This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: February-12

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

881- Pope John VIII -crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Holy Roman Emperor

1429-English forces under Sir John Fastolf -defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orléans from attack by the Charles I, Duke of Bourbon|Comte de Clermont and Sir John Stewart of Darnley in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).

1502- Vasco da Gama -sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his 4th Portuguese India Armada (Gama, 1502)|second voyage to India.

1541- Santiago -Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.

1554-A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey -is beheaded for treason.

1593- Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98)|Japanese invasion of Korea -Approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju.

1689-The Convention Parliament (1689)|Convention Parliament -declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II of England|James II, the last Catholic Church|Roman Catholic Monarchy of the United Kingdom|British monarch, constitutes an abdication.

1733-Englishman James Oglethorpe -founds Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia, the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, and its first city at Savannah, Georgia|Savannah (known as Georgia Day).

1771- Gustav III of Sweden|Gustav III -becomes the Monarchy of Sweden|King of Sweden.

1816-The Teatro di San Carlo -the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.

1817-An Argentina|Argentine -Chilean patriotic army, after Crossing of the Andes|crossing the Andes, defeats Spanish troops on the Battle of Chacabuco.

1818- Bernardo O'Higgins -formally approves the Chilean Declaration of Independence near Concepción, Chile.

1825-The Muscogee people|Creek -cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government by the Treaty of Indian Springs, and migrate west.

1832- Ecuador -annexes the Galápagos Islands.

1851- Edward Hargraves -announces that he has found gold in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, starting the Australian gold rushes.

1855- Michigan State University -is established.

1894- Anarchism|Anarchist -Émile Henry (anarchist)|Émile Henry hurls a bomb into the Cafe Terminus in Paris, France, killing one and wounding 20.

1909-The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People -(NAACP) is founded.

1909-New Zealand's worst maritime disaster of the 20th century happens when the {{SS|Penguin}}, an inter-island ferry -sinks and explodes at the entrance to Wellington Harbour.

1912-The Puyi|Xuantong Emperor -the last Emperor of China, abdication|abdicates.

1914-In Washington, D.C. -the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.

1924-George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue -received its premiere in a concert titled "An Experiment in Modern Music," in Aeolian Hall, New York, by Paul Whiteman and his band, with Gershwin playing the piano.

1934-The Austrian Civil War -begins.

1934-In Spain the national council of '' Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista -' decides to merge the movement with the ''Falange|Falange Española''.

1935-{{USS|Macon|ZRS-5|6}}, one of the two largest helium -filled airships ever created, crashes into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California and sinks.

1946- World War II -Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.

1946- African American -United States Army veteran Isaac Woodard is severely beaten by a South Carolina police officer to the point where he loses his vision in both eyes. The incident later galvanizes the African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–68)|Civil Rights Movement and partially inspires Orson Welles' film ''Touch of Evil''.

1947-A Meteoroid#Meteor|meteor -creates an impact crater in Sikhote-Alin, in the Soviet Union.

1947- Christian Dior -unveils a "Christian Dior S.A.#The "New Look"|New Look", helping Paris regain its position as the capital of the fashion world.

1961-Soviet Union launches '' Venera 1 -' towards Venus.

1963-Construction begins on the Gateway Arch -in St. Louis.

1968- Phong Nhị and Phong Nhất massacre -

1974- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn -winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.

1983-100 women protest in Lahore, Pakistan -against military dictator Zia-ul-Haq|Zia-ul-Haq's proposed Law of Evidence. The women were tear-gassed, baton-charged and thrown into lock-up. The women were successful in repealing the law.

1990- Carmen Lawrence -becomes the first female Premier in Australian history when she becomes Premier of Western Australia.

1992-The current Constitution of Mongolia -comes into effect.

1994-Four men break into the National Gallery of Norway -and steal Edvard Munch's iconic painting ''The Scream''.

1999-United States President Bill Clinton -is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.

2001- NEAR Shoemaker -spacecraft touches down in the "Col|saddle" region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.

2002-The trial of Slobodan Milošević -the former President of the Serbia and Montenegro|Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, begins at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands. He dies four years later before its conclusion.

2002-An Iran Airtour -Tupolev Tu-154 crashes in the mountains outside Khorramabad, Iran while descending for a landing at Khorramabad Airport, killing 119.

2004-The city of San Francisco|San Francisco, California -begins issuing San Francisco 2004 same-sex weddings|marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor of San Francisco|Mayor Gavin Newsom.

2009- Colgan Air Flight 3407 -crashes into a house in Clarence Center, New York while on approach to Buffalo Niagara International Airport, killing all on board and one on the ground.