This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

1373- Julian of Norwich -has Visions of Jesus and Mary|visions which are later transcribed in her ''Revelations of Divine Love''.

1515- Mary Tudor, Queen of France -and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk are officially married at Greenwich.

1568- Battle of Langside -the forces of Mary, Queen of Scots, are defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her Sibling#half|half-brother.

1619- Netherlands|Dutch -Politician|statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after being convicted of treason.

1648-Construction of the Red Fort -at Delhi is completed.

1779- War of Bavarian Succession -Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives the part of its territory that was taken from it (the Innviertel).

1780-The Cumberland Compact -is signed by leaders of the settlers in early Tennessee.

1787- Captain (Royal Navy)|Captain -Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth, England, with eleven ships full of convicts (the "First Fleet") to establish a penal colony in Australia.

1804-Forces sent by Yusuf Karamanli -of Tripoli to Battle of Derne|retake Derna from the United States|Americans attack the city.

1830- Ecuador -gains its independence from Gran Colombia.

1846- Mexican–American War -The United States declares war on Mexico.

1848-First performance of Finland's Maamme|national anthem -

1861- American Civil War -Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a "proclamation of Neutrality (international relations)|neutrality" which recognizes the Confederate States of America|breakaway states as having belligerent rights.

1861-The Great Comet of 1861 -is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.

1861- Pakistan Railways|Pakistan's -(then a part of British India) History of rail transport in Pakistan|first railway line opens, from Karachi to Kotri.

1862-The {{USS|Planter|1862|6}}, a steamer and gunship, steals through Confederate lines and is passed to the Union, by a southern slave, Robert Smalls -who later was officially appointed as captain, becoming the first black man to command a United States ship.

1880-In Menlo Park, New Jersey -Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway.

1888-With the passage of the '' Lei Áurea -' ("Golden Law"), Brazil abolishes slavery.

1909-The first Giro d'Italia -starts from Milan. Italian cycling|cyclist Luigi Ganna will be the winner.

1912-The Royal Flying Corps -the forerunner of the Royal Air Force, is established in the United Kingdom.

1917-Three children report the first apparition of Our Lady of Fátima -in Fátima, Portugal.

1923- Robert Bellarmine -a Doctor of the Church|Doctor of the Catholic Church, is beatified.

1939-The first commercial Frequency Modulation|FM -radio station in the United States is launched in Bloomfield, Connecticut. The station later becomes WDRC-FM.

1940- World War II -Nazi Germany|Germany's conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse (river)|Meuse. Winston Churchill makes his "blood, toil, tears, and sweat" speech to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom|House of Commons.

1940-Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands -flees her country to Great Britain after the Nazism|German invasion. Princess Juliana of the Netherlands|Princess Juliana takes her children to Canada for their safety.

1941-World War II: Kingdom of Yugoslavia|Yugoslav -royal colonel Dragoljub Mihailović starts fighting with German occupation troops, beginning the Serbian resistance.

1943-World War II: German Afrika Korps -and Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)#Fascism (1922–1943)|Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allies of World War II|Allied forces.

1948- 1948 Arab-Israeli War -the Kfar Etzion massacre is committed by Arab irregulars, the day before Israeli Declaration of Independence|the declaration of independence of the state of Israel on May 14.

1950-The first round of the Formula One -World Championship is held at Silverstone Circuit|Silverstone.

1951-The 400th anniversary of the founding of the National University of San Marcos -is commemorated by the opening of the Estadio Universidad San Marcos|first large-capacity stadium in Peru.

1952-The Rajya Sabha -the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting.

1954-The 1954 National Service Riots|anti-National Service Riots -by Chinese people|Chinese Middle School students in Singapore, take place.

1954-The original Broadway theatre|Broadway -production of The Pajama Game opens and runs for another 1,063 performances. Later received three Tony award|Tony Awards for Tony Award for Best Musical|Best Musical, Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical, and Tony Award for Best Choreography|Best Choreography.

1958-During a visit to Caracas -Venezuela, Vice President of the United States|Vice President Richard Nixon's car is attacked by Anti-Americanism|anti-American demonstrators.

1958-The trademark -''Velcro'' is registered.

1958- May 1958 crisis -a group of French military officers lead a coup in Algiers demanding that a government of national unity be formed with Charles de Gaulle at its head in order to defend Algerie francaise|French control of Algeria.

1958- Ben Carlin -becomes the first (and only) person to Circumnavigation|circumnavigate the world by amphibious vehicle, having travelled over {{convert|17,000|km|mi}} by sea and {{convert|62,000|km|mi}} by land during a ten-year journey.

1960-Hundreds of University of California, Berkeley -students congregate for the first day of protest against a visit by the House Un-American Activities Committee|House Committee on Un-American Activities. Thirty-one students are arrested, and the Free Speech Movement is born.

1963-The U.S. Supreme Court case Brady v. Maryland -is decided.

1967- Zakir Hussain (politician)|Dr. Zakir Hussain -becomes the third President of India. He is the first Muslim President of India|President of the Indian Union. He holds this position until August 24, 1969.

1969- Race riot -, later known as the May 13 Incident, take place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

1972-Faulty electrical wiring -ignites a fire underneath the Sennichi Department Store Building fire|Playtown Cabaret in Osaka, Japan. Blocked exits and non-functional elevators lead to 118 fatalities, with many victims leaping to their deaths.

1972- The Troubles -a car bombing outside a crowded pub in Belfast sparks Battle at Springmartin|a two-day gun battle involving the Provisional IRA, Ulster Volunteer Force and British Army. Seven people are killed and over 66 injured.

1980-An Fujita Scale|F3 tornado -Kalamazoo Tornado of 1980|hits Kalamazoo County, Michigan. President Jimmy Carter declares it a federal disaster area.

1981- Mehmet Ali Ağca -Pope John Paul II assassination attempt|attempts to assassinate Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square in Rome. The Pope is rushed to the Agostino Gemelli University Polyclinic to undergo emergency surgery and survives.

1985-Police release a bomb on MOVE -headquarters in Philadelphia to end a impasse|stand-off, killing 11 MOVE members and destroying the homes of 250 city residents.

1989-Large groups of students Tiananmen Square protests of 1989|occupy -Tiananmen Square and begin a hunger strike.

1992- Li Hongzhi -gives the first public lecture on Falun Gong in Changchun, People's Republic of China.

1994- Johnny Carson -makes his last television appearance on Late Show with David Letterman.

1995- Alison Hargreaves -a 33-year-old British mother, became the first woman to conquer Everest without oxygen or the help of sherpas.

1996-Severe thunderstorm -and a tornado in Bangladesh kill 600 people.

1998- Jakarta riots of May 1998|Race riots -break out in Jakarta, Indonesia, where shops owned by Indonesians of Chinese Indonesian|Chinese descent are looted and women raped.

1998-India carries out two nuclear testing|nuclear tests -at Pokhran, following the three conducted on May 11. The United States and Japan impose economic sanctions on India.

2000-In Enschede -the Netherlands, a Enschede fireworks disaster|fireworks factory explodes, killing 22 people, wounding 950, and resulting in approximately €450 million in damage.

2005-The May 2005 unrest in Uzbekistan|Andijan Massacre -occurs in Uzbekistan.

2005- The Bính Bridge -opens to traffic in Hai Phong, Vietnam.

2006- 2006 São Paulo violence -a major rebellion occurs in several prisons in Brazil.

2008-The Jaipur bombings -in Rajasthan, India results in dozens of deaths.

2011- 2011 Charsadda bombing|2 bombs explode -in the Charsadda District, Pakistan|Charsadda District of Pakistan killing 98 people and wounding 140 others.

2014-An Soma mine disaster|explosion -at an underground coal mine in south-western Turkey kills 301 miners.

2014- 2014 Southeast Europe floods|Major floods -in Southeast Europe kill at least 47 people.

Famous Birthdays

1024- Hugh of Cluny -French saint (d. 1109)

1254- Marie of Brabant, Queen of France -(d. 1321)

1588- Ole Worm -Danish physician (d. 1654)

1638- Richard Simon (priest)|Richard Simon -French priest (d. 1712)

1655- Pope Innocent XIII -(d. 1724)

1699- Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal -Portuguese politician, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1782)

1712- Count Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff -Danish politician (d. 1772)

1713- Alexis Clairaut -French mathematician, astronomer, and geophysicist (d. 1765)

1717- Maria Theresa -Austrian wife of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1780)

1730- Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham -English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1782)

1735- Horace Coignet -French violinist and composer (d. 1821)

1742- Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen -(d. 1798)

1753- Lazare Carnot -French general, mathematician, and politician (d. 1823)

1759- Elizabeth Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire -(d. 1824)

1792- Pope Pius IX -(d. 1878)

1794- Louis Léopold Robert -French painter (d. 1835)

1795- Gérard Paul Deshayes -French geologist and chronologist (d. 1875)

1822- Francis, Duke of Cádiz -(d. 1902)

1830- Zebulon Baird Vance -American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 37th Governor of North Carolina (d. 1894)

1832- Juris Alunāns -Latvian philologist (d. 1864)

1840- Alphonse Daudet -French author (d. 1897)

1842- Arthur Sullivan -English composer (d. 1900)

1856- Tom O'Rourke (boxing manager)|Tom O'Rourke -American boxer and manager (d. 1938)

1857- Ronald Ross -Indian-English physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)

1868- Sumner Paine -American target shooter (d. 1904)

1881- Lima Barreto -Brazilian journalist and author (d. 1922)

1881- Joseph Forshaw (athlete)|Joe Forshaw -American runner (d. 1964)

1882- Georges Braque -French painter and sculptor (d. 1963)

1883- Georgios Papanikolaou -Greek-American pathologist, invented the pap smear (d. 1962)

1885- Mikiel Gonzi -Maltese archbishop (d. 1984)

1894- Ásgeir Ásgeirsson -Icelandic politician, 2nd President of Iceland (d. 1972)

1895- Nandor Fodor -Hungarian-American psychologist, parapsychologist, and author (d. 1964)

1898- Justin Tuveri -Italian-French soldier (d. 2007)

1901- Murilo Mendes -Brazilian poet (d. 1975)

1904- Louis Duffus -Australian-South African cricketer and journalist (d. 1984)

1905- Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed -Indian lawyer and politician, 5th President of India (d. 1977)

1907- Daphne du Maurier -English author and playwright (d. 1989)

1908- Eugen Kapp -Estonian composer and educator (d. 1996)

1909- Ken Darby -American composer and conductor (d. 1992)

1911- Robert Middleton -American actor (d. 1977)

1911- Maxine Sullivan -American singer and actress (d. 1987)

1912- Gil Evans -Canadian-American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1988)

1912- Judah Nadich -American rabbi (d. 2007)

1913- William R. Tolbert, Jr. -Liberian politician, 20th President of Liberia (d. 1980)

1914- Joe Louis -American boxer (d. 1981)

1914- Johnnie Wright -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Johnnie & Jack) (d. 2011)

1918- Balasaraswati -Indian dancer (d. 1984)

1920- Gareth Morris -English flute player (d. 2007)

1922- Michael Ainsworth -English cricketer (d. 1978)

1922- Otl Aicher -German graphic designer and typographer (d. 1991)

1922- Bea Arthur -American actress and singer (d. 2009)

1923- Red Garland -American pianist (Miles Davis Quintet) (d.1984)

1924- Theodore Mann -American director and producer (d. 2012)

1924- Harry Schwarz -German-South African lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 13th South African Ambassador to the United States (d. 2010)

1924- Conrad Swan -Canadian academic

1927- Archie Scott Brown -Scottish race car driver (d. 1958)

1927- Herbert Ross -American actor, director, and producer (d. 2001)

1928- Enrique Bolaños -Nicaraguan politician, President of Nicaragua

1928- Édouard Molinaro -French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)

1928- Theo Saat -Dutch sprinter

1928- Jim Shoulders -American rodeo rider (d. 2007)

1928- Augie and Margo Rodriguez|Augie Rodriguez -American dancer (d. 2014)

1930- Mike Gravel -American lieutenant and politician

1930- José Jiménez Lozano -Spanish journalist and author

1930- Vernon Shaw -Dominican politician, 5th List of Presidents of Dominica|President of Dominica

1931- Jim Jones -American cult leader, founder of the Peoples Temple (d. 1978)

1931- Sydney Lipworth -South African businessman

1933- John Roseboro -American baseball player and coach (d. 2002)

1934- Ehud Netzer -Israeli archaeologist (d. 2010)

1934- Leon Wagner -American baseball player and actor (d. 2004)

1935- Dominic Cossa -American opera singer

1935- Teddy Randazzo -American singer-songwriter and accordion player (The Three Chuckles) (d. 2003)

1935- Jan Saudek -Czech art photographer and painter

1936- Bill Rompkey -Canadian educator and politician

1937- Trevor Baylis -English inventor, invented the wind-up radio

1937- Roch Carrier -Canadian author

1937- John Cope, Baron Cope of Berkeley -English politician

1937- Zohra Lampert -American actress

1937- Roger Zelazny -American author and poet (d. 1995)

1938- Giuliano Amato -Italian politician, 48th Prime Minister of Italy

1938- Laurent Beaudoin -Canadian businessman

1938- Milton Johns -English actor

1938- Francine Pascal -American author

1939- Hildrun Claus -German long jumper

1939- Peter Frenkel -German race walker

1939- Harvey Keitel -American actor and producer

1940- Bruce Chatwin -English author (d. 1989)

1940- Kōkichi Tsuburaya -Japanese runner (d. 1968)

1941- Senta Berger -Austrian actress, producer, and author

1941- Joe Brown (singer)|Joe Brown -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and game show host

1941- Jody Conradt -American basketball player and coach

1941- Ritchie Valens -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1959)

1942- Leighton Gage -American author (d. 2013)

1942- Roger Young (director)|Roger Young -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1943- Anthony Clarke, Baron Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony -English lawyer and judge

1943- Kurt Trampedach -Danish painter and sculptor

1943- Mary Wells -American singer-songwriter (d. 1992)

1944- Sir Crispin Agnew, 11th Baronet -Scottish judge and explorer

1944- Carolyn Franklin -American singer-songwriter (d. 1988)

1944- Armistead Maupin -American author, screenwriter, and actor

1945- Sam Anderson -American actor

1945- Lasse Berghagen -Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1945- Magic Dick -American harmonica player (The J. Geils Band)

1945- Lou Marini -American saxophonist and composer (The Blues Brothers)

1946- Waneta Hoyt -American murderer (d. 1998)

1946- Tim Pigott-Smith -English actor

1946- Jean Rondeau -French race car driver and constructor (d. 1985)

1946- Marv Wolfman -American author

1947- Edgar Burcksen -Dutch-American film editor

1948- Sheila Jeffreys -Australian political scientist

1948- Dean Meminger -American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)

1949- Jane Glover -English conductor and scholar

1949- Zoë Wanamaker -American-English actress

1950- Danny Kirwan -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)

1950- Manning Marable -American author and academic (d. 2011)

1950- Bobby Valentine -American baseball player and manager

1950- Stevie Wonder -American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer

1951- Rosie Boycott -English journalist

1951- Sharon Sayles Belton -American politician, 45th Mayor of Minneapolis

1951- Anand Modak -Indian composer (d. 2014)

1951- Herman Philipse -Dutch philosopher and academic

1951- Selina Scott -English journalist, producer, and author

1951- Paul Thompson (musician)|Paul Thompson -English drummer (Roxy Music, Concrete Blonde, and Angelic Upstarts)

1951- James Whale (radio)|James Whale -English radio and television host

1952- John Kasich -American talk show host and politician, 69th Governor of Ohio

1952- Mary Walsh (actress)|Mary Walsh -Canadian actress

1953- Gerry Sutcliffe -English politician

1953- David Voelker -American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2013)

1953- Harm Wiersma -Dutch draughts player

1954- Johnny Logan (singer)|Johnny Logan -Australian-Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist

1956- Steve Blackwood -American actor

1956- Richard Madeley -English journalist

1957- Alan Ball (screenwriter)|Alan Ball -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1957- David Hill (choral director)|David Hill -English organist and conductor

1957- Andrea Klump -German terrorist

1957- Mar Roxas -Filipino economist and politician

1957- Koji Suzuki -Japanese author

1958- Frances Barber -English actress

1959- Jerry Butler (pornographic actor)|Jerry Butler -American porn actor

1961- Dennis Rodman -American basketball player, wrestler, and actor

1962- Paul Burstow -English politician

1962- Nick Hurd -English politician

1962- Kathleen Jamie -Scottish poet and academic

1962- Paul McDermott -Australian comedian, actor, and singer (Doug Anthony All Stars)

1962- Sean McDonough -American sportscaster

1962- Eduardo Palomo -Mexican actor (d. 2003)

1963- Andrea Leadsom -English politician

1963- Wally Masur -Australian tennis player, coach, and sportscaster

1964- Stephen Colbert -American comedian, actor, and talk show host

1964- Ronnie Coleman -American bodybuilder

1964- Chris Maitland -English drummer (Porcupine Tree and Nosound)

1964- Tom Verica -American actor and director

1965- José Antonio Delgado -Venezuelan mountaineer (d. 2006)

1965- Tasmin Little -English violinist

1965- János Marozsán -Hungarian footballer

1965- Hikari Ōta -Japanese comedian and actor

1965- Lari White -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1966- Alison Goldfrapp -English singer-songwriter and producer (Goldfrapp)

1966- Darius Rucker -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Hootie & the Blowfish)

1966- Kamen Vodenicharov -Bulgarian actor and singer

1967- Chuck Schuldiner -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Death (metal band)|Death, Control Denied, Slaughter (Canadian band)|Slaughter, and Voodoocult) (d. 2001)

1967- Melanie Thornton -American-German singer (La Bouche) (d. 2001)

1968- PMD (rapper)|PMD -American rapper (EPMD)

1968- Miguel Ángel Blanco -Spanish politician (d. 1997)

1968- Susan Floyd -American actress

1968- Dmitriy Shevchenko (athlete)|Dmitriy Shevchenko -Russian discus thrower

1968- Sonja Zietlow -German television host

1969- Buckethead -American guitarist and songwriter (Guns N' Roses, Colonel Claypool's Bucket of Bernie Brains, Praxis (band)|Praxis, and Deli Creeps)

1969- Nikos Aliagas -French-Greek journalist and television host

1970- Doug Evans (American football)|Doug Evans -American football player

1970- Robert Maćkowiak -Polish sprinter

1971- Imogen Boorman -English actress and martial artist

1971- Rob Fredrickson -American football player

1971- Espen Lind -Norwegian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Espionage (production team)|Espionage)

1971- Fana Mokoena -South African actor

1971- Tom Nalen -American football player

1972- Stefaan Maene -Belgian swimmer

1972- Darryl Sydor -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1972- Pieta van Dishoeck -Dutch rower

1973- Eric Lewis (pianist)|Eric Lewis -American pianist

1973- Bridgett Riley -American boxer and stuntwoman

1975- Jamie Allison -Canadian ice hockey player

1975- Cristian Bezzi -Italian rugby player and coach

1975- Itatí Cantoral -Mexican actress and singer

1975- Brian Geraghty -American actor

1975- Evelin Samuel -Estonian singer and actress

1976- Mark Delaney (footballer)|Mark Delaney -Welsh footballer and manager

1976- Trajan Langdon -American basketball player

1976- Ana Popović -Serbian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1976- Magdalena Walach -Polish actress

1977- Ilse DeLange -Dutch singer-songwriter (The Common Linnets)

1977- Anthony Q. Farrell -Canadian-American actor and screenwriter

1977- Robby Hammock -American baseball player and coach

1977- Neil Hopkins -American actor

1977- Samantha Morton -English actress and director

1977- Christopher Ralph -Canadian actor

1977- Brian Thomas Smith -American actor and producer

1977- Aleksei Terentjev -Estonian ice hockey player

1978- Brooke Anderson -American journalist

1978- Mike Bibby -American basketball player

1978- Ryan Bukvich -American baseball player

1978- Germán Magariños -Argentinian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1978- Dilshan Vitharana -Sri Lankan cricketer

1978- Barry Zito -American baseball player

1979- Mickey Madden -American bass player (Maroon 5 and Kara's Flowers)

1979- Steve Mildenhall -English footballer

1979- Lauren Phoenix -Canadian porn actress

1979- Vyacheslav Shevchuk -Ukrainian footballer

1979- Jenny Winkler -German actress

1980- Waka Inoue -Japanese model and actress

1980- Mau Marcelo -Filipino singer

1980- L. J. Smith -American football player

1981- Luciana Berger -English politician

1981- Nicolas Jeanjean -French rugby player

1981- Sunny Leone -Indo-Canadian and American Bollywood actress, businesswoman, model, Penthouse Pet of the Year 2003

1981- Rebecka Liljeberg -Swedish actress

1981- Shaun Phillips -American football player

1981- James Yun -American wrestler and actor

1982- Albert Crusat -Spanish footballer

1982- Yoko Kumada -Japanese model and singer

1982- Oguchi Onyewu -American soccer player

1983- Natalie Cassidy -English actress

1983- Anita Görbicz -Hungarian handball player

1983- Johnny Hoogerland -Dutch cyclist

1983- Grégory Lemarchal -French singer (d. 2007)

1983- Jacob Reynolds -American actor

1983- Yaya Touré -Ivorian footballer

1984- J. B. Cox -American baseball player

1984- Benny Dayal -Indian singer (S5 (band)|S5)

1984- Dawn Harper -American hurdler

1984- Ginger Orsi -American actress and singer

1984- Caroline Rotich -Kenyan runner

1985- Javier Balboa -Spanish-Equatoguinean footballer

1985- Jaroslav Halák -Slovak ice hockey player

1985- Iwan Rheon -Welsh actor and singer

1985- Travis Zajac -Canadian ice hockey player

1986- Lena Dunham -American actress, director, and screenwriter

1986- David Hernandez (baseball)|David Hernandez -American baseball player

1986- Eun-Hee Ji -South Korean golfer