This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-10

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


49 BC- Julius Caesar -crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of Caesar's Civil War|civil war.

9-The Western Han Dynasty -ends when Wang Mang claims that the divine Mandate of Heaven called for the end of the dynasty and the beginning of his own, the Xin Dynasty.

69- Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus -is appointed by Galba as Caesar (title)|deputy Roman Emperor.

236- Pope Fabian -succeeds Pope Anterus|Anterus to become the twentieth pope of Ancient Rome|Rome.

1072- Robert Guiscard -conquers Palermo.

1475- Stephen III of Moldavia -defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.

1645-Archbishop William Laud -is beheaded at the Tower of London.

1776- Thomas Paine -publishes his pamphlet ''Common Sense (pamphlet)|Common Sense''.

1791-The Siege of Dunlap's Station -begins near Cincinnati during the Northwest Indian War.

1806-Dutch settlers in Cape Town -surrender to the United Kingdom|British.

1810- Napoleon -Bonaparte divorces his first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais|Joséphine.

1861- American Civil War -Florida secedes from the Union (American Civil War)|Union.

1863-The London Underground -the world's oldest underground railway, opens between London Paddington station and Farringdon station.

1870- John D. Rockefeller -incorporates Standard Oil.

1901-The first great Texas -petroleum|oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.

1916- World War I -In the Erzurum Offensive, Russian Empire|Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire.

1920-The Treaty of Versailles -takes effect, officially ending World War I.

1922- Arthur Griffith -is elected President of the Dáil Éireann.

1923- Lithuania -seizes and annexes Klaipėda|Memel.

1927- Fritz Lang -s futuristic film ''Metropolis (1927 film)|Metropolis'' is released in Germany.

1929-'' The Adventures of Tintin -', one of the most popular European comic books, is first published in Belgium.

1941- World War II -The Greece|Greek army Capture of Klisura Pass|captures Këlcyrë|Kleisoura.

1946-The first United Nations General Assembly|General Assembly -of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.

1946-The United States Army -Signal Corps (United States Army)|Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the moon and receiving the reflected signals.

1954- BOAC Flight 781 -a de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1, explodes and falls into the Tyrrhenian Sea killing 35 people.

1962- Apollo program -NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket launch vehicle. It became better known as the Saturn V Moon rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission.

1972- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman -returns to the newly independent Bangladesh as president after spending over nine months in prison in Pakistan.

1981- Salvadoran Civil War -The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front|FMLN launches its first major offensive, gaining control of most of Morazán Department|Morazán and Chalatenango Department|Chalatenango departments

1984- Holy See–United States relations -The United States and Holy See (Vatican City) re-establish full diplomatic relations after almost 117 years, overturning the United States Congress's 1867 ban on public funding for such a diplomatic envoy.

1985- Sandinista National Liberation Front|Sandinista -Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.

1990- Time Warner -is formed by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications.

1999- Sanjeev Nanda -kills three policemen in New Delhi|New Delhi, India with his car, an act for which he was later acquitted, resulting in a sharp drop in public confidence in the Judiciary of India|Indian legal system.

2005-A mudslide occurs in La Conchita, California -killing 10 people, injuring many more and closing U.S. Route 101 in California|U.S. Route 101, the main coastal corridor between Los Angeles and San Francisco for 10 days.

2007-A 2007 Guinean general strike|general strike -begins in Guinea in an eventually successful attempt to get President Lansana Conté to resign.

2011- 2010–2011 Queensland floods -Torrential rain in the Lockyer Valley region of South East Queensland|South East Queensland, Australia causes severe flash flooding, killing 9 people.

2012-A 2012 Khyber Agency bombing|bombing -in Khyber Agency, Pakistan, kills at least 30 people and 78 others injured.

2013-More than 100 people are killed and 270 injured in several January 2013 Pakistan bombings|bomb blasts -in Pakistan.

Famous Birthdays


1480- Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy -(d. 1530)

1538- Louis of Nassau -(d. 1574)

1607- Isaac Jogues -French priest and missionary (d. 1646)

1628- George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham -English politician (d. 1687)

1644- Louis François, duc de Boufflers -French general (d. 1711)

1654- Joshua Barnes -English scholar (d. 1712)

1702- Johannes Zick -German painter (d. 1762)

1715- Christian August Crusius -German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)

1729- Lazzaro Spallanzani -Italian biologist (d. 1799)

1741- Princess Elizabeth of Great Britain -(d. 1759)

1745- Isaac Titsingh -Dutch surgeon, scholar, and diplomat (d. 1812)

1750- Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine -Scottish-English lawyer and politician (d. 1823)

1760- Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg -German composer and conductor (d. 1802)

1769- Michel Ney -French marshal (d. 1815)

1776- George Birkbeck -English doctor and academic, founded Birkbeck, University of London (d. 1841)

1780- Martin Lichtenstein -German physician and explorer (d. 1857)

1797- Eugenio Kincaid -American missionary (d. 1883)

1802- Carl Ritter von Ghega -Albanian engineer (d. 1860)

1810- Ferdinand Barbedienne -French engineer (d. 1892)

1810- Jeremiah S. Black -American jurist and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of State (d. 1883)

1812- Georg Hermann Nicolai -German architect (d. 1881)

1828- Herman Koeckemann -German bishop (d. 1892)

1834- John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton -English historian and politician (d. 1902)

1836- Charles Ingalls -American father of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)

1840- Louis-Nazaire Bégin -Canadian cardinal (d. 1925)

1842- Luigi Pigorini -Italian palaeontologist, archaeologist, and ethnographer (d. 1925)

1843- Frank James -American soldier and outlaw (d. 1915)

1848- Reinhold Sadler -American politician, 9th List of Governors of Nevada|Governor of Nevada (d. 1906)

1849- Robert Crosbie -Canadian theosophist, founded the United Lodge of Theosophists (d. 1919)

1850- John Wellborn Root -American architect, designed the Rookery Building and Monadnock Building (d. 1891)

1853- Jessie Bond -English singer and actress (d. 1942)

1858- Heinrich Zille -German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)

1859- Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia -Spanish philosopher (d. 1909)

1860- Charles G. D. Roberts -Canadian poet and author (d. 1943)

1864- Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia -(d. 1931)

1865- Mary Ingalls -American sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)

1873- Algernon Maudslay -English sailor (d. 1948)

1873- Jack O'Neill (baseball)|Jack O'Neill -Irish-American baseball player (d. 1935)

1873- George Orton -Canadian runner (d. 1958)

1875- Issai Schur -German mathematician (d. 1941)

1880- Manuel Azaña -Spanish politician, 7th President of Spain (d. 1940)

1881- Leslie Rainey -Australian cricketer and footballer (d. 1962)

1883- Francis X. Bushman -American actor (d. 1966)

1883- Oscar Goerke -American cyclist (d. 1934)

1883- Alfred Saalwächter -German admiral (d. 1945)

1883- Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy -Russian author (d. 1945)

1887- Robinson Jeffers -American poet (d. 1962)

1889- Maurice Collis -Irish author (d. 1973)

1890- Grigory Landsberg -Russian physicist (d. 1957)

1890- Pina Menichelli -Italian actress (d. 1984)

1891- Heinrich Behmann -German mathematician (d. 1970)

1891- Ann Shoemaker -American actress (d. 1978)

1892- Dumas Malone -American historian (d. 1986)

1892- Melchior Wańkowicz -Polish journalist (d. 1974)

1893- Albert Jacka -Australian soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1932)

1894- Pingali Lakshmikantam -Indian poet (d. 1972)

1898- Katharine Burr Blodgett -American physicist (d. 1979)

1903- Barbara Hepworth -English sculptor (d. 1975)

1903- Voldemar Väli -Estonian wrestler (d. 1997)

1903- Violet Wilkey -American actress (d. 1976)

1904- Ray Bolger -American actor and dancer (d. 1987)

1905- Albert Arlen -Australian pianist, composer, actor, and playwright (d. 1993)

1908- Paul Henreid -Italian-American actor and director (d. 1992)

1908- Bernard Lee -English actor (d. 1981)

1910- Jean Martinon -French conductor and composer (d. 1976)

1911- Binod Bihari Chowdhury -Bangladeshi activist (d. 2013)

1911- Norman Heatley -English biologist (d. 2004)

1912- Maria Mandel -Austrian SS guard (d. 1948)

1913- Gustáv Husák -Slovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1991)

1913- Mehmet Shehu -Albanian politician (d. 1981)

1914- Pierre Cogan -French cyclist (d. 2013)

1914- Yu Kuo-hwa -Chinese politician, 23rd Premier of the Republic of China (d. 2000)

1915- Dean Dixon -American conductor (d. 1976)

1915- Cynthia Freeman -American author (d. 1988)

1916- Sune Bergström -Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)

1916- Eldzier Cortor -American painter

1916- Don Metz (hockey)|Don Metz -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)

1917- Hilde Krahl -Austrian actress (d. 1999)

1917- Jerry Wexler -American record producer and journalist (d. 2008)

1918- Les Bennett -English footballer (d. 1999)

1918- Arthur Chung -Guyanese politician, 1st President of Guyana (d. 2008)

1919- Terukuni Manzō -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 38th Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (d. 1977)

1919- Milton Parker -American businessman, co-founded the Carnegie Deli (d. 2009)

1919- Billy Varga -American wrestler and actor (d. 2013)

1919- Rex Marshall -American actor and radio personality (d. 1983)

1920- Georges Marchal -French actor (d. 1997)

1920- Max Patkin -American baseball player (d. 1999)

1921- Tasso Kavadia -Greek actress (d. 2010)

1921- Rodger Ward -American race car driver (d. 2004)

1922- Billy Liddell -Scottish footballer (d. 2001)

1922- Ester Mägi -Estonian composer

1922- Hannelore Schroth -German actress (d. 1987)

1924- Ludmilla Chiriaeff -Canadian ballerina, choreographer, and director (d. 1996)

1924- Max Roach -American drummer and composer (M'Boom) (d. 2007)

1925- Billie Sol Estes -American businessman (d. 2013)

1925- Günther Knödler -German fencer

1926- Musallam Bseiso -Palestinian journalist and politician

1927- Gisele MacKenzie -Canadian-American singer and actress (d. 2003)

1927- Lee Philips -American actor and director (d. 1999)

1927- Johnnie Ray -American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1990)

1927- Otto Stich -Swiss politician, 140th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 2012)

1928- Philip Levine (poet)|Philip Levine -American poet

1928- Peter Mathias -English historian and academic

1929- Derek Hammond-Stroud -English opera singer (d. 2012)

1929- Tony Soper -English ornithologist and author

1930- Elaine Devry -American actress

1930- Roy E. Disney -American businessman (d. 2009)

1931- Peter Barnes (playwright)|Peter Barnes -English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2004)

1931- Rosalind Howells, Baroness Howells of St Davids -Grenadian-English academic and politician

1931- Massimo Vignelli -Italian-American graphic designer (d. 2014)

1931- John Zizioulas -Greek metropolitan

1933- Anton Rodgers -English actor and director (d. 2007)

1934- Leonid Kravchuk -Ukrainian politician, 1st President of Ukraine

1935- Ronnie Hawkins -American singer-songwriter and producer

1935- Georg Katzer -German composer

1935- Sherrill Milnes -American opera singer

1936- Stephen E. Ambrose -American historian and author (d. 2002)

1936- Walter Bodmer -German-English geneticist and academic

1936- Burnum Burnum -Australian actor and author (d. 1997)

1936- Al Goldstein -American publisher and pornographer (d. 2013)

1936- Robert Woodrow Wilson -American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1937- Daniel Walker Howe -American historian

1937- Thomas Penfield Jackson -American judge (d. 2013)

1938- Donald Knuth -American computer scientist and author

1938- Frank Mahovlich -Canadian ice hockey player and politician

1938- Willie McCovey -American baseball player

1939- Jared Carter -American poet

1939- Sonosuke Fujimaki -Japanese fencer

1939- David Horowitz -American activist and author, founded the David Horowitz Freedom Center

1939- William Levy (author)|William Levy -Dutch author

1939- Scott McKenzie -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)

1939- Sal Mineo -American actor (d. 1976)

1939- Bill Toomey -American decathlete

1940- Guy Chevrette -Canadian politician

1940- Harry Gant -American race car driver

1940- Godfrey Hewitt -English geneticist (d. 2013)

1940- Walter Hill (director)|Walter Hill -American director, screenwriter, and producer

1940- Ntare VI of Ankole -(d. 2011)

1940- K. J. Yesudas -Indian singer-songwriter

1941- Tom Clarke (politician)|Tom Clarke -English politician

1942- Graeme Gahan -Australian footballer

1943- Jim Croce -American singer-songwriter (d. 1973)

1943- Jantzen Derrick -English footballer

1943- Kristiina Elstelä -Finnish actress

1944- Rory Byrne -South African engineer

1944- Bernard Derome -Canadian journalist

1944- William Sanderson -American actor

1944- Frank Sinatra, Jr. -American singer-songwriter and actor

1945- Jerome Drayton -Canadian runner

1945- John Fahey (politician)|John Fahey -Australian politician, 38th Premier of New South Wales

1945- Gunther von Hagens -German anatomist, inventor of plastination

1945- Jennifer Moss (actress)|Jennifer Moss -English actress and singer (d. 2006)

1945- Rod Stewart -English-Scottish singer-songwriter (The Jeff Beck Group, Faces (band)|Faces, Shotgun Express, and The Steampacket)

1945- Edward Wiskoski -American wrestler

1946- Aynsley Dunbar -English drummer and songwriter (The Jeff Beck Group, Journey (band)|Journey, Jefferson Starship, UFO (band)|UFO, The Mojos, and John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers)

1946- Alexis Nihon, Jr. -Canadian wrestler (d. 2013)

1947- Arlene Ackerman (educator)|Arlene Ackerman -American educator (d. 2013)

1947- George Alec Effinger -American author (d. 2002)

1947- Matthew Oakeshott, Baron Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay -English banker and politician

1947- Peer Steinbrück -German politician

1947- Tiit Vähi -Estonian politician, 11th Prime Minister of Estonia

1948- Donald Fagen -American singer-songwriter and pianist (Steely Dan)

1948- Teresa Graves -American actress and singer (d. 2002)

1948- Mischa Maisky -Latvian-Israeli cellist

1948- David Neuberger, Baron Neuberger of Abbotsbury -English lawyer and judge

1948- Bernard Thévenet -French cyclist

1949- Allu Aravind -Indian film producer

1949- Fred Bronson -American journalist and author

1949- George Foreman -American boxer

1949- James Lapine -American director

1949- Linda Lovelace -American porn actress and activist (d. 2002)

1950- Roy Blunt -American politician

1950- Ernie Wasson -American gardener and author

1951- Paul DiMaggio -American educator

1951- Nicolas Philibert -French actor and director

1951- Pez Whatley -American wrestler (d. 2005)

1952- Scott Thurston -American guitarist and songwriter (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers and The Stooges)

1953- Pat Benatar -American singer-songwriter

1953- Dennis Cooper -American author

1953- Bobby Rahal -American race car driver

1954- John Gidman -English footballer

1954- Greg Towns -Australian footballer

1955- Michael Schenker -German guitarist (UFO (band)|UFO, Scorpions (band)|Scorpions, Contraband (band)|Contraband, and McAuley Schenker Group)

1955- Franco Tancredi -Italian footballer

1956- Shawn Colvin -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1956- Antonio Muñoz Molina -Spanish author

1957- Paula Smith -American tennis player

1957- Greg Walden -American politician

1958- Eddie Cheever -American race car driver

1958- Caroline Langrishe -English actress

1958- Anatoly Pisarenko -Ukrainian weightlifter

1959- Bernhard Hoff -German sprinter

1959- Chris Van Hollen -American politician

1959- Fran Walsh -New Zealand screenwriter and producer

1960- Gurinder Chadha -Kenyan-English director

1960- Brian Cowen -Irish politician, 12th Taoiseach

1960- John Mann (British politician)|John Mann -English politician

1960- Benoît Pelletier -Canadian lawyer and politician

1960- Samira Said -Moroccan singer-songwriter

1961- Steve Hamilton (author)|Steve Hamilton -American author

1961- Evan Handler -American actor

1961- Janet Jones -American actress

1961- Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg -Italian-American violinist, author, and educator

1962- Michael Fortier -Canadian lawyer and politician

1963- Malcolm Dunford -New Zealand footballer

1963- Kira Ivanova -Soviet figure skater (d. 2001)

1963- David Dewayne Johnson -American murderer (d. 2000)

1963- Mark Pryor -American politician, 53rd Arkansas Attorney General

1964- Chitti Babu (actor)|Chitti Babu -Indian actor (d. 2013)

1964- Tony Gardner -English actor

1964- Akifumi Tada -Japanese composer

1964- Brad Roberts -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Crash Test Dummies)

1965- Wally Bell -American baseball umpire (d. 2013)

1965- Butch Hartman -American animator, voice actor, and singer

1966- Robert Jürjendal -Estonian guitarist and composer

1966- Steve Kramer (politician)|Steve Kramer -American politician

1966- Murali Nair -Indian director and screenwriter

1966- Jeremy Sims -Australian actor and director

1967- Jeremy Cumpston -Australian actor

1967- Johan Laats -Belgian martial artist

1967- Maciej Śliwowski -Polish footballer

1969- Janko Kastelic -Slovene-Canadian conductor

1969- Andreas Reinke -German footballer

1970- Buff Bagwell -American wrestler and actor

1970- Scott Ludlam -Australian politician

1970- Alisa Marić -Serbian chess player

1972- Thomas Alsgaard -Norwegian skier

1972- Mohammed Benzakour -Moroccan-Dutch journalist, poet, and author

1972- Brian Lawler -American wrestler

1973- Jakob Cedergren -Danish actor

1973- Ryan Drummond -American actor and singer

1973- Glenn Robinson -American basketball player

1973- Félix Trinidad -Puerto Rican boxer

1974- Jemaine Clement -New Zealand actor, singer, and guitarist (Flight of the Conchords)

1974- Davide Dionigi -Italian footballer

1974- Ryōka Yuzuki -Japanese voice actress

1974- Akari Kaida -Japanese composer

1974- Andrey Korneyev -Russian swimmer

1974- Steve Marlet -French footballer

1974- Clinton O'Brien -Australian rugby player

1974- Bob Peeters -Belgian footballer

1974- Hrithik Roshan -Indian actor

1975- Jake Delhomme -American football player

1976- Adam Kennedy -American baseball player

1976- Ian Poulter -English golfer

1976- Alec Shelbrooke -English politician

1978- Brent Smith -American singer-songwriter (Shinedown)

1978- Tamina Snuka -American wrestler

1978- Tanel Tein -Estonian basketball player

1979- Simone Cavalli -Italian footballer

1979- Bodo Sieber -German rugby player

1980- Nelson Cuevas -Paraguayan footballer

1980- Petri Lindroos -Finnish singer and guitarist (Ensiferum and Norther)

1980- Tatjana Mannima -Estonian skier

1980- Aleksandr Pogorelov -Russian decathlete

1980- Sarah Shahi -American actress

1981- James Coppinger -English footballer

1981- Inga Jankauskaitė -Lithuanian actress, singer, and pianist

1981- Brian Joo -American-South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Fly to the Sky)

1982- Julien Brellier -French footballer

1982- Josh Ryan Evans -American actor (d. 2002)

1983- Danilo Dirani -Brazilian race car driver

1983- Li Nina -Chinese skier

1984- Marouane Chamakh -Moroccan footballer

1984- Trent Cutler -Australian rugby player

1984- Nando Rafael -Angolan-German footballer

1985- Abdulkader Dakka -Syrian footballer

1985- Jaroslav Kolbas -Slovak footballer

1985- Craig Lewis (cyclist)|Craig Lewis -American cyclist

1985- Alex Meraz -American actor

1985- Sofia Yfantidou -Greek heptathlete

1986- Trent Barreta -American wrestler

1986- Chen Jin -Chinese badminton player

1986- Abbey Clancy -English model and television host

1986- Kirsten Flipkens -Belgian tennis player

1986- Hideaki Ikematsu -Japanese footballer

1986- Saleisha Stowers -American model

1986- Kenneth Vermeer -Dutch footballer

1987- César Cielo -Brazilian swimmer

1988- Marvin Martin -French footballer

1988- Vladimir Zharkov -Russian ice hockey player

1989- Emily Meade -American actress

1989- Kyle Reimers -Australian footballer

1990- Mirko Bortolotti -Italian race car driver

1990- Wilhelm Ingves -Finnish footballer

1990- Tao Li -Singaporean swimmer

1990- Stefano Lilipaly -Dutch-Indonesian footballer

1990- César Ruiz -Peruvian footballer

1991- Romain Wattel -French golfer

1992- Emmanuel Frimpong -Ghanaian footballer

1996- María Paulina Pérez -Colombian tennis player

1996- Paula Andrea Pérez -Colombian tennis player

1998- Xu Shilin -Chinese tennis player

2000- Sota Yamamoto -Japanese figure skater

History of Deaths


976- John I Tzimiskes -Byzantine emperor (b. 925)

1094- Al-Mustansir Billah -Egyptian caliph (b. 1029)

1276- Pope Gregory X -(b. 1210)

1645- William Laud -English archbishop (b. 1573)

1654- Nicholas Culpeper -English botanist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)

1662- Honoré II, Prince of Monaco -(b. 1597)

1698- Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont -French historian (b. 1637)

1707- Philibert de Gramont -French soldier (b. 1621)

1754- Edward Cave -English publisher, founded the ''The Gentleman's Magazine'' (b. 1691)

1761- Edward Boscawen -English admiral and politician (b. 1711)

1777- Spranger Barry -Irish actor (b. 1719)

1778- Carolus Linnaeus -Swedish botanist (b. 1707)

1794- Georg Forster -German-Polish ethnologist and journalist (d. 1754)

1811- Joseph Chénier -French poet, playwright, and politician (b. 1764)

1824- Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia -(b. 1759)

1825- Ioannis Varvakis -Greek sailor and soldier (b. 1745)

1828- François de Neufchâteau -French politician (b. 1750)

1829- Gregorio Funes -Argentinian clergyman, historian, and educator (b. 1749)

1833- Adrien-Marie Legendre -French mathematician (b. 1752)

1851- Karl Freiherr von Müffling -Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)

1855- Mary Russell Mitford -English author and playwright (b. 1787)

1862- Samuel Colt -American businessman, founded the Colt's Manufacturing Company (b. 1814)

1863- Lyman Beecher -American minister, co-founded the American Temperance Society (b. 1775)

1866- Pyotr Pletnyov -Russian poet (b. 1792)

1883- Samuel Mudd -American physician (b. 1833)

1895- Eli Whitney Blake, Jr. -American scientist and academic (b. 1836)

1895- Benjamin Godard -French violinist and composer (b. 1849)

1901- James Robert Dickson -Australian politician, 13th Premier of Queensland (b. 1832)

1904- Jean-Léon Gérôme -French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)

1905- Kārlis Baumanis -Latvian composer and songwriter (b. 1835)

1917- Buffalo Bill -American soldier and hunter (b. 1846)

1917- Feliks Leparsky -Russian fencer (b. 1875)

1921- Raymond Thorne -American swimmer (b. 1887)

1922- Frank Tudor -Australian politician (b. 1866)

1926- Eino Leino -Finnish poet (b. 1878)

1934- Marinus van der Lubbe -Dutch anarchist (b. 1909)

1935- Edwin Flack -Australian tennis player (b. 1873)

1941- Frank Bridge -English viola player and composer (b. 1879)

1941- John Lavery -Irish painter (b. 1856)

1941- Joe Penner -Hungarian-American comedian and actor (b. 1904)

1941- Issai Schur -German mathematician (b. 1875)

1949- Erich von Drygalski -German geographer and geophysicist (b. 1865)

1951- Sinclair Lewis -American author and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)

1951- Yoshio Nishina -Japanese physicist (b. 1890)

1954- Oscar Brockmeyer -American soccer player (b. 1883)

1954- Chester Wilmot -American journalist (b. 1911)

1957- Gabriela Mistral -Chilean poet and educator, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)

1960- Jack Laviolette -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1879)

1961- Dashiell Hammett -American author and screenwriter (b. 1894)

1965- Frederick Fleet -English crewman on the RMS Titanic (b. 1887)

1968- Basil Sydney -English actor (b. 1894)

1969- John Brownlee (baritone)|John Brownlee -Australian opera singer (b. 1900)

1969- Sampurnanand -Indian activist and politician, 2nd Governor of Rajasthan (b. 1891)

1970- Pavel Belyayev -Russian pilot and astronaut (b. 1925)

1971- Coco Chanel -French fashion designer, founded Chanel (b. 1883)

1971- Ignazio Giunti -Italian racing driver (b. 1941)

1972- Aksel Larsen -Danish politician (b. 1897)

1976- Howlin' Wolf -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1910)

1978- Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal -Nicaraguan journalist (b. 1924)

1978- Don Gillis (composer)|Don Gillis -American composer and conductor (b. 1912)

1980- Hughie Critz -American baseball player (b. 1900)

1980- George Meany -American union leader (b. 1894)

1980- Bo Rein -American football player and coach (b. 1945)

1981- Katharine Alexander -American actress (b. 1898)

1981- Richard Boone -American actor (b. 1917)

1981- Fawn M. Brodie -American historian and author (b. 1915)

1982- Paul Lynde -American comedian and actor (b. 1926)

1984- Souvanna Phouma -Laotian politician, 8th Prime Minister of Laos (b. 1901)

1985- Anton Karas -Austrian zither player and composer (b. 1906)

1986- Jaroslav Seifert -Czech journalist and poet, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)

1987- Marion Hutton -American singer and actress (b. 1919)

1987- David Robinson (philanthropist)|David Robinson -English businessman and philanthropist (b. 1904)

1989- Herbert Morrison (announcer)|Herbert Morrison -American journalist (b. 1905)

1989- Colin Winchester -Australian police officer (b. 1933)

1990- Tochinishiki Kiyotaka -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 44th Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (b. 1925)

1991- Richard Kuremaa -Estonian footballer (b. 1912)

1992- Roberto Bonomi -Argentine race car driver (b. 1919)

1995- Kathleen Tynan -Canadian-English journalist, author, and screenwriter (b. 1937)

1997- Elspeth Huxley -Kenyan-English journalist and author (b. 1907)

1997- Sheldon Leonard -American actor, producer, and director (b. 1907)

1997- Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd -Scottish chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)

1999- Edward Williams (judge)|Edward Williams -Australian judge (b. 1921)

2000- Sam Jaffe (producer)|Sam Jaffe -American film producer (b. 1901)

2002- W. A. Criswell -American pastor and author (b. 1909)

2004- Spalding Gray -American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)

2004- Alexandra Ripley -American author (b. 1934)

2005- Basil (Fedak)|Basil -Ukrainian-Canadian bishop (b. 1909)

2005- Gene Baylos -American comedian (b. 1906)

2005- Margherita Carosio -Italian soprano (b. 1908)

2005- James Forman -American activist (b. 1928)

2005- Kalevi Hämäläinen -Finnish skier (b. 1932)

2005- Erwin Hillier -German-English cinematographer (b. 1911)

2005- Jack Horner (journalist)|Jack Horner -American journalist (b. 1912)

2005- Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium -(b. 1927)

2005- Arthur Walworth -American author (b. 1903)

2007- Carlo Ponti -Italian film producer (b. 1912)

2007- Bradford Washburn -American explorer, photographer, and cartographer (b. 1910)

2008- Christopher Bowman -American figure skater (b. 1967)

2008- Mikhail Minin -Russian soldier (b. 1922)

2008- Maila Nurmi -Finnish-American actress (b. 1921)

2009- Bill Stone -English sailor (b. 1900)

2011- Vivek Shauq -Indian actor (b. 1963)

2011- Margaret Whiting -American singer (b. 1924)

2012- Vince Gibson -American football player and coach (b. 1933)

2012- Kyra T. Inachin -German-American historian and author (b. 1968)

2012- Lila Kaye -English actress (b. 1929)

2012- Jean Pigott -Canadian businesswoman and politician (b. 1924)

2012- Cliff Portwood -English footballer and singer (b. 1937)

2012- Mary Raftery -Irish journalist (b. 1957)

2012- Gevork Vartanian -Russian intelligence agent (b. 1924)

2013- Christel Adelaar -Indonesian-Dutch actress (b. 1935)

2013- Antonino Calderone -Italian mobster (b. 1935)

2013- Evan S. Connell -American author and poet (b. 1924)

2013- George Gruntz -Swiss pianist and composer (b. 1932)

2013- Jay Handlan -American basketball player (b. 1928)

2013- Franz Lehrndorfer -German organist and composer (b. 1928)

2013- Claude Nobs -Swiss businessman, founded the Montreux Jazz Festival (b. 1936)

2013- Lucien Poirier -French general (b. 1918)

2013- Jorge Selarón -Chilean-Brazilian painter (b. 1947)

2014- Sam Berns -an American who suffered from progeria and helped raise awareness about the disease (b. 1996)

2014- Elliot W. Eisner -American academic (b. 1933)

2014- Aram Gharabekian -Armenian conductor (b. 1955)

2014- Petr Hlaváček -Czech shoemaker and academic (b. 1950)

2014- Zbigniew Messner -Polish economist and politician, 9th List of Prime Ministers of Poland|Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland (b. 1929)

2014- Donald Morton -American oncologist (b. 1934)

2014- Ian Redford -Scottish footballer and manager (b. 1960)

2014- Larry Speakes -American journalist, 16th White House Press Secretary (b. 1939)

2014- Allard van der Scheer -Dutch actor (b. 1928)