This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

752 BC- Romulus -legendary first king of Ancient Rome|Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caenina (Town)|Caeninenses, following The Rape of the Sabine Women.

509 BC- Publius Valerius Publicola -Roman consul, celebrates the first triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia.

86 BC- Lucius Cornelius Sulla -at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus ending the Siege of Athens and Piraeus (87–86 BC)|Siege of Athens and Piraeus.

293-Emperor Diocletian -and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesar (title)|Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the ''Quattuor Principes Mundi'' ("Four Rulers of the World").

317- Crispus -and Constantine II (emperor)|Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made ''Caesar (title)|Caesares''

350- Vetranio -is asked by Constantina, sister of Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar.

1457-The '' Unitas Fratrum -' is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

1476-Forces of the Catholic Monarchs -engage the combined Portuguese-Castilian armies of Afonso V of Portugal|Afonso V and John II of Portugal|Prince John at the Battle of Toro.

1562-Twenty-three Huguenot -are massacred by Catholicism|Catholics in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.

1565-The city of Rio de Janeiro -is founded.

1593-The Uppsala Synod -is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheranism|Lutheran Church of Sweden.

1628-Writs issued in February -by Charles I of England mandate that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

1633- Samuel de Champlain -reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

1642-Georgeana, Massachusetts -(now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States.

1692- Sarah Good -Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Danvers, Massachusetts|Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.

1700- Sweden -introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and introduces the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753.

1713-The siege and destruction of Fort Neoheroka -begins during the Tuscarora War in North Carolina, effectively opening up the colony's interior to European colonization.

1781-The Continental Congress -adopts the Articles of Confederation.

1790-The first United States Census Bureau|United States census -is authorized.

1803- Ohio -is admitted as the 17th U.S. state.

1805-Justice Samuel Chase -is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.

1811-Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty -are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali of Egypt|Muhammad Ali.

1815- Napoleon I of France|Napoleon -returns to France from his banishment on Elba.

1836-A Convention of 1836|convention -of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.

1845- President of the United States|President -John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.

1847-The state of Michigan -formally abolishes capital punishment.

1852- Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton -is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

1854- German people|German -psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.

1867- Nebraska -becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln, Nebraska|Lincoln and becomes the state capital.

1868-The Pi Kappa Alpha -Fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia.

1870- Francisco Solano López (politician)|Marshal F.S. López -dies during the Battle of Cerro Corá thus marking the end of the Paraguayan War.

1872- Yellowstone National Park -is established as the world's first national park.

1873- E. Remington and Sons -in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.

1886-The Anglo-Chinese School -Singapore is founded by Bishop William Fitzjames Oldham|William Oldham.

1893-Electrical engineer Nikola Tesla -gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri.

1896- Battle of Adowa -an Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Kingdom of Italy|Italian force, ending the First Italo-Ethiopian War.

1896- Henri Becquerel -discovers radioactivity.

1901-The Australian Army -is formed.

1910-The worst Wellington, Washington avalanche|avalanche -in United States history buries a Great Northern Railway (U.S.)|Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington, killing 96 people.

1912- Albert Berry (parachutist)|Albert Berry -makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.

1914-The Republic of China (1912–49)|Republic of China -joins the Universal Postal Union.

1917-The Government of the United States|U.S. government -releases the plaintext|unencrypted text of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.

1919- March 1st Movement -begins in Korea under Japanese rule.

1921-The Australia national cricket team|Australian cricket team -captained by Warwick Armstrong becomes the first team to complete a whitewash (sport)|whitewash of The Ashes, something that would not be repeated for 86 years.

1932-The son of Charles Lindbergh -Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, is kidnapped.

1936-The Hoover Dam -is completed.

1936- SS California strike|A strike occurs aboard the ''S.S. California'' -leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.

1939-A Japanese Imperial Army -ammunition dump explodes at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.

1941- World War II -Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.

1941- W47NV -(now known as WSM-FM) begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station in the United States|U.S..

1946-The Bank of England -is nationalised.

1947-The International Monetary Fund -begins financial operations.

1950- Cold War -Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.

1953-Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin -suffers a stroke and collapses; he dies four days later.

1954- Nuclear testing -The Castle Bravo, a 15-TNT equivalent|megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.

1954- Puerto Rican independence movement|Puerto Rican nationalists -attack the United States Capitol building, United States Capitol shooting incident (1954)|injuring five Representatives.

1956-The International Air Transport Association -finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.

1956-Formation of the East Germany|East German -National People's Army|Nationale Volksarmee

1958- Samuel Stritch|Samuel Alphonsus Stritch -is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first United States|American member of the Roman Curia.

1961- President of the United States|American President -John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.

1961- Uganda -becomes self-governing and holds its first elections.

1962- American Airlines Flight 1 -crashes on take off in New York.

1964- Villarrica (volcano)|Villarrica Volcano -begins a strombolian eruption causing lahars that destroy half of the town of Coñaripe.

1966- Venera 3 -Soviet Union|Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.

1966-The Ba'ath Party -takes power in Syria.

1971-A bomb explodes in a men's room in the United States Capitol -the Weatherman (organization)|Weather Underground claims responsibility.

1971- President of Pakistan -Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.

1972-The Thailand|Thai -province of Yasothon province|Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani province.

1973- Black September (group)|Black September -storms the Saudi Arabia|Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan, resulting in the Attack on the Saudi embassy in Khartoum|assassination of three Western hostages.

1974- Watergate scandal -Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.

1981- Provisional Irish Republican Army -member Bobby Sands begins his 1981 Irish hunger strike|hunger strike in Maze (HM Prison)|HM Prison Maze.

1989-The United States -becomes a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.

1990- Steve Jackson Games -is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

1992- Bosnia and Herzegovina -declares its independence from Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1995- Prime Minister of Poland -Waldemar Pawlak resigns from parliament and is replaced by ex-communist Józef Oleksy.

1995- Yahoo! -is incorporated.

1998-'' Titanic (1997 film)|Titanic -' became the first film to gross over List of highest-grossing films|$1 billion worldwide.

1999- Ottawa Treaty -enters into force.

2000-The Constitution of Finland -is rewritten.

2000- Hans Blix -assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.

2002- War in Afghanistan (2001–present)|U.S. invasion of Afghanistan -Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.

2002-The Envisat -environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit {{convert|800|km|mi|sp=us}} above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload (air and space craft)|payload to date at 8500 kilograms (8.5 tons).

2002-The Spanish peseta|peseta -is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced by the euro (€).

2003-Management of the United States Customs Service -and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.

2003-The International Criminal Court -holds its inaugural session in The Hague.

2004- Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum -becomes President of Iraq.

2005- Supreme Court of the United States|U.S. Supreme Court -rules that the execution of juveniles found guilty of murder is unconstitutional marking a change in "national standards,".

2006- English language|English-language -Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.

2007- Tornado -s February–March 2007 Tornado Outbreak|break out across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths are at Enterprise High School (Alabama)|a high school in Enterprise, Alabama|Enterprise, Alabama.

2007- Squatting|"Squatters" -are Eviction|evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots.

2008-The Police of the Republic of Armenia|Armenian police -clash with peaceful opposition rally protesting against Armenian presidential election, 2008|allegedly fraudulent presidential elections 2008, as a result ten people are killed.

2014-At least 29 people are killed and 130 injured in a 2014 Kunming attack|mass stabbing -at Kunming Railway Station in China.

Famous Birthdays

40- Martial -Latin poet (d. 102)

1389- Antoninus of Florence -Italian archbishop and saint (d. 1459)

1432- Isabella of Coimbra -(d. 1455)

1456- Vladislaus II of Hungary -(d. 1516)

1547- Rudolph Goclenius -German philosopher (d. 1628)

1597- Jean-Charles de la Faille -Flemish mathematician (d. 1652)

1611- John Pell -English mathematician (d. 1685)

1644- Simon Foucher -French philosopher (d. 1696)

1657- Samuel Werenfels -Swiss theologian (d. 1740)

1683- 6th Dalai Lama -(d. 1706)

1683- Caroline of Ansbach -(d. 1737)

1732- William Cushing -American jurist (d. 1810)

1760- François Buzot -French politician (d. 1794)

1769- François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers -French general (d. 1796)

1781- Javiera Carrera -Chilean daughter of Ignacio de la Carrera (d. 1862)

1792- Rudecindo Alvarado -Argentinian general (d. 1872)

1807- Wilford Woodruff -American religious leader, 4th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)

1808- Edward "Ned" Kendall -American bandleader and instrumentalist (keyed bugle) (d. 1861)

1810- Frédéric Chopin -Polish pianist and composer (d. 1849)

1812- Augustus Pugin -English architect, co-designed the Palace of Westminster (d. 1852)

1817- Giovanni Duprè -Italian sculptor (d. 1882)

1821- Joseph Hubert Reinkens -German bishop (d. 1896)

1837- William Dean Howells -American author and critic (d. 1920)

1842- Nikolaos Gyzis -Greek painter (d. 1901)

1848- Augustus Saint-Gaudens -Irish-American sculptor (d. 1907)

1852- Théophile Delcassé -French politician, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (France)|Minister of Foreign Affairs for France(d. 1923)

1858- Georg Simmel -German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1918)

1863- Aleksandr Golovin (artist)|Alexander Golovin -Russian painter (d. 1930)

1863- Naomi Anderson -American civil rights activist

1868- Achille Paroche -French target shooter (d. 1933)

1870- E. M. Antoniadi -Greek astronomer (d. 1944)

1876- Henri de Baillet-Latour -Belgian businessman (d. 1942)

1880- Lytton Strachey -English author and critic (d. 1932)

1883- Karl Robert Pusta -Estonian politician and diplomat (d. 1964)

1886- Oskar Kokoschka -Austrian painter and poet (d. 1980)

1888- Ewart Astill -English cricketer (d. 1948)

1888- Fanny Walden -English footballer and cricketer (d. 1949)

1889- Watsuji Tetsuro -Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)

1892- Ryūnosuke Akutagawa -Japanese author (d. 1927)

1893- Mercedes de Acosta -American author, poet, and playwright (d. 1968)

1895- Ogura Yuki -Japanese painter (d. 2000)

1896- Dimitri Mitropoulos -Greek pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1960)

1896- Moriz Seeler -German playwright and producer (d. 1942)

1899- Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski -German SS officer (d. 1972)

1904- Paul Hartman -American actor (d. 1973)

1904- Glenn Miller -American trombonist, composer, and bandleader (Glenn Miller Orchestra) (d. 1944)

1905- Doris Hare -Welsh-English actress (d. 2000)

1906- Camilla Spira -German actress (d. 1997)

1906- Pham Van Dong -Vietnamese politician (d. 2000)

1909- Eugene Esmonde -English lieutenant and pilot (d. 1942)

1909- Winston Sharples -American composer (d. 1978)

1910- Archer John Porter Martin -English chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)

1910- David Niven -English actor (d. 1983)

1911- Rina Ketty -Italian-French singer (d. 1996)

1912- Gerald Emmett Carter -Canadian cardinal (d. 2003)

1912- Boris Chertok -Polish-Russian engineer (d. 2011)

1914- Harry Caray -American sportscaster (d. 1998)

1914- Ralph Ellison -American author and critic (d. 1994)

1915- Malak Karsh -Canadian photographer (d. 2001)

1917- Robert Lowell -American poet (d. 1977)

1918- Roger Delgado -English actor (d. 1973)

1918- João Goulart -Brazilian politician, 24th President of Brazil (d. 1976)

1918- Gladys Spellman -American politician (d. 1988)

1920- Max Bentley -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984)

1921- Jack Clayton -English director (d. 1995)

1921- Terence Cooke -American cardinal (d. 1983)

1921- Richard Wilbur -American poet

1922- William Gaines -American publisher (d. 1992)

1922- Yitzhak Rabin -Israeli politician, 5th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)

1923- Péter Kuczka -Hungarian poet and editor (d. 1999)

1924- Arnold Drake -American author and screenwriter (d. 2007)

1924- Deke Slayton -American pilot and astronaut (d. 1993)

1926- Robert Clary -French-American actor and author

1926- Cesare Danova -Italian-American actor (d. 1992)

1926- Pete Rozelle -American businessman (d. 1996)

1926- Allan Stanley -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2013)

1927- Harry Belafonte -American singer-songwriter and actor

1927- Robert Bork -American lawyer and scholar, United States Attorney General (d. 2012)

1928- Jacques Rivette -French director and screenwriter

1929- Georgi Markov -Bulgarian author (d. 1978)

1930- R. P. Goenka -Indian businessman, founded RPG Group (d. 2013)

1930- Gastone Nencini -Italian cyclist (d. 1980)

1933- Gerry Bron -English record producer and manager (d. 2012)

1934- Jean-Michel Folon -Belgian painter and sculptor (d. 2005)

1934- Joan Hackett -American actress (d. 1983)

1935- Robert Conrad -American actor

1935- Allan Green (barrister)|Allan Green -English lawyer

1936- Monique Bégin -Italian-Canadian politician

1936- Jean-Edern Hallier -French author (d. 1997)

1937- Jed Allan -American actor

1937- Jimmy Little -Australian guitarist, actor and educator (d. 2012)

1939- Adnan Al-Kaissie -Iraqi wrestler and manager

1939- Leo Brouwer -Cuban guitarist and composer

1940- David Broome -Welsh horse rider

1940- Robert Grossman -American painter, sculptor, and author

1940- Brian Waites -English golfer

1940- Krzysztof Wilmanski -Polish-German scientist (d. 2012)

1941- Robert Hass -AMerican poet

1941- Joo Hyun -South Korean actor

1941- Maaja Ranniku -Estonian chess player (d. 2004)

1941- Donnie Walsh -American basketball player and coach

1942- Jerry Fisher -American singer (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

1942- Peter Guber -American film producer

1942- Richard Myers -American general

1943- Gil Amelio -American businessman

1943- José Ángel Iribar -Spanish footballer and manager

1943- Cha Katō -Japanese comedian and actor

1943- Akinori Nakayama -Japanese gymnast

1943- Richard H. Price -American physicist

1943- Rashid Sunyaev -Russian physicist

1944- Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee -Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal

1944- John Breaux -American politician

1944- Mike d'Abo -English singer-songwriter (Manfred Mann and A Band of Angels)

1944- Roger Daltrey -English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (The Who, No Plan B (band)|No Plan B, and The RD Crusaders)

1944- Deian Hopkin -Welsh historian and academic

1944- John Napier (designer)|John Napier -English set designer

1945- Dirk Benedict -American actor

1946- Elvin Bethea -American football player

1946- Gerry Boulet -Canadian singer-songwriter (Offenbach (band)|Offenbach) (d. 1990)

1946- Jim Crace -English author

1946- Lana Wood -American actress and producer

1947- Mike Read -English journalist

1947- Alan Thicke -Canadian actor and composer

1948- Burning Spear -Jamaican singer-songwriter

1948- Karl Johnson -Welsh actor

1948- Alison Richard -English anthropologist and academic

1951- Sergei Kourdakov -Russian-American KGB agent (d. 1973)

1952- Steven Barnes -American author

1952- Nevada Barr -American author

1952- Leigh Matthews -Australian footballer and coach

1952- Jerri Nielsen -American physician (d. 2009)

1952- Martin O'Neill -Irish footballer and manager

1952- Brian Winters -American basketball player and coach

1953- Dan T. Cathy -American businessman

1953- Thomas Henderson (American football)|Thomas Henderson -American football player

1953- M. K. Stalin -Indian actor and politician

1953- Carlos Queiroz -Portuguese football manager

1954- Catherine Bach -American actress

1954- Ron Howard -American actor, director, and producer

1954- Mare Teichmann -Estonian psychologist

1956- Helen Boaden -English broadcaster

1956- Tim Daly -American actor, director, and producer

1956- Dalia Grybauskaitė -Lithuanian politician, 6th President of Lithuania

1956- Mark Todd (equestrian)|Mark Todd -New Zealand horse rider

1957- Peter Athans -American mountaineer

1958- Nik Kershaw -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

1958- Chosei Komatsu -Japanese conductor

1958- Bertrand Piccard -Swiss psychiatrist

1959- Nick Griffin -English politician

1959- Diamanto Manolakou -Greek politician

1960- Benedict Allen -English television host and author

1962- Mark Gardner (baseball)|Mark Gardner -American baseball player

1962- Bill Leen -American bass player (Gin Blossoms)

1962- Melanie Moore (pornographic actress)|Melanie Moore -American porn actress and model

1962- Russell Coutts -New Zealand sailor

1963- Rob Affuso -American drummer (Skid Row (American band)|Skid Row)

1963- Thomas Anders -German singer-songwriter and producer (Modern Talking)

1963- Maurice Benard -American actor

1963- Ron Francis -Canadian ice hockey player

1963- Russell Wong -American actor

1964- Clinton Gregory -American singer-songwriter and fiddler

1964- Paul Le Guen -French footballer and manager

1965- Stewart Elliott -Canadian jockey

1965- Mary Lou Lord -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Helium (band)|Helium)

1965- Booker T (wrestler)|Booker T -American wrestler and sportscaster

1966- Susan Auch -Canadian speed skater

1966- JD Cullum -American actor

1966- Zack Snyder -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1967- Yelena Afanasyeva -Russian runner

1967- George Eads -American actor

1967- Aron Winter -Dutch footballer

1968- Salil Ankola -Indian cricketer and actor

1969- Javier Bardem -Spanish actor

1969- Doug Creek -American baseball player

1969- Dafydd Ieuan -Welsh drummer (Super Furry Animals, The Peth, and Catatonia (band)|Catatonia)

1969- József Szabó -Hungarian swimmer

1970- Jason V Brock -American author

1971- Thomas Adès -English pianist, composer, and conductor

1971- Scott Antol -American wrestler

1971- Tyler Hamilton -American cyclist

1972- Último Guerrero -Mexican wrestler

1973- Jack Davenport -English actor

1973- Anton Gunn -American politician

1973- Carlo Resoort -Dutch DJ and producer (4 Strings)

1973- Chris Webber -American basketball player

1974- Dmitri Budõlin -Estonian martial artist

1974- Stephen Davis (American football)|Stephen Davis -American football player

1974- Mark-Paul Gosselaar -American actor

1974- Shane Harwood -Australian cricketer

1975- Maya Kulenovic -Canadian painter

1975- Francesco Mazzariol -Italian rugby player

1975- Tate Stevens -American singer and guitarist

1976- Peter F. Bell -Australian footballer

1976- Dave Malkoff -American journalist

1976- Travis Kvapil -American race car driver

1976- Luke Mably -British actor

1977- Rens Blom -Dutch pole vaulter

1977- Esther Cañadas -Spanish actress and model

1978- Jensen Ackles -American actor and director

1978- Donovan Patton -Guamanian-American actor

1978- Alicia Leigh Willis -American actress

1979- Éowyn (band)|Éowyn -American singer-songwriter

1979- Mikkel Kessler -Danish boxer

1979- Bruno Langlois -Canadian cyclist

1980- Shahid Afridi -Pakistani cricketer

1980- Gennaro Bracigliano -French footballer

1980- Sercan Güvenışık -Turkish footballer

1980- Abdur Rehman (cricketer, born 1980)|Abdur Rehman -Pakistani cricketer

1980- Anna Semenovich -Russian ice dancer and singer

1980- Djimi Traoré -Malian footballer

1981- Ana Hickmann -Brazilian model

1981- Adam LaVorgna -American actor

1981- Will Power -Australian race car driver

1981- Brad Winchester -American ice hockey player

1982- Shalva Didebashvili -Georgian-German rugby player

1982- Juan Manuel Ortiz -Spanish footballer

1982- Kim Min-hee -South Korean actress and model

1983- Elán (recording artist)|Elán -Mexican singer-songwriter

1983- Daniel Carvalho -Brazilian footballer

1983- Dusty Dvoracek -American football player

1983- Chris Hackett -English footballer

1983- Blake Hawksworth -Canadian baseball player

1983- Lupita Nyong'o -Kenyan-Mexican actress

1983- Davey Richards -American wrestler

1984- Jacob Lillyman -Australian rugby player

1984- Naima Mora -American model

1984- Alexander Steen -Canadian-Swedish ice hockey player

1984- Anthony Tupou -Australian rugby player

1985- Jeremy Leman -American football player

1985- Andreas Ottl -German footballer

1985- Yun Ok-Hee -South Korean archer

1986- Big E Langston -American wrestler

1986- Jonathan Spector -American soccer player

1987- Kesha -American singer-songwriter

1987- Sammie -American singer-songwriter

1987- Vintage Crop -Irish race horse (d. 2014)

1988- Trevor Cahill -American baseball player

1988- Katija Pevec -American actress

1988- Yang Hyeon-Jong -South Korean baseball player

1989- Anjo Buckman -German rugby player

1989- Sonya Kitchell -American singer-songwriter

1989- Daniella Monet -American actress, singer, and dancer

1989- Carlos Vela -Mexican footballer

1990- Harry Eden -English actor

1990- Matthew Parr (figure skater)|Matthew Parr -English figure skater

1993- Josh McEachran -English footballer

1994- Justin Bieber -Canadian singer

1995- Jan Abaza -American tennis player

1995- Jonathan Krohn -American journalist

1996- Oleksandra Korashvili -Ukrainian tennis player

1996- Ye Shiwen -Chinese swimmer

History of Deaths

1131- Stephen II of Hungary -(b. 1101)

1233- Thomas I, Count of Savoy -(b. 1178)

1244- Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr -Welsh son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)

1320- Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan, Emperor Renzong of Yuan -(b. 1286)

1383- Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy -(b. 1334)

1510- Francisco de Almeida -Portuguese soldier and explorer (b. 1450)

1536- Bernardo Accolti -Italian poet (b. 1465)

1546- George Wishart -Scottish minister and martyr (b. 1513)

1620- Thomas Campion -English poet and composer (b. 1567)

1633- George Herbert -Welsh-English poet and priest (b. 1593)

1643- Girolamo Frescobaldi -Italian pianist and composer (b. 1583)

1661- Richard Zouch -English judge and politician (b. 1590)

1697- Francesco Redi -Italian physician (b. 1626)

1706- Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming -German field marshal and politician (b. 1632)

1734- Roger North (17th century)|Roger North -English lawyer and author (b. 1653)

1757- Edward Moore (dramatist)|Edward Moore -English playwright (b. 1712)

1768- Hermann Samuel Reimarus -German philosopher and author (b. 1694)

1773- Luigi Vanvitelli -Italian architect, designed the Palace of Caserta (b. 1700)

1777- Georg Christoph Wagenseil -Austrian composer (b. 1715)

1792- Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor -(b. 1747)

1825- John Haggin -American settler (b. 1753)

1841- Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno -French general (b. 1764)

1862- Peter Barlow (mathematician)|Peter Barlow -English mathematician and physicist (b. 1776)

1875- Tristan Corbière -French poet (b. 1845)

1879- Joachim Heer -Swiss politician (b. 1825)

1882- Theodor Kullak -German pianist, composer, and educator (b. 1818)

1884- Isaac Todhunter -English mathematician (b. 1820)

1895- Pauline Musters -Dutch-American dwarf (b. 1876)

1898- George Bruce Malleson -English colonel (b. 1825)

1906- José María de Pereda -Spanish author (b. 1833)

1911- Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff -Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)

1912- George Grossmith -English actor and singer (b. 1847)

1914- Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto -English-Canadian politician, 8th Governor General of Canada (b. 1845)

1920- John H. Bankhead -American politician (b. 1842)

1920- Joseph Trumpeldor -Russian soldier and activist (b. 1880)

1921- Nicholas I of Montenegro -(b. 1841)

1922- Rafael Moreno Aranzadi -Spanish footballer (b. 1892)

1924- Louis Perrée -French fencer (b. 1871)

1929- Royal Hurlburt Weller -American politician (b. 1881)

1932- Frank Teschemacher -American saxophonist and clarinet player (b. 1906)

1933- Uładzimir Zylka -Belarusian poet (b. 1900)

1936- Mikhail Kuzmin -Russian author and poet (b. 1871)

1938- Gabriele d'Annunzio -Italian journalist and politician (b. 1863)

1940- Anton Hansen Tammsaare -Estonian author (b. 1878)

1941- Lucien Mérignac -French fencer (b. 1873)

1942- George S. Rentz -American commander (b. 1882)

1943- Alexandre Yersin -Swiss-French physician and bacteriologist (b. 1863)

1952- Mariano Azuela -Mexican author (b. 1873)

1963- Irish Meusel -American baseball player and coach (b. 1893)

1965- Joseph-Eugène Limoges -Canadian bishop (b. 1879)

1966- Fritz Houtermans -Polish-German physicist and academic (b. 1903)

1970- Lucille Hegamin -American singer (b. 1894)

1974- Bobby Timmons -American pianist (The Jazz Messengers) (b. 1935)

1976- Jean Martinon -French conductor and composer (b. 1910)

1978- Paul Scott (novelist)|Paul Scott -English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1920)

1979- Mustafa Barzani -Iraqi-Kurdistan politician (b. 1903)

1980- Wilhelmina Cooper -Dutch-American model, founded Wilhelmina Models (b. 1940)

1980- Dixie Dean -English footballer (b. 1907)

1982- Frank Sargeson -New Zealand author (b. 1903)

1983- Arthur Koestler -Hungarian-English journalist and author (b. 1905)

1984- Jackie Coogan -American actor (b. 1914)

1984- Roland Culver -English actor (b. 1900)

1988- Joe Besser -American comedian and actor (b. 1907)

1989- Vasantdada Patil -Indian politician, 5th Chief Minister of Maharashtra(b. 1917)

1991- Edwin H. Land -American scientist and businessman, co-founded the Polaroid Corporation (b. 1909)

1995- Georges J. F. Köhler -German biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1946)

1995- Vladislav Listyev -Russian journalist (b. 1956)

1998- Archie Goodwin (comics)|Archie Goodwin -American author and illustrator (b. 1937)

1999- Christine Glanville -English puppeteer (b. 1924)

2001- Henry Wade -American lawyer (b. 1914)

2002- C. Farris Bryant -American politician, 34th List of Governors of Florida|Governor of Florida (b. 1914)

2004- Mian Ghulam Jilani -Pakistani general (b. 1914)

2005- Peter Malkin -Israeli secret agent (b. 1927)

2006- Harry Browne -American politician and author (b. 1933)

2006- Johnny Jackson (musician)|Johnny Jackson -American drummer (The Jackson 5) (b. 1951)

2006- Peter Osgood -English footballer (b. 1947)

2008- Raúl Reyes -Colombian guerrilla leader (b. 1948)

2010- Kristian Digby -English television host and director (b. 1977)

2012- Phillip R. Allen -American actor (b. 1939)

2012- Andrew Breitbart -American journalist and publisher (b. 1969)

2012- Jerome Courtland -American actor, director, and producer (b. 1926)

2012- Lucio Dalla -Italian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1943)

2012- Archie Kalokerinos -Australian physician (b. 1927)

2012- Altamir Heitor Martins -Brazilian footballer (b. 1980)

2012- Gemma McCluskie -English actress (b. 1983)

2012- Callan Pinckney -American fitness trainer (b. 1939)

2013- Magic (rapper)|Magic -American rapper (Body Head Bangerz) (b. 1975)

2013- Jewel Akens -American singer and producer (b. 1933)

2013- Campbell Armstrong -Scottish author and playwright (b. 1944)

2013- Bonnie Franklin -American actress (b. 1944)

2013- D. V. J. Harischandra -Sri Lankan psychiatrist and scholar (b. 1938)

2013- Naw Kham -Burmese drug lord (b. 1969)

2013- Ric Menello -American director and screenwriter (b. 1952)

2013- Don Scott (boxer)|Don Scott -English boxer (b. 1928)

2013- Alan Smith (RAF officer)|Alan Smith -English lieutenant and pilot (b. 1917)

2014- Nancy Charest -Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1959)

2014- Andy Gilpin -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1920)

2014- Alan Heyman -American-South Korean musicologist and composer (b. 1931)

2014- Bangaru Laxman -Indian politician (b. 1939)

2014- Les Layton -American baseball player (b. 1921)

2014- Alain Resnais -French director, cinematographer, and screenwriter (b. 1925)

2014- Alejandro Zaffaroni -Uruguayan-American chemist and businessman (b. 1923)