This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: February-18

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

1229-The Sixth Crusade -Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.

1268-The Livonian Brothers of the Sword -are defeated by Daumantas of Pskov|Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Wesenberg (1268)|Battle of Rakvere.

1332- Amda Seyon I of Ethiopia|Amda Seyon I -Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.

1478- George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence|George, Duke of Clarence -convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is execution (legal)|executed in private at the Tower of London.

1637- Eighty Years' War -Off the coast of Cornwall, England, a Spanish Empire|Spanish fleet Battle off Lizard Point|intercepts an important Kingdom of England|Anglo-Dutch Republic|Dutch merchant convoy of 44 vessels escorted by 6 warships, destroying or capturing 20 of them.

1745-The city of Surakarta -Central Java is founded on the banks of Solo River, Java|Bengawan Solo River, and becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta.

1781- Fourth Anglo-Dutch War -Captain Thomas Shirley (Royal Navy officer)|Thomas Shirley Shirley's Gold Coast expedition|opens his expedition against Dutch Gold Coast|Dutch colonial outposts on the Gold Coast of Africa (present-day Ghana).

1797- French Revolutionary Wars -Sir Ralph Abercromby and a fleet of 18 Kingdom of Great Britain|British warships Invasion of Trinidad (1797)|invade Trinidad.

1814- Napoleonic Wars -The Battle of Montereau.

1861-In Montgomery, Alabama -Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.

1861-With Italian unification -almost complete, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy|Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.

1865- American Civil War -Union Army|Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the Columbia, South Carolina, in the Civil War|burning of Columbia.

1873- Bulgaria -revolutionary leader Vasil Levski is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman authorities.

1878- John Tunstall -is murdered by outlaw Jesse Evans (outlaw)|Jesse Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.

1885- The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn -by Mark Twain is published in the United States.

1900- Second Boer War -Imperial forces suffer their worst single-day loss of life on Bloody Sunday (1900)|Bloody Sunday, the first day of the Battle of Paardeberg.

1906- Edouard de Laveleye -forms the Belgian Olympic Committee in Brussels.

1911-The first official flight with air mail -takes place from Allahabad, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh|United Provinces, British India (now India), when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about {{Convert|10|km|mi}} away.

1913- Pedro Lascuráin -becomes President of Mexico for 45 minutes; this is the shortest term to date of any person as president of any country.

1930-While studying photographs taken in January -Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.

1930- Elm Farm Ollie -becomes the first cattle|cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.

1932-The Empire of Japan -declares Manzhouguo (the obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China.

1938-During the Nanking Massacre -tha Nanking Safety Zone International Committee is renamed "Nanking International Rescue Committee" and the safety zone in place for refugees falls apart.

1942- World War II -The Imperial Japanese Army begins the Sook Ching massacre|systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore.

1943-The Nazism|Nazis -arrest the members of the White Rose movement.

1943- Joseph Goebbels -delivers his Sportpalast speech|''Sportpalast'' speech.

1946-Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy -Royal Indian Navy Mutiny|mutiny in Mumbai|Bombay harbour, from where the action spreads throughout the Presidencies and provinces of British India|Provinces of British India, involving 78 ships, twenty shore establishments and 20,000 sailors

1947- First Indochina War -The French Battle of Hanoi|gain complete control of Hanoi after forcing the Viet Minh to withdraw to mountains.

1954-The first Church of Scientology -is established in Los Angeles, California.

1955- Operation Teapot -Teapot test shot "Wasp" is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of Effects of nuclear explosions#Summary of the effects|1.2 kilotons. Wasp is the first of fourteen shots in the Teapot series.

1957- Kenya -rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is executed by the British colonial government.

1957- Walter James Bolton -becomes the last person Capital punishment in New Zealand|legally executed in New Zealand.

1965- The Gambia -becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

1969- Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 -crashes into Mount Whitney killing all on board.

1970-The Chicago Seven -are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

1972-The California Supreme Court -in the case of ''People v. Anderson'', (6 Cal.3d 628) invalidates the state's Capital punishment|death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life imprisonment.

1977-The Space Shuttle Enterprise|Space Shuttle ''Enterprise'' -test vehicle is carried on its maiden "flight" on top of a Boeing 747.

1978-The first Ironman Triathlon -competition takes place on the island of Oahu and is won by Gordon Haller.

1979- Snowfall|Snow -falls in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria for the only time in recorded history.

1983-Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee massacre -in Seattle, Washington. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.

1991-The Provisional Irish Republican Army|IRA -explodes bombs in the early morning at Paddington station and Victoria station (London)|Victoria station in London.

2001- Federal Bureau of Investigation|FBI -agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He is ultimately convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment.

2001-Seven-time NASCAR -Sprint Cup Series champion Dale Earnhardt Death of Dale Earnhardt|dies in an accident during the Daytona 500.

2001- Sampit conflict|Inter-ethnic violence -between Dayak people|Dayaks and Madura Island|Madurese breaks out in Sampit, Indonesia, that will ultimately result in more than 500 deaths and 100,000 Madurese displaced from their homes.

2003-Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire -in South Korea.

2004-Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur -in Iran when a runaway freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertilizer Nishapur train disaster|catches fire and explodes.

2007-Terrorist bombs 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings|explode -on the Samjhauta Express in Panipat, Haryana, India, killing 68 people.

2014-At least 76 people are killed and hundreds are injured in February 2014 Euromaidan riots|clashes -between riot police and demonstrators in Kiev, Ukraine.

Famous Birthdays

1372- Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani -Egyptian jurist and scholar (d. 1448)

1404- Leon Battista Alberti -Italian painter and philosopher (d. 1472)

1486- Chaitanya Mahaprabhu -Indian saint (d. 1534)

1516- Mary I of England -(d. 1558)

1530- Uesugi Kenshin -Japanese daimyo (d. 1578)

1543- Charles III, Duke of Lorraine -(d. 1608)

1559- Isaac Casaubon -Swiss philologist and scholar (d. 1614)

1602- Per Brahe the Younger -Swedish soldier and politician, Governor-General of Finland (d. 1680)

1609- Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon -English historian and politician (d. 1674)

1632- Giovanni Battista Vitali -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1692)

1635- Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna -Swedish politician (d. 1680)

1642- Marie Champmeslé -French actress (d. 1698)

1658- Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre -French philosopher and author (d. 1743)

1677- Jacques Cassini -French astronomer (d. 1756)

1732- Johann Christian Kittel -German organist and composer (d. 1809)

1745- Alessandro Volta -Italian physicist, invented the Battery (electricity)|battery (d. 1827)

1814- Samuel Fenton Cary -American lawyer and politician (d. 1900)

1817- Lewis Armistead -American general (d. 1863)

1818- Perucho Figueredo -Cuban poet and activist (d. 1870)

1836- Ramakrishna -Indian mystic and guru (d. 1886)

1838- Ernst Mach -Austrian physicist (d. 1916)

1841- Gergely Luthár -Slovenian-Hungarian author (d. 1925)

1846- Wilson Barrett -English playwright (d. 1904)

1848- Louis Comfort Tiffany -American stained glass artist (d. 1933)

1849- Alexander Kielland -Norwegian author (d. 1906)

1850- George Henschel -German-English opera singer, conductor, and composer (d. 1934)

1855- Jean Jules Jusserand -French author and diplomat (d. 1932)

1858- Wilhelm Schmidt (engineer)|Wilhelm Schmidt -German engineer (d. 1924)

1862- Charles M. Schwab -American businessman, co-founded Bethlehem Steel (d. 1939)

1870- William Laurel Harris -American painter and author (d. 1924)

1871- Harry Brearley -English metallurgist (d. 1948)

1878- Harriet Bosse -Swedish–Norwegian actress (d. 1961)

1883- Nikos Kazantzakis -Greek author (d. 1957)

1884- Andrew Watson Myles -Canadian politician (d. 1970)

1890- Edward Arnold (actor)|Edward Arnold -American actor (d. 1956)

1890- Adolphe Menjou -American actor (d. 1963)

1892- Wendell Willkie -American lawyer and politician (d. 1944)

1894- Rafi Ahmed Kidwai -Indian politician (d. 1954)

1897- Charles Kuentz -German-French soldier (d. 2005)

1898- Enzo Ferrari -Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari (d. 1988)

1898- Luis Muñoz Marín -Puerto Rican poet and politician, 1st Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (d. 1980)

1899- Arthur Bryant -English historian and journalist (d. 1985)

1901- Reginald Sheffield -English-American actor (d. 1957)

1902- Walter Herbert (conductor)|Walter Herbert -German-American conductor (d. 1975)

1903- Nikolai Podgorny -Ukrainian politician (d. 1983)

1905- Queenie Leonard -English-American actress and singer (d. 2002)

1906- Hans Asperger -Austrian pediatrician (d. 1980)

1907- Oscar Brodney -American lawyer and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1909- C. Arulampalam -Sri Lankan politician

1909- Tuppy Owen-Smith -South African-English cricketer and rugby player (d. 1990)

1909- Wallace Stegner -American historian and author (d. 1993)

1914- Pee Wee King -American singer-songwriter (d. 2000)

1915- Phyllis Calvert -English actress (d. 2002)

1916- Jean Drapeau -Canadian lawyer and politician, 37th Mayor of Montreal (d. 1999)

1917- José Curbelo -Cuban-American pianist and manager (d. 2012)

1917- Dona Massin -Canadian actress and choreographer (d. 2001)

1918- Jane Loevinger -American psychologist (d. 2008)

1919- Jack Palance -American actor (d. 2006)

1920- Bill Cullen -American game show host (d. 1990)

1921- Oscar Feltsman -Ukrainian-Russian composer (d. 2013)

1922- Eric Gairy -Grenadan politician, 1st Prime Minister of Grenada (d. 1997)

1922- Helen Gurley Brown -American author and publisher (d. 2012)

1922- Allan Melvin -American actor (d. 2008)

1922- Juhan Smuul -Estonian author, poet, and screenwriter (d. 1971)

1922- Joe Tipton -American baseball player (d. 1994)

1922- Connie Wisniewski -American baseball player (d. 1995)

1924- Humberto Fernández Morán -Venezuelan scientist and academic (d. 1999)

1924- Louis Laberge -Canadian union leader (d. 2002)

1924- Nicolo Rizzuto -Italian-Canadian mob boss (d. 2010)

1924- Sam Rolfe -American screenwriter and producer (d. 1993)

1925- Marcel Barbeau -Canadian painter and sculptor

1925- Jack Gilbert -American poet (d. 2012)

1925- George Kennedy -American actor

1926- A. R. Ammons -American poet (d. 2001)

1926- Wallace Berman -American painter and illustrator (d. 1976)

1926- Nalini Jaywant -Indian actress (d. 2010)

1926- Jan Zwartkruis -Dutch footballer and manager (d. 2013)

1927- Luis Arroyo -Puerto Rican baseball player

1927- Peter Fryer -English journalist and author (d. 2006)

1927- John Warner -American politician, 61st United States Secretary of the Navy

1928- Tom Johnson (ice hockey)|Tom Johnson -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)

1929- Len Deighton -English historian and author

1929- André Mathieu -Canadian pianist and composer (d. 1968)

1930- Gahan Wilson -American author and illustrator

1931- Johnny Hart -American cartoonist (d. 2007)

1931- Toni Morrison -American author, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate

1931- Swraj Paul, Baron Paul -Indian-English businessman, philanthropist, and politician

1931- Bob St. Clair -American football player

1932- Miloš Forman -Czech-American director and screenwriter

1933- Gerhard Frey (politician)|Gerhard Frey -German publisher and politician (d. 2013)

1933- Yoko Ono -Japanese-American singer-songwriter (Plastic Ono Band)

1933- Bobby Robson -English footballer and manager (d. 2009)

1933- Mary Ure -Scottish actress (d. 1975)

1934- Audre Lorde -American poet and activist (d. 1992)

1934- Heini Müller (footballer, born 1934)|Heini Müller -German footballer

1934- Paco Rabanne -Spanish-French fashion designer

1935- Janette Oke -Canadian author

1936- Jean M. Auel -American author

1936- Dick Duff -Canadian ice hockey player

1936- Ab McDonald -Canadian ice hockey player

1937- Ulvi Voog -Estonian swimmer

1938- Manny Mota -Dominican baseball player

1938- Sadanoyama Shinmatsu -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 50th Yokozuna

1938- István Szabó -Hungarian director and screenwriter

1939- Claude Ake -Nigerian political scientist (d. 1996)

1939- Marek Janowski -Polish-German conductor

1939- Dal Maxvill -American baseball player

1940- Fabrizio De André -Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)

1940- Prue Leith -South African-English chef and author

1941- Mati Nuude -Estonian weightlifter and singer (Apelsin) (d. 2001)

1941- Herman Santiago -Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter (The Teenagers)

1941- Irma Thomas -American singer-songwriter

1942- John Hughes (footballer born 1942)|John Hughes -Welsh footballer

1943- Graeme Garden -Scottish comedian, actor, and author

1944- Pat Bowlen -American businessman

1945- Judy Rankin -American golfer

1946- Michael Buerk -English journalist

1946- Jean-Claude Dreyfus -French actor

1947- José Maria Cañizares -Spanish golfer

1947- Dennis DeYoung -American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (Styx (band)|Styx)

1947- Eliot Engel -American educator and politician

1947- Carlos Lopes -Portuguese runner

1948- Georg Brunnhuber -German politician

1948- Sinéad Cusack -Irish-English actress

1948- Keith Knudsen -American singer-songwriter and drummer (The Doobie Brothers and Southern Pacific (band)|Southern Pacific) (d. 2005)

1948- Gilbert Sicotte -Canadian actor

1948- Geoff Thomas (footballer born 1948)|Geoff Thomas -Welsh footballer (d. 2013)

1949- Gary Ridgway -American serial killer

1950- Michel Gauthier -Canadian politician

1950- John Hughes (filmmaker)|John Hughes -American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2009)

1950- Cybill Shepherd -American actress and singer

1951- Isabel Preysler -Filipino-Spanish journalist

1952- Randy Crawford -American singer

1952- Maurice Lucas -American basketball player (d. 2010)

1952- Juice Newton -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1952- Martin J. Taylor -English mathematician and academic

1952- Bernard Valcourt -Canadian lawyer and politician

1953- Robbie Bachman -Canadian drummer (Brave Belt and Bachman–Turner Overdrive)

1953- Mihkel Mutt -Estonian journalist and author

1953- Derek Pellicci -Australian drummer (Little River Band and Mississippi (band)|Mississippi)

1954- Charlie Fowler -American mountaineer, author, and photographer (d. 2006)

1954- John Travolta -American actor, singer, and producer

1955- Peter Luff -English politician

1955- Raymond Rougeau -Canadian wrestler and sportscaster

1955- Miles Tredinnick -English singer-songwriter and playwright (London (punk band)|London)

1956- Ted Gärdestad -Swedish singer-songwriter (d. 1997)

1956- Bidzina Ivanishvili -Georgian politician, 10th Prime Minister of Georgia

1956- Paul Reed Smith -American businessman, founded PRS Guitars

1957- Marita Koch -German sprinter

1957- George Pelecanos -American author

1957- Vanna White -American actress and game show host

1958- Giovanni Lavaggi -Italian race car driver

1958- Gar Samuelson -American drummer (Megadeth) (d. 1999)

1958- Lucie Visser -Dutch actress and model

1959- Jayne Atkinson -English actresses

1959- Bryan Brandenburg -French-American game designer and author

1959- Ken Freedman -American radio host

1959- Hallgrímur Helgason -Icelandic painter and author

1959- Christian Koeberl -Austrian geologist and academic

1959- James Metzger -American businessman and philanthropist

1960- Tony Anselmo -American animator and voice actor

1960- Carol McGiffin -English radio and television host

1960- Andy Moog -Canadian ice hockey player

1960- Greta Scacchi -Italian-Australian actress

1961- Hironobu Kageyama -Japanese singer (Lazy (band)|Lazy and JAM Project)

1961- Alison Owen -English film producer

1961- Douglas Rushkoff -American theorist and author

1961- Cosmo Wilson -American lighting designer

1962- Moe Lemay -Canadian ice hockey player

1962- Julie Strain -American actress and model

1963- Rob Andrew -English rugby player and cricketer

1963- Henry Winter -English journalist

1964- Matt Dillon -American actor and director

1964- Paul Hanley (musician)|Paul Hanley -English drummer and songwriter (The Fall (band)|The Fall and Tom Hingley and the Lovers)

1965- Dr. Dre -American rapper, producer, and actor (World Class Wreckin' Cru and N.W.A)

1965- Gregory Scott Johnson -American murderer (d. 2005)

1966- Phillip DeFreitas -Dominican-English cricketer

1966- Guy Ferland -American director and producer

1967- Marco Aurélio Cunha dos Santos -Brazilian footballer

1967- Roberto Baggio -Italian footballer

1967- Tracey Edmonds -American businesswoman

1967- Colin Jackson -Welsh sprinter and hurdler

1967- Yongyoot Thongkongtoon -Thai director, producer, and screenwriter

1967- John Valentin -American baseball player

1967- Harry Van Barneveld -Belgian martial artist

1968- Molly Ringwald -American actress, singer, and dancer

1969- Tomaž Humar -Slovenian mountaineer (d. 2009)

1969- Alexander Mogilny -Russian ice hockey player

1970- Susan Egan -American actress and singer

1970- James H. Fowler|James Fowler -American social scientist

1970- Raine Maida -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Our Lady Peace)

1970- Andy Williams (Doves)|Andy Williams -English singer-songwriter and drummer (Doves (band)|Doves and Sub Sub)

1970- Jez Williams -English guitarist and songwriter (Doves (band)|Doves and Sub Sub)

1971- Merritt Gant -American guitarist (Overkill (band)|Overkill)

1971- Constantin Popa -Romanian-Israeli basketball player

1972- Rupert Goold -English director

1973- Shawn Estes -American baseball player

1973- Claude Makélélé -French footballer

1974- Carrie Ann Baade -American painter

1974- Jamey Carroll -American baseball player

1974- Radek Černý -Czech footballer

1974- Ruby Dhalla -Canadian politician

1974- Julia Butterfly Hill -American environmentalist

1974- Yevgeny Kafelnikov -Russian tennis player

1974- Jillian Michaels (personal trainer)|Jillian Michaels -American fitness trainer

1975- Sarah Brown (actress)|Sarah Brown -American actress

1975- Keith Gillespie -Irish footballer

1975- Simon Kvamm -Danish singer, keyboard player, and actor (Nephew (band)|Nephew)

1975- Charly Manson -Mexican wrestler

1975- Gary Neville -English footballer

1976- Leilani Munter -American race car driver

1976- Chanda Rubin -American tennis player

1976- Bernadette Sembrano -Filipino journalist

1977- Kátia -Brazilian footballer

1977- Ike Barinholtz -American actor

1977- Sean Watkins -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Nickel Creek, Fiction Family and Works Progress Administration (musical group)|Works Progress Administration)

1977- Chrissie Wellington -English triathlete

1978- Oliver Pocher -German comedian and actor

1978- Josip Šimunić -Croatian footballer

1980- Aivar Anniste -Estonian footballer

1980- Nik Antropov -Kazakhstani-Canadian ice hockey player

1980- Regina Spektor -Russian-American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer

1981- Kim Jaewon -South Korean actor

1981- Andrei Kirilenko -Russian basketball player

1981- Alex Ríos -American baseball player

1981- Ivan Sproule -Irish footballer

1982- Courtney Act -Australian drag queen performer and singer

1982- Kaspars Cipruss -Latvian basketball player

1982- Juelz Santana -American rapper and actor (Skull Gang and The Diplomats)

1982- Christian Tiffert -German footballer

1983- Troy Bienemann -American football player

1983- Joel Huiqui -Mexican footballer

1983- Jermaine Jenas -English footballer

1983- Jason Maxiell -American basketball player

1984- Idriss Carlos Kameni -Cameroonian footballer

1984- Ricardo Salampessy -Indonesian footballer

1984- Kathrin Wörle -German tennis player

1985- Anton Ferdinand -English footballer

1985- Chelsea Hobbs -Canadian actress

1985- Todd Lasance -Australian actor

1985- Lee Boyd Malvo -Jamaican-American murderer

1986- Crystallia -Greek singer and musician

1986- Vika Jigulina -Moldavian-Romanian singer

1986- T.J. Mack -American wrestler

1986- Marc Torrejón -Spanish footballer

1987- Skin Diamond -American porn actress and model

1987- Vicente Guaita -Spanish footballer

1988- Changmin -South Korean singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (TVXQ)

1988- The Blossom Twins|Hannah Blossom -English wrestler

1988- The Blossom Twins|Holly Blossom -English wrestler

1988- Shane Lyons -American actor and chef

1988- Maiara Walsh -American actress

1989- Bruno Leonardo Vicente -Brazilian footballer

1990- Didi Gregorius -Dutch baseball player

1990- Cody Hodgson -Canadian ice hockey player

1990- Park Shin-hye -South Korean actress and singer

1990- Kang So-ra -South Korean actress

1991- Malese Jow -American actress and singer

1991- Marek Kaljumäe -Estonian footballer

1991- Sebastian Neumann -German footballer

1991- Henry Surtees -English race car driver (d. 2009)

1992- Logan Miller -American actor

1993- Unbridled's Song -American race horse (d. 2013)

1994- Ulrik Munther -Swedish singer-songwriter

1995- Samantha Crawford -American tennis player

History of Deaths

814- Angilbert -Frankish monk and diplomat (b. 760)

901- Thābit ibn Qurra -Iraqi physician, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 826)

999- Pope Gregory V -(b. 972)

1139- Yaropolk II of Kiev -(b. 1082)

1294- Kublai Khan -Mongolian emperor (b. 1215)

1379- Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg -(b. 1318)

1405- Timur -Mongol ruler (b. 1336)

1455- Fra Angelico -Italian painter (b. 1395)

1478- George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence -(b. 1449)

1535- Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa -German magician, astrologer, and theologian (b. 1486)

1546- Martin Luther -German monk and priest, leader of the Protestant Reformation (b. 1483)

1564- Michelangelo -Italian sculptor and painter (b. 1475)

1583- Antonio Francesco Grazzini -Italian author (b. 1503)

1654- Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac -French author (b. 1594)

1683- Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem -Dutch painter (b. 1620)

1712- Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy -(b. 1682)

1718- Peter Anthony Motteux -French-English author and playwright (b. 1663)

1743- Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici -French daughter of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1667)

1748- Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun -Austrian field marshal (b. 1677)

1772- Count Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff -Danish politician (b. 1712)

1778- Joseph Marie Terray -French politician (b. 1715)

1780- Kristijonas Donelaitis -Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)

1788- John Whitehurst -English geologist (b. 1713)

1803- Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim -German poet (b. 1719)

1842- Thomas Hazlehurst (businessman)|Thomas Hazlehurst -English businessman, founded Hazlehurst & Sons (b. 1779)

1851- Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi -German mathematician (b. 1804)

1873- Vasil Levski -Bulgarian activist, founded the Internal Revolutionary Organization (b. 1837)

1889- Jerónimo Espejo -Argentinian general (b. 1801)

1893- Serranus Clinton Hastings -American lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Justice of California (b. 1814)

1895- Carl Abs -German wrestler (b. 1851)

1895- Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen -(b. 1817)

1900- Clinton L. Merriam -American politician (b. 1824)

1902- Charles Lewis Tiffany -American businessman, founded Tiffany & Co. (b. 1812)

1906- John Batterson Stetson -American businessman, founded the John B. Stetson Company (b. 1830)

1910- Lucy Stanton (abolitionist)|Lucy Stanton -American abolitionist (b. 1831)

1911- Billy Murdoch -Australian cricketer (b. 1854)

1923- Alois Rašín -Czech economist and politician (b. 1867)

1931- Milan Šufflay -Croatian historian, author, and politician (b. 1879)

1933- James J. Corbett -American boxer (b. 1866)

1938- David King Udall -American politician (b. 1851)

1942- Albert Payson Terhune -American author (b. 1872)

1945- Ivan Chernyakhovsky -Russian general (b. 1906)

1956- Gustave Charpentier -French composer (b. 1860)

1957- Dedan Kimathi -Kenyan rebel leader (b. 1920)

1957- Henry Norris Russell -American astronomer (b. 1877)

1964- Joseph-Armand Bombardier -Canadian inventor and businessman, founded Bombardier Inc. (b. 1907)

1966- Robert Rossen -American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1908)

1967- Dragiša Cvetković -Yugoslav politician, 17th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1893)

1967- J. Robert Oppenheimer -American physicist (b. 1904)

1971- David M. Potter -American historian (b. 1910)

1973- Frank Costello -Italian-American mob boss (b. 1891)

1976- Wallace Berman -American painter and illustrator (b. 1926)

1977- Andy Devine -American actor (b. 1905)

1978- Maggie McNamara -American actress (b. 1928)

1981- Jack Northrop -American engineer and businessman, founded the Northrop Corporation (b. 1895)

1982- Ngaio Marsh -New Zealand author (b. 1895)

1989- Mildred Burke -American wrestler (b. 1915)

1990- Richard de Zoysa -Sri Lankan journalist (b. 1958)

1993- Jacqueline Hill -English actress (b. 1929)

1993- Erwin Thiesies -German rugby player and coach (b. 1908)

1993- Kerry Von Erich -American wrestler (b. 1960)

1995- Eddie Gilbert (wrestler)|Eddie Gilbert -American wrestler (b. 1961)

1995- Bob Stinson -American guitarist (The Replacements (band)|The Replacements and Static Taxi) (b. 1959)

1997- Emily Hahn -American journalist and author (b. 1905)

1998- Harry Caray -American sportscaster (b. 1914)

1998- Robbie James -Welsh footballer (b. 1957)

1999- Noam Pitlik -American actor and director (b. 1932)

2000- Will (comics)|Will -Belgian author and illustrator (b. 1927)

2001- Balthus -French painter (b. 1908)

2001- Dale Earnhardt -American race car driver (b. 1951)

2001- Eddie Mathews -American baseball player (b. 1931)

2003- Isser Harel -Belarusian-Israeli intelligence officer (b. 1912)

2004- Jean Rouch -French anthropologist and director (b. 1917)

2006- Richard Bright (actor)|Richard Bright -American actor (b. 1937)

2006- Bill Cowsill -American singer and guitarist (The Cowsills) (b. 1948)

2008- Dick Knowles -English politician (b. 1917)

2008- Mihaela Mitrache -Romanian actress (b. 1955)

2008- Mickey Renaud -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1988)

2008- Alain Robbe-Grillet -French author and director (b. 1922)

2009- Eleanor Jorden -American scholar and educator (b. 1920)

2009- Tayeb Salih -Sudanese author and journalist (b. 1929)

2009- Miika Tenkula -Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Sentenced (band)|Sentenced) (b. 1974)

2010- John Babcock -Canadian soldier (b. 1900)

2011- Victor Martinez (author)|Victor Martinez -American poet and author (b. 1954)

2012- Roald Aas -Norwegian speed skater and cyclist (b. 1928)

2012- George Brizan -Grenadian politician, 9th Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1942)

2012- Elizabeth Connell -South African-English soprano (b. 1946)

2012- Peter Halliday -Welsh-English actor (b. 1924)

2012- Matt Lamb -American painter (b. 1932)

2012- Roger Miner -American judge (b. 1934)

2012- Cal Murphy -Canadian football player, coach, and manager (b. 1932)

2013- Kevin Ayers -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Soft Machine and The Wilde Flowers) (b. 1944)

2013- Otto Beisheim -German businessman, founded Metro AG (b. 1924)

2013- Jerry Buss -American chemist and businessman (b. 1933)

2013- B. G. Dyess -American minister and politician (b. 1922)

2013- Elspet Gray -Scottish actress (b. 1929)

2013- Damon Harris -American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1950)

2013- Godfrey Hewitt -English geneticist and academic (b. 1940)

2013- Chieko Honda -Japanese voice actress (b. 1963)

2013- Anthony Theodore Lobo -Pakistani bishop (b. 1937)

2013- Matt Mattox -American dancer and actor (b. 1922)

2013- Martin Zweig -American financier (b. 1942)

2014- Isaiah Balat -Nigerian politician (b. 1952)

2014- Viscera (wrestler)|Nelson Frazier, Jr. -American wrestler and actor (b. 1971)

2014- Mavis Gallant -Canadian-French author and playwright (b. 1922)

2014- Kristof Goddaert -Belgian cyclist (b. 1986)

2014- Gregory Kane (journalist)|Gregory Kane -American journalist (b. 1951)

2014- Nikhil Baran Sengupta -Indian art director and production designer (b. 1943)

2014- Maria Franziska von Trapp -Austrian-American singer (b. 1914)