This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

332- Constantine the Great -announced free distributions of food to the citizens in Constantinople.

1096- First Crusade -around 800 Jews are Worms massacre (1096)|massacred in Worms, Germany

1152- Henry II of England -marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.

1268-The Principality of Antioch -a crusader states|crusader state, falls to the Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)|Mamluk Sultan Baibars in the Siege of Antioch (1268)|Siege of Antioch.

1302- Bruges Matins (massacre)|Bruges Matins -the nocturnal massacre of the French garrison in Bruges by members of the local Flanders|Flemish militia.

1388-During the Battle of Buyur Lake -General Lan Yu (general)|Lan Yu led a Chinese army forward to crush the Mongol hordes of Tögüs Temür, the Khan of Northern Yuan.

1499- Alonso de Ojeda -sets sail from Cádiz on his voyage to what is now Venezuela.

1565-The Great Siege of Malta -begins, in which Ottoman Empire|Ottoman forces attempt and fail to conquer Malta.

1565-The Royal Audiencia of Concepción -is created by a decree of Philip II of Spain.

1593-Playwright Thomas Kyd -s accusations of Christian heresy|heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe.

1631-In Dorchester, Massachusetts -John Winthrop takes the oath of office and becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts.

1652- Rhode Island -passes the first law in English-speaking North America making slavery illegal.

1756-The Seven Years' War -begins when Great Britain declares war on France.

1783-First United Empire Loyalists -reach Parrtown (later called Saint John, New Brunswick|Saint John), New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States.

1803- Napoleonic Wars -The United Kingdom revokes the Treaty of Amiens and declares war on France.

1804- Napoleon|Napoleon Bonaparte -is proclaimed Emperor of the French by the French Senate.

1811- Battle of Las Piedras (1811)|Battle of Las Piedras -The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay led by José Artigas.

1812- John Bellingham -is found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging for the assassination of British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval.

1843-The Disruption of 1843|Disruption -in Edinburgh of the Free Church of Scotland (1843–1900)|Free Church of Scotland from the Church of Scotland.

1848-Opening of the first German National Assembly -(Frankfurt Parliament|Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.

1860- Abraham Lincoln -wins the Republican Party (United States)|Republican Party presidential nomination over William H. Seward, who later becomes the United States Secretary of State.

1863- American Civil War -The Siege of Vicksburg begins.

1896-The United States Supreme Court -rules in ''Plessy v. Ferguson'' that the "separate but equal" doctrine is constitutional.

1896- Khodynka Tragedy -A mass panic on Khodynka Field in Moscow during the festivities of the coronation of Nicholas II of Russia|Russian Tsar Nicholas II results in the deaths of 1,389 people.

1900-The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate -over Tonga.

1910-The Earth passes through the tail of Comet Halley -

1912-The first Cinema of India|Indian film -''Shree Pundalik'' by Dadasaheb Torne is released in Mumbai.

1917- World War I -The Selective Service Act of 1917 is passed, giving the President of the United States the power of conscription.

1926- Evangelism|Evangelist -Aimee Semple McPherson disappears while visiting a Venice, California beach.

1927-The Bath School disaster -forty-five people are killed by bombs planted by a disgruntled school-board member in Michigan.

1927-After being founded for 20 years, the Government of the Republic of China (1912–49)|Republic of China -approves Tongji University to be among the first national universities of the Republic of China.

1933- New Deal -President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.

1944- World War II -Battle of Monte Cassino

1944-Deportation of Crimean Tatars -by the Soviet Union government.

1948-The First Legislative Yuan -of the Republic of China (1912–49)|Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.

1953- Jacqueline Cochran|Jackie Cochran -becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier.

1955- Operation Passage to Freedom -the evacuation of 310,000 Vietnamese people|Vietnamese civilians, soldiers and non-Vietnamese members of the French Union|French Army from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end of the First Indochina War, ends.

1956-First ascent of Lhotse -8,516 meters, by a Switzerland|Swiss team.

1958-An F-104 Starfighter -sets a Flight airspeed record|world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2,259.82 km/h).

1959-Launch of the National Liberation Committee of Côte d'Ivoire -in Conakry, Guinea.

1965-Israeli spy Eli Cohen -was hanged in Damascus, Syria.

1969- Apollo program -''Apollo 10'' is launched.

1974- Nuclear test -under project Smiling Buddha, India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon becoming the sixth nation to do so.

1974-Completion of the Warsaw radio mast -the tallest construction ever built at the time. It collapsed on August 8, 1991.

1980- 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens -Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington (state)|Washington, United States, killing 57 people and causing $3 billion in damage.

1980- Gwangju Massacre -students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations calling for democratic reforms.

1983-In Republic of Ireland|Ireland -the government launches a crackdown, with the leading Dublin pirate Radio Nova (Ireland)|Radio Nova being put off the air.

1990-In France, a modified TGV -train achieves a new Land speed record for rail vehicles|rail world speed record of TGV world speed record|515.3 km/h (320.2 mph).

1991-Northern Somalia -declares independence from the rest of Somalia as the Republic of Somaliland but is not recognized by the international community.

1993- European Union|EU -- riots in Nørrebro, Copenhagen caused by the approval of the four Danish exceptions in the Danish Maastricht Treaty referendum, 1993#Riots|Maastricht Treaty referendum. Police opened fire against civilians for the first time since World War II and injured 11 demonstrators. In total 113 bullets are fired.

1995- Shawn Nelson -35, steals a tank from a National Guard Armory in San Diego, destroying cars and other property and is shot to death by police after immobilizing the tank.

2005-A second photo from the Hubble Space Telescope -confirms that Pluto has two additional moons, Nix (moon)|Nix and Hydra (moon)|Hydra.

2006-The post 2006 democracy movement in Nepal|Loktantra Andolan -government passes a landmark bill curtailing the power of the Kingdom of Nepal|monarchy and making Nepal a secular country.

2009- Sri Lankan Civil War -The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam|LTTE are defeated by the Government of Sri Lanka|Sri Lankan government, ending almost 26 years of fighting between the two sides.

2011-22 people are killed when Sol Líneas Aéreas Flight 5428 -crashes in southern Argentina.

Famous Birthdays

1048- Omar Khayyám -Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet (d. 1131)

1186- Konstantin of Rostov -Grand Prince of Vladimir (d. 1218)

1474- Isabella d'Este -Italian wife of Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua (d. 1539)

1610- Stefano della Bella -Italian engraver (d. 1664)

1662- George Smalridge -English bishop (d. 1719)

1692- Joseph Butler -English bishop, theologian, and apologist (d. 1752)

1711- Ruđer Bošković -Croatian physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1787)

1777- John George Children -English chemist, mineralogist, and zoologist (d. 1852)

1778- Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry -Irish soldier and diplomat (d. 1854)

1785- John Wilson (Scottish writer)|John Wilson -Scottish author and critic (d. 1854)

1797- Frederick Augustus II of Saxony -King of Saxony (d. 1854)

1822- Mathew Brady -American photographer (d. 1896)

1850- Oliver Heaviside -English engineer, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1925)

1851- James Budd -American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of California (d. 1908)

1852- Gertrude Käsebier -American photographer (d. 1934)

1854- Bernard Zweers -Dutch composer and educator (d. 1924)

1855- Francis Bellamy -American minister and author (d. 1931)

1862- Josephus Daniels -American publisher and politician, 41st United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1948)

1868- Nicholas II of Russia -Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias (d. 1918)

1871- Denis Horgan -Irish thrower (d. 1922)

1872- Bertrand Russell|Bertrand Russell, 3rd Earl Russell -English mathematician, historian, and philosopher, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)

1873- Lucy Beaumont -English-American actress (d. 1937)

1876- Hermann Müller (politician)|Hermann Müller -German politician, 12th Chancellor of Germany (German Reich)|Chancellor of Germany (d. 1931)

1878- Johannes Terwogt -Dutch rower (d. 1977)

1882- Babe Adams -American baseball player, manager, and journalist (d. 1968)

1883- Eurico Gaspar Dutra -Brazilian marshal and politician, 16th President of Brazil (d. 1974)

1883- Walter Gropius -German-American architect, designed the John F. Kennedy Federal Building (d. 1969)

1887- Jeanie MacPherson -American actress and screenwriter (d. 1946)

1889- Thomas Midgley, Jr. -American chemist and engineer (d. 1944)

1891- Rudolf Carnap -German-American philosopher (d. 1970)

1892- Ezio Pinza -Italian-American opera singer (d. 1957)

1895- Augusto César Sandino -Nicaraguan rebel leader (d. 1934)

1896- Eric Backman -Swedish long-distance runner (d. 1965)

1897- Frank Capra -Italian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1991)

1901- Vincent du Vigneaud -American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1978)

1902- Meredith Willson -American playwright and composer (d. 1984)

1904- Shunryu Suzuki -Japanese-American monk and educator (d. 1971)

1904- Jacob K. Javits -American politician, 58th New York State Attorney General (d. 1986)

1905- Hedley Verity -English cricketer (d. 1943)

1907- Irene Hunt -American author (d. 2001)

1907- Lincoln Stedman -American actor (d. 1948)

1909- Fred Perry -English tennis player (d. 1995)

1910- Ester Boserup -Danish economist (d. 1999)

1911- Big Joe Turner -American singer (d. 1985)

1912- Richard Brooks -American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1992)

1912- Perry Como -American singer and actor (d. 2001)

1912- Walter Sisulu -South African politician (d. 2003)

1913- Jane Birdwood, Baroness Birdwood -Canadian-English activist (d. 2000)

1913- Mary Howard de Liagre -American actress (d. 2009)

1913- Charles Trenet -French singer-songwriter (d. 2001)

1914- Pierre Balmain -French fashion designer (d. 1982)

1914- Boris Christoff -Bulgarian opera singer (d. 1993)

1914- Robert J. Wilke -American actor (d. 1989)

1917- Bill Everett -American author and illustrator (d. 1973)

1918- Massimo Girotti -Italian actor (d. 2003)

1919- Margot Fonteyn -English ballerina (d. 1991)

1920- Pope John Paul II -(d. 2005)

1920- Lucia Mannucci -Italian singer and actress (Quartetto Cetra) (d. 2012)

1921- Michael A. Epstein -British pathologist

1922- Gerda Boyesen -Norwegian psychologist (d. 2005)

1922- Bill Macy -American actor

1922- Kai Winding -Danish-American trombonist and composer (d. 1983)

1923- Jean-Louis Roux -Canadian actor and politician, 34th List of lieutenant governors of Quebec|Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 2013)

1923- Hugh Shearer -Jamaican politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)

1924- Priscilla Pointer -American actress

1924- Jack Whitaker -American sportscaster

1925- Lillian Hoban -American author and illustrator (d. 1998)

1926- Dirch Passer -Danish actor, singer, and producer (d. 1980)

1927- Richard Body -British politician

1928- Pernell Roberts -American actor and singer (d. 2010)

1929- Jack Sanford -American baseball player (d. 2000)

1929- Norman St John-Stevas, Baron St John of Fawsley|Norman St John-Stevas -British politician (d. 2012)

1930- Warren Rudman -American lawyer and politician (d. 2012)

1930- Fred Saberhagen -American author (d. 2007)

1931- Barrie Cooke -Anglo-Irish painter (d. 2014)

1931- Don Martin (cartoonist)|Don Martin -American cartoonist (d. 2000)

1931- Robert Morse -American actor and singer

1931- Kalju Pitksaar -Estonian chess player (d. 1995)

1931- Clément Vincent -Canadian politician

1933- Bernadette Chirac -French politician

1933- H. D. Deve Gowda -Indian politician, 11th Prime Minister of India

1933- Don Whillans -English mountaineer (d. 1985)

1934- Dwayne Hickman -American actor and director

1936- Leon Ashley -American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)

1936- Rita Cadillac -French dancer, singer, and actress (d. 1995)

1936- Michael Sandle -British sculptor

1937- Brooks Robinson -American baseball player and sportscaster

1937- Jacques Santer -Luxembourger politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Luxembourg

1938- Joan Blackman -American actress

1939- Silvana Armenulić -Bosnian singer and actress

1939- Patrick Cormack, Baron Cormack|Patrick Cormack -British politician

1939- Giovanni Falcone -Italian judge (d. 1992)

1939- Gordon O'Connor -Canadian general and politician, 38th Minister of National Defence (Canada)|Minister of Defence for Canada

1940- Erico Aumentado -Filipino journalist, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)

1940- Eddy Palchak -Canadian ice hockey trainer and manager (d. 2011)

1941- Gino Brito -Canadian wrestler

1941- Malcolm Longair -British astronomer

1941- Lobby Loyde -Australian guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs, Purple Hearts (Australian band)|Purple Hearts, Wild Cherries, and Rose Tattoo) (d. 2007)

1941- Miriam Margolyes -English-Australian actress

1942- Keith Hellawell -British businessman

1942- Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading|Simon Isaacs -English banker and philanthropist

1942- Nobby Stiles -English footballer, coach, and manager

1943- Jimmy Snuka -Fijian-American wrestler and actor

1944- Albert Hammond -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Family Dogg)

1944- W. G. Sebald -German author and academic (d. 2001)

1944- Ernie Winchester -Scottish footballer (d. 2013)

1946- Bruce Gilbert -English guitarist (Wire (band)|Wire and Dome (band)|Dome)

1946- Frank Hsieh -Taiwanese politician, 40th Premier of the Republic of China

1946- Reggie Jackson -American baseball player, sportscaster, and actor

1946- Andreas Katsulas -American actor (d. 2006)

1946- Gerd Langguth -German political scientist and author (d. 2013)

1947- John Bruton -Irish politician, 10th Taoiseach|Taoiseach of Ireland

1947- Brian Fletcher -English jockey

1947- Gail Strickland -American actress

1947- Hugh Keays-Byrne -Indian-Australian actor

1948- Yi Munyol -South Korean author

1948- Tom Udall -American lawyer and politician, 28th New Mexico Attorney General

1949- Rick Wakeman -English keyboard player and songwriter (Yes (band)|Yes, Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe, and Warhorse (British band)|Warhorse)

1949- Bill Wallace (musician)|Bill Wallace -Canadian bass player (The Guess Who and Brother (Canadian band)|Brother)

1950- Thomas Gottschalk -German television host

1950- Mark Mothersbaugh -American singer-songwriter (Devo)

1950- Nick Wyman -American actor, and President of the Actors' Equity Association

1951- Jim Sundberg -American baseball player

1951- Angela Voigt -German long jumper (d. 2013)

1952- Diane Duane -American author

1952- David Leakey -British military commander

1952- George Strait -American singer, guitarist, producer, and actor

1952- Jeana Yeager -American pilot

1954- Reinhold Heil -German-American pianist and composer (Spliff (band)|Spliff)

1954- Wreckless Eric -English singer-songwriter and guitarist

1955- Chow Yun-fat -Hong Kong actor

1955- Lena T. Hansson -Swedish actress

1955- Peeter Vähi -Estonian composer

1956- Catherine Corsini -French director and screenwriter

1956- John Godber -English dramatist

1957- Michael Cretu -Romanian-German keyboard player and producer (Moti Special, Enigma (musical project)|Enigma)

1957- Henrietta Moore -British social anthropologist

1957- Jane Root -British broadcasting executive

1958- Rubén Omar Romano -Argentinian-Mexican footballer and coach

1958- Toyah Willcox -English singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (Toyah (band)|Toyah, The Humans (band)|The Humans, and Sunday All Over the World)

1959- Graham Dilley -English cricketer (d. 2011)

1959- Jay Wells -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1960- Brent Ashton -Canadian ice hockey player

1960- Jari Kurri -Finnish ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1960- Yannick Noah -French tennis player and singer

1960- Mal Pope -Welsh musician and composer

1961- Jim Bowden -American sportscaster

1962- Sandra (singer)|Sandra -German singer (Arabesque (group)|Arabesque and Enigma (musical project)|Enigma)

1962- Mike Darnell -American businessman

1962- Nanne Grönvall -Swedish singer-songwriter (One More Time (band)|One More Time)

1962- Olga Volozhinskaya -Russian ice dancer and choreographer

1962- Mike Whitmarsh -American volleyball player (d. 2009)

1963- Marty McSorley -Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and actor

1963- Sam Vincent (basketball)|Sam Vincent -American basketball player and coach

1964- Ignasi Guardans -Spanish politician

1964- Mitchell Guist -American hunter (d. 2012)

1965- Guy Opperman -English politician

1965- Ingo Schwichtenberg -German drummer (Helloween) (d. 1995)

1966- Renata Nielsen -Danish long jumper

1966- Michael Tait -American singer-songwriter and producer (DC Talk, Tait (band)|Tait, and Newsboys)

1967- Rob Base -American rapper (Rob Base and DJ E-Z Rock)

1967- Nina Björk -Swedish journalist and author

1967- Heinz-Harald Frentzen -German race car driver

1967- Nancy Juvonen -American screenwriter and producer, co-founded Flower Films

1968- Shelley Lubben -American porn actress and author

1968- Sergei Martynov (sport shooter)|Sergei Martynov -Belarusian target shooter

1968- Ralf Kelleners -German racing driver

1969- Martika -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1969- Holly Aird -English actress

1970- Tina Fey -American actress, screenwriter, and producer

1970- Tim Horan -Australian rugby player and sportscaster

1970- Billy Howerdel -American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (A Perfect Circle and Ashes Divide)

1971- Brad Friedel -American soccer player

1971- Desiree Horton -American pilot and journalist

1971- Mark Menzies -Scottish polician

1971- Nobuteru Taniguchi -Japanese race car driver

1972- Turner Stevenson -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1973- Brian Heffron -American wrestler and actor

1973- Donyell Marshall -American basketball player and coach

1973- Chantal Kreviazuk -Canadian singer-songwriter and pianist

1973- Aleksandr Olerski -Estonian footballer (d. 2011)

1974- Nelson Figueroa -American baseball player

1974- Valmo Kriisa -Estonian basketball player

1975- John Higgins (snooker player)|John Higgins -Scottish snooker player

1975- Jack Johnson (musician)|Jack Johnson -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1976- Ron Mercer -American basketball player

1976- Marko Tomasović (composer)|Marko Tomasović -Croatian pianist and composer

1976- Oleg Tverdovsky -Ukrainian ice hockey player

1977- Lee Hendrie -English footballer

1977- Danny Mills -English footballer

1978- Ricardo Carvalho -Portuguese footballer

1978- Jessica Cutler -American blogger and author

1978- Chad Donella -Canadian actor

1978- Marcus Giles -American baseball player

1978- William Herbert, 18th Earl of Pembroke|William Herbert -English Peerage|peer and landowner

1978- Charles Kamathi -Kenyan long-distance runner

1979- Jens Bergensten -Swedish video game designer, co-designed ''Minecraft''

1979- Anna Chatziathanassiou -Greek figure skater

1979- Mariusz Lewandowski -Polish footballer

1979- Michal Martikán -Slovak canoe racer

1979- David Nail -American singer-songwriter

1979- Milivoje Novaković -Slovenian footballer

1979- Julián Speroni -Argentinian footballer

1980- Aileen Campbell -Scottish politician

1980- Reggie Evans -American basketball player

1980- Michaël Llodra -French tennis player

1980- Matt Long -American actor

1980- Jeff Roehl -American football player

1980- Felicia Pearson -American actress, singer, and author

1980- Diego Pérez (footballer)|Diego Pérez -Uruguayan footballer

1980- Ali Zafar -Pakistani singer-songwriter, actor, and director

1981- Mahamadou Diarra -Malian footballer

1982- Jason Brown (footballer)|Jason Brown -English footballer

1982- Marie-Ève Pelletier -Canadian tennis player

1983- Gary O'Neil -English footballer

1983- Luis Terrero -Dominican baseball player

1983- Vince Young -American football player

1984- Ivet Lalova -Bulgarian sprinter

1984- Simon Pagenaud -French race car driver

1984- Darius Šilinskis -Lithuanian basketball player

1984- Joakim Soria -Mexican baseball player

1984- Niki Terpstra -Dutch cyclist

1985- Francesca Battistelli -American singer-songwriter

1985- Dalma Kovács -Romanian singer and actress

1985- Oliver Sin -Hungarian painter

1985- Henrique Sereno -Portuguese footballer

1986- Ahmed Hamada -Egyptian race car driver

1986- Ryan Lamb -English rugby player

1986- Katya Shchekina -Russian model

1986- Kevin Anderson (tennis)|Kevin Anderson -South African tennis player

1987- Luisana Lopilato -Argentinian actress and singer

1988- Taeyang -South Korean singer, dancer, and actor (Big Bang (South Korean band)|Big Bang)

1988- Ryan Cooley -Canadian actor

1988- Kōji Seto -Japanese actor and singer

1988- Tanner Wayne -American drummer (Underminded, Chiodos, and Scary Kids Scaring Kids)

1990- Heo Ga-yoon -South Korean singer, dancer, and actress (4minute and 2YOON)

1990- Luke Kleintank -American actor

1990- Yuya Osako -Japanese footballer

1992- Spencer Breslin -American actor and singer

1993- Stuart Percy -Canadian ice hockey player

1993- Jessica Watson -Australian sailor

1998- Polina Edmunds -American figure skater

1999- Laura Omloop -Belgian singer-songwriter

History of Deaths

526- Pope John I -(b. 470)

1401- Vladislaus II of Opole -(b. 1332)

1550- Jean, Cardinal of Lorraine -(b. 1498)

1551- Domenico di Pace Beccafumi -Italian painter (b. 1486)

1584- Ikeda Motosuke -Japanese commander (b. 1559)

1675- Stanisław Lubieniecki -Polish astronomer, theologian, and historian (b. 1623)

1675- Jacques Marquette -French-American missionary and explorer (b. 1637)

1692- Elias Ashmole -English astrologer and politician (b. 1617)

1733- Georg Böhm -German organist and composer (b. 1761)

1780- Charles Hardy -English-American admiral and politician, 29th List of colonial governors of New York|Colonial Governor of New York (b. 1714)

1781- Túpac Amaru II -Peruvian-Indian rebel leader (b. 1742)

1792- Levy Solomons -Canadian merchant and fur trader (b. 1730)

1795- Robert Rogers (soldier)|Robert Rogers -American colonial frontiersman (b. 1731)

1799- Pierre Beaumarchais -French playwright (b. 1732)

1800- Alexander Suvorov -Russian general (b. 1729)

1807- John Douglas (bishop of Salisbury)|John Douglas -Scottish bishop and scholar (b. 1721)

1808- Elijah Craig -American minister, inventor, and educator, invented Bourbon whiskey (b. 1738)

1829- Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony -(b. 1803)

1844- Richard McCarty (U.S. politician)|Richard McCarty -American politician (b. 1780)

1853- Lionel Kieseritzky -Baltic German/French chess player (b. 1806)

1889- Isabella Glyn -Scottish-English actress (b. 1823)

1900- Félix Ravaisson-Mollien -French archaeologist and philosopher (b. 1813)

1908- Louis-Napoléon Casault -Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1823)

1909- Isaac Albéniz -Spanish pianist and composer (b. 1860)

1909- George Meredith -English author and poet (b. 1828)

1910- Eliza Orzeszkowa -Polish author (b. 1841)

1910- Pauline Viardot -French soprano and composer (b. 1821)

1911- Gustav Mahler -Austrian composer (b. 1860)

1922- Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran -French physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)

1927- Andrew Kehoe -American educator and murderer, committed the Bath School disaster (b. 1872)

1941- Werner Sombart -German economist and sociologist (b. 1863)

1943- Ōnishiki Daigorō -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 28th Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (b. 1883)

1947- Hal Chase -American baseball player and manager (b. 1883)

1955- Mary McLeod Bethune -American educator and activist (b. 1875)

1956- Maurice Tate -English cricketer (b. 1895)

1958- Jacob Fichman -Israeli poet and critic (b. 1881)

1963- Ernie Davis -American football player, coach, and manager (b. 1939)

1967- Andy Clyde -Scottish-American actor (b. 1892)

1971- Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh -Russian mathematician (b. 1908)

1973- Jeannette Rankin -American politician (b. 1880)

1975- Leroy Anderson -American composer (b. 1908)

1980-Victims of 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens|Mount St. Helens eruption -

1980- Ian Curtis -English singer-songwriter (Joy Division) (b. 1956)

1981- Arthur O'Connell -American actor (b. 1908)

1981- William Saroyan -American author and playwright (b. 1908)

1988- Daws Butler -American voice actor (b. 1916)

1989- Dorothy Ruth -American horse breeder and author (b. 1921)

1990- Jill Ireland -English-American actress (b. 1936)

1992- Skip Stephenson -American comedian and actor (b. 1940)

1992- Marshall Thompson -American actor and director (b. 1925)

1995- Elisha Cook, Jr. -American actor (b. 1903)

1995- Alexander Godunov -Russian-American ballet dancer and actor (b. 1949)

1995- Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty -Irish ufologist (b. 1911)

1995- Elizabeth Montgomery -American actress (b. 1933)

1997- Bridgette Andersen -American actress (b. 1975)

1999- Augustus Pablo -Jamaican singer, keyboard player, and producer (b. 1954)

1999- Betty Robinson -American runner (b. 1911)

2000- Muhammad Yusuf Ludhianvi -Indian-Pakistani scholar (b. 1932)

2000- Stephen M. Wolownik -Russian-American composer (b. 1946)

2001- Irene Hunt -American author and illustrator (b. 1907)

2002- Davey Boy Smith -English wrestler (b. 1962)

2003- Anna Santisteban -Puerto Rican businesswoman (b. 1914)

2003- Barb Tarbox -Canadian activist (b. 1961)

2004- Elvin Jones -American drummer and bandleader (b. 1927)

2004- Serge Turgeon -Canadian actor and union leader (b. 1946)

2006- Andrew Martinez -American activist (b. 1972)

2007- Pierre-Gilles de Gennes -French physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1932)

2007- Yoyoy Villame -Filipino singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1932)

2008- Joseph Pevney -American actor and director (b. 1911)

2009- Dolla (rapper)|Dolla -American rapper (b. 1987)

2009- Wayne Allwine -American voice actor and sound editor (b. 1947)

2009- Velupillai Prabhakaran -Sri Lankan rebel leader, founded the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1954)

2012- Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau -German opera singer and conductor (b. 1925)

2012- Jai Gurudev -Indian religious leader (b. 1895)

2012- Peter Jones (drummer)|Peter Jones -English-Australian drummer (Crowded House and Deadstar) (b. 1967)

2012- Alan Oakley (designer)|Alan Oakley -English bicycle designer (b. 1927)

2012- Paul O'Sullivan (actor)|Paul O'Sullivan -Canadian actor and educator (b. 1964)

2013- Aleksei Balabanov -Russian director and screenwriter (b. 1959)

2013- Jo Benkow -Norwegian politician (b. 1924)

2013- Mario Bichón -Chilean politician (b. 1932)

2013- Neil Chrisley -American baseball player (b. 1931)

2013- Nam Duck-woo -South Korean politician, 12th Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1924)

2013- Steve Forrest (actor)|Steve Forrest -American actor (b. 1925)

2013- Zahra Shahid Hussain -Pakistani politician (b. 1944)

2013- Ernst Klee -German journalist and author (b. 1942)

2013- David McMillan (American football)|David McMillan -American football player (b. 1981)

2013- Newton Russell -American politician (b. 1927)

2013- Lothar Schmid -German chess player (b. 1928)

2013- Claramae Turner -American opera singer and actress (b. 1920)

2013- Arthur Malet -English actor (b. 1927)