This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


328-The official opening of Constantine's Bridge (Danube)|Constantine's Bridge -built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman Empire|Roman architect Theophilus Patricius

1295- Kingdom of Scotland|Scotland -and Kingdom of France|France form an alliance, the so-called "Auld Alliance", against England.

1316-The Duchy of Burgundy|Burgundian -and Kingdom of Majorca|Majorcan claimants of the Principality of Achaea meet in the Battle of Manolada

1594- Portuguese Empire|Portuguese -forces under the command of Pedro Lopes de Sousa begins an unsuccessful invasion of the Kingdom of Kandy during the Campaign of Danture in Sri Lanka.

1610- John Guy (governor)|John Guy -sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland (island)|Newfoundland.

1687- Isaac Newton -publishes ''Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica''.

1770-The Battle of Chesma -between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire begins.

1775-The Second Continental Congress -adopts the Olive Branch Petition.

1803-The Convention of Artlenburg -is signed, leading to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British king).

1809-The Battle of Wagram -is fought.

1811- Venezuela -declares independence from Spain.

1813- War of 1812 -Three weeks of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock, Buffalo, New York|Black Rock and Plattsburgh (city), New York|Plattsburgh, New York commence.

1833- Lê Văn Khôi -along with 27 soldiers stage a mutiny taking over the Citadel of Saigon|Phiên An citadel, developing into the Lê Văn Khôi revolt against Emperor Minh Mạng.

1833- Admiral -Charles John Napier|Charles Napier vanquishes the navy of the Kingdom of Portugal|Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1833)|Battle of Cape St. Vincent.

1878-The coat of arms -of the Baku Governorate is established.

1884- German Empire|Germany -takes possession of Kamerun|Cameroon.

1934-" 1934 West Coast waterfront strike|Bloody Thursday -

1935-The National Labor Relations Act -which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

1937- Spam (food)|Spam -the luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel|Hormel Foods Corporation.

1940- World War II -The United Kingdom and the Vichy France government break off diplomatic relations.

1941-World War II: Operation Barbarossa -Nazi Germany|German troops reach the Dnieper River.

1943-World War II: An Allies of World War II|Allied -invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky, July 10, 1943).

1943-World War II: German forces begin a massive offensive against the Soviet Union -at the Battle of Kursk, also known as Operation Citadel.

1945-World War II: The liberation of the Philippines -is declared.

1946-The bikini -goes on sale after debuting during an outdoor fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris, France.

1948- National Health Service -Acts creates the national public health systems in the United Kingdom.

1950- Korean War -Task Force Smith: American and North Korean forces first clash, in the Battle of Osan.

1950- Zionism -The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.

1954-The BBC -broadcasts its first television news bulletin.

1954-The Andhra Pradesh High Court -was established.

1954- Elvis Presley -records his first single, "That's All Right," at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee.

1962- Algeria -becomes independent from France.

1971- Right to vote -The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.

1973-A BLEVE -(Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, Kingman Explosion|kills eleven firefighters.

1975- Arthur Ashe -becomes the first black man to win the The Championships, Wimbledon|Wimbledon singles title.

1975- Cape Verde -gains its independence from Portugal.

1977- Military coup -in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown.

1987-The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam|LTTE -uses suicide attacks on the Sri Lankan Army for the first time. The Black Tigers were born and, in the following years, continued to kill with the tactic.

1989- Iran–Contra affair -Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service. His convictions were later overturned.

1995-The Armenia|Republic of Armenia -adopts its constitution, four years after its independence from the Soviet Union.

1996- Dolly (sheep)|Dolly the sheep -becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.

1999- Wolverhampton -England is hit by storms, including a tornado. The area was hit again with severe storms on August 1.

1999-U.S. President Bill Clinton -imposes trade and economic UN Security Council Resolution 1267|sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.

2004-The first Indonesian presidential election, 2004|Indonesian presidential election -is held.

2006- North Korea -North Korean missile test, 2006|tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly failed in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.

2009-A series of violent riots July 2009 Ürümqi riots|break out -in Ürümqi, the capital city of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China.

2009-The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon -gold ever discovered, consisting of more than 1,500 items, Staffordshire Hoard|is found near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield, in Staffordshire, England.

2012- The Shard -in London is inaugurated as the List of tallest buildings in Europe|tallest building in Europe, with a height of 310 metres (1,020 ft).

Famous Birthdays


465- Ahkal Mo' Naab' I -Mayan ruler (d. 524)

1029- Al-Mustansir Billah -Egyptian List of rulers of Egypt|Caliph (d. 1094)

1321- Joan of The Tower -Scottish wife of David II of Scotland (d. 1362)

1547- Garzia de' Medici -Tuscan son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1562)

1549- Francesco Maria del Monte -Italian cardinal (d. 1627)

1554- Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France -(d. 1592)

1586- Thomas Hooker -English-American settler, founded the Colony of Connecticut (d. 1647)

1653- Thomas Pitt -English businessman and politician (d. 1726)

1670- Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg -(d. 1748)

1675- Mary Walcott -American witness at the Salem witch trials (d. 1719)

1709- Étienne de Silhouette -French Controller-General of Finances (d. 1767)

1717- Peter III of Portugal -(d. 1786)

1718- Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford -English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1794)

1745- Carl Arnold Kortum -German physician (d. 1824)

1755- Sarah Siddons -Welsh-English actress (d. 1831)

1780- François Carlo Antommarchi -French physician (d. 1838)

1793- Pavel Pestel -Russian soldier (d. 1826)

1794- Sylvester Graham -American minister and activist (d. 1851)

1801- David Farragut -American admiral (d. 1870)

1802- Pavel Nakhimov -Russian admiral (d. 1855)

1805- Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte -English-American son of Jérôme Bonaparte (d. 1870)

1805- Robert FitzRoy -English captain, meteorologist, and politician, 2nd Governor of New Zealand (d. 1865)

1810- P. T. Barnum -American businessman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (d. 1891)

1820- William John Macquorn Rankine -Scottish physicist, mathematician, and engineer (d. 1872)

1829- Ignacio Mariscal -Mexican politician and diplomat, Secretary of Foreign Affairs (Mexico)|Secretary of Foreign Affairs for Mexico (d. 1910)

1832- Pavel Chistyakov -Russian painter and educator (d. 1919)

1841- William Collins Whitney -American financier and politician, 31st United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1904)

1849- William Thomas Stead -English journalist (d. 1912)

1853- Cecil Rhodes -English-South African businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (d. 1902)

1857- Clara Zetkin -German theorist and activist (d. 1933)

1860- Robert Bacon -American colonel and politician, 39th United States Secretary of State (d. 1919)

1872- Édouard Herriot -French politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1957)

1874- Eugen Fischer -German physician and academic (d. 1967)

1879- Dwight F. Davis -American tennis player and politician, 49th United States Secretary of War (d. 1945)

1879- Wanda Landowska -Polish-French harpsichord player (d. 1959)

1880- Jan Kubelík -Czech violinist and composer (d. 1940)

1880- Constantin Tănase -Romanian actor and playwright (d. 1945)

1882- Inayat Khan -Indian mystic and educator (d. 1927)

1883- Gustave Lanctot -Canadian historian, author, and academic (d. 1975)

1885- Blas Infante -Spanish historian and politician (d. 1936)

1885- André Lhote -French sculptor and painter (d. 1962)

1886- Willem Drees -Dutch accountant and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1988)

1888- Herbert Spencer Gasser -American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1963)

1889- Jean Cocteau -French author, poet, and playwright (d. 1963)

1890- Frederick Lewis Allen -American historian and journalist (d. 1954)

1891- John Howard Northrop -American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)

1891- Tin Ujević -Croatian poet (d. 1955)

1894- Ants Lauter -Estonian actor and director (d. 1973)

1895- Gordon Jacob -English composer (d. 1984)

1898- Georgios Grivas -Greek general (d. 1974)

1899- Marcel Achard -French playwright, screenwriter, and author (d. 1974)

1900- Yoshimaro Yamashina -Japanese ornithologist, founded the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology (d. 1989)

1902- Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. -American colonel and politician, 3rd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1985)

1903- Willem Peters -Dutch triple jumper (d. 1995)

1904- Harold Acton -English scholar and author (d. 1994)

1904- Ernst Mayr -German-American biologist and ornithologist (d. 2005)

1904- Milburn Stone -American actor (d. 1980)

1905- Myles Horton -American educator and activist (d. 1990)

1910- Georges Vedel -French lawyer and academic (d. 2002)

1911- Endel Aruja -Estonian-Canadian physicist (d. 2008)

1911- Giorgio Borġ Olivier -Maltese lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1980)

1911- Georges Pompidou -French politician, 19th President of France (d. 1974)

1912- Mack David -American songwriter (d. 1993)

1913- George Costakis -Russian art collector (d. 1990)

1913- Smiley Lewis -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1966)

1914- Gerda Gilboe -Danish actress and singer (d. 2009)

1915- John Woodruff -American runner (d. 2007)

1918- K. Karunakaran -Indian politician, 7th Chief Minister of Kerala (d. 2010)

1918- René Lecavalier -Canadian sportscaster (d. 1999)

1918- Zakaria Mohieddin -Egyptian general and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2012)

1918- George Rochberg -American composer and educator (d. 2005)

1920- Mary Louise Hancock -American politician

1921- Viktor Kulikov -Russian marshal (d. 2013)

1922- Bob Duffy (basketball, born 1922)|Bob Duffy -American basketball player

1924- Niels Jannasch -German-Canadian historian (d. 2001)

1924- János Starker -Hungarian-American cellist and educator (d. 2013)

1925- Fernando de Szyszlo -Peruvian painter and sculptor

1925- Jean Raspail -French author and explorer

1928- Pierre Mauroy -French educator and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2013)

1928- Warren Oates -American actor (d. 1982)

1929- Katherine Helmond -American actress and director

1929- Jiří Reynek -Czech poet and graphic artist (d. 2014)

1931- Ismail Mahomed -South African lawyer and politician, 17th Chief Justice of South Africa (d. 2000)

1931- John Ure (diplomat)|John Ure -English diplomat, British Ambassador to Sweden

1932- Howard Dorgan -American author and academic (d. 2012)

1932- Gyula Horn -Hungarian politician, 37th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 2013)

1932- Billy Laughlin -American actor (d. 1948)

1935- John Gilmore (writer)|John Gilmore -American journalist and author

1935- Fergus Millar -Scottish historian and academic

1935- John Schoenherr -American illustrator (d. 2010)

1936- Shirley Knight -American actress

1936- James Mirrlees -Scottish economist and academic, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate

1938- Ronnie Self -American singer-songwriter (d. 1981)

1939- Booker Edgerson -American football player

1940- Bud Andrews -American radio host and producer (d. 2014)

1940- Chuck Close -American painter and photographer

1942- Hannes Löhr -German footballer, coach, and manager

1943- Curt Blefary -American baseball player and coach (d. 2001)

1943- Mark Cox (tennis)|Mark Cox -English tennis player, coach and sportscaster

1943- Robbie Robertson -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (The Band)

1945- Humberto Benítez Treviño -Mexican lawyer and politician, Attorney General of México

1946- Pierre-Marc Johnson -Canadian lawyer, physician, and politician, 24th Premier of Quebec

1946- Paul Smith (fashion designer)|Paul Smith -English fashion designer

1946- Gerard 't Hooft -Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1946- Vladimir Mikhailovich Zakharov -Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 2013)

1947- Todd Akin -American soldier, engineer, and politician

1947- George Kunz -American football player

1948- William Hootkins -American actor (d. 2005)

1949- Ludwig G. Strauss -German physician and academic (d. 2013)

1950- Huey Lewis -American singer-songwriter and actor (Huey Lewis and the News and Clover (band)|Clover)

1950- Michael Monarch -American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Steppenwolf (band)|Steppenwolf, Detective (band)|Detective, and World Classic Rockers)

1950- Philip Terzian -American journalist and author

1951- Keiko Fuji -Japanese singer and actress (d. 2013)

1951- Goose Gossage -American baseball player

1951- Roger Wicker -American colonel, lawyer, and politician

1953- Elizabeth Emanuel -English fashion designer

1954- Leni Björklund -Swedish politician, 28th Minister for Defence (Sweden)|Minister of Defence for Sweden

1954- Jimmy Crespo -American guitarist and songwriter (Aerosmith and Stress (pop rock band)|Stress)

1954- Wayne Hale -American engineer

1954- Elżbieta Pierzchała -Polish politician

1954- John Wright (cricketer)|John Wright -New Zealand cricketer and coach

1955- Peter McNamara -Australian tennis player and coach

1956- Horacio Cartes -Paraguayan politician, President of Paraguay

1956- Terry Chimes -English drummer (The Clash, Generation X (band)|Generation X, Hanoi Rocks, and Cowboys International)

1956- Billy Jenkins -English guitarist and composer (Voice of God Collective)

1956- James Lofton -American football player and coach

1956- Patsy Pease -American actress

1957- David Hanson (politician)|David Hanson -English politician

1957- Anne Marie Morris -English politician

1957- Carlo Thränhardt -German high jumper

1957- Doug Wilson (ice hockey)|Doug Wilson -Canadian-American ice hockey player and manager

1958- Paul Daniel -English conductor

1958- Bill Watterson -American author and illustrator

1959- Marc Cohn -American singer-songwriter and keyboard player

1960- James M. Kelly (politician)|James M. Kelly -American politician

1960- Brad Loree -Canadian actor and stuntman

1960- Pruitt Taylor Vince -American actor

1961- Isabelle Poulenard -French soprano

1961- Patrizia Scianca -Italian voice actress

1962- Sarina Hülsenbeck -German swimmer

1962- Amrozi bin Nurhasyim -Indonesian terrorist (d. 2008)

1963- Edie Falco -American actress

1963- Russ Lorenson -American singer and actor

1963- Yasmin Qureshi -Pakistani-English politician

1963- Mark Stockwell -Australian swimmer

1963- Dorien Wilson -American actor

1964- Ronald D. Moore -American screenwriter and producer

1965- Kathryn Erbe -American actress

1965- Eyran Katsenelenbogen -Israeli pianist

1965- Julián Sotelo -Spanish javelin thrower

1966- Susannah Doyle -English actress, director, and playwright

1966- Claudia Wells -Malaysian-American actress

1966- Gianfranco Zola -Italian footballer and coach

1967- Silvia Ziche -Italian author and illustrator

1967- Vinod Raj -Indian actor, singer, and dancer

1968- Ken Akamatsu -Japanese illustrator

1968- Kenji Ito -Japanese composer

1968- Nardwuar the Human Serviette -Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player (The Evaporators)

1968- Hedi Slimane -French fashion designer

1968- Alex Zülle -Swiss cyclist

1968- Michael Stuhlbarg -American actor

1969- RZA -American rapper, producer, actor, and director (Wu-Tang Clan and Gravediggaz)

1969- Ansgar Brinkmann -German footballer

1969- Jenji Kohan -American screenwriter and producer

1969- Armin Kõomägi -Estonian author and screenwriter

1969- John LeClair -American ice hockey player

1970- Mac Dre -American rapper and producer, founded Thizz Entertainment (d. 2004)

1970- Valentí Massana -Spanish race walker

1971- Derek McInnes -Scottish footballer and manager

1971- Nicola Stephenson -English actress

1972- Matthew Birir -Kenyan runner

1972- Robert Esmie -Canadian sprinter

1973- Marcus Allbäck -Swedish footballer and coach

1973- Bengt Lagerberg -Swedish drummer (The Cardigans)

1973- Róisín Murphy -Irish singer-songwriter and producer (Moloko)

1973- Alexander Radčenko -Czech handball player

1973- René Spies -German bobsledder

1974- Márcio Amoroso -Brazilian footballer

1975- Hernán Crespo -Argentinian footballer

1975- Kip Gamblin -Australian dancer and actor

1975- Ai Sugiyama -Japanese tennis player

1976- Bizarre (rapper)|Bizarre -American rapper (D12 and Outsidaz)

1976- Nuno Gomes -Portuguese footballer

1977- Royce da 5'9" -American rapper and producer (Bad Meets Evil and Slaughterhouse (group)|Slaughterhouse)

1977- Nicolas Kiefer -German tennis player

1978- Britta Oppelt -German rower

1978- Allan Simonsen (racing driver)|Allan Simonsen -Danish race car driver (d. 2013)

1979- Tim Coly -German rugby player

1979- Shane Filan -Irish singer-songwriter (Westlife)

1979- Amélie Mauresmo -French tennis player

1979- Stiliyan Petrov -Bulgarian footballer and manager

1980- Pauly D -American DJ

1980- Eirini Kavarnou -Greek swimmer

1980- David Rozehnal -Czech footballer

1980- Mads Tolling -Danish-American violinist and composer (Turtle Island Quartet)

1980- Jason Wade -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Lifehouse (band)|Lifehouse)

1981- Gianne Albertoni -Brazilian model and actress

1981- Jesse Crain -Canadian baseball player

1981- Ryan Hansen -American actor

1982- Paíto -Mozambican footballer

1982- Alain Arroyo -Spanish footballer

1982- Chris Bailey (rugby league)|Chris Bailey -Australian rugby player

1982- Vitaliy Borisov -Azerbaijani footballer

1982- Tuba Büyüküstün -Turkish actress

1982- Julien Casoli -French sprinter

1982- Monica Day -American model and journalist

1982- Fabrício de Souza -Brazilian footballer

1982- Alexander Dimitrenko -German boxer

1982- Vladimir Fedotov (footballer, born 1982)|Vladimir Fedotov -Russian footballer

1982- Julien Féret -French footballer

1982- Joey Foster -English race car driver

1982- Lionel Gautherie -French rugby player

1982- Alberto Gilardino -Italian footballer

1982- Philippe Gilbert -Belgian cyclist

1982- Kate Gynther -Australian water polo player

1982- Dave Haywood -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Lady Antebellum)

1982- Yury Ivanov (footballer b. 1982)|Yuri Ivanov -Bulgarian footballer

1982- Tony Jackson (American football)|Tony Jackson -American football player

1982- Mohammad Keshavarz -Iranian footballer

1982- Tamer Moustafa -Egyptian basketball player

1982- Junri Namigata -Japanese tennis player

1982- Javier Paredes -Spanish footballer

1982- Szabolcs Perenyi -Romanian-Hungarian footballer

1982- Leon Sharf -Ukrainian footballer

1982- Rubén Taucare -Chilean footballer

1982- Beno Udrih -Slovenian basketball player

1982- Aaron Wagner -Canadian football player

1982- Ata Yamrali -Afghan-German footballer

1983- Marco Estrada (baseball)|Marco Estrada -Mexican baseball player

1983- Jonás Gutiérrez -Argentinian footballer

1983- Zheng Jie -Chinese tennis player

1983- Taavi Peetre -Estonian shot putter (d. 2010)

1984- Danay García -Cuban-American actress

1984- Zack Miller -American golfer

1984- Marion Thees -German Skeleton (sport)|skeleton racer

1984- Yu Yamada -Japanese model, actress, and singer

1985- Stephanie McIntosh -Australian singer and actress

1985- Nick O'Malley -English bass player (Arctic Monkeys)

1985- Lucía Pérez -Spanish singer

1985- Alexandre R. Picard -Canadian ice hockey player

1985- Megan Rapinoe -American football player

1986- Piermario Morosini -Italian footballer (d. 2012)

1986- Alexander Radulov -Russian ice hockey player

1986- Adam Young -American singer-songwriter and producer (Owl City and Sky Sailing)

1987- Andrija Kaluđerović -Serbian footballer

1988- Adriano Buzaid -Brazilian race car driver

1988- Vincent Chepkok -Kenyan runner

1988- Martin Liivamägi -Estonian swimmer

1988- Samir Ujkani -Albanian footballer

1989- Georgios Efrem -Cypriot footballer

1989- Alona Fomina -Ukrainian tennis player

1989- Dwight King -Canadian ice hockey player

1989- Joseph King (musician)|Joseph King -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Canvas (band)|Canvas and Deadbeat Darling)

1989- Sjinkie Knegt -Dutch speed skater

1989- Dejan Lovren -Croatian footballer

1989- Sean O'Pry -American model

1990- Abeba Aregawi -Ethiopian-Swedish runner

1991- Jason Dolley -American actor

1992- Chiara Scholl -American tennis player

1992- Alberto Moreno (footballer)|Alberto Moreno -Spanish footballer

1993- Hollie Cavanagh -English-American singer

1993- Yaroslav Kosov -Russian ice hockey player

1995- Jouki Tikkanen -Finnish rhythmic gymnast

1996- Dolly (sheep)|Dolly -Scottish sheep (d. 2003)

History of Deaths


967- Emperor Murakami -of Japan (b. 926)

1316- Ferdinand of Majorca -(b. 1278)

1375- Charles III, Count of Alençon -(b. 1337)

1507- Crinitus -Florentine scholar (b. 1475)

1539- Anthony Maria Zaccaria -Italian saint (b. 1502)

1666- Albert VI, Duke of Bavaria -(b. 1584)

1676- Carl Gustaf Wrangel -Swedish commander and politician (b. 1613)

1715- Charles Ancillon -French jurist and diplomat (b. 1659)

1719- Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg -German-English general (b. 1641)

1773- Francisco José Freire -Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)

1819- William Cornwallis -English admiral and politician (b.1744)

1826- Stamford Raffles -English politician, founded Singapore (b. 1782)

1833- Nicéphore Niépce -French inventor, created the first known View from the Window at Le Gras|photograph (b. 1765)

1859- Charles Cagniard de la Tour -French physicist and engineer (b. 1777)

1862- Heinrich Georg Bronn -German geologist and paleontologist (b. 1800)

1863- Lewis Armistead -American general (b. 1817)

1884- Victor Massé -French composer (b. 1822)

1908- Jonas Lie -Norwegian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1833)

1920- Max Klinger -German painter and sculptor (b. 1857)

1927- Albrecht Kossel -German physician and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)

1929- Henry Lincoln Johnson -American sergeant (b. 1897)

1932- Sasha Chorny -Russian poet and author (b. 1880)

1935- Bernard de Pourtalès -Swiss captain and sailor (b. 1870)

1937- Daniel Sawyer -American golfer (b. 1884)

1945- John Curtin -Australian politician, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)

1948- Georges Bernanos -French soldier and author (b. 1888)

1948- Carole Landis -American actress and singer (b. 1919)

1957- anugrah Narayan Sinha -Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar (b. 1887)

1957- Charles Sherwood Noble -American inventor (b. 1873)

1965- Porfirio Rubirosa -Dominican race car driver, polo player, and diplomat (b. 1909)

1966- George de Hevesy -Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)

1969- Wilhelm Backhaus -German pianist and educator (b. 1884)

1969- Walter Gropius -German architect, designed the John F. Kennedy Federal Building and Werkbund Exhibition (1914)|Werkbund Exhibition (b. 1883)

1969- Tom Mboya -Kenyan politician, 1st Minister of Justice (Kenya)|Minister of Justice for Kenya (b. 1930)

1969- Leo McCarey -American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1898)

1975- Gilda dalla Rizza -Italian soprano (b. 1892)

1983- Harry James -American trumpet player and actor (b. 1916)

1991- Howard Nemerov -American poet (b. 1920)

1995- Jüri Järvet -Estonian actor (b. 1919)

1997- Mrs. Elva Miller -American singer (b. 1907)

1998- Sid Luckman -American football player (b. 1916)

2001- Ernie K-Doe -American singer (b. 1936)

2002- Katy Jurado -Mexican actress (b. 1924)

2002- Ted Williams -American baseball player and manager (b. 1918)

2004- Hugh Shearer -Jamaican politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923)

2004- Rodger Ward -American race car driver (b. 1921)

2005- Shirley Goodman -American singer (Shirley & Company) (b. 1936)

2005- James Stockdale -American admiral (b. 1923)

2006- Gert Fredriksson -Swedish canoe racer (b. 1919)

2006- Thirunalloor Karunakaran -Indian poet and scholar (b. 1924)

2006- Kenneth Lay -American businessman (b. 1942)

2006- Amzie Strickland -American actress (b. 1919)

2006- Don Lusher -English trombonist (b. 1923)

2007- Régine Crespin -French soprano (b. 1927)

2007- Kerwin Mathews -American actor (b. 1926)

2007- George Melly -English singer-songwriter and critic (b. 1926)

2008- Hasan Doğan -Turkish businessman (b. 1956)

2010- Bob Probert -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1965)

2011- Cy Twombly -American painter (b. 1928)

2012- Rob Goris -Belgian cyclist (b. 1982)

2012- Gerrit Komrij -Dutch author, poet, and playwright (b. 1944)

2012- Colin Marshall, Baron Marshall of Knightsbridge -English businessman and politician (b. 1933)

2012- Bob Rowland Smith -American politician (b. 1925)

2012- Ruud van Hemert -Dutch actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1938)

2013- Bud Asher -American lawyer and politician (b. 1925)

2013- David Cargo -American politician, 22nd Governor of New Mexico (b. 1929)

2013- Paul Couvret -Dutch-Australian pilot and politician (b. 1922)

2013- Jean Guy -American wife of William L. Guy (b. 1922)

2013- James McCoubrey -Canadian-American super-centenarian (b. 1901)

2013- Ama Quiambao -Filipino actress (b. 1947)

2013- Daniel Wegner -Canadian-American psychologist and educator (b. 1948)

2013- Lambert Jackson Woodburne -South African admiral (b. 1939)

2014- Sharifah Aini -Malaysian singer (b. 1953)

2014- Pedro DeBrito -Cape Verdean-American soccer player (b. 1959)

2014- Elsbeth Juda -German-English photographer (b. 2011)

2014- Rosemary Murphy -German-American actress (b. 1925)

2014- Volodymyr Sabodan -Ukrainian metropolitan (b. 1935)

2014- Hans-Ulrich Wehler -German historian and academic (b. 1931)

2014- Brett Wiesner -American soccer player (b. 1983)