Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
502-King Gundobad -issues a new legal code (''Lex Burgundionum'') at Lyon that makes Gallo-Roman culture|Gallo-Romans and Burgundians subject to the same laws.
1430-The Ottoman Empire -under Murad II captures the Byzantine Empire|Byzantine city of Thessalonica.
1461- Wars of the Roses -Battle of Towton
1500- Cesare Borgia -is given the title of Captain General of the Church|Captain General and Gonfalonier of the Church|Gonfalonier by his father Rodrigo Borgia after returning from his conquests in the Romagna.
1549-The city of Salvador da Bahia -the first capital of Brazil, is founded.
1632- Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1632)|Treaty of Saint-Germain -is signed returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
1638-Swedish colonists establish the first European settlement in Delaware -naming it New Sweden.
1683- Yaoya Oshichi -15-year-old Japanese girl, burnt at the stake for an act of arson committed due to unrequited love.
1792-King Gustav III of Sweden -dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Swedish Opera|Royal Opera 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden|Gustav IV Adolf.
1806-Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road -becoming the first United States federal Highway#United States|highway.
1809-King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden -abdication|abdicates after a ''coup d'état''. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's Riksdag of the Estates|four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Lands of Sweden|Sweden.
1831- Great Bosnian uprising -Bošnjani|Bosniaks rebel against Turkey.
1847- Mexican–American War -United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz (city)|Veracruz after a Siege of Veracruz|siege.
1849-The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab region|Punjab -
1857- Sepoy -Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry mutinies against the East India Company's Company rule in India|rule in India and inspires the protracted Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
1865- American Civil War -Federal forces under Major General Philip Sheridan move to flank Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins.
1867- Victoria of the United Kingdom|Queen Victoria -gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
1871-The Royal Albert Hall -is opened by Queen Victoria.
1879- Anglo-Zulu War -Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
1882-The Knights of Columbus -are established.
1886-Dr. John Pemberton -brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta, Georgia.
1911-The M1911 -.45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm.
1930- Heinrich Brüning -is appointed German Chancellor of Germany (German Reich)|Reichskanzler.
1936-In Germany, Adolf Hitler -receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal remilitarization of the Rhineland|reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.
1941-The North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement -goes into effect at 03:00 local time.
1941- World War II -Armed Forces of the United Kingdom|British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeat those of the Italian ''Regia Marina'' off the Peloponnesus|Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
1942-The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II -is the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
1945-World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb -attacks on England.
1945-World War II: The German 4th Army (Wehrmacht)|4th Army -is Heiligenbeil Pocket|almost destroyed by the Soviet Red Army.
1946- Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México -one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded.
1947- Malagasy Uprising -against French colonial rule in Madagascar.
1951- Ethel and Julius Rosenberg -are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
1957-The New York, Ontario and Western Railway -makes its final run, the first major U.S. railroad to be abandoned in its entirety.
1961-The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution -is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.
1962- Arturo Frondizi -the president of Argentina, is overthrown in a military coup by Argentina's armed forces, ending an 11½ day constitutional crisis.
1971- My Lai massacre -Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
1971-A Los Angeles, California -jury recommends the Capital punishment|death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
1973- Vietnam War -The last United States combat soldiers leave South Vietnam.
1973- Operation Barrel Roll -a covert US bombing campaign in Laos to stop PAVN|communist infiltration of South Vietnam, ends.
1974- NASA -s Mariner 10 becomes the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury (planet)|Mercury.
1974-Local farmers in Lintong District -Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China, discover the Terracotta Army that was buried with Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, in the third century BCE.
1982-The Canada Act 1982 (U.K.) -receives the Royal Assent from Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom|Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Monarchy of Canada|Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982.
1984-The Indianapolis Colts|Baltimore Colts -load its possessions onto fifteen Mayflower Transit|Mayflower moving trucks in the early morning hours and transfer its operations to Indianapolis.
1990-The Czechoslovakia|Czechoslovak -parliament is unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War.
1993- Catherine Callbeck -becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and the first woman to be elected in a general election as premier of a Canadian province.
1999-The Dow Jones Industrial Average -closes above the 10,000 mark (10,006.78) for the first time, during the height of the internet boom.
1999-A 1999 Chamoli earthquake|magnitude 6.8 earthquake -strikes the Chamoli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, killing 103.
2002-In reaction to the Passover massacre -two days prior, Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield against Palestinian political violence|Palestinian militants, its largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War.
2004- Bulgaria -Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
2004-The Republic of Ireland -becomes the first country in the world to smoking ban|ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
2010-Two female suicide bombers 2010 Moscow Metro terrorist bombings|hit the Moscow Metro system -at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.
2013-At least 36 people are killed when a 16-floor 2013 Dar es Salaam building collapse|building collapses -in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
2013-A 2013 Gyama Mine landslide|landslide -kills 66 people in China's Tibet Autonomous Region|Tibetan Autonomous Region near Lhasa.
2014-The first Same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom|same-sex marriages -in England and Wales are performed.
1553- Vitsentzos Kornaros -Greek poet (d. 1614)
1584- Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron -English general and politician (d. 1648)
1602- John Lightfoot -English academic and scholar (d. 1675)
1713- John Ponsonby (politician)|John Ponsonby -Irish politician (d. 1789)
1735- Johann Karl August Musäus -German author (d. 1787)
1747- Johann Wilhelm Hässler -German pianist and composer (d. 1822)
1751- Supply Belcher -American singer-songwriter (d. 1836)
1769- Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult -French general and politician, 12th Prime Minister of France (d. 1851)
1790- John Tyler -American lawyer and politician, 10th President of the United States (d. 1862)
1799- Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby -English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1869)
1815- Costache Caragiale -Romanian actor and manager (d. 1877)
1816- 10th Dalai Lama -(d. 1837)
1819- Edwin Drake -American oil entrepreneur and businessman (d. 1880)
1824- Ludwig Büchner -German physiologist, physician, and philosopher (d. 1899)
1826- Wilhelm Liebknecht -German journalist and politician (d. 1900)
1862- Adolfo Müller-Ury -Swiss-American painter (d. 1947)
1867- Cy Young -American baseball player and manager (d. 1955)
1869- Aleš Hrdlička -Czech anthropologist (d. 1943)
1870- Pavlos Melas -French-Greek captain (d. 1904)
1873- Tullio Levi-Civita -Italian mathematician (d. 1941)
1874- Lou Henry Hoover -American wife of Herbert Hoover, 33rd First Lady of the United States (d. 1944)
1876- Friedrich Traun -German tennis player (d. 1908)
1878- Albert Von Tilzer -American songwriter (d. 1956)
1885- Dezső Kosztolányi -Hungarian author and poet (d. 1936)
1888- Enea Bossi, Sr. -Italian-American engineer, designed the Budd BB-1 Pioneer and Bossi-Bonomi Pedaliante (d. 1963)
1889- Warner Baxter -American actor (d. 1951)
1891- Yvan Goll -French-German poet (d. 1950)
1891- Alfred Neubauer -Czech race car driver and manager (d. 1980)
1892- József Mindszenty -Hungarian cardinal (d. 1975)
1895- Ernst Jünger -German author (d. 1998)
1899- Lavrentiy Beriya -Abkhazian-Russian politician (d. 1953)
1900- Bill Aston -English race car driver (d. 1974)
1900- John McEwen -Australian politician, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
1901- Andrija Maurović -Croatian author and illustrator (d. 1981)
1902- Marcel Aymé -French author (d. 1967)
1902- Don Miller (American football)|Don Miller -American football player and coach (d. 1979)
1902- William Walton -English composer (d. 1983)
1903- Douglas Harkness -Canadian politician (d. 1999)
1903- Arthur Negus -English television host (d. 1985)
1905- Philip Ahn -American actor (d. 1978)
1906- E. Power Biggs -English-American organist (d. 1977)
1907- Braguinha (composer)|Braguinha -Brazilian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2006)
1908- Arthur O'Connell -American actor (d. 1981)
1908- Dennis O'Keefe -American actor (d. 1968)
1911- Tito Arévalo -Filipino actor (d. 2000)
1911- Brigitte Horney -German actress (d. 1988)
1912- Hanna Reitsch -German pilot (d. 1979)
1913- R. S. Thomas -Welsh priest and poet (d. 2000)
1914- Phil Foster -American actor (d. 1985)
1914- Chapman Pincher -Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (d. 2014)
1916- Peter Geach -English philosopher and academic (d. 2013)
1916- Eugene McCarthy -American poet and politician (d. 2005)
1917- Man o' War -American race horse (d. 1947)
1918- Pearl Bailey -American actress and singer (d. 1990)
1918- Lê Văn Thiêm -Vietnamese mathematician (d. 1991)
1918- Sam Walton -American businessman, founded Walmart and Sam's Club (d. 1992)
1919- Eileen Heckart -American actress (d. 2001)
1920- John M. Belk -American businessman and politician (d. 2007)
1920- Clarke Fraser -American-Canadian geneticist and academic
1920- Pierre Moinot -French author (d. 2007)
1920- Theodore Trautwein -American judge (d. 2000)
1923- Geoff Duke -English motorcycle racer
1923- Betty Binns Fletcher -American lawyer and judge (d. 2012)
1923- Bob Haymes -American singer-songwriter, and actor (d. 1989)
1926- Moshe Sanbar -Hungarian-Israeli economist (d. 2012)
1927- John McLaughlin (host)|John McLaughlin -American journalist and producer
1927- John Vane -English pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1928- Romesh Bhandari -Pakistani-Indian politician, 13th Foreign Secretary (India)|Foreign Secretary of India (d. 2013)
1928- Keith Botsford -Belgian-American journalist, author, and academic
1928- Vincent Gigante -American boxer and mobster (d. 2005)
1929- Utpal Dutt -Indian actor, director, and playwright (d. 1993)
1929- Sheila Kitzinger -English activist, author, and academic
1929- Richard Lewontin -American biologist and geneticist
1929- Lennart Meri -Estonian director and politician, 2nd President of Estonia (d. 2006)
1930- Anerood Jugnauth -Mauritian politician, 4th President of Mauritius
1931- Ștefan Andrei -Romanian politician, 87th Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Romania)|Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2014)
1931- Sopubek Begaliev -Kyrgyzstani economist and politician (d. 2002)
1931- Aleksei Gubarev -Russian general, pilot, and astronaut
1931- Norman Tebbit -English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1933- Jacques Brault -Canadian poet and academic
1935- Ruby Murray -English singer and actress (d. 1996)
1936- Richard Rodney Bennett -English-American composer and educator (d. 2012)
1936- Mogens Camre -Danish politician
1936- John A. Durkin -American politician (d. 2012)
1936- Judith Guest -American author and screenwriter
1936- Joseph P. Teasdale -American lawyer and politician, 48th Governor of Missouri (d. 2014)
1937- Billy Carter -American businessman and politician (d. 1988)
1937- Roberto Chabet -Filipino painter and sculptor (d. 2013)
1937- Smarck Michel -Haitian politician, 6th Prime Minister of Haiti (d. 2012)
1938- Barry Jackson (actor)|Barry Jackson -English actor and stuntman (d. 2013)
1939- Roland Arnall -French-American businessman and diplomat, 63rd United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (d. 2008)
1939- Terence Hill -Italian actor
1940- Ray Davis (musician)|Ray Davis -American singer (The Parliaments, Parliament (band)|Parliament, and Funkadelic) (d. 2005)
1940- Astrud Gilberto -Brazilian singer-songwriter
1940- John Suchet -English journalist
1941- Violeta Andrei -Romanian actress
1941- Eden Kane -Indian-English singer and actor
1941- Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr. -American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
1942- Julie Goodyear -English actress
1942- Bob Lurtsema -American football player
1942- Scott Wilson (actor)|Scott Wilson -American actor
1943- Vangelis -Greek keyboard player and songwriter (Aphrodite's Child and Jon and Vangelis)
1943- Chad Allan (musician)|Chad Allan -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Guess Who and Brave Belt)
1943- Eric Idle -English actor and singer
1943- John Major -English banker and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1944- Terry Jacks -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Poppy Family)
1944- Denny McLain -American baseball player
1945- Walt Frazier -American basketball player and sportscaster
1945- Speedy Keen -English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (Thunderclap Newman) (d. 2002)
1945- Willem Ruis -Dutch game show host (d. 1986)
1946- James Boyle (broadcasting)|James Boyle -Scottish broadcaster
1946- Paul Herman -American actor
1946- Richard Holmes (military historian)|Richard Holmes -English soldier and historian (d. 2011)
1946- Billy Thorpe -English-Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs) (d. 2007)
1946- Rigo Tovar -Mexican singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2005)
1947- Robert Gordon (musician)|Robert Gordon -American singer and actor
1947- Bobby Kimball -American singer-songwriter (Toto (band)|Toto and Yoso)
1948- Bud Cort -American actor, director, and screenwriter
1949- Michael Brecker -American saxophonist and composer (Steps Ahead and Parliament-Funkadelic) (d. 2007)
1949- Dave Greenfield -English Keyboard player (The Stranglers)
1949- Pauline Marois -Canadian politician, 30th Premier of Quebec
1949- Keith Simpson (politician)|Keith Simpson -English historian and politician
1949- John Spenkelink -American murderer (d. 1979)
1950- Norman Snow -American actor
1951- William Clarke (musician)|William Clarke -American harmonica player (d. 1996)
1952- John Hendricks -American businessman, founded Discovery Communications
1952- Teófilo Stevenson -Cuban boxer (d. 2012)
1953- Tõnis Palts -Estonian politician, 39th Mayor of Tallinn
1954- Dianne Kay -American actress
1954- Karen Ann Quinlan -American medical patient (d. 1985)
1955- Earl Campbell -American football player
1955- Brendan Gleeson -Irish actor
1955- Christopher Lawford -American actor and author
1955- Marina Sirtis -English-American actress
1956- Stephen Cole (broadcaster)|Stephen Cole -English journalist
1956- Patty Donahue -American singer (The Waitresses) (d. 1996)
1956- Kurt Thomas (gymnast)|Kurt Thomas -American gymnast
1957- Elizabeth Hand -American author
1957- Christopher Lambert -American-French actor
1957- Simon Lee (academic)|Simon Lee -English scholar and academic
1958- Pedro Bial -Brazilian journalist and producer
1958- Travis Childers -American politician
1958- Fiona Reynolds -English academic
1958- Nouriel Roubini -American economist and educator
1958- Victor Salva -American director, producer, and screenwriter
1958- Marc Silvestri -American publisher, founded Top Cow Productions
1959- Henry Bellingham (politician)|Henry Bellingham -English politician
1959- Barry Blanchard -Canadian mountaineer
1959- Perry Farrell -American singer-songwriter (Jane's Addiction, Porno for Pyros, Psi com, and Satellite Party)
1959- Michael Hayes (wrestler)|Michael Hayes -American wrestler and singer
1959- Brad McCrimmon -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2011)
1960- Jo Nesbø -Norwegian singer-songwriter and author (Di Derre)
1960- Annabella Sciorra -American actress
1961- Gary Brabham -Australian race car driver
1961- Ari Emanuel -American talent agent
1961- Mike Kingery -American baseball player
1961- Amy Sedaris -American actress and author
1961- Michael Winterbottom -English director and producer
1962- Billy Beane -American baseball player and manager
1962- Dan Bittman -Romanian singer-songwriter (Iris (Romanian band)|Iris)
1962- Kongar-ol Ondar -Russian singer (d. 2013)
1964- Michael A. Jackson (sheriff)|Michael A. Jackson -American police officer and politician
1964- Elle Macpherson -Australian model and actress
1964- Ming Tsai -American chef
1965- Jill Goodacre -American model and actress
1965- Emilios T. Harlaftis -Greek astrophysicist (d. 2005)
1965- Dominic Littlewood -English journalist
1965- William Oefelein -American commander, pilot, and astronaut
1965- Voula Patoulidou -Greek runner
1966- Eric Gunderson -American baseball player
1967- Michel Hazanavicius -French director, producer, and screenwriter
1967- Brian Jordan -American baseball player
1967- John Popper -American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (Blues Traveler and The John Popper Project)
1968- Sue Foley -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1968- Lucy Lawless -New Zealand actress and singer
1969- Ayano Murasaki -Japanese porn actress
1969- Jimmy Spencer (American football)|Jimmy Spencer -American football player
1970- Ruth England -English actress and producer
1971- Robert Gibbs -American political adviser, 28th White House Press Secretary
1971- Lara Logan -South African-American journalist
1972- Michel Ancel -French game designer, created ''Rayman''
1972- Rui Costa -Portuguese footballer
1972- Alex Ochoa -Cuban-American baseball player and coach
1972- Priti Patel -English politician
1972- Junichi Suwabe -Japanese voice actor and singer
1973- Brandi Love -American porn actress and model
1973- Marc Overmars -Dutch footballer
1973- Sebastiano Siviglia -Italian footballer
1973- Steve Smith (British high jumper)|Steve Smith -English high jumper
1974- Kara Brock -American actress
1974- Kristoffer Cusick -American actor
1974- Marc Gené -Spanish race car driver
1974- Miguel Gómez (photographer)|Miguel Gómez -Colombian-American photographer
1974- Sarah Walker (television presenter)|Sarah Walker -English television host
1975- Jim Mahfood -American comic book creator
1976- Igor Astarloa -Spanish cyclist
1976- Jennifer Capriati -American tennis player
1976- Daisuke Namikawa -Japanese voice actor
1978- Pierre Faber -French-German rugby player
1978- Jeffrey Parazzo -Canadian actor
1978- Aaron Persico -New Zealand-Italian rugby player
1979- Estela Giménez -Spanish gymnast
1979- Lauri Lahesalu -Estonian ice hockey player
1979- Amy Mathews -Australian actress
1979- De'Angelo Wilson -American actor (d. 2008)
1980- Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein -of Jordan
1980- China P. Arnold -American murderer
1980- Chris D'Elia -American comedian and actor
1980- Bill Demong -American skier
1980- Bruno Silva -Uruguayan footballer
1980- Kim Tae-hee -South Korean actress
1981- Megan Hilty -American actress and singer
1981- Jlloyd Samuel -Trinidadian footballer
1981- Brian Skala -American actor
1982- Hideaki Takizawa -Japanese actor and singer (Tackey & Tsubasa)
1983- Donald Cerrone -American mixed martial artist and kick-boxer
1983- Darius Draudvila -Lithuanian decathlete
1983- Luiza Sá -Brazilian guitarist (Cansei de Ser Sexy)
1983- Jamie Woon -English singer-songwriter and producer
1984- Nate Adams -American motocross racer
1984- Mohamed Bouazizi -Tunisian street vendor and activist (d. 2011)
1984- Juan Mónaco -Argentinian tennis player
1984- Mai Satoda -Japanese singer (Country Musume, Ongaku Gatas, and Elegies (J-pop)|Elegies)
1985- Fernando Amorebieta -Venezuelan footballer
1985- Maxim Lapierre -Canadian ice hockey player
1985- Mickey Pimentel -American football player
1986- Sylvan Ebanks-Blake -English footballer
1986- Luke Eberl -American actor and director
1986- Yoo So-young -South Korean actress and model
1987- Gianluca Freddi -Italian footballer
1987- Danielle Byrnes -Australian model and actress
1988- Esther Cremer -German runner
1988- Jesús Molina -Mexican footballer
1988- Jürgen Zopp -Estonian tennis player
1989- James Tomkins (footballer)|James Tomkins -English footballer
1990- Carlos Alberto Peña -Mexican footballer
1990- Mark Rajevski -Estonian ice hockey player
1990- Lyle Taylor -English footballer
1991- Fabio Borini -Italian footballer
1991- Hayley McFarland -American actress
1992- Chris Massoglia -American actor
1993- Riin Emajõe -Estonian footballer
1994- Sulli -South Korean actress, singer, and dancer (f(x) (band)|f(x))
1995- Marc Musso -American actor
History of Deaths
1058- Pope Stephen IX -(b. 1020)
1368- Emperor Go-Murakami -of Japan (b. 1328)
1461- Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland -English politician (b. 1421)
1578- Louis I, Cardinal of Guise -(b. 1527)
1578- Arthur Champernowne -English admiral (b. 1524)
1628- Tobias Matthew -English archbishop (b. 1546)
1629- Jacob de Gheyn II -Dutch painter and engraver (b. 1565)
1683- Yaoya Oshichi -Japanese arsonist (b. 1667)
1692- Nicolaus Bruhns -Danish-German organist, violinist, and composer (b. 1665)
1730- Simon Straub -German violinmaker and luthier (b. 1662)
1751- Thomas Coram -English captain and philanthropist, founded Foundling Hospital (b. 1668)
1772- Emanuel Swedenborg -Swedish astronomer, philosopher and theologian (b. 1688)
1788- Charles Wesley -English clergyman and poet (b. 1707)
1792- Gustav III of Sweden -(b. 1746)
1800- Marc René, marquis de Montalembert -French engineer (b. 1714)
1803- Gottfried van Swieten -Dutch-Austrian librarian and diplomat (b. 1733)
1826- Johann Heinrich Voss -German poet (b. 1751)
1829- Cornelio Saavedra -Argentinian general and politician (b. 1759)
1848- John Jacob Astor -German-American businessman (b. 1763)
1855- Henri Druey -Swiss politician (b. 1799)
1873- Francesco Zantedeschi -Italian physicist and priest (b. 1797)
1877- Inazuma Raigorō -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 7th Yokozuna (sumo)|Yokozuna (b. 1802)
1888- Charles-Valentin Alkan -French pianist and composer (b. 1813)
1891- Georges Seurat -French painter (b. 1859)
1900- Cyrus K. Holliday -American businessman (b. 1826)
1906- Slava Raškaj -Croatian painter (b. 1878)
1911- Alexandre Guilmant -French organist and composer (b. 1837)
1912- Henry Robertson Bowers -Scottish lieutenant and explorer (b. 1883)
1912- Robert Falcon Scott -English lieutenant and explorer (b. 1868)
1912- Edward Adrian Wilson -English physician and explorer (b. 1872)
1924- Charles Villiers Stanford -Irish composer and conductor (b. 1852)
1934- Otto Hermann Kahn -German banker and philanthropist (b. 1867)
1940- Alexander Obolensky -Russian-English rugby player (b. 1916)
1948- Harry Price -English author (b. 1881)
1948- Olev Siinmaa -Estonian architect (b. 1881)
1956- Infante Alfonso of Spain -(b. 1941)
1957- Joyce Cary -Irish author (b. 1888)
1959- Barthélemy Boganda -Central African politician, 1st List of heads of state of the Central African Republic and Central African Empire|Prime Minister of the Central Africa (b. 1910)
1963- Gaspard Fauteux -Canadian politician, 19th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1898)
1963- August Rei -Estonian politician, 12th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1886)
1965- Zlatko Baloković -Croatian violinist (b. 1895)
1970- Anna Louise Strong -American journalist (b. 1885)
1971- Dhirendranath Datta -Bangladeshi lawyer (b. 1886)
1972- J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank -English businessman, founded Rank Organisation (b. 1888)
1974- Joe Stecher -American wrestler (b. 1893)
1979- Yahya Petra of Kelantan -(b. 1917)
1980- Mantovani -Italian-English conductor (b. 1905)
1981- Eric Williams -Trinidadian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1911)
1982- Walter Hallstein -German educator and politician (b. 1901)
1982- Carl Orff -German composer (b. 1895)
1982- Nathan Farragut Twining -American general (b. 1897)
1985- The Singing Nun -Belgian singer-songwriter and nun (b. 1933)
1985- Luther Terry -American physician, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (b. 1911)
1986- Ritz Brothers|Harry Ritz -Austrian-American actor (b. 1907)
1988- Maurice Blackburn (composer)|Maurice Blackburn -Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1914)
1988- Ted Kluszewski -American baseball player (b. 1924)
1989- Bernard Blier -French actor (b. 1916)
1991- Lee Atwater -American political consultant (b. 1951)
1991- Guy Bourdin -French fashion photographer (b. 1928)
1992- Paul Henreid -Italian-American actor and director (b. 1908)
1994- Bill Travers -English actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
1995- Jimmy McShane -Irish singer (Baltimora) (b. 1957)
1995- Mort Meskin -American illustrator (b. 1916)
1995- Terry Moore (baseball)|Terry Moore -American baseball player and coach (b. 1912)
1996- Frank Daniel -Czech-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
1996- Bill Goldsworthy -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1944)
1997- Hans-Walter Eigenbrodt -German footballer and coach (b. 1935)
1999- Joe Williams (jazz singer)|Joe Williams -American singer (b. 1918)
1999- Gyula Zsengellér -Hungarian footballer (b. 1915)
2001- Helge Ingstad -Norwegian explorer (b. 1899)
2001- John Lewis (pianist)|John Lewis -American pianist and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (b. 1920)
2002- Ayat al-Akhras -Palestinian suicide bomber (b. 1984)
2002- Rachel Levy -Israeli victim of Kiryat HaYovel supermarket bombing (b. 1985)
2002- Haim Smadar -Israeli security guard (b. 1947)
2002- Rico Yan -Filipino actor (b. 1975)
2003- Carlo Urbani -Italian physician (b. 1956)
2004- Joel Feinberg -American philosopher (b. 1926)
2004- Simone Renant -French actress (b. 1911)
2005- Johnnie Cochran -American lawyer (b. 1937)
2005- Mitch Hedberg -American comedian and actor (b. 1968)
2005- Miltos Sachtouris -Greek poet (b. 1919)
2006- Salvador Elizondo -Mexican author and poet (b. 1932)
2007- Calvin Lockhart -Bahamian-American actor (b. 1934)
2009- Vladimir Fedotov -Russian footballer and manager (b. 1943)
2009- Andy Hallett -American actor and singer (b. 1975)
2011- Ângelo de Sousa -Portuguese painter and sculptor (b. 1938)
2011- Iakovos Kambanelis -Greek poet, playwright, screenwriter, lyricist, and novelist (b. 1921)
2012- Borgia (horse)|Borgia -German race horse (b. 1994)
2012- Montjeu -Irish race horse (b. 1996)
2012- Luke Askew -American actor (b. 1932)
2012- Pap Cheyassin Secka -Gambian lawyer and politician (b. 1942)
2012- Bill Jenkins (drag racer)|Bill Jenkins -American race car driver and engineer (b. 1930)
2012- Murder of Oksana Makar|Oksana Makar -Ukrainian murder victim (b. 1994)
2012- John Mallison -Australian pastor and author (b. 1929)
2012- Michael Peterson (surfer)|Michael Peterson -Australian surfer (b. 1952)
2013- Lawrence Auster -American blogger and author (b. 1949)
2013- Reid Flair -American wrestler (b. 1988)
2013- Reginald Gray (artist)|Reginald Gray -Irish-French painter (b. 1930)
2013- Brian Huggins -English-Canadian journalist and actor (b. 1931)
2013- Enzo Jannacci -Italian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1935)
2013- Liu Kang (football manager)|Liu Kang -Chinese footballer and manager (b. 1961)
2013- Ralph Klein -Canadian journalist and politician, 12th Premier of Alberta (b. 1942)
2013- Jim Mees -American set designer (b. 1955)
2013- Art Phillips -Canadian politician, 32nd Mayor of Vancouver (b. 1930)
2014- Hobart Alter -American businessman (b. 1933)
2014- Karl Spillman Forester -American judge (b. 1940)
2014- Marc Platt (dancer)|Marc Platt -American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1913)
2014- Birgitta Valberg -Swedish actress (b. 1916)
2014- Dane Witherspoon -American actor (b. 1957)