This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-14

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

81- Domitian -becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus.

326- Helena of Constantinople -discovers the True Cross and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre|Holy Sepulchre (Jesus's tomb) in Jerusalem.

629-Emperor Heraclius -enters Constantinople in triumph after his victory over the Sassanid Empire|Persian Empire.

786-"Night of the three Caliphs": Harun al-Rashid -becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi. Birth of Harun's son al-Ma'mun.

1180- Battle of Ishibashiyama -in Japan.

1607- Flight of the Earls -from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.

1682- Bishop Gore School -one of the oldest schools in Wales, is founded.

1741- George Frideric Handel -completes his oratorio ''Messiah (Handel)|Messiah''

1752-The British Empire -adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).

1763- Seneca people|Seneca -warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Devil's Hole during Pontiac's War.

1791-The Papal States -lose Avignon to the First French Empire|French Empire.

1808- Finnish War -Russians defeat the Swedes in the bloody Battle of Oravais.

1812- Napoleonic Wars -The French Grande Armée enters Moscow. The Fire of Moscow (1812)|Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.

1814-The poem ''Defence of Fort McHenry'' is written by Francis Scott Key -The poem is later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.

1829-The Ottoman Empire -signs the Treaty of Adrianople (1829)|Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War (1828–29)|Russo-Turkish War.

1846- Jang Bahadur -and his brothers Kot massacre|massacre about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court.

1847- Mexican–American War -Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.

1862- American Civil War -The Battle of South Mountain, part of the Maryland Campaign, is fought.

1901-President of the United States William McKinley -dies after an Assassination of William McKinley|assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.

1917-Russia is officially proclaimed a republic -

1939- World War II -The Estonian military boards the Polish submarine {{ship|ORP|Orzeł|1938|6}} in Tallinn, sparking a Orzeł incident|diplomatic incident that the Soviet Union will later use to justify the annexation of Estonia.

1940- Ip massacre -The Hungarian Army, supported by Hungarians in Romania|local Hungarians, kill 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, an act of ethnic cleansing.

1944-World War II: Maastricht -becomes the first Dutch city to be liberated by Allies of World War II|allied forces.

1954-In a Totskoye nuclear exercise|top secret nuclear test -a Soviet Tupolev Tu-4|Tu-4 bomber drops a 40 kiloton atomic weapon just north of Totskoye village.

1958-The first two German post-war Mohr rocket|rockets -designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, reach the upper atmosphere.

1959-The Soviet probe '' Luna 2 -' crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.

1960-The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ( OPEC -is founded.

1960- Congo Crisis -With Central Intelligence Agency|CIA help, Mobutu Sese Seko seizes power in a military coup, suspending parliament and the constitution.

1969-The US Selective Service -selects September 14 as the First Draft lottery (1969)|Draft Lottery Date.

1975-The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton -is canonized by Pope Paul VI.

1979- President of Afghanistan|Afghan President -Nur Muhammad Taraki is assassinated upon the order of Hafizullah Amin, who becomes the new president.

1982-President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel -is assassinated.

1984- Joe Kittinger -becomes the first person to fly a gas balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.

1985- Penang Bridge -the longest bridge in Malaysia, connecting the island of Penang to the mainland, opens to traffic.

1987-The Toronto Blue Jays -set a record for the most home runs in a single game, hitting 10 of them.

1992-The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina -declares the breakaway Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia to be illegal.

1994-The Major League Baseball -season is canceled because of a 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike|strike.

1995- Body Worlds -opens in Tokyo, Japan

1998-Telecommunications companies MCI Communications -and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.

1999- Kiribati -Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.

2000- Microsoft -releases Windows ME.

2001-Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral -for victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks|September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation's capital.

2003-In a referendum, Estonia -approves joining the European Union.

2007- Late-2000s financial crisis -The Northern Rock bank experiences the first bank run in the United Kingdom in 150 years.

2008-All 88 people on board Aeroflot Flight 821 -are killed when the plane crashes on approach to Perm Airport.

Famous Birthdays

1384- Ephraim of Nea Makri -Greek martyr and saint (d. 1426)

1388- Claudius Clavus -Danish geographer and cartographer (d. 1438)

1486- Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa -German theologian, astrologer, and alchemist (d. 1535)

1543- Claudio Acquaviva -Italian priest, 5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1615)

1547- Johan van Oldenbarnevelt -Dutch politician (d. 1619)

1580- Francisco de Quevedo -Spanish poet and politician (d. 1645)

1656- Thomas Baker (antiquarian)|Thomas Baker -English historian and author (d. 1746)

1713- Johann Kies -German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1781)

1721- Eliphalet Dyer -American colonel, lawyer, and politician (d. 1807)

1737- Michael Haydn -Austrian composer (d. 1806)

1769- Alexander von Humboldt -German geographer and explorer (d. 1859)

1774- Lord William Bentinck -English general and politician, 14th Governor-General of India (d. 1839)

1791- Franz Bopp -German linguist and academic (d. 1867)

1804- John Gould -English ornithologist and illustrator (d. 1881)

1804- Louis Désiré Maigret -French bishop (d. 1882)

1837- Nikolai Bugaev -Georgian-Russian mathematician and philosopher (d. 1903)

1847- Fanny Holland -English actress and singer (d. 1931)

1850- Anton Mahnič -Slovenian bishop, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1920)

1853- Ponnambalam Arunachalam -Sri Lankan politician (d. 1924)

1860- Hamlin Garland -American author and poet (d. 1940)

1864- Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood -English lawyer and politician, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)

1865- Edgar Aabye -Danish tug of war competitor (d. 1941)

1867- Charles Dana Gibson -American illustrator (d. 1944)

1868- Théodore Botrel -French singer-songwriter, poet, and playwright (d. 1925)

1869- Kid Nichols -American baseball player and manager (d. 1953)

1872- John Olof Dahlgren -Swedish-American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1963)

1879- Margaret Sanger -American nurse and activist (d. 1966)

1880- Benjamin (Fedchenkov)|Benjamin -Russian missionary and bishop (d. 1961)

1880- Archie Hahn -American sprinter (d. 1955)

1883- Richard Gerstl -Austrian painter and illustrator (d. 1908)

1885- Vittorio Gui -Italian conductor, composer, and critic (d. 1975)

1886- Jan Masaryk -Czech politician, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Czechoslovakia)|Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia (d. 1948)

1887- Paul Kochanski -Polish violinist and composer (d. 1934)

1889- María Capovilla -Ecuadorian super-centenarian (d. 2006)

1891- Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov -Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1983)

1896- José Mojica -Mexican tenor and actor (d. 1974)

1898- Lawrence Gellert -Hungarian-American music collector (d. 1979)

1898- Ernest Nash -German-Italian photographer and scholar (d. 1974)

1898- Hal B. Wallis -American actor and producer (d. 1986)

1902- Giorgos Papasideris -Greek singer-songwriter (d. 1977)

1902- Alice Tully -American soprano and philanthropist (d. 1993)

1903- Mart Raud -Estonian poet and author (d. 1980)

1905- Petronella van Randwijk -Dutch gymnast (d. 1978)

1909- Peter Scott -English ornithologist, painter, and sailor (d. 1989)

1909- Stuff Smith -American violinist (d. 1967)

1910- Lehman Engel -American composer and conductor (d. 1982)

1910- Jack Hawkins -English actor and producer (d. 1973)

1910- Yiannis Latsis -Greek businessman (d. 2003)

1910- Rolf Liebermann -Swiss-French composer and manager (d. 1999)

1911- William H. Armstrong -American author and educator (d. 1999)

1913- Jacobo Árbenz -Guatemalan captain and politician, President of Guatemala (d. 1971)

1913- Annalisa Ericson -Swedish actress and singer (d. 2011)

1913- Rubby Sherr -American physicist and academic (d. 2013)

1914- Mae Boren Axton -American songwriter (d. 1997)

1914- Lída Baarová -Czech-Austrian actress (d. 2000)

1914- Kay Medford -American actress (d. 1980)

1914- Clayton Moore -American actor (d. 1999)

1915- John Dobson (amateur astronomer)|John Dobson -Chinese-American astronomer and author, deigned the Dobsonian telescope (d. 2014)

1916- Eric Bentley -English-American singer, playwright, and critic

1916- John Heyer -Australian director and producer (d. 2001)

1917- Rudolf Baumgartner -Swiss violinist and conductor (d. 2002)

1917- Phyllis Frost -Australian philanthropist (d. 2004)

1918- Georges Berger -Belgian race car driver (d. 1967)

1918- Cachao López -Cuban-American bassist and composer (d. 2008)

1919- Deryck Cooke -English musicologist and broadcaster (d. 1976)

1919- Gil Langley -Australian cricketer, footballer, and politician (d. 2001)

1919- Olga Lowe -South African-English actress (d. 2013)

1920- Mario Benedetti -Uruguayan journalist and author (d. 2009)

1920- Lawrence Klein -American economist and academic, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)

1920- Alberto Calderón -Argentinian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1998)

1921- Constance Baker Motley -American lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 2005)

1921- A. Jean de Grandpré -Canadian lawyer, businessman, and academic

1921- Paul Poberezny -American pilot and businessman, founded the Experimental Aircraft Association (d. 2013)

1921- Dario Vittori -Italian-Argentinian actor and producer (d. 2001)

1922- Michel Auclair -German-French actor (d. 1988)

1922- Alfred Käärmann -Estonian soldier and author (d. 2010)

1923- Nicholas Georgiadis -Greek painter and costume designer (d. 2001)

1924- Patricia Barringer -American baseball player and accountant (d. 2007)

1924- Jerry Coleman -American baseball player and manager (d. 2014)

1924- Abioseh Nicol -Sierra Leonean-English physician, academic, and diplomat (d. 1994)

1924- Wim Polak -Dutch journalist and politician, List of mayors of Amsterdam|Mayor of Amsterdam (d. 1999)

1926- Michel Butor -French author

1926- Richard Ellsasser -American organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1972)

1927- Martin Caidin -American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)

1927- Jim Fanning -American baseball player and manager

1927- Edmund Szoka -American cardinal (d. 2014)

1928- Jay Cameron -American reed player and saxophonist (d. 2001)

1928- Angus Ogilvy -English businessman (d. 2004)

1929- Larry Collins (writer)|Larry Collins -American-French journalist, historian, and author (d. 2005)

1929- Maurice Vachon -Canadian-American wrestler (d. 2013)

1930- Allan Bloom -American philosopher and academic (d. 1992)

1930- Romola Costantino -Australian pianist and critic (d. 1988)

1930- Eugene I. Gordon -American physicist and engineer (d. 2014)

1932- Harry Sinden -Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1932- John Tembo -Malawian politician

1933- Zoe Caldwell -Australian actress

1933- Harve Presnell -American actor and singer (d. 2009)

1934- Sarah Kofman -French philosopher and academic (d. 1994)

1934- Bob Maguire -Australian priest and radio host

1934- Kate Millett -American author and activist

1934- Don Walser -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)

1935- Fujio Akatsuka -Japanese illustrator (d. 2008)

1935- Amanda Barrie -English actress and singer

1936- Harry Danielsen -Norwegian educator and politician (d. 2011)

1936- Terence Donovan (photographer)|Terence Donovan -English photographer and director (d. 1996)

1936- Walter Koenig -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1936- Ferid Murad -American physician and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate

1936- Lucas Samaras -Greek-American painter and photographer

1937- Renzo Piano -Italian architect, designed The Shard and The New York Times Building

1938- Franco Califano -Libyan-Italian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2013)

1938- Nicol Williamson -Scottish-Dutch actor (d. 2011)

1939- DeWitt Weaver (golfer)|DeWitt Weaver -American golfer

1940- Larry Brown (basketball)|Larry Brown -American basketball player and coach

1940- Jacques Godin -Canadian actor

1941- Ian Kennedy (lawyer)|Ian Kennedy -English lawyer and academic

1941- Alberto Naranjo -Venezuelan drummer and composer

1941- Alex St. Clair -American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2006)

1942- Oliver Lake -American saxophonist, flute player, and composer (World Saxophone Quartet)

1942- Roger Lyons -English union leader

1942- Bernard MacLaverty -Irish author, playwright, and screenwriter

1943- Irwin Goodman -Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1991)

1943- Marcos Valle -Brazilian singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer

1944- Joey Heatherton -American actress, singer, and dancer

1944- Günter Netzer -German footballer and manager

1945- Martin Tyler -English sportscaster

1946- Jim Angle -American journalist

1946- Wolfgang Sühnholz -German-American soccer player and coach

1947- Jon Bauman -American singer and actor (Sha Na Na)

1947- Sam Neill -Irish-New Zealand actor and director

1948- Marc Reisner -American environmentalist and author (d. 2000)

1949- Steve Gaines -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd and Detroit (band)|Detroit) (d. 1977)

1949- Ed King -American guitarist and songwriter (Lynyrd Skynyrd, Hunger (band)|Hunger, and Strawberry Alarm Clock)

1949- Tommy Seebach -Danish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (Sir Henry and his Butlers) (d. 2003)

1949- Fred "Sonic" Smith -American guitarist and songwriter (MC5 and Sonic's Rendezvous Band) (d. 1994)

1949- Eikichi Yazawa -Japanese singer-songwriter

1950- Paul Kossoff -English guitarist and songwriter (free (band)|Free, Black Cat Bones, and Back Street Crawler (band)|Back Street Crawler) (d. 1976)

1950- Masami Kuwashima -Japanese race car driver

1950- Mike Nifong -American lawyer and politician

1950- John Steptoe -American author and illustrator (d. 1989)

1953- Tom Cora -American cellist and composer (Skeleton Crew (band)|Skeleton Crew, Third Person (band)|Third Person, and Curlew (band)|Curlew) (d. 1998)

1953- Judy Playfair -Australian swimmer

1954- Barry Cowsill -American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (The Cowsills) (d. 2005)

1955- Steve Berlin -American saxophonist, keyboard player, and producer (Los Lobos, The Flesh Eaters (band)|The Flesh Eaters, and The Blasters)

1955- Geraldine Brooks (writer)|Geraldine Brooks -Australian-American journalist and author

1955- William Jackson (Scottish composer)|William Jackson -Scottish harp player and composer (Ossian (band)|Ossian)

1956- Paul Allott -English cricketer and sportscaster

1956- Kostas Karamanlis -Greek lawyer and politician, 181st Prime Minister of Greece

1956- Nathalie Roussel -French actress

1956- Ray Wilkins -English footballer and manager

1956- Lefteris Zagoritis -Greek politician

1957- Tim Wallach -American baseball player and coach

1957- Kepler Wessels -South African cricketer and coach

1958- Arlindo Cruz -Brazilian singer-songwriter (Grupo Fundo de Quintal)

1958- Beth Nielsen Chapman -American singer-songwriter

1959- John Berry (singer)|John Berry -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1959- Mary Crosby -American actress

1959- Morten Harket -Norwegian singer-songwriter (A-ha)

1960- Ronald Lengkeek -Dutch footballer

1960- Melissa Leo -American actress and producer

1960- Callum Keith Rennie -English-Canadian actor and producer

1961- Martina Gedeck -German actress

1961- Freeman Mbowe -Tanzanian politician

1961- Wendy Thomas -American businesswoman

1962- Tom Kurvers -American ice hockey player and sportscaster

1963- Tony Becker -American actor

1963- Robin Singh -Trinidadian-Indian cricketer and coach

1964- Stephen Dunham -American actor (d. 2012)

1964- Faith Ford -American actress and producer

1965- Emily Bell -English journalist and academic

1965- Dmitry Medvedev -Russian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Russia

1965- Kevin O'Hare -English ballet dancer and director

1965- Michelle Stafford -American actress, producer, and screenwriter

1967- Ariel (DJ)|Ariel -Argentinian-English DJ and producer

1967- Dan Cortese -American actor

1967- Jens Lien -Norwegian director, producer, and screenwriter

1967- Anna Malle -American porn actress and director (d. 2006)

1967- K. C. Martel -Canadian actor

1967- John Power (musician)|John Power -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The La's and Cast (band)|Cast)

1968- Tanel Joamets -Estonian pianist

1968- Grant Shapps -English politician

1969- Konstadinos Koukodimos -Australian-Greek long jumper and politician

1970- Francesco Casagrande -Italian cyclist

1970- Ben Garant -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1970- Craig Montoya -American singer-songwriter and bass player (Everclear (band)|Everclear)

1970- Enrique Plancarte Solís -Mexican drug lord (d. 2014)

1970- Mark Webber (guitarist)|Mark Webber -English guitarist (Pulp (band)|Pulp)

1971- Jeff Loomis -American guitarist and songwriter (Nevermore and Sanctuary (band)|Sanctuary)

1971- Andre Matos -Brazilian singer-songwriter and pianist (Viper (band)|Viper, Angra (band)|Angra, Shaman (Brazilian band)|Shaman, and Symfonia)

1971- Christopher McCulloch -American voice actor, producer, and screenwriter

1971- Kimberly Williams-Paisley -American actress, director, and producer

1972- David Bell (baseball)|David Bell -American baseball player and coach

1973- Nas -American rapper and actor (The Firm (hip hop group)|The Firm)

1973- Tony Bui -Vietnamese director, producer, and screenwriter

1973- Terrell Fletcher -American football player

1973- Mic Geronimo -American rapper

1973- Andrew Lincoln -English actor

1973- Linvoy Primus -English footballer

1973- Mike Ward (comedian)|Mike Ward -Canadian comedian and actor

1974- Chad Bradford -American baseball player

1974- Hicham El Guerrouj -Moroccan runner

1974- Mattias Marklund -Swedish guitarist (Vintersorg)

1974- Helgi Sigurðsson -Icelandic footballer

1974- Patrick van Balkom -Dutch sprinter

1976- Agustín Calleri -Argentinian tennis player

1977- Mattias Agabus -Estonian architect

1977- Malik Bendjelloul -Swedish director and producer (d. 2014)

1977- Thomas Leeb -Austrian guitarist

1978- Ben Cohen (rugby union)|Ben Cohen -English rugby player

1978- Carmen Kass -Estonian model and actress

1978- Silvia Navarro -Mexican actress

1978- Danielle Peck -American singer-songwriter

1979- Jesse Marunde -American strongman (d. 2007)

1979- Ivica Olić -Croatian footballer

1979- Stefan Stam -Dutch footballer

1980- Ayọ -German singer-songwriter and actress

1981- Miyavi -Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Dué le Quartz and Skin (Japanese band)|S.K.I.N.)

1981- Katie Lee (food critic)|Katie Lee -American chef, author, and critic

1981- Stefan Reisinger -German footballer

1981- Ashley Roberts -American singer, dancer, and actress (Pussycat Dolls)

1982- Lethal Bizzle -English rapper (More Fire Crew)

1982- Hiroki Narimiya -Japanese actor

1982- Petr Průcha -Czech ice hockey player

1983- Arash Borhani -Iranian footballer

1983- Josh Outman -American baseball player

1983- Frostee Rucker -American football player

1983- Amy Winehouse -English singer-songwriter (d. 2011)

1984- Sonja Bertram -German actress

1984- Adam Lamberg -American actor

1984- Tom Veelers -Dutch cyclist

1985- Paolo Gregoletto -American bass player (Trivium (band)|Trivium)

1985- Trevis Smith -American football player

1985- Aya Ueto -Japanese actress and singer (Z-1 (band)|Z-1)

1985- Delmon Young -American baseball player

1986- SoShy -French-American singer-songwriter

1986- Jonathan Monaghan -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1986- Steven Naismith -Scottish footballer

1986- Alan Sheehan -Irish footballer

1986- Tinchy Stryder -Ghanaian-English rapper and producer (Roll Deep)

1986- Ai Takahashi -Japanese singer and actress (Morning Musume, Minimoni, Elegies (J-pop)|Elegies, and High-King)

1986- A.J. Trauth -American actor

1987- Michael Crabtree -American football player

1988- Martin Fourcade -French biathlete

1988- Kirsten Haglund -American model, Miss America|Miss America 2008

1988- Diogo Salomão -Portuguese footballer

1989- Logan Henderson -American singer-songwriter and actor (Big Time Rush)

1989- Jesse James (actor)|Jesse James -American actor

1989- Lee Jong-suk -South Korean actor and model

1991- Dee Milliner -American football player

History of Deaths

23- Drusus Julius Caesar -Roman son of Tiberius (b. 13 BC)

258- Cyprian -African bishop (b. 200)

407- John Chrysostom -Byzantine archbishop (b. 347)

585- Emperor Bidatsu -of Japan (b. 538)

775- Constantine V -Byzantine emperor (b. 718)

786- Al-Hadi -Iraqi caliph (b. 764)

1146- Imad ad-Din Zengi -Syrian ruler (b. 1087)

1164- Emperor Sutoku -of Japan (b. 1119)

1214- Albert Avogadro -Italian lawyer, patriarch, and saint (b. 1149)

1404- Albert IV, Duke of Austria -(b. 1377)

1435- John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford -English politician, List of Lords High Admiral|Lord High Admiral (b. 1389)

1523- Pope Adrian VI -(b. 1459)

1538- Henry III of Nassau-Breda -(b. 1483)

1605- Jan Tarnowski (1550–1605)|Jan Tarnowski -Polish archbishop (b. 1550)

1638- John Harvard (clergyman)|John Harvard -English-American minister and philanthropist (b. 1607)

1646- Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex -English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire (b. 1591)

1712- Giovanni Domenico Cassini -Italian-French mathematician, astronomer, and engineer (b. 1625)

1715- Dom Pérignon (monk)|Dom Pérignon -French monk (b. 1638)

1743- Nicolas Lancret -French painter (b. 1690)

1749- Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham -English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (b. 1675)

1759- Louis-Joseph de Montcalm -French general (b. 1712)

1807- George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend -English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1724)

1836- Aaron Burr -American colonel and politician, 3rd Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)

1851- James Fenimore Cooper -American soldier and author (b. 1789)

1852- Augustus Pugin -English architect, designed Scarisbrick Hall (b. 1812)

1852- Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington -Irish-English field marshal and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1769)

1862- Charles Pearson -English lawyer and politician (b. 1793)

1862- Charles Lennox Richardson -English-Chinese merchant (b. 1834)

1879- Bernhard von Cotta -German geologist and author (b. 1808)

1891- Johannes Bosboom -Dutch painter (b. 1817)

1898- William Seward Burroughs I -American businessman, founded the Burroughs Corporation (b. 1857)

1901- William McKinley -American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 25th President of the United States (b. 1843)

1905- Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza -Italian-French explorer (b. 1852)

1916- José Echegaray -Spanish engineer, mathematician, and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)

1927- Isadora Duncan -American-Russian dancer and choreographer (b. 1877)

1931- Tom Roberts -English-Australian painter (b. 1856)

1936- Ossip Gabrilowitsch -Russian-American pianist and conductor (b. 1878)

1936- Irving Thalberg -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1899)

1937- Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk -Czech sociologist and politician, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1850)

1942- E. S. Gosney -American eugenicist and philanthropist, founded Human Betterment Foundation (b. 1855)

1949- Romuald Joubé -French actor (b. 1876)

1951- Fritz Busch -German conductor and director (b. 1890)

1952- John McPhee (politician)|John McPhee -Australian politician, 27th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1874)

1956- Frederick Steep -Canadian soccer player (b. 1874)

1959- Wayne Morris (American actor)|Wayne Morris -American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1914)

1960- M. Karagatsis -Greek author, playwright, and critic (b. 1908)

1961- Ernst Gustav Kühnert -Estonian-German architect and historian (b. 1885)

1962- Frederick Schule -American hurdler, football player, and coach (b. 1879)

1965- J. W. Hearne -English cricketer (b. 1891)

1965- Lydia Mei -Estonian painter (b. 1896)

1966- Gertrude Berg -American actress and screenwriter (b. 1899)

1966- Nikolay Cherkasov -Russian actor (b. 1903)

1966- Hiram Wesley Evans -American Ku Klux Klan leader (b. 1881)

1974- Warren Hull -American actor and singer (b. 1903)

1975- Walter Herbert (conductor)|Walter Herbert -German-American conductor (b. 1902)

1979- Nur Muhammad Taraki -Afghan journalist and politician, 3rd President of Afghanistan (b. 1917)

1981- Furry Lewis -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1899)

1981- William Loeb III -American publisher (b. 1905)

1982- Christian Ferras -French violinist (b. 1933)

1982- John Gardner (American writer)|John Gardner -American author and critic (b. 1933)

1982- Bachir Gemayel -Lebanese commander and politician (b. 1947)

1982- Grace Kelly -American-Monacan actress and singer (b. 1929)

1984- Janet Gaynor -American actress and singer (b. 1906)

1986- Gordon McLendon -American broadcaster, founded the Liberty Broadcasting System (b. 1921)

1989- Pérez Prado -Cuban-Mexican singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1916)

1991- Julie Bovasso -American actress (b. 1930)

1991- Russell Lynes -American historian, photographer, and author (b. 1910)

1992- August Komendant -Estonian-American engineer (b. 1906)

1992- Paul Joseph James Martin -Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada)|Minister of Foreign Affairs for Canada (b. 1903)

1994- Marika Krevata -Greek actress (b. 1910)

1995- Maurice K. Goddard -American politician (b. 1912)

1996- Rose Ouellette -Canadian actress (b. 1903)

1996- Juliet Prowse -Indian-South African actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1937)

1999- Charles Crichton -English director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)

1999- Giannos Kranidiotis -Greek politician (b. 1947)

2000- Beah Richards -American actress, playwright, and poet (b. 1920)

2000- Jerzy Giedroyc -Belarusian-Polish soldier and activist (b. 1906)

2001- Stelios Kazantzidis -Greek singer and guitarist (b. 1931)

2003- Jerry Fleck -American actor and director (b. 1947)

2003- Garrett Hardin -American ecologist and author (b. 1915)

2003- Murder of Yetunde Price|Yetunde Price -American murder victim (b. 1972)

2003- John Serry, Sr. -American accordion player and composer (b. 1915)

2005- William Berenberg -American physician and academic (b. 1915)

2005- Frances Newton -American murderer (b. 1965)

2005- Vladimir Volkoff -French author (b. 1932)

2005- Robert Wise -American director and producer (b. 1914)

2006- Norman Brooks (singer)|Norman Brooks -Canadian singer and actor (b. 1928)

2006- Mickey Hargitay -Hungarian-American bodybuilder and actor (b. 1926)

2006- Esme Melville -Australian actress (b. 1918)

2007- Jacques Martin (TV host)|Jacques Martin -French television host and producer (b. 1933)

2007- Robert Savoie -Canadian opera singer (b. 1927)

2008- Hyman Golden -American businessman, co-founded Snapple (b. 1923)

2008- Ștefan Iordache -Romanian actor and singer (b. 1941)

2009- Keith Floyd -English chef and author (b. 1943)

2009- Henry Gibson -American actor and singer (b. 1935)

2009- Jody Powell -American diplomat, White House Press Secretary (b. 1943)

2009- Darren Sutherland -Irish boxer (b. 1982)

2009- Patrick Swayze -American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1952)

2012- Jacques Antoine -French game show producer, created ''The Crystal Maze'' and ''Fort Boyard (TV series)|Fort Boyard'' (b. 1924)

2012- Eduardo Castro Luque -Mexican politician (b. 1963)

2012- Stephen Dunham -American actor (b. 1964)

2012- Winston Rekert -Canadian actor and director (b. 1949)

2012- András Szente -Hungarian canoe racer (b. 1939)

2012- Kan Yuet-keung -Hong Kong banker, lawyer, and politician (b. 1913)

2013- Maksym Bilyi (footballer, born 1989)|Maksym Bilyi -Ukrainian footballer (b. 1989)

2013- John Curtiss -English air marshal (b. 1924)

2013- Osama El-Baz -Egyptian diplomat (b. 1931)

2013- Faith Leech -Australian swimmer (b. 1941)

2013- Jorge Pedreros -Chilean actor and singer (b. 1942)

2013- Amund Venger -Norwegian politician (b. 1943)

2014- Behrens (horse)|Behrens -American race horse (b. 1994)

2014- Tony Auth -American illustrator (b. 1942)

2014- Peter Gutteridge -New Zealand singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Clean, The Chills, and Snapper (band)|Snapper) (b. 1961)

2014- Boris Khimichev -Ukrainian-Russian actor (b. 1933)

2014- Angus Lennie -Scottish-English actor (b. 1930)

2014- E. Jennifer Monaghan -English-American historian, author, and academic (b. 1933)