This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

634- Battle of Ajnadayn -Byzantine forces under Theodore (brother of Heraclius)|Theodore are defeated by the Rashidun Caliphate near Beit Shemesh (modern Israel).

762- Baghdad -is founded by caliph Al-Mansur.

1419-First Defenestrations of Prague#First Defenestration of Prague|Defenestration of Prague -a crowd of radical Hussites kill seven members of the Prague city council.

1502- Christopher Columbus -lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands Department|Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.

1608-At Fort Ticonderoga|Ticonderoga -(now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for France|French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.

1619-In Jamestown, Virginia -the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.

1629-An earthquake in Naples|Naples, Italy -kills about 10,000 people.

1635- Eighty Years' War -The Siege of Schenkenschans begins; Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, begins the recapture of the strategically important fortress from the Spanish Army.

1656- Sweden|Swedish -forces under the command of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden|Charles X Gustav defeat the forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth at the Battle of Warsaw (1656)|Battle of Warsaw.

1676- Nathaniel Bacon (colonist)|Nathaniel Bacon -issues the "Declaration of the People of Virginia", beginning Bacon's Rebellion against the rule of Governor William Berkeley (governor)|William Berkeley.

1729-Foundation of Baltimore|Baltimore, Maryland -

1733-The first Freemasonry|Masonic -Grand Lodge in the future United States is constituted in Massachusetts.

1756-In Saint Petersburg -Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli|Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly built Catherine Palace to Elizabeth of Russia|Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.

1811-Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla -leader of the Mexican War of Independence|Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico.

1825- Malden Island -is discovered by captain George Byron, 7th Baron Byron.

1859-First ascent of Grand Combin -one of the highest summits in the Alps.

1863- American Indian Wars -Representatives of the United States and tribal leaders including Pocatello (Shoshoni chief)|Chief Pocatello (of the Shoshone) sign the Box Elder Treaty|Treaty of Box Elder.

1864- American Civil War -Battle of the Crater

1865-The steamboat -''Brother Jonathan (steamer)|Brother Jonathan'' sinks off the coast of Crescent City, California, killing 225 passengers, the deadliest shipwreck on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. at the time.

1866- New Orleans|New Orleans, Louisiana -s Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party (United States)|Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.

1871-The Staten Island Ferry -''Westfield'''s boiler explodes, killing over 85 people.

1912-Japan's Emperor Meiji -dies and is succeeded by his son Yoshihito, who is now known as the Emperor Taishō.

1916- Black Tom explosion|Black Tom Island -explosion in Jersey City, New Jersey.

1930-In Montevideo -Uruguay national football team|Uruguay wins the 1930 FIFA World Cup|first FIFA World Cup.

1932-Premiere of Walt Disney -s ''Flowers and Trees'', the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film|Academy Award winning cartoon short.

1945- World War II -Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the {{USS|Indianapolis|CA-35|6}}, killing 883 seamen.

1956-A joint resolution -of the United States Congress|U.S. Congress is signed by President of the United States|President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing ''In God we trust'' as the U.S. national motto.

1962-The Trans-Canada Highway -the largest national highway in the world, is officially opened.

1965-U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson -signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare (United States)|Medicare and Medicaid.

1969- Vietnam War -US President Richard Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and U.S. military commanders.

1971- Apollo program -''Apollo 15'' Mission

1971-An All Nippon Airways -Boeing 727 and a Japan Air Self-Defense Force|Japanese Air Force North American F-86 Sabre|F-86 All Nippon Airways Flight 58|collide over Morioka, Iwate, Japan killing 162.

1974- Watergate scandal -U.S. President Richard Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the Supreme Court of the United States.

1974-Six Canadian Army|Royal Canadian Army -Cadets are killed and fifty-four are injured in an accidental grenade blast at CFB Valcartier Cadet Camp.

1975- Jimmy Hoffa -disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again, and will be declared legally dead on this date in 1982.

1978-The 730 (transport) -Okinawa Prefecture changes its traffic on the Right- and left-hand traffic|right-hand side of the road to the left-hand side.

1980- Vanuatu -gains independence.

1980-Israel's Knesset -passes the Jerusalem Law

1990- George Steinbrenner -is forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as principal partner of New York Yankees for hiring Howie Spira to "get dirt" on Dave Winfield.

2003-In Mexico -the last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.

2006-The world's longest running music show '' Top of the Pops -' is broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years.

Famous Birthdays

1511- Giorgio Vasari -Italian painter, historian, and architect (d. 1574)

1549- Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany -(d. 1609)

1641- Regnier de Graaf -Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1673)

1751- Maria Anna Mozart -Austrian pianist (d. 1829)

1763- Samuel Rogers -English poet and art collector (d. 1855)

1809- Charles Chiniquy -Canadian-American priest (d. 1899)

1818- Emily Brontë -English author and poet (d. 1848)

1818- Jan Heemskerk -Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1897)

1825- Chaim Aronson -Lithuanian engineer and author (d. 1893)

1855- Georg Wilhelm von Siemens -German businessman (d. 1919)

1857- Thorstein Veblen -American economist and sociologist (d. 1929)

1859- Henry Simpson Lunn -English minister and humanitarian, founded Lunn Poly (d. 1939)

1863- Henry Ford -American businessman, founded the Ford Motor Company (d. 1947)

1864- Dirk Boest Gips -Dutch target shooter (d. 1920)

1872- Princess Clémentine of Belgium -(d. 1955)

1881- Smedley Butler -American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1940)

1885- Russell van Horn -American boxer (d. 1970)

1887- Marquard Schwarz -American swimmer (d. 1968)

1890- Casey Stengel -American baseball player and manager (d. 1975)

1893- Fatima Jinnah -Pakistani dentist and politician (d. 1967)

1895- Wanda Hawley -American actress (d. 1963)

1898- Henry Moore -English sculptor and illustrator (d. 1986)

1899- Gerald Moore -English pianist (d. 1987)

1901- Alfred Lépine -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1955)

1904- Salvador Novo -Mexican poet and playwright (d. 1974)

1909- C. Northcote Parkinson -English historian and author (d. 1993)

1910- Edgar de Evia -Mexican-American photographer (d. 2003)

1913- Lou Darvas -American cartoonist (d. 1987)

1914- Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin -Irish journalist and author, 6th President of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1999)

1916- Dick Wilson -English-American actor (d. 2007)

1919- Berniece Baker Miracle -American author

1921- Grant Johannesen -American pianist and educator (d. 2005)

1922- Henry W. Bloch -American banker and businessman, co-founded H&R Block

1924- George Savitsky -American football player (d. 2012)

1925- Jacques Sernas -Lithuanian-French actor

1925- Stan Stennett -Welsh actor and trumpet player (d. 2013)

1925- Alexander Trocchi -Scottish author (d. 1984)

1927- Richard Johnson (actor)|Richard Johnson -English actor, producer, and screenwriter

1927- Pete Schoening -American mountaineer (d. 2004)

1927- Victor Wong (actor born 1927)|Victor Wong -American actor (d. 2001)

1928- Eunice Muñoz -Portuguese actress

1928- Laurence Martin -English soldier and academic

1928- Joe Nuxhall -American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)

1929- Sid Krofft -Canadian-American puppeteer and producer

1931- Dominique Lapierre -French historian and author

1933- Edd Byrnes -American actor and singer

1933- Ben Piazza -American actor (d. 1991)

1934- Bud Selig -American businessman

1936- Buddy Guy -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1936- Ralph Taeger -American actor

1938- Hervé de Charette -French politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs (France)|Minister of Foreign Affairs for France

1938- Terry O'Neill (photographer)|Terry O'Neill -English photographer

1939- Peter Bogdanovich -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1939- Eleanor Smeal -American activist, founded the Feminist Majority Foundation

1940- Patricia Schroeder -American lawyer and politician

1940- Clive Sinclair -English businessman, founded Sinclair Radionics and Sinclair Research

1941- Paul Anka -Canadian singer-songwriter and actor

1942- Pollyanna Pickering -English environmentalist and painter

1943- Henri-François Gautrin -Canadian physicist and politician

1944- Gerry Birrell -Scottish race car driver (d. 1973)

1944- Peter Bottomley -English politician

1944- Frances de la Tour -English actress

1945- Patrick Modiano -French author and screenwriter, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate

1945- David Sanborn -American saxophonist and composer

1946- Neil Bonnett -American race car driver (d. 1994)

1947- William Atherton -American actor

1947- Françoise Barré-Sinoussi -French virologist and biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate

1947- Jonathan Mann (WHO official)|Jonathan Mann -American physician (d. 1998)

1947- Philip Mawer -English civil servant

1947- Anna Panayiotopoulou -Greek actress

1947- Arnold Schwarzenegger -Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, 38th Governor of California

1948- Billy Paultz -American basketball player

1948- Jean Reno -Moroccan actor

1948- Otis Taylor (musician)|Otis Taylor -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1948- Julia Tsenova -Bulgarian pianist and composer (d. 2010)

1949- Duck Baker -American guitarist

1949- Sonia Proudman -English lawyer and judge

1950- Harriet Harman -English lawyer and politician, Solicitor General for England and Wales

1950- Frank Stallone -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1950- Simón Trinidad -Colombian Guerrilla warfare|guerrilla leader

1951- Alan Kourie -South African cricketer

1951- Gerry Judah -Indian-English painter and sculptor

1952- Stephen Blackmore -English botanist and author

1954- Ken Olin -American actor, director, and producer

1955- Rat Scabies -English drummer and producer (The Damned (band)|The Damned and Vicious White Kids)

1955- Christopher Warren-Green -English violinist and conductor

1956- Delta Burke -American actress, singer, and producer

1956- Réal Cloutier -Canadian ice hockey player

1956- Anita Hill -American lawyer and academic

1956- Soraida Martinez -American painter

1957- Bill Cartwright -American basketball player and coach

1957- Clint Hurdle -American baseball player and manager

1957- Nery Pumpido -Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager

1957- Leon Wesley Walls -American singer, songwriter, and guitarist

1958- Richard Burgi -American actor

1958- Kate Bush -English singer-songwriter and producer

1958- Neal McCoy -American singer-songwriter

1958- Daley Thompson -English decathlete

1960- Jennifer Barnes -American-English musicologist and academic

1960- Richard Linklater -American director and screenwriter

1960- Jeff Rudom -American basketball player and actor (d. 2011)

1961- El Brazo -Mexican wrestler (d. 2013)

1961- Laurence Fishburne -American actor and producer

1962- Alton Brown -American chef, author, and producer

1962- Jay Feaster -American ice hockey player and manager

1963- Peter Bowler (cricketer)|Peter Bowler -English-Australian cricketer

1963- Lisa Kudrow -American actress, screenwriter, and producer

1963- Chris Mullin (basketball)|Chris Mullin -American basketball player and manager

1964- Ron Block -American singer-songwriter and banjo player

1964- Vivica A. Fox -American actress and producer

1964- Alek Keshishian -Lebanese-American director, producer, and screenwriter

1964- Jürgen Klinsmann -German footballer and manager

1964- Laine Randjärv -Estonian politician, 6th Ministry of Culture (Estonia)|Estonian Minister of Culture

1965- Tim Munton -England cricketer

1966- Kerry Fox -New Zealand actress

1966- Craig Gannon -English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths, The Bluebells, The Adult Net)

1966- Allan Langer -Australian rugby player

1968- Terry Crews -American football player and actor

1968- Sofie Gråbøl -Danish actress

1968- Robert Korzeniowski -Polish race walker

1968- Sean Moore (musician)|Sean Moore -Welsh drummer and songwriter (Manic Street Preachers)

1969- Simon Baker -Australian actor, director, and producer

1969- Errol Stewart (South African sportsman)|Errol Stewart -South African cricketer and lawyer

1970- Alun Cairns -Welsh politician

1970- Dean Edwards -American comedian and actor

1970- Christopher Nolan -English-American director, producer, and screenwriter

1971- Elvis Crespo -American-Puerto Rican singer (Grupo Manía)

1971- Tom Green -Canadian comedian, actor, and rapper

1971- Sagi Kalev -Israeli-American bodybuilder and model

1971- Christine Taylor -American actress

1972- Jim McIlvaine -American basketball player

1973- Kenton Cool -English mountaineer

1973- Anastasios Katsabis -Greek footballer

1973- Markus Näslund -Swedish ice hockey player and manager

1973- Sonu Nigam -Indian singer and actor

1974- Radostin Kishishev -Bulgarian footballer and manager

1974- Ando Meritee -Estonian renju player

1974- Jason Robinson -English rugby player and coach

1974- Hilary Swank -American actress and producer

1975- Graham Nicholls -English author and activist

1975- Cherie Priest -American author and blogger

1977- Diana Bolocco -Chilean model and journalist Miss Universe 1987

1977- Misty May-Treanor -American volleyball player and coach

1977- Jaime Pressly -American actress

1977- Bootsy Thornton -American basketball player

1977- Ian Watkins (Lostprophets)|Ian Watkins -Welsh singer-songwriter (Lostprophets and Public Disturbance (band)|Public Disturbance)

1979- Carlos Arroyo -Puerto Rican basketball player and singer

1979- Show Luo -Taiwanese actor, singer, and dancer

1979- Graeme McDowell -Irish golfer

1979- Maya Nasser -Syrian journalist (d. 2012)

1980- Diam's -Cypriot-French rapper

1980- Sara Anzanello -Italian volleyball player

1980- Justin Rose -South African-English golfer

1981- Nicky Hayden -American motorcycle racer

1981- Juan Smith -South African rugby player

1981- Indrek Turi -Estonian decathlete

1982- Khaliah Adams -American actress

1982- Jehad Al-Hussain -Syrian footballer

1982- James Anderson (cricketer)|James Anderson -English cricketer

1982- Yvonne Strahovski -Australian actress

1983- Nathan Carter (actor)|Nathan Carter -Canadian actor

1983- Seán Dillon -Irish footballer

1984- Marko Asmer -Estonian race car driver

1984- Gabrielle Christian -American actress and singer

1984- Ryōhei Kimura -Japanese voice actor

1984- Kevin Pittsnogle -American basketball player

1985- Aml Ameen -English actor

1985- Daniel Fredheim Holm -Norwegian footballer

1986- Tiago Alencar -Brazilian footballer

1987- Anton Fink -German footballer

1987- Sam Saunders (golfer)|Sam Saunders -American golfer

1988- Lara Jean Marshall -English-Australian actress, singer, and dancer

1989- Aleix Espargaró -Spanish motorcycle racer

1989- Wayne Parnell -South African cricketer

1990- I Blame Coco -Italian-English singer-songwriter

1990- Martin Stosch -German singer

1991- Diana Vickers -English singer-songwriter and actress

1992- Hannah Cockroft -English wheelchair racer

1993- Katie Cecil -American singer, guitarist, and actress (KSM (band)|KSM)

1993- Miho Miyazaki -Japanese singer and actress (AKB48)

1993- Margarida Moura -Portuguese tennis player

1996- Nina Stojanović -Serbian tennis player

1998- Johnny Bennett -English-Irish actor

1999- Joey King -American actress

History of Deaths

578- Jacob Baradaeus -Greek bishop

734- Tatwine -English archbishop (b. 670)

1540- Thomas Abel -English priest and martyr (b. 1497)

1540- Robert Barnes (martyr)|Robert Barnes -English martyr and reformer (b. 1495)

1550- Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton -English politician, Lord Chancellor|Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1505)

1652- Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours -(b. 1624)

1680- Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory -Irish admiral and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1634)

1683- Maria Theresa of Spain -(b. 1638)

1691- Daniel Georg Morhof -German scholar and academic (b. 1639)

1718- William Penn -English businessman and philosopher, founded the Province of Pennsylvania (b. 1644)

1771- Thomas Gray -English poet and scholar (b. 1716)

1789- Giovanna Bonanno -Italian criminal (b. 1713)

1811- Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla -Mexican priest and soldier (b. 1753)

1875- George Pickett -American general (b. 1825)

1889- Charlie Absolom -England cricketer (b. 1846)

1898- Otto von Bismarck -German politician, 1st Chancellor of Germany (b. 1815)

1900- Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha -(b. 1844)

1912- Emperor Meiji -of Japan (b. 1852)

1918- Joyce Kilmer -American soldier, journalist, and poet (b. 1886)

1920- Albert Gustaf Dahlman -Swedish executioner (b. 1848)

1930- Joan Gamper -Swiss-Spanish footballer and businessman, founded FC Barcelona (b. 1877)

1938- John Derbyshire (swimmer)|John Derbyshire -English swimmer and water polo player (b. 1878)

1947- Joseph Cook -English-Australian politician, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1860)

1965- Jun'ichirō Tanizaki -Japanese author (b. 1886)

1970- Walter Murdoch -Scottish-Australian academic (b. 1874)

1970- George Szell -Hungarian-American conductor and composer (b. 1897)

1972- K. S. Arulnandhy -Sri Lankan academic (b. 1899)

1975- James Blish -American author and critic (b. 1921)

1977- Emory Holloway -American author (b. 1885)

1983- Howard Dietz -American songwriter and publicist (b. 1896)

1983- Lynn Fontanne -English-American actress (b. 1887)

1985- Julia Robinson -American mathematician and theorist (b. 1919)

1989- Lane Frost -American bull rider (b. 1963)

1992- Brenda Marshall -Filipino-American actress and singer (b. 1915)

1992- Joe Shuster -Canadian-American illustrator, co-created Superman (b. 1914)

1994- Ryszard Riedel -Polish singer-songwriter (Dżem) (b. 1956)

1996- Claudette Colbert -French-American actress and singer (b. 1903)

1996- Magda Schneider -German actress and singer (b. 1909)

1997- Bao Dai -Vietnamese emperor (b. 1913)

1998- Jorge Russek -Mexican actor (b. 1932)

1998- Buffalo Bob Smith -American television host (b. 1917)

2001- Anton Schwarzkopf -German engineer (b. 1924)

2003- Sam Phillips -American record producer, founded Sun Records (b. 1923)

2004- Andre Noble -Canadian actor (b. 1979)

2005- Ray Cunningham -American baseball player (b. 1905)

2005- John Garang -Sudanese politician, List of Presidents of South Sudan|President of South Sudan (b. 1945)

2006- Al Balding -Canadian golfer (b. 1924)

2006- Murray Bookchin -American philosopher and author (b. 1921)

2006- Anthony Galla-Rini -American accordion player and composer (b. 1904)

2006- Akbar Mohammadi (student)|Akbar Mohammadi -Iranian activist (b. 1972)

2007- Michelangelo Antonioni -Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1912)

2007- Teoctist Arăpașu -Romanian patriarch (b. 1915)

2007- Ingmar Bergman -Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1918)

2007- Bill Walsh (American football coach)|Bill Walsh -American football player and coach (b. 1931)

2008- Anne Armstrong -American diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1927)

2009- Mohammed Yusuf (Boko Haram)|Mohammed Yusuf -Nigerian militant leader, founded Boko Haram (b. 1970)

2009- Peter Zadek -German director and screenwriter (b. 1926)

2011- Bob Peterson (basketball)|Bob Peterson -American basketball player (b. 1932)

2012- Maeve Binchy -Irish author, playwright, and journalist (b. 1940)

2012- Bill Doss -American singer and guitarist (The Olivia Tremor Control, The Apples in Stereo, and The Sunshine Fix) (b. 1968)

2012- Stig Ossian Ericson -Swedish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)

2012- Les Green -English footballer and manager (b. 1941)

2012- Jonathan Hardy -New Zealand-Australian actor and screenwriter (b. 1940)

2012- Bill Kitchen (ice hockey)|Bill Kitchen -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1960)

2012- Mary Louise Rasmuson -American colonel (b. 1911)

2013- Cecil Alexander -American architect, designed the State of Georgia Building (b. 1918)

2013- Berthold Beitz -German businessman (b. 1913)

2013- Robert Neelly Bellah -American sociologist and author (b. 1927)

2013- Harry F. Byrd, Jr. -American lieutenant, publisher, and politician (b. 1914)

2013- Belal Muhammad -Bangladeshi activist (b. 1936)

2013- Antoni Ramallets -Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1924)

2013- Ossie Schectman -American basketball player (b. 1919)

2013- Benjamin Walker (author)|Benjamin Walker -Indian-English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1913)

2014- Robert Drew -American director and producer (b. 1924)

2014- Harun Farocki -German director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1944)

2014- Julio Grondona -Argentinian businessman (b. 1931)

2014- Peter Hall (urbanist)|Peter Hall -English geographer, author, and academic (b. 1932)

2014- Shūsei Nakamura -Japanese voice actor (b. 1935)

2014- Dick Smith (make-up artist)|Dick Smith -American make-up artist (b. 1922)

2014- Nini Stoltenberg -Norwegian activist (b. 1963)

2014- Dick Wagner -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Frost) (b. 1942)