This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


48 BC- Battle of Dyrrhachium (48 BC)|Battle of Dyrrhachium -Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia (Roman province)|Macedonia.

138-Emperor Hadrian -dies after a heart failure at Baiae; he is buried at Ancient Rome|Rome in the Castel Sant'Angelo|Tomb of Hadrian beside his late wife, Vibia Sabina.

645- Isshi Incident -Prince Emperor Tenji|Naka-no-Ōe and Fujiwara no Kamatari assassinate Soga no Iruka during a ''coup d'état'' at the imperial palace.

988-The Norse King Glun Iarainn -recognises Máel Sechnaill II, High King of Ireland, and agrees to pay taxes and accept Brehon Law; the event is considered to be the founding of the city of Dublin.

1212-The most severe of several early fires of London -burns most of the city to the ground.

1460- Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick -defeats the king's House of Lancaster|Lancastrian forces and takes Henry VI of England|King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton (1460)|Battle of Northampton.

1499-The Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho -returns to Lisbon, after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama.

1519- Zhu Chenhao -declares the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde Emperor|Zhengde a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing.

1553- Lady Jane Grey -takes the throne of England.

1584- William I of Orange -is assassination|assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard.

1645- English Civil War -The Battle of Langport takes place.

1778- American Revolution -Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1789- Alexander Mackenzie (explorer)|Alexander Mackenzie -reaches the Mackenzie River delta.

1806-The Vellore Mutiny -is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.

1821-The United States takes possession of its newly bought territory of Florida -from Spain.

1832-The President of the United States|U.S. President -Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.

1850- Millard Fillmore -is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term.

1877-The then- villa -of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.

1882- War of the Pacific -Chile suffers its last military defeat in the Battle of La Concepción when a garrison of 77 men is annihilated by a 1,300-strong Peruvian force, many of them armed with spears.

1890- Wyoming -is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.

1913- Death Valley National Park|Death Valley -California, hits {{convert|134|°F}}, the highest temperature recorded in the United States.

1921- Bloody Sunday (1921)|Belfast's Bloody Sunday -Sixteen people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

1925- Meher Baba -begins his silence of 44 years. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.

1925- Scopes Trial -In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.

1938- Howard Hughes -sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world.

1940- World War II -The Vichy France|Vichy government is established in France.

1941- Jedwabne Pogrom -The Wiktionary:massacre|massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.

1942- Diplomatic relations -between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established.

1942-World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero -on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics.

1946-Hungarian hyperinflation -sets a record with inflation of 348.46 percent per day, or prices doubling every eleven hours.

1947- Muhammad Ali Jinnah -is recommended as the first Governor-General of Pakistan by the British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee.

1951- Korean War -Armistice negotiations begin at Kaesong.

1962- Telstar -the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.

1966-The Chicago Freedom Movement -led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people come to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter Paul and Mary.

1967- Uruguay -becomes a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works|Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1967-New Zealand adopts decimal currency -

1971- Hassan II of Morocco -survives an 1972 Moroccan coup attempt|attempted coup d'état, which lasts until June 11.

1973-The Bahamas -gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.

1973- National Assembly of Pakistan -passes a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh.

1973- John Paul Getty III -a grandson of the oil magnate J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.

1976-The Seveso disaster -occurs in Italy.

1976-One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola -following the Luanda Trial.

1978-'' World News with Charles Gibson|World News Tonight -' premieres on American Broadcasting Company|ABC.

1978-President Moktar Ould Daddah -of Mauritania is ousted in a bloodless coup d'état.

1980- Alexandra Palace -burns down for a second time.

1985-The Greenpeace -vessel ''Rainbow Warrior (1978)|Rainbow Warrior'' is Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior|bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand|Auckland harbour by French DGSE agents, killing Fernando Pereira.

1991-The South African cricket team -is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.

1991- Boris Yeltsin -takes office as the first elected President of Russia.

1992-In Miami, Florida -the former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for Recreational drug use|drug and racketeering violations.

1997-In London scientists report the findings of the DNA -analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supports the "out of Africa theory" of human evolution placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.

1997- Miguel Ángel Blanco -a member of People's Party (Spain)|Partido Popular (Spain), is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.

1998- Roman Catholic sex abuse cases -The Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas|Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were child sexual abuse|sexually abused by Rudolph Kos, a former priest.

2000- EADS -the world's second-largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace|DASA, and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA|CASA.

2002-At a Sotheby's -auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting ''Massacre of the Innocents (Rubens)|The Massacre of the Innocents'' is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet|Lord Thomson.

2005- Hurricane Dennis -slams into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.

2007- Erden Eruç -begins the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.

2008-Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski -is acquitted of all charges by a United Nations Tribunal accusing him of war crimes.

Famous Birthdays


1419- Emperor Go-Hanazono -of Japan (d. 1471)

1452- James III of Scotland -(d. 1488)

1509- John Calvin -French pastor and theologian (d. 1564)

1517- Odet de Coligny -French cardinal (d. 1571)

1592- Pierre d'Hozier -French genealogist and historian (d. 1660)

1614- Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey -Irish-English politician (d. 1686)

1625- Jean Herauld Gourville -French adventurer (d. 1703)

1638- David Teniers III -Flemish painter (d. 1685)

1666- John Ernest Grabe -German theologian and academic (d. 1711)

1682- Roger Cotes -English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1716)

1682- Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg -German missionary and linguist (d. 1719)

1723- William Blackstone -English jurist and politician (d. 1780)

1736- Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh -(d. 1807)

1792- George M. Dallas -American politician, 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864)

1802- Robert Chambers (publisher born 1802)|Robert Chambers -Scottish geologist and publisher, co-founded Chambers Harrap (d. 1871)

1804- Emma Smith -American religious leader (d. 1879)

1809- Friedrich August von Quenstedt -German geologist and palaeontologist (d. 1889)

1823- Louis-Napoléon Casault -Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1908)

1830- Camille Pissarro -Danish-French painter (d. 1903)

1832- Alvan Graham Clark -American astronomer (d. 1897)

1835- Henryk Wieniawski -Polish violinist and composer (d. 1880)

1839- Adolphus Busch -German brewer, co-founded Anheuser-Busch (d. 1913)

1856- Nikola Tesla -Serbian-American physicist and engineer (d. 1943)

1864- Austin Chapman -Australian politician, 4th Minister for Defence (Australia)|Australian Minister for Defence (d. 1926)

1867- Prince Maximilian of Baden -(d. 1929)

1871- Marcel Proust -French author and critic (d. 1922)

1874- Sergey Konenkov -Russian sculptor (d. 1971)

1875- Mary McLeod Bethune -American educator and activist (d. 1955)

1883- Johannes Blaskowitz -German general (d. 1948)

1883- Hugo Raudsepp -Estonian playwright and politician (d. 1952)

1888- Giorgio de Chirico -Greek-Italian painter (d. 1978)

1888- Toyohiko Kagawa -Japanese evangelist, author, and activist (d. 1960)

1894- Jimmy McHugh -American composer (d. 1969)

1895- Carl Orff -German composer and educator (d. 1982)

1896- Thérèse Casgrain -Canadian politician (d. 1981)

1897- Jack Diamond (gangster)|Jack Diamond -American gangster (d. 1931)

1897- Karl Plagge -German general and engineer (d. 1957)

1898- Renée Björling -Swedish actress (d. 1975)

1899- John Gilbert (actor)|John Gilbert -American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1936)

1899- Heiri Suter -Swiss cyclist (d. 1978)

1900- Mitchell Parish -Lithuanian-American songwriter (d. 1993)

1900- Sampson Sievers -Russian monk and mystic (d. 1979)

1902- Kurt Alder -German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)

1902- Nicolás Guillén -Cuban poet, journalist, and activist (d. 1989)

1903- Werner Best -German SS officer and jurist (d. 1989)

1903- John Wyndham -English author (d. 1969)

1904- Lili Damita -French-American actress (d. 1994)

1905- Mildred Benson -American journalist and author (d. 2002)

1905- Thomas Gomez -American actor (d. 1971)

1905- Wolfram Sievers -German physician (d. 1948)

1907- Blind Boy Fuller -American singer and guitarist (d. 1941)

1909- Donald Sinclair (hotel owner)|Donald Sinclair -English lieutenant and businessman (d. 1981)

1913- Salvador Espriu -Spanish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1985)

1913- Elizabeth Inglis -English-American actress (d. 2007)

1914- Joe Shuster -Canadian-American illustrator, co-created Superman (d. 1992)

1916- Judith Jasmin -Canadian journalist (d. 1972)

1917- Hugh Alexander (baseball)|Hugh Alexander -American baseball player and scout (d. 2000)

1917- Don Herbert -American television host and producer (d. 2007)

1917- Reg Smythe -English cartoonist (d. 1998)

1918- James Aldridge -Australian-English journalist and author

1919- Pierre Gamarra -French author, poet, and critic (d. 2009)

1920- David Brinkley -American journalist (d. 2003)

1920- Owen Chamberlain -American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)

1921- Harvey Ball -American illustrator, created the Smiley (d. 2001)

1921- Jeff Donnell -American actress (d. 1988)

1921- Jake LaMotta -American boxer and actor

1921- Eunice Kennedy Shriver -American activist, co-founded the Special Olympics (d. 2009)

1922- Jean Kerr -American author and playwright (d. 2003)

1922- Herb McKenley -Jamaican sprinter (d. 2007)

1923- John Bradley (United States Navy)|John Bradley -American soldier (d. 1994)

1923- Suzanne Cloutier -Canadian actress (d. 2003)

1923- Earl Hamner, Jr. -American screenwriter and producer

1923- G. A. Kulkarni -Indian author and academic (d. 1987)

1924- Johnny Bach -American basketball player and coach

1924- Bobo Brazil -American wrestler (d. 1998)

1925- Mahathir Mohamad -4th Prime Minister of Malaysia

1926- Fred Gwynne -American actor and singer (d. 1993)

1927- Grigory Barenblatt -Russian mathematician and academic

1927- David Dinkins -American soldier and politician, 106th Mayor of New York City

1928- Bernard Buffet -French painter (d. 1999)

1928- Alejandro de Tomaso -Argentinian-Italian race car driver and businessman, founded De Tomaso (d. 2003)

1928- Moshe Greenberg -American-Israeli rabbi and scholar (d. 2010)

1929- Winnie Ewing -Scottish lawyer and politician

1929- Moe Norman -Canadian golfer (d. 2004)

1930- Bruce Boa -Canadian-English actor (d. 2004)

1930- Susan Cummings (actress)|Susan Cummings -German-American actress.

1931- Nick Adams (actor)|Nick Adams -American actor and screenwriter (d. 1968)

1931- Jerry Herman -American composer and songwriter

1931- Julian May -American author

1931- Alice Munro -Canadian author, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate

1932- Carlo Maria Abate -Italian race car driver

1933- Jan DeGaetani -American soprano (d. 1989)

1933- C.K. Yang -Taiwanese decathlete and pole vaulter (d. 2007)

1934- Jerry Nelson -American puppeteer and voice actor (d. 2012)

1935- Tura Satana -American actress and dancer (d. 2011)

1936- Tunne Kelam -Estonian politician

1937- Edwards Barham -American farmer and politician (d. 2014)

1938- Paul Andreu -French architect, designed the Osaka Maritime Museum and the National Centre for the Performing Arts (China)|National Grand Theater of China

1938- Lee Morgan -American trumpet player and composer (d. 1972)

1939- Phil Kelly (footballer born 1939)|Phil Kelly -Irish-English footballer (d. 2012)

1939- Ahmet Taner Kışlalı -Turkish political scientist, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)

1940- Meghnad Desai, Baron Desai -Indian-English economist and politician

1940- Helen Donath -American soprano and actress

1940- Tom Farmer -Scottish businessman

1940- Brian Priestley -English pianist and composer (National Youth Jazz Orchestra)

1941- Jake Eberts -Canadian film producer (d. 2012)

1941- David G. Hartwell -American anthologist and author

1941- Robert Pine -American actor and director

1941- Ian Whitcomb -English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1942- Ronnie James Dio -American singer-songwriter and producer (Rainbow (British band)|Rainbow, Black Sabbath, Dio (band)|Dio, Heaven & Hell (band)|Heaven & Hell, and Elf (band)|Elf) (d. 2010)

1942- Pyotr Klimuk -Belarusian general, pilot, and astronaut

1942- Sixto Rodriguez -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1943- Arthur Ashe -American tennis player and journalist (d. 1993)

1943- Rashid Sharafetdinov -Russian runner (d. 2012)

1944- K. S. Balachandran -Sri Lankan-Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1944- Norman Hammond -English archaeologist and academic

1945- Ron Glass -American actor

1945- Hal McRae -American baseball player and manager

1945- Peter Michalica -Slovak violinist

1945- John Motson -English sportscaster

1945- Jean-Marie Poiré -French director, producer, and screenwriter

1945- Virginia Wade -English tennis player and sportscaster

1946- Sue Lyon -American actress

1947- Arlo Guthrie -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor

1948- Ronnie Cutrone -American painter (d. 2013)

1948- Chico Resch -Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster

1949- Anna Czerwińska -Polish mountaineer and author

1949- Sunil Gavaskar -Indian cricketer and sportscaster

1949- Greg Kihn -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Greg Kihn Band)

1949- Winston Rekert -Canadian actor and director (d. 2012)

1949- John Whitehead (singer)|John Whitehead -American singer-songwriter and producer (McFadden & Whitehead) (d. 2004)

1950- Tony Baldry -English colonel, lawyer, and politician

1950- Prokopis Pavlopoulos -Greek lawyer and politician, Ministry of the Interior (Greece)|Greek Minister for the Interior

1951- Judy Mallaber -English politician

1951- Phyllis Smith -American actress

1951- Cheryl Wheeler -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1952- Kim Mitchell -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Max Webster)

1952- Ludmilla Tourischeva -Russian gymnast

1952- Peter van Heemst -Dutch politician

1953- Rik Emmett -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Triumph (band)|Triumph and Strung-Out Troubadours)

1953- Zoogz Rift -American guitarist and composer (d. 2011)

1954- Tommy Bowden -American football player and coach

1954- Andre Dawson -American baseball player

1954- Neil Tennant -English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Pet Shop Boys and Electronic (band)|Electronic)

1955- Nic Dakin -English educator and politician

1956- Tom McClintock -American politician

1957- Cindy Sheehan -American activist

1958- Béla Fleck -American banjo player and songwriter (Sparrow Quartet, New Grass Revival, Strength in Numbers (band)|Strength in Numbers, and Trio!)

1958- Fiona Shaw -Irish actress and director

1959- Ellen Kuras -American director and cinematographer

1959- Sandy West -American singer-songwriter and drummer (The Runaways) (d. 2006)

1960- Jeff Bergman -American voice actor

1960- Seth Godin -American theorist and author

1961- Jacky Cheung -Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor

1963- Richard Waites (actor)|Richard Waites -English actor

1964- Martin Laurendeau -Canadian tennis player and coach

1964- Urban Meyer -American football player and coach

1964- Wilfried Peeters -Belgian cyclist

1965- Alec Mapa -American actor

1965- Scott McCarron -American golfer

1965- Ken Mellons -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1966- Gina Bellman -New Zealand-English actress

1966- Clive Efford -English politician

1966- Johnny Grunge -American wrestler (d. 2006)

1966- Christian Stangl -Austrian mountaineer

1967- Rebekah Del Rio -American singer-songwriter

1967- Tom Meents -American monster truck driver

1967- Silvetty Montilla -Brazilian drag queen performer

1967- Gillian Tett -English journalist and author

1967- John Yoo -South Korean-American lawyer, author, and educator

1968- Hassiba Boulmerka -Algerian runner

1968- Jonathan Gilbert -American actor

1969- Jamie Glover -English actor

1969- Gale Harold -American actor

1969- Alexandra Hedison -American actress

1969- Jonas Kaufmann -German tenor

1970- Lisa Coleman (actress)|Lisa Coleman -English actress

1970- Adam Hills -Australian comedian and actor

1970- Gary LeVox -American singer-songwriter (Rascal Flatts)

1970- Jason Orange -English singer-songwriter and dancer (Take That)

1970- John Simm -English actor

1970- Helen Sjöholm -Swedish singer and actress

1971- Adam Foote -Canadian ice hockey player

1971- Gregory Goodridge -Barbadian footballer and coach

1972- Urve Palo -Estonian politician

1972- Peter Serafinowicz -English actor, producer, and screenwriter

1972- Sofía Vergara -Colombian-American actress and producer

1972- Tilo Wolff -German-Swiss singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (Lacrimosa (band)|Lacrimosa)

1973- Annie Mumolo -American actress, producer, and screenwriter

1974- Imelda May -Irish singer-songwriter

1975- Andrew Firestone -American businessman

1975- Brendan Gaughan -American race car driver

1975- Alain Nasreddine -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1975- Stefán Karl Stefánsson -Icelandic actor

1975- Richard Westbrook -English race car driver

1976- Edmílson (footballer born 1976)|Edmílson -Brazilian footballer

1976- Elijah Blue Allman -American singer and guitarist (Deadsy)

1976- Ludovic Giuly -French footballer

1976- Adrian Grenier -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1976- Brendon Lade -Australian footballer and coach

1976- Lars Ricken -German footballer

1977- Moktar Ali Zubeyr -Somali militant leader (d. 2014)

1977- Schapelle Corby -Australian-Indonesian drug smuggler

1977- Chiwetel Ejiofor -English actor and singer

1977- Jesse Lacey -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Brand New (band)|Brand New and Taking Back Sunday)

1977- Gwendoline Yeo -Singaporean-American actress

1979- Mvondo Atangana -Cameroon footballer

1980- Thomas Ian Nicholas -American actor, singer, and producer

1980- Alejandro Millán -Mexican singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Elfonía and Stream of Passion)

1980- Adam Petty -American race car driver (d. 2000)

1980- James Rolfe (filmmaker)|James Rolfe -American actor, director, and producer

1980- Jessica Simpson -American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer

1980- Han Eun-jung -South Korean actress

1981- Aleksandar Tunchev -Bulgarian footballer

1982- Alex Arrowsmith -American guitarist and producer (The Shaky Hands)

1982- Juliya Chernetsky -Ukrainian-American television host

1982- Sebastian Mila -Polish footballer

1983- Giuseppe De Feudis -Italian footballer

1983- Matthew Egan -Australian footballer

1983- Kim Heechul -South Korean singer and actor (Super Junior and Super Junior-T)

1983- Joelson José Inácio -Brazilian footballer

1983- Gemma Sanderson -Australian model

1984- María Julia Mantilla -Peruvian model, Miss World 2004

1984- Nikolaos Mitrou -Greek footballer

1984- Manjari Phadnis -Indian actress

1985- Park Chu-young -South Korean footballer

1985- B. J. Crombeen -American ice hockey player

1985- Mario Gómez -German footballer

1986- Simenona Martinez -American actress

1987- Brian Belo -English-Nigerian actor

1988- Antonio Brown (wide receiver, born 1988)|Antonio Brown -American football player

1988- Heather Hemmens -American actress

1990- Sung Joon -South Korean model and actor

1991- María Chacón -Mexican actress and singer (Play (Mexican band)|Play)

1991- Atsuko Maeda -Japanese singer and actress (AKB48)

1992- Larissa Marolt -Austrian model and actress

1993- Carlon Jeffery -American actor

1998- Haley Pullos -American actress

History of Deaths


138- Hadrian -Roman emperor (b. 76)

645- Soga no Iruka -Japanese politician

649- Emperor Taizong of Tang -(b. 598)

1103- Eric I of Denmark -(b. 1060)

1290- Ladislaus IV of Hungary -(b. 1262)

1460- Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham -English commander and politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1402)

1461- Stephen Thomas of Bosnia -(b. 1412)

1480- René of Anjou -(b. 1410)

1559- Henry II of France -(b. 1519)

1584- William the Silent -Prince of Orange and ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands (b. 1533)

1590- Charles II, Archduke of Austria -(b. 1540)

1594- Paolo Bellasio -Italian organist and composer (b. 1554)

1603- Joan Terès i Borrull -Spanish archbishop (b. 1538)

1621- Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy -French commander (b. 1571)

1653- Gabriel Naudé -French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)

1680- Louis Moréri -French priest (b. 1643)

1683- François Eudes de Mézeray -French historian (b. 1610)

1686- John Fell (bishop)|John Fell -English bishop and academic (b. 1625)

1776- Richard Peters (cleric)|Richard Peters -English lawyer and minister (b. 1704)

1794- Gaspard de Bernard de Marigny -French general (d. 1754)

1806- George Stubbs -English painter (b. 1724)

1848- Karoline Jagemann -German actress and singer (b. 1777)

1851- Louis Daguerre -French photographer and physicist, invented the daguerreotype (b. 1787)

1863- Clement Clarke Moore -American author and educator (b. 1779)

1881- Georg Hermann Nicolai -German architect and educator (b. 1812)

1884- Paul Morphy -American chess player (b. 1837)

1908- Phoebe Knapp -American organist and composer (b. 1839)

1920- John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher -Sri Lankan-English admiral (b. 1841)

1941- Jelly Roll Morton -American pianist, composer, and bandleader (Red Hot Peppers) (b. 1890)

1950- Richard Maury -American-Argentinian engineer (b. 1882)

1952- Rued Langgaard -Danish organist and composer (b. 1893)

1954- Calogero Vizzini -Italian mob boss (b. 1877)

1956- Joe Giard -American baseball player (b. 1898)

1962- Yehuda Leib Maimon -Israeli rabbi and politician (b. 1875)

1963- Teddy Wakelam -English rugby player and sportscaster (b. 1893)

1970- Bjarni Benediktsson -Icelandic politician, 13th Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1908)

1971- Laurent Dauthuille -French boxer (b. 1924)

1971- George Kenner -German-American painter and illustrator (b. 1888)

1972- Lovie Austin -American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1887)

1972- Francis Gailey -Australian-American swimmer (b. 1882)

1978- Joe Davis -English snooker player (b. 1901)

1978- John D. Rockefeller III -American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Asia Society (b. 1906)

1979- Arthur Fiedler -American conductor (b. 1894)

1980- Joseph Krumgold -American author and screenwriter (b. 1908)

1981- Ken McElroy -American murder victim (b. 1936)

1985- Fernando Pereira -Dutch photographer (b. 1950)

1986- Tadeusz Piotrowski (mountaineer)|Tadeusz Piotrowski -Polish mountaineer and author (b. 1940)

1987- John Hammond (producer)|John Hammond -American record producer, critic, and activist (b. 1910)

1989- Mel Blanc -American voice actor and singer (b. 1908)

1993- Ruth Krauss -American author and poet (b. 1901)

1993- Sam Rolfe -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)

1996- Eno Raud -Estonian author (b. 1928)

2000- Vakkom Majeed -Indian politician (b. 1909)

2000- Justin Pierce -English-American actor and skateboarder (b. 1975)

2002- Jean-Pierre Côté -Canadian politician, 23rd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)

2002- Evangelos Florakis -Greek general (b. 1943)

2002- Laurence Janifer -American author (b. 1933)

2003- Winston Graham -English author (b. 1908)

2003- Hartley Shawcross, Baron Shawcross -German-English lawyer and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1902)

2004- Pati Behrs -Russian-American ballerina and actress (b. 1922)

2005- A. J. Quinnell -English author (b. 1940)

2005- Freddy Soto -American comedian and actor (b. 1970)

2005- Freda Wright-Sorce -American radio host (b. 1955)

2006- Shamil Basayev -Chechen rebel leader (b. 1965)

2007- Abdul Rashid Ghazi -Pakistani soldier (b. 1951)

2007- Doug Marlette -American cartoonist and author (b. 1949)

2007- Zheng Xiaoyu -Chinese diplomat (b. 1944)

2008- Hiroaki Aoki -Japanese-American wrestler and businessman, founded Benihana (b. 1938)

2008- Mike Souchak -American golfer (b. 1927)

2011- Pierrette Alarie -Canadian soprano (b. 1921)

2011- Roland Petit -French dancer and choreographer (b. 1924)

2012- Dolphy -Filipino actor, singer, and producer (b. 1928)

2012- Lol Coxhill -English saxophonist (b. 1932)

2012- Maria Cole -American singer (b. 1922)

2012- Peter Kyros -American lawyer and politician (b. 1925)

2012- Fritz Langanke -German lieutenant (b. 1919)

2012- Berthe Meijer -German-Dutch journalist and author (b. 1938)

2012- Viktor Suslin -Russian-German composer (b. 1942)

2013- Philip Caldwell -American businessman (b. 1920)

2013- Józef Gara -Polish poet and linguist (b. 1929)

2013- Concha García Campoy -Spanish journalist (b. 1958)

2013- Caroline Duby Glassman -American lawyer and jurist (b. 1922)

2013- Ku Ok-hee -South Korean golfer (b. 1956)

2013- Gokulananda Mahapatra -Indian author (b. 1922)

2014- Robert C. Broomfield -American judge (b. 1933)

2014- On Kawara -Japanese-American painter (b. 1933)

2014- Juozas Kazickas -Lithuanian-American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1918)

2014- Paul G. Risser -American ecologist and academic (b. 1939)

2014- Gloria Schweigerdt -American baseball player (b. 1934)

2014- Zohra Sehgal -Indian actress, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1912)