This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: November-17

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

474-Emperor Leo II (emperor)|Leo II -dies after a reign of 10 months. He is succeeded by his father Zeno (emperor)|Zeno, who becomes sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire.

794- Japan -se Emperor Kammu changes his residence from Nara, Nara|Nara to Kyoto.

1183-The Battle of Mizushima -

1292- John Balliol -becomes List of Scottish monarchs|King of Scotland.

1405- Sharif ul-Hāshim of Sulu|Sharif ul-Hāshim -establishes the Sultanate of Sulu.

1511- Spain -and England ally against France.

1558- Elizabethan era -begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.

1603-English exploration|explorer -writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason.

1659-The Treaty of the Pyrenees -is signed between France and Spain.

1777- Articles of Confederation -(United States) are submitted to the states for ratification.

1796- French Revolutionary Wars -Battle of the Bridge of Arcole

1800-The United States Congress -holds its first session in Washington, D.C..

1810- Sweden -declares war on its ally the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|United Kingdom to begin the Anglo-Swedish War (1810–1812)|Anglo-Swedish War, although no fighting ever takes place.

1811- José Miguel Carrera -Chilean founding father, is sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.

1820-Captain Nathaniel Palmer -becomes the first American to see Antarctica. (The Antarctic Peninsula|Palmer Peninsula is later named after him.)

1831- Ecuador -and Venezuela are separated from Gran Colombia.

1839-'' Oberto (opera)|Oberto -', Giuseppe Verdi's first opera, opens at the La Scala|Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy.

1855- David Livingstone -becomes the first European to see the Victoria Falls in what is now present-day Zambia-Zimbabwe.

1856- American Frontier|American Old West -On the Sonoita Creek|Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan, Arizona|Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.

1858-Modified Julian day|Julian Day -zero.

1863- American Civil War -Knoxville Campaign|Siege of Knoxville begins – Confederate States of America|Confederate forces led by General James Longstreet place Knoxville, Tennessee, under siege.

1869-In Egypt -the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated.

1871-The National Rifle Association -is granted a charter by the state of New York.

1876- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky -s "Marche Slave|Slavonic March" is given its premiere performance in Moscow, Russia.

1878-First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy -by anarchist Giovanni Passannante, who was armed with a dagger. The King survived with a slight wound in an arm. Prime Minister of Italy|Prime Minister Benedetto Cairoli blocked the aggressor, receiving an injury in a leg.

1896-The Western Pennsylvania Hockey League -which later became the first ice hockey league to openly trade and hire players, 1896–97 WPHL season|began play at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania|Pittsburgh's Schenley Park Casino.

1903-The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party -splits into two groups: the Bolsheviks (Russian language|Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority").

1911- Omega Psi Phi -Fraternity Incorporated, which is the first black Greek-lettered organization founded at an American Historically black colleges and universities|historically black college or university, was founded on the campus of Howard University in Washington, D.C.

1922-Former List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman sultan -Mehmed VI goes into exile in Italy.

1933-United States recognizes Soviet Union -

1939-Nine Czechs|Czech -students are executed as a response to anti-Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia|Nazi demonstrations prompted by the death of Jan Opletal. In addition, all Czech universities are shut down and over 1200 Czech students sent to concentration camps. Since this event, International Students' Day is celebrated in many countries, especially in the Czech Republic.

1947-The Screen Actors Guild -implements an anti-Communism|Communist loyalty oath.

1947-American scientists John Bardeen -and Walter Houser Brattain observe the basic principles of the transistor, a key element for the electronics revolution of the 20th century.

1950-Lhamo Dondrub is officially named the 14th Dalai Lama -

1953-The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands -County Kerry|Kerry, Ireland, are evacuated to the mainland.

1957-Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways -crashes at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause is a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft.

1962- President of the United States|President -John F. Kennedy dedicates Washington Dulles International Airport, serving the Washington, D.C., region.

1967- Vietnam War -Acting on optimistic reports that he had been given on November 13, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson tells the nation that, while much remained to be done, "We are inflicting greater losses than we're taking...We are making progress."

1968- Alexandros Panagoulis -is condemned to death for attempting to assassinate Greece|Greek dictator Georgios Papadopoulos.

1968-British European Airways introduces the BAC One-Eleven -into commercial service.

1968-Viewers of the Heidi Game|Raiders–Jets football game -in the eastern United States are denied the opportunity to watch its exciting finish when NBC broadcasts ''Heidi (1968 film)|Heidi'' instead, prompting changes to sports broadcasting in the U.S.

1969- Cold War -Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki, Finland to begin Strategic Arms Limitation Talks#SALT I|SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of Weapon of mass destruction|strategic weapons on both sides.

1970- Vietnam War -Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai Massacre.

1970- Luna programme -The Soviet Union lands ''Lunokhod 1'' on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world and is released by the orbiting ''Luna 17'' spacecraft.

1973- Watergate scandal -In Orlando, Florida, U.S. President Richard Nixon tells 400 Associated Press managing editors "I am not a crook."

1973-The Athens Polytechnic uprising -against the military Greek military junta of 1967–1974|regime ends in a bloodshed in the Greek capital.

1979- Brisbane -Suburban Railway Electrification. The first stage from Ferny Grove, Queensland|Ferny Grove to Darra, Queensland|Darra is commissioned.

1982- Duk Koo Kim -dies from injuries sustained during a 14-round match against Ray Mancini in Las Vegas, Nevada|Las Vegas, prompting reforms in the sport of boxing.

1983-The Zapatista Army of National Liberation -is founded in Mexico.

1989-Cold War: Velvet Revolution -begins: In Czechoslovakia, a student demonstration in Prague is quelled by riot police. This sparks an uprising aimed at overthrowing the communist government (it succeeds on December 29).

1990-Fugendake, part of the Mount Unzen -volcanic complex, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan, becomes active again and erupts.

1993- United States House of Representatives -passes resolution to establish the North American Free Trade Agreement after greater authority in trade negotiations was granted to President George H. W. Bush|George Bush in 1991.

1993-In Nigeria, Sani Abacha|General Sani Abacha -ousts the government of Ernest Shonekan in a military coup.

1997-In Luxor -Egypt, 62 people are killed by six Islamic terrorism|Islamic militants outside the Deir el-Bahari|Temple of Hatshepsut, known as Luxor massacre (The police then kill the assailants).

2000-A catastrophic landslide -in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills seven, and causes millions of Slovenian tolar|SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.

2000- Alberto Fujimori -is removed from office as president of Peru.

2012-At least 50 schoolchildren are killed in Manfalut train accident|an accident -at a railway crossing near Manfalut, Egypt.

2013-Fifty people are killed when Tatarstan Airlines Flight 363 -crashes at Kazan Airport, Russia.

2013-A rare late-season tornado outbreak -strikes the Midwest. Illinois and Indiana are most affected with tornado reports as far north as lower Michigan. In all around six dozen tornadoes touch down in approximately an 11-hour time period, including seven EF3 and two EF4 tornadoes.

Famous Birthdays

9- Vespasian -Roman emperor (d. 79)

1503- Bronzino -Italian painter (d. 1572)

1576- Roque González de Santa Cruz -Paraguayan missionary and saint (d. 1628)

1587- Joost van den Vondel -Dutch poet and playwright (d. 1679)

1612- Dorgon -Manchu son of Nurhaci (d. 1650)

1681- Pierre François le Courayer -French theologian and author (d. 1776)

1685- Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye -Canadian commander and explorer (d. 1749)

1729- Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain -(d. 1785)

1749- Nicolas Appert -French chef, inventor of canning (d. 1841)

1753- Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg -American clergyman and botanist (d. 1815)

1755- Louis XVIII of France -(d. 1824)

1765- Jacques MacDonald -French general (d. 1840)

1790- August Ferdinand Möbius -German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1868)

1793- Charles Lock Eastlake -English painter, historian, and academic (d. 1865)

1816- August Wilhelm Ambros -Austrian composer and historian (d. 1876)

1827- Petko Slaveykov -Bulgarian journalist and poet (d. 1895)

1835- Andrew L. Harris -American general and politician, 44th Governor of Ohio (d. 1915)

1854- Hubert Lyautey -French general and politician, Minister of Defence (France)|French Minister of War (d. 1934)

1857- Joseph Babinski -French neurologist and academic (d. 1932)

1866- Voltairine de Cleyre -American author and activist (d. 1912)

1868- Korbinian Brodmann -German neurologist and academic (d. 1918)

1877- Frank Calder -English-Canadian journalist and businessman (d. 1943)

1878- Grace Abbott -American social worker (d. 1939)

1878- Augustus Goessling -American swimmer and water polo player (d. 1963)

1886- Walter Terence Stace -English-American philosopher, academic, and civil servant (d. 1967)

1887- Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein -English field marshal (d. 1976)

1895- Mikhail Bakhtin -Russian philosopher and critic (d. 1975)

1895- Gregorio López (writer)|Gregorio López -Mexican journalist, author, and poet (d. 1966)

1896- Lev Vygotsky -Belarusian-Russian psychologist and philosopher (d. 1934)

1897- Frank Fay (American actor)|Frank Fay -American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1961)

1899- Douglas Shearer -Canadian-American engineer (d. 1971)

1901- Walter Hallstein -German academic and politician, 1st President of the European Commission (d. 1982)

1901- Lee Strasberg -Ukrainian-American actor and director (d. 1982)

1902- Eugene Wigner -Hungarian physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)

1904- Isamu Noguchi -American sculptor and architect (d. 1988)

1905- Mischa Auer -Russian-American actor and singer (d. 1967)

1905- Astrid of Sweden -(d. 1935)

1906- Soichiro Honda -Japanese engineer and businessman, co-founded the Honda|Honda Motor Company (d. 1991)

1906- Rollie Stiles -American baseball player (d. 2007)

1907- Israel Regardie -English occultist and author (d. 1985)

1911- Christian Fouchet -French politician, List of Interior Ministers of France|French Minister of the Interior (d. 1974)

1916- Shelby Foote -American historian and author (d. 2005)

1920- Camillo Felgen -Luxembourgian singer-songwriter (d. 2005)

1920- Gemini Ganesan -Indian actor and director (d. 2002)

1921- Albert Bertelsen -Danish painter and illustrator

1922- Stanley Cohen (biochemist)|Stanley Cohen -American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate

1923- Hubertus Brandenburg -Swedish bishop (d. 2009)

1923- Mike Garcia (baseball, born 1923)|Mike Garcia -American baseball player (d. 1986)

1923- Aristides Pereira -Cape Verdean politician, 1st President of Cape Verde (d. 2011)

1923- Bert Sutcliffe -New Zealand cricketer and coach (d. 2001)

1925- Jean Faut -American baseball player

1925- Rock Hudson -American actor and singer (d. 1985)

1925- Charles Mackerras -American-Australian oboe player conductor (d. 2010)

1926- Robert Brown (US actor)|Robert Brown -American actor

1927- Robert Drasnin -American clarinet player and composer

1927- Fenella Fielding -English actress

1928- Arman -French-American painter and sculptor (d. 2005)

1928- Rance Howard -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1929- Norm Zauchin -American baseball player (d. 1999)

1930- Bob Mathias -American decathlete, actor, and politician (d. 2006)

1932- Jeremy Black (Royal Navy officer)|Jeremy Black -English admiral

1933- Dan Osinski -American baseball player (d. 2013)

1933- Orlando Peña -Cuban-American baseball player and scout

1934- Jim Inhofe -American soldier and politician, 32nd Mayor of Tulsa, Oklahoma

1934- Anthony King (professor)|Anthony King -Canadian-English psephologist and academic

1934- Terry Rand -American basketball player (d. 2014)

1935- Bobby Joe Conrad -American football player

1935- Toni Sailer -Austrian skier and actor (d. 2009)

1936- Crispian Hollis -English bishop

1937- Peter Cook -English comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 1995)

1938- Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank -Scottish general

1938- Gordon Lightfoot -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1939- Auberon Waugh -English journalist and author (d. 2001)

1940- Luke Kelly -Irish singer and banjo player (The Dubliners) (d. 1984)

1940- Aşık Mahzuni Şerif -Turkish composer, author, and poet (d. 2002)

1942- Partha Dasgupta -Bangladeshi economist and academic

1942- Bob Gaudio -American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (The Four Seasons (band)|The Four Seasons)

1942- Kang Kek Iew -Cambodian criminal

1942- Lesley Rees -English endocrinologist and academic

1942- István Rosztóczy -Hungarian-Japanese microbiologist and physician (d. 1993)

1942- Martin Scorsese -American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor

1943- Lauren Hutton -American actress and producer

1944- Jim Boeheim -American basketball player and coach

1944- Malcolm Bruce -Scottish politician

1944- Gene Clark -American singer-songwriter (The Byrds, The New Christy Minstrels, and Dillard & Clark) (d. 1991)

1944- Danny DeVito -American actor, director, and producer

1944- Rem Koolhaas -Dutch architect, designed the Seattle Central Library

1944- Lorne Michaels -Canadian-American screenwriter and producer, created ''Saturday Night Live''

1944- Tom Seaver -American baseball player and sportscaster

1945- Lesley Abdela -English journalist and activist

1945- Jeremy Hanley -English accountant and politician, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs|Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of the United Kingdom

1945- Elvin Hayes -American basketball player and sportscaster

1945- Roland Joffé -English-French director, producer, and screenwriter

1946- Martin Barre -English guitarist and songwriter (Jethro Tull (band)|Jethro Tull)

1946- Terry Branstad -American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 39th Governor of Iowa

1947- Robert "Stewkey" Antoni -American singer and keyboard player (Nazz and Fuse (band)|Fuse)

1947- Steven E. de Souza -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1947- Inky Mark -Chinese-Canadian educator and politician

1948- Howard Dean -American physician and politician, 79th Governor of Vermont

1948- East Bay Ray -American guitarist (Dead Kennedys)

1949- John Boehner -American businessman and politician, 61st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

1949- Nguyen Tan Dung -Vietnamese soldier and politician, 8th List of Prime Ministers of Vietnam|Prime Minister of Vietnam

1950- Tom Walkinshaw -Scottish race car driver, founded Tom Walkinshaw Racing (d. 2010)

1951- Butch Davis -American football player and coach

1951- Werner Hoyer -German economist and politician

1951- Dean Paul Martin -American singer, actor, and tennis player (Dino, Desi & Billy) (d. 1987)

1951- Stephen Root -American actor

1951- Jack Vettriano -Scottish painter

1952- David Emanuel (fashion designer)|David Emanuel -Welsh fashion designer

1952- Ties Kruize -Dutch field hockey player

1952- Cyril Ramaphosa -South African businessman and politician

1953- Babis Tennes -Greek footballer and manager

1954- Chopper Read -Australian criminal and author (d. 2013)

1954- Kevin James (pornographic actor)|Kevin James -American porn actor (d. 1990)

1955- Yolanda King -American actress and activist (d. 2007)

1955- Dennis Maruk -Canadian ice hockey player

1955- Dan Schnurrenberger -American canoe racer

1956- Graham Jones (English author)|Graham Jones -English psychologist and author

1956- Jim McGovern (British politician)|Jim McGovern -Scottish politician

1957- Debbie Thrower -English journalist

1958- Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio -American actress and singer

1959- Terry Fenwick -English footballer and manager

1959- William R. Moses -American actor and producer

1959- Jaanus Tamkivi -Estonian politician

1960- RuPaul -American drag queen performer, actor, and singer

1960- Michael Hertwig -German footballer and manager

1960- Jonathan Ross -English actor and talk show host

1960- Mandy Yachad -South African cricketer and field hockey player

1961- Robert Stethem -American soldier (d. 1985)

1961- Pat Toomey -American businessman and politician

1962- Dédé Fortin -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Les Colocs) (d. 2000)

1963- Randy Black -Canadian drummer (Annihilator (band)|Annihilator and Primal Fear (band)|Primal Fear)

1964- Ralph Garman -American actor and radio host

1964- Susan Rice -American academic and politician, 24th National Security Advisor (United States)|United States National Security Advisor

1964- Mitch Williams -American baseball player and sportscaster

1965- Amanda Brown (musician)|Amanda Brown -Australian violinist and composer (The Go-Betweens)

1966- Ben Allison -American bassist and composer

1966- Jeff Buckley -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Gods and Monsters (band)|Gods and Monsters) (d. 1997)

1966- Kate Ceberano -Australian singer-songwriter and actress (I'm Talking)

1966- Richard Fortus -American guitarist (Guns N' Roses and Love Spit Love)

1966- Daisy Fuentes -Cuban-American model and actress

1966- Sophie Marceau -French actress, director, and screenwriter

1967- Tab Benoit -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1967- Ronnie DeVoe -American singer, producer, and actor (New Edition and Bell Biv DeVoe)

1968- Sean Miller -American basketball player and coach

1969- Ryōtarō Okiayu -Japanese voice actor

1969- Jean-Michel Saive -Belgian table tennis player

1969- Rebecca Walker -American author

1970- Paul Allender -English guitarist and songwriter (Cradle of Filth and The Blood Divine)

1970- Wendy Piatt -English businesswoman

1972- Kimya Dawson -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Moldy Peaches)

1972- Joanne Goode -English badminton player

1972- Lorraine Pascale -English model and chef

1972- Leonard Roberts -American actor

1973- Andreas Hedlund -Swedish singer-songwriter and producer (Vintersorg, Borknagar, Cronian, Fission (band)|Fission, Waterclime, and Otyg)

1973- Eli Marrero -Cuban-American baseball player, coach, and manager

1973- Bernd Schneider (footballer)|Bernd Schneider -German footballer

1973- Alexei Urmanov -Russian figure skater

1973- Leslie Bibb -American actress and producer

1974- Eunice Barber -Sierra Leonean-French heptathlete and long jumper

1974- Berto Romero -Spanish comedian and actor

1975- Kinga Baranowska -Polish mountaineer

1975- Roland de Marigny -South African-Italian rugby player

1975- Lord Infamous -American rapper (Three 6 Mafia) (d. 2013)

1975- Jerome James -American basketball player

1976- Jacqueline Aguilera -Venezuelan model, Miss World 1995

1976- Brandon Call -American actor

1976- Diane Neal -American actress

1977- Ryk Neethling -South African swimmer

1977- Paul Shepherd -English footballer

1978- Glen Air -Australian rugby player

1978- Zoë Bell -New Zealand actress and stuntwoman

1978- Rachel McAdams -Canadian actress

1978- Reggie Wayne -American football player

1979- Matthew Spring -English footballer

1980- Jay Bradley -American wrestler

1980- Isaac Hanson -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Hanson (band)|Hanson)

1980- Israel Idonije -Nigerian-Canadian football player

1980- Mercedes Martinez -American wrestler

1981- Sarah Harding -English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (Girls Aloud)

1982- Lucy Durack -Australian actress and singer

1982- Katie Feenstra-Mattera -American basketball player

1982- Otacílio Mariano Neto -Brazilian footballer

1982- Yusuf Pathan -Indian cricketer

1982- Hollie Smith -New Zealand singer-songwriter and guitarist

1983- Viva Bianca -Australian actress

1983- Yiannis Bourousis -Greek basketball player

1983- Ryan Bradley -American figure skater

1983- Ryan Braun -American baseball player

1983- Trevor Crowe -American baseball player

1983- Harry Lloyd -English actor

1983- Nick Markakis -American baseball player

1983- Scott Moore (baseball)|Scott Moore -American baseball player

1983- Christopher Paolini -American author

1984- Amanda Evora -American figure skater

1984- Park Han-byul -South Korean actress

1985- Panbanisha -American bonobo (d. 2012)

1985- Sékou Camara -Malian footballer (d. 2013)

1986- Nani -Portuguese footballer

1986- Luis Aguiar -Uruguayan footballer

1986- Fabio Concas -Italian footballer

1986- Everth Cabrera -Nicaraguan baseball player

1986- Greg Rutherford -English long jumper

1987- Craig Noone -English footballer

1987- Gemma Spofforth -English swimmer

1989- Ryan Griffin (quarterback)|Ryan Griffin -American football player

1993- Taylor Gold -American Olympian snowboarder

1994- Raquel Castro -American singer-songwriter and actress

2005- Giant George -American dog (d. 2013)

History of Deaths

344- Emperor Kang of Jin -(b. 322)

375- Valentinian I -Roman emperor (b. 321)

474- Leo II (emperor)|Leo II -Byzantine emperor (b. 467)

594- Gregory of Tours -Roman bishop and saint (b. 538)

641- Emperor Jomei -of Japan (b. 593)

885- Liutgard of Saxony -(b. 845)

1104- Nikephoros Melissenos -Byzantine general (b. 1045)

1231- Elizabeth of Hungary -(b. 1207)

1326- Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel -English politician (b. 1285)

1492- Jami -Persian poet and saint (b. 1414)

1494- Giovanni Pico della Mirandola -Italian philosopher and author (b. 1463)

1558- Mary I of England -(b. 1516)

1558- Reginald Pole -English cardinal (b. 1500)

1562- Antoine of Navarre -(b. 1518)

1592- John III of Sweden -(b. 1537)

1600- Kuki Yoshitaka -Japanese commander (b. 1542)

1632- Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim -Bavarian field marshal (b. 1594)

1643- Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant -French general (b. 1602)

1648- Thomas Ford (composer)|Thomas Ford -English viol player, composer, and poet (b. 1580)

1665- John Earle (bishop)|John Earle -English bishop (b. 1601)

1668- Joseph Alleine -English pastor and author (b. 1634)

1690- Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier -French general and politician (b. 1610)

1708- Ludolf Bakhuizen -German-Dutch painter (b. 1631)

1713- Abraham van Riebeeck -South African-Indonesian politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1653)

1747- Alain-René Lesage -French author and playwright (b. 1668)

1768- Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle -English politician, Prime Minister of Great Britain (b. 1693)

1776- James Ferguson (Scottish astronomer)|James Ferguson -English astronomer (b. 1710)

1780- Bernardo Bellotto -Italian painter and illustrator (b. 1720)

1794- Jacques François Dugommier -French general (b. 1738)

1796- Catherine the Great -Russian wife of Peter III of Russia (b. 1729)

1808- David Zeisberger -Czech-American clergyman and missionary (b. 1721)

1818- Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz -(b. 1744)

1835- Carle Vernet -French painter (b. 1758)

1849- Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst -(b. 1794)

1858- Robert Owen -Welsh activist (b. 1771)

1865- James McCune Smith -American physician and author (b. 1813)

1897- George Hendric Houghton -American clergyman and theologian (b. 1820)

1902- Hugh Price Hughes -Welsh theologian and educator (b. 1847)

1905- Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg -(b. 1817)

1910- Ralph Johnstone -American pilot (b. 1886)

1917- Auguste Rodin -French sculptor (b. 1840)

1922- Robert Comtesse -Swiss politician, 29th List of Presidents of the Swiss Confederation|President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1847)

1924- Patriarch Gregory VII of Constantinople -(b. 1850)

1928- Lala Lajpat Rai -Indian author and politician (b. 1865)

1929- Herman Hollerith -American businessman (b. 1860)

1932- Charles W. Chesnutt -American lawyer, author, and activist (b. 1858)

1936- Ernestine Schumann-Heink -German-American singer (b. 1861)

1937- Jack Worrall -Australian footballer, cricketer, and coach (b. 1860)

1938- Ante Trumbić -Croatian lawyer and politician, 20th Mayor of Split (b. 1864)

1940- Eric Gill -English sculptor and typeface designer (b. 1882)

1940- Robert Lane (soccer)|Robert Lane -Canadian soccer player (b. 1882)

1940- Raymond Pearl -American biologist and academic (b. 1879)

1947- Victor Serge -Russian historian and author (b. 1890)

1954- Yitzhak Lamdan -Russian-Israeli poet and journalist (b. 1899)

1955- James P. Johnson -American pianist and composer (b. 1894)

1958- Mort Cooper -American baseball player (b. 1913)

1959- Heitor Villa-Lobos -Brazilian guitarist and composer (b. 1887)

1968- Mervyn Peake -English poet, author, and illustrator (b. 1911)

1971- Debaki Bose -Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1898)

1973- Mirra Alfassa -French-Indian spiritual leader (b. 1878)

1976- Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani -Bangladeshi politician (b. 1880)

1979- John Glascock -English singer and bass player (Jethro Tull (band)|Jethro Tull, The Gods (band)|The Gods, Toe Fat, Carmen (rock band)|Carmen, and Chicken Shack) (b. 1951)

1982- Duk Koo Kim -South Korean boxer (b. 1959)

1982- Eduard Tubin -Estonian composer and conductor (b. 1905)

1986- Georges Besse -French businessman (b. 1927)

1987- Paul Derringer -American baseball player (b. 1906)

1988- Sheilah Graham Westbrook -English-American actress, author, and journalist (b. 1904)

1989- Costabile Farace -American criminal (b. 1960)

1990- Robert Hofstadter -American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)

1992- Audre Lorde -Caribbean-American author, poet, and activist (b. 1934)

1993- Gérard D. Levesque -Canadian politician, 5th Deputy Premier of Quebec (b. 1926)

1995- Alan Hull -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Lindisfarne (band)|Lindisfarne) (b. 1945)

1998- Kea Bouman -Dutch tennis player (b. 1903)

1998- Esther Rolle -American actress (b. 1920)

2000- Louis Néel -French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)

2001- Michael Karoli -German guitarist and songwriter (Can (band)|Can) (b. 1948)

2001- Harrison A. Williams -American lawyer and politician (b. 1919)

2002- Abba Eban -South African-Israeli soldier and politician, 3rd Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Israel)|Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1915)

2002- Frank McCarthy (artist)|Frank McCarthy -American painter and illustrator (b. 1924)

2003- Surjit Bindrakhia -Indian singer (b. 1962)

2003- Arthur Conley -American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)

2003- Don Gibson -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928)

2004- Mikael Ljungberg -Swedish wrestler (b. 1970)

2004- Alexander Ragulin -Russian ice hockey player (b. 1941)

2005- Marek Perepeczko -Polish actor and director (b. 1942)

2006- Ruth Brown -American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1928)

2006- Ferenc Puskás -Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1927)

2006- Flo Sandon's -Italian singer (b. 1924)

2006- Bo Schembechler -American football player and coach (b. 1929)

2007- Aarne Hermlin -Estonian chess player (b. 1940)

2008- George Stephen Morrison -American admiral (b. 1919)

2008- Pete Newell -American basketball player and coach (b. 1915)

2011- Olin Branstetter -American businessman and politician (b. 1929)

2011- Kurt Budke -American basketball player and coach (b. 1961)

2012- Ponty Chadha -Indian businessman (b. 1957)

2012- Armand Desmet -Belgian cyclist (b. 1931)

2012- Lea Gottlieb -Hungarian-Israeli fashion designer, founded the Gottex|Gottex Company (b. 1918)

2012- Arnaud Maggs -Canadian photographer (b. 1926)

2012- Freddy Schmidt -American baseball player (b. 1916)

2012- Billy Scott (singer)|Billy Scott -American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)

2012- Bal Thackeray -Indian politician (b. 1926)

2012- Margaret Yorke -English author (b. 1924)

2013- Zeke Bella -American baseball player (b. 1930)

2013- Alfred Blake -English colonel (b. 1915)

2013- Frank Chamberlin -American football player (b. 1978)

2013- Syd Field -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1935)

2013- Doris Lessing -Iranian-English author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)

2013- Alex Marques -Portuguese footballer (b. 1993)

2013- Nicholas Mevoli -American diver (b. 1981)

2013- Mary Nesbitt Wisham -American baseball player (b. 1925)