This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-9

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


475- List of Byzantine emperors|Byzantine Emperor -Zeno (emperor)|Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople, and his general, Basiliscus gains control of the empire.

681- Twelfth Council of Toledo -King Erwig of the Visigoths initiates a council in which he implements diverse measures against the Jews in Spain.

1127- Jin campaigns against the Song Dynasty|Jin–Song wars -Invading Jurchen people|Jurchen soldiers from the Jin Dynasty (1115–1234)|Jin Dynasty Jingkang Incident|besiege and sack Kaifeng|Bianjing (Kaifeng), the capital of the Song Dynasty of China, and abduct Emperor Qinzong of Song|Emperor Qinzong and others, ending the Northern Song Dynasty.

1150- Emperor Hailingwang of Jin|Prince Hailing of Jin -and other court officials murder Emperor Xizong of Jin. Hailing succeeds him as emperor.

1349-The Jewish population of Basel|Basel, Switzerland -believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing Black Death, is Basel massacre|rounded up and incinerated.

1431-Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc -begin in Rouen|Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.

1760- Afghanistan|Afghans -defeat Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.

1788- Connecticut -becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the United States.

1793- Jean-Pierre Blanchard -becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States.

1799- Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|British Prime Minister -William Pitt the Younger introduces an income tax of two shillings to the Pound Sterling|pound to raise funds for Great Britain's war effort in the Napoleonic Wars.

1806- Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson|Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson -receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral.

1816-Sir Humphry Davy -tests Davy lamp|his safety lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery.

1822-The Portuguese prince Pedro I of Brazil -decides to stay in Brazil against the orders of the Portuguese King João VI of Portugal|João VI, beginning the Brazilian independence process.

1839-The French Academy of Sciences -announces the Daguerreotype photography process.

1857-The 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake|Fort Tejon earthquake -strikes California, registering an estimated magnitude of 7.9.

1858- Anson Jones -the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.

1861- American Civil War -The "Star of the West" incident occurs near Charleston, South Carolina. It is considered by some historians to be the "First Shots of the American Civil War".

1861- Mississippi -becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War.

1863- American Civil War -the Battle of Fort Hindman begins in Arkansas.

1878- Umberto I of Italy|Umberto I -becomes House of Savoy|King of Italy.

1880-The Great Gale of 1880 -devastates parts of Oregon and Washington (state)|Washington with high winds and heavy snow.

1894- New England Telephone and Telegraph Company|New England Telephone and Telegraph -installs the first battery (electricity)|battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.

1903- Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson -son of the poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson|Alfred Tennyson, becomes the second Governor-General of Australia.

1909- Ernest Shackleton -leading the Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole, plants the Flag of the United Kingdom|British flag {{convert|97|nmi|km mi}} from the South Pole, the Farthest South|farthest anyone had ever reached at that time.

1914- Phi Beta Sigma -Fraternity Inc., the first historically black intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity to be officially recognized at Howard University, is founded.

1916- World War I -The Gallipoli Campaign|Battle of Gallipoli concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula.

1917-World War I: the Battle of Rafa -is fought near the Egyptian border with Palestine.

1918- Battle of Bear Valley -The last battle of the American Indian Wars.

1921- Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922)|Greco-Turkish War -The First Battle of İnönü, the first battle of the war, begins near Eskişehir in Anatolia.

1923- Juan de la Cierva -makes the first autogyro flight.

1923- Lithuanian people|Lithuanian -residents of the Klaipėda Region|Memel Territory Klaipėda Revolt|rebel against the League of Nations' decision to leave the area as a League of Nations mandate|mandated region under France|French control.

1927-A fire at the Laurier Palace Theatre fire|Laurier Palace movie theatre -in Montreal|Montreal, Quebec, Canada, kills 78 children.

1938- Paul of Greece -marries Frederica of Hanover in Athens.

1941- World War II -First flight of the Avro Lancaster.

1941-World War II: The Greek ''Triton'' (Y-5) sinks the Italian submarine ''Neghelli'' in Otranto -

1945-World War II: The United States invades Luzon -in the Philippines.

1947-Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the Black Dahlia -is last seen alive.

1957- Prime Minster of the United Kingdom|British Prime Minister -Sir Anthony Eden resigns from office following his failure to Suez Crisis|retake the Suez Canal from Egyptian sovereignty.

1960- President of Egypt -Gamal Abdel Nasser opens construction on the Aswan Dam by detonating ten tons of dynamite to demolish twenty tons of granite on the east bank of the Nile.

1964- Martyrs' Day (Panama)|Martyrs' Day -Several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag on the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, leading to fighting between U.S. military and Panamanian civilians.

1965-The Mirzapur Cadet College -formally opens for academic activities in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

1991-Representatives from the United States -and Iraq meet at the Geneva Peace Conference to try to find a peaceful resolution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

1992-The National Assembly of the Republika Srpska|Assembly of the Serb People in Bosnia and Herzegovina -proclaims the creation of Republika Srpska, a new state within Yugoslavia.

1996- First Chechen War -Chechen people|Chechen Separatism|separatists launch a raid against the helicopter airfield and later a civilian hospital in the city of Kizlyar in the neighboring Dagestan, which turns into Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisis|a massive hostage crisis involving thousands of civilians.

2004-An inflatable boat -carrying illegal Albanian emigrants Karaburun tragedy|stalls near the Karaburun Peninsula, Albania|Karaburun Peninsula while on the way to Brindisi|Brindisi, Italy; exposure to the elements kills 28.

2005- Mahmoud Abbas -wins the Palestinian presidential election, 2005|election to replace Yasser Arafat as President of the Palestinian National Authority. He replaces interim president Rawhi Fattouh.

2005-The Sudan People's Liberation Movement -and the Government of Sudan sign the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to end the Second Sudanese Civil War.

2007-Apple CEO Steve Jobs -unveils the first IPhone (original)|iPhone.

2011- Iran Air Flight 277 -crashes near Orumiyeh in the northeast of the country, killing 77 people.

2013-A SeaStreak -ferry traveling to lower Manhattan, New York City, crashes into the dock, injuring 85 people.

2014-An Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant explosion|explosion -at a Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant in Yokkaichi, Mie|Yokkaichi, Japan, kills at least five people and injures 17 others.

Famous Birthdays


727- Emperor Daizong of Tang|Dai Zong -Chinese emperor (d. 779)

1475- Crinitus -Italian scholar (d. 1507)

1554- Pope Gregory XV -(d. 1623)

1571- Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy -French commander (d. 1621)

1622- Empress Meishō -of Japan (d. 1696)

1674- Reinhard Keiser -German composer (d. 1739)

1685- Tiberius Hemsterhuis -Dutch philologist (d. 1766)

1728- Thomas Warton -English poet (d. 1790)

1735- John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent -English admiral (d. 1823)

1745- Caleb Strong -American lawyer and politician, 6th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)

1753- Luísa Todi -Portuguese soprano (d. 1833)

1773- Cassandra Austen -English painter (d. 1845)

1811- Gilbert Abbott à Beckett -English journalist and author (d. 1856)

1818- Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon -French sculptor and photographer (d. 1881)

1819- James Francis -Australian politician, 9th Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)

1822- Carol Benesch -Czech-Romanian architect, designed the Peleș Castle (d. 1896)

1823- Friedrich von Esmarch -German surgeon (d. 1908)

1829- Thomas William Robertson -English playwright (d. 1871)

1829- Adolf Schlagintweit -German botanist and explorer (d. 1857)

1832- Félix-Gabriel Marchand -Canadian journalist and politician, 11th Premier of Quebec (d. 1900)

1839- John Knowles Paine -American composer (d. 1906)

1848- Princess Frederica of Hanover -(d. 1926)

1849- John Hartley (tennis)|John Hartley -English tennis player (d. 1935)

1854- Lady Randolph Churchill -American-English wife of Lord Randolph Churchill (d. 1921)

1856- Anton Aškerc -Slovenian priest and poet (d. 1912)

1859- Carrie Chapman Catt -American activist, founded the League of Women Voters and International Alliance of Women (d. 1947)

1864- Vladimir Steklov -Russian mathematician and physicist (d. 1926)

1868- S. P. L. Sørensen -Danish chemist (d. 1939)

1870- Joseph Strauss (engineer)|Joseph Strauss -American engineer, co-designed the Golden Gate Bridge (d. 1938)

1873- Hayim Nahman Bialik -Ukrainian poet (d. 1934)

1873- John Flanagan (athlete)|John Flanagan -Irish-American hammer thrower (d. 1938)

1873- Harry Spanjer -American boxer (d. 1958)

1875- Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney -American sculptor and art collector, founded the Whitney Museum of American Art (d. 1942)

1876- Arthur Darby -English rugby player (d. 1960)

1879- John Broadus Watson -American psychologist (d. 1958)

1881- Lascelles Abercrombie -English poet and critic (d. 1938)

1881- Edouard Beaupré -Canadian giant and strongman (d. 1904)

1881- Giovanni Papini -Italian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1956)

1886- Lloyd Loar -American sound engineer and instrument designer (d. 1943)

1889- Vrindavan Lal Verma -Indian author and playwright (d. 1969)

1890- Karel Čapek -Czech author (d. 1938)

1890- Kurt Tucholsky -German journalist (d. 1935)

1891- August Gailit -Estonian author (d. 1960)

1892- Eva Bowring -American politician (d. 1985)

1896- Warwick Braithwaite -New Zealand-English conductor (d. 1971)

1897- Karl Löwith -German philosopher (d. 1973)

1898- Wally Baker -American super-centenarian (d. 2009)

1898- Gracie Fields -English-Italian actress and singer (d. 1979)

1899- Harald Tammer -Estonian journalist and weightlifter (d. 1942)

1900- Richard Halliburton -American adventurer and author (d. 1939)

1901- Vilma Bánky -Hungarian actress (d. 1991)

1901- Chic Young -American cartoonist (d. 1973)

1902- Rudolf Bing -Austrian-English opera manager (d. 1997)

1902- Josemaría Escrivá -Spanish priest and saint, founded Opus Dei (d. 1975)

1907- Eldred G. Smith -American patriarch (d. 2013)

1908- Simone de Beauvoir -French author (d. 1986)

1909- Anthony Mamo -Maltese politician, 1st President of Malta (d. 2008)

1909- Herva Nelli -Italian-American soprano (d. 1994)

1909- Patrick Peyton -Irish-American priest (d. 1992)

1911- Gypsy Rose Lee -American actress and dancer (d. 1970)

1912- Ralph Tubbs -English architect, designed the Dome of Discovery (d. 1996)

1913- Richard Nixon -American politician, 37th President of the United States (d. 1994)

1914- Kenny Clarke -American drummer and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 1985)

1915- Fernando Lamas -Argentinian actor (d. 1982)

1915- Anita Louise -American actress (d. 1970)

1916- Vic Mizzy -American composer (d. 2009)

1916- Peter Twinn -English mathematician and entomologist (d. 2004)

1918- Alma Ziegler -American baseball player (d. 2005)

1919- William Morris Meredith, Jr. -American poet (d. 2007)

1920- Chan Canasta -Polish-English magician (d. 1999)

1920- Clive Dunn -English actor and singer (d. 2012)

1920- Hakim Said -Pakistani scholar and politician, 20th Governor of Sindh (d. 1998)

1921- Lister Sinclair -Indian-Canadian broadcaster and playwright (d. 2006)

1921- John Sperling -American businessman, founded the University of Phoenix (d. 2014)

1922- Har Gobind Khorana -Indian-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel laureate (d. 2011)

1922- Ahmed Sékou Touré -Guinean politician, 1st President of Guinea (d. 1984)

1924- Sergei Parajanov -Georgian-Armenian director and screenwriter (d. 1990)

1925- Pierre Jalbert -Canadian-American actor (d. 2014)

1925- Len Quested -English footballer (d. 2012)

1925- Lee Van Cleef -American actor (d. 1989)

1926- Jani Christou -Egyptian-Greek composer (d. 1970)

1926- Jean-Pierre Côté -Canadian politician, 23rd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 2002)

1926- Sydney Lotterby -English director and producer

1927- Sunderlal Bahuguna -Indian environmentalist

1928- Judith Krantz -American author

1928- Domenico Modugno -Italian singer-songwriter, actor, and politician (d. 1994)

1929- Brian Friel -Irish author, playwright, and director

1929- Heiner Müller -German poet, playwright, and director (d. 1995)

1929- Dorothea Puente -American murderer (d. 2011)

1929- Tom Riley (Iowa politician)|Tom Riley -American lawyer and politician (d. 2011)

1931- Algis Budrys -Lithuanian-American author (d. 2008)

1931- Paul Mantee -American actor (d. 2013)

1933- Robert García -American politician

1933- Wilbur Smith -Zambian-English journalist and author

1934- Mahendra Kapoor -Indian singer (d. 2008)

1934- Bart Starr -American football player and coach

1935- Bob Denver -American actor (d. 2005)

1935- Dick Enberg -American sportscaster

1935- Earl G. Graves, Sr. -American businessman and publisher, founded ''Black Enterprise|Black Enterprise magazine''

1935- Brian Harradine -Australian politician (d. 2014)

1936- Anne Rivers Siddons -American author

1936- Marko Veselica -Croatian politician

1937- Michael Nicholson -English journalist

1938- Claudette Boyer -Canadian politician (d. 2013)

1938- Peter Edelman -American lawyer and educator

1938- Stuart Woods -American author

1939- Jimmy Boyd -American actor and singer (d. 2009)

1939- Rik Kemp -Australian cartoonist

1939- Susannah York -English actress (d. 2011)

1940- Barbara Buczek -Polish composer (d. 1993)

1940- Al Downing (musician)|Al Downing -American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2005)

1940- Ruth Dreifuss -Swiss politician, 151st President of the Swiss Confederation

1941- Joan Baez -American singer-songwriter and activist

1941- Terry Hands -English director and producer

1941- Gilles Vaillancourt -Canadian politician

1942- K Callan -American actress

1942- John Dunning (writer)|John Dunning -American author

1942- Tony Harding -English illustrator (d. 2014)

1942- Lee Kun-hee -South Korean businessman

1942- Judy Malloy -American poet

1943- Robert Drewe -Australian author

1943- Elmer MacFadyen -Canadian politician (d. 2007)

1943- Freddie Starr -English comedian and singer

1943- Scott Walker (singer)|Scott Walker -American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (The Walker Brothers)

1943- Jerry Yester -American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (Modern Folk Quartet, The Lovin' Spoonful, and The New Christy Minstrels)

1944- Ian Hornak -American painter and sculptor (d. 2002)

1944- Jimmy Page -English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (The Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin, The Honeydrippers, The Firm (rock band)|The Firm, and XYZ (UK band)|XYZ)

1944- Mihalis Violaris -Cypriot singer-songwriter

1945- John Doman -American actor

1945- Levon Ter-Petrosyan -Syrian-Armenian politician, 1st President of Armenia

1946- Mohammad Ishaq Khan -Indian historian (d. 2013)

1946- Mogens Lykketoft -Danish politician

1947- Ronnie Landfield -American painter

1948- Bill Cowsill -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Cowsills) (d. 2006)

1948- Cassie Gaines -American singer (The Honkettes) (d. 1977)

1950- Alec Jeffreys -English geneticist

1950- David Johansen -American singer-songwriter and actor (New York Dolls)

1950- Rio Reiser -German singer-songwriter (Ton Steine Scherben) (d. 1996)

1951- M. L. Carr -American basketball player and coach

1951- Crystal Gayle -American singer-songwriter and producer

1952- Kaushik Basu -Indian economist

1952- Hugh Bayley -English politician

1952- Mike Capuano -American politician

1953- Javad Alizadeh -Iranian cartoonist

1953- Morris Gleitzman -English-Australian author

1954- Philippa Gregory -English author

1955- Michiko Kakutani -American critic

1955- J. K. Simmons -American actor

1956- Kimberly Beck -American actress

1956- Imelda Staunton -English actress

1956- Mike Walczewski -American announcer

1957- Bibie -Ghanaian singer

1957- Yury Bandazhevsky -Belarusian scientist

1957- Phil Lewis -American singer-songwriter (L.A. Guns, Girl (band)|Girl, New Torpedos, and Tormé)

1958- Mehmet Ali Ağca -Turkish murderer

1958- Stephen Neale -English philosopher

1959- Mark Martin -American race car driver

1959- Rigoberta Menchú -Guatemalan activist, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate

1959- Otis Nixon -American baseball player

1961- Oliver Goldstick -American screenwriter and producer

1961- Al Jean -American screenwriter and producer

1963- Michael Everson -American-Irish linguist

1964- Stan Javier -Dominican baseball player

1965- Haddaway -Trinidadian-German singer

1965- Darren Bennett (football player)|Darren Bennett -Australian-American football player

1965- Muggsy Bogues -American basketball player

1965- Iain Dowie -English-Irish footballer and manager

1965- Eric Erlandson -American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Hole (band)|Hole, RRIICCEE, and Rodney & the Tube Tops)

1965- Farah Khan -Indian actress, director, and choreographer

1965- Andrei Nazarov (athlete)|Andrei Nazarov -Estonian decathlete and coach

1965- Joely Richardson -English actress

1966- Jan Johansen (singer)|Jan Johansen -Swedish singer

1966- Stephen Metcalfe -English politician

1966- Candi Milo -American voice actress and singer

1967- Carl Bell (musician)|Carl Bell -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Fuel (band)|Fuel)

1967- Claudio Caniggia -Argentinian footballer

1967- Steve Harwell -American singer-songwriter (Smash Mouth)

1967- Dave Matthews -South African-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (Dave Matthews Band and Dave Matthews & Friends)

1967- Gary Teichmann -South African rugby player

1968- Jimmy Adams -Jamaican cricketer

1968- Joey Lauren Adams -American actress

1968- Catalina Saavedra -Chilean actress

1968- Al Schnier -American guitarist (moe. and Al and the Transamericans)

1968- Giorgos Theofanous -Greek-Cypriot composer and producer

1970- Lara Fabian -Belgian-Italian singer

1970- Alex Staropoli -Italian keyboard player and songwriter (Rhapsody of Fire)

1970- Mia X -American rapper

1971- MF Doom -English-American rapper (Danger Doom, Madvillain, and KMD)

1971- Angie Martinez -American rapper, actress, and radio host

1971- Yusuke Naora -Japanese art director and producer

1971- Hal Niedzviecki -Canadian author

1971- Scott Thornton (ice hockey player)|Scott Thornton -Canadian ice hockey player

1972- Sarah Beeny -English television host

1972- Mat Hoffman -American motocross racer

1972- Jay Powell -American baseball player

1972- Rawson Stovall -American video game producer and author

1973- Angela Bettis -American actress, director, and producer

1974- Farhan Akhtar -Indian actor, singer, director, and producer

1975- Kiko Calero -Puerto Rican baseball player

1975- Julia Lutrova -Russian tennis player

1975- Mattias Olsson -Swedish drummer (Änglagård)

1976- Radek Bonk -Czech ice hockey player

1976- Hayes Carll -American singer-songwriter

1976- Simon Gosejohann -German comedian and actor

1976- Todd Grisham -American sportscaster

1976- Raghava Lawrence -Indian actor

1977- Viktors Dobrecovs -Latvian footballer

1977- Beth Troutman -American television host

1978- Mathieu Garon -Canadian ice hockey player

1978- Gennaro Gattuso -Italian footballer

1978- Chad Johnson (wide receiver)|Chad Johnson -American football player

1978- A. J. McLean -American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (Backstreet Boys)

1978- Maggie Rizer -American model, actress, and activist

1979- Athanassios Prittas -Greek footballer

1979- Tomiko Van -Japanese singer and actress (Do As Infinity)

1980- Edgar Álvarez -Honduran footballer

1980- Sergio García -Spanish golfer

1981- Euzebiusz Smolarek -Polish footballer

1982- Timmy Bowers -American basketball player

1982- Grétar Steinsson -Icelandic footballer

1983- Marek Doronin -Estonian basketball player

1983- Sharad Malhotra -Indian actor

1984- Benjamin Danso -German rugby player

1985- Juan Francisco Torres -Spanish footballer

1986- Jéferson Gomes -Brazilian footballer

1986- Amanda Mynhardt -South African netball player

1987- Sam Bird -English race car driver

1987- Mao Inoue -Japanese actress

1987- Lucas Leiva -Brazilian footballer

1987- Paolo Nutini -Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist

1987- Jami Puustinen -Finnish footballer

1987- Pablo Santos (actor)|Pablo Santos -Mexican-American actor (d. 2006)

1988- Marc Crosas -Spanish footballer

1989- Michael Beasley -American basketball player

1989- Nina Dobrev -Bulgarian-Canadian actress

1989- Michaëlla Krajicek -Dutch tennis player

1989- Yana Maksimava -Belarusian heptathlete

1989- Chris Sandow -Australian rugby player

1990- Justin Blackmon -American football player

1990- Oteng Oteng -Batswana boxer

1990- Melissa Ricks -Filipino actress

1991- 3LAU -American DJ and producer

1993- Ashley Argota -American actress and singer

1993- Kevin Korjus -Estonian race car driver

1995- Nicola Peltz -American actress

History of Deaths


1150- Emperor Xizong of Jin -(b. 1119)

1282- Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi -Minorcan ruler (b. 1204)

1283- Wen Tianxiang -Chinese general and scholar (b. 1236)

1324- Marco Polo -Italian merchant and explorer (b. 1254)

1499- John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg -(b. 1455)

1511- Demetrios Chalkokondyles -Greek scholar and academic (b. 1423)

1514- Anna, Duchess of Brittany -(b. 1477)

1543- Guillaume du Bellay -French general and diplomat (b. 1491)

1562- Amago Haruhisa -Japanese warlord (b. 1514)

1571- Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon -French admiral (b. 1510)

1598- Jasper Heywood -English poet and scholar (b. 1553)

1757- Louis Bertrand Castel -French mathematician (b. 1688)

1757- Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle -French author (b. 1657)

1766- Thomas Birch -English historian (b. 1705)

1800- Jean Étienne Championnet -French general (b. 1762)

1805- Noble Wimberly Jones -American physician and politician (b. 1723)

1843- William Hedley -English engineer (b. 1773)

1848- Caroline Herschel -German-English astronomer (b. 1750)

1856- Neophytus Vamvas -Greek cleric and educator (b. 1770)

1858- Anson Jones -American politician, 4th President of the Republic of Texas (b. 1798)

1873- Napoleon III -French politician, 1st President of France (b. 1808)

1876- Samuel Gridley Howe -American physician and activist (b. 1801)

1877- Alexander Brullov -Russia painter (b. 1799)

1878- Victor Emmanuel II of Italy -(b. 1820)

1895- Aaron Lufkin Dennison -American businessman (b. 1812)

1901- Richard Copley Christie -English lawyer and academic (b. 1830)

1908- Wilhelm Busch -German painter (b. 1832)

1908- Abraham Goldfaden -Russian actor, playwright, and author (b. 1840)

1910- Nathaniel Moore -American golfer (b. 1884)

1911- Edwin Arthur Jones -American composer (b. 1853)

1911- Edvard Rusjan -Slovene pilot (b. 1886)

1918- Charles-Émile Reynaud -French scientist and educator, invented the Praxinoscope (b. 1844)

1923- Katherine Mansfield -New Zealand author (b. 1888)

1924- Ponnambalam Arunachalam -Ceylonese politician (b. 1853)

1927- Houston Stewart Chamberlain -English-German author (b. 1855)

1930- Edward Bok -Dutch-American author (b. 1863)

1931- Wayne Munn -American football player and wrestler (b. 1896)

1936- John Gilbert (actor)|John Gilbert -American actor (b. 1899)

1939- Johann Strauss III -Austrian conductor (b. 1866)

1941- Dimitrios Golemis -Greek runner (b. 1874)

1945- Shigekazu Shimazaki -Japanese admiral (b. 1908)

1945- Jüri Uluots -Estonian journalist and politician (b. 1890)

1946- Countee Cullen -American poet (b. 1903)

1947- Karl Mannheim -German sociologist (b. 1893)

1958- Dick Grant -Canadian runner (b. 1878)

1960- Elsie J. Oxenham -English author (b. 1880)

1961- Emily Greene Balch -American economist, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)

1971- Elmer Flick -American baseball player (b. 1876)

1972- Ted Shawn -American dancer (b. 1891)

1975- Pierre Fresnay -French actor (b. 1897)

1975- Pyotr Novikov -Russian mathematician (b. 1901)

1979- Pier Luigi Nervi -Italian engineer and architect, designed the Tour de la Bourse and Pirelli Tower (b. 1891)

1981- Cozy Cole -American drummer (b. 1909)

1981- Kazimierz Serocki -Polish composer (b. 1922)

1982- Marya Zaturenska -American poet (b. 1902)

1984- Wolfgang Staudte -German director (b. 1906)

1985- Robert Mayer (philanthropist)|Robert Mayer -German-English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1879)

1987- Arthur Lake (actor)|Arthur Lake -American actor (b. 1905)

1989- Bill Terry -American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)

1990- Spud Chandler -American baseball player (b. 1907)

1992- Steve Brodie (actor)|Steve Brodie -American actor (b. 1919)

1992- Bill Naughton -Irish-English playwright (b. 1910)

1993- Paul Hasluck -Australian historian and politician, 17th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)

1994- Johnny Temple -American baseball player (b. 1927)

1995- Souphanouvong -Laotian politician, 1st President of Laos (b. 1909)

1995- Peter Cook -English comedian and actor (b. 1937)

1996- Walter M. Miller, Jr. -American author (b. 1923)

1997- Edward Osóbka-Morawski -Polish politician, Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1909)

1997- Jesse White (actor)|Jesse White -American actor (b. 1917)

1998- Kenichi Fukui -Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)

1998- Charito Solis -Filipino actress (b. 1935)

1998- Imi Lichtenfeld -Slovakian-Israeli martial artist, founder of Krav Maga self-defense system (b. 1910)

2000- Arnold Alexander Hall -English engineer (b. 1915)

2000- Nigel Tranter -Scottish historian and author (b. 1909)

2001- Maurice Prather -American photographer (b. 1926)

2003- Will McDonough -American journalist (b. 1935)

2004- Norberto Bobbio -Italian philosopher (b. 1909)

2005- Gonzalo Gavira -Mexican sound technician (b. 1925)

2006- Andy Caldecott -Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1964)

2006- Mikk Mikiver -Estonian actor and director (b. 1937)

2007- Elmer Symons -South African motorcycle racer (b. 1977)

2007- Jean-Pierre Vernant -French anthropologist and historian (b. 1914)

2008- Johnny Grant (radio personality)|Johnny Grant -American radio host and producer (b. 1923)

2008- Mehran Ghassemi -Iranian journalist (b. 1977)

2008- John Harvey-Jones -English businessman and television host (b. 1924)

2009- Rob Gauntlett -English explorer (b. 1987)

2009- René Herms -German runner (b. 1982)

2009- T. Llew Jones -Welsh author (b. 1914)

2010- Vimcy -Indian journalist (b. 1925)

2011- Makinti Napanangka -Australian painter (b. 1930)

2012- Brian Curvis -Welsh boxer (b. 1937)

2012- Alex DeCroce -American politician (b. 1936)

2012- Ruth Fernández -Puerto Rican singer and politician (b. 1919)

2012- Bridie Gallagher -Irish singer (b. 1924)

2012- Augusto Gansser-Biaggi -Swiss geologist and academic (b. 1910)

2012- Mae Laborde -American actress (b. 1909)

2012- Salvador A. Rodolfo, Sr. -Filipino soldier (b. 1919)

2012- William G. Roll -German-American psychologist and parapsychologist (b. 1926)

2012- Malam Bacai Sanhá -Guinea-Bissau politician, List of heads of state of Guinea-Bissau|President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1947)

2012- László Szekeres -Hungarian physician and academic (b. 1921)

2013- Brigitte Askonas -Austrian-English immunologist and academic (b. 1923)

2013- James M. Buchanan -American economist and academic, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)

2013- Sakine Cansız -Turkish activist (b. 1958)

2013- Anscar Chupungco -Filipino monk and theologian (b. 1939)

2013- Frank Esposito (politician)|Frank Esposito -American soldier and politician, 37th Mayor of Norwalk, Connecticut (b. 1928)

2013- Tarsem King, Baron King of West Bromwich -English politician (b. 1937)

2013- Rizana Nafeek -Sri Lankan murderer (b. 1988)

2013- Jean R. Preston -American educator and politician (b. 1935)

2013- Robert L. Rock -American politician, 42nd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana (b. 1927)

2013- Rex Trailer -American television host, actor, and singer (b. 1928)

2013- John Wise (Ontario)|John Wise -Canadian farmer and politician, 23rd Minister of Agriculture (Canada)|Canadian Minister of Agriculture (b. 1935)

2014- Amiri Baraka -American poet, playwright, and academic (b. 1934)

2014- Roy Campbell, Jr. -American trumpet player (b. 1952)

2014- Cliff Carpenter -American actor (b. 1915)

2014- Josep Maria Castellet -Spanish poet and critic (b. 1926)

2014- Bill Conlin -American journalist (b. 1934)

2014- Lorella De Luca -Italian actress and director (b. 1940)

2014- Paul du Toit -South African painter and sculptor (b. 1965)

2014- Bryan Fairfax -Australian-English conductor (b. 1930)

2014- Luis García (third baseman)|Luis García -Venezuelan baseball player and manager (b. 1929)

2014- Patrick J. Hannifin -American admiral (b. 1923)

2014- Franklin McCain -American activist (b. 1941)

2014- Dale T. Mortensen -American economist and academic, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1939)

2014- Marc Yor -French mathematician and economist (b. 1949)