Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
421- Constantius III -becomes co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1238-The Mongol Empire|Mongols -burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
1250- Seventh Crusade -Crusaders engage Ayyubid dynasty|Ayyubid forces in the Battle of Al Mansurah.
1347-The Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347 -ends with a power-sharing agreement between John VI Kantakouzenos and John V Palaiologos.
1575- Universiteit Leiden -is founded, and given the motto ''Praesidium Libertatis''.
1587- Mary, Queen of Scots -is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Elizabeth I of England|Queen Elizabeth I.
1601- Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex -rebels against Queen Elizabeth I
1693-The College of William and Mary -in Williamsburg, Virginia is granted a charter by William III of England|King William III and Mary II of England|Queen Mary II.
1726-The Supreme Privy Council -is established in Russia.
1817- Juan Gregorio de las Heras|Las Heras -Crossing of the Andes|crosses the Andes with an army to join José de San Martín|San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.
1837- Richard Mentor Johnson|Richard Johnson -becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
1855-The Devil's Footprints -mysteriously appear in southern Devon.
1856- Barbu Dimitrie Ştirbei -abolishes slavery in Wallachia.
1865-In the United States -Delaware voters reject the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and vote to continue the practice of slavery. (Delaware finally ratifies the amendment on February 12, 1901.)
1879- Sandford Fleming -first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
1879-The England cricket team -led by George Harris, 4th Baron Harris|Lord Harris is Sydney Riot of 1879|attacked during a riot during a match in Sydney.
1885-The first government-approved Japanese in Hawaii|Japanese immigrants -arrived in Hawaii.
1887-The Dawes Act -authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native Americans in the United States|Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
1904- Battle of Port Arthur -A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Lushun|Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
1910-The Boy Scouts of America -is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
1915- D.W. Griffith -s controversial film ''The Birth of a Nation'' premieres in Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles.
1922- President of the United States|President -Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio in the White House.
1924- Capital punishment -The first state execution in the United States by gas chamber takes place in Nevada.
1942- World War II -Empire of Japan|Japan Battle of Singapore|invades Singapore.
1945-World War II: The United Kingdom -and Canada commence Operation Veritable to occupy the west bank of the Rhine.
1946-The first portion of the Revised Standard Version -of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the Authorized King James Version, is published.
1948-The formal creation of the Korean People's Army -of North Korea is announced.
1949- Cardinal Mindszenty -of Hungary is sentenced for treason.
1950-The Stasi -the secret police of East Germany, is established.
1952- Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom|Elizabeth II -is proclaimed Queen regnant|Queen of the United Kingdom.
1955-The Government of Sindh -Pakistan, abolishes the Feudalism in Pakistan|Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km2) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
1960-Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom -issues an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".
1960-The first eight brass star plaques are installed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame -
1962- Paris massacre of 1961#8 February 1962 Charonne massacre|Charonne massacre -Nine trade unionists are killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police.
1963-Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States -citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
1963-The First full Color Television program in the World, publicly advertised, is broadcast in Mexico City -by XHGC-TV, Channel 5, due to technical breakthrough advances made by Mexican Engineer Guillermo Gonzalez Camarena.
1963-The regime of Prime Minister of Iraq -Brigadier General Abdul-Karim Qassem is February 1963 Iraqi coup d'état|overthrown by the Ba'ath Party.
1965- Eastern Air Lines Flight 663 -crashes into the Atlantic Ocean and explodes, killing everyone aboard.
1968- American civil rights movement -The Orangeburg massacre: An attack on black students from South Carolina State University who are protesting racial segregation at the town's only bowling alley, leaves three or four dead in Orangeburg, South Carolina.
1969- Allende meteorite -falls near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua (state)|Chihuahua, Mexico.
1971-The NASDAQ -stock market index opens for the first time.
1971- ARVN|South Vietnamese ground troops -Operation Lam Son 719|launch an incursion into Laos to try to