This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

293-Roman Emperors Diocletian -and Maximian appoint Galerius as ''Caesar (title)|Caesar'' to Diocletian, beginning the period of four rulers known as the Tetrarchy.

878- Syracuse, Sicily -is Muslim conquest of Sicily|captured by the Muslim sultan of Emirate of Sicily|Sicily.

879- Pope John VIII -gives blessings to Branimir of Croatia and to the Croatian people, considered to be international recognition of the Croatian state.

996-Sixteen-year-old Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor|Otto III -is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.

1085-The Swedish town of Helsingborg -is founded.

1349- Dušan's Code -the constitution of the Serbian Empire, is enacted by Dušan the Mighty.

1403- Henry III of Castile -sends Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo as Timurid relations with Europe|ambassador to Timur to discuss the possibility of an alliance between Timur and Castile against the Ottoman Empire.

1502-The island of Saint Helena -is discovered by the Portuguese explorer João da Nova.

1554- Mary I of England|Queen Mary I -grants a royal charter to Derby School, as a grammar school for boys in Derby, England.

1674-The szlachta|nobility -elect John III of Poland|John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.

1725-The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky -is instituted in Russia by Empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky.

1758-Ten-year-old Mary Campbell (colonial settler)|Mary Campbell -is abducted in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War. She is returned six and a half years later.

1809-The first day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling -between the Austrian army led by Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen|Archduke Charles and the French army led by Napoleon|Napoleon I of France sees the French attack across the Danube held.

1851- Slavery -is abolished in Colombia, South America.

1856- Lawrence, Kansas -is Sacking of Lawrence|captured and burned by pro-slavery forces.

1863- American Civil War -The Union Army Battle of Plains Store|succeeds in closing off the last escape route from Port Hudson, Louisiana, in preparation for the coming Siege of Port Hudson|siege.

1863-Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church -in Battle Creek, Michigan.

1864-Russia declares an end to the Russian–Circassian War -and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated the Circassian Day of Mourning.

1864-American Civil War: the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House -ends.

1871- French troops invade the Paris Commune -and engage its residents in street fighting. By the close of "Bloody Week", some 20,000 communards have been killed and 38,000 arrested.

1871- Opening of the first rack railway -in Europe, the Rigi-Bahnen on Mount Rigi.

1879- War of the Pacific -Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.

1881-The American Red Cross -is established by Clara Barton in Washington, D.C.

1894-The Manchester Ship Canal -in the United Kingdom is officially opened by Queen Victoria, who later knights its designer Edward Leader Williams|Sir Edward Leader Williams.

1904-The FIFA|Fédération Internationale de Football Association -(FIFA) is founded in Paris.

1911- President of Mexico -Porfirio Díaz and the revolutionary Francisco Madero sign the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez to put an end to the fighting between the forces of both men, concluding the initial phase of the Mexican Revolution.

1917-The Commonwealth War Graves Commission -is established through royal charter to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military forces.

1917-The Great Atlanta fire of 1917 -causes $5.5 million in damages, destroying some 300 acres including 2,000 homes, businesses and churches, displacing about 10,000 people but leading to only one fatality (due to heart attack).

1924- University of Chicago -students Leopold and Loeb|Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr. murder 14-year-old Bobby Franks in a "thrill killing".

1927- Charles Lindbergh -touches down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, completing the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.

1932-Bad weather forces Amelia Earhart -to land in a pasture in Derry, Northern Ireland, and she thereby becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.

1934- Oskaloosa, Iowa -becomes the first municipality in the United States to fingerprint all of its citizens.

1936- Sada Abe -is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her handbag. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.

1937-A Soviet and Russian manned drifting ice stations|Soviet station -North Pole-1, becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.

1939-The Canadian National War Memorial (Canada)|National War Memorial -is unveiled by George VI|King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother|Queen Elizabeth in Ottawa.

1946-Physicist Louis Slotin -is fatally irradiated in a criticality incident during an experiment with the demon core at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

1951-The opening of the Ninth Street Show -otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition

1961- African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)|American civil rights movement -Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson declares martial law in an attempt to restore order after race riots break out.

1966-The Ulster Volunteer Force -declares war on the Irish Republican Army (1922–69)|Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland.

1969-Civil unrest in Rosario, Argentina -known as ''Rosariazo'', following the death of a 15-year-old student.

1972- Michelangelo -s ''Pietà (Michelangelo)|Pietà'' in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal, the mentally disturbed Hungarian geologist Laszlo Toth.

1976-The Yuba City bus disaster -occurs in Martinez, California. Twenty-nine are killed making it the deadliest road accident in U.S. history.

1979- White Night riots -in San Francisco following the manslaughter conviction of Dan White for the assassinations of George Moscone and Harvey Milk.

1981- Irish republicanism|Irish Republican -hunger strikers Raymond McCreesh and Patsy O'Hara die on hunger strike in Maze prison.

1981-The Italian government releases the membership list of Propaganda Due -an illegal pseudo-Freemasonry|Masonic lodge that was implicated in numerous Italian crimes and mysteries.

1982- Falklands War -A British amphibious assault during Operation Sutton leads to the Battle of San Carlos (1982)|Battle of San Carlos.

1991-Former Indian Prime Minister of India|Prime Minister -Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a female suicide bomber near Chennai|Madras.

1991- Mengistu Haile Mariam -president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.

1992-After 30 seasons Johnny Carson -hosted his penultimate episode and last featuring guests (Robin Williams and Bette Midler) of ''The Tonight Show''.

1994-The Democratic Republic of Yemen -unsuccessful attempts to secede from the Republic of Yemen; a war breaks out.

1996-The ferry {{MV|Bukoba}} sinks in Tanzania -waters on Lake Victoria, killing nearly 1,000.

1996-The Trappist -Martyrs of Atlas, kidnapped during the Algerian Civil War and held for two months, are found dead.

1998-In Miami -five abortion clinics are hit by a butyric acid attacker.

1998-President Suharto -of Indonesia resigns following the killing of students from Tri Sakti University earlier that week by security forces and growing mass protests in Jakarta against his ongoing corrupt rule.

2001-French Christiane Taubira|Taubira law -is enacted, officially recognizing the Atlantic slave trade and slavery as crimes against humanity.

2003-An earthquake hits northern Algeria -killing more than 2,000 people.

2005-The tallest roller coaster -in the world, Kingda Ka opens at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, New Jersey.

2006-The Republic of Montenegro -holds a Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006|referendum proposing independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The Montenegrin people choose independence with a majority of 55%.

2010-JAXA, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency -launches the solar-sail spacecraft IKAROS aboard an H-IIA rocket. The vessel would make a Venus flyby late in the year.

2011-Radio broadcaster Harold Camping -predicted that the 2011 end times prediction|end of the world would occur on this day, a prophecy that would prove incorrect.

2012-A Qafa e Vishës bus accident|bus accident -near Himara, Albania kills 13 people and injures 21 others.

2012- 2012 Sana'a bombing|A suicide bombing -kills more than 120 people in Sana'a, Yemen.

2014-A 2014 Taipei Metro attack|knife attack -on a Taipei Metro train leaves at least 4 dead and 21 others injured.

2014-The National September 11 Memorial & Museum|National September 11 Museum -opens to the public.

Famous Birthdays

120 BC- Aurelia Cotta -Roman wife of Gaius Julius Caesar (proconsul)|Gaius Julius Caesar (d. 54 BC)

1471- Albrecht Dürer -German painter, engraver, and mathematician (d. 1528)

1527- Philip II of Spain -(d. 1598)

1653- Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland -(d. 1697)

1664- Giulio Alberoni -Italian cardinal (d. 1754)

1688- Alexander Pope -English poet (d. 1744)

1755- Alfred Moore -American judge (d. 1810)

1763- Joseph Fouché -French politician (d. 1820)

1775- Lucien Bonaparte -French soldier and politician (d. 1840)

1780- Elizabeth Fry -English philanthropist and reformer (d. 1845)

1790- William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire -French-English politician, Lord Chamberlain|Lord Chamberlain of the Household (d. 1858)

1792- Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis -French mathematician and engineer (d. 1843)

1799- Mary Anning -English paleontologist (d. 1847)

1827- William P. Sprague -American banker and politician (d. 1899)

1832- Elizabeth Storrs Mead -American academic (d. 1917)

1835- František Chvostek -Czech-Austrian physician (d. 1884)

1843- Charles Albert Gobat -Swiss lawyer and politician, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1914)

1844- Henri Rousseau -French painter (d. 1910)

1850- Giuseppe Mercalli -Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)

1851- Léon Bourgeois -French politician, 64th Prime Minister of France, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)

1853- Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac -French politician (d. 1905)

1856- José Batlle y Ordóñez -Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (d. 1929)

1860- Willem Einthoven -Indonesian-Dutch physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1927)

1861- Abel Ayerza -Argentinian physician (d. 1918)

1863- Archduke Eugen of Austria -(d. 1954)

1864- Princess Stéphanie of Belgium -(d. 1945)

1873- Hans Berger -German neurologist (d. 1941)

1878- Glenn Curtiss -American engineer (d. 1930)

1880- Tudor Arghezi -Romanian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1967)

1884- Manuel Pérez y Curis -Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)

1885- Princess Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg -(d. 1936)

1898- Armand Hammer -American physician and businessman, founded Occidental Petroleum (d. 1990)

1898- Charles Léon Hammes -Luxembourgian lawyer and judge (d. 1967)

1898- Carl Johnson (athlete)|Carl Johnson -American long jumper (d. 1932)

1901- Manfred Aschner -German-Israeli microbiologist and entomologist (d. 1989)

1901- Horace Heidt -American pianist, bandleader, and radio host (d. 1986)

1901- Sam Jaffe (producer)|Sam Jaffe -American film producer and agent (d. 2000)

1901- Suzanne Lilar -Belgian author and playwright (d. 1992)

1902- Earl Averill -American baseball player (d. 1983)

1902- Marcel Breuer -Hungarian-American architect, designed the Ameritrust Tower (d. 1981)

1902- Anatole Litvak -Ukrainian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1974)

1903- Manly Wade Wellman -American author (d. 1986)

1904- Robert Montgomery (actor)|Robert Montgomery -American actor and director (d. 1981)

1904- Fats Waller -American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1943)

1907- John C. Allen -American roller coaster designer (d. 1979)

1909- François-Albert Angers -Canadian economist (d. 2003)

1912- John Curtis Gowan -American psychologist (d. 1986)

1912- Chen Dayu -Chinese artist (d. 2001)

1912- Monty Stratton -American baseball player and coach (d. 1982)

1912- Akiva Vroman -Dutch-Israeli geologist (d. 1989)

1913- Gina Bachauer -Greek pianist (d. 1976)

1915- Cathleen Cordell -American actress (d. 1997)

1916- Tinus Osendarp -Dutch sprinter (d. 2002)

1916- Harold Robbins -American author (d. 1997)

1917- Raymond Burr -Canadian-American actor (d. 1993)

1918- Dennis Day -American singer and actor (d. 1988)

1919- George P. Mitchell -American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)

1920- Bill Barber (musician)|Bill Barber -American tuba player and educator (d. 2007)

1920- Anthony Steel (actor)|Anthony Steel -English actor and singer (d. 2001)

1920- Forrest White -American businessman, co-founded the Music Man (company)|Music Man Company (d. 1994)

1921- Sandy Douglas -English computer scientist and educator, designed ''OXO'' (d. 2010)

1921- Andrei Sakharov -Russian physicist (d. 1989)

1923- Vernon Biever -American photographer (d. 2010)

1923- Armand Borel -Swiss-American mathematician and educator (d. 2003)

1923- Ara Parseghian -American football player and coach

1923- Evelyn Ward -American actress (d. 2012)

1924- Peggy Cass -American actress (d. 1999)

1926- Robert Creeley -American author and poet (d. 2005)

1927- Péter Zwack -Hungarian businessman and diplomat (d, 2012)

1928- Tom Donahue -American radio host and producer (d. 1975)

1928- Alice Drummond -American actress

1929- Larance Marable -American drummer (d. 2012)

1930- Tommy Bryant -American bassist (d. 1982)

1930- Malcolm Fraser -Australian politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia

1932- Inese Jaunzeme -Latvian javelin thrower (d. 2011)

1932- Billy Wright (musician)|Billy Wright -American singer (d. 1991)

1933- Maurice André -French trumpet player (d. 2012)

1933- Yevgeny Minayev -Russian weightlifter (d. 1993)

1934- Jocasta Innes -Chinese-English journalist and author (d. 2013)

1934- Bengt I. Samuelsson -Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate

1935- Terry Lightfoot -English clarinet player and bandleader (d. 2013)

1936- Günter Blobel -Polish-American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate

1938- Lee "Shot" Williams -American singer (d. 2011)

1939- Heinz Holliger -Swiss oboe player, composer, and conductor

1941- Martin Carthy -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Steeleye Span, The Watersons, Waterson:Carthy, Brass Monkey (band)|Brass Monkey, and Blue Murder (folk)|Blue Murder)

1941- Bobby Cox -American baseball player and manager

1941- Ambrose Greenway, 4th Baron Greenway -English photographer and politician

1941- Ronald Isley -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (The Isley Brothers)

1942- David Hunt, Baron Hunt of Wirral -English politician, Secretary of State for Wales

1942- Danny Ongais -American race car driver

1943- Vincent Crane -English pianist (The Crazy World of Arthur Brown and Atomic Rooster) (d. 1989)

1943- Hilton Valentine -English guitarist and songwriter (The Animals)

1944- Haleh Afshar, Baroness Afshar -Iranian-English academic and politician

1944- Marcie Blane -American singer

1944- Janet Dailey -American author (d. 2013)

1944- Mary Robinson -Irish politician, 7th President of Ireland

1945- Ernst Messerschmid -German physicist and astronaut

1946- Allan McKeown -English-American screenwriter and producer (d. 2013)

1947- Bill Champlin -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Chicago (band)|Chicago and Sons of Champlin)

1947- Jonathan Hyde -Australian-English actor

1948- Elizabeth Buchan -English author

1948- Jacqueline Davies -English judge

1948- Denis MacShane -Scottish politician, Minister of State for Europe

1948- Leo Sayer -English-Australian singer-songwriter

1949- Andrew Neil -Scottish journalist and academic

1949- Denis O'Connor (police officer)|Denis O'Connor -Irish police officer

1949- Rosalind Plowright -English soprano

1950- Will Hutton -English economist and journalist

1951- Al Franken -American actor, screenwriter, and politician

1952- Jonathan Phillips (civil servant)|Jonathan Phillips -Irish civil servant

1952- Mr. T -American actor and wrestler

1954- D. B. S. Jeyaraj -Sri Lankan-Canadian journalist

1954- Janice Karman -American voice actress, singer, and producer

1954- Marc Ribot -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bar Kokhba Sextet)

1955- Paul Barber (field hockey)|Paul Barber -English field hockey player

1955- Stan Lynch -American drummer, songwriter, and producer (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers)

1957- James Bailey (basketball)|James Bailey -American basketball player

1957- Bruce Buffer -American ring announcer

1957- Johann Carlo -American actress

1957- Nadine Dorries -English nurse and politician

1957- Judge Reinhold -American actor

1957- Renée Soutendijk -Dutch actress

1958- Michael Crick -English journalist and author

1958- Naeem Khan -Indian-American fashion designer

1958- Jefery Levy -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1959- Nick Cassavetes -American actor, director, and screenwriter

1959- Abdulla Yameen -Maldivian politician, 6th President of the Maldives

1960- Mohanlal -Indian actor and producer

1960- Jeffrey Dahmer -American serial killer (d. 1994)

1960- Kent Hrbek -American baseball player

1960- Vladimir Salnikov -Russian swimmer

1960- Jeffrey Toobin -American lawyer and author

1962- David Crumb -American composer

1962- Janey Robbins -American porn actress

1963- Richard Appel -American screenwriter and producer

1963- David Lonsdale -English actor

1963- Pete Sandoval -Salvadoran-American drummer (Terrorizer and Morbid Angel)

1963- Kevin Shields -American-Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (My Bloody Valentine (band)|My Bloody Valentine, The Complex (band)|The Complex, and Primal Scream)

1963- Dave Specter -American guitarist

1964- Danny Bailey -English footballer and coach

1964- Nancy Benoit -American wrestling manager (d. 2007)

1964- Carolyn Lawrence -American actress

1966- Lisa Edelstein -American actress and playwright

1966- Tatyana Ledovskaya -Belarusian hurdler

1967- Chris Benoit -Canadian-American wrestler (d. 2007)

1967- Blake Schwarzenbach -American singer and guitarist (Jawbreaker (band)|Jawbreaker, Jets to Brazil, The Thorns of Life, and forgetters)

1968- Lauren Hays -American singer-songwriter and actress

1968- Ilmar Raag -Estonian director, producer, and screenwriter

1968- Matthias Ungemach -German-Australian rower

1968- Julie Vega -Filipino actress and singer (d. 1985)

1969- Pierluigi Brivio -Italian footballer

1969- Georgiy Gongadze -Georgian-Ukrainian journalist (d. 2000)

1969- Masayo Kurata -Japanese voice actress

1969- George LeMieux -American lawyer and politician

1970- Brigita Bukovec -Slovenian hurdler

1970- Dorsey Levens -American football player and sportscaster

1970- Carl Veart -Australian footballer and coach

1972- Adriano Cintra -Brazilian singer, guitarist, and producer (CSS (band)|CSS)

1972- The Notorious B.I.G. -American rapper (Junior M.A.F.I.A. and The Commission (hip hop)|The Commission) (d. 1997)

1972- Alesha Oreskovich -American model

1972- Brett Tucker -Australian actor and singer

1973- Stewart Cink -American golfer

1973- Noel Fielding -English comedian, actor, and screenwriter

1974- Havoc (musician)|Havoc -American rapper and producer (Mobb Deep)

1974- Fairuza Balk -American actress

1976- Abderrahim Goumri -Moroccan runner (d. 2013)

1976- Aditi Gowitrikar -Indian model, actress, and physician, Mrs. World|Mrs. World 2001

1976- Deron Miller -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (CKY (band)|CKY, World Under Blood, and Foreign Objects (band)|Foreign Objects)

1977- Quinton Fortune -South African footballer

1977- Michael Fuß -German footballer

1977- Ricky Williams -American football player

1978- Adam Gontier -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Three Days Grace and Big Dirty Band)

1978- Jamaal Magloire -Canadian basketball player

1979- Damián Ariel Álvarez -Argentinian-Mexican footballer

1979- Briana Banks -German-American porn actress and model

1979- Jamie Hepburn -Scottish politician

1979- James Clancy Phelan -Australian author

1979- Scott Smith (fighter)|Scott Smith -American mixed martial artist

1980- Gotye -Belgian-Australian singer-songwriter (The Basics)

1980- Morgan Benoit -American actor and martial artist

1980- Chris Raab -American actor and stuntman

1981- Craig Anderson (ice hockey)|Craig Anderson -American ice hockey player

1981- Edson Buddle -American soccer player

1981- Josh Hamilton -American baseball player

1981- Maximilian Mutzke -German singer-songwriter

1981- Anna Rogowska -Polish pole vaulter

1981- Kaori Shimizu (voice actress)|Kaori Shimizu -Japanese voice actress

1982- Brian Klemm -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Suburban Legends and Big D and the Kids Table)

1983- Līga Dekmeijere -Latvian tennis player

1983- Deidson Araújo Maia -Brazilian footballer

1984- Lorena Ayala -Dutch model

1984- Brandon Fields -American football player

1984- Sara Goller -German volleyball player

1985- Kano (rapper)|Kano -English rapper, producer, and actor

1985- Mutya Buena -English singer-songwriter (Sugababes and Mutya Keisha Siobhan)

1985- Marco Carta -Italian singer

1985- Mark Cavendish -Manx cyclist

1985- Alexander Dale Oen -Norwegian swimmer (d. 2012)

1985- Isa Guha -English cricketer

1985- Lucie Hradecká -Czech tennis player

1985- Marie McCray -American porn actress and model

1985- Andrew Miller (baseball)|Andrew Miller -American baseball player

1986- Konstantinos Argyros -Greek singer

1986- Myra (singer)|Myra -American singer and actress

1986- Mario Mandžukić -Croatian footballer

1986- Alexander Noyes -American drummer (Honor Society (group)|Honor Society)

1986- Eder Sánchez -Mexican race walker

1986- Park Sojin -South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer (Girl's Day)

1986- Greg Stewart (ice hockey)|Greg Stewart -Canadian ice hockey player

1988- Claire Cashmore -English swimmer

1988- Park Gyu-ri -South Korean singer and actress (Kara (band)|Kara)

1988- Jonny Howson -English footballer

1988- Kaire Leibak -Estonian triple jumper

1989- Emily Robins -New Zealand actress and singer

1989- Hal Robson-Kanu -English footballer

1991- Sarah Ramos -American actress

1992- Hutch Dano -American actor

1992- Philipp Grüneberg -German footballer

1992- Olivia Olson -American actress and singer

1993- Grete Gaim -Estonian biathlete

1994- Tom Daley -English diver

1996- Indy de Vroome -Dutch tennis player

1997- Viktoria Petryk -Ukrainian singer

History of Deaths

987- Louis V of France -(b. 967)

1237- Olaf the Black -Manx son of Godred II Olafsson

1254- Conrad IV of Germany -(b. 1228)

1471- Henry VI of England -(b. 1421)

1481- Christian I of Denmark -(b. 1426)

1512- Pandolfo Petrucci -Italian ruler (b. 1452)

1524- Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk -English soldier and politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1443)

1542- Hernando de Soto -Spanish-American explorer (b. 1496)

1607- John Rainolds -English scholar and academic (b. 1549)

1639- Tommaso Campanella -Italian astrologer, theologian, and poet (b. 1568)

1647- Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft -Dutch poet and playwright (b. 1581)

1650- James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose -Scottish soldier (b. 1612)

1664- Elizabeth Poole -English-American settler, founded Taunton, Massachusetts (b. 1588)

1670- Niccolò Zucchi -Italian astronomer and physicist (b. 1586)

1690- John Eliot (missionary)|John Eliot -English-American minister and missionary (b. 1604)

1719- Pierre Poiret -French mystic and philosopher (b. 1646)

1724- Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer -English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)

1742- Lars Roberg -Swedish physician (b. 1664)

1771- Christopher Smart -English poet (b. 1722)

1786- Carl Wilhelm Scheele -Swedish chemist (b. 1742)

1790- Thomas Warton -English poet and critic (b. 1728)

1844- Giuseppe Baini -Italian priest and composer (b. 1775)

1862- John Drew (actor)|John Drew -Irish-American actor and manager (b. 1827)

1879- Arturo Prat -Chilean lawyer and commander (b. 1848)

1894- Émile Henry (anarchist)|Émile Henry -French anarchist (b. 1872)

1894- August Kundt -German physicist (b. 1839)

1895- Franz von Suppé -Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1819)

1901- Joseph Olivier (rugby union)|Joseph Olivier -French rugby player (b. 1874)

1911- Williamina Fleming -Scottish-American astronomer (b. 1857)

1915- Leonid Gobyato -Russian general (b. 1875)

1919- Evgraf Fedorov -Russian mathematician, crystallographer, and mineralogist (b. 1853)

1920- Venustiano Carranza -Mexican politician, 54th President of Mexico (b. 1859)

1925- Hidesaburō Ueno -Japanese agriculturalist, guardian of Hachikō (b. 1871)

1926- Ronald Firbank -English author (b. 1886)

1929- Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery -English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1847)

1932- Marcel Jacques Boulenger -French fencer and author (b. 1873)

1935- Jane Addams -American activist and author, co-founded Hull House, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1860)

1940- Billy Minter -English footballer and manager (b. 1888)

1949- Klaus Mann -German-American author (b. 1906)

1952- John Garfield -American actor (b. 1913)

1956- Harry Bensley -English businessman and adventurer (b. 1877)

1957- Alexander Vertinsky -Ukrainian-Russian singer-songwriter, actor, and poet (b. 1889)

1964- James Franck -German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)

1965- Geoffrey de Havilland -English engineer, designed the de Havilland Mosquito (b. 1882)

1968- Doris Lloyd -English-American actress (b. 1896)

1970- E. L. Grant Watson -English-Australian biologist and author (b. 1885)

1973- Vaughn Monroe -American singer, trumpet player, bandleader, and actor (b. 1911)

1981- Raymond McCreesh -Irish activist (b. 1957)

1981- Patsy O'Hara -Irish activist (b. 1957)

1983- Kenneth Clark -English historian and author (b. 1903)

1984- Ann Little -American actress (b. 1891)

1988- Sammy Davis, Sr. -American actor and dancer (b. 1900)

1991- Lino Brocka -Filipino director and screenwriter (b. 1939)

1991- Rajiv Gandhi -Indian politician, 6th Prime Minister of India (b. 1944)

1995- Les Aspin -American captain and politician, 18th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1938)

1996- Paul Delph -American singer-songwriter and producer (Zahara (band)|Zahara) (b. 1957)

1996- Lash LaRue -American actor and producer (b. 1917)

1998- Robert Gist -American actor and director (b. 1917)

2000- Barbara Cartland -English author (b. 1901)

2000- John Gielgud -English actor, director, and producer (b. 1904)

2000- Mark R. Hughes -American businessman, founded Herbalife (b. 1956)

2002- Niki de Saint Phalle -French-American sculptor and painter (b. 1930)

2003- Alejandro de Tomaso -Argentinian-Italian race car driver and businessman, founded De Tomaso (b. 1928)

2003- Frank D. White -American politician, 41st Governor of Arkansas (b. 1933)

2005- Howard Morris -American actor and director (b. 1919)

2006- Spencer Clark (racing driver)|Spencer Clark -American race car driver (b. 1987)

2006- Katherine Dunham -American dancer, choreographer, and author (b. 1909)

2006- Cherd Songsri -Thai director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1931)

2006- Billy Walker (musician)|Billy Walker -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1929)

2012- Eddie Blazonczyk -American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)

2012- Otis Clark -American butler and preacher, survivor of the Tulsa race riot (b. 1903)

2012- Roman Dumbadze -Georgian commander (b. 1964)

2012- Constantine of Irinoupolis -American metropolitan (b. 1936)

2012- Douglas Rodríguez (boxer)|Douglas Rodríguez -Cuban boxer (b. 1950)

2012- Bill Stewart (American football)|Bill Stewart -American football player and coach (b. 1952)

2012- Alan Thorne -Australian anthropologist and academic (b. 1939)

2013- Count Christian of Rosenborg -(b. 1942)

2013- Frank Comstock -American trombonist, composer, and conductor (b. 1922)

2013- Cot Deal -American baseball player and coach (b. 1923)

2013- Mohammad Khaled Hossain -Bangladeshi mountaineer (b. 1979)

2013- Leonard Marsh (businessman)|Leonard Marsh -American businessman, co-founded Snapple (b. 1933)

2013- Bob Thompson (musician)|Bob Thompson -American pianist and composer (b. 1924)

2013- Dominique Venner -French journalist and historian (b. 1935)

2013- David Voelker -American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1953)

2014- Poni Adams -American actress (b. 1918)

2014- Tunku Annuar -Malaysian son of Badlishah of Kedah (b. 1939)

2014- Evelyn Blackmon -American politician (b. 1924)

2014- Johnny Gray (baseball)|Johnny Gray -American baseball player (b. 1926)

2014- Karl-Hans Kern -German politician (b. 1932)

2014- Jaime Lusinchi -Venezuelan physician and politician, President of Venezuela (b. 1924)

2014- Alireza Soleimani -Iranian wrestler (b. 1956)