This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

362 BC- Battle of Mantinea (362 BC)|Battle of Mantinea -The Thebes, Greece|Thebans, led by Epaminondas, defeated the Spartans.

414-Emperor Theodosius II -age 13, yields power to his older sister Pulcheria|Aelia Pulcheria, who reigned as regent and proclaimed herself empress (''Augusta (honorific)|Augusta'') of the Byzantine Empire|Eastern Roman Empire.

836-'' Pactum Sicardi -', a peace treaty between the Duchy of Benevento|Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples, is signed.

993- Ulrich of Augsburg -is Canonization|canonized as a saint.

1054-A SN 1054|supernova -is seen by Song Dynasty|Chinese, Arab and possibly Indigenous Peoples of the Americas|Amerindian observers near the star Zeta Taurus (constellation)|Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.

1120- Jordan II of Capua -is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death.

1187- Crusades|The Crusades -Battle of Hattin: Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, Kings of Jerusalem|King of Jerusalem.

1253-Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes -defeats Guy of Dampierre.

1359- Francesco II Ordelaffi -of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz|Gil de Albornoz.

1456- Ottoman wars in Europe -The Siege of Belgrade (1456)|Siege of Nándorfeqhérvár (Belgrade) begins.

1534- Election of Christian III|Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway -in the town of Old Rye|Rye.

1610-The Battle of Klushino -is fought between forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Tsardom of Russia|Russia during the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618)|Polish-Muscovite War.

1634-The city of Trois-Rivières -is founded in New France (now Quebec, Canada)

1744-The Treaty of Lancaster -in which the Iroquois cedes lands between the Allegheny Mountains and the Ohio River to the British colonies, was signed in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

1754- French and Indian War -George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity National Battlefield|Fort Necessity to French Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers.

1774- Orangetown Resolutions -are adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the Parliament of Great Britain|British Parliament's Coercive Acts

1776- American Revolution -The United States Declaration of Independence is adopted by the Second Continental Congress. Image:Declaration independence.jpg|thumb|200px|The United States Declaration of Independence|United States declared its independence in 1776.

1778- American Revolutionary War -American forces under George Rogers Clark|George Clark capture Kaskaskia, Illinois|Kaskaskia during the Illinois campaign.

1802-At West Point, New York -the United States Military Academy opens.

1803-The Louisiana Purchase -is announced to the American people.

1817-In Rome, New York -construction on the Erie Canal begins.

1826- Thomas Jefferson -third president of the United States, dies the same day as John Adams, second president of the United States, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence.

1827- Slavery -is abolished in New York|New York State.

1831- Samuel Francis Smith -writes My Country, 'Tis of Thee for the Boston, Massachusetts July 4 festivities.

1837- Grand Junction Railway -the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.

1838-The Iowa Territory -is organized.

1855-In Brooklyn -New York City, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, ''Leaves of Grass'', is published.

1862- Lewis Carroll -tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into ''Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'' and its sequels.

1863- American Civil War -Siege of Vicksburg: Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege. One hundred fifty miles up the Mississippi River, a Confederate Army was repulsed at the Battle of Helena, Arkansas.

1863-American Civil War: The Army of Northern Virginia -Battle of Gettsyburg#Confederate retreat|withdrew from the battlefield after losing the Battle of Gettysburg, signalling an end to the Confederate States of America|Southern Gettysburg Campaign|invasion of the Northern United States|North.

1865-'' Alice's Adventures in Wonderland -' is published.

1878-Thoroughbred horses Ten Broeck -and Mollie McCarty run a Ten Broeck - Mollie McCarty match race|match race, recalled in the song Molly and Tenbrooks.

1879- Anglo-Zulu War -The Zululand capital of Ulundi is captured by British troops and burned to the ground, ending the war and forcing King Cetshwayo to flee.

1881-In Alabama -the Tuskegee Institute opens.

1886-The people of France offer the Statue of Liberty -to the people of the United States.

1886-The first scheduled Canadian transcontinental train arrives in Port Moody -British Columbia.

1887-The founder of Pakistan -Jinnah|Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.

1892- Western Samoa -changes the International Date Line, so that year it had 367 days, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4.

1894-The short-lived Republic of Hawaii -is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.

1903- Philippine–American War -officially is concluded.

1903- Dorothy Levitt -is reported as the first English woman to compete in a 'motor race'.

1910- African-American -boxer Jack Johnson (boxer)|Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer James J. Jeffries|Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match, sparking race riots across the United States.

1911-A 1911 Eastern North America heat wave|massive heat wave -strikes the northeastern United States, killing 380 people in eleven days and breaking temperature records in several cities.

1913- President of the United States|President -Woodrow Wilson addresses American Civil War veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913.

1914-The funeral of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria|Archduke Franz Ferdinand -and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg|Sophie takes place in Vienna, six days after their assassinations in Sarajevo.

1918- Ottoman sultan -Mehmed VI ascended to the throne.

1918- World War I -The Battle of Hamel, a successful attack by the Australian Corps against German positions near the town of Le Hamel, Somme|Le Hamel on the Western Front (World War I)|Western Front.

1918- Bolshevik -killed Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (Julian calendar date).

1926- Knoebels Amusement Resort -is opened in Elysburg, Pennsylvania.

1927-The Lockheed Vega -first flew.

1934- Leo Szilard -patented the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.

1939- Lou Gehrig -recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, informs a crowd at Yankee Stadium (1923)|Yankee Stadium that he considered himself "The luckiest man on the face of the earth", then announces his retirement from major league baseball.

1939- Huỳnh Phú Sổ -founds Hòa Hảo|Hòa Hảo Buddhism.

1941- Nazi Germany|Nazi -troops Massacre of Lwów professors|massacre Polish scientists and writers in the captured Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic|Ukrainian city of Lviv.

1941- World War II -the Burning of the Riga synagogues: the Great Choral Synagogue in German occupied Riga was burned with 300 Jews locked in the basement.

1942- World War II -the 250 day Siege of Sevastopol (1941–42)|Siege of Sevastopol in the Crimea ends when the city falls to Axis powers|Axis forces.

1943- World War II -The Battle of Kursk, the largest full-scale battle in history and the world's largest tank battle, begins in Prokhorovka village.

1943-World War II: In Gibraltar -a Royal Air Force Consolidated B-24 Liberator|B-24 Liberator bomber 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash|crashes into the sea in an apparent accident moments after takeoff, killing sixteen passengers on board; only the pilot survives.

1946-After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule by various powers, the Philippines -attains full independence from the United States.

1947-The "Indian Independence Bill" is presented before the House of Commons of the United Kingdom|British House of Commons -proposing the independence of the Presidencies and provinces of British India|Provinces of British India into two sovereign countries: India and Pakistan.

1950- Radio Free Europe -first broadcasts.

1951-A court in Czechoslovak Socialist Republic|Czechoslovakia -sentences American journalist William N. Oatis to ten years in prison on charges of espionage.

1951- William Shockley -announced the invention of the Bipolar junction transistor|junction transistor.

1960-Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state -on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, almost ten and a half months later (see Flag Act).

1966- President of the United States|U.S. President -Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act (United States)|Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act went into effect the next year.

1976- Israel Defense Forces|Israeli commandos -Operation Entebbe|raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all but four of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.

1977-The George Jackson Brigade -plants a bomb at the main power substation for the Washington (state)|Washington state capitol in Olympia, Washington|Olympia, in solidarity with a prison strike at the Walla Walla State Penitentiary Intensive Security Unit

1982-Four Iran|Iranian -diplomats Iranian diplomats kidnapping (1982)|are abducted by Lebanese militia in Lebanon.

1987-In France, former Gestapo -chief Klaus Barbie (aka the "Butcher of Lyon") is convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1994- Rwandan Genocide -Kigali, the Rwandan capital, is captured by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, ending the genocide in the city.

1997- NASA -s Mars Pathfinder|Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.

1998- Japan -launches the Nozomi (spacecraft)|Nozomi probe to Mars, joining the United States and Russia as a outer space|space exploring nation.

2004-The cornerstone of the One World Trade Center|Freedom Tower -is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City.

2005-The Deep Impact (spacecraft)|Deep Impact -collider hits the comet Tempel 1.

2009-The Statue of Liberty -s crown reopens to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11 attacks.

2012-The discovery of particles consistent with the Higgs boson -at the Large Hadron Collider is announced at CERN.

Famous Birthdays

68- Salonina Matidia -Roman daughter of Ulpia Marciana (d. 119)

1330- Ashikaga Yoshiakira -Japanese shogun (d. 1367)

1546- Murad III -Ottoman sultan (d. 1595)

1694- Louis-Claude Daquin -French organist and composer (d. 1772)

1715- Christian Fürchtegott Gellert -German poet and academic (d. 1769)

1719- Michel-Jean Sedaine -French playwright (d. 1797)

1790- George Everest -Welsh surveyor and geographer (d. 1866)

1799- Oscar I of Sweden -(d. 1859)

1804- Nathaniel Hawthorne -American author (d. 1864)

1807- Giuseppe Garibaldi -Italian general and politician (d. 1882)

1816- Hiram Walker -American businessman, founded Canadian Club|Canadian club whiskey (d. 1899)

1826- Stephen Foster -American songwriter (d. 1864)

1845- Thomas John Barnardo -Irish philanthropist and humanitarian (d. 1905)

1847- James Anthony Bailey -American circus ringmaster, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (d. 1906)

1854- Victor Babeș -Romanian physician and biologist (d. 1926)

1854- Bill Tilghman -American police officer (d. 1924)

1867- Stephen Mather -American businessman (d. 1930)

1868- Henrietta Swan Leavitt -American astronomer and academic (d. 1921)

1868- Johannes van Dijk -Dutch rower (d. 1938)

1872- Calvin Coolidge -American lawyer and politician, 30th President of the United States (d. 1933)

1874- John McPhee (politician)|John McPhee -Australian politician, 27th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1952)

1881- Ulysses S. Grant III -American general (d. 1968)

1882- Louis B. Mayer -Belarusian-American film producer, founded the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (d. 1957)

1883- Rube Goldberg -American sculptor, cartoonist, and engineer (d. 1970)

1887- Pio Pion -Italian businessman (d. 1965)

1888- Henry Armetta -Italian-American actor and singer (d. 1945)

1895- Irving Caesar -American songwriter and composer (d. 1996)

1896- Mao Dun -Chinese journalist, author, and critic (d. 1981)

1897- Alluri Sita Rama Raju -Indian activist (d. 1924)

1898- Pilar Barbosa -Puerto Rican historian and activist (d. 1997)

1898- Gertrude Lawrence -English-American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1952)

1902- Meyer Lansky -Belarusian-American gangster (d. 1983)

1902- George Murphy -American actor and politician (d. 1992)

1903- Flor Peeters -Belgian organist, composer, and educator (d. 1986)

1904- Angela Baddeley -English actress (d. 1976)

1905- Irving Johnson -American sailor and author (d. 1991)

1905- Lionel Trilling -American author, critic, and educator (d. 1975)

1907- John Anderson (athlete)|John Anderson -American discus thrower (d. 1948)

1907- Gordon Griffith -American actor, director, and producer (d. 1958)

1907- Howard Taubman -American author and critic (d. 1996)

1910- Robert K. Merton -American sociologist and scholar (d. 2003)

1910- Gloria Stuart -American actress and singer (d. 2010)

1911- Mitch Miller -American singer and producer (d. 2010)

1912- Viviane Romance -French actress and producer (d. 1991)

1916- Iva Toguri D'Aquino -American typist and broadcaster (d. 2006)

1917- Manolete -Spanish bullfighter (d. 1947)

1918- Eppie Lederer -American journalist (d. 2002)

1918- Johnnie Parsons -American race car driver (d. 1984)

1918- Pauline Phillips -American journalist and radio host, created Dear Abby (d. 2013)

1918- Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV -of Tonga (d. 2006)

1920- Norm Drucker -American basketball player and referee

1920- Leona Helmsley -American businesswoman (d. 2007)

1920- Fritz Wilde -German footballer and manager (d. 1977)

1921- Gérard Debreu -French economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)

1921- Philip Rose (theatrical producer)|Philip Rose -American actor, playwright, and producer (d. 2011)

1921- Tibor Varga (violinist)|Tibor Varga -Hungarian violinist and conductor (d. 2003)

1923- Rudolf Friedrich -Swiss lawyer and politician (d. 2013)

1924- Eva Marie Saint -American actress and producer

1926- Alfredo Di Stéfano -Argentinian-Spanish footballer and coach (d. 2014)

1926- Lake Underwood -American race car driver and businessman (d. 2008)

1927- Gina Lollobrigida -Italian actress and photographer

1927- Neil Simon -American playwright and screenwriter

1928- Giampiero Boniperti -Italian footballer and politician

1928- Shan Ratnam -Sri Lankan physician and academic (d. 2001)

1928- Chuck Tanner -American baseball player and manager (d. 2011)

1929- Peter Angelos -American lawyer and businessman

1929- Al Davis -American football player, coach, and manager (d. 2011)

1929- Bill Tuttle -American baseball player (d. 1998)

1930- Frunzik Mkrtchyan -Armenian actor (d. 1993)

1930- George Steinbrenner -American businessman (d. 2010)

1930- Yuri Tyukalov -Russian rower

1931- Stephen Boyd -Irish-American actor (d. 1977)

1931- Rick Casares -American football player (d. 2013)

1931- Lawrie Dring -Scottish scout leader, founded World Federation of Independent Scouts (d. 2012)

1931- Sébastien Japrisot -French author, director, and screenwriter (d. 2003)

1932- Aurèle Vandendriessche -Belgian runner

1934- Yvonne B. Miller -American politician (d. 2012)

1934- Colin Welland -English actor and screenwriter

1935- Paul Scoon -Grenadian politician, 2nd Governor-General of Grenada (d. 2013)

1936- Zdzisława Donat -Polish soprano

1937- Thomas Nagel -American philosopher and educator

1937- Richard Rhodes -American journalist and historian

1938- Steven Rose -English biologist and academic

1938- Bill Withers -American singer-songwriter and producer

1938- John Sterling (sportscaster)|John Sterling -American sportscaster

1940- Karolyn Grimes -American actress

1940- Janet Neel Cohen, Baroness Cohen of Pimlico -English lawyer and author

1940- Dave Rowberry -English pianist and songwriter (The Animals) (d. 2003)

1940- Pat Stapleton (ice hockey)|Pat Stapleton -Canadian ice hockey player

1941- Sam Farr -American politician

1941- Sergio Oliva -Cuban-American bodybuilder (d. 2012)

1941- Pavel Sedláček (musician)|Pavel Sedláček -Czech singer-songwriter and guitarist

1941- Brian Willson -American soldier, lawyer, and activist

1942- Hal Lanier -American baseball player, coach, and manager

1942- Floyd Little -American football player and coach

1942- Stefan Meller -French-Polish politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland (d. 2008)

1942- Peter Rowan -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Earth Opera and Old and in the Way)

1943- Conny Bauer -German trombonist

1943- Emerson Boozer -American football player and sportscaster

1943- Adam Hart-Davis -English historian, author, and photographer

1943- Geraldo Rivera -American lawyer, journalist, and author

1943- Alan Wilson (musician)|Alan Wilson -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Canned Heat) (d. 1970)

1944- Jaimy Gordon -American author and academic

1944- Ray Meagher -Australian actor

1944- Susan Kellermann -American actress

1945- Bruce French (actor)|Bruce French -American actor

1945- Andre Spitzer -Romanian-Israeli fencer and coach (d. 1972)

1946- Margaret Delisle -Canadian politician

1946- Tish Howard -American model

1946- Ron Kovic -American author and activist

1946- Michael Milken -American businessman and philanthropist

1946- Ed O'Ross -American actor

1948- Ed Armbrister -Bahamian baseball player

1948- René Arnoux -French race car driver

1948- Tommy Körberg -Swedish singer and actor

1948- Jeremy Spencer -English guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)

1948- Phil Wheatley -English civil servant

1950- Philip Craven -English basketball player

1950- David Jensen -Canadian-English radio host

1950- Tonio K -American singer-songwriter

1951- Kathleen Kennedy Townsend -American lawyer and politician, 6th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland

1951- Vladimir Tismăneanu -Romanian-American political scientist, sociologist, and academic

1952- Paul Rogat Loeb -American author and activist

1952- Álvaro Uribe -Colombian lawyer and politician, 39th President of Colombia

1952- John Waite -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Babys and Bad English)

1953- Francis Maude -English politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office

1954- Morganna -American model, actress, and dancer

1954- Jim Beattie -American baseball player, coach, and manager

1956- Mark Belling -American radio host

1957- Rein Lang -Estonian politician and diplomat, 25th Minister of Foreign Affairs (Estonia)|Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs

1957- Jenny Seagrove -English actress and activist

1957- Chulabhorn Walailak -Thai princess

1958- Steve Hartman (sportscaster)|Steve Hartman -American sportscaster

1958- Kirk Pengilly -Australian singer and guitarist (INXS)

1958- Carl Valentine -English-Canadian footballer, coach, and manager

1959- Victoria Abril -Spanish actress and singer

1960- Sid Eudy -American wrestler and actor

1960- Roland Ratzenberger -Austrian race car driver (d. 1994)

1960- Mark Steel -English comedian, actor, and author

1960- Barry Windham -American wrestler

1961- Richard Garriott -English-American video game designer, created the Ultima (series)|Ultima series

1962- Neil Morrissey -English actor and singer

1962- Pam Shriver -American tennis player and sportscaster

1963- Henri Leconte -French tennis player

1963- Ute Lemper -German singer and actress

1963- Laureano Márquez -Spanish-Venezuelan political scientist and journalist

1963- José Oquendo -Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach

1963- William Ramallo -Bolivian footballer and coach

1963- Michael Sweet -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Stryper and Boston (band)|Boston)

1964- Martin Flood -Australian game show contestant

1964- Cle Kooiman -American soccer player and manager

1964- Elie Saab -Lebanese fashion designer

1964- Mark Slaughter -American singer-songwriter and producer (Slaughter (band)|Slaughter and Vinnie Vincent Invasion)

1964- Mark Whiting -American director, screenwriter, and actor

1965- Harvey Grant -American basketball player and coach

1965- Jo Whiley -English radio and television host

1966- Minas Hantzidis -German-Greek footballer

1966- Lee Reherman -American football player and actor

1967- Vinny Castilla -Mexican baseball player and manager

1967- Andy Walker (journalist)|Andy Walker -English-Canadian journalist

1967- Rick Wilkins (baseball)|Rick Wilkins -American baseball player

1968- Ronni Ancona -Scottish actress and screenwriter

1968- Jack Frost (musician)|Jack Frost -American guitarist and songwriter (Seven Witches and The Bronx Casket Co.)

1969- Al Golden (American football)|Al Golden -American football player and coach

1969- Todd Marinovich -American football player

1969- Wilfred Mugeyi -Zimbabwean footballer and coach

1970- Christian Giesler -American bass player (Kreator)

1970- Tony Vidmar -Australian footballer and manager

1971- Koko (gorilla)|Koko -American gorilla

1971- Andy Creeggan -Canadian guitarist and pianist (Barenaked Ladies and The Brothers Creeggan)

1971- Brendan Donnelly -American baseball player

1971- Ned Zelić -Australian footballer

1972- Nina Badrić -Croatian singer-songwriter

1972- Stephen Giles -Canadian canoe racer

1972- William Goldsmith -American drummer (Sunny Day Real Estate, Foo Fighters (band)|Foo Fighters, and The Fire Theft)

1972- Mike Knuble -Canadian-American ice hockey player

1973- Gackt -Japanese singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Malice Mizer and Skin (Japanese band)|Skin)

1973- Keiko Ihara -Japanese race car driver

1973- Michael Johnson (footballer, born 1973)|Michael Johnson -English-Jamaican footballer and manager

1973- Anjelika Krylova -Russian ice dancer and coach

1973- Jan Magnussen -Danish race car driver

1973- Tony Popovic -Australian footballer and manager

1973- Elton Williams -Caribbean footballer

1974- Jill Craybas -American tennis player

1974- La'Roi Glover -American football player and sportscaster

1974- Adrian Griffin -American basketball player and coach

1974- Vince Spadea -American tennis player

1976- Daijiro Kato -Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2003)

1976- Yevgeniya Medvedeva -Russian skier

1977- Orri Páll Dýrason -Icelandic drummer (Sigur Rós)

1977- Jonas Kjellgren -Swedish singer, guitarist, and producer (Scar Symmetry, Centinex, Raubtier, and Carnal Forge)

1977- Zoe Naylor -Australian actress, journalist, and producer

1978- Andrea Gabriel -American actress

1978- Vicky Kaya -Greek model and actress

1978- Stephen McNally (musician)|Stephen McNally -English singer-songwriter (BBMak)

1978- Émile Mpenza -Belgian footballer

1978- Becki Newton -American actress

1978- Katia Zygouli -Greek model and actress

1979- Dumas (musician)|Dumas -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1979- Siim Kabrits -Estonian politician

1979- Kevin Thoms -American actor

1979- Mark Twitchell -Canadian murderer

1979- Renny Vega -Venezuelan footballer

1980- Carrie Keagan -American television host and actress

1980- Max Elliott Slade -American actor

1980- Kwame Steede -Bermudan footballer

1981- Brock Berlin -American footballer

1981- Francisco Cruceta -Dominican baseball player

1981- Adérito Waldemar Alves Carvalho -Angolan footballer

1981- Tahar Rahim -French actor

1981- Will Smith (American football)|Will Smith -American football player

1982- Hannah Harper -English porn actress and director

1982- Michael Sorrentino -American model and author

1983- Melanie Fiona -Canadian singer-songwriter (X-Quisite)

1983- Isabeli Fontana -Brazilian model and actress

1983- Ben Jorgensen -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Armor for Sleep)

1983- Amantle Montsho -Botswana sprinter

1983- Andrew Mrotek -American drummer (The Academy Is...)

1983- Miguel Ángel Muñoz -Spanish actor and singer

1983- Miguel Pinto -Chilean footballer

1983- Mattia Serafini -Italian footballer

1984- Jin Akanishi -Japanese singer-songwriter and actor (KAT-TUN and Lands (band)|Lands)

1984- Gina Glocksen -American singer

1984- Miguel Santos Soares -Timorese footballer

1985- Rinalds Sirsniņš -Latvian basketball player

1985- Kane Tenace -Australian footballer

1986- Takahisa Masuda -Japanese singer and actor (News (band)|NEWS and Tegomass)

1986- Nguyen Ngoc Duy -Vietnamese footballer

1986- Mía Taveras -Dominican model and actress

1986- Fanny Valette -French actress

1987- Wude Ayalew -Ethiopianr unner

1987- Guram Kashia -Georgian footballer

1988- Angelique Boyer -French-Mexican actress and singer

1988- Jada Stevens -American porn actress

1989- Benjamin Büchel -English footballer

1989- Yoon Doo-joon -South Korean singer, dancer, and actor (Beast (South Korean band)|Beast)

1989- Rodgers Kola -Zambian footballer

1990- Backer Aloenouvo -Togolese footballer

1990- Kelsi Crain -American model, Miss Louisiana|Miss Louisiana 2010

1990- Rishadi Fauzi -Indonesian footballer

1990- Jake Gardiner -American ice hockey player

1990- David Kross -German actor

1990- Alyssa Miller -American model

1990- Richard Mpong -Ghanaian footballer

1990- Naoki Yamada -Japanese footballer

1990- Ihar Yasinski -Belarusian footballer

1991- Ak Hafiy Tajuddin Rositi -Bruneian runner

1992- Basim (singer)|Basim -Danish singer-songwriter

1992- Nick Hissom -English model and singer

1993- Tom Barkhuizen -English footballer

1997- Jason Spevack -Canadian actor

1998- Malia Obama -American daughter of Barack Obama

1999- Moa Kikuchi -Japanese singer and model (Babymetal and Sakura Gakuin)

History of Deaths

943- Taejo of Goryeo -(b. 877)

973- Ulrich of Augsburg -German bishop (b. 890)

1187- Raynald of Châtillon -French knight (b. 1125)

1541- Pedro de Alvarado -Spanish general and explorer (b. 1495)

1546- Hayreddin Barbarossa -Greek-Turkish admiral (b. 1478)

1551- Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell -English politician (b. 1514)

1603- Philippe de Monte -Flemish composer (b. 1521)

1623- William Byrd -English composer (b. 1540)

1641- Pedro Teixeira -Portuguese explorer

1648- Antoine Daniel -French missionary and saint (b. 1601)

1742- Luigi Guido Grandi -Italian monk, mathematician, and engineer (b. 1671)

1754- Philippe Néricault Destouches -French playwright and author (b. 1680)

1761- Samuel Richardson -English author and painter (b. 1689)

1780- Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine -(b. 1712)

1821- Richard Cosway -English painter (b. 1742)

1826- John Adams -American politician, 2nd President of the United States (b. 1735)

1826- Thomas Jefferson -American lawyer, architect, and politician, 3rd President of the United States (b. 1743)

1831- James Monroe -American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th President of the United States (b. 1758)

1848- François-René de Chateaubriand -French historian and politician (b. 1768)

1850- William Kirby (entomologist)|William Kirby -English entomologist and author (b. 1759)

1854- Karl Friedrich Eichhorn -German academic and jurist (b. 1781)

1857- William L. Marcy -American lawyer, judge, and politician, 21st United States Secretary of State (b. 1786)

1881- Johan Vilhelm Snellman -Finnish philosopher and politician (b. 1806)

1882- Joseph Brackett -American composer (b. 1797)

1891- Hannibal Hamlin -American politician, 15th Vice President of the United States (b. 1809)

1901- Johannes Schmidt (linguist)|Johannes Schmidt -German linguist and academic (b. 1843)

1902- Vivekananda -Indian monk and saint (b. 1863)

1905- Élisée Reclus -French geographer and author (b. 1830)

1910- Melville Fuller -American jurist, 8th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1833)

1910- Giovanni Schiaparelli -Italian astronomer and historian (b. 1835)

1916- Alan Seeger -American soldier poet (b. 1888)

1922- Lothar von Richthofen -German lieutenant and pilot (b. 1894)

1926- Pier Giorgio Frassati -Italian activist and saint (b. 1901)

1931- Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta -(b. 1869)

1931- Buddie Petit -American cornet player (b. 1895)

1934- Marie Curie -French-Polish physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)

1938- Otto Bauer -Austrian philosopher and politician (b. 1881)

1938- Suzanne Lenglen -French tennis player (b. 1899)

1941- Antoni Łomnicki -Polish mathematician and academic (b. 1881)

1943- Władysław Sikorski -Polish general and politician, 9th List of Prime Ministers of Poland|Prime Minister of the Second Republic of Poland (b. 1881)

1946- Taffy O'Callaghan -Welsh footballer (b. 1906)

1946- Gerda Steinhoff -German concentration camp overseer (b. 1922)

1948- Monteiro Lobato -Brazilian journalist and author (b. 1882)

1949- François Brandt -Dutch rower (b. 1874)

1963- Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg -New Zealand general and politician, 7th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)

1963- Pingali Venkayya -Indian activist, designed the Flag of India (b. 1876)

1964- Gaby Morlay -French actress and singer (b. 1893)

1964- Henry (Hank) Sylvern -American organist and composer (b. 1908)

1969- Henri Decoin -French director and screenwriter (b. 1890)

1970- Barnett Newman -American painter (b. 1905)

1970- Harold Stirling Vanderbilt -American sailor and businessman (b. 1884)

1971- August Derleth -American anthologist and author (b. 1909)

1971- Thomas C. Hart -American admiral and politician (b. 1877)

1974- Georgette Heyer -English author (b. 1902)

1974- Haj Amin al-Husseini -Palestinian cleric (b. 1897)

1976- Yonatan Netanyahu -Israeli colonel (b. 1946)

1976- Antoni Słonimski -Polish poet and playwright (b. 1895)

1977- Gersh Budker -Ukrainian physicist and academic (b. 1918)

1979- Lee Wai Tong -Chinese footballer and manager (b. 1905)

1980- Maurice Grevisse -Belgian linguist and author (b. 1895)

1982- Terry Higgins -Welsh AIDS victim (b. 1945)

1984- Jimmie Spheeris -American singer-songwriter (b. 1949)

1986- Flor Peeters -Belgian organist and composer (b. 1903)

1986- Oscar Zariski -Belarusian-American mathematician and academic (b. 1899)

1988- Adrian Adonis -American wrestler (b. 1954)

1989- Jack Haig -English actor (b. 1913)

1990- Olive Ann Burns -American author (b. 1924)

1991- Victor Chang -Chinese-Australian surgeon (b. 1936)

1991- Art Sansom -American cartoonist (b. 1920)

1992- Astor Piazzolla -Argentinian bandoneon player and composer (b. 1921)

1993- Bona Arsenault -Canadian historian, genealogist, and politician (b. 1903)

1994- Joey Marella -American wrestling referee (b. 1964)

1995- Eva Gabor -Hungarian-American actress and singer (b. 1919)

1995- Bob Ross -American painter and television host (b. 1942)

1997- Charles Kuralt -American journalist (b. 1934)

1997- John Zachary Young -English zoologist and neurophysiologist (b. 1907)

1999- Leo Garel -American illustrator (b. 1917)

2000- Gustaw Herling-Grudziński -Polish journalist and author (b. 1919)

2001- V. Appapillai -Sri Lankan physicist and academic (b. 1913)

2001- Keenan Milton -American skateboarder (b. 1974)

2002- Gerald Bales -Canadian organist and composer (b. 1919)

2002- Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. -American general (b. 1912)

2002- Mansoor Hekmat -Iranian theorist (b. 1951)

2002- Winnifred Quick -English-American RMS Titanic survivor (b. 1904)

2003- Larry Burkett -American author and radio host (b. 1939)

2003- André Claveau -French singer (b. 1915)

2003- Barry White -American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1944)

2004- Jean-Marie Auberson -Swiss violinist and conductor (b. 1920)

2004- Frank Robinson (Xylophone Man)|Frank Robinson -English busker (b. 1932)

2005- Cliff Goupille -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1915)

2005- Hank Stram -American football player and coach (b. 1923)

2007- Barış Akarsu -Turkish singer, guitarist, and actor (b. 1979)

2007- Bill Pinkney -American singer (The Drifters) (b. 1925)

2008- Thomas M. Disch -American author and poet (b. 1940)

2008- Jesse Helms -American journalist and politician (b. 1921)

2008- Evelyn Keyes -American actress (b. 1916)

2008- Terrence Kiel -American football player (b. 1980)

2008- Charles Wheeler (journalist)|Charles Wheeler -German-English journalist (b. 1923)

2009- Jim Chapin -American drummer (b. 1919)

2009- Brenda Joyce (actress)|Brenda Joyce -American actress (b. 1917)

2009- Allen Klein -American businessman and talent agent, founded ABKCO Records (b. 1931)

2009- Drake Levin -American guitarist (Paul Revere & the Raiders) (b. 1946)

2009- Steve McNair -American football player (b. 1973)

2009- Lasse Strömstedt -Swedish author and actor (b. 1935)

2009- Jean-Baptiste Tati Loutard -Congolese poet and politician (b. 1938)

2010- Robert Neil Butler -American physician and author (b. 1927)

2010- Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah -Iraqi-Lebanese cleric (b. 1935)

2011- Otto von Habsburg -Austrian-Hungarian son of Charles I of Austria (b. 1912)

2012- Scamper (horse)|Scamper -American horse (b. 1977)

2012- Hiren Bhattacharyya -Indian poet (b. 1932)

2012- Jimmy Bivins -American boxer (b. 1919)

2012- Jeong Min-hyeong -South Korean footballer (b. 1987)

2012- Eric Sykes -English actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)

2013- Onllwyn Brace -Welsh rugby player and sportscaster (b. 1932)

2013- Jack Crompton -English footballer and manager (b. 1921)

2013- James Fulton (dermatologist)|James Fulton -American dermatologist and academic (b. 1940)

2013- Charles A. Hines -American general (b. 1935)

2013- Iain McColl -Scottish actor (b. 1955)

2013- Bernie Nolan -Irish singer and actress (The Nolans) (b. 1960)

2014- Alan Alan -English escapologist and magician (b. 1926)

2014- Giorgio Faletti -Italian author, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1950)

2014- C. J. Henderson -American author and critic (b. 1951)

2014- Earl Robinson (baseball)|Earl Robinson -American baseball player (b. 1936)

2014- Richard Mellon Scaife -American businessman (b. 1932)