This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: November-18

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


326-The old St. Peter's Basilica -is consecrated.

401-The Visigoths -led by king Alaric I, cross the Alps and invade northern Italy.

1105-Maginulfo is elected the Antipope -as Antipope Sylvester IV|Sylvester IV.

1180- Philip II of France|Phillip II -becomes king of France.

1210- Pope Innocent III -Excommunication|excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.

1302- Pope Boniface VIII -issues the Papal bull ''Unam sanctam'' (One Faith).

1307- William Tell -shoots an apple off his son's head.

1421-A seawall at the Zuiderzee -dike in the Netherlands breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people. This event will be known as St. Elizabeth's flood (1421)|Sint-Elisabethsvloed.

1493- Christopher Columbus -first sights the island now known as Puerto Rico.

1494-French King Charles VIII of France|Charles VIII -occupies Florence, Italy.

1601- Tiryaki Hasan Pasha -provincial governor of Ottoman Empire, utterly defeats Habsburg forces, commanded by Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor|Ferdinand the Archduke of Austria during the Siege of Nagykanizsa.

1626- St. Peter's Basilica -is consecrated.

1730-The future Frederick II of Prussia|Frederick II -(known as Frederick the Great), King of Kingdom of Prussia|Prussia, is granted a royal pardon and released from confinement.

1803-The Battle of Vertières -the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.

1809-In a Action of 18 November 1809|naval action -during the Napoleonic Wars, French frigates defeat British East Indiamen in the Bay of Bengal.

1812- Napoleonic Wars -The Battle of Krasnoi ends in French defeat, but Marshal of France Michel Ney's leadership leads to him becoming known as "the bravest of the brave".

1863-King Christian IX of Denmark -signs the History of Schleswig-Holstein#The November Constitution|November constitution that declares Schleswig to be part of Denmark. This is seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol (1852)|London Protocol and leads to the Second War of Schleswig|German–Danish war of 1864.

1865- Mark Twain -s short story ''The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County'' is published in the ''The Saturday Press (literary newspaper)|New York Saturday Press''.

1883-American and Canadian railroad -institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.

1903-The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty -is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the United States exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.

1904-General Esteban Huertas -steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.

1905-Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway -

1909-Two United States warship -are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of José Santos Zelaya.

1916- World War I -Battle of the Somme (1916)|First Battle of the Somme

1918- Latvia -declares its independence from Russia.

1926- George Bernard Shaw -refuses to accept the money for his Nobel Prize, saying, "I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."

1928-Release of the animated short '' Steamboat Willie -', the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, featuring the third appearances of cartoon characters Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. This is considered by the Disney corporation to be Mickey's birthday.

1929- 1929 Grand Banks earthquake -off the south coast of Newfoundland (island)|Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on Grand Banks, breaks 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a tsunami that destroys many south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula.

1930-Soka Kyoiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai -is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.

1938- Trade union -members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

1940- World War II -German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece.

1944-The Popular Socialist Youth -is founded in Cuba.

1947-The Ballantyne's store disaster|Ballantyne's Department Store fire -in Christchurch, New Zealand, kills 41; it is the worst fire disaster in the history of New Zealand.

1949-The Iva Valley -Shooting occurs after the coal miners of Enugu in Nigeria go on Strike action|strike over withheld wages; 21 miners are shot dead and 51 are wounded by police under the supervision of the Colonial Nigeria|British colonial administration of Nigeria.

1961-United States President John F. Kennedy -sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.

1963-The first push-button telephone -goes into service.

1970-U.S. President Richard Nixon -asks the Congress of the United States|U.S. Congress for $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government.

1978-In Jonestown -Guyana, Jim Jones led his Peoples Temple to a mass murder-suicide that claimed 918 lives in all, 909 of them in Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Leo Ryan|Congressman Leo J. Ryan is murdered by members of the Peoples Temple hours earlier.

1987- King's Cross fire -In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city's busiest London Underground|underground station, King's Cross St. Pancras tube station|King's Cross St Pancras.

1988- War on Drugs -U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the Capital punishment|death penalty for drug trafficking|drug traffickers.

1991- Shiite -Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Communion|Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland (academic)|Thomas Sutherland.

1991-After an 87-day Battle of Vukovar|siege -the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to the besieging Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces.

1993-In the United States, the North American Free Trade Agreement -(NAFTA) is approved by the United States House of Representatives|House of Representatives.

1993-In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new Constitution of South Africa|constitution -expanding voting rights and ending white minority rule.

1996-A 1996 Channel Tunnel fire|fire -occurs on a train traveling through the Channel Tunnel from France to England causing several injuries and damaging approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft) of tunnel.

2002- Iraq disarmament crisis -United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.

2003-In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 2003 -repealing controversial anti-gay amendment Section 28, becomes effective.

2003-The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court -rules 4 to 3 in ''Goodridge v. Department of Public Health'' that the state's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gives the state legislature 180 days to change the law making Massachusetts the first state in the United States to grant marriage rights to same-sex couples.

2012- Nintendo -releases the Wii U.

2013- NASA -launches the MAVEN probe to Mars.

Famous Birthdays


709- Emperor Kōnin|Kōnin -emperor of Japan (d. 782)

1522- Lamoral, Count of Egmont -(d. 1568)

1630- Eleonora Gonzaga (1630–1686)|Eleonora Gonzaga -Italian wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1686)

1647- Pierre Bayle -French philosopher and author (d. 1706)

1727- Philibert Commerson -French physician and explorer (d. 1773)

1736- Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch -German harpsichord player and composer (d. 1800)

1756- Thomas Burgess (bishop)|Thomas Burgess -English bishop and philosopher (d. 1837)

1772- Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (1772–1806)|Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia -(d. 1806)

1774- Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands -(d. 1837)

1785- David Wilkie (artist)|David Wilkie -Scottish painter and academic (d. 1841)

1787- Louis Daguerre -French physicist and photographer, developed the daguerreotype (d. 1851)

1804- Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora -Italian general and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1878)

1810- Asa Gray -American botanist and academic (d. 1888)

1832- Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld -Finnish-Swedish geologist and explorer (d. 1901)

1836- W. S. Gilbert -English playwright, poet, and illustrator (d. 1911)

1839- August Kundt -German physicist (d. 1894)

1856- Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856–1929)|Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia -(d. 1929)

1860- Ignacy Jan Paderewski -Polish pianist, composer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland (d. 1941)

1861- Dorothy Dix -American journalist (d. 1951)

1874- Clarence Day -American author and poet (d. 1935)

1880- Naum Torbov -Bulgarian architect, designed the Central Sofia Market Hall (d. 1952)

1882- Amelita Galli-Curci -Italian soprano (d. 1963)

1882- Wyndham Lewis -English painter and author (d. 1957)

1882- Jacques Maritain -French philosopher and author (d. 1973)

1883- Carl Vinson -American judge and politician (d. 1981)

1886- Ferenc Münnich -Hungarian soldier and politician, 47th List of Prime Ministers of Hungary|Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1967)

1888- Tirumalai Krishnamacharya -Indian yoga instructor (d. 1989)

1889- Stanislav Kosior -Polish-Russian politician (d. 1939)

1897- Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett -English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)

1898- Joris Ivens -Dutch director and producer (d. 1989)

1899- Eugene Ormandy -Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (d. 1985)

1901- George Gallup -American statistician and academic (d. 1984)

1901- V. Shantaram -Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1984)

1904- Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton -English lieutenant and politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies (d. 1983)

1904- Jean Paul Lemieux -Canadian painter (d. 1990)

1906- Alec Issigonis -Greek-English car designer, designed the Mini|mini car (d. 1988)

1906- Klaus Mann -German-American author, playwright, and critic (d. 1949)

1906- George Wald -American neurobiologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)

1907- Gustav Nezval -Czech actor (d. 1998)

1907- Compay Segundo -Cuban singer-songwriter and guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)

1908- Imogene Coca -American actress and singer (d. 2001)

1909- Johnny Mercer -American singer-songwriter and producer, co-founded Capitol Records (d. 1976)

1911- Attilio Bertolucci -Italian poet and author (d. 2000)

1912- Hilda Nickson -English author (d. 1977)

1913- Endre Rozsda -Hungarian-French painter and illustrator (d. 1999)

1914- Haguroyama Masaji -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 36th Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (d. 1969)

1915- Ken Burkhart -American baseball player and umpire (d. 2004)

1917- Pedro Infante -Mexican actor and singer (d. 1957)

1918- Tasker Watkins -Welsh soldier, judge, and politician, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2007)

1919- Jocelyn Brando -American actress (d. 2005)

1919- Georgia Carroll -American singer and actress (d. 2011)

1920- Mustafa Khalil -Egyptian politician, 77th Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2008)

1920- Robert Fryer -American playwright and producer (d. 2000)

1922- Luis Somoza Debayle -Nicaraguan politician, 70th President of Nicaragua (d. 1967)

1923- Anne Sargent -American actress (d. 2007)

1923- Alan Shepard -American admiral, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1998)

1923- Ted Stevens -American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2010)

1924- Les Lye -Canadian actor and screenwriter (d. 2009)

1924- Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart -Scottish soldier, engineer, and judge (d. 2000)

1925- Gene Mauch -American baseball player and manager (d. 2005)

1927- Hank Ballard -American singer-songwriter (The Midnighters) (d. 2003)

1927- Knowlton Nash -Canadian journalist (d. 2014)

1928- Otar Gordeli -Georgian composer (d. 1994)

1928- Salvador Laurel -Filipino politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Philippines (d. 2004)

1928- Sheila Jordan -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1929- Gianna D'Angelo -American soprano and educator (d. 2013)

1929- Joey Forman -American actor (d. 1982)

1932- Nasif Estéfano -Argentinian race car driver (d. 1973)

1932- Danny McDevitt -American baseball player (d. 2010)

1933- Bruce Conner -American painter, photographer, and director (d. 2008)

1934- Vassilis Vassilikos -Greek journalist and diplomat

1935- Rudolf Bahro -German philosopher and politician (d. 1997)

1935- William Cullen, Baron Cullen of Whitekirk -Scottish judge and politician

1935- Rodney Hall -Australian author and poet

1936- Ennio Antonelli -Italian cardinal

1936- Don Cherry (trumpeter)|Don Cherry -American trumpet player (Old and New Dreams, New York Contemporary Five, and Codona) (d. 1995)

1937- Doug Smith (footballer born 1937)|Doug Smith -Scottish footballer (d. 2012)

1938- Jules Mikhael Al-Jamil -Iraqi-Lebanese archbishop (d. 2012)

1938- Norbert Ratsirahonana -Malagasy politician, Prime Minister of Madagascar

1939- Margaret Atwood -Canadian poet, author, and critic

1939- Bill Giles (meteorologist)|Bill Giles -English meteorologist

1939- Margaret Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington -English journalist and politician, Leader of the House of Lords

1939- Amanda Lear -Hong Kong-French singer-songwriter and actress

1939- Brenda Vaccaro -American actress

1940- Qaboos bin Said al Said -Omani sultan

1941- Gary Bettenhausen -American race car driver (d. 2014)

1941- David Hemmings -English actor, singer, director, and producer (d. 2003)

1941- Angela Watkinson -English educator and politician

1942- Linda Evans -American actress

1942- Susan Sullivan -American actress

1943- Leonardo Sandri -Argentinian cardinal

1944- Wolfgang Joop -German fashion designer, founded JOOP!

1945- Wilma Mankiller -American tribal chief (d. 2010)

1945- Mahinda Rajapaksa -Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 6th President of Sri Lanka

1946- Alan Dean Foster -American author

1946- Chris Rainbow -Scottish singer-songwriter and producer

1947- Timothy Maude -American general (d. 2001)

1947- Jameson Parker -American actor and producer

1948- Tõnis Mägi -Estonian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (Ultima Thule (Estonian band)|Ultima Thule)

1948- Andrea Marcovicci -American actress and singer

1948- Kongō Masahiro -Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 2014)

1948- Ana Mendieta -Cuban-American sculptor and painter (d. 1985)

1948- Jack Tatum -American football player (d. 2010)

1949- Ahmed Zaki (actor)|Ahmed Zaki -Egyptian actor (d. 2005)

1950- Dennis Haskins -American actor

1950- Graham Parker -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Rumour)

1950- Eric Pierpoint -American actor and author

1950- Rudy Sarzo -Cuban-American bass player (Quiet Riot, Whitesnake, Dio (band)|Dio, Blue Öyster Cult, Manic Eden, and Queensrÿche)

1950- Michael Swanwick -American author

1951- Justin Raimondo -American journalist and author

1952- Peter Beattie -Australian lawyer and politician, 36th Premier of Queensland

1952- Claudio Capone -Italian-Scottish voice actor (d. 2008)

1952- Delroy Lindo -English actor and director

1953- Alan Moore -English author and illustrator

1953- Kevin Nealon -American comedian, actor, and screenwriter

1954- Evan Gray -New Zealand cricketer

1954- John Parr -English singer-songwriter and guitarist

1954- Georg Trašanov -Estonian politician

1955- Carter Burwell -American composer

1955- Michael Zimmer (footballer)|Michael Zimmer -German footballer

1956- Noel Brotherston -Irish-English footballer (d. 1995)

1956- Warren Moon -American football player and sportscaster

1956- Jim Weirich -American computer scientist, developed Rake (software)|Rake Software (d. 2014)

1957- Seán Mac Falls -Irish poet

1958- Daniel Brailovsky -Argentinian footballer and manager

1958- Plamen Krastev -Bulgarian hurdler

1958- Oscar Nunez -Cuban-American actor and screenwriter

1959- Cindy Blackman -American drummer

1959- Ulrich Noethen -German actor

1959- Karla Faye Tucker -American murderer (d. 1998)

1959- Jimmy Quinn (Northern Ireland footballer)|Jimmy Quinn -Irish footballer and manager

1960- Elizabeth Perkins -American actress

1960- Shari Shattuck -American actress and author

1960- Kim Wilde -English singer-songwriter

1960- Yeşim Ustaoğlu -Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter

1961- Nick Chinlund -American actor

1961- Jan Kuehnemund -American guitarist (Vixen (band)|Vixen) (d. 2013)

1961- Steven Moffat -Scottish screenwriter and producer

1962- Bart Bryant -American golfer

1962- Kirk Hammett -American guitarist and songwriter (Metallica, Spastik Children, and Exodus (band)|Exodus)

1962- Jamie Moyer -American baseball player

1963- Len Bias -American basketball player (d. 1986)

1963- Dante Bichette -American baseball player and coach

1963- Peter Schmeichel -Danish footballer and sportscaster

1963- Joost Zwagerman -Dutch author and poet

1964- Rita Cosby -American journalist and author

1965- Tim DeLaughter -American singer-songwriter (Tripping Daisy and The Polyphonic Spree)

1967- Tom Gordon -American baseball player

1967- Jocelyn Lemieux -Canadian ice hockey player

1967- Gavin Peacock -English footballer and sportscaster

1968- Barry Hunter (footballer)|Barry Hunter -Irish footballer and manager

1968- Kaido Kaaberma -Estonian fencer

1968- George Kotsiopoulos -American television personality, stylist and fashion consultant

1968- Romany Malco -American rapper, producer, actor, and screenwriter (College Boyz)

1968- Gary Sheffield -American baseball player

1968- Owen Wilson -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1969- Sam Cassell -American basketball player and coach

1969- Ahmed Helmy -Egyptian actor

1969- Duncan Sheik -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1970- Elizabeth Anne Allen -American actress

1970- Mike Epps -American comedian, actor, and producer

1970- Megyn Kelly -American journalist

1970- Johan Liiva -Swedish singer-songwriter (Arch Enemy, Carnage (band)|Carnage, NonExist, and Hearse (band)|Hearse)

1970- Peta Wilson -Australian actress

1971- Therese Coffey -English politician

1971- Terrance Hayes -American poet and academic

1972- Jessi Alexander -American singer-songwriter

1972- Jeroen Straathof -Dutch cyclist and speed skater

1973- Nic Pothas -South African cricketer

1974- Chloë Sevigny -American actress and fashion designer

1974- Petter Solberg -Norwegian race car driver

1974- Graham Coughlan -Irish footballer and coach

1975- Lucy Akhurst -English actress and producer

1975- Shawn Camp -American baseball player

1975- Anthony McPartlin -English comedian, actor, and producer

1975- Dirk Müller -German race car driver

1975- David Ortiz -Dominican-American baseball player

1975- Pastor Troy -American rapper, producer, and actor

1975- Jason Williams (basketball, born 1975)|Jason Williams -American basketball player

1976- Shagrath -Norwegian singer-songwriter (Dimmu Borgir Chrome Division, Ov Hell, and Fimbulwinter (band)|Fimbulwinter)

1976- Dominic Armato -American voice actor

1976- Sage Francis -American rapper (Non-Prophets)

1976- Paulo César Pérez -Argentinian footballer

1976- Matt Welsh -Australian swimmer

1976- Mona Zaki -Egyptian actress

1977- Fabolous -American rapper and producer

1977- Trent Barrett -Australian rugby player, coach, and sportscaster

1978- Damien Johnson -Irish footballer

1980- Hamza al-Ghamdi -Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of United Airlines Flight 175 (d. 2001)

1980- Mathew Baynton -English actor and singer

1980- Luke Chadwick -English footballer

1980- Minori Chihara -Japanese voice actress and singer

1980- François Duval -Belgian race car driver

1980- Denny Hamlin -American race car driver

1980- Dustin Kensrue -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Thrice)

1980- Junichi Okada -Japanese singer and actor (V6 (band)|V6)

1981- Shin Ji -South Korean singer-songwriter (Koyote)

1981- Gian Magdangal -Filipino singer and actor (17:28)

1981- Nasim Pedrad -Iranian-American actress

1981- Vittoria Puccini -Italian actress

1981- Christina Vidal -American actress and singer

1982- Greg Estandia -American football player

1983- Travis Buck -American baseball player

1983- Michael Dawson (footballer)|Michael Dawson -English footballer

1983- J.C. Intal -Filipino basketball player

1983- Jon Lech Johansen -Norwegian programmer, created DeCSS

1984- Ryohei Chiba -Japanese singer (W-inds)

1984- Johnny Christ -American bass player (Avenged Sevenfold)

1984- Enar Jääger -Estonian footballer

1985- Allyson Felix -American sprinter

1985- Christian Siriano -American fashion designer

1987- Jake Abel -American actor

1988- Michael Roach (soccer)|Michael Roach -American soccer player

1989- Lu Jiajing -Chinese tennis player

1989- Natalie Osman -American wrestler

1990- Jackie Thomas (singer)|Jackie Thomas -New Zealand singer

1991- Ahmed Kelly -Iraqi-Australian swimmer

1991- Noppawan Lertcheewakarn -Thai tennis player

1992- Nathan Kress -American actor

1992- Steven Skrzybski -German footballer

History of Deaths


1154- Adelaide of Maurienne -(b. 1092)

1305- John II, Duke of Brittany -(b. 1239)

1559- Cuthbert Tunstall -English bishop (b. 1474)

1590- George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury -English commander and politician, Lord High Steward of Ireland (b. 1528)

1724- Bartolomeu de Gusmão -Portuguese priest (b. 1685)

1785- Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans -(b. 1725)

1797- Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat -French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)

1814- William Jessop -English engineer (b. 1745)

1830- Adam Weishaupt -German philosopher (b. 1748)

1852- Rose Philippine Duchesne -French-American nun and saint (b. 1769)

1886- Chester A. Arthur -American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)

1889- William Allingham -Irish-English poet and scholar (b. 1824)

1909- Renée Vivien -English-French poet (b. 1877)

1922- Marcel Proust -French author and critic (b. 1871)

1927- Scipione Borghese, 10th Prince of Sulmona -Italian race car driver, explorer, and politician (b. 1871)

1936- V. O. Chidambaram Pillai -Indian activist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1872)

1940- Ivane Javakhishvili -Georgian historian and academic (b. 1876)

1941- Émile Nelligan -Canadian poet (b. 1879)

1941- Walther Nernst -German chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)

1941- Chris Watson -Chilean-Australian journalist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)

1962- Niels Bohr -Danish footballer, physicist, and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)

1965- Henry A. Wallace -American politician, 33rd Vice President of the United States (b. 1888)

1969- Ted Heath (bandleader)|Ted Heath -English trombone player and bandleader (b. 1902)

1969- Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. -American businessman and diplomat, 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1888)

1972- Danny Whitten -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Crazy Horse (band)|Crazy Horse) (b. 1943)

1976- Man Ray -American-French photographer and painter (b. 1890)

1977- Victor Francen -Belgian-French actor (b. 1888)

1977- Kurt Schuschnigg -Italian-Austrian lawyer and politician, 15th Federal Chancellor of Austria (b. 1897)

1978- Jim Jones -American cult leader, founded Peoples Temple (b. 1931)

1978- Leo Ryan -American soldier, educator, and politician (b. 1925)

1979- Freddie Fitzsimmons -American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1901)

1980- Conn Smythe -Canadian soldier, ice hockey player, and businessman (b. 1895)

1984- Mary Hamman -American journalist and author (b. 1907)

1986- Gia Carangi -American model (b. 1960)

1987- Jacques Anquetil -French cyclist (b. 1934)

1991- Gustáv Husák -Slovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)

1994- Cab Calloway -American singer-songwriter and bandleader (The Cab Calloway Orchestra) (b. 1907)

1994- Peter Ledger -Australian painter and illustrator (b. 1945)

1995- Miron Grindea -Romanian-English journalist (b. 1909)

1998- Tara Singh Hayer -Indian-Canadian journalist and publisher (b. 1936)

1999- Paul Bowles -American composer and author (b. 1910)

1999- Doug Sahm -American singer and guitarist (Sir Douglas Quintet and Flaco Jiménez) (b. 1941)

2002- James Coburn -American actor (b. 1928)

2003- Michael Kamen -American composer and conductor (b. 1948)

2004- Robert Bacher -American physicist and academic (b. 1905)

2004- Cy Coleman -American pianist and composer (b. 1929)

2005- Harold J. Stone -American actor (b. 1911)

2009- Red Robbins -American basketball player (b. 1944)

2010- Freddy Beras-Goico -Dominican comedian and television host (b. 1940)

2010- Brian G. Marsden -English-American astronomer and academic (b. 1937)

2012- Emilio Aragón Bermúdez -Spanish clown, singer, and accordion player (b. 1929)

2012- Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya -Russian-American chess player (b. 1957)

2012- Phoebe Hearst Cooke -American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1927)

2012- Ian Kirkpatrick (South African rugby player)|Ian Kirkpatrick -South African rugby player and coach (b. 1930)

2012- Neva Jane Langley -American model, Miss America 1953 (b. 1933)

2012- Philip Ledger -English organist, composer, and academic (b. 1937)

2012- William McCarthy, Baron McCarthy -English politician (b. 1925)

2012- Kenny Morgans -Welsh footballer and manager (b. 1939)

2012- Ed Richards (fencer)|Ed Richards -American fencer (b. 1929)

2012- Helmut Sonnenfeldt -German-American politician and scholar (b. 1926)

2013- Mike Cross (politician)|Mike Cross -American businessman and politician (b. 1944)

2013- Thomas Howard (American football)|Thomas Howard -American football player (b. 1983)

2013- Thomas Kennedy (RAF officer)|Thomas Kennedy -Scottish air marshal (b. 1928)

2013- Bennett Reimer -American academic (b. 1932)

2013- Nejat Uygur -Turkish actor (b. 1927)

2013- S. R. D. Vaidyanathan -Indian nadaswaram player and composer (b. 1929)

2013- Ljubomir Vračarević -Serbian martial artist, founded Real Aikido (b. 1947)

2013- Peter Wintonick -Canadian director and producer (b. 1953)