This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-12

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


1528- Gustav I of Sweden -crowned king of Sweden.

1539-Treaty of Toledo signed by King Francis I of France -and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|Charles V.

1554- Bayinnaung -who would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, is crowned List of Burmese monarchs|King of Burma.

1616-The city of Belém -is founded in Pará, Brazil by Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco.

1773-The first public Thirteen Colonies|Colonial America -museum opens in Charleston, South Carolina.

1777- Mission Santa Clara de Asís -is founded in what is now Santa Clara, California.

1808-The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society -a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh|Edinburgh, Scotland.

1808- John Rennie the Elder|John Rennie -s scheme to defend '''St Mary's Church, Reculver''', founded in 669, from coastal erosion was abandoned in favour of demolition, despite it being an exemplar of Anglo-Saxon architecture|Anglo-Saxon church architecture and Anglo-Saxon art#Monumental sculpture and wall painting|sculpture.

1848-The Sicilian revolution of independence of 1848|Palermo rising -takes place in Sicily against the House of Bourbon|Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

1866-The Royal Aeronautical Society -is formed in London.

1872- Yohannes IV of Ethiopia|Yohannes IV -is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.

1895- National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty|The National Trust -is founded in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|United Kingdom.

1898- Itō Hirobumi -begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.

1899-Thirteen crew members and five apprentices are rescued from the stricken schooner ''Forest Hall'' by the Lynmouth Lifeboat Station|Lynmouth Lifeboat -when the former Shipwrecking#Instability and foundering|founders off the coast of Devon.

1906-Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman -s cabinet (which included amongst its members H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.

1908-A long-distance radio -message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.

1911-The University of the Philippines College of Law -is formally established; three future President of the Philippines|Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.

1915-The Rocky Mountain National Park -is formed by an act of United States Congress|U.S. Congress.

1915-The United States House of Representatives -rejects a proposal to give women the suffrage|right to vote.

1918- Finland -s "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.

1921-Acting to restore confidence in baseball after the Black Sox Scandal -Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis is elected as Major League Baseball's first commissioner.

1926-Original Sam 'n' Henry -aired on Chicago|Chicago, Illinois radio later renamed Amos 'n' Andy in 1928.

1932- Hattie Caraway -becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate.

1942- World War II -President of the United States|President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board.

1959-The Caves of Nerja -are rediscovered in Spain.

1962- Vietnam War -Operation Chopper (Vietnam)|Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in the war, takes place.

1964-Rebels in Zanzibar -begin a revolt known as the Zanzibar Revolution and proclaim a republic.

1966- Lyndon B. Johnson -states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communism|Communist aggression there is ended.

1967-Dr. James Bedford -becomes the first person to be cryonics|cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.

1969-The New York Jets -of the American Football League defeat the History of the Baltimore Colts|Baltimore Colts of the National Football League to win Super Bowl III in what is considered to be one of the greatest upsets in sports history.

1970- Biafra -capitulates, ending the Nigerian Civil War.

1971-The Harrisburg Seven -Reverend Philip Berrigan and five others are indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C.

1971- All in the Family -The famous situation comedy premieres on CBS

1976-The United Nations Security Council -votes 11-1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights).

1986- Space Shuttle program -Congressman Bill Nelson lifts off from Kennedy Space Center aboard Space Shuttle Columbia|''Columbia'' on mission STS-61-C as a Mission Specialist.

1991- Gulf War -An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.

1998-Nineteen Europe -n nations agree to forbid human cloning.

2001- Downtown Disney (Disneyland Resort)|Downtown Disney -opens to the public as part of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California.

2004-The world's largest ocean liner -RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.

2005- Deep Impact (spacecraft)|Deep Impact -launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta II rocket.

2006- Incidents during the Hajj|A stampede -during the Stoning of the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.

2006-The French warship French aircraft carrier Clemenceau (R98)|Clemenceau -reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.

2007-Comet C/2006 P1 -(McNaught) reaches Apsis|perihelion becoming the brightest comet in more than 40 years.

2010-The 2010 Haiti earthquake -occurs killing an estimated 316,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince.