This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

285- Diocletian -appoints Maximian as Caesar (title)|Caesar, co-ruler.

306- Constantine the Great|Constantine I -is proclaimed Roman Empire|Roman emperor by his troops.

315-The Arch of Constantine -is completed near the Colosseum in Rome to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Ponte Milvio|Milvian Bridge.

864-The Edict of Pistres -of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings.

1137- Eleanor of Aquitaine -married Prince Louis, eldest son of King Louis VII of France, at the Bordeaux Cathedral|Cathedral of Saint-André in Bordeaux.

1139- Battle of Ourique -The Almoravid dynasty|Almoravids, led by Ali ibn Yusuf, are defeated by Prince Afonso I of Portugal|Afonso Henriques.

1261-The city of Constantinople -is recaptured by Empire of Nicaea|Nicaean forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, re-establishing the Byzantine Empire.

1278-The naval Battle of Algeciras (1278)|Battle of Algeciras -takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista resulting in a victory for the Emirate of Granada and the Maranid Dynasty over the Kingdom of Castile.

1467-The Battle of Molinella -The first battle in Italy in which firearms are used extensively.

1536- Sebastián de Belalcázar -on his search of El Dorado founds the city of Cali|Santiago de Cali.

1538-The city of Guayaquil -is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil.

1547- Henry II of France -is Coronation|crowned.

1554- Mary I of England|Mary I -marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral.

1567-Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas -the capital city of Venezuela.

1593- Henry IV of France -publicly converts from Protestantism to Catholic Church|Roman Catholicism.

1603- James VI and I|James VI of Scotland -is crowned List of English monarchs|king of England (James I of England), bringing the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would Acts of Union 1707|occur in 1707.

1609-The England|English -ship ''Sea Venture'', en route to Colony of Virginia|Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there.

1693-Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas, now known as Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León -Mexico.

1722- Father Rale's War|Dummer's War -begins along the Maine-Massachusetts border.

1755- British Empire|British -governor Charles Lawrence (British Army officer)|Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council order the Expulsion of the Acadians|deportation of the Acadians. Thousands of Acadians are sent to the British Colonies in America, France and England. Some later move to Louisiana, while others resettle in New Brunswick.

1759-French and Indian War: In Western New York -British forces capture Fort Niagara from the French, who subsequently abandon Fort Rouillé.

1783- American Revolutionary War -The war's last action, the Siege of Cuddalore, is ended by a preliminary peace agreement.

1788- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart -completes his Symphony No. 40 (Mozart)|Symphony No. 40 in G minor (K550).

1792-The Brunswick Manifesto -is issued to the population of Paris promising vengeance if the France|French Members of the French Royal Families|Royal Family is harmed.

1795-The first stone of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct -is laid.

1797- Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson|Horatio Nelson -loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain).

1799-At Abu Qir -in Egypt, Napoleon I of France Battle of Abukir (1799)|defeats 10,000 Ottoman Empire|Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha.

1814- War of 1812 -Battle of Lundy's Lane

1824- Costa Rica -annexes Guanacaste Province|Guanacaste from Nicaragua.

1837-The first commercial use of an electrical telegraph -is successfully demonstrated by William Fothergill Cooke|William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone on July 25, 1837 between Euston and Camden Town in London.

1853- Joaquin Murrieta -the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.

1861- American Civil War -The United States Congress passes the Crittenden-Johnson Resolution, stating that the war is being fought to preserve the Union (American Civil War)|Union and not to end Slavery in the United States|slavery.

1866-The United States Congress passes legislation authorizing the Military rank|rank -of General of the Army (United States)|General of the Army. Lieutenant general (United States)|Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first to be promoted to this rank.

1868- Wyoming -becomes a Territories of the United States|United States territory.

1869-The Japanese daimyo -begin returning their land holdings to the Emperor of Japan|emperor as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese calendar|Japanese Date: June 17, 1869).

1893-The Corinth Canal -in the Gulf of Corinth, Greece is used for the first time.

1894-The First Sino-Japanese War -begins when the Japanese fire upon a Chinese warship.

1898-After over two months of sea-based bombardment, the Puerto Rican Campaign|United States invasion -of Puerto Rico begins with U.S. troops led by General Nelson A. Miles|Nelson Miles landing at harbor of Guánica, Puerto Rico.

1908- Ajinomoto -is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the University of Tokyo|Tokyo Imperial University discovers that a key ingredient in kombu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), and patents a process for manufacturing it.

1909- Louis Blériot -makes the first flight across the English Channel in a Blériot XI|heavier-than-air machine from (Calais to Dover|Dover, England, United Kingdom) in 37 minutes.

1915- Royal Flying Corps|RFC -Captain Lanoe Hawker becomes the first British military aviator to earn the Victoria Cross, for defeating three Luftstreitkräfte|German two-seat observation aircraft in one day, over the Western Front (World War I)|Western Front.

1917-Sir Robert Borden -introduces the first Income taxes in Canada|income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

1920- France -captures Damascus.

1925- Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union -(TASS) is established.

1934-The Nazi Germany|Nazis -assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt.

1940-General Henri Guisan -orders the Military of Switzerland|Swiss Army to resist German invasion and makes surrender illegal.

1942-Norwegian Manifesto calls for nonviolent resistance to the Nazism|Nazis -

1943- World War II -Benito Mussolini 25 Luglio|is forced out of office by his own Italy|Italian Grand Council and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio.

1946- Operation Crossroads -An Nuclear weapon|atomic bomb is detonated underwater in the lagoon of Bikini Atoll.

1946-At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey -Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.

1952-The U.S. non-incorporated territory of Puerto Rico -adopts a constitution.

1956-Forty-five miles south of Nantucket|Nantucket Island -the Italian ocean liner {{SS|Andrea Doria}} collides with the MS Athena|MS ''Stockholm'' in heavy fog and sinks the next day, killing 51.

1957-The Republic of Tunisia -is proclaimed.

1958-The African Regroupment Party -(PRA) holds its first congress in Cotonou.

1959- SR.N1 -hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais|Calais, France to Dover, England in just over two hours.

1961-In a speech John F. Kennedy -emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.

1965- Bob Dylan -goes Electric Dylan controversy|electric as he plugs in at the Newport Folk Festival, signaling a major change in folk and rock music.

1969- Vietnam War -President of the United States|U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This is the start of the "Vietnamization" of the war.

1973- Soviet Union|Soviet -''Mars program|Mars 5'' space probe is launched.

1976- Viking program -''Viking 1'' takes the famous Cydonia (region of Mars)|Face on Mars photo.

1978- Puerto Rico -police assassinate two nationalists in the Cerro Maravilla murders.

1978- Louise Brown -the world's first "In vitro fertilisation|test tube baby" is born.

1979-Another section of the Sinai Peninsula -is peacefully returned by Israel to Egypt.

1983- Black July -Thirty-seven Sri Lankan Tamil people|Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are Welikada prison massacre|massacred by the fellow Sinhalese people|Sinhalese prisoners.

1984- '' Salyut 7 -' Astronaut|cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a Extra-vehicular activity|space walk.

1993-Israel launches a massive attack against Lebanon -in what the Israelis call Operation Accountability, and the Lebanese call the Seven-Day War.

1993-The Saint James Church massacre -occurs in Kenilworth, Cape Town, South Africa.

1994-Israel and Jordan -sign the Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace|Washington Declaration, that formally ends the state of war that had existed between the nations since 1948.

1996-In a 1996 Burundian coup d'état|military coup in Burundi -Pierre Buyoya deposes Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.

2007- Pratibha Patil -is sworn in as India's first female president.

2010- WikiLeaks -publishes Afghan War documents leak|classified documents about the War in Afghanistan, one of the largest leaks in U.S. military history.

Famous Birthdays

1016- Casimir I the Restorer -Polish son of Mieszko II Lambert (d. 1058)

1261- Arthur II, Duke of Brittany -(d. 1312)

1336- Albert I, Duke of Bavaria -(d. 1404)

1404- Philip I, Duke of Brabant -(d. 1430)

1421- Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland -English politician (d. 1461)

1562- Katō Kiyomasa -Japanese warlord (d. 1611)

1654- Agostino Steffani -Italian diplomat and composer (d. 1728)

1657- Philipp Heinrich Erlebach -German composer (d. 1714)

1658- Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll -Scottish general (d. 1703)

1683- Pieter Langendijk -Dutch playwright and poet (d. 1756)

1750- Henry Knox -American general and politician, 1st United States Secretary of War (d. 1806)

1753- Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires -French-Spanish captain and politician, 10th Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata|Viceroy of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (d. 1810)

1797- Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel -(d. 1889)

1839- Francis Garnier -French captain and explorer (d. 1873)

1844- Thomas Eakins -American painter, sculptor, and photographer (d. 1916)

1848- Arthur Balfour -Scottish politician, 33rd Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1930)

1860- Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia -(d. 1917)

1865- Jac. P. Thijsse -Dutch conservationist and botanist (d. 1945)

1867- Max Dauthendey -German author and painter (d. 1918)

1867- Alexander Rummler -American painter (d. 1959)

1869- Platon (Kulbusch)|Platon -Estonian bishop and saint (d. 1919)

1870- Maxfield Parrish -American illustrator (d. 1966)

1875- Jim Corbett -Indian hunter, environmentalist, and author (d. 1955)

1882- George S. Rentz -American captain (d. 1942)

1883- Alfredo Casella -Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1947)

1886- Edward Cummins -American golfer (d. 1926)

1886- Bror von Blixen-Finecke -Swedish hunter and author (d. 1946)

1886- Hans von Blixen-Finecke -Swedish horse rider (b. 1917)

1894- Walter Brennan -American actor and singer (d. 1974)

1894- Gavrilo Princip -Bosnian assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (d. 1918)

1895- Yvonne Printemps -French actress and singer (d. 1977)

1895- Ingeborg Spangsfeldt -Danish actress (d. 1968)

1896- Jack Perrin -American actor and stuntman (d. 1967)

1896- Josephine Tey -Scottish author and playwright (d. 1952)

1901- Ruth Krauss -American author (d. 1993)

1901- Lila Lee -American actress (d. 1973)

1902- Eric Hoffer -American philosopher and author (d. 1983)

1905- Elias Canetti -Bulgarian-Swiss author and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)

1905- Denys Watkins-Pitchford -English author and illustrator (d. 1990)

1906- Johnny Hodges -American saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 1970)

1908- Bill Bowes -English cricketer (d. 1987)

1908- Ambroise-Marie Carré -French priest and author (d. 2004)

1908- Jack Gilford -American actor (d. 1990)

1908- Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer -Indian singer (d. 2003)

1914- Woody Strode -American football player and actor (d. 1994)

1915- S. U. Ethirmanasingham -Sri Lankan businessman and politician

1915- Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. -American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1944)

1916- Lucien Saulnier -Canadian politician (d. 1989)

1917- Fritz Honegger -Swiss politician (d. 1999)

1917- Whipper Billy Watson -Canadian-American wrestler and trainer (d. 1990)

1918- Jane Frank -American painter and sculptor (d. 1986)

1920- Rosalind Franklin -English biophysicist, chemist, and academic (d. 1958)

1921- Adolph Herseth -American trumpet player (Chicago Symphony Orchestra) (d. 2013)

1921- Lionel Terray -French mountaineer (d. 1965)

1923- Estelle Getty -American actress (d. 2008)

1923- Edgar Gilbert -American mathematician and theorist (d. 2013)

1923- Maria Gripe -Swedish author (d. 2007)

1924- Frank Church -American lawyer and politician (d. 1984)

1924- Scotch Taylor -South African cricketer and hockey player (d. 2004)

1925- Benny Benjamin -American drummer (The Funk Brothers) (d. 1969)

1925- Jerry Paris -American actor, director, and producer (d. 1986)

1925- Jutta Zilliacus -Finnish journalist and politician

1926- Whitey Lockman -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2009)

1927- Daniel Ceccaldi -French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2003)

1927- Midge Decter -American journalist and author

1927- Sadiq Hussain Qureshi -Pakistani politician, 10th Governor of Punjab (Pakistan)|Governor of Punjab (d. 2000)

1927- Jean-Marie Seroney -Kenyan politician (d. 1982)

1928- Dolphy -Filipino actor, singer, and producer (d. 2012)

1928- Mario Montenegro -Filipino actor (d. 1988)

1928- Nils Taube -Estonian-English businessman (d. 2008)

1929- Judd Buchanan -Canadian politician

1929- Somnath Chatterjee -Indian politician, 14th Speaker of the Lok Sabha

1929- Eddie Mazur -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1995)

1930- Murray Chapple -New Zealand cricketer and manager (d. 1985)

1930- Maureen Forrester -Canadian opera singer (d. 2010)

1930- Alice Parizeau -Polish-Canadian journalist and criminologist (d. 1990)

1930- Annie Ross -Scottish-American singer and actress (Lambert, Hendricks & Ross)

1931- James Butler (artist)|James Butler -English sculptor and educator

1932- Paul J. Weitz -American captain, pilot, and astronaut

1934- Don Ellis -American trumpet player and composer (d. 1978)

1934- Claude Zidi -French director and screenwriter

1935- Barbara Harris (actress)|Barbara Harris -American actress and singer

1935- Adnan Khashoggi -Saudi Arabian businessman

1935- Gilbert Parent -Canadian politician, 33rd Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons (d. 2009)

1935- John Robinson (American football coach)|John Robinson -American football player and coach

1935- Larry Sherry -American baseball player and coach (d. 2006)

1935- Lars Werner -Swedish politician (d. 2013)

1936- Gerry Ashmore -English race car driver

1936- Glenn Murcutt -English-Australian architect

1936- August Schellenberg -Canadian-American actor (d. 2013)

1937- Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn -English archeologist and academic

1940- Richard Ballantine -American-English journalist and author (d. 2013)

1941- Manny Charlton -Spanish-Scottish guitarist (Nazareth (band)|Nazareth and Manny Charlton Band)

1941- Billy Hardwick -American bowler (d. 2013)

1941- Raúl Ruiz (director)|Raúl Ruiz -Chilean-French director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2011)

1941- Peter Suschitzky -Polish-English cinematographer

1941- Nate Thurmond -American basketball player

1941- Emmett Till -American murder victim (d. 1955)

1942- Bruce Woodley -Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Seekers)

1943- Jim McCarty -English singer and drummer (The Yardbirds, Renaissance (band)|Renaissance, and Illusion (UK band)|Illusion)

1943- Erika Steinbach -German politician

1944- Peter Duncan (alpine skier)|Peter Duncan -Canadian skier

1944- Sally Beauman -English journalist and author

1945- Donna Theodore -American actress and singer

1946- José Areas -Nicaraguan drummer (Santana (band)|Santana)

1946- Nicole Farhi -French fashion designer and sculptor

1946- John Gibson (political commentator)|John Gibson -American radio host

1946- Rita Marley -Cuban-Jamaican singer (Bob Marley and the Wailers and I Threes)

1946- P. Selvarasa -Sri Lankan politician

1948- Steve Goodman -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1984)

1950- Mark Clarke -English singer-songwriter and bass player (Colosseum (band)|Colosseum, Mountain (band)|Mountain, Natural Gas (band)|Natural Gas, and Uriah Heep (band)|Uriah Heep)

1951- Jack Thompson (activist)|Jack Thompson -American lawyer and activist

1951- Verdine White -American bass player and producer (Earth, Wind & Fire)

1952- Eduardo Souto de Moura -Portuguese architect, designed the Estádio Municipal de Braga

1952- Huang Wenyong -Malaysian-Singaporean actor (d. 2013)

1953- Robert Zoellick -American banker and politician, 14th United States Deputy Secretary of State

1954- Lynne Frederick -English-American actress (d. 1994)

1954- Ken Greer -Canadian guitarist, keyboard player, and producer (Red Rider)

1954- Sheena McDonald -Scottish journalist

1954- Walter Payton -American football player (d. 1999)

1954- Jochem Ziegert -German footballer and manager

1955- Iman (model)|Iman -Somalian-English model and actress

1955- Randall Bewley -American guitarist and songwriter (Pylon (band)|Pylon and Supercluster (band)|Supercluster) (d. 2009)

1955- Kike Elomaa -Finnish bodybuilder and politician

1955- Tom McCamus -Canadian actor

1956- Andy Goldsworthy -English-Scottish sculptor and photographer

1957- Mark Hunter (politician)|Mark Hunter -English politician

1957- Steve Podborski -Canadian skier

1958- Alexei Filippenko -American astrophysicist and educator

1958- Thurston Moore -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Sonic Youth, Ciccone Youth, The Coachmen, and Dim Stars)

1959- Fyodor Cherenkov -Russian footballer and manager (d. 2014)

1959- Anatoly Onoprienko -Ukrainian murderer (d. 2013)

1959- Geoffrey Zakarian -American chef and author

1960- Alain Robidoux -Canadian snooker player

1960- Justice Howard -American photographer

1961- Bobbie Eakes -American actress and singer

1961- Katherine Kelly Lang -American actress

1961- Hugo Teufel III -American lawyer and politician

1962- Carin Bakkum -Dutch tennis player

1962- Doug Drabek -American baseball player and coach

1963- Denis Coderre -Canadian politician, 44th Mayor of Montreal

1963- Julian Hodgson -Welsh chess player

1964- Anne Applebaum -American journalist and author

1964- Tony Granato -American ice hockey player and coach

1964- Breuk Iversen -American graphic designer

1965- Marty Brown (singer)|Marty Brown -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1965- Illeana Douglas -American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter

1966- Maureen Herman -American bass player (Babes in Toyland (band)|Babes in Toyland)

1966- Diana Johnson -English politician

1966- Lynda Lemay -Canadian singer-songwriter

1966- Christine Quinn -American politician

1967- Matt LeBlanc -American actor and producer

1967- Ruth Peetoom -Dutch minister and politician

1967- Wendy Raquel Robinson -American actress

1967- Tommy Skjerven -Norwegian footballer and referee

1968- Rudi Bryson -South African cricketer

1968- Shi Tao -Chinese journalist and poet

1969- Jon Barry -American basketball player and sportscaster

1970- Ernesto Alterio -Argentinian-Spanish actor

1971- Chloë Annett -English actress

1971- Roger Creager -American singer-songwriter

1971- Tracy Murray -American basketball player

1971- Billy Wagner -American baseball player and coach

1973- David Denman -American actor

1973- Dani Filth -English singer-songwriter and actor (Cradle of Filth)

1973- Hu Jia (activist)|Hu Jia -Chinese activist

1973- Mur Lafferty -American author and blogger

1973- Kevin Phillips (footballer)|Kevin Phillips -English footballer

1973- Michael C. Williams (actor)|Michael C. Williams -American actor

1974- Lauren Faust -American animator, producer, and screenwriter

1974- Jay R. Ferguson -American actor

1974- Julia Laffranque -Estonian lawyer and judge

1974- Kenzo Suzuki -Japanese wrestler

1975- Jody Craddock -English footballer

1975- Jean-Claude Darcheville -French footballer

1975- El Zorro (wrestler)|El Zorro -Mexican wrestler

1976- Tera Patrick -American porn actress

1976- Jovica Tasevski-Eternijan -Macedonian poet and critic

1976- Javier Vázquez -Puerto Rican baseball player

1977- Ahmad Batebi -Iranian activist

1977- Kenny Thomas (basketball)|Kenny Thomas -American basketball player

1978- Louise Brown -English test tube baby

1978- Gerard Warren -American football player

1979- Amy Adams (singer)|Amy Adams -American singer

1979- Peter Brame -English singer-songwriter and guitarist

1979- Ali Carter -English snooker player

1979- Juan Pablo Di Pace -Argentinian actor

1979- Stefanie Hertel -German yodeler

1980- Soo Ae -South Korean actress

1980- Sven Järve -Estonian fencer

1980- Shawn Riggans -American baseball player

1980- Samuel Sheinbein -American-Israeli murderer (d. 2014)

1980- Toni Vilander -Finnish race car driver

1980- David Wachs -American actor

1980- Scott Waldrom -New Zealand rugby player

1981- Conor Casey -American soccer player

1981- Constantinos Charalambidis -Cypriot footballer

1981- Yūichi Komano -Japanese footballer

1981- Mac Lethal -American rapper and producer

1981- Jani Rita -Finnish ice hockey player

1982- Jason Dundas -Australian-American television host and actor

1982- Brad Renfro -American actor (d. 2008)

1982- Monde Zondeki -South African cricketer

1983- Richie Chance -American actor and producer

1983- Kauri Kõiv -Estonian biathlete

1983- Nenad Krstić -Serbian basketball player

1984- Lauriane Gilliéron -Swiss model, Miss Switzerland|Miss Switzerland 2005

1984- Loukas Mavrokefalidis -Greek basketball player

1985- James Lafferty -American actor and director

1985- Jasmine Lennard -English model

1985- Nelson Piquet, Jr. -Brazilian race car driver

1985- Hugo Rodallega -Colombian footballer

1985- Shantel VanSanten -American actress and model

1986- Hulk (footballer)|Hulk -Brazilian footballer

1986- Abraham Gneki Guié -Ivorian footballer

1986- Barbara Meier -German model and actress

1986- Ahtyba Rubin -American football player

1987- Mitchell Burgzorg -Dutch footballer and rapper

1987- Michael Welch (actor)|Michael Welch -American actor

1988- Paulinho (footballer)|Paulinho -Brazilian footballer

1988- John Goossens -Dutch footballer

1988- Tom Hiariej -Dutch footballer

1988- Sarah Geronimo -Filipino singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress

1988- Heather Marks -Canadian model and actress

1988- Anthony Stokes -Irish footballer

1988- Stacey Kemp -English skater

1989- Andrew Caldwell -American actor

1989- Noel Callahan -Canadian actor

1989- Natalia Vieru -Russian basketball player

1990- Andi Eigenmann -Filipino actress

1991- Toni Duggan -English footballer

2000- Preston Bailey -American actor

History of Deaths

306- Constantius Chlorus -Roman emperor (b. 250)

1409- Martin I of Sicily -(b. 1376)

1471- Thomas à Kempis -German priest and mystic (b. 1380)

1472- Charles of Artois, Count of Eu -(b. 1394)

1492- Pope Innocent VIII -(b. 1432)

1572- Isaac Luria -Ottoman rabbi and mystic (b. 1534)

1608- Pomponio Nenna -Italian composer (b. 1556)

1616- Andreas Libavius -German physician and chemist (b. 1550)

1643- Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull -English general and politician (b. 1584)

1681- Urian Oakes -English-American minister and educator (b. 1631)

1790- Johann Bernhard Basedow -German educator and reformer (b. 1723)

1790- William Livingston -American soldier and politician, 1st Governor of New Jersey (b. 1723)

1791- Isaac Low -American politician (b. 1735)

1794- André Chénier -Greek-French poet (b. 1762)

1826- Kondraty Ryleyev -Russian poet and publisher (b. 1795)

1834- Samuel Taylor Coleridge -English philosopher, poet, and critic (b. 1772)

1842- Dominique Jean Larrey -French physician and surgeon (b. 1766)

1843- Charles Macintosh -Scottish chemist and engineer (b. 1766)

1853- Joaquin Murrieta -Mexican-American criminal (b. 1829)

1861- Jonas Furrer -Swiss politician (b. 1805)

1865- James Barry (surgeon)|James Barry -English soldier and surgeon (b. 1799)

1866- Floride Calhoun -American wife of John C. Calhoun, 4th Second Lady of the United States (b. 1792)

1887- John Taylor (Mormon)|John Taylor -American religious leader, 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1808)

1934- François Coty -French businessman, founded Coty, Inc. (b. 1874)

1934- Engelbert Dollfuss -Austrian politician, 14th Chancellor of Austria (b. 1892)

1942- Fred Englehardt -American triple jumper (b. 1879)

1952- Herbert Murrill -English organist and composer (b. 1909)

1958- Otto Lasanen -Finnish wrestler (b. 1891)

1959- Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog -Polish-Irish rabbi (b. 1888)

1962- Thibaudeau Rinfret -Canadian lawyer and jurist, 9th Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1879)

1963- Ugo Cerletti -Italian neurologist and academic (b. 1877)

1966- Frank O'Hara -American poet and critic (b. 1926)

1967- Konstantinos Parthenis -Egyptian-Greek painter (b. 1878)

1971- John Meyers (swimmer)|John Meyers -American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1880)

1971- Leroy Robertson -American composer and educator (b. 1896)

1973- Louis St. Laurent -Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1882)

1980- Vladimir Vysotsky -Russian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1938)

1982- Hal Foster -Canadian-American author and illustrator (b. 1892)

1984- Bryan Hextall -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1913)

1984- Big Mama Thornton -American singer-songwriter (b. 1926)

1986- Vincente Minnelli -American director and screenwriter (b. 1903)

1988- Judith Barsi -American actress (b. 1978)

1989- Steve Rubell -American businessman, co-owner of Studio 54 (b. 1943)

1992- Alfred Drake -American actor and singer (b. 1914)

1995- Charlie Rich -American singer-songwriter (b. 1932)

1996- Howard Vernon -Swiss actor (b. 1914)

1997- Ben Hogan -American golfer (b. 1912)

1998- Tal Farlow -American guitarist (b. 1921)

1998- Evangelos Papastratos -Greek businessman, co-founded Papastratos (b. 1910)

2000- Rudi Faßnacht -German footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1934)

2002- Abdel Rahman Badawi -Egyptian philosopher and poet (b. 1917)

2003- Ludwig Bölkow -German engineer (b. 1912)

2003- Erik Brann -American singer and guitarist (Iron Butterfly) (b. 1950)

2003- John Schlesinger -English-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1926)

2004- John Passmore -Australian philosopher and academic (b. 1914)

2005- Albert Mangelsdorff -German trombonist (b. 1928)

2006- Carl Brashear -American sailor (b. 1931)

2006- Ezra Fleischer -Romanian-Israeli poet and philologist (b. 1928)

2007- Bernd Jakubowski -German footballer and manager (b. 1952)

2007- Jesse Marunde -American strongman (b. 1979)

2008- Jeff Fehring -Australian footballer (b. 1955)

2008- Tracy Hall -American chemist and academic (b. 1919)

2008- Randy Pausch -American computer scientist and educator (b. 1960)

2009- Yasmin Ahmad -Malaysian actress, director, and screenwriter (b. 1958)

2009- Alexis Cohen -American singer (b. 1984)

2009- Vernon Forrest -American boxer (b. 1971)

2009- Stanley Middleton -English author (b. 1919)

2009- Harry Patch -English soldier (b. 1898)

2010- Redford White -Filipino actor (b. 1955)

2011- Michael Cacoyannis -Cypriot-Greek director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)

2012- David Barby -English antiques expert (b. 1943)

2012- Shelby Harris -American soldier (b. 1901)

2012- B. R. Ishara -Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1934)

2012- Barry Langford -English director and producer (b. 1926)

2012- Greg Mohns -American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1950)

2012- Franz West -Austrian painter and sculptor (b. 1947)

2013- Steve Berrios -American drummer (b. 1945)

2013- Mohamed Brahmi -Tunisian politician (b. 1955)

2013- Walter De Maria -American sculptor, illustrator, and composer (b. 1935)

2013- William J. Guste -American lawyer and politician (b. 1922)

2013- Hugh Huxley -English-American biologist and academic (b. 1924)

2013- Bernadette Lafont -French actress (b. 1938)

2013- Duilio Marzio -Argentinian actor (b. 1923)

2013- Kongar-ol Ondar -Russian singer (b. 1962)

2014- Carlo Bergonzi -Italian tenor and actor (b. 1924)

2014- Alan C. Greenberg -American businessman (b. 1927)

2014- Çolpan İlhan -Turkish actress (b. 1936)

2014- Bel Kaufman -German-American author and academic (b. 1911)

2014- Richard Larter -Australian painter and illustrator (b. 1929)