This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: February-23

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

303- Roman Emperor -Diocletian orders the destruction of the Christianity|Christian church in Nicomedia, beginning eight years of Diocletianic Persecution.

532- List of Byzantine emperors|Byzantine Emperor -Justinian I orders the building of a new Eastern Orthodox Church|Orthodox Christian basilica in Constantinople

1455-Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible -the first Western culture|Western book printed with movable type.

1554- Mapuche -forces, under the leadership of Lautaro, score a victory over the Spanish Empire|Spanish at the Battle of Marihueñu in Chile.

1739-Richard Palmer is identified at York Castle -by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin.

1778- American Revolutionary War -Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben|Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.

1820- Cato Street Conspiracy -A plot to murder all the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British cabinet ministers is exposed.

1821- Alexander Ypsilantis (1792–1828)|Alexander Ypsilantis -starts the Greek War of Independence in Iași, Wallachia (now part of Romania).

1836- Texas Revolution -The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.

1847- Mexican–American War -Battle of Buena Vista

1854-The official independence -of the Orange Free State is declared.

1861- President of the United States|President-elect -Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged Baltimore Plot|assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.

1870- Reconstruction Era -Post-American Civil War|U.S. Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union (American Civil War)|Union.

1883- Alabama -becomes the first U.S. state to enact an Competition law|anti-trust law.

1885- Sino-French War -French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam.

1886- Charles Martin Hall -produced the first samples of man-made aluminum, after several years of intensive work. He was assisted in this project by his older sister Julia Brainerd Hall.

1887-The French Riviera -is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.

1896-The Tootsie Roll -is invented.

1898- Émile Zola -is imprisoned in France after writing "J'accuse (letter)|J'accuse", a letter accusing the Government of France|French government of antisemitism and wrongfully imprisoning Captain (OF-2)|Captain Alfred Dreyfus.

1900- Second Boer War -Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart's Hill.

1903- Cuba -leases Guantanamo Bay Naval Base|Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".

1905- Chicago -Illinois attorney Paul P. Harris|Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club.

1909-The AEA Silver Dart -makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.

1917-First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg -Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.

1918-Last monarch of Mecklenburg-Strelitz -commits suicide.

1927-U.S. President Calvin Coolidge -signs a bill by United States Congress|Congress establishing the Federal Radio Commission (later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission) which was to regulate the use of radio frequencies in the United States.

1927- Germans|German -theoretical physics|theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg writes a letter to fellow physicist Wolfgang Pauli, in which he describes his uncertainty principle for the first time.

1934- Leopold III of Belgium|Leopold III -becomes King of Belgium.

1941- Plutonium -is first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.

1942- World War II -Empire of Japan|Japanese submarines Bombardment of Ellwood|fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara, California|Santa Barbara.

1943-A fire breaks out at St. Joseph's Orphanage, County Cavan -Ireland, killing 36 people (35 of whom are children).

1943- Greek Resistance -The United Panhellenic Organization of Youth is founded is Greece.

1944-The Soviet Union -begins the Operation Lentil (Caucasus)|forced deportation of the Chechen people|Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia.

1945-World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima -a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima|photographed raising the American flag.

1945-World War II: The 11th Airborne Division -with Filipino people|Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños, Laguna|Los Baños internment camp.

1945-World War II: The capital of the Philippines -Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.

1945-World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznań -The city is liberated by Soviet Union|Soviet and Polish forces.

1945-World War II: The German town of Pforzheim -is Bombing of Pforzheim in World War II|annihilated in a raid by 379 British bombers.

1947-The International Organization for Standardization -(ISO) is founded.

1954-The first mass inoculation of children against Poliomyelitis|polio -with the Jonas Salk|Salk vaccine begins in Pittsburgh.

1955-First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization -(SEATO).

1958-Cuban rebels kidnap 5-time world F1 -champion Juan Manuel Fangio.

1966-In Syria -Ba'ath Party member Salah Jadid leads an intra-party military coup that replaces the previous government of General Amin Hafiz, also a Baathist.

1974-The Symbionese Liberation Army -demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst.

1980- Iran hostage crisis -Supreme Leader of Iran|Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.

1981-In Spain, Antonio Tejero -attempts 23-F|a coup d'état by capturing the Congress of Deputies (Spain)|Spanish Congress of Deputies.

1983-The United States Environmental Protection Agency -announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins|dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.

1987- Supernova 1987a -is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.

1991- Gulf War -Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the Gulf War#Ground campaign|ground phase of the war.

1991-In Thailand -General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d'état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan.

1998-In the United States, Kissimmee Tornado Outbreak|tornadoes in central Florida -destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42.

1999- Kurds|Kurdish -rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.

1999-An avalanche -destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.

2005-The controversial French law on colonialism -is passed, requiring teachers to teach the "positive values of colonialism". After public outcry, it is repealed at the beginning of 2006.

2007-A Grayrigg rail crash|train derails -on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents.

2008-A United States Air Force|U.S. Air Force -B-2 Spirit bomber Andersen Air Force Base B-2 accident|crashes on Guam. It is the first operational loss of a B-2.

2010-Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million liters of diesel oil -and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in Northern Italy, sparking an environmental disaster.

2012-A 23 February 2012 Iraq attacks|series of attacks -across Iraq leave at least 83 killed and more than 250 injured.

2014-The 2014 Winter Olympics closing ceremony|closing ceremony -of the 2014 Winter Olympics|Winter Olympics take place in Sochi, Russia.

Famous Birthdays

1417- Pope Paul II -(d. 1471)

1443- Matthias Corvinus -Hungarian king (d. 1490)

1583- Jean-Baptiste Morin (mathematician)|Jean-Baptiste Morin -French mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer (d. 1656)

1633- Samuel Pepys -English politician (d. 1703)

1646- Tokugawa Tsunayoshi -Japanese shogun (d. 1709)

1648- Arabella Churchill (royal mistress)|Arabella Churchill -English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)

1664- Georg Dietrich Leyding -German organist and composer (d. 1710)

1680- Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville -Canadian politician (d. 1767)

1685- George Frideric Handel -German-English composer (d. 1759)

1723- Richard Price -Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)

1729- Josiah Hornblower -English-American engineer and politician (d. 1809)

1744- Mayer Amschel Rothschild -German banker (d. 1812)

1752- Simon Knéfacz -Croatian monk and author (d. 1819)

1809- William Sprague (Michigan)|William Sprague -American minister and politician (d. 1868)

1840- Carl Menger -Austrian economist (d. 1921)

1840- Frederick Wicks -English author and inventor (d. 1910)

1842- Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann -German philosopher (d. 1906)

1850- César Ritz -Swiss businessman, founded The Ritz London Hotel and Hôtel Ritz Paris (d. 1918)

1852- Dục Đức -Vietnamese emperor (d. 1883)

1868- W. E. B. Du Bois -American sociologist, historian, and activist (d. 1963)

1868- Anna Hoffman-Uddgren -Swedish actress and director (d. 1947)

1873- Liang Qichao -Chinese scholar (d. 1929)

1874- Konstantin Päts -Estonian politician, 1st President of Estonia (d. 1956)

1877- Frederic L. Paxson -American historian (d. 1948)

1878- Kazimir Malevich -Ukrainian painter and theorist (d. 1935)

1882- Max Hainle -German swimmer (d. 1961)

1883- Karl Jaspers -German philosopher (d. 1969)

1886- Antonio Alice -Argentinian painter (d. 1943)

1889- János Garay -Jewish Hungarian 1928 Summer Olympics gold medalist in fencing, murdered at Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp (d. 1945)

1889- Musidora -French actress and director (d. 1957)

1889- Victor Fleming -American director, cinematographer, and producer (d. 1949)

1889- John Gilbert Winant -American politician, 60th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1947)

1889- Cyril Delevanti -English actor (d. 1975)

1891- Harold Horder -Australian rugby player (d. 1978)

1892- Kathleen Harrison -English actress (d. 1995)

1899- Erich Kästner -German author and poet (d. 1974)

1899- Norman Taurog -American director and screenwriter (d. 1981)

1901- Edgar Ende -German painter (d. 1965)

1904- Terence Fisher -English director and screenwriter (d. 1980)

1904- William L. Shirer -American journalist and historian (d. 1993)

1904- Leopold Trepper -Polish-Austrian spy (d. 1982)

1907- Lee Hyo-seok -South Korean author and poet (d. 1942)

1908- William McMahon -Australian politician, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1988)

1914- Theofiel Middelkamp -Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)

1915- Jon Hall (actor)|Jon Hall -American actor (d. 1979)

1915- Paul Tibbets -American general and pilot (d. 2007)

1918- Richard Girnt Butler -American engineer, founded the Aryan Nations (d. 2004)

1919- Derek Ezra, Baron Ezra -English politician

1919- William McLean Hamilton -Canadian politician (d. 1989)

1920- Paul Gérin-Lajoie -Canadian lawyer and politician

1923- Miljenko Smoje -Croatian journalist (d. 1995)

1923- Rafael Addiego Bruno -Uruguayan jurist and politician, President of Uruguay (d. 2014)

1923- Ioannis Grivas -Greek judge and politician, 176th Prime Minister of Greece

1923- Mary Francis Shura -American author (d. 1991)

1924- Allan McLeod Cormack -South-African-American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)

1924- Claude Sautet -French director and author (d. 2000)

1924- Lee Hu-rak -South Korean intelligence officer and politician (d. 2009)

1926- Merv Hunter -Australian politician (d. 2013)

1926- William R. Roy -American physician, journalist, and politician (d. 2014)

1927- Régine Crespin -French soprano (d. 2007)

1928- Hans Herrmann -German race car driver

1928- Vasily Lazarev -Russian colonel, physician, and astronaut (d. 1990)

1929- Jaan Einasto -Estonian astronomer and physicist

1929- Elston Howard -American baseball player and coach (d. 1980)

1929- Alexy II of Moscow -Estonian-Russian patriarch (d. 2008)

1931- Tom Wesselmann -American painter and sculptor (d. 2004)

1932- Majel Barrett -American actress and producer (d. 2008)

1933- Donna J. Stone -American poet (d. 1994)

1934- Linda Cristal -Argentine-American actress

1935- Gerrianne Raphael -American actress

1937- Tom Osborne -American football player, coach, and politician

1937- Christopher Tugendhat, Baron Tugendhat -English journalist, academic, and politician, Vice-President of the European Commission

1938- Paul Morrissey -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1938- Diane Varsi -American actress (d. 1992)

1940- Peter Fonda -American actor

1940- Jackie Smith -American football player

1941- Ron Hunt -American baseball player

1943- Fred Biletnikoff -American football player and coach

1943- Harry Pilling -English cricketer (d. 2012)

1944- Bernard Cornwell -English author

1944- John Sandford (novelist)|John Sandford -American author

1944- Johnny Winter -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2014)

1945- Allan Boesak -South African cleric and politician

1946- Rusty Young (musician)|Rusty Young -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Poco)

1947- Pia Kjærsgaard -Danish politician

1947- John McWethy -American journalist (d. 2008)

1947- Anton Mosimann -Swiss chef and author

1948- Bill Alexander (director)|Bill Alexander -English director and producer

1948- Doug Moench -American author

1948- Steve Priest -English singer-songwriter and bass player (Sweet (band)|Sweet)

1949- Marc Garneau -Canadian engineer, astronaut, and politician

1950- Maxi (singer)|Maxi -Irish singer, actor, and radio host

1951- Ed Jones (American football)|Ed Jones -American football player

1951- Patricia Richardson -American actress

1952- Brad Whitford -American guitarist (Aerosmith and The Joe Perry Project)

1953- Kenny Bee -Hong Kong singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (The Wynners)

1953- Satoru Nakajima -Japanese race car driver

1953- Walter Wick -American photographer and author

1954- Carlos Guirao -Spanish guitarist, keyboard player, and composer (Neuronium) (d. 2012)

1954- Rajini Thiranagama -Sri Lankan physician and academic (d. 1989)

1954- Viktor Yushchenko -Ukrainian politician, 3rd President of Ukraine

1955- Tom Bodett -American voice actor, radio host, and author

1955- Howard Jones (musician)|Howard Jones -English singer-songwriter

1955- Flip Saunders -American basketball player and coach

1955- Francesca Simon -American author

1956- Sandra Osborne -Scottish politician

1957- Ria Brieffies -Dutch singer (Dolly Dots) (d. 2009)

1957- Viktor Markin -Russian runner

1958- Patrick Marriott -English general

1958- David Sylvian -English singer-songwriter (Japan (band)|Japan and Nine Horses)

1959- Clayton Anderson -American engineer and astronaut

1959- Nick de Bois -English politician

1959- Richard Dodds -English field hockey player

1959- Ian Liddell-Grainger -Scottish soldier and politician

1959- Graeme Morrice -Scottish politician

1959- Linda Nolan -Irish singer and actress (The Nolans)

1959- Aris Pavlis -Greek musician

1960- Alan Griffin -Australian politician

1960- Crown Prince Naruhito -of Japan

1960- Ivan Vdović -Serbian drummer (Suncokret, Šarlo Akrobata, Supernaut (Serbian band)|Supernaut, and Ekatarina Velika) (d. 1992)

1962- Michael Wilton -American guitarist (Queensrÿche and Soulbender)

1962- Ahn Byeong-Keun -South Korean martial artist

1962- Louise Wilson -English designer and academic

1963- Bobby Bonilla -American baseball player

1963- Radosław Sikorski -Polish journalist and politician, 11th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland

1964- David E. Clemmer -American chemist

1964- Jeff Green (comedian)|Jeff Green -English comedian and author

1964- John Norum -Norwegian guitarist and songwriter (Europe (band)|Europe)

1965- Michael Dell -American businessman, founded Dell

1965- Sylvie Guillem -French ballet dancer

1965- Ashok Kamte -Indian police officer (d. 2008)

1965- Helena Suková -Czech tennis player

1966- Mark Abrahamian -American guitarist (Starship (band)|Starship) (d. 2012)

1967- Hélène Darroze -French chef

1967- Chris Vrenna -American drummer, songwriter, and producer (Nine Inch Nails, Tweaker (band)|Tweaker, Die Warzau, and Exotic Birds)

1968- Justin Bell -English race car driver

1969- Michael Campbell -New Zealand golfer

1969- Daymond John -American fashion designer, founded FUBU

1969- Marc Wauters -Belgian cyclist

1970- Marie-Josée Croze -Canadian actress

1970- Niecy Nash -American actress

1971- Jung Chan -South Korean actor

1971- Risto Kallaste -Estonian footballer

1971- Arvo Kraam -Estonian footballer

1971- Don Maxwell -Canadian cricketer

1971- Melinda Messenger -English model and television host

1971- Joe-Max Moore -American soccer player

1972- Steve Holy -American singer

1972- Alessandro Sturba -Italian footballer

1972- Rondell White -American baseball player

1973- Jason Boyd (baseball)|Jason Boyd -American baseball player

1973- Arnold Dwarika -Trinidadian footballer

1973- Tatyana Gracheva -Russian volleyball player

1973- Lars-Olof Johansson -Swedish guitarist (The Cardigans)

1973- Jeff Nordgaard -American-Polish basketball player

1973- Peng Weijun -Chinese footballer

1973- Brad Young -Australian cricketer

1974- Leko (DJ)|Leko -American DJ and producer

1974- Herschelle Gibbs -South African cricketer

1975- Michael Cornacchia -American actor

1975- Robert Lopez -American composer

1975- Maryse Turcotte -Canadian weightlifter

1975- Natalia Verbeke -Argentinian actress

1976- Scott Elarton -American baseball player

1976- Kelly Macdonald -Scottish actress

1976- Jeff O'Neill -Canadian ice hockey player

1976- Satoshi Yoneyama -Japanese wrestler

1976- Irina Zahharenkova -Estonian pianist

1977- Kristina Šmigun-Vähi -Estonian skier

1978- Residente -Puerto Rican singer-songwriter (Calle 13 (band)|Calle 13)

1978- Dan Snyder -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2003)

1979- Sascha Zacharias -Swedish actress

1979- S. E. Cupp -American journalist and author

1981- Gareth Barry -English footballer

1981- Mai Nakahara -Japanese voice actress

1981- Charles Tillman -American football player

1981- Dylan Ryder -American porn actress

1982- Anna-Maria Galojan -Estonian politician

1982- Karan Singh Grover -Indian actor

1982- Adam Hann-Byrd -American actor

1982- Malia Metella -French swimmer

1982- Nick Dupree -disability rights activist

1983- Mido (footballer)|Mido -Egyptian footballer

1983- Aziz Ansari -American comedian and actor

1983- Mirco Bergamasco -Italian rugby player

1983- Emily Blunt -English actress

1983- Courtney Culkin -American model

1986- Emerson da Conceição -Brazilian footballer

1986- Skylar Grey -American singer-songwriter

1986- Kazuya Kamenashi -Japanese singer-songwriter and actor (KAT-TUN and Shūji to Akira)

1986- Boipelo Makhothi -Lesotho swimmer

1986- Jerod Mayo -American football player

1986- Ola Svensson -Swedish singer-songwriter

1988- Nicolás Gaitán -Argentinian footballer

1989- Amara Baby -French footballer

1989- Evan Bates -American ice dancer

1990- Kevin Cheung (swimmer)|Kevin Cheung -Mauritian swimmer

1992- Casemiro -Brazilian footballer

1992- Kyriakos Papadopoulos -Greek footballer

1992- Samara Weaving -Australian actress and model

1993- Kasumi Ishikawa -Japanese table tennis player

1994- Dakota Fanning -American actress

1995- Andrew Wiggins -Canadian basketball player

History of Deaths

715- Al-Walid I -Muslim caliph (b. 668)

943- Herbert II, Count of Vermandois -(b. 884)

1011- Willigis -German archbishop (b. 940)

1100- Emperor Zhezong of Song -(b. 1076)

1270- Isabelle of France (saint)|Isabel of France -(b. 1225)

1447- Pope Eugene IV -(b. 1383)

1447- Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester -English politician (b. 1390)

1464- Zhengtong Emperor -of China (b. 1427)

1554- Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk -English politician (b. 1515)

1572- Pierre Certon -French composer (b. 1510)

1603- Andrea Cesalpino -Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)

1669- Lieuwe van Aitzema -Dutch historian and diplomat (b. 1600)

1704- Georg Muffat -French organist and composer (b. 1653)

1766- Stanisław Leszczyński -Polish king (b. 1677)

1781- George Taylor (delegate)|George Taylor -Irish-American politician (b. 1716)

1792- Joshua Reynolds -English painter (b. 1723)

1800- Joseph Warton -English academic and critic (b. 1722)

1821- John Keats -English poet (b. 1795)

1848- John Quincy Adams -American politician, 6th President of the United States (b. 1767)

1855- Carl Friedrich Gauss -German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (b. 1777)

1859- Zygmunt Krasiński -Polish poet (b. 1812)

1879- Albrecht von Roon -Prussian soldier and politician, 10th Minister-President of Prussia (b. 1803)

1897- Woldemar Bargiel -German composer (b. 1828)

1908- Friedrich von Esmarch -German surgeon and academic (b. 1823)

1918- Adolphus Frederick VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz -(b. 1882)

1922- Albert Victor Bäcklund -Swedish physicist (b. 1845)

1925- Samuel Berger (boxer)|Samuel Berger -American boxer (b. 1884)

1930- Horst Wessel -German Sturmabteilung|SA officer (b. 1907)

1931- Nellie Melba -Australian soprano (b. 1861)

1934- Edward Elgar -English composer and academic (b. 1857)

1944- Leo Baekeland -Belgian-American chemist (b. 1863)

1944- Oszkár Gerde -two-time Olympic gold medalist in fencing in 1908 Summer Olympics|1908 and 1912 Summer Olympics|1912, murdered at Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp (b. 1883)

1946- Tomoyuki Yamashita -Japanese general (b. 1885)

1948- John Robert Gregg -Irish-American publisher (b. 1866)

1955- Paul Claudel -French poet and playwright (b. 1868)

1957- Marika Ninou -Greek singer (b. 1918)

1960- Arthur Legat -Belgian race car driver (b. 1898)

1961- Davey Crockett (baseball)|Davey Crockett -American baseball player (b. 1875)

1965- Stan Laurel -English actor and director (b. 1890)

1969- Madhubala -Indian actress (b. 1933)

1970- Hirsch Jacobs -American horse trainer (b. 1904)

1973- Dickinson W. Richards -American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)

1974- Harry Ruby -American composer and screenwriter (b. 1895)

1975- Hans Bellmer -German artist (b. 1902)

1976- L. S. Lowry -English painter (b. 1887)

1979- W. A. C. Bennett -Canadian politician, 25th Premier of British Columbia (b. 1900)

1983- Herbert Howells -English organist and composer (b. 1892)

1984- Jessamyn West (writer)|Jessamyn West -American author (b. 1902)

1990- José Napoleón Duarte -Salvadoran politician, President of El Salvador (b. 1925)

1992- Markos Vafiadis -Greek politician (b. 1906)

1995- Melvin Franklin -American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1942)

1995- James Herriot -English veterinarian and author (b. 1916)

1996- William Bonin -American serial killer and sex offender (b. 1947)

1996- Paul Saagpakk -Estonian linguist and lexicographer (b. 1910)

1997- Tony Williams (drummer)|Tony Williams -American drummer, composer, and producer (The Tony Williams Lifetime) (b. 1945)

1999- Carlos Hathcock -American sniper (b. 1942)

1999- Rick Wilson (wrestler)|Rick Wilson -American wrestler (b. 1965)

2000- Ofra Haza -Israeli singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1957)

2000- Stanley Matthews -English footballer (b. 1915)

2001- Robert Enrico -French director and screenwriter (b. 1931)

2003- Howie Epstein -American bass player, songwriter, and producer (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) (b. 1955)

2003- Robert K. Merton -American sociologist (b. 1910)

2003- Titos Vandis -Greek actor (b. 1917)

2004- Vijay Anand (Hindi film maker)|Vijay Anand -Indian director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1934)

2004- Carl Anderson (singer)|Carl Anderson -American singer and actor (b. 1945)

2004- Neil Ardley -English pianist and composer (b. 1937)

2004- Sikander Bakht -Indian politician (b. 1918)

2004- Don Cornell -American singer (b. 1919)

2004- Carl Liscombe -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1915)

2006- Benno Besson -Swiss actor and director (b. 1922)

2006- Telmo Zarraonaindía -Spanish footballer (b. 1921)

2007- Donnie Brooks -American singer (b. 1936)

2007- John Ritchie (footballer born 1941)|John Ritchie -English footballer (b. 1941)

2008- Janez Drnovšek -Slovenian politician, 2nd President of Slovenia (b. 1950)

2008- Douglas Fraser -Scottish-American union leader (b. 1916)

2008- Paul Frère -Belgian race car driver and journalist (b. 1917)

2008- Denis Lazure -Canadian politician (b. 1925)

2010- Orlando Zapata -Cuban plumber and activist (b. 1967)

2011- Nirmala Srivastava -Indian religious leader, founded Sahaja Yoga (b. 1923)

2012- William Gay (author)|William Gay -American author (b. 1941)

2012- Peter King (footballer born 1964)|Peter King -English footballer (b. 1964)

2012- William Raggio -American lawyer and politician (b. 1926)

2012- David Sayre -American physicist and mathematician (b. 1924)

2012- Bruce Surtees -American cinematographer (b. 1937)

2012- Kazimierz Żygulski -Polish sociologist and activist (b. 1919)

2013- Benedict Ashley -American theologian and philosopher (b. 1915)

2013- Eugene Bookhammer -American soldier and politician, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware (b. 1918)

2013- Joan Child -Australian politician, 19th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives (b. 1921)

2013- Mary Ann McMorrow -American judge (b. 1930)

2013- Julien Ries -Belgian cardinal (b. 1920)

2013- Sonny Russo -American trombonist (b. 1929)

2013- Lotika Sarkar -Indian lawyer and academic (b. 1945)

2013- Richard Worsley -English general (b. 1923)

2014- K. Alison Clarke-Stewart -Canadian psychologist and academic (b. 1943)

2014- Ely Capacio -Filipino basketball player and coach (b. 1955)

2014- Penny DeHaven -American singer and actress (b. 1948)

2014- Alice Herz-Sommer -Czech-English pianist and educator (b. 1903)

2014- Roger Hilsman -American soldier, academic, and politician (b. 1919)

2014- Samuel Sheinbein -American-Israeli murderer (b. 1980)

2014- Norman Whiting -English cricketer (b. 1920)