This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

226- Cao Pi -dies after an illness; his son Cao Rui succeeds him as emperor of the Kingdom of Wei.

1149- Raymond of Poitiers -is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din Zangi.

1194- Sverre of Norway|Sverre -is crowned King of Norway.

1444- Skanderbeg -defeats an Ottoman invasion force at Battle of Torvioll|Torvioll.

1534- Jacques Cartier -is the first Ethnic groups in Europe|European to reach Prince Edward Island.

1613-The Globe Theatre#Shakespeare's Globe Theatres|Globe Theatre -in London, England burns to the ground.

1644- Charles I of England -defeats a Roundhead|Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an England|English King on English soil.

1659-At the Battle of Konotop -the Ukraine|Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky defeat the Russians led by Aleksey Trubetskoy|Prince Trubetskoy.

1776-First privateer -battle of the American Revolutionary War fought at Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet|Turtle Gut Inlet near Cape May, New Jersey

1776-Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis -in what is now San Francisco, California.

1786- Alexander Macdonell (bishop)|Alexander Macdonell -and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.

1807- Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812)|Russo-Turkish War -Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.

1850- Autocephaly -officially granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Church of Greece.

1864-Ninety-nine people are killed in Canada -s worst St-Hilaire train disaster|railway disaster near Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec|St-Hilaire, Quebec.

1874-Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis -publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily ''Kairoi'' entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against George I of Greece|King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.

1880- France -annexes Tahiti.

1881-In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad -declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam.

1888- George Edward Gouraud -records George Frideric Handel|Handel's ''Israel in Egypt'' onto a phonograph cylinder, thought for many years to be the oldest known recording of music.

1889- Hyde Park Township, Cook County, Illinois|Hyde Park -and several other Illinois townships vote to be annexed by Chicago, forming the largest United States city in area and second largest in population.

1895- Doukhobors -burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Russian Empire|Tsarist Russian government.

1914- Jina Guseva -attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.

1916-The Irish Nationalism|Irish Nationalist -and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British diplomat Sir Roger Casement is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.

1922- France -grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes".

1926- Arthur Meighen -returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.

1927-The '' Bird of Paradise (aircraft)|Bird of Paradise -', a U.S. Army Air Corps Fokker tri-motor, completes the first transpacific flight, from the mainland United States to Hawaii.

1927-First test of Wallace Turnbull -s controllable pitch propeller.

1928-The Outerbridge Crossing -and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York are both opened.

1945- Carpathian Ruthenia -is annexed by the Soviet Union.

1956-The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 -is signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.

1972-The U.S. Supreme Court -rules in the case ''Furman v. Georgia'' that arbitrary and inconsistent imposition of the death penalty violates the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Eighth and Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Fourteenth Amendments, and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.

1974- Isabel Perón -is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina|President of Argentina. Her husband, President Juan Peron, had delegated responsibility due to weak health and died two days later.

1974- Mikhail Baryshnikov -defects from the Soviet Union to Canada while on tour with the Kirov Ballet.

1975- Steve Wozniak -tested his first prototype of Apple I computer.

1976-The Seychelles -become independent from the United Kingdom.

1995- Space Shuttle program -STS-71 Mission (''Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis'') docks with the Mir|Russian space station ''Mir'' for the first time.

1995-The Sampoong Department Store collapse -in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.

2002- 2nd Battle of the Western Sea|Naval clashes -between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.

2006-'' Hamdan v. Rumsfeld -': The U.S. Supreme Court rules that President George W. Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detention camp|Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violates U.S. and international law.

2007- Apple Inc. -releases its first mobile phone, the iPhone.

Famous Birthdays

1136- Petronilla of Aragon -(d. 1173)

1398- John II of Aragon -(d. 1479)

1475- Beatrice d'Este -Italian wife of Ludovico Sforza (d. 1497)

1482- Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal -(d. 1517)

1517- Rembert Dodoens -Flemish physician and botanist (d. 1585)

1596- Emperor Go-Mizunoo -of Japan (d. 1680)

1746- Joachim Heinrich Campe -German linguist, educator, and author (d. 1818)

1793- Josef Ressel -Czech-Austrian inventor, invented the Propeller (marine)|propeller (d. 1857)

1798- Willibald Alexis -German author (d. 1871)

1798- Giacomo Leopardi -Italian poet and philosopher (d. 1837)

1803- John Newton Brown -American minister and author (d. 1868)

1818- Angelo Secchi -Italian astronomer and academic (d. 1878)

1819- Thomas Dunn English -American politician, author, and songwriter who had a feud with Edgar Allan Poe (d. 1902)

1844- Peter I of Serbia -(d. 1921)

1849- Pedro Montt -Chilean politician, 15th President of Chile (d. 1910)

1849- Sergei Witte -Russian politician, 1st List of heads of government of Russia|Chairmen of Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire (d. 1915)

1849- John Hunn (governor)|John Hunn -American businessman and politician, 51st Governor of Delaware (d. 1926)

1858- George Washington Goethals -American general and engineer, co-designed the Panama Canal (d. 1928)

1858- Julia Lathrop -American activist (d. 1932)

1861- William James Mayo -American physician, co-founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)

1863- Wilbert Robinson -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1934)

1865- Shigechiyo Izumi -Japanese centenarian (d. 1986)

1868- George Ellery Hale -American astronomer and journalist (d. 1938)

1870- Joseph Carl Breil -American tenor, composer, and director (d. 1926)

1873- Leo Frobenius -German ethnologist and archaeologist (d. 1938)

1877- Ruurd Leegstra -Dutch rower (d. 1933)

1879- Benedetto Aloisi Masella -Italian cardinal (d. 1970)

1879- Zsigmond Móricz -Hungarian author (d. 1942)

1880- Ludwig Beck -German general (d. 1944)

1881- Harry Frazee -American director, producer, and agent (d. 1929)

1881- Curt Sachs -German-American composer and musicologist (d. 1959)

1882- Henry Hawtrey -English runner (d. 1961)

1882- Franz Seldte -German politician (d. 1947)

1886- Robert Schuman -Luxembourgian-French politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1963)

1886- James Van Der Zee -American photographer (d. 1983)

1888- Alexander Friedmann -Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1925)

1888- Squizzy Taylor -Australian gangster (d. 1927)

1889- Willie Macfarlane -Scottish golfer (d. 1961)

1890- Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper -Dutch super-centenarian (d. 2005)

1892- Henry Gerber -German-American activist, founded the Society for Human Rights (d. 1972)

1893- Aarre Merikanto -Finnish composer (d. 1958)

1893- Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis -Indian scientist, economist, and statistician (d. 1972)

1897- Fulgence Charpentier -Canadian journalist (d. 2001)

1898- Yvonne Lefébure -French pianist and educator (d. 1986)

1900- Antoine de Saint-Exupéry -French poet and pilot (d. 1944)

1901- Nelson Eddy -American singer and actor (d. 1967)

1903- Alan Blumlein -English engineer, developed the H2S radar (d. 1942)

1903- Paul Newlan -American actor (d. 1973)

1906- Ivan Chernyakhovsky -Ukrainian general (d. 1945)

1906- Heinz Harmel -German general (d. 2000)

1908- Leroy Anderson -American composer and conductor (d. 1975)

1908- Erik Lundqvist -Swedish javelin thrower (d. 1963)

1910- Frank Loesser -American composer and conductor (d. 1969)

1910- Burgess Whitehead -American baseball player (d. 1993)

1911- Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld -(d. 2004)

1911- Katherine DeMille -Canadian-American actress (d. 1995)

1911- Bernard Herrmann -American composer (d. 1975)

1912- José Pablo Moncayo -Mexican pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1958)

1912- Émile Peynaud -French oenologist (d. 2004)

1912- John Toland (author)|John Toland -American historian and author (d. 2004)

1913- Earle Meadows -American pole vaulter (d. 1992)

1914- Rafael Kubelík -Czech-American conductor and composer (d. 1996)

1914- Christos Papakyriakopoulos -Greek-American mathematician (d. 1976)

1916- Ruth Warrick -American actress and singer (d. 2005)

1919- Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada -Mexican cardinal (d. 2008)

1919- Slim Pickens -American actor (d. 1983)

1919- Lloyd Richards -Canadian-American actor and director (d. 2006)

1920- César Rodríguez Álvarez -Spanish footballer and manager (d. 1995)

1920- Ray Harryhausen -American animator and producer (d. 2013)

1920- Nicole Russell, Duchess of Bedford -(d. 2012)

1921- Frédéric Dard -French author and screenwriter (d. 2000)

1921- Jean Kent -English actress (d. 2013)

1921- Reinhard Mohn -German businessman (d. 2009)

1921- Harry Schell -American race car driver (d. 1960)

1922- Vasko Popa -Serbian poet (d. 1991)

1922- John William Vessey, Jr. -American general

1923- Chou Wen-chung -Chinese-American composer and educator

1924- Ezra Laderman -American composer and educator

1924- Flo Sandon's -Italian singer (d. 2006)

1925- Giorgio Napolitano -Italian politician, 11th President of Italy

1925- Chan Parker -American dancer and author (d. 1999)

1925- Hale Smith -American pianist and composer (d. 2009)

1925- Jackie Lynn Taylor -American actress (d. 2014)

1925- Cara Williams -American actress and singer

1926- Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah -Kuwaiti ruler, 3rd Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)

1927- Pierre Perrault -Canadian director and screenwriter (d. 1999)

1928- Ian Bannen -Scottish actor (d. 1999)

1928- Jean-Louis Pesch -French author and illustrator

1928- Radius Prawiro -Indonesian economist and politician (d. 2005)

1929- Pat Crawford Brown -American actress

1929- Oriana Fallaci -Italian journalist and author (d. 2006)

1930- Robert Evans (producer)|Robert Evans -American actor and producer

1930- Viola Léger -American-Canadian actress and politician

1930- Sławomir Mrożek -Polish-French author and playwright (d. 2013)

1931- Ed Gilbert -American actor (d. 1999)

1932- Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton -Irish politician, Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland

1933- Bob Shaw (baseball)|Bob Shaw -American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)

1933- John Bradshaw (author)|John Bradshaw -American theologian and author

1934- Corey Allen -American actor, director, and producer (d. 2010)

1934- Chuck Schaden -American historian and radio host

1935- Vassilis C. Constantakopoulos -Greek captain and businessman (d. 2011)

1935- Sally Greengross, Baroness Greengross -English politician

1935- Katsuya Nomura -Japanese baseball player and manager

1936- Harmon Killebrew -American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)

1936- David Rudkin -English playwright and screenwriter

1939- Alan Connolly -Australian cricketer

1939- Lo Lieh -Hong Kong martial artist, actor, and director (d. 2002)

1939- Amarildo Tavares da Silveira -Brazilian footballer and coach

1940- Vyacheslav Artyomov -Russian composer

1940- John Dawes -Welsh rugby player and coach

1941- John Boccabella -American baseball player

1941- Stokely Carmichael -Trinidadian-American activist (d. 1998)

1941- Margitta Gummel -German shot putter

1942- Charlotte Bingham -English author and screenwriter

1942- Paul Lorieau -Canadian singer (d. 2013)

1942- Mike Willesee -Australian journalist

1943- Little Eva -American singer (d. 2003)

1944- Gary Busey -American actor and singer

1944- Andreu Mas-Colell -Spanish economist

1944- Seán Patrick O'Malley -American cardinal

1945- Chandrika Kumaratunga -Sri Lankan politician, 5th President of Sri Lanka

1946- Ernesto Pérez Balladares -Panamanian politician, 33rd President of Panama

1946- Egon von Fürstenberg -Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)

1947- Michael Carter (actor)|Michael Carter -Scottish actor

1947- Richard Lewis (comedian)|Richard Lewis -American comedian and actor

1948- Sean Bergin -South African-Dutch saxophonist and flute player (d. 2012)

1948- Fred Grandy -American actor and politician

1948- Ian Paice -English drummer, songwriter, and producer (Deep Purple and Paice Ashton Lord)

1948- Usha Prashar, Baroness Prashar -Kenyan-English politician

1949- Greg Burson -American voice actor (d. 2008)

1949- Joan Clos i Matheu -Spanish politician, 116th Mayor of Barcelona

1949- Dan Dierdorf -American football player and sportscaster

1949- George Howarth -English engineer and politician

1949- Ann Veneman -American politician, 27th United States Secretary of Agriculture

1950- Don Moen (singer)|Don Moen -American singer-songwriter and producer

1951- Don Rosa -American author and illustrator

1953- Don Dokken -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Dokken)

1953- Colin Hay -Scottish-Australian singer, guitarist, and actor (Men at Work)

1954- Rick Honeycutt -American baseball player and coach

1954- Leovegildo Lins da Gama Júnior -Brazilian footballer, coach, and manager

1955- Terence M. O'Sullivan -American activist

1955- Charles J. Precourt -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut

1956- Nick Fry -English economist and businessman

1956- Pedro Guerrero (baseball)|Pedro Guerrero -Dominican-American baseball player and manager

1956- Pedro Santana Lopes -Portuguese politician, 118th Prime Minister of Portugal

1956- Michael McIntyre (sailor)|Michael McIntyre -Scottish sailor

1956- A. K. Shiva Kumar -Indian economist and academic

1956- Pyotr Vasilevsky -Belarusian footballer and manager (d. 2012)

1957- Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow -Turkmen politician, 2nd President of Turkmenistan

1957- María Conchita Alonso -Cuban-Venezuelan singer and actress

1957- Robert Forster (musician)|Robert Forster -Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Go-Betweens and Tuff Monks)

1957- Michael Nutter -American politician, 98th Mayor of Philadelphia

1958- Dieter Althaus -German politician

1958- Jeff Coopwood -American actor and singer

1958- Rosa Mota -Portuguese runner

1958- Mark Radcliffe -English singer and radio host (Shirehorses and The Family Mahone)

1958- Ralf Rangnick -German footballer and manager

1959- Buren Fowler -American guitarist (Drivin N Cryin) (d. 2014)

1961- Kimberlin Brown -American actress

1961- Greg Hetson -American singer and guitarist (Bad Religion, Circle Jerks, Black President (band)|Black President, and Redd Kross)

1961- Sharon Lawrence -American actress, singer, and dancer

1962- Amanda Donohoe -English actress

1962- Joan Laporta -Spanish lawyer and politician

1962- George D. Zamka -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut

1963- Khalid El-Masri -Kuwaiti-German kidnapped victim

1963- Anne-Sophie Mutter -German violinist

1964- Stedman Pearson -English singer-songwriter and dancer (Five Star)

1965- Tripp Eisen -American guitarist (Static-X, Dope (band)|Dope, and Murderdolls)

1965- Panagiotis Karatzas (basketball)|Panagiotis Karatzas -Greek basketball player

1966- Yoko Kamio -Japanese author and illustrator

1966- John Part -Canadian darts player

1967- Jeff Burton -American race car driver

1967- Murray Foster -Canadian bass player (Moxy Früvous and Great Big Sea)

1967- Melora Hardin -American actress and singer

1967- Seamus McGarvey -Irish cinematographer

1968- Theoren Fleury -Canadian ice hockey player

1968- Judith Hoag -American actress and educator

1969- Claude Béchard -Canadian politician (d. 2010)

1969- Pavlos Dermitzakis -Greek footballer and manager

1969- Tōru Hashimoto -Japanese lawyer and politician

1969- Ilan Mitchell-Smith -American actor

1970- Melanie Paschke -German sprinter

1970- Emily Skinner -American actress and singer

1970- Mike Vallely -American skateboarder and actor

1971- Kaitlyn Ashley -American porn actress

1971- Matthew Good -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Matthew Good Band)

1971- Anthony Hamilton (snooker player)|Anthony Hamilton -English snooker player

1972- DJ Shadow -American DJ and producer (Unkle)

1972- Samantha Smith -American actress, author, and activist (d. 1985)

1972- Külli Tomingas -Estonian soprano

1972- Nawal Al Zoghbi -Lebanese singer

1973- George Hincapie -American cyclist

1976- Daniel Carlsson (rally driver)|Daniel Carlsson -Swedish race car driver

1976- Bret McKenzie -New Zealand guitarist, producer, and actor (Flight of the Conchords, The Black Seeds, and Wellington International Ukulele Orchestra)

1977- Sotiris Liberopoulos -Greek footballer

1977- Zuleikha Robinson -English actress and singer

1978- Sam Farrar -American singer and bass player (Phantom Planet)

1978- Nicole Scherzinger -American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (Pussycat Dolls and Eden's Crush)

1979- Barış Akarsu -Turkish singer and actor (d. 2007)

1979- Matthew Bode -Australian footballer

1979- Abz Love -English singer and DJ (Five (band)|Five)

1979- Andy O'Brien (footballer)|Andy O'Brien -English footballer

1979- Marleen Veldhuis -Dutch swimmer

1980- Katherine Jenkins -Welsh soprano

1980- Melissa Peachey -English television host

1980- Martin Truex Jr -American race car driver

1981- Nino (Greek singer)|Nino -Greek singer-songwriter

1981- Joe Johnson (basketball)|Joe Johnson -American basketball player

1981- Nicolás Vuyovich -Argentinian race car driver (d. 2005)

1982- Dusty Hughes (baseball)|Dusty Hughes -American baseball player

1982- Ott Sepp -Estonian actor and singer

1982- Matthew Mercer -American voice actor, director, and producer

1983- Aundrea Fimbres -American singer-songwriter and dancer (Danity Kane)

1983- Jeremy Powers -American cyclist

1984- Christopher Egan -Australian actor

1984- Han Ji-hye -South Korean actress

1984- Derek Lee Rock -American drummer (Mêlée (band)|Mêlée and Suburban Legends)

1984- Aleksandr Shustov -Rus