This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


639- Ashina Jiesheshuai -and his tribesmen assaulted Tai zong at Jiucheng Palace.

715- Pope Gregory II -is elected.

1051- Henry I of France -is married to Anne of Kiev.

1445- John II of Castile -defeats the Infantes of Aragon at the First Battle of Olmedo.

1499- Catherine of Aragon -is Proxy marriage|married by proxy to Arthur, Prince of Wales. Catherine is 13 and Arthur is 12.

1535-French explorer Jacques Cartier -sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona's two sons (whom Cartier had kidnapped during his first voyage).

1536- Anne Boleyn -the second wife of Henry VIII of England, is beheaded for adultery, treason, and incest.

1542-The Prome Kingdom -falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in present-day Burma.

1568-Queen Elizabeth I of England -orders the arrest of Mary, Queen of Scots.

1643- Thirty Years' War -French forces under the Louis, Grand Condé|duc d'Enghien decisively defeat Spanish forces at the Battle of Rocroi, marking the symbolic end of Spain as a dominant land power.

1649-An Act of Parliament -declaring England a Commonwealth of England|Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.

1655-The Invasion of Jamaica -begins during the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)|Anglo-Spanish War.

1743- Jean-Pierre Christin -developed the centigrade temperature scale.

1749-King George II of Great Britain -grants the Ohio Company a charter of land around the forks of the Ohio River.

1776- American Revolutionary War -A Continental Army garrison surrenders in the Battle of The Cedars.

1780- New England's Dark Day -A combination of thick smoke and heavy cloud cover causes complete darkness to fall on Eastern Canada and the New England area of the United States at 10:30 A.M.

1802- Napoleon|Napoleon Bonaparte -founds the Legion of Honour.

1828-U.S. President John Quincy Adams -signs the Tariff of 1828 into law, protecting wool manufacturers in the United States.

1845-Captain Sir John Franklin -and his Franklin's lost expedition|ill-fated Arctic expedition depart from Greenhithe, England.

1848- Mexican–American War -Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo thus ending the war and ceding California, Nevada, Utah and parts of four other modern-day U.S. states to the United States for US$15 million.

1897- Oscar Wilde -is released from Reading Gaol.

1911- Parks Canada -the world's first national park service, is established as the Dominion Parks Branch under the Department of the Interior.

1917-the Norwegian football club Rosenborg BK -was founded.

1919- Mustafa Kemal Atatürk -lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what is later termed the Turkish War of Independence.

1921-The United States Congress -passes the Emergency Quota Act establishing national quotas on immigration.

1922-The Young Pioneer Organization of the Soviet Union -is established.

1934- Zveno -and the Bulgarian Army engineer a Bulgarian coup d'état of 1934|coup d'état and install Kimon Georgiev as the new List of Prime Ministers of Bulgaria|Prime Minister of Bulgaria.

1941- Viet Minh -a communist coalition, formed at Cao Bằng Province, Vietnam.

1942- World War II -In the aftermath of the Battle of the Coral Sea, Task Force 16 heads to Pearl Harbor.

1943- World War II -British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set Monday, May 1, 1944 as the date for the Normandy landings ("D-Day"). It would later be delayed over a month due to bad weather.

1950-A barge containing munitions destined for Pakistan -explodes in the harbor at South Amboy, New Jersey, devastating the city.

1950- Egypt -announces that the Suez Canal is closed to Israeli ships and commerce.

1959-The People's Army of Vietnam|North Vietnamese Army -establishes Group 559, whose responsibility is to determine how to maintain supply lines to South Vietnam; the resulting route is the Ho Chi Minh trail.

1961- Venera program -''Venera 1'' becomes the first man-made object to fly-by another planet by passing Venus (the probe had lost contact with Earth a month earlier and did not send back any data).

1961-At Silchar -Railway Station, Assam, 11 Bengalis die when police open fire on protesters demanding state recognition of Bengali language in the Bengali Language Movement#Legacy|Bengali Language Movement.

1962-A birthday salute to U.S. President John F. Kennedy -takes place at Madison Square Garden (1925)|Madison Square Garden, New York City. The highlight is Marilyn Monroe's Happy Birthday, Mr. President|rendition of "Happy Birthday to You|Happy Birthday".

1963-The ''New York Post Sunday Magazine'' publishes Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail -drafted shortly after his arrest on April 12th during the Birmingham campaign advocating for civil rights and an end to segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. The letter was in response to "A Call for Unity": a statement made by eight white Alabama clergymen against King and his methods, following his arrest, and became one of the most-anthologized statements of the African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)|African-American Civil Rights Movement.

1971- Mars probe program -''Mars 2'' is launched by the Soviet Union.

1986-The Firearm Owners Protection Act -is signed into law by U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

1991- Croatia -s vote for independence in a Croatian independence referendum, 1991|referendum.

1997-The Sierra Gorda biosphere -the most Ecosystem diversity|ecologically diverse region in Mexico, is established as a result of grassroots efforts.

2007- President of Romania -Traian Băsescu survives an Romanian presidential impeachment referendum, 2007|impeachment referendum and returns to office from suspension.

2010-The Royal Thai Armed Forces -concludes its 2010 Thai military crackdown|crackdown on 2010 Thai political protests|protests by forcing the surrender of United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship leaders.

Famous Birthdays


1593- Jacob Jordaens -Flemish painter (d. 1678)

1616- Johann Jakob Froberger -German organist and composer (d. 1667)

1700- José de Escandón, 1st Count of Sierra Gorda -Spanish politician (d. 1770)

1724- Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol -English admiral and politician, Chief Secretary for Ireland (d. 1779)

1744- Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz -(d. 1818)

1762- Johann Gottlieb Fichte -German philosopher and academic (d. 1814)

1773- Arthur Aikin -English chemist and mineralogist (d. 1854)

1795- Johns Hopkins -American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1873)

1797- Maria Isabel of Portugal -(d. 1818)

1827- Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour -French politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs (France)|French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1896)

1861- Nellie Melba -Australian soprano (d. 1931)

1870- Albert Fish -American serial killer (d. 1936)

1871- Walter Russell -American painter, sculptor, and author (d. 1963)

1874- Gilbert Jessop -English cricketer (d. 1955)

1878- Alfred Laliberté -Canadian sculptor and painter (d. 1953)

1879- Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor -American-English politician (d. 1964)

1880- Albert Richardson -English architect and educator, designed the Manchester Opera House (d. 1964)

1881- Mustafa Kemal Atatürk -1st President of Turkey (d. 1938)

1884- David Munson -American runner (d. 1953)

1887- Ion Jalea -Romanian sculptor (d. 1983)

1889- Tản Đà -Vietnamese poet (d. 1939)

1889- Henry B. Richardson -American archer (d. 1963)

1890- Eveline Adelheid von Maydell -German illustrator (d. 1962)

1890- Ho Chi Minh -Vietnamese politician, 1st President of Vietnam (d. 1969)

1891- Oswald Boelcke -German captain and pilot (d. 1916)

1893- H. Bonciu -Romanian author, poet, and journalist (d. 1950)

1894- Nicolae Secară -Bessarabian politician (d. 1942)

1897- Frank Luke -American lieutenant and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1918)

1898- Julius Evola -Italian philosopher (d. 1974)

1899- Lothar Rădăceanu -Romanian journalist, linguist and politician (d. 1955)

1906- Bruce Bennett -American shot putter and actor (d. 2007)

1908- Manik Bandopadhyay -Indian author (d. 1956)

1908- Merriam Modell -American author (d. 1994)

1908- Percy Williams (sprinter)|Percy Williams -Canadian sprinter (d. 1982)

1909- Nicholas Winton -English humanitarian

1910- Nathuram Godse -Indian assassin of Mahatma Gandhi (d. 1949)

1910- Alan Melville -South African cricketer (d. 1983)

1913- Neelam Sanjiva Reddy -Indian politician, 6th President of India (d. 1996)

1914- Max Perutz -Austrian-English biologist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)

1914- Alex Shibicky -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)

1918- Abraham Pais -Dutch-American physicist (d. 2000)

1919- Georgie Auld -Canadian-American saxophonist, clarinet player, and bandleader (d. 1990)

1919- Mitja Ribičič -Italian-Slovenian politician, 25th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (d. 2013)

1921- Leslie Broderick -English lieutenant and pilot (d. 2013)

1921- Harry W. Brown (pilot)|Harry W. Brown -American colonel and pilot (d. 1991)

1921- Daniel Gélin -French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2002)

1921- Yuri Kochiyama -American activist (d. 2014)

1921- Karel van het Reve -Dutch historian and author (d. 1999)

1922- Joe Gilmore -Irish bartender

1924- Sandy Wilson -English composer and songwriter

1925- Pol Pot -Cambodian politician, 29th Prime Minister of Cambodia (d. 1998)

1925- Guy Provost -Canadian actor (d. 2004)

1925- Malcolm X -American minister and activist (d. 1965)

1926- Kriyananda -Romanian-American spiritual leader and author (d. 2013)

1926- David Jacobs (broadcaster)|David Jacobs -English radio and television host (d. 2013)

1926- Edward Parkes -English engineer and academic

1926- Fernand Raynaud -French actor and singer (d. 1973)

1926- Peter Zadek -German director and screenwriter (d. 2009)

1928- Colin Chapman -English engineer and businessman, founded Lotus Cars (d. 1982)

1928- Thomas Kennedy (RAF officer)|Thomas Kennedy -English air marshal (d. 2013)

1928- Gil McDougald -American baseball player and coach (d. 2010)

1928- Dolph Schayes -American basketball player and coach

1929- Helmut Braunlich -German-American violinist and composer (d. 2013)

1929- John Stroger -American politician (d. 2008)

1930- Eugene Genovese -American historian and author (d. 2012)

1930- Lorraine Hansberry -American playwright and director (d. 1965)

1931- Bob Anderson (racing driver)|Bob Anderson -English race car driver (d. 1967)

1931- Éric Tappy -Swiss tenor

1932- Claude Blanchard -Canadian singer and actor (d. 2006)

1932- Alma Cogan -English singer (d. 1966)

1932- Paul Erdman -American economist and author (d. 2007)

1933- Edward de Bono -Maltese physician, author, and academic

1934- Ruskin Bond -Indian author

1934- Bill Fitch -American basketball player and coach

1934- Jim Lehrer -American journalist and author

1935- David Hartman (TV personality)|David Hartman -American journalist and actor

1937- Pat Roach -English wrestler and actor (d. 2004)

1938- Moisés da Costa Amaral -East Timorese politician (d. 1989)

1938- Madge Hindle -English actress

1938- Girish Karnad -Indian actor, director, screenwriter, and playwright

1938- Igor Ter-Ovanesyan -Ukrainian long jumper and coach

1939- Livio Berruti -Italian sprinter

1939- James Fox -English actor and singer

1939- Nancy Kwan -Hong Kong-American actress

1939- Jānis Lūsis -Latvian javelin thrower

1939- Dick Scobee -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1986)

1940- Jan Janssen -Dutch cyclist

1940- Mickey Newbury -American singer-songwriter (d. 2002)

1941- Bobby Burgess -American singer and dancer

1941- Nora Ephron -American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)

1941- Igor Judge, Baron Judge -Maltese-English lawyer and judge, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales

1941- Tania Mallet -English model and actress

1942- Gary Kildall -American computer scientist, founded Digital Research|Digital Research Inc. (d. 1994)

1942- Robert Kilroy-Silk -English television host and politician

1943- Eddie May -English footballer and manager (d. 2012)

1943- Shirrel Rhoades -American author

1944- Peter Mayhew -English-American actor

1944- Petre Popeangă -Romanian politician

1945- Pete Townshend -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Who, Deep End (band)|Deep End, and Thunderclap Newman)

1946- Claude Lelièvre -Belgian activist

1946- Michele Placido -Italian actor and director

1946- André the Giant -French-American wrestler and actor (d. 1993)

1947- Paul Brady -Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Planxty and The Johnstons)

1947- Christopher Chope -English lawyer and politician

1947- Steve Currie -English bass player (T. Rex (band)|T. Rex) (d. 1981)

1947- David Helfgott -Australian pianist

1947- Gijs IJlander -Dutch author

1948- Grace Jones -Jamaican-American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1949- Dusty Hill -American singer-songwriter and bass player (ZZ Top and American Blues)

1949- Philip Hunt, Baron Hunt of Kings Heath -English politician

1949- Archie Manning -American football player and sportscaster

1950- Tadeusz Ślusarski -Polish pole vaulter (d. 1998)

1951- Joey Ramone -American singer-songwriter (Ramones and Sniper (American band)|Sniper) (d. 2001)

1951- Dick Slater -American wrestler

1952- Charlie Spedding -English runner

1952- Bert van Marwijk -Dutch footballer, coach, and manager

1953- Patrick Hodge, Lord Hodge -Scottish lawyer and judge

1953- Shavarsh Karapetyan -Armenian swimmer

1953- Florin Marin -Romanian footballer and manager

1953- Dawud M. Mu'Min -American murderer (d. 1997)

1953- Jimmy Thackery -American singer and guitarist (The Nighthawks)

1953- Victoria Wood -English actress, singer, director, and screenwriter

1954- Rick Cerone -American baseball player and sportscaster

1954- Phil Rudd -Australian drummer (AC/DC and Buster Brown (Australian band)|Buster Brown)

1954- Hōchū Ōtsuka -Japanese voice actor

1955- James Gosling -Canadian-American computer scientist, created Java (programming language)|Java

1956- Steven Ford -American actor

1956- Oliver Letwin -English politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer

1956- Martyn Ware -English keyboard player, songwriter, and producer (The Human League and Heaven 17)

1957- Bill Laimbeer -American basketball player and coach

1959- Nicole Brown Simpson -German-American murder victim (d. 1994)

1960- Yazz -English singer

1961- Gregory Poirier -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1961- Wayne Van Dorp -Canadian ice hockey player

1963- Filippo Galli -Italian footballer and manager

1964- Murali (Tamil actor)|Murali -Indian actor (d. 2010)

1964- John Lee (placekicker)|John Lee -South Korean-American football player

1964- Miloslav Mečíř -Czech tennis player

1964- Lawrence Ng -Hong Kong actor

1964- Sean Whalen -American actor

1965- Boris (singer)|Boris -French singer-songwriter

1965- Cecilia Bolocco -Chilean model and television host, Miss Universe|Miss Universe 1987

1965- Maile Flanagan -American actress, producer, and screenwriter

1966- Marc Bureau (ice hockey)|Marc Bureau -Canadian ice hockey player

1966- Sophia Crawford -English actress and martial artist

1966- Jodi Picoult -American author

1966- Polly Walker -English actress

1967- Massimo Taccon -Italian painter and sculptor

1968- Kyle Eastwood -American actor, singer, and bass player

1970- K. J. Choi -South Korean golfer

1970- Mario Dumont -Canadian politician

1970- Jason Gray-Stanford -Canadian actor

1970- Regina Narva -Estonian chess player

1971- Psicosis -Mexican wrestler

1971- Ross Katz -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1972- Jenny Berggren -Swedish singer-songwriter (Ace of Base)

1972- Claudia Karvan -Australian actress, producer, and screenwriter

1973- Dario Franchitti -Scottish race car driver

1974- Andrew Johns -Australian rugby player and coach

1975- Pretinha -Brazilian footballer

1975- Masanobu Ando -Japanese actor

1975- London Fletcher -American football player

1975- Josh Paul -American baseball player and manager

1975- Jonas Renkse -Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Katatonia, Bloodbath, and October Tide)

1976- Ed Cota -American basketball player

1976- Kevin Garnett -American basketball player

1977- Manuel Almunia -Spanish footballer

1977- Wouter Hamel -Dutch singer and guitarist

1977- Brandon Inge -American baseball player

1977- Natalia Oreiro -Uruguayan singer-songwriter and actress

1977- Kelly Sheridan -Canadian voice actress

1978- Marcus Bent -English footballer

1978- Dave Bus -Dutch footballer

1978- Kim Zolciak -American singer

1979- Diego Forlán -Uruguayan footballer

1979- Bérénice Marlohe -French actress

1979- Andrea Pirlo -Italian footballer

1980- Drew Fuller -American actor and model

1980- Tony Hackworth -English footballer

1981- Luciano Figueroa -Argentinian footballer

1981- Yo Gotti -American rapper

1981- Michael Leighton -Canadian ice hockey player

1981- Sina Schielke -German sprinter

1981- Georges St-Pierre -Canadian mixed martial artist

1981- Bong Tae-gyu -South Korean actor

1981- Klaas-Erik Zwering -Dutch swimmer

1982- Kevin Amankwaah -English footballer

1982- Pål Steffen Andresen -Norwegian footballer

1982- Alexandru Găvan -Romanian mountaineer

1982- Rebecca Hall -English actress

1982- Klaas Vantornout -Belgian cyclist

1983- Eve Angel -Hungarian porn actress and model

1983- Jessica Fox (actress)|Jessica Fox -English actress

1984- Marcedes Lewis -American football player

1984- Carla Lynch -English actress and model

1984- Inna Modja -Malian-French singer

1985- Chris Loudon -Scottish darts player

1986- Mario Chalmers -American basketball player

1986- Eric Lloyd -American actor

1987- David Edgar (footballer)|David Edgar -Canadian soccer player

1987- Mariano Torres -Argentinian footballer

1989- Jasmine (Japanese singer)|Jasmine -Japanese singer-songwriter and producer

1991- Jordan Pruitt -American singer-songwriter

1992- Michele Camporese -Italian footballer

1992- Ola John -Dutch footballer

1992- Sam Smith (singer)|Sam Smith -English singer-songwriter

1994- Carlos Guzmán -Mexican footballer

History of Deaths


804- Alcuin -English monk and scholar (b. 735)

988- Dunstan -English archbishop (b. 909)

1102- Stephen, Count of Blois -(b. 1045)

1125- Vladimir II Monomakh -Russian son of Vsevolod I of Kiev (b. 1053)

1296- Pope Celestine V -(b. 1215)

1319- Louis, Count of Évreux -(b. 1276)

1389- Dmitry Donskoy -Russian son of Ivan II of Moscow (b. 1350)

1526- Emperor Go-Kashiwabara -of Japan (b. 1464)

1531- Jan Łaski (1456–1531)|Jan Łaski -Polish diplomat (b. 1456)

1536- Anne Boleyn -English wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1501)

1601- Costanzo Porta -Italian composer (b. 1528)

1610- Thomas Sanchez -Spanish priest and theologian (b. 1550)

1637- Isaac Beeckman -Dutch scientist and philosopher (b. 1588)

1715- Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax -English poet and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)

1786- John Stanley (composer)|John Stanley -English organist and composer (b. 1712)

1795- Josiah Bartlett -American physician and politician, 4th Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1729)

1795- James Boswell -Scottish-English lawyer and author (b. 1740)

1798- William Byron, 5th Baron Byron -English lieutenant (b. 1722)

1821- Camille Jordan (politician)|Camille Jordan -French politician (b. 1771)

1825- Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon -French philosopher (b. 1760)

1831- Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz -Estonian-German physician, botanist, and entomologist (b. 1793)

1864- Nathaniel Hawthorne -American author (b. 1804)

1865- Sengge Rinchen -Mongolian general (b. 1811)

1876- Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer -Dutch historian and politician (b. 1801)

1885- Peter W. Barlow -English engineer (b. 1809)

1895- José Martí -Cuban journalist, poet, and philosopher (b. 1853)

1898- William Ewart Gladstone -English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)

1901- Marthinus Wessel Pretorius -South African politician, 1st List of Presidents of the South African Republic|President of the South African Republic (b. 1819)

1903- Arthur Shrewsbury -English cricketer (b. 1856)

1904- Auguste Molinier -French historian (b. 1851)

1904- Jamsetji Tata -Indian businessman, founded Tata Group (b. 1839)

1907- Benjamin Baker (engineer)|Benjamin Baker -English engineer, designed the Forth Bridge (b. 1840)

1912- Bolesław Prus -Polish journalist and author (b. 1847)

1915- John Simpson Kirkpatrick -English-Australian soldier (b. 1892)

1918- Gervais Raoul Lufbery -French-American soldier and pilot (b. 1885)

1935- T. E. Lawrence -Welsh-English colonel (b. 1888)

1940- Diego Mazquiarán -Spanish bullfighter (b. 1895)

1943- Kristjan Raud -Estonian painter (b. 1865)

1945- Philipp Bouhler -German politician (b. 1889)

1946- Booth Tarkington -American author and playwright (b. 1869)

1950- Daniel Ciugureanu -Moldovan politician, Prime Minister of Moldova (b. 1884)

1954- Charles Ives -American composer (b. 1874)

1958- Archie Scott Brown -Scottish race car driver (b. 1927)

1958- Ronald Colman -English-American actor (b. 1891)

1963- Walter Russell -American painter, sculptor, and author (b. 1871)

1965- Tu'i Malila -Malagasy turtle (b. 1777)

1969- Coleman Hawkins -American saxophonist (b. 1901)

1971- Ogden Nash -American poet and author (b. 1902)

1975- Li Tobler -Swiss model and actress (b. 1948)

1978- Albert Kivikas -Estonian-Swedish journalist and author (b. 1898)

1980- Joseph Schull -Canadian playwright and historian (b. 1906)

1983- Jean Rey (politician)|Jean Rey -Belgian lawyer and politician, 2nd President of the European Commission (b. 1902)

1984- John Betjeman -English poet and academic (b. 1906)

1984- Michael Silka -American spree killer (b. 1958)

1986- Jimmy Lyons -American saxophonist (b. 1931)

1987- James Tiptree, Jr. -American psychologist and author (b. 1915)

1989- C. L. R. James -Trinidadian journalist and historian (b. 1901)

1989- Yiannis Papaioannou -Greek composer and educator (b. 1910)

1994- Jacques Ellul -French philosopher and social critic (b. 1912)

1994- Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis -American journalist, 37th First Lady of the United States (b. 1929)

1994- Luis Ocaña -Spanish cyclist (b. 1945)

1996- John Beradino -American baseball player and actor (b. 1917)

1998- Sōsuke Uno -Japanese politician, 75th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1922)

1999- James Blades -English drummer (Melos Ensemble) (b. 1901)

1999- Candy Candido -American actor and singer (b. 1913)

2000- Yevgeny Khrunov -Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1933)

2001- Alexey Maresyev -Russian soldier and pilot (b. 1916)

2001- Susannah McCorkle -American singer (b. 1946)

2002- John Gorton -Australian lieutenant and politician, 19th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1911)

2002- Walter Lord -American historian and author (b. 1917)

2003- Camoflauge -American rapper (b. 1981)

2004- Mary Dresselhuys -Dutch actress (b. 1907)

2005- Henry Corden -Canadian-American actor and singer (b. 1920)

2006- Freddie Garrity -English singer and actor (Freddie and the Dreamers) (b. 1940)

2007- Dean Eyre -New Zealand politician (b. 1914)

2008- Vijay Tendulkar -Indian playwright and screenwriter (b. 1928)

2009- Robert F. Furchgott -American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)

2009- Nicholas Maw -English composer and academic (b. 1935)

2009- Clint Smith -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1913)

2009- Herbert York -American physicist and academic (b. 1921)

2011- Garret FitzGerald -Irish politician, 8th Taoiseach|Taoiseach of Ireland (b. 1926)

2012- Bob Boozer -American basketball player (b. 1937)

2012- Tamara Brooks -American conductor and educator (b. 1941)

2012- Ian Burgess -English race car driver (b. 1930)

2012- Gerhard Hetz -German swimmer (b. 1942)

2012- Phil Lamason -New Zealand soldier and pilot (b. 1918)

2013- Bella Flores -Filipino actress (b. 1929)

2013- G. Sarsfield Ford -American jurist (b. 1933)

2013- Robin Harrison (pianist)|Robin Harrison -English-Canadian pianist and composer (b. 1932)

2013- Carlo Monni -Italian actor (b. 1943)

2013- Neil Reynolds -Canadian journalist and politician (b. 1940)

2014- Simon Andrews (motorcycle racer)|Simon Andrews -English motorcycle racer (b. 1984)

2014- Jack Brabham -Australian race car driver (b. 1926)

2014- Terry W. Gee -American businessman and politician (b. 1940)

2014- Sam Greenlee -American author (b. 1930)

2014- Vincent Harding -American historian and scholar (b. 1931)

2014- Sante Kimes -American murderer (b. 1934)

2014- Gabriel Kolko -American historian and author (b. 1932)

2014- Zbigniew Pietrzykowski -Polish boxer (b. 1934)