This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: September-1

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

462-Possible start of first Byzantine indiction|indiction cycle -

717- Siege of Constantinople (717–18)|Siege of Constantinople -The Muslim Navy fleet|armada with 1,800 ships, is defeated by the Byzantine navy through the use of Greek fire.

1270-King Stephen V of Hungary -writes his walk to the ''antiquum castellum'' near Miholjanec, where the Sword of Attila was recently discovered.

1355-King Tvrtko I of Bosnia -writes ''In castro nostro Vizoka vocatum'' from the Old town of Visoki.

1529-The Spanish fort of Sancti Spiritu (Argentina)|Sancti Spiritu -the first one built in modern Argentina, is destroyed by natives.

1532-Lady Anne Boleyn -is made Marquess of Pembroke by her Engagement|fiancé, King Henry VIII of England|Henry VIII of England.

1604- Adi Granth -now known as Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhs, was first installed at Harmandir Sahib.

1644- Battle of Tippermuir -James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose defeats the Earl of Wemyss's Covenanters, reviving the Cavalier|Royalist cause.

1715-King Louis XIV of France -dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.

1763- Catherine II of Russia -endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow

1772-The Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa -is founded in San Luis Obispo, California.

1774- Province of Massachusetts Bay|Massachusetts Bay -colonists rise up in the bloodless Powder Alarm.

1804- 3 Juno|Juno -one of the four largest asteroids in the Main Belt, is discovered by the German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.

1831-The high honor of '' Order of St. Gregory the Great -' is established by Pope Gregory XVI of the Vatican State to recognize high support for the Vatican or for the Pope, by a man or a woman, and not necessarily a Roman Catholic.

1836- Narcissa Whitman -one of the first English-speaking white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.

1862- American Civil War -Battle of Chantilly

1864-American Civil War: the Confederate Army -General John Bell Hood orders the evacuation of Atlanta, ending a four-month siege by General William Tecumseh Sherman.

1870- Franco-Prussian War -the Battle of Sedan is fought, resulting in a decisive Kingdom of Prussia|Prussian victory.

1873- Cetshwayo -ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu Kingdom|Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.

1878- Emma Nutt -becomes the world's first female telephone operator when she is recruited by Alexander Graham Bell to the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company.

1880-The army of Mohammad Ayub Khan -is routed by the British at the Battle of Kandahar, ending the Second Anglo-Afghan War

1894-Over 400 people die in the Great Hinckley Fire -a forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota.

1897-The Tremont Street Subway -in Boston opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.

1902-'' A Trip to the Moon -', considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.

1905- Alberta -and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.

1906-The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys -is established.

1911-The armored cruiser -Greek cruiser Georgios Averof|''Georgios Averof'' is commissioned into the Hellenic Navy|Greek Navy. It now serves as a museum ship.

1914- St. Petersburg -Russian Empire|Russia, changes its name to Petrograd.

1914-The last passenger pigeon -a female named Martha (pigeon)|Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.

1920-The '' Fountain of Time -' opens as a tribute to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent.

1923-The 1923 Great Kantō earthquake|Great Kantō earthquake -devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 105,000 people.

1928- Ahmet Zogu -declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.

1934- SMJK Sam Tet -is founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.

1939- World War II -Nazi Germany and Slovak Republic (1939–45)|Slovakia Invasion of Poland|invade Second Polish Republic|Poland, beginning the European phase of World War II.

1939-General George C. Marshall -becomes Joint Chiefs of Staff|Chief of Staff of the United States Army.

1939-The Wound Badge -for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross is also instituted on this date.

1939-Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament -elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).

1939- Adolf Hitler -signs an order to begin the Action T4|systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and disabled people.

1951-The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty -

1952-'' The Old Man and the Sea -', the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction|Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, is first published.

1958- Iceland -expands its fishing zone, putting it into conflict with the United Kingdom, beginning the Cod Wars.

1961-The Eritrean War of Independence -officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate.

1967-The Khmer–Chinese Friendship Association -is banned in Cambodia