This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

495 BC-A newly constructed temple in honour of the god Mercury (mythology)|Mercury -was dedicated in ancient Rome on the Circus Maximus, between the Aventine Hill|Aventine and Palatine hills. To spite the senate and the consuls, the people awarded the dedication to a Primus pilus|senior military officer, Laetoria (gens)|Marcus Laetorius

392-Emperor Valentinian II -is assassinated while advancing into Gaul against the Franks|Frankish usurper Arbogast (general)|Arbogast. He is found hanging in his residence at Vienne.

589-King Authari -marries Theodelinda, daughter of the Bavarian duke Garibald I of Bavaria|Garibald I. A Catholicism|Catholic, she has great influence among the Lombards|Lombard nobility.

1252- Pope Innocent IV -issues the papal bull ''ad extirpanda'', which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition.

1525- Insurgency|Insurgent -peasants led by Anabaptist pastor Thomas Müntzer were defeated at the Battle of Frankenhausen, ending the German Peasants' War in the Holy Roman Empire.

1536- Anne Boleyn -Queen of England, stands trial in London on charges of treason, adultery and incest. She is condemned to death by a specially-selected jury.

1567- Mary, Queen of Scots -marries James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, her third husband.

1602- Bartholomew Gosnold -becomes the first recorded European to see Cape Cod.

1618- Johannes Kepler -confirms his previously rejected discovery of the Kepler's laws of planetary motion|third law of planetary motion (he first discovered it on March 8 but soon rejected the idea after some initial calculations were made).

1648-The Peace of Westphalia|Treaty of Westphalia -is signed.

1701-The War of the Spanish Succession -begins.

1718- James Puckle -a London lawyer, patents the world's first machine gun.

1755- Laredo, Texas -is established by the Spaniards.

1776- American Revolution -the Virginia Convention instructs its Continental Congress delegation to propose a Lee Resolution|resolution of independence from Great Britain, paving the way for the United States Declaration of Independence.

1791- French Revolution -Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying_Ordinance_(French_Revolution)|Self-denying Ordinance.

1792- War of the First Coalition -France declares war on Kingdom of Sardinia.

1793- Diego Marín Aguilera -flies a glider for "about 360 meters", at a height of 5–6 meters, during one of the first attempted manned flights.

1796- First Coalition -Napoleon enters Milan in triumph.

1800-King George III of the United Kingdom -survives an assassination attempt by James Hadfield, who is later acquitted by reason of insanity.

1811- Paraguay -declares independence from Spain.

1817-Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital -in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1836- Francis Baily -observes "Baily's beads" during an annular eclipse.

1849-Troops of the Two Sicilies -take Palermo and crush the republican government of Sicily

1850-The Bloody Island Massacre -takes place in Lake County, California, in which a large number of Pomo Indians in Lake County are slaughtered by a regiment of the United States Cavalry, led by Nathaniel Lyon.

1858-Opening of the present Royal Opera House -in Covent Garden, London.

1862- President of the United States|President -Abraham Lincoln signs a bill into law creating the United States Bureau of Agriculture. It is later renamed the United States Department of Agriculture.

1864- American Civil War -Battle of Resaca, Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia ends.

1864-American Civil War: Battle of New Market -Virginia: Students from the Virginia Military Institute fight alongside the Confederate States of America|Confederate Army to force Union (American Civil War)|Union General Franz Sigel out of the Shenandoah Valley.

1869- Women's suffrage -in New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association.

1891- Pope Leo XIII -defends Labor rights|workers' rights and property rights in the encyclical ''Rerum Novarum'', the beginning of modern Catholic social teaching.

1904- Russo-Japanese War -The Russian minelayer ''Amur'' lays a Naval mine|minefield about 15 miles off Lüshunkou District|Port Arthur and sinks Japan's battleships Japanese battleship Hatsuse|''Hatsuse'', 15,000 tons, with 496 crew and Japanese battleship Yashima|''Yashima''.

1905- Las Vegas -is founded when {{convert|110|acre|km2}}, in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off.

1911-In '' Standard Oil Company of New Jersey v. United States -', the Supreme Court of the United States|United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and orders the company to be broken up.

1919-The Winnipeg General Strike -begins. By 11:00, almost the whole working population of Winnipeg, Manitoba had walked off the job.

1919-Greek invasion of İzmir|Smyrna -During the invasion, the Greek army kills or wounds 350 Turkish people|Turks. Those responsible are punished by the Greek Commander Aristides Stergiades.

1928- Walt Disney -character Mickey Mouse premieres in his first cartoon, Plane Crazy

1929-A fire at the Cleveland Clinic -in Cleveland, Ohio kills 123.

1932-In an attempted coup d'état -the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is May 15 Incident|murdered.

1934- Kārlis Ulmanis -establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.