Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
226- Cao Pi -dies after an illness; his son Cao Rui succeeds him as emperor of the Kingdom of Wei.
1149- Raymond of Poitiers -is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din Zangi.
1194- Sverre of Norway|Sverre -is crowned King of Norway.
1444- Skanderbeg -defeats an Ottoman invasion force at Battle of Torvioll|Torvioll.
1534- Jacques Cartier -is the first Ethnic groups in Europe|European to reach Prince Edward Island.
1613-The Globe Theatre#Shakespeare's Globe Theatres|Globe Theatre -in London, England burns to the ground.
1644- Charles I of England -defeats a Roundhead|Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an England|English King on English soil.
1659-At the Battle of Konotop -the Ukraine|Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky defeat the Russians led by Aleksey Trubetskoy|Prince Trubetskoy.
1776-First privateer -battle of the American Revolutionary War fought at Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet|Turtle Gut Inlet near Cape May, New Jersey
1776-Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis -in what is now San Francisco, California.
1786- Alexander Macdonell (bishop)|Alexander Macdonell -and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
1807- Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812)|Russo-Turkish War -Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
1850- Autocephaly -officially granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Church of Greece.
1864-Ninety-nine people are killed in Canada -s worst St-Hilaire train disaster|railway disaster near Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec|St-Hilaire, Quebec.
1874-Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis -publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily ''Kairoi'' entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against George I of Greece|King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
1880- France -annexes Tahiti.
1881-In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad -declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam.
1888- George Edward Gouraud -records George Frideric Handel|Handel's ''Israel in Egypt'' onto a phonograph cylinder, thought for many years to be the oldest known recording of music.
1889- Hyde Park Township, Cook County, Illinois|Hyde Park -and several other Illinois townships vote to be annexed by Chicago, forming the largest United States city in area and second largest in population.
1895- Doukhobors -burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Russian Empire|Tsarist Russian government.
1914- Jina Guseva -attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
1916-The Irish Nationalism|Irish Nationalist -and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British diplomat Sir Roger Casement is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.
1922- France -grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes".
1926- Arthur Meighen -returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
1927-The '' Bird of Paradise (aircraft)|Bird of Paradise -', a U.S. Army Air Corps Fokker tri-motor, completes the first transpacific flight, from the mainland United States to Hawaii.
1927-First test of Wallace Turnbull -s controllable pitch propeller.
1928-The Outerbridge Crossing -and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York are both opened.
1945- Carpathian Ruthenia -is annexed by the Soviet Union.
1956-The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 -is signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.
1972-The U.S. Supreme Court -rules in the case ''Furman v. Georgia'' that arbitrary and inconsistent imposition of the death penalty violates the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Eighth and Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Fourteenth Amendments, and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.
1974- Isabel Perón -is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina|President of Argentina. Her husband, President Juan Peron, had delegated responsibility due to weak health and died two days later.
1974- Mikhail Baryshnikov -defects from the Soviet Union to Canada while on tour with the Kirov Ballet.
1975- Steve Wozniak -tested his first prototype of Apple I computer.
1976-The Seychelles -become independent from the United Kingdom.
1995- Space Shuttle program -STS-71 Mission (''Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis'') docks with the Mir|Russian space station ''Mir'' for the first time.
1995-The Sampoong Department Store collapse -in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.
2002- 2nd Battle of the Western Sea|Naval clashes -between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
2006-'' Hamdan v. Rumsfeld -': The U.S. Supreme Court rules that President George W. Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detention camp|Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violates U.S. and international law.
2007- Apple Inc. -releases its first mobile phone, the iPhone.
1136- Petronilla of Aragon -(d. 1173)
1398- John II of Aragon -(d. 1479)
1475- Beatrice d'Este -Italian wife of Ludovico Sforza (d. 1497)
1482- Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal -(d. 1517)
1517- Rembert Dodoens -Flemish physician and botanist (d. 1585)
1596- Emperor Go-Mizunoo -of Japan (d. 1680)
1746- Joachim Heinrich Campe -German linguist, educator, and author (d. 1818)
1793- Josef Ressel -Czech-Austrian inventor, invented the Propeller (marine)|propeller (d. 1857)
1798- Willibald Alexis -German author (d. 1871)
1798- Giacomo Leopardi -Italian poet and philosopher (d. 1837)
1803- John Newton Brown -American minister and author (d. 1868)
1818- Angelo Secchi -Italian astronomer and academic (d. 1878)
1819- Thomas Dunn English -American politician, author, and songwriter who had a feud with Edgar Allan Poe (d. 1902)
1844- Peter I of Serbia -(d. 1921)
1849- Pedro Montt -Chilean politician, 15th President of Chile (d. 1910)
1849- Sergei Witte -Russian politician, 1st List of heads of government of Russia|Chairmen of Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire (d. 1915)
1849- John Hunn (governor)|John Hunn -American businessman and politician, 51st Governor of Delaware (d. 1926)
1858- George Washington Goethals -American general and engineer, co-designed the Panama Canal (d. 1928)
1858- Julia Lathrop -American activist (d. 1932)
1861- William James Mayo -American physician, co-founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
1863- Wilbert Robinson -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1934)
1865- Shigechiyo Izumi -Japanese centenarian (d. 1986)
1868- George Ellery Hale -American astronomer and journalist (d. 1938)
1870- Joseph Carl Breil -American tenor, composer, and director (d. 1926)
1873- Leo Frobenius -German ethnologist and archaeologist (d. 1938)
1877- Ruurd Leegstra -Dutch rower (d. 1933)
1879- Benedetto Aloisi Masella -Italian cardinal (d. 1970)
1879- Zsigmond Móricz -Hungarian author (d. 1942)
1880- Ludwig Beck -German general (d. 1944)
1881- Harry Frazee -American director, producer, and agent (d. 1929)
1881- Curt Sachs -German-American composer and musicologist (d. 1959)
1882- Henry Hawtrey -English runner (d. 1961)
1882- Franz Seldte -German politician (d. 1947)
1886- Robert Schuman -Luxembourgian-French politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1963)
1886- James Van Der Zee -American photographer (d. 1983)
1888- Alexander Friedmann -Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1925)
1888- Squizzy Taylor -Australian gangster (d. 1927)
1889- Willie Macfarlane -Scottish golfer (d. 1961)
1890- Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper -Dutch super-centenarian (d. 2005)
1892- Henry Gerber -German-American activist, founded the Society for Human Rights (d. 1972)
1893- Aarre Merikanto -Finnish composer (d. 1958)
1893- Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis -Indian scientist, economist, and statistician (d. 1972)
1897- Fulgence Charpentier -Canadian journalist (d. 2001)
1898- Yvonne Lefébure -French pianist and educator (d. 1986)
1900- Antoine de Saint-Exupéry -French poet and pilot (d. 1944)
1901- Nelson Eddy -American singer and actor (d. 1967)
1903- Alan Blumlein -English engineer, developed the H2S radar (d. 1942)
1903- Paul Newlan -American actor (d. 1973)
1906- Ivan Chernyakhovsky -Ukrainian general (d. 1945)
1906- Heinz Harmel -German general (d. 2000)
1908- Leroy Anderson -American composer and conductor (d. 1975)
1908- Erik Lundqvist -Swedish javelin thrower (d. 1963)
1910- Frank Loesser -American composer and conductor (d. 1969)
1910- Burgess Whitehead -American baseball player (d. 1993)
1911- Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld -(d. 2004)
1911- Katherine DeMille -Canadian-American actress (d. 1995)
1911- Bernard Herrmann -American composer (d. 1975)
1912- José Pablo Moncayo -Mexican pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1958)
1912- Émile Peynaud -French oenologist (d. 2004)
1912- John Toland (author)|John Toland -American historian and author (d. 2004)
1913- Earle Meadows -American pole vaulter (d. 1992)
1914- Rafael Kubelík -Czech-American conductor and composer (d. 1996)
1914- Christos Papakyriakopoulos -Greek-American mathematician (d. 1976)
1916- Ruth Warrick -American actress and singer (d. 2005)
1919- Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada -Mexican cardinal (d. 2008)
1919- Slim Pickens -American actor (d. 1983)
1919- Lloyd Richards -Canadian-American actor and director (d. 2006)
1920- César Rodríguez Álvarez -Spanish footballer and manager (d. 1995)
1920- Ray Harryhausen -American animator and producer (d. 2013)
1920- Nicole Russell, Duchess of Bedford -(d. 2012)
1921- Frédéric Dard -French author and screenwriter (d. 2000)
1921- Jean Kent -English actress (d. 2013)
1921- Reinhard Mohn -German businessman (d. 2009)
1921- Harry Schell -American race car driver (d. 1960)
1922- Vasko Popa -Serbian poet (d. 1991)
1922- John William Vessey, Jr. -American general
1923- Chou Wen-chung -Chinese-American composer and educator
1924- Ezra Laderman -American composer and educator
1924- Flo Sandon's -Italian singer (d. 2006)
1925- Giorgio Napolitano -Italian politician, 11th President of Italy
1925- Chan Parker -American dancer and author (d. 1999)
1925- Hale Smith -American pianist and composer (d. 2009)
1925- Jackie Lynn Taylor -American actress (d. 2014)
1925- Cara Williams -American actress and singer
1926- Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah -Kuwaiti ruler, 3rd Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
1927- Pierre Perrault -Canadian director and screenwriter (d. 1999)
1928- Ian Bannen -Scottish actor (d. 1999)
1928- Jean-Louis Pesch -French author and illustrator
1928- Radius Prawiro -Indonesian economist and politician (d. 2005)
1929- Pat Crawford Brown -American actress
1929- Oriana Fallaci -Italian journalist and author (d. 2006)
1930- Robert Evans (producer)|Robert Evans -American actor and producer
1930- Viola Léger -American-Canadian actress and politician
1930- Sławomir Mrożek -Polish-French author and playwright (d. 2013)
1931- Ed Gilbert -American actor (d. 1999)
1932- Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton -Irish politician, Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland
1933- Bob Shaw (baseball)|Bob Shaw -American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)
1933- John Bradshaw (author)|John Bradshaw -American theologian and author
1934- Corey Allen -American actor, director, and producer (d. 2010)
1934- Chuck Schaden -American historian and radio host
1935- Vassilis C. Constantakopoulos -Greek captain and businessman (d. 2011)
1935- Sally Greengross, Baroness Greengross -English politician
1935- Katsuya Nomura -Japanese baseball player and manager
1936- Harmon Killebrew -American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)
1936- David Rudkin -English playwright and screenwriter
1939- Alan Connolly -Australian cricketer
1939- Lo Lieh -Hong Kong martial artist, actor, and director (d. 2002)
1939- Amarildo Tavares da Silveira -Brazilian footballer and coach
1940- Vyacheslav Artyomov -Russian composer
1940- John Dawes -Welsh rugby player and coach
1941- John Boccabella -American baseball player
1941- Stokely Carmichael -Trinidadian-American activist (d. 1998)
1941- Margitta Gummel -German shot putter
1942- Charlotte Bingham -English author and screenwriter
1942- Paul Lorieau -Canadian singer (d. 2013)
1942- Mike Willesee -Australian journalist
1943- Little Eva -American singer (d. 2003)
1944- Gary Busey -American actor and singer
1944- Andreu Mas-Colell -Spanish economist
1944- Seán Patrick O'Malley -American cardinal
1945- Chandrika Kumaratunga -Sri Lankan politician, 5th President of Sri Lanka
1946- Ernesto Pérez Balladares -Panamanian politician, 33rd President of Panama
1946- Egon von Fürstenberg -Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)
1947- Michael Carter (actor)|Michael Carter -Scottish actor
1947- Richard Lewis (comedian)|Richard Lewis -American comedian and actor
1948- Sean Bergin -South African-Dutch saxophonist and flute player (d. 2012)
1948- Fred Grandy -American actor and politician
1948- Ian Paice -English drummer, songwriter, and producer (Deep Purple and Paice Ashton Lord)
1948- Usha Prashar, Baroness Prashar -Kenyan-English politician
1949- Greg Burson -American voice actor (d. 2008)
1949- Joan Clos i Matheu -Spanish politician, 116th Mayor of Barcelona
1949- Dan Dierdorf -American football player and sportscaster
1949- George Howarth -English engineer and politician
1949- Ann Veneman -American politician, 27th United States Secretary of Agriculture
1950- Don Moen (singer)|Don Moen -American singer-songwriter and producer
1951- Don Rosa -American author and illustrator
1953- Don Dokken -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Dokken)
1953- Colin Hay -Scottish-Australian singer, guitarist, and actor (Men at Work)
1954- Rick Honeycutt -American baseball player and coach
1954- Leovegildo Lins da Gama Júnior -Brazilian footballer, coach, and manager
1955- Terence M. O'Sullivan -American activist
1955- Charles J. Precourt -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
1956- Nick Fry -English economist and businessman
1956- Pedro Guerrero (baseball)|Pedro Guerrero -Dominican-American baseball player and manager
1956- Pedro Santana Lopes -Portuguese politician, 118th Prime Minister of Portugal
1956- Michael McIntyre (sailor)|Michael McIntyre -Scottish sailor
1956- A. K. Shiva Kumar -Indian economist and academic
1956- Pyotr Vasilevsky -Belarusian footballer and manager (d. 2012)
1957- Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow -Turkmen politician, 2nd President of Turkmenistan
1957- María Conchita Alonso -Cuban-Venezuelan singer and actress
1957- Robert Forster (musician)|Robert Forster -Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Go-Betweens and Tuff Monks)
1957- Michael Nutter -American politician, 98th Mayor of Philadelphia
1958- Dieter Althaus -German politician
1958- Jeff Coopwood -American actor and singer
1958- Rosa Mota -Portuguese runner
1958- Mark Radcliffe -English singer and radio host (Shirehorses and The Family Mahone)
1958- Ralf Rangnick -German footballer and manager
1959- Buren Fowler -American guitarist (Drivin N Cryin) (d. 2014)
1961- Kimberlin Brown -American actress
1961- Greg Hetson -American singer and guitarist (Bad Religion, Circle Jerks, Black President (band)|Black President, and Redd Kross)
1961- Sharon Lawrence -American actress, singer, and dancer
1962- Amanda Donohoe -English actress
1962- Joan Laporta -Spanish lawyer and politician
1962- George D. Zamka -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
1963- Khalid El-Masri -Kuwaiti-German kidnapped victim
1963- Anne-Sophie Mutter -German violinist
1964- Stedman Pearson -English singer-songwriter and dancer (Five Star)
1965- Tripp Eisen -American guitarist (Static-X, Dope (band)|Dope, and Murderdolls)
1965- Panagiotis Karatzas (basketball)|Panagiotis Karatzas -Greek basketball player
1966- Yoko Kamio -Japanese author and illustrator
1966- John Part -Canadian darts player
1967- Jeff Burton -American race car driver
1967- Murray Foster -Canadian bass player (Moxy Früvous and Great Big Sea)
1967- Melora Hardin -American actress and singer
1967- Seamus McGarvey -Irish cinematographer
1968- Theoren Fleury -Canadian ice hockey player
1968- Judith Hoag -American actress and educator
1969- Claude Béchard -Canadian politician (d. 2010)
1969- Pavlos Dermitzakis -Greek footballer and manager
1969- Tōru Hashimoto -Japanese lawyer and politician
1969- Ilan Mitchell-Smith -American actor
1970- Melanie Paschke -German sprinter
1970- Emily Skinner -American actress and singer
1970- Mike Vallely -American skateboarder and actor
1971- Kaitlyn Ashley -American porn actress
1971- Matthew Good -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Matthew Good Band)
1971- Anthony Hamilton (snooker player)|Anthony Hamilton -English snooker player
1972- DJ Shadow -American DJ and producer (Unkle)
1972- Samantha Smith -American actress, author, and activist (d. 1985)
1972- Külli Tomingas -Estonian soprano
1972- Nawal Al Zoghbi -Lebanese singer
1973- George Hincapie -American cyclist
1976- Daniel Carlsson (rally driver)|Daniel Carlsson -Swedish race car driver
1976- Bret McKenzie -New Zealand guitarist, producer, and actor (Flight of the Conchords, The Black Seeds, and Wellington International Ukulele Orchestra)
1977- Sotiris Liberopoulos -Greek footballer
1977- Zuleikha Robinson -English actress and singer
1978- Sam Farrar -American singer and bass player (Phantom Planet)
1978- Nicole Scherzinger -American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (Pussycat Dolls and Eden's Crush)
1979- Barış Akarsu -Turkish singer and actor (d. 2007)
1979- Matthew Bode -Australian footballer
1979- Abz Love -English singer and DJ (Five (band)|Five)
1979- Andy O'Brien (footballer)|Andy O'Brien -English footballer
1979- Marleen Veldhuis -Dutch swimmer
1980- Katherine Jenkins -Welsh soprano
1980- Melissa Peachey -English television host
1980- Martin Truex Jr -American race car driver
1981- Nino (Greek singer)|Nino -Greek singer-songwriter
1981- Joe Johnson (basketball)|Joe Johnson -American basketball player
1981- Nicolás Vuyovich -Argentinian race car driver (d. 2005)
1982- Dusty Hughes (baseball)|Dusty Hughes -American baseball player
1982- Ott Sepp -Estonian actor and singer
1982- Matthew Mercer -American voice actor, director, and producer
1983- Aundrea Fimbres -American singer-songwriter and dancer (Danity Kane)
1983- Jeremy Powers -American cyclist
1984- Christopher Egan -Australian actor
1984- Han Ji-hye -South Korean actress
1984- Derek Lee Rock -American drummer (Mêlée (band)|Mêlée and Suburban Legends)
1984- Aleksandr Shustov -Rus