This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: March-21

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

537- Siege of Rome (537–538)|Siege of Rome -King Vitiges attempts to assault the northern and eastern Aurelian Walls|city walls, but is repulsed at the Porta Maggiore|Praenestine Gate, known as the ''Vivarium (Rome)|Vivarium'', by the defenders under the Byzantine Empire|Byzantine generals Bessas (general)|Bessas and Peranius.

630-Emperor Heraclius -returns the True Cross, one of the holiest Christian relics, to Jerusalem.

717- Battle of Vincy -between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.

1152-Annulment of the marriage of King Louis VII of France -and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine.

1188- Emperor Antoku -accedes to the Emperor of Japan|throne of Japan.

1413- Henry V of England|Henry V -becomes King of England.

1556-In Oxford -Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is Execution by burning|burned at the stake.

1788- Great New Orleans Fire (1788)|A fire in New Orleans -leaves most of the town in ruins.

1800-With the church leadership driven out of Rome -during an armed conflict, Pope Pius VII|Pius VII is Papal Coronation|crowned Pope in Venice with a Papier-mâché Tiara|temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.

1801-The Battle of Alexandria (1801)|Battle of Alexandria -is fought between United Kingdom|British and France|French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.

1804- Napoleonic Code|Code Napoléon -is adopted as France|French civil law (legal system)|civil law.

1814- Napoleonic Wars -Austrian Empire|Austrian forces repel First French Empire|French troops in the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube.

1821- Greek War of Independence -First revolutionary act in the monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta.

1844-The Bahá'í calendar -begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá'í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá'í Faith as the Bahá'í New Year or Bahá'í Naw-Rúz|Náw-Rúz.

1857-An earthquake -in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.

1861- Alexander Stephens -gives the Cornerstone Speech.

1871- Otto von Bismarck -is appointed Chancellor of the German Empire.

1871-Journalist Henry Morton Stanley -begins his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone.

1913-Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood -in Dayton, Ohio.

1918- World War I -The first phase of the German Spring Offensive, Operation Michael, begins.

1919-The Hungarian Soviet Republic -is established becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia.

1921-The New Economic Policy -is implemented by the Bolshevik Party in response to the economic failure as a result of War Communism.

1925-The Butler Act -prohibits the teaching of human evolution in Tennessee.

1925- Syngman Rhee -is removed from office after being impeached as the President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.

1928- Charles Lindbergh -is presented with the Medal of Honor for the first solo trans-Atlantic Ocean|Atlantic flight.

1933-Construction of Dachau concentration camp|Dachau -the first Nazi Germany|Nazi concentration camp, is completed.

1935- Shah of Iran -Rezā Shāh|Reza Shah Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran, meaning "Land of the Aryans".

1937- Ponce Massacre -Nineteen people in Ponce, Puerto Rico|Ponce, Puerto Rico, are gunned down by a police squad acting under orders of US-appointed Governor, Blanton C. Winship.

1943- Wehrmacht -officer Rudolf Christoph Freiherr von Gersdorff|Rudolf von Gersdorff plots to assassinate Adolf Hitler by using a suicide bomb, but the plan falls through. Von Gersdorff is able to defuse the bomb in time and avoid suspicion.

1945- World War II -United Kingdom|British troops liberate Mandalay, Myanmar|Burma.

1945-World War II: Operation Carthage -Royal Air Force planes bomb Gestapo headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark. They also hit a school and 125 civilians are killed.

1945-World War II: Kingdom of Bulgaria|Bulgaria -and the Soviet Union successfully complete their defense of the north bank of the Drava River as the Battle of the Transdanubian Hills concludes.

1946-The Los Angeles Rams -sign Kenny Washington (American football)|Kenny Washington, making him the first African American player in the American football since 1933.

1952- Alan Freed -presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio.

1960- Apartheid in South Africa -Sharpeville massacre|Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.

1963- Alcatraz -a federal Prison|penitentiary on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes.

1965- Ranger program -NASA launches Ranger 9, the last in a series of unmanned Moon|lunar space probes.

1965-Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -leads 3,200 people on the start of the third and finally successful civil rights march from Selma, Alabama|Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.

1968- Battle of Karameh -in Jordan between Israeli Defense Forces and Fatah.

1970-The first Earth Day -proclamation is issued by Mayor of San Francisco Joseph Alioto.

1980- President of the United States|US President -Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet war in Afghanistan.

1980-'' Dallas (1978 TV series)|Dallas -' aired its "A House Divided (Dallas)|A House Divided" episode, which led to eight months of international intrigue regarding Who shot J.R.?

1986- Debi Thomas -became the first African-American to win the World Figure Skating Championship

1989-'' Sports Illustrated -' reports allegations tying baseball player Pete Rose to baseball gambling.

1990- Namibia -becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.

1999- Bertrand Piccard -and Brian Jones (aeronaut)|Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.

2000- Pope John Paul II -makes his first ever pontifical visit to Israel.

Famous Birthdays

1417- Nicholas of Flüe -Swiss monk and saint (d. 1487)

1474- Angela Merici -Italian religious leader and saint (d. 1540)

1521- Maurice, Elector of Saxony -(d. 1553)

1527- Hermann Finck -German composer (d. 1558)

1672- Stefano Benedetto Pallavicino -Italian poet (d. 1742)

1713- Francis Lewis -Welsh-American politician (d. 1803)

1716- Josef Seger -Bohemian organist, composer, and educator (d. 1782)

1763- Jean Paul -German author (d. 1825)

1768- Joseph Fourier -French mathematician and physicist (d. 1830)

1801- Maria Theresa of Austria (1801–1855)|Maria Theresa of Austria -(d. 1855)

1806- Benito Juárez -Mexican lawyer and politician, 25th President of Mexico (d. 1872)

1811- Nathaniel Woodard -English priest and educator (d. 1891)

1825- Alexander Mozhaysky -Russian navy officer (d. 1890)

1835- Thomas Hayward (cricketer)|Thomas Hayward -English cricketer (d. 1876)

1839- Modest Mussorgsky -Russian composer (d. 1881)

1854- Alick Bannerman -Australian cricketer (d. 1924)

1857- Alice Henry -Australian journalist and activist (d. 1943)

1859- Daria Pratt -American golfer (d. 1938)

1865- George Owen Squier -American general (d. 1934)

1867- Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. -American director and producer (d. 1932)

1869- David Robertson (golfer)|David Robertson -Scottish golfer (d. 1937)

1876- Walter Tewksbury -American runner (d. 1968)

1877- Maurice Farman -French race car driver and pilot (d. 1964)

1880- Broncho Billy Anderson -American actor, director, and producer (d. 1971)

1880- Hans Hofmann -German-American painter (d. 1966)

1882- Aleksander Kesküla -Estonian politician (d. 1963)

1882- Bascom Lamar Lunsford -American singer and lawyer (d. 1973)

1885- Pierre Renoir -French actor and director (d. 1952)

1887- M. N. Roy -Indian philosopher and politician (d. 1954)

1889- Jock Sutherland -American football player and coach (d. 1948)

1891- Jonathan Hale -Canadian-American actor (d. 1966)

1895- Zlatko Baloković -Croatian-American violinist (d. 1955)

1897- Sim Gokkes -Dutch-Jewish composer (d. 1943)

1897- Salvador Lutteroth -Mexican wrestling promoter, founded Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (d. 1987)

1901- Karl Arnold -German politician (d. 1958)

1902- Son House -American singer and guitarist (d. 1988)

1902- Santo Pecora -American trombonist (New Orleans Rhythm Kings) (d. 1984)

1904- Jehane Benoît -Canadian journalist and author (d. 1987)

1904- Forrest Mars, Sr. -American candy maker, created M&M's and Mars (chocolate bar)|Mars bar (d. 1999)

1904- Nikos Skalkottas -Greek composer (d. 1949)

1905- Phyllis McGinley -American author and poet (d. 1978)

1906- John D. Rockefeller III -American philanthropist (d. 1978)

1906- Jim Thompson (designer)|Jim Thompson -American businessman (d. 1967)

1910- Julio Gallo -American businessman, co-founded E & J Gallo Winery (d. 1993)

1910- Muhammad Siddiq Khan -Bangladeshi librarian and educator (d. 1978)

1912- André Laurendeau -Canadian journalist, playwright, and politician (d. 1968)

1913- George Abecassis -English race car driver (d. 1991)

1914- Paul Tortelier -French cellist and composer (d. 1990)

1916- Bismillah Khan -Indian shehnai player (d. 2006)

1916- Ken Wharton -English race car driver (d. 1957)

1917- Frank Hardy -Australian author (d. 1994)

1917- Yigael Yadin -Israeli archeologist, general, and politician, Deputy leaders of Israel|Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1984)

1918- Patrick Lucey -American captain and politician, 38th Governor of Wisconsin (d. 2014)

1918- Charles Thompson (jazz)|Charles Thompson -American pianist

1919- Douglas Warren (bishop)|Douglas Warren -Australian bishop (d. 2013)

1920- Manolis Chiotis -Greek singer-songwriter and bouzouki player (d. 1970)

1920- Georg Ots -Estonian opera singer (d. 1975)

1921- Arthur Grumiaux -Belgian violinist and pianist (d. 1986)

1921- Antony Hopkins -English pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2014)

1921- Logan Ramsey -American actor (d. 2000)

1921- Joe Sutter -American engineer

1922- Russ Meyer -American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2004)

1923- Philip Abbott -American actor (d. 1998)

1923- Louis-Edmond Hamelin -Canadian geographer, author, and educator

1923- Nizar Qabbani -Syrian diplomat, poet, and publisher (d. 1998)

1923- Nirmala Srivastava -Indian religious leader, founded Sahaja Yoga (d. 2011)

1924- Dov Shilansky -Israeli politician (d. 2010)

1925- Harold Ashby -American saxophonist (d. 2003)

1925- Peter Brook -English-French director and producer

1925- Hugo Koblet -Swiss cyclist (d. 1964)

1926- André Delvaux -Belgian director and screenwriter (d. 2002)

1927- Halton Arp -American-German astronomer and critic (d. 2013)

1927- Hans-Dietrich Genscher -German politician, Vice-Chancellor of Germany

1929- Maurice Catarcio -American wrestler (d. 2005)

1930- James Coco -American actor (d. 1987)

1930- Otis Spann -American singer and pianist (d. 1970)

1931- Toyonobori -Japanese sumo wrestler (d. 1998)

1931- Clark L. Brundin -American academic

1931- Catherine Gibson -Scottish swimmer (d. 2013)

1931- Al Williamson -American illustrator (d. 2010)

1932- Walter Gilbert -American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate

1932- Joseph Silverstein -American violinist and conductor

1933- John Hall (businessman)|John Hall -English businessman

1933- Michael Heseltine -Welsh businessman and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

1934- Al Freeman, Jr. -American actor and director (d. 2012)

1934- Ved Mehta -Indian author

1935- Brian Clough -English footballer and manager (d. 2004)

1936- Ed Broadbent -Canadian pilot and politician

1936- Brian Dee -English pianist

1936- Mike Westbrook -English pianist and composer (The Orckestra)

1937- Ann Clwyd -Welsh politician

1937- Tom Flores -American football player and coach

1937- Pierre-Jean Rémy -French diplomat and author (d. 2010)

1938- Michael Foreman (author/illustrator)|Michael Foreman -English author and illustrator

1939- Kathleen Widdoes -American actress

1940- Solomon Burke -American singer-songwriter (d. 2010)

1942- Françoise Dorléac -French actress (d. 1967)

1942- Kostas Politis -Greek basketball player and coach

1942- Amina Claudine Myers -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1943- István Gyulai -Hungarian sprinter and sportscaster (d. 2006)

1943- Hartmut Haenchen -German conductor

1943- Vivian Stanshall -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and painter (Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band and Grimms) (d. 1995)

1944- Marie-Christine Barrault -French actress

1944- Janet Daley -American-English journalist

1944- Timothy Dalton -Welsh-English actor

1944- Hideki Ishima -Japanese guitarist (Flower Travellin' Band)

1944- Mike Jackson -English general

1944- David Lindley (musician)|David Lindley -American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Kaleidoscope (US band)|Kaleidoscope)

1944- Gaye Adegbalola -American singer and guitarist (Saffire – The Uppity Blues Women)

1945- Anthony Grabiner, Baron Grabiner -English lawyer

1945- Rose Stone -American singer and keyboard player (Sly and the Family Stone)

1946- Ray Dorset -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Mungo Jerry)

1948- Scott Fahlman -American computer scientist and academic

1949- Alvin Kallicharran -Guyanese cricketer and coach

1949- Andy Love -Scottish politician

1949- Eddie Money -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1949- Slavoj Žižek -Slovenian sociologist and critic

1950- Roger Hodgson -English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Supertramp)

1950- Ron Oden -American politician, 19th Mayor of Palm Springs

1950- Sergey Lavrov -Russian politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs (Russia)|Foreign Minister of Russia

1951- Conrad Lozano -American bass player (Los Lobos)

1951- Russell Thompkins, Jr. -American singer (The Stylistics)

1951- Buck Zumhofe -American wrestler

1953- Paul Martin Lester -American photographer, author, and educator

1953- David Wisniewski -English-American author and illustrator (d. 2002)

1955- Fadi Abboud -Lebanese economist and politician

1955- Bob Bennett (singer-songwriter)|Bob Bennett -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1955- Dimitrios Papadimoulis -Greek politician

1956- Guy Chadwick -German-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The House of Love)

1956- Richard Kirk -English guitarist, keyboard player, composer, and producer (Cabaret Voltaire (band)|Cabaret Voltaire)

1956- Ingrid Kristiansen -Norwegian runner

1958- Brad Hall -American actor, director, and screenwriter

1958- Sabrina Le Beauf -American actress

1958- Gary Oldman -English actor, singer, director, and producer

1959- Sarah Jane Morris (singer)|Sarah Jane Morris -English singer-songwriter (The Happy End)

1959- Yuval Rotem -Israeli diplomat

1959- Nobuo Uematsu -Japanese composer

1960- Benito T. de Leon -Filipino general

1960- Raivo Puusepp -Estonian architect

1960- Ayrton Senna -Brazilian race car driver (d. 1994)

1960- Robert Sweet (musician)|Robert Sweet -American drummer and producer (Stryper, King James (band)|King James, and Blissed (band)|Blissed)

1961- Lothar Matthäus -German footballer and manager

1961- Slim Jim Phantom -American drummer (Stray Cats, Phantom, Rocker & Slick, Dead Men Walking, and The Head Cat)

1962- Matthew Broderick -American actor, singer, and director

1962- Kathy Greenwood -Canadian actress

1962- Rosie O'Donnell -American actress and talk show host

1962- Mark Waid -American author

1963- Shawon Dunston -American baseball player

1963- Ronald Koeman -Dutch footballer and manager

1963- Shawn Lane -American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Black Oak Arkansas) (d. 2003)

1963- Share Pedersen -American bassist (Vixen (band))

1964- Ieuan Evans -Welsh rugby player

1964- Ahmed Radhi -Iraqi footballer and politician

1964- Jesper Skibby -Danish cyclist

1965- Xavier Bertrand -French politician

1966- Benito Archundia -Mexican footballer, referee, lawyer, and economist

1966- Matthew Maynard -English cricketer

1966- DJ Premier -American DJ and producer (Gang Starr)

1967- Jonas Berggren -Swedish singer-songwriter and producer (Ace of Base)

1967- Adrian Chiles -English radio and television host

1967- Carwyn Jones -Welsh lawyer and politician, First Minister of Wales

1967- Maxim Reality -English singer-songwriter (The Prodigy)

1968- Cameron Clyne -Australian businessman

1968- Andrew Copeland -American singer and guitarist (Sister Hazel)

1968- Jaye Davidson -American-English actor

1968- Samantha Dorman -American model and actress

1968- Greg Ellis (actor)|Greg Ellis -English actor

1968- Shin Seung-hun -South Korean singer-songwriter

1968- Scott Williams (basketball)|Scott Williams -American basketball player and sportscaster

1969- Viktor Alonen -Estonian footballer

1969- Ali Daei -Iranian footballer and coach

1969- Jonah Goldberg -American journalist and author

1970- Shiho Niiyama -Japanese voice actress (d. 2000)

1970- Cenk Uygur -Turkish-American talk show host

1971- Zsolt Kürtösi -Hungarian decathlete

1972- Chris Candido -American wrestler (d. 2005)

1972- Hain Helde -Estonian canoe racer

1973- Vanessa Branch -English-American model and actress

1973- Ananda Lewis -American television host

1973- Stuart Nethercott -English footballer

1973- Large Professor -American rapper and producer (Main Source)

1973- Jerry Supiran -American actor

1974- Laura Allen -American actress

1974- José Clayton -Brazilian-Tunisian footballer

1974- Rhys Darby -New Zealand comedian and actor

1974- Edsel Dope -American singer-songwriter and producer (Dope (band)|Dope)

1974- Kevin Leahy (musician)|Kevin Leahy -American drummer (BoDeans)

1974- Conor Woodman -Irish-English journalist and author

1975- Yacoub Al-Mohana -Kuwaiti director and producer

1975- Fabricio Oberto -Argentinian-Italian basketball player

1975- Justin Pierce -English-American actor (d. 2000)

1975- Vitaly Potapenko -Ukrainian basketball player

1975- Mark Williams (snooker player)|Mark Williams -Welsh snooker player

1976- Rachael MacFarlane -American voice actress and singer

1976- Iain Percy -English sailor

1976- Tekin Sazlog -German-Turkish footballer

1977- Bruno Cirillo -Italian footballer

1977- Jamie Delgado -English tennis player

1978- Nicholas M. Baines -English keyboard player (Kaiser Chiefs)

1978- Charmaine Dragun -Australian journalist (d. 2007)

1978- Kevin Federline -American dancer, rapper, and actor

1978- Cristian Guzmán -Dominican baseball player

1978- Rani Mukerji -Indian actress

1978- Young Noble -American rapper (Outlawz)

1978- Joyce Jimenez -American-Filipino actress

1980- Ronaldinho -Brazilian footballer

1980- Marit Bjørgen -Norwegian skier

1980- Lee Jin -South Korean singer and actress (Fin.K.L)

1980- Deryck Whibley -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Sum 41)

1981- Germano Borovicz Cardoso Schweger -Brazilian footballer

1981- Sébastien Chavanel -French cyclist

1981- Aysun Kayacı -Turkish model and actress

1982- Maria Elena Camerin -Italian tennis player

1982- Aaron Hill (baseball player)|Aaron Hill -American baseball player

1982- Jocie Kwok -Chinese-Singaporean singer

1982- Ermal Mamaqi -Albanian actor, singer, and DJ

1982- Colin Turkington -Irish race car driver

1983- Bonfire (horse)|Bonfire -German race horse (d. 2013)

1983- Jean Ondoa -Cameroonian footballer

1983- Sofía Zámolo -Argentinian model and television host

1984- Tiago dos Santos Roberto -Brazilian footballer

1984- Guillermo Daniel Rodríguez -Uruguayan footballer

1985- Ryan Callahan -American ice hockey player

1985- Jésica Cirio -Argentinian model and dancer

1985- Adrian Peterson -American football player

1986- Michu -Spanish footballer

1986- Romanos Alyfantis -Greek swimmer

1986- Scott Eastwood -American actor and model

1986- Joseph Mawle -English actor

1987- Rocco Nacino -Filipino actor, dancer and model

1988- Lee Cattermole -English footballer

1988- Kateřina Čechová -Czech sprinter

1988- Erik Johnson -American ice hockey player

1988- Eric Krüger -German sprinter

1989- Jordi Alba -Spanish footballer

1989- Rochelle Humes -English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (The Saturdays and S Club 8)

1989- Nicolas Lodeiro -Uruguayan footballer

1989- Takeru Satoh -Japanese actor

1990- Mandy Capristo -German singer-songwriter and dancer (Monrose)

1990- Ryann Krais -American runner and heptathlete

1990- Alex Nimo -Liberian-American footballer

1991- Luke Chapman -English footballer

1992- Karolína Plíšková -Czech tennis player

1993- Jake Bidwell -English footballer

1993- Jade Jones (taekwondo)|Jade Jones -Welsh martial artist

1993- Suraj Sharma -Indian actor

1995- Gerli Liinamäe -Estonian figure skater

1995- Diggy Simmons -American rapper (All City Chess Club)

History of Deaths

1063- Richeza of Lotharingia -(b. 995)

1076- Robert I, Duke of Burgundy -(b. 1011)

1306- Robert II, Duke of Burgundy -(b. 1248)

1487- Nicholas of Flüe -Swiss monk and saint (b. 1417)

1556- Thomas Cranmer -English archbishop (b. 1489)

1656- James Ussher -Irish archbishop (b. 1581)

1676- Henri Sauval -French historian (b. 1623)

1729- John Law (economist)|John Law -Scottish economist (b. 1671)

1734- Robert Wodrow -Scottish historian (b. 1679)

1751- Johann Heinrich Zedler -German publisher (b. 1706)

1762- Nicolas Louis de Lacaille -French astronomer (b. 1713)

1772- Jacques-Nicolas Bellin -French geographer (b. 1703)

1795- Giovanni Arduino (geologist)|Giovanni Arduino -Italian geologist (b. 1714)

1801- Andrea Luchesi -Italian composer (b. 1741)

1804- Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien -(b. 1772)

1843- Robert Southey -English poet (b. 1774)

1843- Guadalupe Victoria -Mexican general and politician, 1st President of Mexico (b. 1786)

1863- Edwin Vose Sumner -American general (b. 1797)

1884- Ezra Abbot -American scholar (b. 1819)

1896- William Quan Judge -Irish occultist and theosophist (b. 1851)

1915- Frederick Winslow Taylor -American engineer (b. 1856)

1920- Evelina Haverfield -Scottish nurse and activist (b. 1867)

1932- Frantz Reichel -French rugby player (b. 1871)

1934- Franz Schreker -Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1878)

1936- Alexander Glazunov -Russian composer and conductor (b. 1865)

1939- Evald Aav -Estonian composer (b. 1900)

1943- Cornelia Fort -American pilot (b. 1919)

1945- Arthur Nebe -German SS officer (b. 1894)

1951- Willem Mengelberg -Dutch conductor and composer (b. 1871)

1953- Ed Voss -American basketball player (b. 1922)

1955- Muriel Aked -English actress (b. 1887)

1958- Cyril M. Kornbluth -American author (b. 1923)

1970- Manolis Chiotis -Greek singer-songwriter and bouzouki player (b. 1920)

1973- Âşık Veysel Şatıroğlu -Turkish poet (b. 1894)

1974- Candy Darling -American actress (b. 1944)

1975- Joe Medwick -American baseball player (b. 1911)

1977- Victor Beaumont -German-English actor (b. 1912)

1978- Louis Cottrell, Jr. -American saxophonist and clarinet player (b. 1911)

1980- Angelo Bruno -Italian-American mobster (b. 1910)

1980- Peter Stoner -American mathematician, astronomer, and apologist (b. 1888)

1982- Harry H. Corbett -English actor (b. 1925)

1985- Michael Redgrave -English actor, director, and manager (b. 1908)

1987- Walter L. Gordon -Canadian businessman and politician (b. 1906)

1987- Dean Paul Martin -American tennis player, singer, actor, and pilot (b. 1951)

1987- Robert Preston (actor)|Robert Preston -American actor (b. 1918)

1991- Leo Fender -American businessman, founded Fender Musical Instruments Corporation (b. 1909)

1992- John Ireland (actor)|John Ireland -Canadian actor and director (b. 1914)

1992- Natalie Sleeth -American pianist and composer (b. 1930)

1994- Macdonald Carey -American actor (b. 1913)

1994- Lili Damita -French-American actress (b. 1904)

1994- Dack Rambo -American actor (b. 1941)

1997- Wilbert Awdry -English cleric and author, created ''Thomas the Tank Engine'' (b. 1911)

1998- Galina Ulanova -Russian ballerina (b. 1910)

1999- Jean Guitton -French philosopher and author (b. 1905)

1999- Ernie Wise -English comedian and actor (b. 1925)

2001- Chung Ju-yung -South Korean businessman, founded Hyundai (b. 1915)

2001- Anthony Steel (actor)|Anthony Steel -English actor and singer (b. 1920)

2002- Herman Talmadge -American politician, 70th Governor of Georgia (b. 1913)

2003- Shivani -Indian author (b. 1923)

2003- Umar Wirahadikusumah -Indonesian politician, 4th Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1924)

2004- Ludmilla Tchérina -French actress, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1924)

2005- Barney Martin -American actor (b. 1923)

2005- Bobby Short -American singer and pianist (b. 1924)

2007- Drew Hayes -American author and illustrator (b. 1969)

2007- Sven O. Høiby -Norwegian journalist (b. 1936)

2007- Kevin Whitrick -English engineer (b. 1964)

2008- Denis Cosgrove -English-American geographer and academic (b. 1948)

2008- Klaus Dinger -German singer-songwriter and producer (Neu!, La Düsseldorf, La! Neu?, and Kraftwerk) (b. 1946)

2008- Guillermo Jullian de la Fuente -Chilean architect (b. 1931)

2009- Walt Poddubny -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1960)

2010- Wolfgang Wagner -German director and manager (b. 1919)

2011- Loleatta Holloway -American singer-songwriter (The Caravans) (b. 1946)

2011- Gerd Klier -German footballer (b. 1944)

2011- Ladislav Novák -Czech footballer and manager (b. 1931)

2011- Pinetop Perkins -American singer and pianist (b. 1913)

2012- Albrecht Dietz -German businessman (b. 1926)

2012- Ron Erhardt -American football player and coach (b. 1931)

2012- Robert Fuest -English director, screenwriter, and production designer (b. 1927)

2012- Tonino Guerra -Italian poet and screenwriter (b. 1920)

2012- Irving Louis Horowitz -American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1929)

2012- Yuri Razuvaev -Russian chess player (b. 1945)

2012- Marina Salye -Russian geologist and politician (b. 1934)

2013- Chinua Achebe -Nigerian poet and author (b. 1930)

2013- Mohamed Said Ramadan Al-Bouti -Turkish-Syrian cleric and scholar (b. 1929)

2013- Yvan Ducharme -Canadian actor (b. 1937)

2013- Tyrone Gilks -Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1993)

2013- Rick Hautala -American author and screenwriter (b. 1949)

2013- Harlon Hill -American football player and coach (b. 1932)

2013- Pietro Mennea -Italian sprinter and politician (b. 1952)

2013- Herschel Schacter -American rabbi (b. 1917)

2013- Elsie Thompson -American super-centenarian (b. 1899)

2013- Giancarlo Zagni -Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1926)

2014- Qoriniasi Bale -Fijian lawyer and politician, 25th Attorney-General (Fiji)|Attorney-General of Fiji (b. 1929)

2014- Bill Boedeker -American football player (b. 1924)

2014- Jack Fleck -American golfer (b. 1921)

2014- Simeon Oduoye -Nigerian police officer and politician (b. 1945)

2014- James Rebhorn -American actor (b. 1948)

2014- Ignatius Zakka I Iwas -Iraqi patriarch (b. 1933)