Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
1504- Christopher Columbus -uses his knowledge of a lunar eclipse that night to convince Native Americans (Americas)|Native Americans to provide him with supplies.
1644- Abel Tasman -s second Pacific voyage began.
1704- Queen Anne's War -French forces and Native American (U.S.)|Native Americans stage a 1704 Raid on Deerfield|raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 56 villagers and taking more than 100 captive.
1712-February 29 is followed by February 30 -in Sweden, in a move to abolish the Swedish calendar for a return to the Julian calendar|Old style.
1720-Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden -abdicates in favour of her husband, who becomes King Frederick I of Sweden|Frederick I on 24 March.
1752-King Alaungpaya -founds Konbaung Dynasty, the last dynasty of Burmese monarchy.
1768-Polish nobles formed Bar Confederation -
1796-The Jay Treaty -between the United States and Great Britain comes into force, facilitating ten years of peaceful trade between the two nations.
1864- American Civil War -Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid fails
1892- St. Petersburg, Florida -is incorporated.
1916- Child labor -In South Carolina, the minimum working age for factory, mill, and mine workers is raised from twelve to fourteen years old.
1920- Czechoslovakia|Czechoslovak -National assembly adopted the Czechoslovak Constitution of 1920|Constitution.
1936- Baby Snooks -played by Fanny Brice, debuts on the radio program ''The Ziegfeld Follies of the Air''.
1936- February 26 Incident -in Tokyo ends.
1940-For her role as Mammy in '' Gone with the Wind (film)|Gone with the Wind -', Hattie McDaniel becomes the first African American to win an Academy Award.
1940-Finland initiates Winter War -peace negotiations.
1940-In a ceremony held in Berkeley, California -because of the World War II|war, physicist Ernest Lawrence receives the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics from Sweden's Consul General in San Francisco.
1944-World War II: The Admiralty Islands -are invaded in Operation Brewer led by American General Douglas MacArthur.
1952-The island of Heligoland -is restored to German authority.
1960-An earthquake in Morocco -kills over 3,000 people and nearly destroys Agadir in the southern part of the country.
1964-In Sydney, Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser -sets a new world record in the 100-meter freestyle swimming (sport)|swimming competition (58.9 seconds).
1972- Vietnam War -Vietnamization
1980- Gordie Howe -of the then Carolina Hurricanes|Hartford Whalers makes National Hockey League|NHL history as he scores his 800th goal.
1988-South African archbishop Desmond Tutu -is arrested along with 100 clergymen during a five-day anti-apartheid demonstration in Cape Town.
1988- Svend Robinson -becomes the first member of the Canadian House of Commons to coming out|come out as gay.
1992-First day of Bosnia and Herzegovina independence referendum, 1992|Bosnia and Herzegovina independence referendum -
1996- Faucett Flight 251 -crashes in the Andes, all 123 passengers and crew died.
2004- Jean-Bertrand Aristide -is removed as President of Haiti following a coup.
2012- Tokyo Skytree -construction completed. Now it is the List of tallest towers in the world|tallest tower in the world, 634 meters high, and second tallest (man-made) structure on Earth, next to Burj Khalifa.
1468- Pope Paul III -(d. 1549)
1692- John Byrom -English poet (d. 1763)
1724- Eva Marie Veigel -Austrian-English dancer (d. 1822)
1736- Ann Lee -American religious leader, founded the Shakers (d. 1784)
1792- Gioachino Rossini -Italian composer (d. 1868)
1812- James Milne Wilson -Scottish-Australian politician, 8th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1880)
1828- Emmeline B. Wells -American journalist, poet, and activist (d. 1921)
1836- Dickey Pearce -American baseball player and manager (d. 1908)
1840- John Philip Holland -Irish engineer, designed the ''HMS Holland 1'' (d. 1914)
1852- Frank Gavan Duffy -Australian judge, 4th Chief Justice of Australia (d. 1936)
1852- George Maximilianovich, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg -Russian son of Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1819–1876)|Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1912)
1860- Herman Hollerith -American statistician (d. 1929)
1884- Richard S. Aldrich -American politician (d. 1941)
1892- Ed Appleton -American baseball player (d. 1932)
1892- Augusta Savage -American sculptor (d. 1962)
1896- Morarji Desai -Indian politician, 4th Prime Minister of India (d. 1995)
1896- Roy Parker -American baseball player (d. 1954)
1896- William A. Wellman -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1975)
1904- Rukmini Devi Arundale -Indian dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
1904- Jimmy Dorsey -American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (The California Ramblers, The Dorsey Brothers, and The Charleston Chasers) (d. 1957)
1904- Pepper Martin -American baseball player and manager (d. 1965)
1908- Balthus -French-Polish painter (d. 2001)
1908- Dee Brown (writer)|Dee Brown -American historian and author (d. 2002)
1908- Alf Gover -English cricketer and coach (d. 2001)
1916- Dinah Shore -American singer and actress (d. 1994)
1920- Fyodor Abramov -Russian author and critic (d. 1983)
1920- Arthur Franz -American actor (d. 2006)
1920- James Mitchell (actor)|James Mitchell -American actor and dancer (d. 2010)
1920- Michèle Morgan -French-American actress and singer
1920- Howard Nemerov -American poet (d. 1991)
1920- Ivan Ivanovich Petrov -Russian opera singer (d. 2003)
1920- Rolland W. Redlin -American politician (d. 2011)
1924- David Beattie -New Zealand politician, 14th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 2001)
1924- Carlos Humberto Romero -Salvadoran politician, President of El Salvador
1924- Al Rosen -American baseball player
1928- Joss Ackland -English actor and singer
1928- Vance Haynes -American archaeologist, geologist, and author
1928- Terry Lewis (police officer)|Terry Lewis -Australian police officer
1928- Seymour Papert -South African mathematician and computer scientist, co-created the Logo (programming language)|Logo programming language
1928- Tempest Storm -American actress, singer, and dancer
1932- Jaguar (cartoonist)|Jaguar -Brazilian cartoonist
1932- Gene H. Golub -American mathematician and academic (d. 2007)
1932- Masten Gregory -American race car river (d. 1985)
1932- Reri Grist -American soprano
1936- Jack R. Lousma -American astronaut, engineer, and politician
1936- Henri Richard -Canadian ice hockey player
1936- Alex Rocco -American actor
1940- William H. Turner, Jr. -American horse trainer
1944- Ene Ergma -Estonian physicist and politician
1944- Dennis Farina -American police officer and actor (d. 2013)
1944- Nicholas Frayling -English priest and academic
1944- Phyllis Frelich -American actress (d. 2014)
1944- Leiki Loone -Estonian mathematician
1944- Steve Mingori -American baseball player (d. 2008)
1944- Paolo Eleuteri Serpieri -Italian author and illustrator
1948- Jirō Akagawa -Japanese author
1948- Gérard Darmon -French-Moroccan actor and singer
1948- Ken Foree -American actor and producer
1948- Hermione Lee -English academic
1948- Patricia A. McKillip -American author
1952- Al Autry -American baseball player
1952- Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush -American journalist
1952- Tim Powers -American author
1952- Raisa Smetanina -Russian skier
1952- Bart Stupak -American police officer and politician
1956- Jonathan Coleman (presenter)|Jonathan Coleman -Australian radio host
1956- Jerry Fry -American baseball player
1956- Bob Speller -Canadian politician, 30th Minister of Agriculture (Canada)|Canadian Minister of Agriculture
1956- J. Randy Taraborrelli -American journalist and author
1956- Aileen Wuornos -American serial killer (d. 2002)
1960- Khaled (musician)|Khaled -Algerian singer-songwriter
1960- Lucian Grainge -English businessman
1960- Bill Long (baseball)|Bill Long -American baseball player
1960- Richard Ramirez -American serial killer (d. 2013)
1960- Tony Robbins -American motivational speaker and author
1964- Dave Brailsford -English cyclist and coach
1964- Lyndon Byers -Canadian ice hockey player and radio host
1964- Mervyn Warren -American tenor, composer, and producer (Take 6)
1968- Suanne Braun -South African-English actress
1968- Chucky Brown -American basketball player and coach
1968- Pete Fenson -American curler
1968- Howard Tayler -American author and illustrator
1968- Bryce Paup -American football player and coach
1968- Wendi Peters -English actress
1968- Eugene Volokh -Ukrainian-American lawyer and educator
1968- Frank Woodley -Australian actor, producer, and screenwriter
1972- Iván García (athlete)|Iván García -Cuban sprinter
1972- Mike Pollitt -English footballer
1972- Antonio Sabàto, Jr. -Italian-American model and actor
1972- Dave Williams (musician)|Dave Williams -American singer-songwriter (Drowning Pool) (d. 2002)
1972- Saul Williams -American singer-songwriter and actor
1972- Pedro Zamora -Cuban-American television personality, cast member on ''The Real World: San Francisco'' (d. 1994)
1976- Zoë Baker -English-New Zealand swimmer
1976- Katalin Kovács -Hungarian canoe racer
1976- Terrence Long -American baseball player
1976- Ja Rule -American rapper and actor
1980- Chris Conley -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Saves the Day and Two Tongues)
1980- Patrick Côté (fighter)|Patrick Côté -Canadian mixed martial artist
1980- Simon Gagné -Canadian ice hockey player
1980- Michail Mouroutsos -Greek martial artist
1980- Rubén Plaza -Spanish cyclist
1980- Clinton Toopi -New Zealand rugby player
1980- Taylor Twellman -American soccer player
1984- Darren Ambrose -English footballer
1984- Cullen Jones -American swimmer
1984- Nuria Martínez -Spanish basketball player
1984- Adam Sinclair -Indian field hockey player
1984- Dennis Walger -German rugby player
1984- Cam Ward -Canadian ice hockey player
1988- Lena Gercke -German fashion model and television host
1988- Scott Golbourne -English footballer
1988- Benedikt Höwedes -German footballer
1988- Bobby Sanguinetti -American ice hockey player
1992- Sean Abbott -Australian cricketer
1992- Perry Kitchen -American soccer player
1992- Caitlin EJ Meyer -American actress
1992- Majesty Rose -American singer
1992- Saphir Taïder -French-Algerian footballer
1996- Claudia Williams -New Zealand tennis player
History of Deaths
992- Oswald of Worcester -French archbishop and saint (b. 925)
1212- Hōnen -Japanese monk (b. 1133)
1528- Patrick Hamilton (martyr)|Patrick Hamilton -Scottish martyr and reformer (b. 1504)
1592- Alessandro Striggio -Italian composer (b. 1540)
1600- Caspar Hennenberger -German pastor, historian, and cartographer (b. 1529)
1604- John Whitgift -English archbishop (b. 1530)
1740- Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal)|Pietro Ottoboni -Italian cardinal (b. 1667)
1744- John Theophilus Desaguliers -French-English physicist and philosopher (b. 1683)
1792- Johann Andreas Stein -German piano builder (b. 1728)
1820- Johann Joachim Eschenburg -German historian and critic (b. 1743)
1848- Louis-François, Baron Lejeune -French general and painter (b. 1775)
1868- Ludwig I of Bavaria -(b. 1786)
1880- James Milne Wilson -Scottish-Australian politician, 8th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1812)
1908- Pat Garrett -American sheriff (b. 1850)
1908- John Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow -Scottish-Australian politician, 1st Governor-General of Australia (b. 1860)
1920- Ernie Courtney -American baseball player (b. 1875)
1928- Adolphe Appia -Swiss architect and theorist (b. 1862)
1928- Ina Coolbrith -American poet (b. 1841)
1940- E. F. Benson -English archaeologist and author (b. 1867)
1944- Pehr Evind Svinhufvud -Finnish politician, 3rd President of Finland (b. 1861)
1948- Rebel Oakes -American baseball player and manager (b. 1883)
1952- Quo Tai-chi -Chinese diplomat (b. 1888)
1956- Elpidio Quirino -Filipino lawyer and politician, 6th President of the Philippines (b. 1890)
1960- Walter Yust -American journalist (b. 1894)
1960- Melvin Purvis -American police officer and FBI agent (b. 1903)
1964- Frank Albertson -American actor and singer (b. 1909)
1968- Lena Blackburne -American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1886)
1968- Tore Ørjasæter -Norwegian poet and educator (b. 1886)
1972- Tom Davies (American football)|Tom Davies -American football player and coach (b. 1896)
1976- Florence P. Dwyer -American politician (b. 1902)
1980- Yigal Allon -Israeli general and politician, Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1918)
1980- Gil Elvgren -American painter and illustrator (b. 1914)
1984- Ludwik Starski -Polish screenwriter and songwriter (b. 1903)
1988- Sidney Harmon -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1907)
1992- La Lupe -Cuban-American singer (b. 1939)
1992- Ruth Pitter -English poet (b. 1897)
1996- Wes Farrell -American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1939)
1996- Shams Pahlavi -Iranian daughter of Tadj ol-Molouk of Iran (b. 1917)
1996- Ralph Rowe -American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1924)
2000- Dennis Danell -American guitarist (Social Distortion) (b. 1961)
2000- Kayla Rolland -American murder victim (b. 1993)
2004- Kagamisato Kiyoji -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 42nd Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (b. 1923)
2004- Jerome Lawrence -American playwright and author (b. 1915)
2004- Toni Onley -Canadian painter (b. 1928)
2004- Harold Bernard St. John -Barbadian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Barbados (b. 1931)
2004- Lorrie Wilmot -South African cricketer (b. 1943)
2008- Janet Kagan -American author (b. 1946)
2008- Erik Ortvad -Danish painter and illustrator (b. 1917)
2012- Roland Bautista -American guitarist (Earth, Wind & Fire) (b. 1951)
2012- Ertjies Bezuidenhout -South African cyclist (b. 1955)
2012- Dennis Chinnery -English actor (b. 1927)
2012- Fukuzo Iwasaki -Japanese businessman (b. 1925)
2012- Davy Jones (musician)|Davy Jones -English singer, guitarist, and actor (The Monkees) (b. 1945)
2012- Karl Kodat -Austrian footballer (b. 1943)
2012- Sheldon Moldoff -American illustrator (b. 1920)
2012- Horacio Morales -Filipino economist and politician (b. 1943)
2012- Violet Wood -English super-centenarian (b. 1899)