This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


1264- Battle of Lewes -Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester|Simon de Montfort the ''de facto'' ruler of England.

1509- Battle of Agnadello -In northern Italy, France|French forces defeat the Republic of Venice|Venetians.

1607- Jamestown, Virginia -is settled as an Kingdom of England|English colony.

1608-The Protestant Union -is founded in Auhausen.

1610- Henry IV of France -is assassinated, bringing Louis XIII to the throne.

1643-Four-year-old Louis XIV of France|Louis XIV -becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII of France|Louis XIII.

1747- War of the Austrian Succession -A Kingdom of Great Britain|British fleet under Admiral (United Kingdom)|Admiral George Anson, 1st Baron Anson|George Anson defeats the French at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre (1747)|First Battle of Cape Finisterre.

1787-In Philadelphia -delegates convene a Constitutional Convention (United States)|Constitutional Convention to write a new United States Constitution|Constitution for the United States; George Washington presides.

1796- Edward Jenner -administers the first smallpox vaccination.

1804-The Lewis and Clark Expedition -departs from Camp Dubois and begins its historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.

1811- Paraguay -Pedro Juan Caballero (politician)|Pedro Juan Caballero, Fulgencio Yegros and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia start actions to depose the Spanish governor

1836-The Treaties of Velasco -are signed in Velasco, Texas.

1863- American Civil War -The Battle of Jackson, Mississippi|Battle of Jackson takes place.

1868- Boshin War -The Battle of Utsunomiya Castle ends as former Tokugawa shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.

1870-The first game of rugby football|rugby -in New Zealand is played in Nelson, New Zealand|Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.

1879-The first group of 463 Indian indenture system|Indian indentured laborers -arrives in Fiji aboard the {{ship||Leonidas|ship|6}}.

1889-The children's Charitable organization|charity -the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children is launched in London.

1897-'' The Stars and Stripes Forever -' is first performed in public near Willow Grove Park, Philadelphia.

1913- Governor of New York -William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.

1925- Virginia Woolf -s novel ''Mrs Dalloway'' is published.

1929- Wilfred Rhodes -takes his 4000th first-class cricket|first-class wicket during a performance of 9 for 39 at Leyton; he is the only player in history to have reached that number.

1931- Ådalen shootings -Five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.

1935-The Philippines -ratifies an independence agreement.

1939- Lina Medina -becomes the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.

1940- World War II -Rotterdam is bombed by the Nazi Germany|German Luftwaffe.

1940-World War II: The Battle of the Netherlands -ends with the Netherlands surrendering to Germany.

1940-The Yermolayev Yer-2 -a long-range Soviet Union|Soviet medium bomber, makes its first flight.

1943-World War II: A Japanese submarine -sinks {{Ship|AHS|Centaur}} off the coast of Queensland.

1948- Israel -is declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

1951-Trains run on the Talyllyn Railway -in Wales for the first time since heritage railway|preservation, making it the first railway in the world to be operated by volunteers.

1955- Cold War -Eight Communism|Communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact.

1961- American civil rights movement -The Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protesters are beaten by an angry mob.

1963- Kuwait -joins the United Nations.

1970-The Red Army Faction -is established in West Germany.

1973-'' Skylab -', the United States' first space station, is launched.

1988- Carrollton bus collision -A drunk driving|drunk driver traveling the wrong way on Interstate 71 near Carrollton, Kentucky, United States hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group. Twenty-seven die in the crash and ensuing fire.

2004-The Constitutional Court of South Korea -overturns the impeachment of President of South Korea|President Roh Moo-hyun.

2012- Agni Air Flight CHT -crashes near Jomsom Airport in Jomsom, Nepal, after a failed go-around, killing 15 people.

2013- Nigeria -President of Nigeria|President Goodluck Jonathan declares a state of emergency in the northeast states of Borno State|Borno, Yobe State|Yobe and Adamawa State|Adamawa due to the terrorist activities of Boko Haram.

Famous Birthdays


1316- Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor -(d. 1378)

1553- Margaret of Valois -(d. 1615)

1574- Francesco Rasi -Italian singer-songwriter, theorbo player, and poet (d. 1621)

1630- Katakura Kagenaga (2nd)|Katakura Kagenaga -Japanese samurai (d. 1681)

1652- Johann Philipp Förtsch -German composer (d. 1732)

1657- Sambhaji -Indian emperor (d. 1689)

1666- Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia -(d. 1732)

1679- Peder Horrebow -Danish astronomer and mathematician (d. 1764)

1699- Hans Joachim von Zieten -Prussian general (d. 1786)

1701- William Emerson (mathematician)|William Emerson -English mathematician (d. 1782)

1710- Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden -(d. 1771)

1725- Ludovico Manin -French politician, Doge of Venice (d. 1802)

1727- Thomas Gainsborough -English painter (d. 1788)

1737- George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney -Irish-English politician, List of colonial governors of Grenada|Governor of Grenada (d. 1806)

1752- Timothy Dwight IV -American minister, theologian, and academic (d. 1817)

1752- Albrecht Thaer -German agronomist (d. 1828)

1771- Robert Owen -Welsh social reformer (d. 1858)

1781- Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer -German historian and academic (d. 1873)

1814- Charles Beyer -German-English engineer, co-founded the Beyer, Peacock and Company (d. 1876)

1817- Alexander Kaufmann -German poet (d. 1893)

1832- Rudolf Lipschitz -German mathematician and educator (d. 1903)

1832- Charles Peace -English criminal (d. 1879)

1852- Henri Julien -Canadian illustrator (d. 1908)

1867- Kurt Eisner -German journalist and politician, Prime Minister of Bavaria (d. 1919)

1868- Magnus Hirschfeld -German physician and sexologist (d. 1935)

1869- Arthur Rostron -English captain (d. 1940)

1872- Elia Dalla Costa -Italian cardinal (d. 1961)

1878- J. L. Wilkinson -American baseball player and manager (d. 1964)

1879- Fred Englehardt -American jumper (d. 1942)

1880- Wilhelm List -German general (d. 1971)

1881- George Murray Hulbert -American politician (d. 1950)

1881- Ed Walsh -American baseball player and coach (d. 1959)

1885- Otto Klemperer -German composer and conductor (d. 1973)

1887- Ants Kurvits -Estonian general (d. 1943)

1890- Alex Pompez -American businessman (d. 1974)

1893- Louis Verneuil -French actor and playwright (d. 1952)

1897- Sidney Bechet -American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (d. 1959)

1897- Ed Ricketts -American biologist and ecologist (d. 1948)

1899- Pierre Victor Auger -French physicist (d. 1993)

1899- Earle Combs -American baseball player and coach (d. 1976)

1900- Hal Borland -American journalist and author (d. 1978)

1900- Walter Rehberg -Swiss pianist and composer (d. 1957)

1900- Leo Smit (Dutch composer)|Leo Smit -Dutch pianist and composer (d. 1943)

1900- Edgar Wind -German-English historian and educator (d. 1971)

1901- Robert Ritter -German psychologist and physician (d. 1951)

1903- Billie Dove -American actress (d. 1997)

1904- Hans Albert Einstein -Swiss-American engineer and educator (d. 1973)

1904- Marcel Junod -Swiss physician (d. 1961)

1905- Jean Daniélou -French cardinal (d. 1974)

1905- Herbert Morrison (announcer)|Herbert Morrison -American journalist (d. 1989)

1905- Antonio Berni -Argentinian painter, illustrator, and engraver (d. 1981)

1907- Ayub Khan (field marshal)|Ayub Khan -Pakistani general and politician, 2nd President of Pakistan (d. 1974)

1907- Johnny Moss -American poker player (d. 1995)

1907- Hans von der Groeben -German diplomat (d. 2005)

1908- Betty Jeffrey -Australian nurse (d. 2000)

1909- Godfrey Rampling -English sprinter and colonel (d. 2009)

1914- Mir Gul Khan Nasir -Baloch politician, poet, historian and journalist from Pakistan (d. 1983)

1916- Robert F. Christy -Canadian-American physicist and astronomer (d. 2012)

1916- Lance Dossor -English-Australian pianist and educator (d. 2005)

1916- Del Moore -American actor (d. 1970)

1916- Marco Zanuso -Italian architect (d. 2001)

1917- Lou Harrison -American composer and critic (d. 2003)

1917- Norman Luboff -American composer and conductor (d. 1987)

1919- Solange Chaput-Rolland -Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2001)

1919- John Hope (meteorologist)|John Hope -American meteorologist (d. 2002)

1921- Richard Deacon (actor)|Richard Deacon -American actor (d. 1984)

1921- Arve Opsahl -Norwegian actor and singer (d. 2007)

1922- Franjo Tuđman -Croatian general and politician, 1st President of Croatia (d. 1999)

1923- Adnan Pachachi -Iraqi politician, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Iraq)|Foreign Minister of Iraq

1923- Mrinal Sen -Indian director, producer, and screenwriter

1925- Sophie Kurys -American baseball player (d. 2013)

1925- Patrice Munsel -American soprano

1925- Oona O'Neill -Bermudian-Swiss wife of Charlie Chaplin (d. 1991)

1925- Boris Parsadanian -Armenian-Estonian composer (d. 1997)

1925- Al Porcino -American trumpet player (d. 2013)

1926- Eric Morecambe -English comedian and actor (d. 1984)

1927- Herbert W. Franke -Austrian scientist and author

1928- Will "Dub" Jones -American singer (The Coasters and The Cadets (doo wop)|The Cadets) (d. 2000)

1928- Frederik H. Kreuger -Dutch scientist, author, and academic

1928- Brian Macdonald (choreographer)|Brian Macdonald -Canadian dancer and choreographer

1929- Barbara Branden -Canadian-American author (d. 2013)

1929- Henry McGee -English actor (d. 2006)

1929- Gump Worsley -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)

1931- Alvin Lucier -American composer

1932- Robert Bechtle -American painter

1932- Mario Bichón -Chilean politician (d. 2013)

1933- Michael Chevalier -German actor

1933- Frank Harte -Irish singer (d. 2005)

1933- Siân Phillips -Welsh actress and singer

1935- Rudi Šeligo -Slovenian playwright and politician (d. 2004)

1936- Bobby Darin -American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1973)

1936- Charlie Gracie -American singer and guitarist

1936- Dick Howser -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1987)

1938- Robert Boyd (paediatrician)|Robert Boyd -English pediatrician and academic

1940- Chay Blyth -Scottish sailor

1940- H. Jones -English colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1982)

1940- George Mathewson -Scottish banker and businessman

1940- Troy Shondell -American singer-songwriter

1941- Ada den Haan -Dutch swimmer

1942- Valeriy Brumel -Russian high jumper (d. 2003)

1942- Byron Dorgan -American politician

1942- Prentis Hancock -Scottish actor

1942- Alistair McAlpine, Baron McAlpine of West Green -English businessman and politician (d. 2014)

1942- Tony Pérez -Cuban-American baseball player and manager

1942- Malise Ruthven -Irish author and academic

1942- Rüdiger Vogler -German actor

1943- Jack Bruce -Scottish-English singer-songwriter and bass player (Cream (band)|Cream, Blues Incorporated, The Graham Bond Organisation, and West, Bruce and Laing) (d. 2014)

1943- L. Denis Desautels -Canadian accountant and civil servant

1943- Derek Leckenby -English guitarist (Herman's Hermits) (d. 1994)

1943- Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson -Icelandic politician, 5th President of Iceland

1943- Richard Peto -English statistician and epidemiologist

1943- Elizabeth Ray -American secretary

1944- Gene Cornish -Canadian-American guitarist (The Rascals and Fotomaker)

1944- George Lucas -American director, producer, and screenwriter, founded Lucasfilm

1944- Jaan Talts -Estonian weightlifter

1945- Francesca Annis -English actress

1945- George Nicholls (rugby league)|George Nicholls -English rugby player

1945- Yochanan Vollach -Israeli footballer

1946- Sarah Hogg, Viscountess Hailsham -English economist and journalist

1947- Tamara Dobson -American actress (d. 2006)

1948- Tim Stevenson (Lord Lieutenant)|Timothy Stevenson -English lawyer and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire

1948- Bob Woolmer -Indian-English cricketer and coach (d. 2007)

1949- Sverre Årnes -Norwegian author

1949- Walter Day -American game designer and businessman, founded Twin Galaxies

1949- Johan Schans -Dutch swimmer

1949- Klaus-Peter Thaler -German cyclist

1950- Adolfo Domínguez -Spanish fashion designer

1951- Robert Zemeckis -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1952- David Byrne -Scottish-American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Talking Heads)

1952- Michael Fallon -Scottish politician

1952- Scott Irwin -American wrestler (d. 1987)

1952- Raul Mälk -Estonian politician, 22nd Minister of Foreign Affairs of Estonia

1952- Donald R. McMonagle -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut

1953- Tom Cochrane -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Red Rider)

1953- Norodom Sihamoni -Cambodian king

1953- Hywel Williams -Welsh politician

1955- Marie Chouinard -Canadian dancer and choreographer

1955- Kenth Eldebrink -Swedish javelin thrower

1955- Alasdair Fraser -Scottish fiddler (Skyedance)

1955- Peter Kirsten -South African cricketer

1955- Dennis Martínez -Nicaraguan baseball player and coach

1955- Jens Sparschuh -German author

1956- Hazel Blears -English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government

1957- Big Van Vader -American wrestler and actor

1958- Christine Brennan -American journalist and author

1958- Chris Evans (Australian politician)|Chris Evans -English-Australian politician

1958- Jan Ravens -English actress

1958- Wilma Rusman -Dutch runner

1958- Andrus Vaarik -Estonian actor and director

1959- Patrick Bruel -French actor, singer, and poker player

1959- Markus Büchel -Liechtensteiner politician, 9th Prime Minister of Liechtenstein (d. 2013)

1959- Robert Greene (American author)|Robert Greene -American author

1959- Steve Hogarth -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Marillion, The Europeans (band)|The Europeans, and How We Live)

1959- John Holt (American football)|John Holt -American football player (d. 2013)

1959- Rick Vaive -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1959- Heather Wheeler -English politician

1960- Anne Clark -English singer-songwriter and poet

1960- Alec Dankworth -English bassist and composer

1960- Ronan Tynan -Irish tenor (The Irish Tenors)

1960- "Dr. Death" Steve Williams -American football player and wrestler (d. 2009)

1961- Ulrike Folkerts -German actress

1961- Jean Leloup -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1961- David Quantick -English journalist and critic

1961- Tim Roth -English actor and director

1961- Alain Vigneault -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1962- Ian Astbury -English-Canadian singer-songwriter (The Cult, The Wondergirls, Circus of Power, and Holy Barbarians (band)|Holy Barbarians)

1962- C.C. DeVille -American guitarist, songwriter, and actor (Poison (American band)|Poison and Samantha 7)

1962- Danny Huston -Italian-American actor and director

1963- Pat Borders -American baseball player and coach

1963- David Yelland (journalist)|David Yelland -English journalist

1964- James M. Kelly -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut

1964- Suzy Kolber -American sportscaster and producer

1964- Eric Peterson (musician)|Eric Peterson -American guitarist and songwriter (Testament (band)|Testament and Dragonlord (band)|Dragonlord)

1965- Eoin Colfer -Irish author

1965- Emma Forbes -English radio and television host

1966- Marianne Denicourt -French actress

1966- Mike Inez -American bass player and songwriter (Alice in Chains, Black Label Society, Slash's Snakepit, and Spys4Darwin)

1966- Fab Morvan -French singer-songwriter and dancer (Milli Vanilli, Rob & Fab, and Empire Bizarre)

1966- Raphael Saadiq -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Tony! Toni! Toné! and Lucy Pearl)

1967- Natasha Kaiser-Brown -American sprinter

1967- Tony Siragusa -American football player and journalist

1968- Greg Davies -Welsh comedian and actor

1969- Cate Blanchett -Australian actress

1969- Sabine Schmitz -German race car driver

1969- Henry Smith (British politician)|Henry Smith -English politician

1969- Danny Wood -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (New Kids on the Block and Upper Street (band)|Upper Street)

1971- Nasha Aziz -Malaysian model and actress

1971- Sofia Coppola -American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter

1971- Martin Reim -Estonian footballer

1972- Gabriel Mann -American actor

1972- Mark Ruskell -Scottish politician

1973- Shanice -American singer-songwriter

1973- Chris Cleave -British author and journalist

1973- Natalie Appleton -Canadian singer and actress (All Saints (group)|All Saints and Appleton (music duo)|Appleton)

1973- Anais Granofsky -Canadian actress, director, and screenwriter

1973- Voshon Lenard -American basketball player

1973- Fraser Nelson -Scottish journalist

1973- Julian White -English rugby player

1974- Jennifer Allan -American model

1974- Krister Axel -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1974- Anu Välba -Estonian journalist

1975- Nicki Sørensen -Danish cyclist

1976- Hunter Burgan -American bass player (AFI (band)|AFI, The Force (band)|The Force, and The Frisk)

1976- Brian Lawrence -American baseball player and coach

1976- Martine McCutcheon -English actress and singer

1977- Sophie Anderton -English model

1977- Roy Halladay -American baseball player

1977- Ada Nicodemou -Cypriot-Australian actress

1977- Pusha T -American rapper (Clipse and Re-Up Gang)

1978- Brent Harvey -Australian footballer

1978- Eddie House -American basketball player

1978- André Macanga -Angolan footballer

1978- Gustavo Varela -Uruguayan footballer

1979- Dan Auerbach -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Black Keys)

1979- Edwige Lawson-Wade -French basketball player

1979- Clinton Morrison -English-Irish footballer

1979- Carlos Tenorio -Ecuadorian footballer

1979- Bleona|Bleona Qereti -Albanian-American singer and actress

1980- Zdeněk Grygera -Czech footballer

1980- Pavel Londak -Estonian footballer

1980- Eugène Martineau (athlete)|Eugene Martineau -Dutch decathlete

1980- Júlia Sebestyén -Hungarian figure skater

1980- Hugo Southwell -English-Scottish rugby player

1981- Pranav Mistry -Indian computer scientist

1982- Beardyman -English singer

1982- Ai Shibata -Japanese swimmer

1982- Stanimir Todorov -Bulgarian figure skater

1983- Anahí -Mexican singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (RBD)

1983- Sarbel -English-Greek singer

1983- Keeley Donovan -English journalist

1983- Frank Gore -American football player

1983- Uroš Slokar -Slovenian basketball player

1983- Amber Tamblyn -American actress

1983- Tom Welham -English singer and guitarist (Thirteen Senses)

1984- Gary Ablett, Jr. -Australian footballer

1984- Luke Gregerson -American baseball player

1984- Olly Murs -English singer-songwriter, musician and presenter

1984- Michael Rensing -German footballer

1984- Nigel Reo-Coker -English footballer

1984- Indrek Siska -Estonian footballer

1984- Mark Zuckerberg -American computer programmer and businessman, co-founded Facebook

1985- Dustin Lynch -American singer-songwriter

1985- Sally Martin -New Zealand actress

1985- Simona Peycheva -Bulgarian gymnast

1985- Zack Ryder -American wrestler

1985- Georgia Salpa -Greek-Irish model

1986- Alyosha (singer)|Alyosha -Ukrainian singer

1986- Andrea Bovo -Italian footballer

1986- Clay Matthews III -American football player

1986- Marco Motta -Italian footballer

1986- Camila Sodi -Mexican actress

1987- Zarine Khan -Indian model and actress

1987- Jeong Min-Hyeong -South Korean footballer (d. 2012)

1987- Franck Songo'o -Cameroonian footballer

1987- François Steyn -South African rugby player

1988- Jayne Appel -American basketball player

1989- Alina Talay -Belarusian hurdler

1990- Olga Ikonnikova -Estonian figure skater

1990- Emily Samuelson -American ice dancer

1993- Miranda Cosgrove -American actress and singer

1993- Kristina Mladenovic -French tennis player

1993- Bence Rakaczki -Hungarian footballer (d. 2014)

1994- Marcos Aoás Corrêa -Brazilian footballer

1994- Dennis Praet -Belgian footballer

1995- Jonah Placid -Australian rugby player

1996- Martin Garrix -Dutch DJ and producer

1998- Taruni Sachdev -Indian actress (d. 2012)

History of Deaths


964- Pope John XII -(b. 927)

1219- William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke -English soldier and politician (b. 1147)

1470- Charles VIII of Sweden -(b. 1409)

1608- Charles III, Duke of Lorraine -(b. 1543)

1610- Henry IV of France -(b. 1553)

1643- Louis XIII of France -(b. 1601)

1649- Friedrich Spanheim -Swiss theologian and academic (b. 1600)

1667- Georges de Scudéry -French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1601)

1688- Antoine Furetière -French clergyman and scholar (b. 1619)

1754- Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée -French playwright (b. 1692)

1761- Thomas Simpson -English mathematician (b. 1710)

1847- Fanny Mendelssohn -German pianist and composer (b. 1805)

1860- Ludwig Bechstein -German author (b. 1801)

1873- Gideon Brecher -Austrian physician (b. 1797)

1878- Ōkubo Toshimichi -Japanese samurai and politician (b. 1830)

1881- Mary Seacole -Jamaican-English nurse (b. 1805)

1887- Lysander Spooner -American philosopher (b. 1808)

1889- Volney Howard -American lawyer and politician (b. 1809)

1893- Ernst Kummer -German mathematician and academic (b. 1810)

1906- Carl Schurz -German-American general, journalist, and politician, 13th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1829)

1912- Frederick VIII of Denmark -(b. 1843)

1912- August Strindberg -Swedish author and playwright (b. 1849)

1918- James Gordon Bennett, Jr. -American publisher (b. 1841)

1919- Henry J. Heinz -American businessman, founded the H. J. Heinz Company (b. 1844)

1923- N. G. Chandavarkar -Indian politician (b. 1855)

1923- Charles de Freycinet -French politician, 43rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1828)

1925- H. Rider Haggard -English author (b. 1856)

1931- David Belasco -American director, producer, and playwright (b. 1853)

1931- Denys Finch Hatton -English hunter (b. 1887)

1934- Lou Criger -American baseball player (b. 1872)

1934- Baikuntha Shukla -Indian revolutionist (b. 1907)

1935- Magnus Hirschfeld -German physician and sexologist (b. 1868)

1936- Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby -English field marshal and diplomat (b. 1861)

1940- Emma Goldman -Lithuanian-American activist (b. 1869)

1940- Menno ter Braak -Dutch author (b. 1902)

1943- Henri La Fontaine -Belgian lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854)

1945- Heber J. Grant -American religious leader, 7th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)

1954- Heinz Guderian -Polish-German general (b. 1888)

1956- Joan Malleson -English physician (b. 1889)

1957- Marie Vassilieff -Russian painter (b. 1884)

1959- Sidney Bechet -American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (b. 1897)

1959- Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal -(b. 1862)

1960- Lucrezia Bori -Spanish soprano (b. 1887)

1962- Florence Auer -American actress (b. 1880)

1968- Husband E. Kimmel -American admiral (b. 1882)

1969- Enid Bennett -Australian actress (b. 1893)

1969- Frederick Lane -Australian swimmer (b. 1888)

1970- Billie Burke -American actress and singer (b. 1884)

1973- Jean Gebser -German linguist, philosopher, and poet (b. 1905)

1976- Keith Relf -English singer-songwriter, harmonica player, and producer (The Yardbirds and Armageddon (A&M band)|Armageddon) (b. 1943)

1979- Jean Rhys -Dominican-English author (b. 1890)

1980- Hugh Griffith -Welsh-English actor (b. 1912)

1982- Hugh Beaumont -American actor and director (b. 1909)

1983- Roger J. Traynor -American jurist, 23rd Chief Justice of California (b. 1900)

1983- Miguel Alemán Valdés -Mexican politician, 46th President of Mexico (b. 1900)

1984- Walter Rauff -German SS officer (b. 1906)

1985- Barbara Yung -Hong Kong-English actress (b. 1959)

1986- Janne Aikala -Finnish murder victim (b. 1975)

1987- Rita Hayworth -American actress and dancer (b. 1918)

1987- Vitomil Zupan -Slovenian poet and playwright (b. 1914)

1988- Willem Drees -Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1886)

1989- Mary Lalopoulou -Greek actress (b. 1926)

1991- Jiang Qing -Chinese actress, 1st First Lady of China (b. 1914)

1992- Lyle Alzado -American football player and sportscaster (b. 1949)

1992- Nie Rongzhen -Chinese general and politician, Mayor of Beijing (b. 1899)

1993- Patrick Haemers -Belgian criminal (b. 1953)

1993- William Randolph Hearst, Jr. -American journalist (b. 1908)

1994- W. Graham Claytor, Jr. -American businessman, lieutenant, and politician, 15th United States Secretary of the Navy (b. 1914)

1995- Christian B. Anfinsen -American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)

1997- Harry Blackstone, Jr. -American magician and author (b. 1934)

1997- Boris Parsadanian -Armenian-Estonian composer (b. 1925)

1998- Marjory Stoneman Douglas -American journalist and environmentalist (b. 1890)

1998- Frank Sinatra -American singer and actor (b. 1915)

2000- Keizō Obuchi -Japanese politician, 84th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1937)

2001- Gil Langley -Australian cricketer, footballer, and politician (b. 1919)

2003- Dave DeBusschere -American basketball player and coach (b. 1940)

2003- Wendy Hiller -English-American actress (b. 1912)

2003- Robert Stack -American actor (b. 1919)

2004- Anna Lee -English actress (b. 1913)

2006- Lew Anderson -American actor and saxophonist (b. 1922)

2006- Stanley Kunitz -American poet (b. 1905)

2006- Eva Norvind -Mexican actress, director, and producer (b. 1944)

2007- Mary Scheier -American sculptor (b. 1908)

2007- Ülo Jõgi -Estonian historian and author (b. 1921)

2008- Will Elder -American illustrator (b. 1921)

2010- Norman Hand -American football player (b. 1972)

2010- Goh Keng Swee -Singaporean politician, 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore (b. 1918)

2012- Mitchell Guist -American hunter (b. 1964)

2012- Ernst Hinterberger -Austrian author and screenwriter (b. 1931)

2012- Taruni Sachdev -Indian actress (b. 1998)

2012- Mario Trejo -Argentinian poet, playwright, and journalist (b. 1926)

2012- Belita Woods -American singer (Brainstorm (US band)|Brainstorm and Parliament-Funkadelic) (b. 1948)

2013- Joy Baluch -Australian politician (b. 1932)

2013- Wayne Brown (politician)|Wayne Brown -American accountant and politician, 14th Mayor of Mesa, Arizona|Mayor of Mesa (b. 1936)

2013- Arsen Chilingaryan -Armenian footballer and manager (b. 1962)

2013- Asghar Ali Engineer -Indian author and activist (b. 1939)

2013- Billie Sol Estes -American businessman (b. 1925)

2013- Ray Guy (humorist)|Ray Guy -Canadian journalist (b. 1939)

2014- Jeffrey Kruger -English-American businessman (b. 1931)

2014- Morvin Simon -New Zealand historian, composer, and conductor (b. 1944)

2014- Stephen Sutton -English activist and blogger (b. 1994)