d. 1324)

1533- Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland -(d. 1572)

1580- Charles Annibal Fabrot -French lawyer (d. 1659)

1613- François de La Rochefoucauld (writer)|François de La Rochefoucauld -French author (d. 1680)

1649- Titus Oates -English minister, fabricated the Popish Plot (d. 1705)

1666- Sophia Dorothea of Celle -(d. 1726)

1690- Ignazio Prota -Italian composer and educator (d. 1748)

1715- Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval -French general and engineer (d. 1789)

1736- Jean Sylvain Bailly -French astronomer, mathematician, and politician, 1st List of mayors of Paris|Mayor of Paris (d. 1793)

1759- Cornelio Saavedra -Argentinean general and politician (d. 1829)

1760- Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien -Prussian general (d. 1824)

1765- Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage -Portuguese poet and author (d. 1805)

1789- James Fenimore Cooper -American soldier and author (d. 1851)

1815- Halfdan Kjerulf -Norwegian composer (d. 1868)

1819- Cyprien Tanguay -Canadian priest and historian (d. 1902)

1828- Alexander Butlerov -Russian chemist and academic (d. 1886)

1830- Porfirio Díaz -Mexican general and politician, 29th President of Mexico (d. 1915)

1857- William Howard Taft -American lawyer, jurist, and politician, 27th President of the United States (d. 1930)

1858- Charles de Foucauld -French priest and martyr (d. 1916)

1858- Jenő Hubay -Hungarian violinist, composer, and educator (d. 1937)

1860- Visvesvaraya -Indian engineer, scholar, and politician, List of Diwans of Mysore|Diwan of the Mysore Kingdom (d. 1962)

1863- Horatio Parker -American organist, composer, and educator (d. 1919)

1864- Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1864–1866)|Prince Sigismund of Prussia -(d. 1866)

1867- Vladimir May-Mayevsky -Russian general (d. 1920)

1870- Rose and Ottilie Sutro|Rose Sutro -American pianist (d. 1957)

1876- Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay -Indian author (d. 1938)

1876- Bruno Walter -German-American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1962)

1877- Jakob Ehrlich -Czech-Austrian politician (d. 1938)

1877- Yente Serdatzky -Lithuanian-American author (d. 1962)

1879- Joseph Lyons -Australian politician, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)

1880- Chujiro Hayashi -Japanese physician (d. 1940)

1881- Ettore Bugatti -Italian-French businessman, founded Bugatti (d. 1947)

1883- Esteban Terradas i Illa -Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)

1886- Paul Lévy (mathematician)|Paul Lévy -French mathematician and theorist (d. 1971)

1887- Carlos Dávila -Chilean journalist and politician, President of Chile (d. 1955)

1888- Antonio Ascari -Italian race car driver (d. 1925)

1889- Robert Benchley -American actor, screenwriter, and critic (d. 1945)

1889- Claude McKay -Jamaican-American poet and author (d. 1948)

1890- Ernest Bullock -English organist and composer (d. 1979)

1890- Agatha Christie -English author, poet, and playwright (d. 1976)

1890- Frank Martin (composer)|Frank Martin -Swiss-Dutch pianist and composer (d. 1974)

1892- Silpa Bhirasri -Italian sculptor (d. 1962)

1894- Jean Renoir -French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1979)

1894- Oskar Klein -Swedish physicist and academic (d. 1977)

1895- Chic Harley -American football player (d. 1974)

1895- Magda Lupescu -Romanian wife of Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)

1897- Merle Curti -American historian and author (d. 1997)

1898- J. Slauerhoff -Dutch poet and author (d. 1936)

1901- Donald Bailey (civil engineer)|Donald Bailey -English engineer, designed Bailey bridge (d. 1985)

1903- Roy Acuff -American singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 1992)

1904- Umberto II of Italy -(d. 1983)

1904- Sheilah Graham Westbrook -English-American actress, journalist, and author (d. 1988)

1906- Jacques Becker -French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1960)

1906- Walter E. Rollins -American songwriter (d. 1973)

1907- Gunnar Ekelöf -Swedish poet and author (d. 1968)

1907- Fay Wray -Canadian-American actress (d. 2004)

1908- Kid Sheik -American trumpet player (Preservation Hall Jazz Band) (d. 1996)

1908- Penny Singleton -American actress and singer (d. 2003)

1909- C. N. Annadurai -Indian politician, 7th List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu|Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (d. 1969)

1909- Phil Arnold -American actor (d. 1968)

1910- Betty Neels -English author (d. 2001)

1911- Karsten Solheim -Norwegian-American businessman, founded Ping (golf)|PING (d. 2000)

1911- Luther Terry -American physician, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (d. 1985)

1913- Henry Brant -Canadian-American composer and conductor (d. 2008)

1913- Bruno Hoffmann -German glass harp player (d. 1991)

1913- John N. Mitchell -American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 67th United States Attorney General (d. 1988)

1913- Johannes Steinhoff -German general and pilot (d. 1994)

1914- Creighton Abrams -American general (d. 1974)

1914- Adolfo Bioy Casares -Argentinian journalist and author (d. 1999)

1914- Orhan Kemal -Turkish author (d. 1970)

1914- Robert McCloskey -American author and illustrator (d. 2003)

1915- Fawn M. Brodie -American historian and author (d. 1981)

1915- Al Casey (jazz guitarist)|Al Casey -American guitarist (d. 2005)

1915- Albert Whitlock -English-American special effects designer (d. 1999)

1915- Ismail Yassine -Egyptian actor (d. 1972)

1916- Margaret Lockwood -Pakistani-English actress and singer (d. 1990)

1916- Frederick C. Weyand -American general (d. 2010)

1917- Hilde Gueden -Austrian soprano (d. 1988)

1918- Alfred D. Chandler, Jr. -American historian and academic (d. 2007)

1918- Phil Lamason -New Zealand soldier and pilot (d. 2012)

1918- Nipsey Russell -American comedian and actor (d. 2005)

1919- Fausto Coppi -Italian cyclist (d. 1960)

1919- Nelson Gidding -American screenwriter (d. 2004)

1919- Heda Margolius Kovály -Czech author and translator (d. 2010)

1920- Kym Bonython -Australian radio host (d. 2011)

1921- Richard Gordon (English author)|Richard Gordon -English surgeon and author

1921- Norma MacMillan -Canadian actress (d. 2001)

1921- Snooky Pryor -American harmonica player (d. 2006)

1921- Gene Roland -American pianist and composer (d. 1982)

1922- Bob Anderson (fencer)|Bob Anderson -English fencer and choreographer (d. 2012)

1922- Jackie Cooper -American actor, singer, director, and producer (d. 2011)

1922- Gaetano Cozzi -Italian historian and academic (d. 2001)

1922- Mary Soames, Baroness Soames -English daughter of Winston Churchill (d. 2014)

1923- Anton Heiller -Austrian organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1979)

1924- Lucebert -Dutch poet and painter (d. 1994)

1924- György Lázár -Hungarian politician, 50th List of Prime Ministers of Hungary|Prime Minister of Hungary

1924- Bobby Short -American singer and pianist (d. 2005)

1925- Stanley Chapman -English architect and author (d. 2009)

1925- Forrest Compton -American actor

1925- Carlo Rambaldi -Italian special effects artist (d. 2012)

1925- Helle Virkner -Danish actress (d. 2009)

1926- Shohei Imamura -Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)

1926- Jean-Pierre Serre -French mathematician and academic

1927- Norm Crosby -American comedian and actor

1927- Erika Köth -German soprano (d. 1981)

1927- David Stove -Australian philosopher and academic (d. 1994)

1928- Cannonball Adderley -American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1975)

1929- Eva Burrows -Australian 13th General of The Salvation Army

1929- Murray Gell-Mann -American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1929- Stan Kelly-Bootle -English singer-songwriter, computer scientist, and author (d. 2014)

1929- Dick Latessa -American actor

1929- John Julius Norwich -English historian and author

1931- Brian Henderson (television presenter)|Brian Henderson -New Zealand-Australian journalist

1932- Neil Bartlett (chemist)|Neil Bartlett -English-American chemist and academic (d. 2008)

1933- Henry Darrow -American actor

1933- Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos -Spanish conductor and composer (d. 2014)

1933- Monica Maughan -Tongan-Australian actress (d. 2010)

1934- Tomie dePaola -American author and illustrator

1934- Fred Nile -Australian soldier, minister, and politician

1936- Ashley Cooper (tennis)|Ashley Cooper -Australian tennis player

1936- Sara Henderson -Australian farmer and author (d. 2005)

1937- Fernando de la Rúa -Argentinian lawyer and politician, 51st President of Argentina

1937- Robert Lucas, Jr. -American economist and academic, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate

1937- Pino Puglisi -Italian priest and martyr (d. 1993)

1938- Gaylord Perry -American baseball player and coach

1939- Subramanian Swamy -Indian economist, academic, and politician, Ministry of Law and Justice (India)|Minister of Law and Justice for India

1939- George Walden -English journalist and politician

1940- Merlin Olsen -American football player, sportscaster, and actor (d. 2010)

1940- Norman Spinrad -American author and critic

1941- Flórián Albert -Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2011)

1941- Signe Toly Anderson -American singer (Jefferson Airplane and KBC Band)

1941- Mirosław Hermaszewski -Polish general, pilot, and astronaut

1941- Yuriy Norshteyn -Russian animator, director, and screenwriter

1941- Viktor Zubkov -Russian businessman and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Russia

1942- Lee Dorman -American bass player (Iron Butterfly and Captain Beyond) (d. 2012)

1942- Philip Harris, Baron Harris of Peckham -English businessman and politician

1942- Ksenia Milicevic -French painter and architect

1943- Tommy Hall (American musician)|Tommy Hall -American Jug (instrument)|jug player (The 13th Floor Elevators)

1944- Sotirios Hatzigakis -Greek politician, Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights (Greece)|Minister of Justice for Greece

1944- Mauro Piacenza -Italian cardinal

1944- Graham Taylor -English footballer and manager

1945- Carmen Maura -Spanish actress

1945- Jessye Norman -American soprano

1945- Hans-Gert Pöttering -German lawyer and politician, 23rd President of the European Parliament

1945- Ron Shelton -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1946- Ola Brunkert -Swedish drummer (d. 2008)

1946- Tommy Lee Jones -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1946- Mike Procter -South African cricketer, coach, and referee

1946- Oliver Stone -American director, screenwriter, and producer

1946- Howard Waldrop -American author

1947- Viggo Jensen (footballer born 1947)|Viggo Jensen -Danish footballer and manager

1947- Theodore Long -American wrestling referee and manager

1947- Charles "Bobo" Shaw -American drummer (Black Artists Group and Human Arts Ensemble)

1947- Larry Sparks -American singer and guitarist

1949- Joe Barton -American politician

1950- Mirza Masroor Ahmad -Pakistani-English caliph

1951- Pete Carroll -American football player and coach

1951- Johan Neeskens -Dutch footballer and manager

1952- Richard Brodeur -Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster

1952- Paula Duncan -Australian actress

1952- Ratnajeevan Hoole -Sri Lankan engineer and academic

1952- Kelly Keagy -American singer and drummer (Night Ranger)

1954- Hrant Dink -Turkish journalist (d. 2007)

1955- Željka Antunović -Croatian politician, 9th Ministry of Defence (Croatia)|Minister of Defence of Croatia

1955- Bruce Reitherman -American voice actor, singer, cinematographer, and producer

1955- Renzo Rosso -Italian fashion designer and businessman, co-founded Diesel (brand)|Diesel Clothing

1956- Jaki Graham -English singer

1956- Maggie Reilly -Scottish singer-songwriter (Cado Belle)

1956- Ned Rothenberg -American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer

1958- Dr. Know (guitarist)|Dr. Know -American guitarist (Bad Brains)

1958- Joel Quenneville -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1958- Wendie Jo Sperber -American actress and singer (d. 2005)

1959- Mark Kirk -American commander, lawyer, and politician

1960- Kevin Allen (actor)|Kevin Allen -Welsh actor and director

1960- Ed Solomon -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1961- Terry Lamb -Australian rugby player and coach

1961- Dan Marino -American football player and sportscaster

1962- Dina Lohan -American dancer, actress, and manager

1962- Scott McNeil -Australian-Canadian actor and singer

1962- Amanda Wakeley -English fashion designer

1963- Pete Myers -American basketball player and coach

1964- Steve Watkin -Welsh cricketer

1964- Doyle Wolfgang von Frankenstein -American guitarist and songwriter (Misfits (band)|The Misfits and Kryst the Conqueror)

1965- Dyan Castillejo -Filipino tennis player and journalist

1965- Robert Fico -Slovak academic and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Slovakia

1966- Sherman Douglas -American basketball player

1967- Paul Abbott (baseball)|Paul Abbott -American baseball player and coach

1968- Vicky Entwistle -English actress

1968- Danny Nucci -Austrian-American actor

1969- Revaz Arveladze -Georgian footballer

1969- Allen Shellenberger -American drummer (Lit (band)|Lit) (d. 2009)

1970- Carsten Klee -German footballer

1971- Nathan Astle -New Zealand cricketer and coach

1971- Josh Charles -American actor and director

1971- Ben Wallers -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Country Teasers)

1972- Jimmy Carr -English comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter

1972- Kit Chan -Singaporean singer and actress

1975- Tom Dolan -American swimmer

1975- Martina Krupičková -Czech painter

1976- Paul Thomson -Scottish drummer (Franz Ferdinand (band)|Franz Ferdinand, Correcto, and The Yummy Fur)

1976- Matt Thornton (baseball)|Matt Thornton -American baseball player

1977- Angela Aki -Japanese singer-songwriter

1977- Sophie Dahl -English model and author

1977- Tom Hardy -English actor

1977- Leander Jordan -American football player

1977- Marisa Ramirez -American actress

1977- Jason Terry -American basketball player

1978- Zach Filkins -American guitarist (OneRepublic)

1978- Eiður Guðjohnsen -Icelandic footballer

1979- Dave Annable -American actor

1979- Amy Davidson -American actress

1979- Patrick Marleau -Canadian ice hockey player

1979- Carlos Ruiz (Guatemalan footballer)|Carlos Ruiz -Guatemalan footballer

1980- Tammie Brown -American drag queen performer and singer

1980- David Diehl -American football player

1980- Mike Dunleavy, Jr. -American basketball player

1980- Jolin Tsai -Taiwanese singer, actress, and dancer

1982- Laila Boonyasak -Thai actress

1983- Luke Hochevar -American baseball player

1984- Prince Harry -of Wales

1984- Loek van Mil -Dutch baseball player

1985- Kayden Kross -American porn actress and author

1985- François-Olivier Roberge -Canadian speed skater

1986- Jenna Marbles -American actress and blogger

1986- Heidi Montag -American model and singer

1986- George Watsky -American rapper and poet

1986- Peter Wilson (sport shooter)|Peter Wilson -English target shooter

1987- Aly Cissokho -French footballer

1987- Clare Maguire -English singer-songwriter

1988- Chelsea Kane -American actress and singer

1988- Kate Mansi -American actress

1989- Kris Chetan Ramlu -New Zealand tabla player

1990- Oliver Gill -English footballer

1990- Matt Shively -American actor

1991- Lee Jung-shin -South Korean rapper, bass player, and actor (CN Blue)

1991- Phil Ofosu-Ayeh -German-Ghanaian footballer

1996- Jake Cherry -American actor

History of Deaths


668- Constans II -Byzantine emperor (b. 630)

921- Ludmila of Bohemia -Czech martyr and saint (b. 860)

1231- Louis I, Duke of Bavaria -(b. 1173)

1326- Dmitry of Tver -(b. 1299)

1352- Ewostatewos -Ethiopian monk (b. 1273)

1500- John Morton (cardinal)|John Morton -English cardinal (b. 1420)

1596- Leonhard Rauwolf -German physician and botanist (b. 1535)

1613- Thomas Overbury -English poet (b. 1581)

1643- Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork -English-Irish politician, Lord High Treasurer of Ireland (b. 1566)

1649- John Floyd (Jesuit)|John Floyd -English priest and educator (b. 1572)

1700- André Le Nôtre -French gardener (b. 1613)

1701- Edmé Boursault -French author and playwright (b. 1638)

1707- George Stepney -English poet and diplomat (b. 1663)

1712- Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin -English politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1645)

1750- Charles Theodore Pachelbel -German organist and composer (b. 1690)

1794- Abraham Clark -American police officer and politician (b. 1725)

1803- Gian Francesco Albani -Italian cardinal (b. 1719)

1830- François Baillairgé -Canadian painter and sculptor (b. 1759)

1830- William Huskisson -English politician, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies (b. 1770)

1835- Sarah Knox Taylor -American wife of Jefferson Davis (b. 1814)

1841- Alessandro Rolla -Italian violinist and composer (b. 1757)

1842- Pierre Baillot -French violinist and composer (b. 1771)

1842- Francisco Morazán -Guatemalan general, lawyer, and politician, List of heads of state of Federal Republic of Central America|President of Central American Federation (b. 1792)

1852- Johann Karl Simon Morgenstern -German-Estonian philologist and academic (b. 1770)

1859- Isambard Kingdom Brunel -English engineer, designed the Great Western Railway (b. 1806)

1864- John Hanning Speke -English soldier and explorer (b. 1827)

1883- Joseph Plateau -Belgian physicist and academic (b. 1801)

1885- Jumbo -Sudanese-Canadian elephant (b. 1861)

1893- Thomas Hawksley -English engineer (b. 1807)

1915- Ernest Gagnon -Canadian organist and composer (b. 1834)

1921- Roman von Ungern-Sternberg -Austrian-Russian general (b. 1886)

1926- Rudolf Christoph Eucken -German philosopher and academic, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)

1930- Milton Sills -American actor (b. 1882)

1938- Thomas Wolfe -American author (b. 1900)

1940- William B. Bankhead -American lawyer and politician, 47th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1874)

1944- Walter Middelberg -Dutch rower (b. 1875)

1945- André Tardieu -French politician, 97th Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)

1945- Anton Webern -Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1883)

1945- Linnie Marsh Wolfe -American librarian and author (b. 1881)

1952- Hugo Raudsepp -Estonian author and playwright (b. 1883)

1965- Steve Brown (bass player)|Steve Brown -American bassist (New Orleans Rhythm Kings) (b. 1890)

1972- Geoffrey Fisher -English archbishop (b. 1887)

1973- Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden -(b. 1882)

1973- Víctor Jara -Chilean singer-songwriter, poet, and director (b. 1932)

1978- Robert Cliche -Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1921)

1978- Willy Messerschmitt -German aircraft designer, designed the Messerschmitt Bf 109 (b. 1898)

1979- Tommy Leonetti -American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1929)

1980- Bill Evans -American pianist and composer (b. 1929)

1981- Harold Bennett -English actor (b. 1899)

1981- Rafael Méndez -Mexican trumpet player and composer (b. 1906)

1982- Rolfe Sedan -American actor (b. 1896)

1983- Prince Far I -Jamaican DJ and producer (Suns of Arqa) (b. 1944)

1985- Cootie Williams -American trumpet player (b. 1910)

1989- Jan DeGaetani -American soprano (b. 1933)

1989- Olga Erteszek -Polish-American fashion designer (b. 1916)

1989- Robert Penn Warren -American poet, author, and critic (b. 1905)

1991- John Hoyt -American actor (b. 1904)

1991- Warner Troyer -Canadian journalist and author (b. 1932)

1993- Pino Puglisi -Italian priest and martyr (b. 1937)

1995- Harry Calder -South African cricketer (b. 1901)

1995- Gunnar Nordahl -Swedish footballer and manager (b. 1921)

1998- Louis Rasminsky -Canadian economist, 3rd Governor of the Bank of Canada (b. 1908)

2001- June Salter -Australian actress and author (b. 1932)

2003- Garner Ted Armstrong -American evangelist (b. 1930)

2003- Jack Brymer -English clarinet player and educator (b. 1915)

2003- Josef Hiršal -Czech author and poet (b. 1920)

2004- Johnny Ramone -American guitarist and songwriter (The Ramones) (b. 1948)

2004- Walter Stewart (journalist)|Walter Stewart -Canadian journalist and author (b. 1931)

2005- Guy Green (filmmaker)|Guy Green -English director and cinematographer (b. 1913)

2005- Sidney Luft -American manager and producer (b. 1915)

2006- Raymond Baxter -English television host and author (b. 1922)

2006- Oriana Fallaci -Italian journalist and author (b. 1929)

2006- Pablo Santos (actor)|Pablo Santos -Mexican actor (b. 1987)

2007- Colin McRae -Scottish race car driver (b. 1968)

2007- Jeremy Moore -English general (b. 1928)

2007- Aldemaro Romero -Venezuelan pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1928)

2007- Brett Somers -Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1924)

2008- Stavros Paravas -Greek actor (b. 1935)

2008- Richard Wright (musician)|Richard Wright -English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Pink Floyd) (b. 1943)

2009- Troy Kennedy Martin -Scottish-English screenwriter (b. 1932)

2010- Arrow (musician)|Arrow -Caribbean singer-songwriter (b. 1949)

2010- Richard Livsey, Baron Livsey of Talgarth -Welsh politician (b. 1935)

2011- Frances Bay -Canadian-American actress (b. 1919)

2012- Tibor Antalpéter -Hungarian volleyball player and diplomat (b. 1930)

2012- Predrag Brzaković -Serbian footballer (b. 1964)

2012- James "Sugar Boy" Crawford -American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1934)

2012- Pierre Mondy -French actor and director (b. 1925)

2012- Nevin Spence -Irish rugby player (b. 1990)

2013- Habib Munzir Al-Musawa -Indonesian cleric and scholar (b. 1973)

2013- Jerry G. Bishop -American radio and television host (b. 1936)

2013- Gerard Cafesjian -American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1925)

2013- Joyce Jacobs -English-Australian actress (b. 1922)

2013- Jackie Lomax -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)

2013- Tomás Ó Canainn -Irish singer-songwriter and Uilleann pipes|pipe player (b. 1930)

2013- Émile Turlant -French centenarian (b. 1904)

2014- John Anderson, Jr. -American lawyer and politician, 36th Governor of Kansas (b. 1917)

2014- Jackie Cain -American singer (Jackie and Roy) (b. 1928)

2014- Eugene I. Gordon -American physicist and engineer (b. 1930)

2014- Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia -(b. 1922)

2014- Jürg Schubiger -Swiss psychotherapist and author (b. 1936)

2014- Wayne Tefs -Canadian anthologist, author, and critic (b. 1947)