This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-13

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

585 BC- Lucius Tarquinius Priscus -king of Ancient Rome|Rome, celebrates a Roman triumph|triumph for his Roman-Sabine wars#War with Tarquinius Priscus|victories over the Sabines, and the surrender of Collatia.

509 BC-The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus -on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the Roman calendar|ides of September.

335-Emperor Constantine the Great -consecrated the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Old City (Jerusalem)|Jerusalem.

379- Yax Nuun Ayiin I -is coronated as 15 Ajaw of Tikal

533- Belisarius -of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, North Africa.

1229- Ögedei Khan -is proclaimed Khagan of the Mongol Empire in Kodoe Aral, Khentii: Mongolia.

1501- Michelangelo -begins work on his statue of David (Michelangelo)|David.

1504- Isabella I of Castile|Queen Isabella -and Ferdinand II of Aragon|King Ferdinand issue a ''Royal Warrant'' for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Royal Chapel of Granada|Capilla Real) to be built.

1541-After three years of exile, John Calvin -returns to Geneva to reform the church under a body of doctrine known as Calvinism.

1584- San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace -in Madrid is finished.

1609- Henry Hudson -reaches the river that would later be named after him

1743-Great Britain, Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia -sign the Treaty of Worms (1743)|Treaty of Worms.

1759- Battle of the Plains of Abraham -the British defeat the French near Quebec City in the Seven Years' War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War.

1782- American Revolutionary War -Franco-Spanish troops launch the unsuccessful "grand assault" during the Great Siege of Gibraltar.

1788-The Philadelphia Convention -sets the date for the first presidential election in the United States, and New York City becomes the country's temporary capital.

1791-King Louis XVI of France -accepts the French Constitution of 1791|new constitution.

1808- Finnish War -In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russian Empire|Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.

1812- War of 1812 -A supply wagon sent to relieve Siege of Fort Harrison|Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Siege of Fort Harrison#Attacks at the Narrows|Attack at the Narrows.

1814-In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore -During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which is later set to music and becomes The Star-Spangled Banner|the United States' national anthem.

1843-The Greek Army 3 September 1843 Revolution|rebels -(Old Style and New Style dates|OS date: September 3) against the autocratic rule of king Otto of Greece, demanding the granting of a constitution.

1847- Mexican–American War -Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American troops under General Winfield Scott capture Mexico City in the Mexican–American War.

1848-Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage -survives a {{convert|3|ft|m|adj=on}}-plus iron rod being driven through his head; the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate thinking about the nature of the brain and its functions.

1850-First ascent of Piz Bernina -the highest summit of the eastern Alps.

1862- American Civil War -Union (American Civil War)|Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee's battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam.

1882- Anglo-Egyptian War (1882)|Anglo-Egyptian War -The Battle of Tel el-Kebir is fought.

1898- Hannibal Goodwin -patents celluloid photographic film.

1899- Henry H. Bliss|Henry Bliss -is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.

1899- Halford Mackinder|Mackinder -Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199 m

1900- Filipino people|Filipino -resistance fighters defeat a small American Column (formation)|column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War.

1906-First flight of a fixed-wing aircraft -in Europe.

1914- World War I -South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.

1914-World War I: The First Battle of the Aisne|Battle of Aisne -begins between Germany and France.

1922-The final act of the Greco-Turkish War (1919–22)|Greco-Turkish War -the Great Fire of Smyrna, commences.

1923-Following a military coup -in Spain, Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.

1933- Elizabeth McCombs -becomes the first woman Lyttelton by-election, 1933|elected to the New Zealand Parliament.

1935- Rockslide -near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the International Railway (New York–Ontario).

1942- World War II -Second day of the Battle of Edson's Ridge in the Guadalcanal Campaign. United States Marine Corps|U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces.

1943-The Municipal Theatre of Corfu -is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.

1948-Deputy Primer Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel -ordered the Army to move into the Hyderabad State|Hyderabad to integrate it with Indian Union.

1948- Margaret Chase Smith -is elected senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. United States House of Representatives|House of Representatives and the United States Senate.

1953- Nikita Khrushchev -is appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

1956-The Dike (construction)|dike -around the Dutch polder Zuiderzee Works#The Flevolands|East Flevoland is closed.

1956-The IBM 305 RAMAC -is introduced, the first commercial computer to use disk storage.

1964- Army of the Republic of Vietnam|South Vietnamese -Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức fail in a September 1964 South Vietnamese coup attempt|coup attempt against General Nguyễn Khánh.

1968- People's Socialist Republic of Albania|Albania -leaves the Warsaw Pact.

1971-State police and United States National Guard|National Guardsmen -storm New York's Attica Prison to quell a Attica Prison riot|prison revolt.

1971-People's Republic of China: Chairman Mao Zedong -s second in command and successor Marshal Lin Biao flees the country via plane after the failure of alleged coup against Mao. The plane crashes in Mongolia, killing all aboard.

1979-South Africa grants independence to the "homeland" of Venda -(not recognised outside South Africa).

1985-'' Super Mario Bros. -' is released in Japan for the Nintendo Entertainment System|NES, which starts the ''Super Mario (series)|Super Mario'' series of platforming games.

1987- Goiânia accident -A radioactive object is stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goiânia, Brazil, contaminating many people in the following weeks and causing some to die from radiation poisoning.

1988- Hurricane Gilbert -is the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere, later replaced by Hurricane Wilma in 2005 (based on barometric pressure).

1989-Largest anti- Apartheid -march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu.

1993-Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin -shakes hands with Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House after signing the Oslo Accords granting limited Palestinian autonomy.

1994- Ulysses probe -passes the Sun's south pole.

2001-Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the United States after the September 11 attacks -

2006- Kimveer Gill -kills one student and injures 19 more in the Dawson College shooting.

2007-The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples -is adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

2008- Delhi -India, is hit by a 13 September 2008 Delhi bombings|series of bomb blasts, resulting in 30 deaths and 130 injuries.

2008- Hurricane Ike -makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast of the United States, causing heavy damage to Galveston Island, Houston and surrounding areas.

2013- Taliban -insurgents 2013 attack on U.S. consulate in Herat|attack the United States consulate in Herat, Afghanistan, with two members of the Afghan National Police reported dead and about 20 civilians injured.

Famous Birthdays

64- Julia Flavia -Roman daughter of Titus (d. 91)

678- K'inich Ahkal Mo' Naab' III -Mayan ruler (d. 730)

1087- John II Komnenos -Byzantine emperor (d. 1143)

1475- Cesare Borgia -Italian cardinal (d. 1507)

1502- John Leland (antiquary)|John Leland -English poet and historian (d. 1552)

1521- William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley -English academic and politician, Lord High Treasurer (d. 1598)

1583- Girolamo Frescobaldi -Italian pianist and composer (d. 1643)

1594- Francesco Manelli -Italian theorbo player and composer (d. 1667)

1601- Jan Brueghel the Younger -Flemish painter (d. 1678)

1604- Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet -English commander and politician (d. 1661)

1676- Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans -French wife of Leopold, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1741)

1766- Samuel Wilson -American meat-packer, namesake of Uncle Sam (d. 1854)

1775- Laura Secord -American-Canadian War of 1812|war heroine (d. 1868)

1802- Arnold Ruge -German philosopher and author (d. 1880)

1813- John Sedgwick -American general (d. 1864)

1819- Clara Schumann -German pianist and composer (d. 1896)

1830- Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach -Austrian author (d. 1916)

1842- John H. Bankhead -American soldier and politician (d. 1920)

1851- Walter Reed -American physician and biologist (d. 1902)

1857- Michał Drzymała -Polish rebel and activist (d. 1937)

1857- Milton S. Hershey -American businessman, founded The Hershey Company (d. 1945)

1860- John J. Pershing -American general (d. 1948)

1865- William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood -Indian-English field marshal (d. 1951)

1866- Ole Østmo -Norwegian target shooter (d. 1923)

1872- Kijūrō Shidehara -Japanese politician, 44th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)

1873- Constantin Carathéodory -German mathematician and author (d. 1950)

1874- Henry F. Ashurst -American lawyer and politician (d. 1962)

1874- Arnold Schoenberg -Austrian composer and painter (d. 1951)

1876- Sherwood Anderson -American author (d. 1941)

1877- Wilhelm Filchner -German explorer (d. 1957)

1877- Stanley Lord -English captain (d. 1962)

1880- Jesse L. Lasky -American film producer, co-founded Famous Players-Lasky (d. 1958)

1880- Marcel Van Crombrugge -Belgian rower (d. 1940)

1882- Ramón Grau -Cuban physician and politician, 6th President of Cuba (d. 1969)

1883- LeRoy Samse -American pole vaulter (d. 1956)

1885- Wilhelm Blaschke -Austrian-German mathematician and academic (d. 1962)

1886- Amelie Beese -German pilot and sculptor (d. 1925)

1886- Robert Robinson (organic chemist)|Robert Robinson -English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)

1887- Leopold Ružička -Croatian-Swiss biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)

1890- Antony Noghès -French-Monacan businessman, founded the Monaco Grand Prix (d. 1978)

1891- Max Pruss -German captain (d. 1960)

1893- Larry Shields -American clarinet player (Original Dixieland Jass Band) (d. 1953)

1894- J. B. Priestley -English author and playwright (d. 1984)

1894- Julian Tuwim -Polish poet, playwright, and director (d. 1953)

1895- Morris Kirksey -American rugby player and sprinter (d. 1981)

1898- Roger Désormière -French conductor (d. 1963)

1898- C. Sittampalam -Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1964)

1899- Corneliu Zelea Codreanu -Romanian politician (d. 1938)

1901- James McCoubrey -Canadian-American super-centenarian (d. 2013)

1903- Claudette Colbert -French-American actress and singer (d. 1996)

1904- Gladys George -American actress and singer (d. 1954)

1908- Chu Berry -American saxophonist (d. 1941)

1908- Karolos Koun -Greek director and playwright (d. 1987)

1908- Sicco Mansholt -Dutch politician, 4th President of the European Commission (d. 1995)

1908- Mae Questel -American actress and singer (d. 1998)

1909- Ray Bowden -English footballer (d. 1998)

1909- Frits Thors -Dutch journalist (d. 2014)

1911- Bill Monroe -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996)

1912- Maurice K. Goddard -American politician (d. 1995)

1912- Reta Shaw -American actress and singer (d. 1982)

1914- Leonard Feather -English-American pianist, composer, producer, and journalist (d. 1994)

1916- Roald Dahl -English pilot, author, and screenwriter (d. 1990)

1917- Carol Kendall -American historian and author (d. 2012)

1917- Robert Ward (composer)|Robert Ward -American soldier, composer, and educator (d. 2013)

1918- Dick Haymes -Argentinian-American actor and singer (d. 1980)

1919- Mary Midgley -English philosopher and author

1919- George Weidenfeld, Baron Weidenfeld -Austrian-English publisher, philanthropist and politician

1920- Else Holmelund Minarik -Danish-American author (d. 2012)

1921- Alexander Schmemann -American priest and educator (d. 1983)

1922- Charles Brown (musician)|Charles Brown -American singer and pianist (d. 1999)

1922- Caroline Duby Glassman -American lawyer and jurist (d. 2013)

1922- Yma Sumac -Peruvian-American soprano (d. 2008)

1923- Édouard Boubat -French photographer and journalist (d. 1999)

1924- Norman Alden -American actor (d. 2012)

1924- Harold Blair -Australian tenor (d. 1976)

1924- Scott Brady -American actor (d. 1985)

1924- Maurice Jarre -French composer and conductor (d. 2009)

1925- Frank Cashen -American businessman (d. 2014)

1925- Mel Tormé -American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1999)

1926- Andrew Brimmer -American economist and academic (d. 2012)

1926- Emile Francis -Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1926- J. Frank Raley Jr. -American soldier and politician (d. 2012)

1927- Tzannis Tzannetakis -Greek soldier and politician, 175th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2010)

1929- Nicolai Ghiaurov -Bulgarian-Italian opera singer (d. 2004)

1930- Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron -English publisher

1931- Barbara Bain -American actress

1931- Robert Bédard (tennis)|Robert Bédard -Canadian tennis player and sportscaster

1931- Marjorie Jackson-Nelson -Australian sprinter and politician, 33rd Governor of South Australia

1932- Radoslav Brzobohatý -Czech actor (d. 2012)

1932- Bengt Hallberg -Swedish pianist and composer (d. 2013)

1933- Eileen Fulton -American actress

1933- Donald Mackay (anti-drugs campaigner)|Donald Mackay -Australian businessman and activist (d. 1977)

1933- Lewie Steinberg -American bass player (Booker T. & the M.G.'s)

1934- Tony Pickard -English tennis player and coach

1936- Stefano Delle Chiaie -Italian activist, founded National Vanguard (Italy)|National Vanguard

1936- Joe E. Tata -American actor

1937- Don Bluth -American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Sullivan Bluth Studios and Fox Animation Studios

1938- Judith Martin -American journalist and author

1938- John Smith (Labour Party leader)|John Smith -Scottish politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1994)

1939- Arleen Auger -American soprano (d. 1993)

1939- Richard Kiel -American actor (d. 2014)

1939- Joel-Peter Witkin -American photographer

1940- Óscar Arias -Costa Rican politician, President of Costa Rica, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate

1940- Kerry Stokes -Australian businessman

1941- Tadao Ando -Japanese architect, designed Piccadilly Gardens

1941- Ahmet Necdet Sezer -Turkish judge and politician, 10th President of the Republic of Turkey

1941- David Clayton-Thomas -English-Canadian singer-songwriter (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1942- Michel Côté (Canadian politician)|Michel Côté -Canadian businessman and politician

1943- Mildred D. Taylor -American author

1944- Carol Barnes -English journalist (d. 2008)

1944- Jacqueline Bisset -English actress and producer

1944- Peter Cetera -American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (Chicago (band)|Chicago)

1944- Midget Farrelly -Australian surfer

1944- Leslie Harvey -Scottish guitarist (Stone the Crows) (d. 1972)

1945- Noël Godin -Belgian actor, director, and screenwriter

1945- Andres Küng -Swedish journalist and politician (d. 2002)

1946- Frank Marshall (film producer)|Frank Marshall -American director and producer

1948- Nell Carter -American actress and singer (d. 2003)

1948- Dimitri Nanopoulos -Greek physicist and academic

1948- Sitiveni Rabuka -Fijian general and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Fiji

1949- John W. Henry -American businessman

1950- Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz -Polish lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Poland

1950- Jacky Robert -French-American chef

1950- Klaus Wunder -German footballer

1950- Pat Holland|Patsy Holland -English footballer and manager

1951- Anne Devlin (writer)|Anne Devlin -Irish author, playwright, and screenwriter

1951- Jean Smart -American actress and singer

1952- Randy Jones (singer)|Randy Jones -American singer (Village People)

1952- Iyanla Vanzant -American educator and author

1952- Don Was -American bass player and producer (Was (Not Was))

1954- Steve Kilbey -English-Australian singer-songwriter and bass player (The Church (band)|The Church and Jack Frost (band)|Jack Frost)

1955- Colin Moynihan, 4th Baron Moynihan -English rower and politician

1955- Joe Morris (guitarist)|Joe Morris -American guitarist and composer

1956- Alain Ducasse -French-Moroccan chef

1956- Anne Geddes -Australian-New Zealand photographer and fashion designer

1956- Kim Genelle -American model and actress

1957- Vinny Appice -American drummer (Black Sabbath, Dio (band)|Dio, and Heaven & Hell (band)|Heaven & Hell)

1957- Judy Blumberg -American ice dancer

1957- Mal Donaghy -Irish footballer and manager

1957- Brad Hooker -English-American philosopher and academic

1957- Eleanor King (judge)|Eleanor King -English lawyer and judge

1957- John G. Trueschler -American lawyer and politician

1958- Bobby Davro -English comedian and actor

1958- Paweł Przytocki -Polish conductor and academic

1959- Tatyana Mitkova -Russian journalist

1960- Greg Baldwin -American voice actor

1960- Dave Hardman -American porn actor

1961- Fiona (singer)|Fiona -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1961- Bobbie Cryner -American singer-songwriter

1961- Dave Mustaine -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Metallica, Megadeth, and MD.45)

1961- Peter Roskam -American lawyer and politician

1962- Hisao Egawa -Japanese voice actor

1962- Tõnu Õnnepalu -Estonian poet and author

1963- Yuri Alexandrov (boxer)|Yuri Alexandrov -Russian boxer (d. 2013)

1963- Theodoros Roussopoulos -Greek politician

1964- Tavis Smiley -American talk show host, journalist, and author

1965- Annie Duke -American poker player

1965- Jeff Ross -American comedian, actor, director, and author

1965- Zak Starkey -English drummer (The Icicle Works The Semantics, ASAP (band)|ASAP, The Lightning Seeds, and Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band)

1966- Maria Furtwängler -German physician and actress

1966- Louis Mandylor -Australian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1967- Michael Johnson (sprinter)|Michael Johnson -American sprinter

1967- Tim "Ripper" Owens -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Iced Earth, Judas Priest, Beyond Fear, and Charred Walls of the Damned)

1967- Stephen Perkins -American drummer and songwriter (Jane's Addiction, Porno for Pyros, The Panic Channel, and Methods of Mayhem)

1968- Roger Howarth -American actor

1968- Brad Johnson (American football)|Brad Johnson -American football player

1968- Emma Wiklund -Swedish model and actress

1968- Bernie Williams -Puerto Rican baseball player and guitarist

1969- Sirje Kingsepp -Estonian politician

1969- Ilka Knickenberg -German actress

1969- Tyler Perry -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1969- Shane Warne -Australian cricketer, coach, and sportscaster

1970- Lee Abramson -American bass player and composer

1970- Martín Herrera -Argentinian footballer

1970- Louise Lombard -English actress

1970- Jason Scott Sadofsky -American historian and programmer, founded

1971- Goran Ivanišević -Croatian tennis player

1971- Stella McCartney -English fashion designer

1971- Manabu Namiki -Japanese pianist and composer

1973- Christine Arron -French runner

1973- Fabio Cannavaro -Italian footballer and manager

1973- Mahima Chaudhry -Indian actress

1973- Kelly Chen -Hong Kong singer and actress

1973- Olve Eikemo -Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Immortal (band)|Immortal, I (band)|I, and Old Funeral)

1973- Carlo Nash -English footballer

1974- Travis Knight (basketball)|Travis Knight -American basketball player

1974- Éric Lapointe (Canadian football)|Éric Lapointe -Canadian football player

1974- Craig Rivet -Canadian ice hockey player

1975- Akihiro Asai -Japanese race car driver

1975- Joe Don Rooney -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Rascal Flatts)

1976- Craig McMillan -New Zealand cricketer

1976- Elvis Mihailenko -Latvian boxer

1976- Puma Swede -Swedish porn actress and dancer

1976- José Théodore -Canadian ice hockey player

1977- Fiona Apple -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1977- Ivan De Battista -Maltese actor, singer, director, and producer

1977- Daisuke Tsuda (musician)|Daisuke Tsuda -Japanese singer-songwriter and drummer (Maximum the Hormone)

1978- Megan Henning -American actress

1978- Peter Sunde -Swedish businessman, co-founded Flattr and The Pirate Bay

1979- Geike Arnaert -Belgian singer (Hooverphonic)

1979- Catalina Cruz -American porn actress

1979- Ivan Miljković -Serbian volleyball player

1980- Andreas Biermann -German footballer (d. 2014)

1980- Han Chae-young -South Korean actress

1980- Daisuke Matsuzaka -Japanese baseball player

1980- Evangelos Nastos -Greek footballer

1980- Viren Rasquinha -Indian field hockey player

1980- Ben Savage -American actor and director

1981- Koldo Fernández -Spanish cyclist

1981- Angelina Love -Canadian-American wrestler

1982- Nenê -Brazilian basketball player

1982- Lloyd Dyer -English footballer

1982- J. G. Quintel -American animator, screenwriter, and voice actor

1982- Miha Zupan -Slovenian basketball player

1983- James Bourne -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Busted (band)|Busted, Son of Dork, and McBusted)

1983- Molly Crabapple -American illustrator

1983- Ryan Del Monte -Canadian ice hockey player

1983- Eduard Ratnikov -Estonian footballer

1984- Nabil Abou-Harb -American director, screenwriter, and producer

1985- David Jordan (singer)|David Jordan -English singer-songwriter

1985- Emi Suzuki -Chinese-Japanese model and actress

1986- Derek Hardman -American football player

1986- Kamui Kobayashi -Japanese race car driver

1986- Sean Williams (basketball)|Sean Williams -American basketball player

1987- G.NA -Canadian-South Korean singer-songwriter and actress

1987- Edenilson Bergonsi -Brazilian footballer

1987- Jonathan de Guzmán -Canadian-Dutch footballer

1987- Luke Fitzgerald -Irish rugby player

1987- Ai Kayano -Japanese voice actress and singer

1987- Tsvetana Pironkova -Bulgarian tennis player

1988- John Park (musician)|John Park -American singer

1988- Luis Rentería -Panamanian footballer (d. 2014)

1988- Keith Treacy -Irish footballer

1989- Elysée Irié Bi Séhi -Ivorian footballer

1989- Jon Mannah -Australian rugby player (d. 2013)

1989- Thomas Müller -German footballer

1990- Luciano Narsingh -Dutch footballer

1991- Ksenia Afanasyeva -Russian gymnast

1992- Remy Põld -Estonian basketball player

1994- Ayaka Ōhashi -Japanese voice actress

1994- Anna Karolína Schmiedlová -Slovak tennis player

1995- Robbie Kay -English actor

History of Deaths

81- Titus -Roman emperor (b. 39)

1506- Andrea Mantegna -Italian painter and engraver (b. 1431)

1557- John Cheke -English scholar and politician, Secretary of State (England)|Secretary of State for England (b. 1514)

1592- Michel de Montaigne -French philosopher and author (b. 1533)

1598- Philip II of Spain -(b. 1526)

1624- Ketevan the Martyr -Kakheti wife of David I of Kakheti (b. 1565)

1632- Leopold V, Archduke of Austria -(b. 1586)

1759- James Wolfe -English general (b. 1727)

1766- Benjamin Heath -English scholar (b. 1704)

1800- Claude Martin -French-English general (b. 1735)

1806- Charles James Fox -English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (b. 1749)

1808- Saverio Bettinelli -Italian poet, playwright, and critic (b. 1718)

1813- Hezqeyas -Ethiopian emperor

1815- Mihály Gáber -Slovene priest and author (b. 1753)

1847- Nicolas Oudinot -French general (b. 1767)

1872- Ludwig Feuerbach -German anthropologist and philosopher (b. 1804)

1881- Ambrose Burnside -American general and politician, 30th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1824)

1885- Friedrich Kiel -German composer and educator (b. 1821)

1894- Emmanuel Chabrier -French pianist and composer (b. 1841)

1905- René Goblet -French politician, 52nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1828)

1910- Rajanikanta Sen -Bangladeshi poet and composer (b. 1865)

1912- Joseph Furphy -Australian author and poet (b. 1843)

1912- Nogi Maresuke -Japanese general (b. 1849)

1915- Andrew L. Harris -American general and politician, 44th Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)

1928- Italo Svevo -Italian author and playwright (b. 1861)

1929- Jatindra Nath Das -Indian activist (b. 1904)

1937- David Robertson (golfer)|David Robertson -Scottish rugby player and golfer (b. 1869)

1941- Elias Disney -Canadian-American father of Walt Disney and Roy O. Disney (b. 1859)

1944- W. Heath Robinson -English cartoonist (b. 1872)

1946- Amon Goeth -Austrian captain (b. 1908)

1946- Eugene Lanceray -Russian painter, sculptor, and illustrator (b. 1875)

1946- William Watt (Australian politician)|William Watt -Australian politician, 24th Premier of Victoria (b. 1871)

1949- August Krogh -Danish physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)

1960- Leo Weiner -Hungarian composer and educator (b. 1885)

1967- Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden -Yemeni-Saudi Arabian businessman, founded Saudi Binladin Group (b. 1903)

1967- Robert George (RAF officer)|Robert George -English air marshal and politician, 24th Governor of South Australia (b. 1896)

1967- Leonard Lord -English businessman (b. 1896)

1971- Lin Biao -Chinese general and politician, 2nd List of vice premiers of the People's Republic of China|Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1907)

1973- Betty Field -American actress (b. 1913)

1973- Sajjad Zaheer -Indian poet and philosopher (b. 1905)

1975- Mudicondan Venkatarama Iyer -Indian singer and musicologist (b. 1897)

1976- Armand Mondou -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1905)

1976- Albert Tessier -Canadian priest, historian, and director (b. 1895)

1977- Leopold Stokowski -English conductor (b. 1882)

1982- Reed Crandall -American illustrator (b. 1917)

1985- Dane Rudhyar -French-American author, composer, astrologer (b. 1895)

1987- Mervyn LeRoy -American actor, director, and producer (b. 1900)

1991- Robert Irving (conductor)|Robert Irving -English conductor (b. 1913)

1991- Metin Oktay -Turkish footballer and manager (b. 1936)

1991- Joe Pasternak -Hungarian-American production manager and producer (b. 1901)

1993- Carl Voss -American ice hockey player and referee (b. 1907)

1996- Tupac Shakur -American rapper, producer, and actor (Digital Underground and Outlawz) (b. 1971)

1997- Georges Guétary -Egyptian-French actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1915)

1997- Georgios Mitsibonas -Greek footballer (b. 1962)

1998- Harry Lumley (ice hockey)|Harry Lumley -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1926)

1998- Frank Renouf -New Zealand businessman (b. 1918)

1998- George Wallace -American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 45th Governor of Alabama (b. 1919)

1999- Benjamin Bloom -American psychologist and academic (b. 1913)

2000- Betty Jeffrey -Australian nurse (b. 1908)

2001- Johnny Craig -American sailor and illustrator (b. 1926)

2001- Jaroslav Drobný -Czech-English ice hockey player and tennis player (b. 1921)

2001- Dorothy McGuire -American actress (b. 1916)

2002- George Stanley -Canadian soldier, historian, and author, designed the Flag of Canada (b. 1907)

2003- Frank O'Bannon -American publisher, lawyer, and politician, 47th Governor of Indiana (b. 1930)

2004- Luis E. Miramontes -Mexican chemist, co-invented the combined oral contraceptive pill|birth-control pill (b. 1925)

2005- Toni Fritsch -Austrian footballer (b. 1945)

2005- Julio César Turbay Ayala -Colombian lawyer and politician, 25th President of Colombia (b. 1916)

2006- Ann Richards -American educator and politician, 45th Governor of Texas (b. 1933)

2007- Clare Oliver -Australian activist (b. 1981)

2007- Whakahuihui Vercoe -New Zealand archbishop (b. 1928)

2009- Paul Burke (actor)|Paul Burke -American actor (b. 1926)

2011- Walter Bonatti -Italian mountaineer and journalist (b. 1930)

2011- DJ Mehdi -French DJ and producer (Mafia K-1 Fry) (b. 1977)

2012- Lehri (actor)|Lehri -Indian-Pakistani actor (b. 1929)

2012- Obo Addy -Ghanaian-American drummer and dancer (b. 1936)

2012- Aditya Dev -Indian bodybuilder (b. 1988)

2012- William Duckworth (composer)|William Duckworth -American composer and author (b. 1943)

2012- Peter Lougheed -Canadian football player, lawyer, and politician, 10th Premier of Alberta (b. 1928)

2012- Edgar Metcalfe -English-Australian actor and director (b. 1933)

2012- Ranganath Misra -Indian jurist, 21st Chief Justice of India (b. 1926)

2013- Olusegun Agagu -Nigerian politician, 15th Governor of Ondo State (b. 1948)

2013- Robert J. Behnke -American biologist and academic (b. 1929)

2013- Rick Casares -American football player (b. 1931)

2013- Luiz Gushiken -Brazilian union leader and politician (b. 1950)

2013- Jimmy Herman -Canadian actor (b. 1940)

2013- Salustiano Sanchez -Spanish-American super-centenarian (b. 1901)

2013- Patti Webster -American minister, publicist, and author (b. 1964)

2014- Benjamin Adekunle -Nigerian general (b. 1936)

2014- Helen Filarski -American baseball player (b. 1924)

2014- Milan Galić -Serbian footballer (b. 1938)

2014- Frank Torre -American baseball player and manager (b. 1931)