This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

1174- William the Lion|William I of Scotland -a key Rebellion|rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England|Henry II of England.

1249- Coronation -of Alexander III of Scotland|Alexander III as Kingdom of Scotland|King of Scots.

1260-The Livonian Order -suffers its greatest defeat in the 13th century in the Battle of Durbe against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

1490- John of Kastav -finishes a cycle of frescoes in the Holy Trinity Church, Hrastovlje|Holy Trinity Church in Hrastovlje (now southwestern Slovenia).

1558- Battle of Gravelines (1558)|Battle of Gravelines -In France, Spain|Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral, Count of Egmont|Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes at Gravelines.

1573- Eighty Years' War -The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.

1643- English Civil War -Battle of Roundway Down

1787-The Continental Congress -enacts the Northwest Ordinance establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also establishes procedures for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of Slavery in the United States|slavery.

1793-Journalist and French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat -is assassinated in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday, a member of the opposing political faction.

1794-The Battle of the Vosges -is fought between France|French forces and those of Prussia and Austria.

1814-The Carabinieri -the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established.

1830-The General Assembly's Institution, now the Scottish Church College -one of the pioneering institutions that ushered the Bengal Renaissance, is founded by Alexander Duff (missionary)|Alexander Duff and Raja Ram Mohan Roy, in Kolkata|Calcutta, India.

1854-In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico -General José María Yáñez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset-Boulbon.

1863- New York City draft riots -In New York City|New York, New York, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will be later regarded as the worst in History of the United States|United States history.

1878- Treaty of Berlin (1878)|Treaty of Berlin -The European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman Empire.

1905-The verdict in the six-month long Smarthavicharam -trial of Kuriyedath Thathri is pronounced, leading to the excommunication of 65 men of various castes.

1919-The British airship -R33 class airship|R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic Ocean|Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.

1923-The Hollywood Sign -is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles|Los Angeles, California. It originally reads "Hollywood''land'' " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.

1941- World War II -Montenegro|Montenegrins begin a popular Uprising in Montenegro|uprising against the Axis powers (''Trinaestojulski ustanak'').

1962-In an unprecedented action, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan -Night of the Long Knives (1962)|dismisses seven members of his Cabinet, marking the effective end of the National Liberal Party (UK, 1931)|National Liberals as a distinct force within British politics.

1973- Alexander Butterfield -reveals the existence of the "Nixon White House tapes|Nixon tapes" to the special United States Senate|Senate committee investigating the Watergate scandal|Watergate break in.

1977- Somalia -declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ethiopian-Somali War.

1977-New York, New York, amidst a period of History of New York City (1946–1977)#1970s|financial and social turmoil -experiences an New York City blackout of 1977|electrical blackout lasting nearly 24 hours that leads to widespread fires and looting.

1985-The Live Aid -benefit concert takes place in London|London, England, United Kingdom and Philadelphia|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as well as other venues such as Sydney|Sydney, Australia and Moscow|Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union.

1985- Vice President of the United States|Vice President -George H. W. Bush|George Bush becomes the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution#Acting President George H. W. Bush (1985)|Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan undergoes surgery to remove Polyp (medicine)|polyps from his Colon (anatomy)|colon.

2003-French Directorate-General for External Security|DGSE -personnel abort Opération 14 juillet|an operation to rescue Íngrid Betancourt from Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia|FARC rebels in Colombia, causing a political scandal when details are leaked to the press.

2013- George Zimmerman -is found State of Florida v. George Zimmerman|not guilty in the shooting of Trayvon Martin.

Famous Birthdays

1527- John Dee -English-Welsh mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer (d. 1609)

1579- Arthur Dee -English physician and chemist (d. 1651)

1590- Pope Clement X -(d. 1676)

1607- Wenceslaus Hollar -Czech-English painter and illustrator (d. 1677)

1608- Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor -(d. 1657)

1745- Robert Calder -Scottish admiral (d. 1818)

1760- István Pauli -Hungarian-Slovene priest and poet (d. 1829)

1770- Alexander Balashov -Russian general and politician (d. 1837)

1776- Caroline of Baden -(d. 1841)

1793- John Clare -English poet (d. 1864)

1798- Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia)|Alexandra Feodorovna -German-Russian wife of Nicholas I of Russia (d. 1860)

1821- Nathan Bedford Forrest -American general (d. 1877)

1831- Arthur Böttcher -German pathologist and anatomist (d. 1889)

1841- Otto Wagner -Austrian architect, designed the Austrian Postal Savings Bank and Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station (d. 1918)

1858- Stewart Culin -American ethnographer and author (d. 1929)

1859- Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield -English economist and politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies (d. 1947)

1864- John Jacob Astor IV -American colonel and businessman (d. 1912)

1876- William Michaels -American boxer (d. 1934)

1884- Yrjö Saarela -Finnish wrestler (d. 1951)

1889- Hjalmar Andersson -Swedish runner (d. 1971)

1889- Emma Asson -Estonian politician (d. 1965)

1889- Louise Mountbatten -German-Swedish wife of Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1965)

1892- Léo-Pol Morin -Canadian pianist, composer, and educator (d. 1941)

1892- Jonni Myyrä -Finnish javelin thrower (d. 1955)

1892- Kesarbai Kerkar -Indian singer (d. 1977)

1894- Isaak Babel -Russian journalist, author, and playwright (d. 1940)

1895- Sidney Blackmer -American actor and singer (d. 1973)

1896- Mordecai Ardon -Israeli painter (d. 1992)

1898- Julius Schreck -German commander (d. 1936)

1900- George Lewis (clarinetist)|George Lewis -American clarinet player and songwriter (d. 1969)

1901- Eric Portman -English actor (d. 1969)

1903- Kenneth Clark -English historian and author (d. 1983)

1905- Alfredo M. Santos -Filipino general (d. 1990)

1907- George Weller -American author, playwright, and journalist (d. 2002)

1910- Lien Gisolf -Dutch high jumper (d. 1993)

1910- Loren Pope -American journalist and author (d. 2008)

1913- Dave Garroway -American journalist and actor (d. 1982)

1913- Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller -Danish businessman (d. 2012)

1913- Kay Linaker -American actress and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1915- Kaoru Ishikawa -Japanese author and educator (d. 1989)

1918- Alberto Ascari -Italian race car driver (d. 1955)

1918- Marcia Brown -American author and illustrator

1920- William C. Friday -American academic (d. 2012)

1920- Bill Towers -English footballer (d. 2000)

1921- Git Gay -Swedish actress and singer (d. 2007)

1921- Ernest Gold (composer)|Ernest Gold -Austrian-American composer (d. 1999)

1921- Friedrich Peter -Austrian politician (d. 2005)

1922- Leslie Brooks -American actress and singer (d. 2011)

1922- Louis R. Harlan -American historian and academic (d. 2010)

1922- Anker Jørgensen -Danish politician, 16th Prime Minister of Denmark

1922- Ken Mosdell -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)

1924- Carlo Bergonzi -Italian tenor and actor (d. 2014)

1924- Michel Constantin -French actor (d. 2003)

1924- Johnny Gilbert -American game show host and announcer

1926- Robert H. Justman -American director, producer, and production manager (d. 2008)

1927- Simone Veil -French lawyer and politician, 12th President of the European Parliament

1928- Tommaso Buscetta -Italian-American mobster (d. 2000)

1928- Bob Crane -American actor (d. 1978)

1928- Sven Davidson -Swedish tennis player (d. 2008)

1928- Leroy Vinnegar -American bassist (d. 1999)

1929- Sofia Muratova -Russian gymnast (d. 2006)

1930- Sam Greenlee -American author (d. 2014)

1930- Naomi Shemer -Israeli singer-songwriter (d. 2004)

1930- Viktor Tsybulenko -Ukrainian javelin thrower (d. 2013)

1931- Frank Ramsey (basketball)|Frank Ramsey -American basketball player and coach

1931- F. Morgan Taylor, Jr. -American long jumper and businessman (d. 2010)

1932- Hubert Reeves -Canadian-French astrophysicist and author

1933- Patsy Byrne -English actress (d. 2014)

1933- David Storey -English author, playwright, and screenwriter

1934- Peter Gzowski -Canadian journalist and academic (d. 2002)

1934- Gordon Lee (footballer)|Gordon Lee -English footballer and manager

1934- Wole Soyinka -Nigerian author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate

1934- Aleksei Yeliseyev -Russian engineer and astronaut

1935- Jack Kemp -American football player and politician, 9th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (d. 2009)

1935- Earl Lovelace -Trinidadian journalist, author, and playwright

1935- Monique Vézina -Canadian politician

1935- Kurt Westergaard -Danish cartoonist

1936- Albert Ayler -American saxophonist and composer (d. 1970)

1937- Ghillean Prance -English botanist and ecologist

1938- Richard Rust -American actor (d. 1994)

1939- Prakash Mehra -Indian director and producer (d. 2009)

1939- Lambert Jackson Woodburne -South African admiral (d. 2013)

1940- Donald Lautrec -Canadian singer and actor

1940- Tom Lichtenberg -American football player and coach (d. 2013)

1940- Patrick Stewart -English actor, director, and producer

1941- Robert Forster -American actor and producer

1941- Ehud Manor -Israeli songwriter (d. 2005)

1941- Jacques Perrin -French actor, director, and producer

1942- Harrison Ford -American actor and producer

1942- Roger McGuinn -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Byrds and Chad Mitchell Trio)

1943- Chris Serle -English journalist and actor

1944- Ernő Rubik -Hungarian game designer, architect, and educator, invented the Rubik's Cube

1944- Cyril Knowles -English footballer and manager (d. 1991)

1946- Cheech Marin -American actor, singer, and screenwriter

1948- Catherine Breillat -French director and screenwriter

1948- Tony Kornheiser -American sportscaster

1948- Daphne Maxwell Reid -American actress

1949- Helena Fibingerová -Czech shot putter

1950- Rod Dixon -New Zealand runner

1950- George Nelson (astronaut)|George Nelson -American astronomer and astronaut

1950- Janet Rossant -English-Canadian biologist

1950- Ma Ying-jeou -Hong Kong-Taiwanese politician, 12th President of the Republic of China

1951- Rob Bishop -American educator and politician

1951- Didi Conn -American actress and singer

1953- Gil Birmingham -American actor

1953- Larry Gomes -Tobagan cricketer

1953- Mila Mulroney -Bosnian-Canadian wife of Brian Mulroney

1954- Sezen Aksu -Turkish singer-songwriter and producer

1954- Rick Chartraw -Venezuelan-American ice hockey player

1954- Louise Mandrell -American singer

1954- David Thompson (basketball)|David Thompson -American basketball player

1955- Mark Mendoza -American bass player (Twisted Sister and The Dictators)

1956- Claude Giroux (wrestler)|Claude Giroux -Canadian wrestler

1956- Michael Spinks -American boxer

1956- Frank Dux -American martial artist and choreographer

1957- Thierry Boutsen -Belgian race car driver

1957- Lília Cabral -Brazilian actress

1957- Cameron Crowe -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1957- Jane Hamilton -American author

1957- Phil Margera -American television personality

1959- Richard Leman -English field hockey player

1960- Robert Abraham (American football)|Robert Abraham -American football player

1960- Ian Hislop -Welsh-English journalist and screenwriter

1960- Curtis Rouse -American football player (d. 2013)

1961- Tahira Asif -Pakistani politician (d. 2014)

1961- Khalid Mahmood -Pakistani-English politician

1961- Stelios Manolas -Greek footballer and manager

1961- Tim Watson -Australian footballer, coach, and journalist

1962- Tom Kenny -American voice actor, singer, and screenwriter

1962- Rhonda Vincent -American singer-songwriter and mandolin player

1963- Neal Foulds -English snooker player and sportscaster

1963- Kenny Johnson -American actor

1963- Spud Webb -American basketball player

1964- Paul Thorn -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1965- Lesli Kay -American actress

1965- Eileen Ivers -American fiddler (Cherish the Ladies)

1966- Gerald Levert -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (LeVert and LSG) (d. 2006)

1966- Natalia Luis-Bassa -Venezuelan-English conductor

1967- Dean Barnett -American journalist and blogger (d. 2008)

1967- Benny Benassi -Italian DJ and producer (Benassi Bros.)

1967- Richard Marles -Australian lawyer and politician

1968- Robert Gant -American actor

1969- Barney Greenway -English singer-songwriter (Napalm Death, Extreme Noise Terror, and Benediction (band)|Benediction)

1969- Ken Jeong -American actor, producer, and physician

1969- Kakhi Kakhiashvili -Georgian-Greek weightlifter

1969- Oleg Serebrian -Moldovan politician

1970- Barry Pinches -English snooker player

1970- Andrei Tivontchik -German pole vaulter

1971- Craig Elliott -American illustrator

1971- Mark Neeld -Australian footballer and coach

1971- Jason Reece -American guitarist and drummer (...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead and A Roman Scandal (band)|A Roman Scandal)

1972- Sven Lõhmus -Estonian composer and producer

1972- Sean Waltman -American wrestler

1973- Mohamed Atiq Awayd Al Harbi -Saudi Arabian terrorist

1973- Ariel Zárate -Argentinian footballer

1974- Deborah Cox -Canadian singer-songwriter and actress

1974- Jarno Trulli -Italian race car driver

1975- Danni Boatwright -American model and sportscaster, Miss Kansas USA|Miss Kansas USA 1996

1975- Mariada Pieridi -Cypriot singer-songwriter

1976- Al Santos (actor)|Al Santos -American model, actor, and producer

1976- Sheldon Souray -Canadian ice hockey player

1977- Chris Horn -American football player

1977- Ashley Scott -American actress

1978- Eva Jinek -American-Dutch journalist

1978- Ryan Ludwick -American baseball player

1978- Kate More -American porn actress

1978- Prodromos Nikolaidis -Greek basketball player

1979- Craig Bellamy -Welsh footballer

1979- Daniel Díaz -Argentinian footballer

1979- Jonathan Goulet -Canadian mixed martial artist

1979- Libuše Průšová -Czech tennis player

1979- Lucinda Ruh -Swiss figure skater

1979- Fernando Salazar -Mexican footballer

1980- Corey Clark -American singer

1980- Karolina Gruszka -Polish actress

1980- Becky O'Donohue -American model and actress

1980- Jessie O'Donohue -American model and actress

1980- Master Saleem -Indian singer

1981- Ágnes Kovács -Hungarian swimmer

1981- Fran Kranz -American actor

1981- Mirco Lorenzetto -Italian cyclist

1981- Ineta Radēviča -Latvian long jumper

1982- Brooke Ballentyne -American porn actress

1982- Aya Cash -American actress

1982- Chri$ Ca$h -American wrestler (d. 2005)

1982- Shin-Soo Choo -South Korean baseball player

1982- Simon Clist -English footballer

1982- Samia Ghadie -English actress

1982- Dominic Isaacs -South African footballer

1982- Nick Kenny (rugby league)|Nick Kenny -Australian rugby player

1982- Yadier Molina -Puerto Rican baseball player

1983- Kristof Beyens -Belgian sprinter

1983- Marco Pomante -Italian footballer

1983- Carmen Villalobos -Colombian actress and dancer

1983- Liu Xiang -Chinese hurdler

1984- Scott Gerbacia -American actor

1984- Ida Maria -Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1984- Urvashi Sharma -Indian actress and model

1985- Trell Kimmons -American sprinter

1985- Guillermo Ochoa -Mexican footballer

1986- Pierrick Lilliu -French singer-songwriter

1987- Neil Denis -Canadian actor

1988- Tulisa Contostavlos -English singer-songwriter and actress (N-Dubz)

1988- Marcos Paulo Gelmini Gomes -Brazilian-Italian footballer

1988- Colton Haynes -American actor and model

1988- Steven R. McQueen -American actor

1988- Raúl Spank -German high jumper

1989- Charis Giannopoulos -Greek basketball player

1989- Sayumi Michishige -Japanese singer and actress (Morning Musume, Ecomoni, v-u-den)

1990- Eduardo Salvio -Argentinian footballer

1990- Matt Weinberg -American actor

1991- Ungsumalynn Sirapatsakmetha -Thai actress and model

1992- Dylan Patton -American actor

1992- Elise Matthysen -Belgian swimmer

1993- Daniel Bentley -English footballer

1993- Rena Nōnen -Japanese model and actress

1994- Ridge Canipe -American actor

1994- Hayley Erin -American actress

1996- Jena Irene -American singer-songwriter

1997- Leo Howard -American actor and martial artist

History of Deaths

574- Pope John III -

716- Emperor Ruizong of Tang -(b. 662)

939- Pope Leo VII -

1024- Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor -(b. 973)

1205- Hubert Walter -English archbishop (b. 1160)

1357- Bartolus de Saxoferrato -Italian academic and jurist (b. 1313)

1399- Peter Parler -German architect, designed St. Vitus Cathedral and Charles Bridge (b. 1330)

1402- Jianwen Emperor -of China (b. 1377)

1551- John Wallop -English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)

1621- Albert VII, Archduke of Austria -(b. 1559)

1626- Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester -English politician (b. 1563)

1628- Robert Shirley -English soldier and diplomat (b. 1581)

1629- Caspar Bartholin the Elder -Swedish physician and theologian (b. 1585)

1683- Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex -English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1631)

1693- Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms -(b. 1636)

1755- Edward Braddock -English general (b. 1695)

1760- Conrad Weiser -German-American diplomat (b. 1696)

1761- Tokugawa Ieshige -Japanese shogun (b. 1712)

1762- James Bradley -English priest and astronomer (b. 1693)

1789- Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau -French economist (b. 1715)

1793- Jean-Paul Marat -French physician and theorist (b. 1743)

1807- Henry Benedict Stuart -Italian cardinal (b. 1725)

1882- Johnny Ringo -American criminal (b. 1850)

1889- Robert Hamerling -Austrian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1830)

1890- John C. Frémont -American general and politician, 5th List of Governors of Arizona|Territorial Governor of Arizona (b. 1813)

1890- Johann Voldemar Jannsen -Estonian journalist and poet (b. 1819)

1896- August Kekulé -German chemist and academic (b. 1829)

1907- Henrik Sillem -Dutch target shooter (b. 1866)

1921- Gabriel Lippmann -Luxembourger physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)

1922- Martin Dies, Sr. -American politician (b. 1870)

1937- Robert Fournier-Sarlovèze -French polo player and politician (b. 1869)

1941- Ilmar Raud -Estonian chess player (b. 1913)

1945- Alla Nazimova -Russian-American actress, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1879)

1946- Alfred Stieglitz -American photographer (b. 1864)

1951- Arnold Schoenberg -Austrian-American composer and painter (b. 1874)

1954- Frida Kahlo -Mexican painter (b. 1907)

1955- Ruth Ellis -Welsh murderer (b. 1926)

1960- Joy Davidman -American-English poet and author (b. 1915)

1965- Photis Kontoglou -Greek painter (b. 1895)

1967- Tom Simpson -English cyclist (b. 1937)

1967- Tommy Lucchese -Italian-American mobster (b. 1899)

1970- Leslie Groves -American general (b. 1896)

1973- Willy Fritsch -German actor and screenwriter (b. 1901)

1974- Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett -English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)

1974- Marthe Vinot -French actress (b. 1894)

1976- Frederick Hawksworth -English engineer (b. 1884)

1976- Joachim Peiper -German SS officer (b. 1915)

1979- Ludwig Merwart -Austrian painter and illustrator (b. 1913)

1980- Seretse Khama -Botswana politician, 1st List of heads of state of Botswana|President of Botswana (b. 1921)

1983- Gabrielle Roy -Canadian author and engineer (b. 1909)

1993- Davey Allison -American race car driver (b. 1961)

1995- Godtfred Kirk Christiansen -Danish businessman (b. 1920)

1996- Pandro S. Berman -American director, producer, and production manager (b. 1905)

1997- Miguel Ángel Blanco -Spanish politician (b. 1968)

1999- Konstantinos Kollias -Greek general and politician, 168th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1901)

2000- Jan Karski -Polish-American activist and academic (b. 1914)

2002- Yousuf Karsh -Turkish-Canadian photographer (b. 1908)

2003- Compay Segundo -Cuban singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1907)

2004- Arthur Kane -American bass player (New York Dolls) (b. 1949)

2004- Carlos Kleiber -German-Austrian conductor (b. 1930)

2006- Michael Busselle -English photographer and author (b. 1935)

2006- Red Buttons -American actor and singer (b. 1919)

2007- Michael Reardon (climber)|Michael Reardon -American mountaineer (b. 1965)

2008- Bronisław Geremek -Polish historian and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland (b. 1932)

2009- Dash Snow -American photographer and painter (b. 1981)

2010- Manohari Singh -Indian saxophonist and composer (b. 1931)

2010- George Steinbrenner -American businessman (b. 1930)

2011- Allan Jeans -Australian footballer and coach (b. 1933)

2012- Shlomo Bentin -Romanian-Israeli psychologist and academic (b. 1946)

2012- Polde Bibič -Slovenian actor and screenwriter (b. 1933)

2012- Warren Jabali -American basketball player (b. 1946)

2012- Jerzy Kulej -Polish boxer and politician (b. 1940)

2012- Sage Stallone -American actor, director, and producer (b. 1976)

2012- Richard D. Zanuck -American film producer (b. 1934)

2012- Ginny Tyler -American voice actress and singer (b. 1925)

2013- Bana (singer)|Bana -Cape Verdean singer (b. 1932)

2013- Leonard Garment -American lawyer and public servant, 14th White House Counsel (b. 1924)

2013- Henri Julien (motor sports)|Henri Julien -French race car driver (b. 1927)

2013- Cory Monteith -Canadian actor and singer (b. 1982)

2013- Ottavio Quattrocchi -Italian businessman (b. 1938)

2013- Vernon B. Romney -American lawyer and politician, 14th Attorney General of Utah (b. 1924)

2013- Marc Simont -French-American author and illustrator (b. 1915)

2014- Thomas Berger (novelist)|Thomas Berger -American author and playwright (b. 1924)

2014- Geoffrey Blackburn -Australian minister (b. 1914)

2014- Nadine Gordimer -South African author and activist, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)

2014- Lorin Maazel -French-American violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1930)

2014- Jan Nolten -Dutch cyclist (b. 1930)