This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-8

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

307- Emperor Hui of Jin|Jin Huidi -List of Chinese monarchs|Chinese Emperor of the Jin Dynasty (265–420)|Jin Dynasty, is poisoned and succeeded by his son Emperor Huai of Jin|Jin Huaidi.

387- Siyaj K'ak' -conquers El Perú (Maya site)|Waka

871- Alfred the Great -leads a Wessex|West Saxon army to Battle of Ashdown|repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings.

1297- François Grimaldi -disguised as a monk, leads his men to capture the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco, establishing House of Grimaldi|his family as the rulers of Monaco.

1455-The Romanus Pontifex -is written.

1499- Louis XII of France -marries Anne of Brittany.

1697-Last execution for blasphemy in Britain; of Thomas Aikenhead -student, at Edinburgh.

1734-Premiere performance of George Frideric Handel -s ''Ariodante'' at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.

1746- Jacobite Rising of 1745|Second Jacobite Rising -Charles Edward Stuart|Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.

1790- George Washington -delivers the first State of the Union address in New York City|New York, New York.

1806- Cape Colony -becomes a United Kingdom|British colony.

1811- 1811 German Coast Uprising|An unsuccessful slave revolt -is led by Charles Deslondes in St. Charles Parish, Louisiana|St. Charles and St. James Parish, Louisiana|St. James, Louisiana.

1815- War of 1812 -Battle of New Orleans

1835-The United States public debt#History|United States national debt is zero -for the only time.

1863- American Civil War -Second Battle of Springfield

1867- African American -men are granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.

1877- Crazy Horse -and his warriors fight their last battle against the Cavalry (United States)|United States Cavalry at Battle of Wolf Mountain|Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory.

1889- Herman Hollerith -is issued US patent #395,791 for the 'Art of Applying Statistics' — his punched card calculator.

1904-The Blackstone Library -is dedicated, marking the beginning of the Chicago Public Library system.

1906-A landslide in Haverstraw (village), New York|Haverstraw, New York -caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.

1912-The African National Congress -is founded.

1918-President Woodrow Wilson -announces his "Fourteen Points" for the aftermath of World War I.

1920-The steel strike of 1919 -ends in a complete failure for the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers|Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers labor union.

1940- World War II -Britain Rationing in the United Kingdom|introduces food rationing.

1945-World War II: Commonwealth of the Philippines|Philippine Commonwealth -troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army units enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Imperial Japanese Army|Japanese Imperial forces.

1956- Operation Auca -Five U.S. missionary|missionaries are killed by the Huaorani people|Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.

1961-In France -a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle's policies in Algeria.

1962-The Harmelen train disaster -killed 93 people in the Netherlands.

1963- Leonardo da Vinci -s ''Mona Lisa'' is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

1964-President Lyndon B. Johnson -declares a "War on Poverty" in the United States.

1971-Bowing to international pressure, President of Pakistan -Zulfikar Ali Bhutto releases Bengali people|Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from prison, who had been arrested after declaring the independence of Bangladesh.

1973- Soviet Union|Soviet -space mission ''Luna 21'' is launched.

1973- Watergate scandal -The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate complex|Watergate begins.

1975- Ella T. Grasso -becomes List of Governors of Connecticut|Governor of Connecticut, the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States other than by succeeding her husband.

1977- 1977 Moscow bombings|Three bombs -explode in Moscow|Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenians|Armenian separatist group.

1979-The Whiddy Island Disaster|tanker ''Betelgeuse'' explodes -in Bantry Bay, Ireland.

1981-A local farmer reports a Trans-en-Provence Case|UFO sighting -in Trans-en-Provence|Trans-en-Provence, France, claimed to be "perhaps the most completely and carefully documented sighting of all time".

1982- Bell System divestiture|The break up of AT&T -AT&T Corporation|AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions.

1989- Kegworth air disaster -British Midland International|British Midland Flight 92, a Boeing 737 Classic|Boeing 737-400, crashes into the M1 motorway, killing 47 of the 126 people on board.

1989-Beginning of Japanese Heisei period -

1994- Russia -Astronaut#Russian|cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on ''Soyuz TM-18'' leaves for Mir. He would stay on the space station until March 22, 1995, for a record 437 days in space.

1996-An Antonov An-32 -cargo aircraft 1996 Air Africa crash|crashes into a crowded market in Kinshasa, Zaire, killing up to 237 on the ground; the aircraft's crew of 6 survive the crash.

2002-President George W. Bush -signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.

2003- Turkish Airlines Flight 634 -crashes near Diyarbakır Airport, Turkey, killing the entire crew and 70 of 75 passengers.

2003- US Airways Express Flight 5481 -crashes at Charlotte-Douglas Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, killing all 21 people on board.

2004-The {{RMS|Queen Mary 2}}, the largest passenger ship -ever built, is christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Elizabeth II|Queen Elizabeth II.

2005-The nuclear sub {{USS|San Francisco|SSN-711|6}} collides at full speed with an undersea mountain south of Guam -One man is killed, but the sub surfaces and is repaired.

2009-A 6.1-magnitude 2009 Costa Rica earthquake|earthquake -in northern Costa Rica kills 15 people and injures 32.

2010-Gunmen from an offshoot the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda -Togo national football team attack|attacked the bus carrying the Togo national football team on its way to the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, killing three.

2011-The attempted assassination of Arizona -United States House of Representatives|Representative Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent 2011 Tucson shooting|shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway Inc.|Safeway grocery store, for which Jared Lee Loughner is subsequently arrested, kills six people and wounds 13, including Giffords.

Famous Birthdays

1556- Uesugi Kagekatsu -Japanese daimyo (d. 1623)

1583- Simon Episcopius -Dutch theologian (d. 1643)

1587- Johannes Fabricius -German astronomer (d. 1616)

1589- Ivan Gundulić -Croatian poet (d. 1638)

1601- Baltasar Gracián -Spanish priest and author (d. 1658)

1628- François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg -French general (d. 1695)

1632- Samuel von Pufendorf -German jurist and economist (d. 1694)

1635- Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero -Spanish archbishop (d. 1709)

1735- John Carroll (bishop)|John Carroll -American archbishop (d. 1815)

1763- Edmond-Charles Genêt -French diplomat (d. 1834)

1786- Nicholas Biddle (banker)|Nicholas Biddle -American banker and financier (d. 1844)

1788- Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1788–1831)|Archduke Rudolf of Austria -(d. 1831)

1792- Lowell Mason -American composer (d. 1872)

1805- John Bigler -American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 3rd Governor of California (d. 1871)

1805- Orson Hyde -American religious leader, 3rd President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (d. 1878)

1812- Sigismond Thalberg -Swiss pianist and composer (d. 1871)

1817- Theophilus Shepstone -English-South African politician (d. 1893)

1821- James Longstreet -American general and diplomat (d. 1904)

1821- W. H. L. Wallace -American lawyer and general (d. 1862)

1823- Alfred Russel Wallace -Welsh-English geographer, biologist, and explorer (d. 1913)

1824- Wilkie Collins -English author and playwright (d. 1889)

1824- Francisco González Bocanegra -Mexican poet (d. 1861)

1830- Albert Bierstadt -German-American painter (d. 1902)

1830- Hans von Bülow -German pianist and composer (d. 1894)

1836- Lawrence Alma-Tadema -Dutch painter (d. 1912)

1843- Frederick Abberline -English police officer (d. 1929)

1843- John H. Moffitt -American soldier and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1926)

1852- James Milton Carroll -American pastor and author (d. 1931)

1854- John Rahm -American golfer (d. 1935)

1859- Fanny Bullock Workman -American mountaineer, geographer, and cartographer (d. 1925)

1860- Emma Booth (The Salvation Army)|Emma Booth -English member of The Salvation Army (d. 1903)

1862- Frank Nelson Doubleday -American publisher, founded the Doubleday (publisher)|Doubleday Publishing Company (d. 1934)

1864- Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale -(d. 1892)

1865- Winnaretta Singer -American heiress (d. 1943)

1866- William G. Conley -American politician, 18th Governor of West Virginia (d. 1940)

1867- Emily Greene Balch -American economist and author, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)

1870- Miguel Primo de Rivera, 2nd Marquis of Estella -Spanish politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1930)

1871- James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon -Irish politician, 1st Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (d. 1940)

1873- Elena of Montenegro -List of Italian queens|Queen of Italy (d. 1956)

1873- Iuliu Maniu -Romanian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1953)

1879- Charles Bryant (actor)|Charles Bryant -English-American actor and director (d. 1948)

1881- Henrik Shipstead -American politician (d. 1960)

1881- Linnie Marsh Wolfe -American librarian and author (d. 1945)

1883- Pavel Filonov -Russian painter (d. 1941)

1883- Patrick J. Hurley -American soldier, politician, and diplomat, 51st United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)

1885- John Curtin -Australian politician, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1945)

1885- A. J. Muste -Dutch-American clergyman and activist (d. 1967)

1886- Thomas January -American soccer player (d. 1957)

1888- Richard Courant -German-American mathematician (d. 1972)

1888- Matt Moore (actor)|Matthew Moore -Irish-American actor (d. 1960)

1891- Walther Bothe -German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)

1891- Storm Jameson -English journalist and author (d. 1986)

1891- Bronislava Nijinska -Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 1972)

1894- Maximilian Kolbe -Polish martyr and saint (d. 1941)

1896- Arthur Ford -American psychic, founded the Spiritual Frontiers Fellowship (d. 1971)

1896- Jaromír Weinberger -Czech-American composer (d. 1967)

1897- Dennis Wheatley -English author (d. 1977)

1899- S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike -Sri Lankan politician, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (d. 1959)

1900- Merlyn Myer -Australian philanthropist (d. 1982)

1902- Georgy Malenkov -Russian engineer and politician (d. 1988)

1902- Carl Rogers -American psychologist (d. 1987)

1904- Karl Brandt -German SS officer (d. 1948)

1904- Tampa Red -American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1981)

1905- Giacinto Scelsi -Italian composer (d. 1988)

1908- William Hartnell -English actor (d. 1975)

1908- Fearless Nadia -Indian actress (d. 1966)

1909- Ashapoorna Devi -Indian author and poet (d. 1995)

1909- Willy Millowitsch -German actor (d. 1999)

1909- Bruce Mitchell (cricketer)|Bruce Mitchell -South African cricketer (d. 1995)

1909- Nikolaos Platon -Greek archaeologist (d. 1992)

1909- Evelyn Wood (teacher)|Evelyn Wood -American educator (d. 1995)

1910- Galina Ulanova -Russian ballerina (d. 1998)

1911- Tom Delaney -English race car driver (d. 2006)

1912- José Ferrer -Puerto Rican actor (d. 1992)

1912- Lawrence Walsh -Canadian-American lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th United States Deputy Attorney General (d. 2014)

1915- Walker Cooper -American baseball player (d. 1991)

1917- Peter Matthew Hillsman Taylor -American author, playwright, and academic (d. 1994)

1921- Herta Bothe -German concentration camp guard

1922- Jan Nieuwenhuys -Dutch painter (d. 1986)

1922- Abbey Simon -American pianist

1923- Larry Storch -American actor

1923- Giorgio Tozzi -American opera singer (d. 2011)

1923- Johnny Wardle -English cricketer (d. 1985)

1923- Joseph Weizenbaum -German-American computer scientist and author (d. 2008)

1924- Benjamin Lees -American composer (d. 2010)

1924- Ron Moody -English actor and singer

1925- Helmuth Hübener -German activist (d. 1942)

1925- Mohan Rakesh -Indian author (d. 1972)

1926- Evelyn Lear -American soprano (d. 2012)

1926- Kelucharan Mohapatra -Indian dancer (d. 2004)

1926- Hanae Mori -Japanese fashion designer

1926- Soupy Sales -American comedian and actor (d. 2009)

1927- Charles Tomlinson -English poet and academic

1928- Slade Gorton -American politician, 14th Attorney General of Washington

1928- Gaston Miron -Canadian poet (d. 1996)

1929- Saeed Jaffrey -Indian-English actor

1929- Wolfgang Peters -German footballer (d. 2003)

1931- Bill Graham (promoter)|Bill Graham -German-American music promoter (d. 1991)

1931- Chuck Metcalf -American bassist (d. 2012)

1933- Nolan Miller -American fashion designer (d. 2012)

1933- Charles Osgood -American journalist

1933- Jean-Marie Straub -French director and screenwriter

1934- Jacques Anquetil -French cyclist (d. 1987)

1934- Gene Freese -American baseball player (d. 2013)

1934- Roy Kinnear -English actor (d. 1988)

1934- Alexandra Ripley -American author (d. 2004)

1935- Lewis H. Lapham -American publisher, founded ''Lapham's Quarterly''

1935- Elvis Presley -American singer, guitarist, and actor (The Blue Moon Boys) (d. 1977)

1936- Zdeněk Mácal -Czech conductor

1936- Robert May, Baron May of Oxford -Australian-English zoologist, ecologist, and academic

1937- Shirley Bassey -Welsh singer

1938- Bob Eubanks -American game show host

1938- Anthony Giddens, Baron Giddens -English sociologist

1938- Fred J. Lincoln -American porn actor, director, and producer (d. 2013)

1938- Nanda -Indian actress

1938- Yevgeny Nesterenko -Russian opera singer

1939- Nanda (actress)|Nanda -Indian actress (d. 2014)

1939- Carolina Herrera (fashion designer)|Carolina Herrera -Venezuelan-American fashion designer

1939- Ruth Maleczech -American actress (d. 2013)

1939- Alan Wilson (academic)|Alan Wilson -English mathematician and academic

1940- Jimmy O'Neill (DJ)|Jimmy O'Neill -American radio and television host (d. 2013)

1941- Graham Chapman -English comedian and actor (d. 1989)

1941- Boris Vallejo -Peruvian-American painter

1941- Yoshinori Watanabe -Japanese mobster (d. 2012)

1942- Valya Balkanska -Bulgarian singer

1942- Robin Ellis -English actor

1942- Stephen Hawking -English physicist and author

1942- Junichiro Koizumi -Japanese politician, 56th Prime Minister of Japan

1942- Yvette Mimieux -American actress

1942- Royce Waltman -American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)

1943- Charles Murray (author)|Charles Murray -American political scientist and author

1944- Terry Brooks -American author

1945- Nancy Bond -American author

1945- Phil Beal -English footballer

1945- Yvonne Kennedy -American politician (d. 2012)

1945- Jeannie Lewis -Australian actress and singer

1945- Kojo Nnamdi -Guyanese-American radio host

1945- Kathleen Noone -American actress

1945- Kadir Topbaş -Turkish politician, 31st List of mayors of Istanbul|Mayor of Istanbul

1946- Robby Krieger -American guitarist and songwriter (The Doors, The Butts Band, and Manzarek–Krieger)

1946- Elijah Moshinsky -Australian director

1947- Don Bendell -American author

1947- William Bonin -American serial killer and sex offender (d. 1996)

1947- David Bowie -English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (The Riot Squad, Tin Machine, The Hype (David Bowie band)|The Hype, and Arnold Corns)

1947- Samuel Schmid -Swiss politician

1947- Terry Sylvester -English singer and guitarist (The Escorts (Liverpool band)|The Escorts, The Swinging Blue Jeans and The Hollies)

1947- Laurie Walters -American actress

1947- Luke Williams (wrestler)|Luke Williams -New Zealand wrestler

1948- Gillies MacKinnon -Scottish director and screenwriter

1949- John Podesta -American politician, 20th White House Chief of Staff

1949- Lawrence Rowe -Jamaican cricketer

1950- Jos Hermens -Dutch runner

1951- Kenny Anthony -Saint Lucian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Saint Lucia

1951- John McTiernan -American director and producer

1951- Karen Tei Yamashita -Japanese-American writer

1952- Vladimir Feltsman -Russian-American pianist

1952- Mel Reynolds -American politician

1953- Bruce Sutter -American baseball player

1954- Konstantinos Kypriotis -Greek martial artist (d. 1995)

1955- Karine Kazinian -Armenian diplomat (d. 2012)

1955- Spiros Livathinos -Greek footballer

1955- Mike Reno -Canadian singer and drummer (Loverboy and Moxy (band)|Moxy)

1957- Nacho Duato -Spanish dancer and choreographer

1957- David Lang (composer)|David Lang -American composer

1958- Rey Misterio, Sr. -Mexican wrestler

1959- Paul Hester -Australian drummer (Crowded House, Split Enz, Deckchairs Overboard, and Tarmac Adam) (d. 2005)

1959- Duk Koo Kim -South Korean boxer (d. 1982)

1960- Dave Weckl -American drummer

1961- Keith Arkell -English chess player

1961- Calvin Smith -American sprinter

1962- Chris Marion -American singer and keyboard player (Little River Band and Western Flyer)

1964- Ron Sexsmith -Canadian singer-songwriter

1965- Michelle Forbes -American actress

1965- Maria Pitillo -American actress

1966- Igor Vyazmikin -Russian ice hockey player (d. 2009)

1966- Andrew Wood (singer)|Andrew Wood -American singer-songwriter (Mother Love Bone and Malfunkshun) (d. 1990)

1967- Willie Anderson (basketball)|Willie Anderson -American basketball player

1967- Torsten Gowitzke -German footballer

1967- R. Kelly -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Public Announcement)

1967- Tom Watson (politician)|Tom Watson -English politician

1968- James Brokenshire -English politician

1968- Keith Mullings -American boxer

1968- Bull Nakano -Japanese wrestler and golfer

1969- Ami Dolenz -American actress

1969- Lucy Winkett -English priest

1970- Rachel Friend -Australian actress

1971- Jason Giambi -American baseball player

1971- Mike Süsser -German chef and author

1971- Pascal Zuberbühler -Swiss footballer

1972- Paul Clement (football coach)|Paul Clement -English footballer, coach, and manager

1972- Giuseppe Favalli -Italian footballer

1973- Mike Cameron -American baseball player

1973- Henning Solberg -Norwegian race car driver

1973- Jason Stevens -Australian rugby player

1974- Maria Matsouka -Greek politician

1975- DJ Clue? -American rapper, DJ, and producer

1975- Harris Jayaraj -Indian composer

1975- Tift Merritt -American singer-songwriter

1976- Raffaëla Anderson -French adult film performer and non-fiction writer

1976- Jenny Lewis -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (Rilo Kiley)

1976- Josh Meyers -American actor

1976- Carl Pavano -American baseball player

1977- Amber Benson -American actress

1977- Lee Yoo-jin -South Korean actress

1977- Ron Pederson -Canadian actor

1977- Melanie Seeger -German race walker

1977- Trey Smith (author)|Trey Smith -American Author

1978- Boris Avrukh -Israeli chess player

1978- Just Blaze -American record producer

1978- Marco Fu -Hong Kong snooker player

1979- Torry Castellano -American drummer (The Donnas)

1979- Adrian Mutu -Romanian footballer

1979- Stipe Pletikosa -Croatian footballer

1979- Sarah Polley -Canadian actress, director, and screenwriter

1979- Tomasz Schafernaker -Polish-English meteorologist

1979- Seol Ki-Hyeon -South Korean footballer

1979- Mirella van Melis -Dutch cyclist

1980- Rachel Nichols (actress)|Rachel Nichols -American actress

1981- Jeff Francis -Canadian baseball player

1981- Ioannis Kokkodis -Greek swimmer

1981- Genevieve Padalecki -American actress

1981- Carmen Schäfer -Swiss curler

1981- Xie Xingfang -Chinese badminton player

1982- Emanuele Calaiò -Italian footballer

1982- Wil Francis -American singer-songwriter and producer (Aiden and William Control)

1982- Gaby Hoffmann -American actress

1982- John Utaka -Nigerian footballer

1983- Felipe Colombo -Mexican-Argentinian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1983- Kim Jong-un -North Korean politician, 3rd List of leaders of North Korea|Supreme Leader of North Korea

1983- Chris Masters -American wrestler

1984- Jeff Francoeur -American baseball player

1985- Rachael Lampa -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1986- Jaclyn Linetsky -Canadian actress (d. 2003)

1986- Maria Ozawa -Japanese-Canadian porn actress and model

1986- David Silva -Spanish footballer

1987- Carmen Klaschka -German tennis player

1987- Freddie Stroma -English actor and singer

1988- Allison Harvard -American model and actress

1988- Adrián López Álvarez -Spanish footballer

1988- Michael Mancienne -English footballer

1989- Aaron Cruden -New Zealand rugby player

1989- Kristján Einar -Icelandic race car driver

1989- Barbora Silná -Czech-Austrian ice dancer

1991- Jorge Enríquez -Mexican footballer

1991- Asuka Hinoi -Japanese singer (Hinoi Team)

1992- Stefanie Dolson -American basketball player

1992- Apostolos Vellios -Greek footballer

1993- Brooke Greenberg -American girl with a rare disease (d. 2013)

1993- Amanda Lim -Singaporean swimmer

2000- Noah Cyrus -American actress and singer

History of Deaths

307- Emperor Hui of Jin -(b. 259)

482- Severinus of Noricum -Italian saint (b. 410)

1107- Edgar, King of Scotland -(b. 1074)

1198- Pope Celestine III -(b. 1106)

1337- Giotto -Italian painter and architect, designed Scrovegni Chapel and Giotto's Campanile (b. 1266)

1456- Lawrence Giustiniani -Italian bishop and saint (b. 1381)

1464- Thomas Ebendorfer -Austrian historian and academic (b. 1385)

1557- Albert Alcibiades, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach -(b. 1522)

1570- Philibert de l'Orme -French architect, designed the Château d'Anet (b. 1510)

1598- John George, Elector of Brandenburg -(b. 1525)

1642- Galileo Galilei -Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher (b. 1564)

1664- Moses Amyraut -French theologian (b. 1596)

1707- John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair -Scottish politician (b. 1648)

1713- Arcangelo Corelli -Italian violinist and composer (b. 1653)

1775- John Baskerville -English printer (b. 1706)

1789- Jack Broughton -English boxer (b. 1703)

1794- Justus Möser -German jurist (b. 1720)

1815- Edward Pakenham -Irish general and politician (b. 1778)

1825- Eli Whitney -American inventor, invented the cotton gin (b. 1765)

1853- Mihály Bertalanits -Slovene-Hungarian poet and educator (b. 1788)

1854- William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford -English general (b. 1768)

1865- Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre -French general and politician (b. 1779)

1874- Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg -French historian and archaeologist (b. 1814)

1878- Nikolay Nekrasov -Russian poet and critic (b. 1821)

1883- Miska Magyarics -Slovene-Hungarian poet (b. 1825)

1880- Emperor Norton -English-American businessman (b. 1811)

1896- William Rainey Marshall -American politician, 5th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)

1896- Paul Verlaine -French poet (b. 1844)

1901- John Barry (VC)|John Barry -Irish soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1873)

1912- Friedrich Schrempf -German editor and politician (b. 1858)

1916- Rembrandt Bugatti -Italian sculptor (b. 1884)

1916- Ada Rehan -Irish-American actress (b. 1860)

1918- Johannes Pääsuke -Estonian photographer and director (b. 1892)

1918- Ellis H. Roberts -American politician, 20th Treasurer of the United States (b. 1827)

1925- Fernand Sanz -French cyclist (b. 1881)

1932- Eurosia Fabris -Italian philanthropist (b. 1866)

1934- Andrei Bely -Russian author, poet, and critic (b. 1880)

1934- Alexandre Stavisky -Ukrainian-French financier (b. 1886)

1938- Johnny Gruelle -American author and illustrator (b. 1880)

1941- Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell -English general (b. 1857)

1942- Joseph Franklin Rutherford -American lawyer and religious leader (b. 1869)

1943- Richard Hillary -Australian pilot and author (b. 1919)

1943- Andres Larka -Estonian general and politician, 1st Minister of Defence (Estonia)|Estonian Minister of War (b. 1879)

1944- William Kissam Vanderbilt II -American businessman (b. 1878)

1945- Karl Ernst Krafft -Swiss astrologer (b. 1900)

1948- Kurt Schwitters -German painter (b. 1887)

1948- Richard Tauber -Austrian tenor (b. 1891)

1950- Joseph Schumpeter -Austrian economist (b. 1883)

1953- Hugh Binney -English admiral and politician, 16th Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)

1956- Jim Elliot -American missionary (b. 1928)

1958- Mary Colter -American architect, designed the Desert View Watchtower (b. 1869)

1958- John Duff -Canadian race car driver (b. 1895)

1958- Paul Pilgrim -American runner (b. 1883)

1961- Schoolboy Rowe -American baseball player (b. 1910)

1963- Kay Sage -American painter and poet (b. 1898)

1963- Bimal Roy -Indian director (b. 1909)

1967- Zbigniew Cybulski -Polish actor (b. 1927)

1969- Albert Hill (athlete)|Albert Hill -English runner (b. 1889)

1970- Jani Christou -Egyptian-Greek composer (b. 1926)

1970- Georges Guibourg -French actor, singer, and playwright (b. 1891)

1972- Kenneth Patchen -American poet (b. 1911)

1975- John Gregson -English actor (b. 1919)

1975- Richard Tucker -American tenor (b. 1913)

1976- Zhou Enlai -Chinese politician, 1st Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)

1976- Robert Forgan -Scottish-English physician and politician (b. 1891)

1979- Sara Carter -American singer-songwriter and harp player (Carter Family) (b. 1898)

1980- John Mauchly -American physicist (b. 1907)

1981- Matthew Beard (American actor)|Matthew Beard -American actor (b. 1925)

1982- Grégoire Aslan -Armenian actor (b. 1908)

1983- Gerhard Barkhorn -German pilot (b. 1919)

1983- Ron Frazer -Australian actor (b. 1924)

1983- Tom McCall -American journalist and politician 30th Governor of Oregon (b. 1913)

1984- Eerik Kumari -Estonian ornithologist (b. 1912)

1986- Pierre Fournier -French cellist (b. 1906)

1990- Bernard Krigstein -American illustrator (b. 1919)

1990- Terry-Thomas -English actor (b. 1911)

1991- Steve Clark -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Def Leppard) (b. 1960)

1992- Reta Shaw -American actress (b. 1912)

1994- Pat Buttram -American actor (b. 1915)

1994- Harvey Haddix -American baseball player (b. 1925)

1995- Carlos Monzón -Argentinian boxer (b. 1942)

1996- John Hargreaves (Australian actor)|John Hargreaves -Australian actor (b. 1945)

1996- François Mitterrand -French politician, 21st President of France (b. 1916)

1996- Howard Taubman -American author and critic (b. 1907)

1997- Melvin Calvin -American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)

1998- Michael Tippett -English composer (b. 1905)

2000- Fritz Thiedemann -German horse rider (b. 1918)

2002- Alexander Prokhorov -Russian physicist Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)

2002- Dave Thomas (businessman)|Dave Thomas -American businessman and philanthropist, founded Wendy's (b. 1932)

2003- Ron Goodwin -English composer and conductor (b. 1925)

2004- Charles Brown (actor)|Charles Brown -American actor (b. 1946)

2004- John A. Gambling -American radio host (b. 1930)

2005- Campbell McComas -Australian comedian and actor (b. 1952)

2005- Warren Spears -American choreographer and dancer (b. 1954)

2005- Michel Thomas -Polish linguist (b. 1914)

2006- Tony Banks, Baron Stratford -Irish politician (b. 1943)

2007- Jane Bolin -American judge (b. 1908)

2007- Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield -English politician (b. 1916)

2007- Yvonne De Carlo -Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1922)

2007- David Ervine -Irish politician (b. 1953)

2007- Iwao Takamoto -American animator, director, and producer (b. 1925)

2008- George Moore (jockey)|George Moore -Australian jockey (b. 1923)

2009- Richard John Neuhaus -Canadian-American priest and author (b. 1936)

2009- Lasantha Wickrematunge -Sri Lankan journalist (b. 1958)

2010- Tony Halme -Finnish wrestler, actor, and politician (b. 1963)

2010- Monica Maughan -Australian actor (b. 1933)

2011- Jiří Dienstbier -Czech journalist and politician (b. 1937)

2011- John Roll -American judge (b. 1947)

2011- Thorbjørn Svenssen -Norwegian footballer (b. 1924)

2012- Edarem -American television host (b. 1932)

2012- Dave Alexander (blues musician)|Dave Alexander -American singer and pianist (b. 1938)

2012- Herb Clarke (weatherman)|Herb Clarke -American journalist (b. 1927)

2012- T. J. Hamblin -English haematologist and academic (b. 1943)

2012- John Madin -English architect, designed the Birmingham Central Library (b. 1924)

2012- Bernhard Schrader -German chemist and academic (b. 1931)

2012- Alexis Weissenberg -Bulgarian-French pianist and educator (b. 1929)

2013- Tandyn Almer -American songwriter and producer (b. 1942)

2013- Kenojuak Ashevak -Canadian sculptor and illustrator (b. 1927)

2013- Antonio Frasconi -Argentinian-American woodcutter (b. 1919)

2013- Jeanne Manford -American educator and activist, co-founded PFLAG (b. 1920)

2013- Alasdair Milne -Indian-English director and producer (b. 1930)

2013- Manuel Mota (fashion designer)|Manuel Mota -Spanish fashion designer (b. 1966)

2013- Cornel Pavlovici -Romanian footballer (b. 1943)

2013- Ten Most Wanted (horse)|Ten Most Wanted -American race horse (b. 2000)

2014- Vicente T. Blaz -American general and politician (b. 1928)

2014- André Gernez -French physician (b. 1923)

2014- Madeline Gins -American poet and architect (b. 1941)

2014- Irma Heijting-Schuhmacher -Dutch-Australian swimmer (b. 1925)

2014- Josef Lammerz -German organist and composer (b. 1930)

2014- Armen Mazmanyan -Armenian actor and director (b. 1960)

2014- Edward N. Ney -American businessman (b. 1925)

2014- Antonino P. Roman -Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1939)