This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: October-21

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


1096- People's Crusade -The Turkish army successfully fight off the People's Army of the West.

1097- First Crusade -Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV of Toulouse, begin the Siege of Antioch.

1209- Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor|Otto IV -is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Innocent III.

1392- Nanboku-chō period|Nanboku-chō -Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Emperor Go-Komatsu|Go-Komatsu.

1512- Martin Luther -joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.

1520- Ferdinand Magellan -discovers a strait now known as Strait of Magellan.

1520- João Álvares Fagundes -discovers the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, bestowing them their original name of "Islands of the 11,000 Virgins".

1600- Tokugawa Ieyasu -defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate that in effect rules Japan until the mid-nineteenth century.

1774-First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts -in defiance of Kingdom of Great Britain|British rule in Colonial America.

1797-In Boston Harbor -the 44-gun United States Navy frigate {{USS|Constitution}} is launched.

1805- Napoleonic Wars -Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Admiral (Royal Navy)|Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson|Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Pierre-Charles Villeneuve|Admiral Villeneuve, signaling almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the 20th century.

1816-The Penang Free School -is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings, the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia.

1824- Joseph Aspdin -patents Portland cement.

1854- Florence Nightingale -and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War.

1861- American Civil War -Battle of Ball's Bluff

1867- Manifest Destiny -Medicine Lodge Treaty

1879- Thomas Edison -invents a workable electric light bulb at his laboratory in Menlo Park, N.J. which was tested the next day and lasted 13.5 hours. This would be the invention of the first commercially practical incandescent light. Popular belief is that he invented the first light bulb, which he did not.

1888-Foundation of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland|Swiss Social Democratic Party -

1892-Opening ceremonies for the World's Columbian Exposition -are held in Chicago, though because construction was behind schedule, the exposition did not open until May 1, 1893.

1895-The Republic of Formosa -collapses as Empire of Japan|Japanese forces invade.

1902-In the United States, a five-month Strike action|strike -by United Mine Workers ends.

1910-{{HMS|Niobe|1897|6}} arrives in Halifax Harbour -to become the first ship of the Royal Canadian Navy.

1912- First Balkan War -Kardzhali is liberated by Kingdom of Bulgaria|Bulgarian forces.

1921-President Warren G. Harding -delivers the first speech by a sitting U.S. President against lynching in the deep South.

1921- George Melford -s silent film, ''The Sheik (film)|The Sheik'', starring Rudolph Valentino, premiers.

1931-The Sakurakai -a secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army, launches an abortive October Incident|coup d'état attempt.

1940-The first edition of the Ernest Hemingway -novel ''For Whom the Bell Tolls'' is published.

1941- World War II -In Kragujevac, Serbia, German Wehrmacht soldiers Kragujevac massacre|butcher about 7,000 citizens, including schoolchildren and professors.

1943-The Azad Hind|Provisional Government of Free India -is formally declared by Subhas Chandra Bose.

1944-World War II: The first kamikaze -attack — A Japanese fighter plane carrying a {{convert|200|kg|lb|adj=on}} bomb attacks {{HMAS|Australia|D84|6}} off Leyte (island)|Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began.

1944-World War II: Nemmersdorf massacre -against the German civilians takes place.

1944-World War II: Battle of Aachen -— The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.

1945- Women's suffrage -Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.

1950- Korean War -Heavy fighting begins between British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade and the North Korean 239th Regiment during the Battle of Yongju.

1956- Mau Mau Uprising -Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is captured by the British Army, signalling the ultimate defeat of the rebellion, and essentially ending the British military campaign.

1959-In New York City, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum -designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens to the public.

1959- U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower -signs an executive order transferring Wernher von Braun and other German scientists from the United States Army to NASA.

1965- Comet Ikeya-Seki -approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers (279,617 miles) from the sun.

1966- Aberfan disaster -A slag heap collapses on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren.

1967- Vietnam War -More than 100,000 war protesters gather in Washington, D.C.. A Protests against the Vietnam War|peaceful rally at the Lincoln Memorial is followed by a march to The Pentagon and clashes with soldiers and United States Marshals protecting the facility. Similar demonstrations occurred simultaneously in Japan and Western Europe.

1969-A coup d'état -in Somalia brings Siad Barre to power and establishes a Somali Democratic Republic|socialist republic in Somalia.

1971-A Clarkston explosion|gas explosion -kills 22 people at a shopping center in Clarkston, East Renfrewshire, near Glasgow, Scotland.

1973- John Paul Getty III -s ear is cut off by his kidnappers and sent to a newspaper in Rome; it doesn't arrive until November 8.

1973- Fred Dryer -of the then St. Louis Rams|Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in National Football League|NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.

1977-The European Patent Institute -is founded.

1978-Australian civilian pilot Disappearance of Frederick Valentich|Frederick Valentich vanishes -in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft.

1979- Moshe Dayan -resigns from the Israeli government because of strong disagreements with Prime Minister Menachem Begin over policy towards the Arabs.

1981- Andreas Papandreou -becomes Prime Minister of Greece, ending an almost 50-year long system of power dominated by conservative forces.

1983-The metre -is defined at the seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.

1986-In Lebanon -pro-Iran kidnappers claim to have Iran–Contra affair|abducted American writer Edward Tracy (he is released in August 1991).

1987- Jaffna hospital massacre -is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 70 ethnic Tamil people|Tamil patients, doctors and nurses.

1994- North Korea and weapons of mass destruction|North Korea nuclear weapons program -North Korea and the United States sign an agreement that requires North Korea to stop its nuclear weapons program and agree to inspections.

1994-In Seoul -32 people are killed when the Seongsu Bridge collapses.

2005-Images of the dwarf planet -136199 Eris|Eris are taken and subsequently used in documenting its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz.

2012-A 2012 Azana Spa shootings|shooting -at a spa in Brookfield, Wisconsin, leaves four people dead, including the shooter.

2013- 2013 Northeastern China smog|Record smog -closes schools, roadways, and the airport in Harbin, China.

Famous Birthdays


1328- Hongwu Emperor -of China (d. 1398)

1449- George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence -Irish-English son of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York (d. 1478)

1527- Louis I, Cardinal of Guise -(d. 1578)

1581- Domenichino -Italian painter (d. 1641)

1650- Jean Bart -French admiral (d. 1702)

1675- Emperor Higashiyama -of Japan (d. 1710)

1687- Nicolaus I Bernoulli -Swiss mathematician and theorist (d. 1759)

1712- James Steuart (economist)|James Steuart -Scottish economist and author (d. 1780)

1725- Franz Moritz von Lacy -Austrian field marshal (d. 1801)

1757- Pierre Augereau -French general (d. 1816)

1762- Herman Willem Daendels -Dutch general, lawyer, and politician, 36th Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1818)

1772- Samuel Taylor Coleridge -English poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 1834)

1775- Giuseppe Baini -Italian priest, composer, and critic (d. 1844)

1790- Alphonse de Lamartine -French poet and politician, French Head of State (d. 1869)

1811- Filippo Colini -Italian opera singer (d. 1863)

1821- Sims Reeves -English tenor (d. 1900)

1833- Alfred Nobel -Swedish chemist and engineer, invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize (d. 1896)

1845- Will Carleton -American poet and journalist (d. 1912)

1847- Giuseppe Giacosa -Italian poet and playwright (d. 1906)

1851- George Ulyett -English cricketer and footballer (d. 1898)

1884- Claire Waldoff -German singer and actress (d. 1957)

1886- Eugene Burton Ely -American soldier and pilot (d. 1911)

1887- Mihkel Müller -Estonian wrestler (d. 1970)

1887- Krishna Singh (politician)|Krishna Singh -Indian politician, 1st Chief Minister of Bihar (d. 1961)

1894- Edogawa Ranpo -Japanese author and critic (d. 1965)

1895- Paavo Johansson -Finnish javelin thrower and decathlete (d. 1983)

1895- Edna Purviance -American actress (d. 1958)

1898- Eduard Pütsep -Estonian wrestler and actor (d. 1960)

1907- Nikos Engonopoulos -Greek painter and poet (d. 1985)

1911- Mary Blair -American illustrator and animator (d. 1978)

1912- Don Byas -American saxophonist (d. 1972)

1912- Alfredo Pián -Argentinian race car driver (d. 1990)

1912- Georg Solti -Hungarian-English conductor (d. 1997)

1914- Martin Gardner -American mathematician and author (d. 2010)

1917- Dizzy Gillespie -American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1993)

1918- Milton Himmelfarb -American sociographer and author (d. 2006)

1919- Jim Wallwork -English-Canadian sergeant and pilot (d. 2013)

1921- Malcolm Arnold -English composer (d. 2006)

1921- Bruce Beeby -Australian-English actor (d. 2013)

1921- Jim Shumate -American fiddler (d. 2013)

1922- Liliane Bettencourt -French businesswoman and philanthropist

1923- Samuel Khachikian -Iranian director, screenwriter, and author (d. 2001)

1924- Celia Cruz -Cuban-American singer (Sonora Matancera) (d. 2003)

1924- Joyce Randolph -American actress

1925- Virginia Zeani -Romanian soprano and educator

1926- Leonard Rossiter -English actor (d. 1984)

1927- Fritz Wintersteller -Austrian mountaineer

1928- Whitey Ford -American baseball player and coach

1928- Vern Mikkelsen -American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)

1929- Pierre Bellemare -French radio and television host

1929- Fritz Hollaus -Austrian footballer (d. 1994)

1929- Ursula K. Le Guin -American author and critic

1930- Ivan Silayev -Russian engineer and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Russia

1931- Shammi Kapoor -Indian actor and director (d. 2011)

1931- Vivian Pickles -English actress

1931- Hugh Thomas (writer)|Hugh Thomas -English historian and author

1932- Pál Csernai -Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2013)

1933- Maureen Duffy -English author, poet, and playwright

1935- Derek Bell (musician)|Derek Bell -Irish harp player, pianist, and songwriter (The Chieftains) (d. 2002)

1937- Said Afandi al-Chirkawi -Russian spiritual leader and scholar (d. 2012)

1937- Hank Nelson -Australian historian and academic (d. 2012)

1938- Carl Brewer -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2001)

1940- Geoffrey Boycott -English cricketer and sportscaster

1940- Frances FitzGerald (journalist)|Frances FitzGerald -American journalist and author

1940- Rhoda Gemignani -American actress

1940- Manfred Mann (musician)|Manfred Mann -South African-English keyboard player (Manfred Mann, Manfred Mann's Earth Band, and Manfred Mann Chapter Three)

1940- Marita Petersen -Faroese educator and politician, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (d. 2001)

1941- Steve Cropper -American guitarist, songwriter, producer, and actor (Booker T. & the M.G.'s, The Mar-Keys, and The Blues Brothers)

1942- Elvin Bishop -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1942- Allan Grice -Australian race car driver

1942- Lou Lamoriello -American ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1942- Judith Sheindlin -American judge and television host

1942- Christopher A. Sims -American economist and statistician, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate

1942- John Stevens, Baron Stevens of Kirkwhelpington -English police officer and academic

1943- Tariq Ali -Pakistani historian and author

1944- Ene Mihkelson -Estonian author and poet

1944- Michael Tugendhat -English lawyer and judge

1945- Everett McGill -American actor

1945- Michael White (journalist)|Michael White -English journalist

1946- Jane Heal -English philosopher and academic

1946- Jim Hill (American football)|Jim Hill -American football player and sportscaster

1946- Lux Interior -American singer-songwriter (The Cramps) (d. 2009)

1946- Lee Loughnane -American singer-songwriter and trumpet player (Chicago (band)|Chicago)

1947- Ai (poet)|Ai -American poet and educator (d. 2010)

1947- Mary Pipher -American psychologist and author

1948- Shaye J. D. Cohen -American historian and academic

1948- Tom Everett -American actor and singer

1948- Allen Henry Vigneron -American archbishop

1949- Michel Brière -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1971)

1949- Mike Keenan -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1949- Benjamin Netanyahu -Israeli captain and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Israel

1950- Ronald McNair -American physicist and astronaut (d. 1986)

1951- Dmitry Gayev -Russian civil servant (d. 2012)

1952- Trevor Chappell -Australian cricketer and coach

1952- Patti Davis -American actress and author

1952- Allen Hoey -American poet and author

1952- Brent Mydland -German-American keyboard player (Grateful Dead, Bobby and the Midnites, and Silver (band)|Silver) (d. 1990)

1953- Charlotte Caffey -American guitarist and songwriter (The Go-Go's and The Graces (band)|The Graces)

1953- Eric Faulkner -Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bay City Rollers)

1953- Keith Green -American singer-songwriter, pianist, and minister (d. 1982)

1953- Marc Johnson (musician)|Marc Johnson -American bassist, composer, and bandleader

1953- Peter Mandelson -English politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

1954- Brian Tobin -Canadian journalist and politician, 6th Premier of Newfoundland

1955- Dick DeVos -American businessman

1955- Fred Hersch -American pianist and composer

1955- Rich Mullins -American singer-songwriter (A Ragamuffin Band) (d. 1997)

1956- Carrie Fisher -American actress and screenwriter

1956- Mike Tully -American pole vaulter

1957- Julian Cope -English singer-songwriter (The Teardrop Explodes, Crucial Three, Black Sheep (anarcho-folk band)|Black Sheep, Brain Donor, and Queen Elizabeth (band)|Queen Elizabeth)

1957- Wolfgang Ketterle -German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1957- Steve Lukather -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Toto (band)|Toto)

1958- Andre Geim -Russian-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1959- George Bell (outfielder)|George Bell -Dominican baseball player

1959- Tony Ganios -American actor

1959- Rose McDowall -Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Strawberry Switchblade, Spell (band)|Spell, and Current 93)

1959- Andy Picheta -English director, producer, and screenwriter

1959- Kevin Sheedy (Irish footballer)|Kevin Sheedy -Welsh-Irish footballer and manager

1959- Ken Watanabe -Japanese actor and producer

1962- David Campese -Australian rugby player and coach

1964- Jon Carin -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Pink Floyd, The Who, and Industry (band)|Industry)

1965- Ion Andoni Goikoetxea -Spanish footballer and manager

1965- Horace Hogan -American wrestler

1965- Hisashi Imai -Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist (Buck-Tick, Schaft, and Schwein)

1966- Igor Prins -Estonian footballer and manager

1966- Arne Sandstø -Norwegian footballer and manager

1967- Georgi Dakov -Bulgarian high jumper (d. 1996)

1967- Paul Ince -English footballer and manager

1967- Gavin Lovegrove -New Zealand javelin thrower and graphic designer

1968- Alexandros Alexandris -Greek footballer and manager

1968- Kerstin Andreae -German politician

1968- Melora Walters -Saudi Arabian-American actress

1969- Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa -Bahraini prince

1969- Michael Hancock (rugby league)|Michael Hancock -Australian rugby player

1969- Mo Lewis -American football player

1970- Louis Koo -Hong Kong actor and singer

1971- Hal Duncan -Scottish author and poet

1971- Jade Jagger -French-English model and jewellery designer

1971- Damien Martyn -Australian cricketer

1971- Nick Oliveri -American singer-songwriter and bass player (Mondo Generator, Kyuss, and Queens of the Stone Age)

1971- Conor O'Shea -Irish rugby player and coach

1971- Paul Telfer (footballer)|Paul Telfer -Scottish footballer and coach

1971- Thomas Ulsrud -Norwegian curler

1972- Felicity Andersen -Australian actress

1972- Matthew Friedberger -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Fiery Furnaces)

1972- Masakazu Morita -Japanese voice actor

1972- Evhen Tsybulenko -Ukrainian scholar and academic

1973- Lera Auerbach -Russian-American pianist and composer

1973- Sasha Roiz -Israeli-Canadian actor

1973- Charlie Lowell -American pianist and songwriter (Jars of Clay)

1974- Costel Busuioc -Romanian tenor

1975- Toby Hall -American baseball player

1975- Henrique Hilário -Portuguese footballer

1976- Henrik Gustavsson -Swedish footballer

1976- Jeremy Miller -American actor and singer

1976- Lavinia Miloșovici -Romanian gymnast

1976- Josh Ritter -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1976- Andrew Scott (actor)|Andrew Scott -Irish actor

1976- Mélanie Turgeon -Canadian skier

1977- Julieta Cardinali -Argentinian actress

1977- David Clayton Rogers -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1978- Will Estes -American actor

1978- Joey Harrington -American football player and sportscaster

1978- Henrik Klingenberg -Finnish singer and keyboard player (Sonata Arctica and Silent Voices (band)|Silent Voices)

1979- Khalil Greene -American baseball player

1979- Gabe Gross -American baseball player

1979- Karl Harris -English motorcycle racer (d. 2014)

1980- Kim Kardashian -American model, actress, and fashion designer

1980- Brian Pittman -American bass player (Relient K and Inhale Exhale)

1981- Carmella Bing -American porn actress and model

1981- Martin Castrogiovanni -Argentinian-Italian rugby player

1981- Nemanja Vidić -Serbian footballer

1982- Matt Dallas -American actor

1982- Jim Henderson (baseball)|Jim Henderson -American baseball player

1982- Antony Kay -English footballer

1982- Ray Ventrone -American football player

1982- Lee Chong Wei -Malaysian badminton player

1982- James White (basketball)|James White -American basketball player

1982- Tim Wildsmith -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1983- Casey Fien -American baseball player

1983- Zack Greinke -American baseball player

1983- Gonzalo Klusener -Argentinian footballer

1983- Andy Marte -Dominican baseball player

1983- Chris Sherrington -English-Scottish martial artist

1983- Charlotte Sullivan -Canadian actress

1983- Ninet Tayeb -Israeli singer and actress

1983- Aaron Tveit -American actor and singer

1983- Shelden Williams -American basketball player

1984- Anna Bogdanova -Russian heptathlete

1984- Tom Brandstater -American football player

1984- Kenny Cooper -American soccer player

1984- Anouk Leblanc-Boucher -Canadian speed skater

1984- José Lobatón -Venezuelan baseball player

1984- Marvin Mitchell -American football player

1984- Kieran Richardson -English footballer

1985- Simone Bracalello -Italian footballer

1986- Almen Abdi -Swiss footballer

1986- Chibuzor Chilaka -Nigerian footballer

1986- Scott Rendell -English footballer

1986- Tamerlan Tsarnaev -Russian-American terrorist (d. 2013)

1986- Christopher von Uckermann -Mexican singer-songwriter and actor (RBD)

1987- Justin De Fratus -American baseball player

1987- Andrey Grechin -Russian swimmer

1988- Ricki Olsen -Danish footballer

1988- Daniel Schorn -Austrian cyclist

1989- May'n -Japanese singer

1989- Mads Dahm -Norwegian footballer

1989- Luke Murphy -English footballer

1989- Jonathan Viera -Spanish footballer

1989- Sam Vokes -English-Welsh footballer

1990- Bengali-Fodé Koita -French footballer

1990- Mathieu Peybernes -French footballer

1990- Ricky Rubio -Spanish basketball player

1991- Tom Eastman -English footballer

1991- Geoffry Hairemans -Belgian footballer

1991- Vadaine Oliver -English footballer

1991- Harry Pell -English footballer

1992- Bernard Tomic -Australian tennis player

1994- DeAndre Brackensick -American singer

1995- Antoinette Guedia Mouafo -Cameroonian swimmer

1995- Shannon Magrane -American singer-songwriter

History of Deaths


1125- Cosmas of Prague -Bohemian priest and historian (b. 1045)

1204- Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester -English politician

1221- Alix, Duchess of Brittany -(b. 1201)

1266- Birger Jarl -Swedish politician (b. 1210)

1422- Charles VI of France -(b. 1368)

1500- Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado -of Japan (b. 1442)

1505- Paul Scriptoris -German mathematician and educator (b. 1460)

1558- Julius Caesar Scaliger -Italian physician and scholar (b. 1484)

1600- Toda Katsushige -Japanese daimyo (b. 1557)

1623- William Wade (English politician)|William Wade -English politician and diplomat, Lieutenant of the Tower of London (b. 1546)

1662- Henry Lawes -English pianist and composer (b. 1595)

1687- Edmund Waller -English poet and politician (b. 1606)

1765- Giovanni Paolo Panini -Italian painter and architect (b. 1691)

1775- Peyton Randolph -American lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Continental Congress (b. 1721)

1777- Samuel Foote -English actor and playwright (b. 1720)

1805- John Cooke (Royal Navy officer)|John Cooke -English captain (b. 1763)

1805- George Duff -Scottish captain (b. 1764)

1805- Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson -English admiral (b. 1758)

1821- Dorothea Ackermann -German actress (b. 1752)

1835- Muthuswami Dikshitar -Indian poet and composer (b. 1775)

1872- Jacques Babinet -French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (b. 1794)

1873- Johan Sebastian Welhaven -Norwegian author, poet, and critic (b. 1807)

1896- James Henry Greathead -South African-English engineer (b. 1844)

1903- Jinmaku Kyūgorō -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 12th Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (b. 1829)

1904- Isabelle Eberhardt -Swiss explorer and journalist (b. 1877)

1907- Jules Chevalier -French priest, founded the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart (b. 1824)

1931- Arthur Schnitzler -Austrian author and playwright (b. 1862)

1938- Dorothy Hale -American actress (b. 1905)

1940- William G. Conley -American journalist, lawyer, and politician, 18th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1866)

1944- Alois Kayser -German-French missionary (b. 1877)

1952- Hans Merensky -South African geologist and philanthropist (b. 1871)

1963- Józef Franczak -Polish sergeant (b. 1918)

1965- Bill Black -American bass player (The Blue Moon Boys) (b. 1926)

1969- Jack Kerouac -American author and poet (b. 1922)

1969- Wacław Sierpiński -Polish mathematician and academic (b. 1882)

1973- Nasif Estéfano -Argentinian race car driver (b. 1932)

1975- Charles Reidpath -American runner and general (b. 1887)

1978- Anastas Mikoyan -Armenian-Russian politician (b. 1895)

1980- Hans Asperger -Austrian physician and psychologist (b. 1906)

1984- François Truffaut -French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)

1985- Dan White -American sergeant and politician (b. 1946)

1986- Lionel Murphy -Australian jurist and politician, 22nd Attorney-General of Australia (b. 1922)

1987- Salme Rootare -Estonian chess player (b. 1913)

1989- Jean Image -Hungarian-French director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1910)

1990- Dany Chamoun -Lebanese politician (b. 1934)

1990- Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar -Indian philosopher and author (b. 1921)

1991- Lorenc Antoni -Albanian composer, conductor, and musicologist (b. 1909)

1992- Jim Garrison -American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)

1993- Sam Zolotow -American journalist and critic (b. 1899)

1995- Maxene Andrews -American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (b. 1916)

1995- Jesús Blasco -Spanish author and illustrator (b. 1919)

1995- Shannon Hoon -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Blind Melon) (b. 1967)

1996- Georgios Zoitakis -Greek general (b. 1910)

1998- Francis W. Sargent -American soldier and politician, 64th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1915)

1999- Lars Bo -Danish author and illustrator (b. 1924)

2003- Fred Berry -American actor and dancer (b. 1951)

2003- Louise Day Hicks -American lawyer and politician (b. 1916)

2003- Luis A. Ferré -Puerto Rican engineer and politician, 3rd Governor of Puerto Rico (b. 1904)

2003- Elliott Smith -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Heatmiser) (b. 1969)

2006- Sandy West -American singer-songwriter and drummer (The Runaways) (b. 1959)

2007- Paul Fox (musician)|Paul Fox -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Ruts) (b. 1951)

2010- A. Ayyappan -Indian poet and translator (b. 1949)

2011- Hikmet Bilâ -Turkish journalist and author (b. 1954)

2011- Aleksandr Olerski -Estonian footballer (b. 1973)

2011- Tone Pavček -Slovenian poet and author (b. 1928)

2012- Yash Chopra -Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)

2012- Antoni Dobrowolski -Polish educator (b. 1904)

2012- Jaroslav Kozlík -Czech volleyball player and educator (b. 1907)

2012- Alf Kumalo -South African photographer and journalist (b. 1930)

2012- George McGovern -American historian, lieutenant, and politician (b. 1922)

2013- Bud Adams -American businessman (b. 1923)

2013- Gianni Ferrio -Italian composer and conductor (b. 1924)

2013- Rune T. Kidde -Danish author, poet, and illustrator (b. 1957)

2013- Colonel Robert Morris -American singer-songwriter and drummer (b. 1954)

2013- Major Owens -American librarian and politician (b. 1936)

2013- Tony Summers -Welsh swimmer (b. 1924)

2013- Oscar Yanes -Venezuelan journalist and author (b. 1927)

2014- Benjamin C. Bradlee -American journalist and author (b. 1921)

2014- Nelson Bunker Hunt -American businessman (b. 1926)

2014- Seth Gaaikema -Dutch comedian and author (b. 1939)

2014- Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani -Iranian cleric and politician, Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1931)

2014- Gough Whitlam -Australian lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1916)