This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

161-Emperor Antoninus Pius -dies and is succeeded by his adoptive sons Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus.

238-Roman subjects in the province of Africa (Roman province)|Africa -revolt against Maximinus Thrax and elect Gordian I as emperor.

321-Emperor Constantine I -decrees that the ''dies Sol Invictus|Solis Invicti'' (Sunday|sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.

1277- Étienne Tempier|Stephen Tempier -bishop of Paris, condemns 219 philosophical and theological theses.

1799- Napoleon I of France|Napoleon Bonaparte -Siege of Jaffa|captures Jaffa, Israel|Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.

1814-Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne -

1827- Empire of Brazil|Brazilian -Brazilian Marine Corps|marines unsuccessfully attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina.

1827- Shrigley Abduction -Ellen Turner is kidnapping|abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.

1850- United States Senate|Senator -Daniel Webster gives his "Seventh of March" speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.

1862- American Civil War -Union (American Civil War)|Union forces defeat Confederate States of America|Confederate troops at the Battle of Pea Ridge|Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.

1876- Alexander Graham Bell -is granted a patent for an invention he calls the "telephone".

1900-The Germany|German -liner {{SS|Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse}} becomes the first ship to send Wireless telegraphy|wireless signals to shore.

1902- Second Boer War -In the Battle of Tweebosch, a Boer commando led by Koos de la Rey inflicts the biggest defeat upon the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British since the beginning of the war.

1912- Roald Amundsen -announces that his expedition had reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911.

1914- Prince William of Wied -arrives in Albania to begin his reign.

1936-Prelude to World War II -In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany Remilitarization of the Rhineland|reoccupies the Rhineland.

1945-World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge -over the Rhine River at Remagen.

1950- Cold War -The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet Union|Soviet spy.

1951- Korean War -Operation Ripper

1965- Selma to Montgomery marches|Bloody Sunday -a group of 600 Civil Rights|civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama.

1968- Vietnam War -The United States and Army of the Republic of Vietnam|South Vietnamese military begin Operation Truong Cong Dinh to root out Viet Cong forces from the area surrounding Mỹ Tho.

1971- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman -delivers his 7th March Speech of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman|historic speech at Suhrawardy Udyan.

1985-The song " We Are the World -receives its international release.

1986- Space Shuttle Challenger disaster|Challenger Disaster -Divers from the {{USS|Preserver|ARS-8|6}} locate the crew cabin of STS-51-L|Challenger on the ocean floor.

1989- Iran -and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, ''The Satanic Verses''.

1994- Copyright Law -The Supreme Court of the United States|U.S. Supreme Court rules that Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.|parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.

2006-The terrorist organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba -coordinates a 2006 Varanasi bombings|series of bombings in Varanasi, India.

2007-The House of Commons of the United Kingdom|British House of Commons -votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.

2009-The Real Irish Republican Army -2009 Massereene Barracks shooting|kills two British soldiers and two civilians, the first British military deaths in Northern Ireland since the end of The Troubles.

2009-The Kepler (spacecraft)|Kepler -space observatory, designed to discover Terrestrial planet|Earth-like planets orbiting other stars, is launched.

2014-The 2014 Winter Paralympics opening ceremony|opening ceremony -for the 2014 Winter Paralympics|Winter Paralympics take place in Sochi, Russia.

Famous Birthdays

189- Publius Septimius Geta -Roman emperor (d. 211)

1481- Baldassare Peruzzi -Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)

1556- Guillaume du Vair -French lawyer and author (d. 1621)

1663- Tomaso Antonio Vitali -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1745)

1671- Rob Roy MacGregor -Scottish outlaw (d. 1734)

1678- Filippo Juvarra -Italian architect, designed the Basilica of Superga (d. 1736)

1687- Jean Lebeuf -French historian (d. 1760)

1693- Pope Clement XIII -(d. 1769)

1715- Ewald Christian von Kleist -German poet (d. 1759)

1715- Ephraim Williams -American soldier (d. 1755)

1730- Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil -French politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1807)

1765- Nicéphore Niépce -French inventor, invented photography (d. 1833)

1785- Alessandro Manzoni -Italian author and poet (d. 1873)

1788- Antoine César Becquerel -French physicist (d. 1878)

1792- John Herschel -English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)

1811- Increase A. Lapham -American scientist and author (d. 1875)

1837- Henry Draper -American physician and astronomer (d. 1882)

1841- William Rockhill Nelson -American businessman and publisher, founded ''The Kansas City Star'' (d. 1915)

1849- Luther Burbank -American botanist (d. 1926)

1850- Champ Clark -American politician, 41st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1921)

1850- Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk -Austrian-Czech sociologist and politician, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1937)

1857- Julius Wagner-Jauregg -Austrian physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)

1866- Hans Fruhstorfer -German entomologist and explorer (d. 1922)

1872- Piet Mondrian -Dutch painter (d. 1944)

1873- Madame Sul-Te-Wan -American actress (d. 1959)

1875- Albert Jean Louis Ayat -French fencer (d. 1935)

1875- Maurice Ravel -French composer (d. 1937)

1876- Frederick Freake -English polo player (d. 1950)

1878- Boris Kustodiev -Russian painter (d. 1927)

1879- Jules De Bisschop -Belgian rower (d. 1955)

1885- Milton Avery -American painter (d. 1965)

1885- John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey -English admiral (d. 1971)

1886- Virginia Pearson -American actress (d. 1958)

1887- Heino Eller -Estonian composer and educator (d. 1970)

1888- William L. Laurence -Lithuanian-American journalist (d. 1977)

1888- Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer -Dutch lawyer and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1978)

1900- Evald Aav -Estonian composer (d. 1939)

1902- Heinz Rühmann -German actor (d. 1994)

1904- Ivar Ballangrud -Norwegian speed skater (d. 1969)

1904- Reinhard Heydrich -German SS officer (d. 1942)

1906- Elmar Lipping -Estonian soldier and politician, Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs in exile (d. 1994)

1908- Anna Magnani -Italian actress (d. 1973)

1908- Inge Viermetz -German official and defendant at the Nuremberg Trials (date of death unknown)

1909- Léo Malet -French author (d. 1996)

1911- Sachchidananda Vatsyayan -Indian journalist and author (d. 1987)

1912- Eerik Kumari -Estonian ornithologist (d. 1984)

1913- Dollard Ménard -Canadian general (d. 1997)

1914- John Rodney -American actor (d. 1996)

1914- Lee Young -American drummer and singer (d. 2008)

1915- Jacques Chaban-Delmas -French politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2000)

1917- Janet Collins -American ballerina and choreographer (d. 2003)

1917- Betty Holberton -American engineer and programmer (d. 2001)

1920- Eddy Paape -Belgian illustrator (d. 2012)

1921- Peter Oliver, Baron Oliver of Aylmerton|Peter Oliver -British judge (d. 2007)

1922- Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya -Russian mathematician (d. 2004)

1922- Mochtar Lubis -Indonesian author and journalist (d. 2004)

1924- Bill Boedeker -American football player (d. 2014)

1925- Rene Gagnon -American soldier (d. 1979)

1926- Margaret Weston -English curator and academic

1927- James Broderick -American actor (d. 1982)

1927- Philippe Clay -French singer and actor (d. 2007)

1927- Jean-Paul Desbiens -Canadian journalist, author, and educator (d. 2006)

1927- Henri Landwirth -Belgian-American businessman and philanthropist, founded Give Kids The World Village

1928- Gilbert Rondeau -Canadian politician (d. 1994)

1929- Dan Jacobson -South African author and critic

1930- Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon -English photographer

1930- Robert Trotter -Scottish actor and photographer (d. 2013)

1933- Jackie Blanchflower -Irish footballer (d. 1998)

1933- Ed Bouchee -American baseball player (d. 2013)

1934- Douglas Cardinal -Canadian architect, designed the Telus World of Science (Edmonton)|Telus World of Science and First Nations University of Canada

1934- Nari Contractor -Indian cricketer

1934- Giorgos Katsaros -Greek saxophonist and composer

1934- Willard Scott -American journalist, actor, and author

1936- Florentino Fernández (boxer)|Florentino Fernández -Cuban boxer (d. 2013)

1936- Georges Perec -French author (d. 1982)

1936- Heinz Valk -Estonian caricaturist and politician

1938- David Baltimore -American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate

1938- Janet Guthrie -American race car driver

1939- Danyel Gérard -French singer-songwriter

1940- Rudi Dutschke -German activist (d. 1979)

1940- Daniel J. Travanti -American actor

1941- Piers Paul Read -English historian and author

1942- Michael Eisner -American businessman

1942- Tammy Faye Messner -American evangelist, talk show host, and singer (d. 2007)

1942- Jaan Manitski -Estonian businessman and politician, 16th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs

1943- Chris White (musician)|Chris White -English bass player and songwriter (The Zombies)

1944- Ranulph Fiennes -English soldier and explorer

1944- Zhiuli Shartava -Georgian politician (d. 1993)

1944- Stanley Schmidt -American author and journalist

1944- Townes Van Zandt -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)

1945- John Heard (actor)|John Heard -American actor

1945- Bob Herbert -American journalist

1945- Nicholas Kraemer -English harpsichord player and conductor

1945- Arthur Lee (musician)|Arthur Lee -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Love (band)|Love) (d. 2006)

1945- Elizabeth Moon -American author

1946- Matthew Fisher -English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (Procol Harum)

1946- Clive Gillinson -Indian-English cellist

1946- Daniel Goleman -American psychologist and author

1946- Peter Wolf -American singer-songwriter (The J. Geils Band)

1947- Helen Eadie -Scottish politician (d. 2013)

1947- Richard Lawson (actor)|Richard Lawson -American actor

1947- Walter Röhrl -German race car driver

1949- Ghulam Nabi Azad -Indian politician

1950- Iris Chacón -Puerto Rican singer and dancer

1950- Billy Joe DuPree -American football player

1950- Franco Harris -American football player

1950- J. R. Richard -American baseball player

1950- Ants Taul -Estonian bagpipe player

1951- Jeff Burroughs -American baseball player

1951- Rocco Prestia -American bass player (Tower of Power)

1952- William Boyd (writer)|William Boyd -British writer

1952- Ernie Isley -American guitarist and songwriter (The Isley Brothers and Isley-Jasper-Isley)

1952- Viv Richards -Caribbean cricketer

1952- Lynn Swann -American football player

1953- Bernard Voyer -Canadian mountaineer and explorer

1954- Eva Brunne -Swedish bishop

1955- Michael Chance -English singer

1955- Michael Jan Friedman -American author

1955- Anupam Kher -Indian actor

1955- Tommy Kramer -American football player

1956- Bryan Cranston -American actor, director, and producer

1956- Andrea Levy -English author

1957- Robert Harris (novelist)|Robert Harris -English journalist and author

1957- Tomás Yarrington -Mexican politician, Governor of Tamaulipas

1958- Alan Hale (astronomer)|Alan Hale -American astronomer

1958- Rik Mayall -English comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2014)

1958- Merv Neagle -Australian footballer (d. 2012)

1959- Tom Lehman -American golfer

1959- Donna Murphy -American actress and singer

1959- Nick Searcy -American actor

1960- Joe Carter -American baseball player

1960- Ivan Lendl -Czech tennis player

1960- Jim Spivey -American runner

1961- Mary Beth Evans -American actress

1961- Mark Kumpel -American ice hockey player

1961- David Rutley -English politician

1962- Taylor Dayne -American singer-songwriter and actress

1962- Peter Manley -English darts player

1962- Sergei Aleksandrovich Prikhodko -Russian footballer and manager

1963- Bill Brochtrup -American actor

1963- Mike Eagles -Canadian ice hockey player

1963- E. L. James -English author

1963- Maria Lindström -Swedish tennis player

1963- Mark Rowland -English runner

1964- Bret Easton Ellis -American author and screenwriter

1964- Denyce Graves -American soprano

1964- Wanda Sykes -American comedian, actress, and screenwriter

1964- Matthew Vaughan -English actor

1965- Jack Armstrong (baseball)|Jack Armstrong -American baseball player

1965- Jean-Pierre Barda -French-Swedish singer and actor (Army of Lovers)

1965- Steve Beuerlein -American football player

1965- Cameron Daddo -Australian actor

1965- Jesper Parnevik -Swedish golfer

1966- Terry Carkner -Canadian ice hockey player

1966- Ludwig Kögl -German footballer

1966- Atsushi Sakurai -Japanese singer-songwriter (Buck-Tick and Schwein)

1966- Alex Sanders (pornographic actor)|Alex Sanders -American pornographic film actor

1966- Joy Tanner -American-Canadian actress

1967- Ruthie Henshall -English actress, singer, and dancer

1967- Ai Yazawa -Japanese author and illustrator

1968- Denis Boucher -Canadian baseball player

1968- Jeff Kent -American baseball player

1968- Raju Sundaram -Indian actor and choreographer

1969- Shin Ae-ra -South Korean actress

1969- Warrel Dane -American singer-songwriter (Nevermore and Sanctuary (band)|Sanctuary)

1969- Massimo Lotti -Italian footballer

1969- Hideki Noda -Japanese race car driver

1970- Rachel Weisz -English actress

1971- Peter Sarsgaard -American actor

1971- Matthew Vaughn -English director, producer, and screenwriter

1972- Jang Dong-gun -South Korean actor and singer

1972- Maxim Roy -Canadian actress

1973- Jason Bright -Australian race car driver

1973- Sébastien Izambard -French tenor (Il Divo)

1973- Ray Parlour -English footballer

1974- Larry Bagby -American actor and singer

1974- Antonio de la Rúa -Argentinian lawyer

1974- Hugo Ferreira -Angolan-American singer-songwriter (Tantric (band)|Tantric)

1974- Jenna Fischer -American actress and director

1974- Krizz Kaliko -American rapper (K.A.B.O.S.H.)

1974- Facundo Sava -Argentinian footballer

1975- Audrey Marie Anderson -American actress

1975- Leon Dunne -Australian swimmer

1975- T. J. Thyne -American actor

1977- Paul Cattermole -English singer and actor (S Club)

1977- Gianluca Grava -Italian footballer

1977- Ronan O'Gara -Irish rugby player

1977- Mitja Zastrow -German-Dutch swimmer

1979- Rodrigo Braña -Argentinian footballer

1979- Amanda Somerville -American singer-songwriter (Aina (band)|Aina and Kiske/Somerville)

1980- Éric Godard -Canadian ice hockey player

1980- Laura Prepon -American actress

1981- Rica Peralejo -Filipino actress and singer

1982- Kate Michael -American model, Miss District of Columbia|Miss District of Columbia 2006

1982- Erika Yamakawa -Japanese model

1983- Manucho -Angolan footballer

1983- Taylor Tankersley -American baseball player

1983- Sebastián Viera -Uruguayan footballer

1984- Mathieu Flamini -French footballer

1984- Lindsay McCaul -American singer-songwriter

1984- Rachel Rice -Welsh actress and model

1985- Andre Fluellen -American football player

1985- Cameron Prosser -Australian swimmer

1986- Ben Griffin (footballer)|Ben Griffin -Australian footballer

1987- Hatem Ben Arfa -French footballer

1987- Niclas Bergfors -Swedish ice hockey player

1988- Larry Asante -American football player

1989- Gerald Anderson -Filipino-American actor and model

1990- Abigail and Brittany Hensel -American conjoined twins

1990- Choi Jong-hoon -South Korean singer-songwriter and guitarist (F.T. Island)

1990- Lefteris Matsoukas -Greek footballer

1991- Michele Rigione -Italian footballer

1992- Bel Powley -English actress

1993- Denisa Allertová -Czech tennis player

1993- Robbie Thomson -Scottish footballer

1994- An-Sophie Mestach -Belgian tennis player

History of Deaths

161- Antoninus Pius -Roman emperor (b. 86)

308- Saint Eubulus -Israeli martyr

413- Heraclianus -Roman politician

1226- William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury -English commander (b. 1176)

1274- Thomas Aquinas|Saint Thomas Aquinas -Italian priest and philosopher (b. 1225)

1578- Margaret Douglas -English daughter of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus (b. 1515)

1625- Johann Bayer -German lawyer and cartographer (b. 1572)

1724- Pope Innocent XIII -(b. 1655)

1767- Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville -Canadian politician (b. 1680)

1778- Charles De Geer -Swedish entomologist (b. 1720)

1810- Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood -English admiral (b. 1750)

1904- Ferdinand André Fouqué -French geologist and petrologist (b. 1828)

1909- Friedrich Amelung -German historian and businessman (b. 1842)

1913- Pauline Johnson -Canadian poet (b. 1861)

1920- Jaan Poska -Estonian lawyer, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)

1928- Robert Abbe -American surgeon (b. 1851)

1932- Aristide Briand -French politician, Prime Minister of France, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)

1934- Ernst Enno -Estonian poet and author (b. 1875)

1938- Henry Jameson -American soccer player (b. 1883)

1938- Andreas Michalakopoulos -Greek politician, 116th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)

1942- Lucy Parsons -American activist (b. 1853)

1943- Alma Moodie -Australian violinist (b. 1898)

1946- Hendrik Adamson -Estonian poet (b. 1891)

1949- Francis Dodd (artist)|Francis Dodd -Welsh painter (b. 1874)

1949- Bradbury Robinson -American football player, physician, and politician (b. 1884)

1952- Paramahansa Yogananda -Indian guru (b. 1893)

1954- Otto Diels -German chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)

1957- Wyndham Lewis -English author and painter (b. 1882)

1961- Govind Ballabh Pant -Indian politician, 2nd List of Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh|Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (b. 1887)

1965- Louise Mountbatten -German-Swedish wife of Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (b. 1889)

1967- Alice B. Toklas -American-French author (b. 1877)

1969- Sampurnanand -Indian politician, 2nd List of Governors of Rajasthan|Governor of Rajasthan (b. 1891)

1971- Harold McNair -Jamaican-English saxophonist and flute player (b. 1931)

1974- Alberto Rabagliati -Italian singer and actor (Lecuona Cuban Boys) (b. 1906)

1975- Mikhail Bakhtin -Russian philosopher (b. 1895)

1975- Ben Blue -Canadian-American actor (b. 1901)

1976- Wright Patman -American politician (b. 1893)

1978- Steve Bilko -American baseball player (b. 1928)

1981- Kirill Kondrashin -Russian conductor (b. 1914)

1983- Igor Markevitch -Ukrainian conductor and composer (b. 1912)

1984- Paul Rotha -English historian and director (b. 1907)

1986- Jacob K. Javits -American politician, 58th New York State Attorney General (b. 1904)

1987- Karl Leichter -Estonian musicologist (b. 1902)

1988- Divine (performer)|Divine -American drag queen performer (b. 1945)

1988- Robert Livingston (actor)|Robert Livingston -American actor (b. 1904)

1991- Cool Papa Bell -American baseball player (b. 1903)

1995- Paul-Émile Victor -French ethnologist and explorer (b. 1907)

1997- Emanuel Bronner -German-American businessman (b. 1908)

1997- Edward Mills Purcell -American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)

1999- Sidney Gottlieb -American chemist (b. 1918)

1999- Stanley Kubrick -American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)

2000- Charles Gray (actor)|Charles Gray -English actor (b. 1928)

2000- Pee Wee King -American singer-songwriter (b. 1914)

2001- Frankie Carle -American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)

2004- Paul Winfield -American actor (b. 1941)

2005- John Box -English production designer (b. 1920)

2005- Debra Hill -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1950)

2006- John Junkin -English actor and screenwriter (b. 1930)

2006- Gordon Parks -American photographer, director, and composer (b. 1912)

2006- Ali Farka Touré -Malian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1939)

2009- Jang Ja-yeon -South Korean actress (b. 1982)

2010- Mary Josephine Ray -Canadian-American super-centenarian (b. 1895)

2012- Ravi (music director)|Ravi -Indian director and composer (b. 1926)

2012- Cris Alexander -American actor, singer, dancer, and photographer (b. 1920)

2012- Gary DeCramer -American educator and politician (b. 1944)

2012- Félicien Marceau -French author and playwright (b. 1913)

2012- Big Walter Price -American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1914)

2012- Włodzimierz Smolarek -Polish footballer and manager (b. 1957)

2012- Pierre Tornade -French actor (b. 1930)

2012- Aníbal Villacís -Ecuadoran painter (b. 1927)

2013- Kenny Ball -English trumpet player (b. 1930)

2013- Peter Banks -English guitarist and songwriter (Yes (band)|Yes, The Syn, and Flash (band)|Flash) (b. 1947)

2013- Sybil Christopher -Welsh-American actress and director (b. 1929)

2013- Damiano Damiani -Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1922)

2013- Frederick B. Karl -American politician (b. 1924)

2013- Claude King -American singer-songwriter (b. 1923)

2013- Willy Switkes -English actor and singer (b. 1927)

2013- Willy Switkes -American actor (b. 1929)

2013- Jan Zwartkruis -Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1926)

2014- Hal Douglas -American voice actor (b. 1924)

2014- Thomas Hinde (novelist)|Thomas Hinde -English author (b. 1926)

2014- Anatoly Borisovich Kuznetsov -Russian actor and director (b. 1930)

2014- Tamás Nádas -Hungarian pilot (b. 1969)

2014- Ned O'Gorman -American poet and educator (b. 1929)

2014- Victor Shem-Tov -Israeli politician, 8th Ministry of Health (Israel)|Israeli Minister of Health (b. 1915)