This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: March-16

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

597 BC- Babylonians -capture Jerusalem, and replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.

455-Emperor Valentinian III -is Assassination|assassinated by two Huns|Hunnic retainers while training with the Bow and arrow|bow on the Campus Martius (Ancient Rome|Rome).

934- Meng Zhixiang -declares himself Emperors of China|emperor and establishes Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang.

1190-Massacre of Jews at York Castle|Clifford's Tower -York.

1244-Over 200 Cathar -are burned after the Siege of Montségur|Fall of Montségur.

1322-The Battle of Boroughbridge -take place in the Despenser Wars.

1621- Samoset -a Mohegan, visited the settlers of Plymouth Colony and greets them, "Welcome, Englishmen! My name is Samoset."

1660-The Long Parliament -of England is dissolved so as to prepare for the new Convention Parliament (1660)|Convention Parliament.

1689-The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers -is founded.

1782- American Revolutionary War -Spanish troops Battle of Roatán|capture the British-held island of Roatán.

1792-King Gustav III of Sweden -is shot; he dies on March 29.

1802-The United States Army Corps of Engineers|Army Corps of Engineers -is established to found and operate the United States Military Academy|United States Military Academy at West Point.

1812- Battle of Badajoz (1812)|Battle of Badajoz -(March 16

1815- William I of the Netherlands|Prince Willem -proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarchy|constitutional monarch in the Netherlands.

1818-In the Second Battle of Cancha Rayada -Spain|Spanish forces defeated Chileans under José de San Martín.

1861- Edward Clark (governor)|Edward Clark -becomes List of Governors of Texas|Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who has been evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederate States of America|Confederacy.

1864- American Civil War -During the Red River Campaign, Union (American Civil War)|Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana.

1865-American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough -began as Confederate forces suffer irreplaceable casualties in the final months of the war.

1872-The Wanderers F.C. -won the first FA Cup, the oldest association football|football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval in Kennington, London.

1900-Sir Arthur Evans -purchased the land around the ruins of Knossos, the largest Bronze Age List of archaeological sites sorted by country|archaeological site on Crete.

1912- Lawrence Oates -an ill member of Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition, left his tent to die, saying: "I am just going outside and may be some time."

1916-The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing -cross the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa.

1924-In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, 1924|Treaty of Rome -Rijeka|Fiume becomes annexed as part of Italy.

1926- Rocket#Modern rocketry|History of Rocketry -Robert Goddard (scientist)|Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts.

1935- Adolf Hitler -orders Germany to rearm herself in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Conscription is reintroduced to form the Wehrmacht.

1936-Warmer-than-normal temperatures rapidly melt snow and ice on the upper Allegheny River|Allegheny -and Monongahela River|Monongahela rivers and lead to Pittsburgh Flood of 1936|a major flood in Pittsburgh.

1939-From Prague Castle -Hitler proclaims Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia|Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate.

1939-Marriage of Princess Princess Fawzia Fuad of Egypt|Fawzia of Egypt -to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran.

1940-First person killed in a German bombing raid on the UK in World War II -during a raid on Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands, James Isbister.

1942-The first V-2 rocket -test launch. It exploded at lift-off.

1945- World War II -The Battle of Iwo Jima ended, but small pockets of Japanese resistance persisted.

1945-Ninety percent of Würzburg -Germany is destroyed in only 20 minutes by United Kingdom|British bombers. 5,000 are killed.

1950-Communist Czechoslovakia -s ministry of foreign affairs asks nuncios of Holy See|Vatican to leave the country.

1958-The Ford Motor Company -produces its 50 millionth automobile, the Ford Thunderbird|Thunderbird, averaging almost a million cars a year since the company's founding.

1962-A Flying Tiger Line -Lockheed Constellation|Super Constellation Flying Tiger Line Flight 739|disappears in the western Pacific Ocean, with all 107 aboard missing and presumed dead.

1966-Launch of Gemini 8 -the 12th manned United States|American space flight and first space docking with the Agena Target Vehicle.

1968- Vietnam War -In the My Lai massacre, between 347 and 500 Vietnamese villagers (men, women, and children) are killed by American troops.

1968- General Motors -produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado.

1969-A Viasa -McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Viasa Flight 742|crashes in Maracaibo, Venezuela, killing 155.

1976- Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|British Prime Minister -Harold Wilson resigns, citing personal reasons.

1977-Assassination of Kamal Jumblatt -the main leader of the anti-government forces in the Lebanese Civil War.

1978-Former Italy|Italian -Prime Minister Aldo Moro is kidnapped and later killed by his captors.

1978-Supertanker '' Amoco Cadiz -' splits in two after running aground on the Portsall Rocks, three miles off the coast of Brittany, resulting in the 5th-largest oil spill in history.

1979- Sino-Vietnamese War -The People's Liberation Army crosses the border back into China, ends the war.

1983-Demolition of the Transmitter Ismaning|radio tower Ismaning -the last wooden radio tower in Germany.

1984- William Francis Buckley|William Buckley -the CIA station chief in Beirut, Lebanon, is kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists and later died in captivity.

1985- Associated Press -newsman Terry A. Anderson|Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut. He is released on December 4, 1991.

1988- Iran-Contra Affair -Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy (crime)|conspiracy to defraud the United States.

1988- Halabja poison gas attack -The Kurdish town of Halabjah in Iraq is attacked with a mix of poison gas and nerve agents on the orders of Saddam Hussein, killing 5000 people and injuring about 10000 people.

1988- The Troubles -Ulster loyalism|Ulster loyalist militant Michael Stone (loyalist)|Michael Stone Milltown Cemetery attack|attacks a Provisional IRA funeral in Belfast with pistols and grenades. Three people are killed and more than 60 wounded. The attack was filmed by news crews.

1989-In Egypt -a 4,400-year-old mummy is found near the Great Pyramid of Giza|Pyramid of Cheops.

1995- Mississippi -formally ratifies the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was officially ratified in 1865.

2003- Rachel Corrie -a 23-year-old American woman involved with the International Solidarity Movement, is killed trying to prevent a Palestinian home from being destroyed by a bulldozer in Rafah.

2005- Israel -officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.

2014- Crimea -votes in a controversial Crimean referendum, 2014|referendum to secede from Ukraine to join Russia.