This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-16

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


27 BC- Augustus|Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus -is granted the title Augustus (honorific)|Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.

378-General Siyaj K'ak' -conquers Tikal, enlarging the domain of King Spearthrower Owl of Teotihuacán.

550- Gothic War (535–554)|Gothic War -The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.

929- Emir -Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Córdoba.

1120-The Council of Nablus -is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusades|Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.

1362-A Storm surge|storm tide -in the North Sea destroys the Germany|German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand (island)|Strand.

1412-The House of Medici|Medici -family is appointed official banker of the Pope|Papacy.

1492-The first grammar -of the Spanish language is presented to Isabella I of Castile|Queen Isabella I.

1547-Ivan IV of Russia aka Ivan the Terrible -becomes Tsar|Czar of Russia.

1556- Philip II of Spain|Philip II -becomes King of Spain.

1572- Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk -is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.

1581-The English Parliament of England|Parliament -outlaws Roman Catholicism.

1605-The first edition of '' Don Quixote|El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha -' (Book One of ''Don Quixote'') by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid|Madrid, Spain.

1707-The Parliament of Scotland|Scottish Parliament -ratifies the Acts of Union 1707|Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Kingdom of Great Britain|Great Britain.

1761-The British capture Pondicherry district|Pondichéry -India from the France|French.

1780- American Revolutionary War -Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780)|Battle of Cape St. Vincent.

1786- Virginia -enacted the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom|Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.

1809- Peninsular War -The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna|Battle of La Coruña.

1847- John C. Frémont -is appointed List of Governors of California|Governor of the new California Territory.

1862- Hartley Colliery Disaster -204 men and boys killed in a mining disaster, prompted a change in UK law which henceforth required all collieries to have at least two independent means of escape.

1883-The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act -establishing the United States Civil Service Commission|United States Civil Service, is passed.

1896-Defeat of Cymru Fydd -at South Wales Liberal Federation Annual general meeting|AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.

1900-The United States Senate -accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the American Samoa|Samoan islands.

1909- Ernest Shackleton -s expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.

1919- Temperance movement in the United States|Temperance movement -The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.

1920- Zeta Phi Beta -Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University.

1920-The League of Nations -holds its first council meeting in Paris|Paris, France.

1924- Eleftherios Venizelos -becomes Prime Minister of Greece for the fourth time.

1939-The Irish Republican Army (1922–1969)|Irish Republican Army -(IRA) begins a S-Plan|bombing and sabotage campaign in England.

1942-Crash of TWA Flight 3 -killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.

1945- Adolf Hitler -moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.

1956-President Gamal Abdel Nasser -of Egypt vows to reconquer Palestine.

1964- Hello, Dolly! (musical) -starring Carol Channing opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.

1969- Czechs|Czech -student Jan Palach commits suicide by self-immolation in Prague|Prague, Czechoslovakia, in protest against the Soviet Union|Soviets' crushing of the Prague Spring the year before.

1969-Soviet spacecraft '' Soyuz 4 -' and ''Soyuz 5'' perform the first-ever docking of manned spacecraft in low Earth orbit|orbit, the first-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another, and the only time such a transfer was accomplished with a Extra-vehicular activity|space walk.

1970- Buckminster Fuller -receives the AIA Gold Medal|Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.

1979-The Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|last Iranian Shah -flees Iran with his family for good and relocates to Egypt.

1986-First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force -

1991-The Coalition Forces go to war with Iraq -beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).

1992- El Salvador -officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City|Mexico City, Mexico ending the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War that claimed at least 75,000 lives.

2001- Democratic Republic of the Congo|Congolese -President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.

2001- President of the United States|US President -Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish–American War.

2002-The United Nations Security Council|UN Security Council -unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda, and the remaining members of the Taliban.

2003-The Space Shuttle Columbia|Space Shuttle ''Columbia'' -takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. ''Columbia'' disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.

2005-Romanian university lecturer and novelist Adriana Iliescu -gives birth at 66 to her daughter Eliza, breaking the record for the oldest birth mother in the world

2006- Ellen Johnson Sirleaf -is sworn in as Liberia's new president. She becomes Africa's first female elected head of state.

2013-An estimated 41 international workers are In Aménas hostage crisis|taken hostage -in an attack in the town of In Aménas, Algeria.

Famous Birthdays


1093- Isaac Komnenos (son of Alexios I)|Isaac Komnenos -Byzantine son of Alexios I Komnenos (d. 1152)

1245- Edmund Crouchback -English son of Henry III of England (d. 1296)

1409- René of Anjou -(d. 1480)

1477- Johannes Schöner -German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)

1501- Anthony Denny -English politician (d. 1559)

1516- Bayinnaung -Burmese king (d. 1581)

1616- François de Vendôme, Duc de Beaufort -French soldier (d. 1669)

1626- Lucas Achtschellinck -Flemish painter (d. 1699)

1634- Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter -Norwegian poet (d. 1716)

1675- Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon -French soldier, diplomat, and author (d. 1755)

1691- Peter Scheemakers -Flemish sculptor (d. 1781)

1728- Niccolò Piccinni -Italian composer (d. 1800)

1749- Vittorio Alfieri -Italian playwright (d. 1803)

1757- Richard Goodwin Keats -English admiral (d. 1834)

1807- Charles Henry Davis -American admiral (d. 1877)

1815- Henry Halleck -American general (d. 1872)

1821- John C. Breckinridge -American general and politician, 14th Vice President of the United States (d. 1875)

1834- Robert R. Hitt -American politician, 13th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1906)

1836- Francis II of the Two Sicilies -(d. 1894)

1838- Franz Brentano -German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)

1844- Ismail Qemali -Albanian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1919)

1853- Johnston Forbes-Robertson -English actor and manager (d. 1937)

1853- Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton -Greek-English general (d. 1947)

1853- André Michelin -French businessman, co-founded the Michelin|Michelin Tyre Company (d. 1931)

1855- Eleanor Marx -English activist and author (d. 1898)

1870- Jüri Jaakson -Estonian businessman and politician, State Elder of Estonia (d. 1942)

1872- Henri Büsser -French organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1973)

1872- Edward Gordon Craig -English actor, director, and producer (d. 1966)

1874- Robert W. Service -Canadian poet (d. 1958)

1875- Leonor Michaelis -German biochemist (d. 1947)

1878- Harry Carey (actor born 1878)|Harry Carey -American actor (d. 1947)

1880- Samuel Jones (athlete)|Samuel Jones -American high jumper (d. 1954)

1882- Robert Lane (soccer)|Robert Lane -Canadian soccer player (d. 1940)

1882- Margaret Wilson (writer)|Margaret Wilson -American author (d. 1973)

1885- Zhou Zuoren -Chinese author (d. 1967)

1886- John Hamilton (actor)|John Hamilton -American actor (d. 1958)

1888- Osip Brik -Russian author and critic (d. 1945)

1893- Daisy Kennedy -Australian violinist (d. 1981)

1894- Irving Mills -American publisher (d. 1985)

1895- Evripidis Bakirtzis -Greek soldier and politician (d. 1947)

1895- T. M. Sabaratnam -Sri Lankan politician (d. 1966)

1895- Nat Schachner -American author (d. 1955)

1896- Ruth Rose -American screenwriter (d. 1978)

1897- Carlos Pellicer -Mexican poet (d. 1977)

1898- Margaret Booth -American film editor (d. 2002)

1898- Irving Rapper -English-American director and producer (d. 1999)

1900- Edith Frank -German mother of Anne Frank (d. 1945)

1901- Fulgencio Batista -Cuban colonel and politician, 9th President of Cuba (d. 1973)

1901- Frank Zamboni -American inventor and businessman, invented the ice resurfacer (d. 1988)

1902- Eric Liddell -Scottish runner, rugby player, and missionary (d. 1945)

1903- William Grover-Williams -English-French race car driver (d. 1945)

1905- Ernesto Halffter -Spanish composer and conductor (d. 1989)

1906- Johannes Brenner -Estonian footballer and pilot (d. 1975)

1906- Diana Wynyard -English actress (d. 1964)

1907- Alexander Knox -Canadian actor (d. 1995)

1907- Paul Nitze -American banker and politician (d. 2004)

1908- Ethel Merman -American actress and singer (d. 1984)

1908- Günther Prien -German captain (d. 1941)

1910- Dizzy Dean -American baseball player (d. 1974)

1911- Eduardo Frei Montalva -Chilean politician, 28th President of Chile (d. 1982)

1911- Roger Lapébie -French cyclist (d. 1996)

1914- Roger Wagner -French-American conductor (d. 1992)

1915- Leslie H. Martinson -American director

1916- Philip Lucock -English-Australian minister and politician (d. 1996)

1917- Carl Karcher -American businessman, founded Carl's Jr. (d. 2008)

1918- Nel Benschop -Dutch poet (d. 2005)

1918- Allan Ekelund -Swedish director, producer, and production manager (d. 2009)

1918- Clem Jones -Australian politician, 8th Lord Mayor of Brisbane (d. 2007)

1918- Stirling Silliphant -American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)

1919- Jerome Horwitz -American scientist and academic (d. 2012)

1920- Alberto Crespo -Argentinian race car driver (d. 1991)

1920- Elliott Reid -American actor and screenwriter (d. 2013)

1921- Francesco Scavullo -American photographer (d. 2004)

1922- Ernesto Bonino -Italian singer (d. 2008)

1923- Anton-Günther, Duke of Oldenburg -(d. 2014)

1923- Gene Feist -American director and playwright, co-founded the Roundabout Theatre Company (d. 2014)

1923- Anthony Hecht -American poet (d. 2004)

1923- Keith Shackleton -English painter

1924- Katy Jurado -Mexican actress (d. 2002)

1925- Peter Hirsch -English metallurgist

1925- James Robinson Risner -American general (d. 2013)

1925- Harold Switzer -American child actor and child singer (d. 1967)

1926- O. P. Nayyar -Indian composer (d. 2007)

1928- William Kennedy (author)|William Kennedy -American journalist and author

1928- Pilar Lorengar -Spanish soprano (d. 1996)

1929- Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah -Sri Lankan anthropologist and academic (d. 2014)

1930- Clarence Ray Allen -American murderer (d. 2006)

1930- Mary Ann McMorrow -American judge (d. 2013)

1930- Norman Podhoretz -American author

1930- Paula Tilbrook -English actress

1931- Robert L. Park -American physicist

1931- Johannes Rau -German politician, 8th List of German presidents|Federal President of Germany (d. 2006)

1932- Victor Ciocâltea -Romanian chess player (d. 1983)

1932- Dian Fossey -American primatologist (d. 1985)

1933- Susan Sontag -American author (d. 2004)

1934- Marilyn Horne -American soprano

1935- A. J. Foyt -American race car driver

1935- Udo Lattek -German footballer, manager, and sportscaster

1936- Michael White (producer)|Michael White -Scottish film producer

1937- Lorraine Bayly -Australian actress

1937- Luiz Bueno -Brazilian race car driver (d. 2011)

1937- Francis George -American cardinal

1938- Michael Pataki -American actor (d. 2010)

1938- Soares -Brazilian comedian, actor, and talk show host

1938- Marina Vaizey -American journalist and critic

1939- Mac Curtis -American singer (d. 2013)

1939- Ralph Gibson -American art photographer

1940- Lepa Lukić -Serbian singer

1941- Christine Truman -English tennis player

1942- René Angélil -Canadian singer and manager

1942- Barbara Lynn -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1943- Gavin Bryars -English bassist and composer

1943- Brian Ferneyhough -English-American composer

1944- Gerd Klier -German footballer (d. 2011)

1944- Jim Stafford -American singer-songwriter

1945- Wim Suurbier -Dutch footballer

1946- Kabir Bedi -Indian actor

1946- Ronnie Milsap -American singer and pianist

1946- Katia Ricciarelli -Italian soprano

1947- Elaine Murphy, Baroness Murphy -English academic and politician

1947- Magdalen Nabb -English author (d. 2007)

1947- Sara Jane Olson -American criminal

1947- Harvey Proctor -English politician

1947- Laura Schlessinger -American physiologist, talk show host, and author

1947- Harald Stabell -Norwegian lawyer

1948- John Carpenter -American director

1948- Dalvanius Prime -New Zealand singer-songwriter (d. 2002)

1948- Ruth Reichl -American critic

1948- Cliff Thorburn -Canadian snooker player

1949- Anne F. Beiler -American businesswoman, founded Auntie Anne's

1949- R. F. Foster (historian)|R. F. Foster -Irish historian and academic

1949- Oliver Humperdink -American wrestling manager (d. 2011)

1949- Caroline Munro -English actress and singer

1949- Andrew Refshauge -Australian politician, 13th Deputy Premier of New South Wales

1950- Debbie Allen -American actress, dancer, and choreographer

1950- Brian Castro -Australian author

1950- Robert Schimmel -American comedian (d. 2010)

1950- Damo Suzuki -Japanese singer and guitarist (Can (band)|Can)

1951- Glenn Ordway -American radio host

1952- L. Blaine Hammond -American pilot and astronaut

1952- Piercarlo Ghinzani -Italian race car driver

1952- Julie Anne Peters -American author

1953- Robert Jay Mathews -American militant, founded The Order (group)|The Order (d. 1984)

1953- John Stephen Hill -Canadian actor

1954- Vasili Zhupikov -Russian footballer and coach

1955- Jerry M. Linenger -American doctor and astronaut

1956- Jennifer Dale -Canadian actress

1956- Wayne Daniel -Barbadian cricketer

1956- Martin Jol -Dutch footballer and manager

1956- Ivan Safronov -Russian journalist (d. 2007)

1957- Jurijs Andrejevs -Latvian footballer

1957- Ricardo Darín -Argentinian actor, director, and screenwriter

1957- Mark Pawsey -English politician

1958- Andriy Bal -Ukrainian footballer and coach (d. 2014)

1958- Anatoli Boukreev -Russian mountaineer (d. 1997)

1958- Lena Ek -Swedish politician

1958- Marla Frazee -American author and illustrator

1958- Tony Pulis -Welsh footballer and manager

1959- Sade Adu -Nigerian-English singer-songwriter and producer

1959- Juanita Bynum -American actress and singer

1959- Lisa Milroy -Canadian painter

1961- Ronnie Lee Gardner -American criminal (d. 2010)

1961- Paul Raven (musician)|Paul Raven -English bass player (Killing Joke, Prong (band)|Prong, Godflesh, Zilch (band)|Zilch, Society 1, and Ministry (band)|Ministry) (d. 2007)

1962- Joel Fitzgibbon -Australian politician, 51st Minister for Defence (Australia)|Minister of Defence for Australia

1962- Denis O'Hare -Irish-American actor

1962- John T. Riedl -American computer scientist (d. 2013)

1962- Paul Webb -English bass player (Talk Talk and .O.rang)

1963- James May -English journalist and television host

1964- Deyan Nedelchev -Bulgarian singer-songwriter

1965- Maxine Jones -American singer (En Vogue)

1965- Jill Sobule -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1968- Danni Ashe -American model and businesswoman

1968- David Chokachi -American actor

1968- Rebecca Stead -American author

1969- Neil Back -England rugby player

1969- Marinus Bester -German footballer

1969- Stevie Jackson -Scottish musician and guitarist (Belle and Sebastian)

1969- Roy Jones, Jr. -American boxer

1969- Per "Dead" Ohlin -Swedish singer-songwriter (Mayhem (band)|Mayhem and Morbid (band)|Morbid) (d. 1991)

1969- Rich Ward -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Fozzy, Stuck Mojo, and Adrenaline Mob)

1970- Rick Bognar -Canadian wrestler

1970- Garth Ennis -Irish author

1970- Brendan O'Hare -Scottish drummer (Teenage Fanclub, Telstar Ponies, Mogwai)

1970- Ron Villone -American baseball player

1971- Sergi Bruguera -Spanish tennis player

1971- Jonathan Mangum -American actor

1972- Ruben Bagger -Danish footballer

1972- Ang Christou -Australian footballer

1972- Dameon Clarke -Canadian actor

1972- Yuri Drozdov -Russian footballer

1972- Ezra Hendrickson -Vincentian footballer

1972- Salah Hissou -Moroccan runner

1972- Joe Horn -American football player

1972- Richard T. Jones -Japanese-American actor

1972- Greg Page (musician)|Greg Page -Australian singer and actor (The Wiggles)

1972- Alen Peternac -Croatian footballer

1973- Josie Davis -American actress and producer

1974- Marlon Anderson -American baseball player

1974- Brent Hinds -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Mastodon (band)|Mastodon)

1974- Kate Moss -English model

1975- Greg Strause -American director and producer

1975- Gillian Iliana Waters -American actress

1976- Viktor Maslov (racer)|Viktor Maslov -Russian race car driver

1976- Martina Moravcová -Slovak swimmer

1977- Jeff Foster -American basketball player

1977- Ariel Ze'evi -Israeli martial artist

1978- Alfredo Amézaga -Mexican baseball player

1979- Aaliyah -American singer, dancer, and actress (d. 2001)

1979- Muntadhar al-Zaidi -Iraqi journalist

1979- Mark Anthony Fernandez -Filipino actor

1979- Brenden Morrow -Canadian ice hockey player

1979- Jason Ward -Canadian ice hockey player

1980- Seydou Keita (footballer)|Seydou Keita -Malian footballer

1980- Lin-Manuel Miranda -American actor and composer

1980- Albert Pujols -Dominican-American baseball player

1980- Katalin Vad -Hungarian porn actress and model

1981- Jamie Lundmark -Canadian ice hockey player

1981- Nick Valensi -American guitarist (The Strokes)

1981- Bobby Zamora -English footballer

1982- Preston (singer)|Preston -English singer-songwriter (The Ordinary Boys)

1982- Tuncay Şanlı -Turkish footballer

1982- Birgitte Hjort Sørensen -Danish actress

1983- Emanuel Pogatetz -Austrian footballer

1983- Andriy Rusol -Ukrainian footballer

1984- Stephan Lichtsteiner -Swiss footballer

1984- Jared Slingerland -Canadian guitarist (Left Spine Down and Front Line Assembly)

1984- Kurt Travis -American singer-songwriter (Dance Gavin Dance and A Lot Like Birds)

1985- Joe Flacco -American football player

1985- Gintaras Januševičius -Lithuanian pianist

1985- Sidharth Malhotra -Indian actor

1985- Jonathan Richter -Danish footballer

1985- Simon Richter -Danish footballer

1985- Pablo Zabaleta -Argentine footballer

1986- Mason Gamble -American actor

1986- Irina Kuzmina -Latvian tennis player

1986- Paula Pareto -Argentine martial artist

1986- Johannes Rahn -German footballer

1986- Mark Trumbo -American baseball player

1986- Reto Ziegler -Swiss footballer

1987- Charlotte Henshaw -English swimmer

1987- Lauren McAvoy -English model

1988- Nicklas Bendtner -Danish footballer

1988- Li Xiaoxia -Chinese table tennis player

1988- Jorge Torres Nilo -Mexican footballer

1989- Yvonne Zima -American actress

1991- Matt Duchene -Canadian ice hockey player

1992- Matt Doherty (footballer born 1992)|Matt Doherty -Irish footballer

1992- Maja Keuc -Slovenian singer

1993- Hannes Anier -Estonian footballer

1993- Amandine Hesse -French tennis player

1995- Mikaela Turik -Australian-Canadian cricketer

History of Deaths


378- Chak Tok Ich'aak I -Mayan king

654- Gao Jifu -Chinese politician, Chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (b. 596)

970- Patriarch Polyeuctus of Constantinople -(b. 956)

1327- Nikephoros Choumnos -Byzantine scholar and politician (b. 1250)

1387- Elizabeth of Bosnia -(b. 1339)

1400- John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter -English politician (b. 1352)

1545- George Spalatin -German reformer (b. 1484)

1547- Johannes Schöner -German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)

1554- Christiern Pedersen -Danish publisher and scholar (b. 1480)

1585- Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln -English admiral (b. 1512)

1592- John Casimir of the Palatinate-Simmern -(b. 1543)

1659- Charles Annibal Fabrot -French lawyer (b. 1580)

1710- Emperor Higashiyama -of Japan (b. 1675)

1711- Joseph Vaz -Indian-Sri Lankan priest (b. 1651)

1747- Barthold Heinrich Brockes -German poet (b. 1680)

1748- Arnold Drakenborch -Dutch scholar (b. 1684)

1750- Ivan Trubetskoy -Russian field marshal (b. 1667)

1752- Francis Blomefield -English historian (b. 1705)

1794- Edward Gibbon -English historian and politician (b. 1737)

1809- John Moore (British Army officer)|John Moore -English general (b. 1761)

1817- Alexander J. Dallas (statesman)|Alexander J. Dallas -Jamaican-American politician, 6th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1759)

1834- Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette -French mathematician (b. 1769)

1856- Thaddeus William Harris -American entomologist and botanist (b. 1795)

1864- Anton Schindler -Austrian author (b. 1795)

1865- Edmond François Valentin About -French journalist and author (b. 1828)

1879- Octave Crémazie -Canadian poet (b. 1827)

1886- Amilcare Ponchielli -Italian composer (b. 1834)

1891- Léo Delibes -French composer (b. 1836)

1898- Charles Pelham Villiers -English lawyer and politician (b. 1802)

1901- Jules Barbier -French poet (b. 1825)

1901- Arnold Böcklin -Swiss painter (b. 1827)

1901- Hiram Rhodes Revels -American minister and politician (b. 1822)

1906- Marshall Field -American businessman, founded Marshall Field's (b. 1834)

1907- Hélène Napoleone Bonaparte -French noblewoman and reputed child of Napoleon (b. 1816)

1917- George Dewey -American admiral (b. 1837)

1917- Herbert von Petersdorff -German swimmer (b. 1882)

1919- Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves -Brazilian politician, 5th President of Brazil (b. 1848)

1920- Reginald De Koven -American composer and critic (b. 1859)

1935- Fred Barker -American criminal (b. 1901)

1935- Ma Barker -American criminal (b. 1871)

1936- Albert Fish -American serial killer (b. 1870)

1938- Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay -Indian author (b. 1876)

1939- William O'Connor (fencer)|William O'Connor -American fencer (b. 1864)

1942- Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn -(b. 1850)

1942- Villem Grünthal-Ridala -Estonian poet and linguist (b. 1885)

1942- Carole Lombard -American actress (b. 1908)

1942- Ernst Scheller -German politician, List of mayors of Marburg|Mayor of Marburg (b. 1899)

1957- Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone -English general and politician, 16th Governor General of Canada (b. 1874)

1957- Arturo Toscanini -Italian conductor (b. 1867)

1959- Phan Khôi -Vietnamese journalist and author (b. 1887)

1960- Arthur Darby -English rugby player (b. 1876)

1961- Max Schöne -German swimmer (b. 1880)

1962- Frank Hurley -Australian photographer (b. 1885)

1962- Ivan Meštrović -Croatian sculptor, designed the Monument to the Unknown Hero and Pobednik (b. 1883)

1963- Ike Quebec -American saxophonist (b. 1918)

1967- Robert J. Van de Graaff -American physicist (b. 1901)

1968- Bob Jones, Sr. -American evangelist, founded Bob Jones University (b. 1883)

1968- Panagiotis Poulitsas -Greek judge and archeologist (b. 1881)

1969- Vernon Duke -Russian-American composer and songwriter (b. 1903)

1971- Philippe Thys -Belgian cyclist (b. 1890)

1972- Teller Ammons -American politician, 28th Governor of Colorado (b. 1895)

1972- Ross Bagdasarian, Sr. -American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor (Alvin and the Chipmunks) (b. 1919)

1975- Israel Abramofsky -Russian-American painter (b. 1888)

1978- A. V. Kulasingham -Sri Lankan journalist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1890)

1979- Ted Cassidy -American actor (b. 1932)

1979- August Heissmeyer -German SS officer (b. 1897)

1981- Bernard Lee -English actor (b. 1908)

1982- Red Smith (sportswriter)|Red Smith -American journalist (b. 1905)

1985- Robert Fitzgerald -American poet and critic (b. 1910)

1986- Herbert W. Armstrong -American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)

1987- Bertram Wainer -Australian physician and activist (b. 1928)

1988- Andrija Artuković -Croatian politician (b. 1899)

1988- Ballard Berkeley -English actor (b. 1904)

1989- Prem Nazir -Indian actor (b. 1926)

1993- Glenn Corbett -American actor (b. 1930)

1993- Jón Páll Sigmarsson -Icelandic strongman and weightlifter (b. 1960)

1995- Eric Mottram -English poet and critic (b. 1924)

1996- Marcia Davenport -American author and critic (b. 1903)

1996- Kaye Webb -English journalist and publisher(b. 1914)

1997- Ennis Cosby -American educator (b. 1969)

1997- Markus Hoffmann -German actor (b. 1971)

1998- Dimitris Horn -Greek actor (b. 1921)

1999- Jim McClelland -Australian jurist and politician (b. 1915)

2000- Will "Dub" Jones -American singer (The Coasters and The Cadets (doo wop)|The Cadets) (b. 1928)

2000- Robert R. Wilson -American physicist (b. 1914)

2001- Auberon Waugh -English author and journalist (b. 1939)

2002- Robert Hanbury Brown -English astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)

2002- Bobo Olson -American boxer (b. 1928)

2002- Ron Taylor (actor)|Ron Taylor -American actor and singer (b. 1952)

2003- Richard Wainwright (politician)|Richard Wainwright -English politician (b. 1918)

2004- Kalevi Sorsa -Finnish politician 34th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)

2005- Marjorie Williams -American journalist (b. 1958)

2006- Stanley Biber -American surgeon (b. 1923)

2007- Ron Carey (actor)|Ron Carey -American actor (b. 1935)

2007- Benny Parsons -American race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1941)

2009- Joe Erskine (American boxer)|Joe Erskine -American boxer and runner (b. 1930)

2009- John Mortimer -English lawyer and author (b. 1923)

2009- Andrew Wyeth -American painter (b. 1917)

2010- Glen Bell -American businessman, founded Taco Bell (b. 1923)

2012- Joe Bygraves -Jamaican-English boxer (b. 1931)

2012- Jimmy Castor -American saxophonist (b. 1940)

2012- Mike Current -American football player (b. 1945)

2012- Sigursteinn Gíslason -Icelandic footballer and manager (b. 1968)

2012- Lorna Kesterson -American journalist and politician (b. 1925)

2012- Gustav Leonhardt -Dutch pianist, conductor, and musicologist (b. 1928)

2013- Wayne D. Anderson -American baseball player and coach (b. 1930)

2013- André Cassagnes -French toy maker, created the Etch A Sketch (b. 1926)

2013- Burhan Doğançay -Turkish painter (b. 1929)

2013- Noé Hernández -Mexican race walker (b. 1978)

2013- Samson Kimobwa -Kenyan runner (b. 1955)

2013- Gussie Moran -American tennis player (b. 1923)

2013- Pauline Phillips -American journalist and radio host, created Dear Abby (b. 1918)

2013- Nic Potter -English bass player and songwriter (Van der Graaf Generator and The Misunderstood) (b. 1951)

2013- John R. Powers -American author and playwright (b. 1945)

2013- Glen P. Robinson -American businessman, founded Scientific Atlanta (b. 1923)

2013- Aslan Usoyan -Georgian-Russian mobster (b. 1937)

2014- Gary Arlington -American author and illustrator (b. 1938)

2014- Ruth Duccini -American actress (b. 1918)

2014- Wiley W. Hilburn -American journalist and academic (b. 1938)

2014- Russell Johnson -American actor (b. 1924)

2014- Dave Madden -Canadian-American actor (b. 1931)

2014- Hiroo Onoda -Japanese lieutenant (b. 1922)

2014- Bence Rakaczki -Hungarian footballer (b. 1993)

2014- Bud Spangler -American drummer, composer, and producer (b. 1938)

2014- Chris Ullo -American businessman and politician (b. 1928)