This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: December-29

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


1170- Thomas Becket -Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of Henry II of England|King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Communion|Anglican Church and the Catholic Church.

1427-Army of Ming Dynasty -started withdrawing from Hanoi, put an end to Fourth Chinese domination of Vietnam|the domination of Đại Việt.

1508- Portuguese Empire|Portuguese -forces under the command of Francisco de Almeida attack Khambhat at the Battle of Dabul.

1778- American Revolutionary War -3,000 Kingdom of Great Britain|British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom)|Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell (British Army officer)|Archibald Campbell Capture of Savannah|capture Savannah, Georgia.

1786- French Revolution -The Assembly of Notables is convened.

1812-The USS Constitution|USS ''Constitution'' -under the command of Captain (United States O-6)|Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java (1811)|HMS ''Java'' off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.

1835-The Treaty of New Echota -is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.

1845-In accordance with International -Boundary delimitation, United States annexes the Republic of Texas, following the manifest destiny doctrine. The Republic of Texas, which had been independent since the Texas Revolution of 1836, is thereupon admitted as the 28th U.S. state.

1851-The first American YMCA -opens in Boston|Boston, Massachusetts.

1860-The first British seagoing ironclad warship -HMS Warrior (1860)|HMS ''Warrior'' is launched.

1876-The Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster -occurs, leaving 64 injured and 92 dead at Ashtabula, Ohio.

1890- Wounded Knee Massacre -on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 300 Lakota people|Lakota killed by the 7th Cavalry Regiment (United States)|US Army.

1911- Mongolia -gains independence from the Qing Dynasty, enthroning The Bogd Khan|9th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu as List of Mongol Khans|Khagan of Mongolia.

1911- Sun Yat-sen -becomes the provisional President of the Republic of China (1912–1949)|Republic of China; he formally takes office on January 1, 1912.

1914-'' A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man -', the first novel by James Joyce, is serialized in ''The Egoist (periodical)|The Egoist''.

1930-Sir Muhammad Iqbal -s presidential address in Allahabad introduces the Two nation theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan.

1934- Japan -renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.

1937-The Irish Free State -is replaced by a new state called Republic of Ireland|Ireland with the adoption of a new Constitution of Ireland|constitution.

1939-First flight of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator -

1940- World War II -In the Second Great Fire of London, the Luftwaffe fire-bombs London|London, England, UK, killing almost 200 civilians.

1949- KC2XAK -of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule.

1959-Physicist Richard Feynman -gives a speech entitled "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom", which is regarded as the birth of nanotechnology.

1959-The Lisbon Metro -begins operation.

1972-An Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 -(a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar) crashes on approach to Miami International Airport, Florida, killing 101.

1975-A bomb LaGuardia Airport#Accidents and incidents|explodes -at LaGuardia Airport in New York City|New York, New York, killing 11 people and injuring 74.

1989-Riots break-out after Hong Kong -decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees.

1992- Fernando Collor de Mello -president of Brazil, tries to resign amidst corruption charges, but is then impeached.

1996- Guatemala -and leaders of Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity sign a peace accord ending a 36-year Guatemalan Civil War|civil war.

1997-Hong Kong begins to kill all the nation's 1.25 million chicken -to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain.

1998-Leaders of the Khmer Rouge -apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over 1 million lives.

2001-A fire at the Mesa Redonda shopping center in Lima -Peru, kills at least 291.

2003-The last known speaker of Akkala Sami language|Akkala Sami -dies, rendering the language extinct.

2006-UK settles its Anglo-American loan -post-WWII loan debt.

2012-A Tupolev Tu-204 -airliner Red Wings Airlines Flight 9268|crashes in a ditch between the airport fence and the M3 highway (Russia)|M3 highway after overshooting a runway at Vnukovo International Airport in Moscow, Russia, killing five people and leaving three others critically injured.

2013-A December 2013 Volgograd bombings|suicide bomb attack -at the Volgograd railway station|Volgograd-1 railway station in the southern Russia|Russian city of Volgograd kills at least 18 people and wounds 40 others.

Famous Birthdays


765- Ali al-Ridha -Saudi Arabian 8th of the Twelve Imams (d. 818)

1709- Elizabeth of Russia -(d. 1762)

1721- Madame de Pompadour -French mistress of Louis XV of France (d. 1764)

1796- Johann Christian Poggendorff -German physicist and journalist (d. 1877)

1800- Charles Goodyear -American engineer (d. 1860)

1808- Andrew Johnson -American general and politician, 17th President of the United States (d. 1875)

1809- William Ewart Gladstone -English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1898)

1816- Carl Ludwig -German physician and physiologist (d. 1895)

1843- Elisabeth of Wied -(d. 1916)

1855- August Kitzberg -Estonian author and poet (d. 1927)

1856- Thomas Joannes Stieltjes -Dutch-French mathematician and academic (d. 1894)

1874- François Brandt -Dutch rower (d. 1949)

1876- Pablo Casals -Catalan cellist and conductor (d. 1973)

1877- Max Hess (gymnast)|Max Hess -American gymnast (d. 1969)

1879- Billy Mitchell -American general (d. 1936)

1881- Scott Leary -American swimmer (d. 1958)

1881- Jess Willard -American boxer (d. 1968)

1885- Roman von Ungern-Sternberg -Austrian-Russian general (d. 1921)

1895- Oswald Freisler -German lawyer (d. 1939)

1896- David Alfaro Siqueiros -Mexican painter (d. 1974)

1899- Nie Rongzhen -Chinese general and politician, Mayor of Beijing (d. 1992)

1902- Nels Stewart -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1957)

1904- Kuvempu -Indian author and poet (d. 1994)

1908- Helmut Gollwitzer -German theologian and author (d. 1993)

1908- Magnus Pyke -British Scientist, Author and TV Presenter (1992)

1910- Ronald Coase -English-American economist, author, and academic, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)

1911- Klaus Fuchs -German physicist and spy (d. 1988)

1914- Zainul Abedin -Bangladeshi painter (d. 1976)

1914- Billy Tipton -American pianist and saxophonist (d. 1989)

1914- Albert Tucker (artist)|Albert Tucker -Australian painter (d. 1999)

1915- Bill Osmanski -American football player and coach (d. 1996)

1915- Robert Ruark -American hunter and author (d. 1965)

1917- Tom Bradley (American politician)|Tom Bradley -American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 38th Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)

1917- Ramanand Sagar -Indian director and producer (d. 2005)

1919- Alfred de Grazia -American political scientist and author (d. 2014)

1919- Roman Vlad -Italian pianist and composer (d. 2013)

1920- Viveca Lindfors -Swedish actress and singer (d. 1995)

1921- Robert C. Baker -American chef, invented the chicken nugget (d. 2006)

1921- Dobrica Ćosić -Serbian politician, 1st President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (d. 2014)

1922- Little Joe Cook -American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)

1922- William Gaddis -American author and academic (d. 1998)

1923- Cheikh Anta Diop -Senegalese historian, anthropologist, and physicist (d. 1986)

1923- Shlomo Venezia -Greek-Italian holocaust survivor and author (d. 2012)

1924- Joe Allbritton -American businessman and publisher, founded the Allbritton Communications Company (d. 2012)

1925- Pete Dye -American golf course designer

1927- Andy Stanfield -American sprinter (d. 1985)

1928- Bernard Cribbins -English actor, singer, and director

1929- Matt Murphy (blues guitarist)|Matt Murphy -American guitarist (The Blues Brothers)

1931- Yi Gu -Japanese-American son of Bangja, Crown Princess Euimin of Korea (d. 2005)

1931- Stasys Stonkus -Lithuanian basketball player and coach (d. 2012)

1932- Inga Swenson -American actress

1933- Samuel Brittan -English journalist and author

1934- Ed Flanders -American actor (d. 1995)

1935- Virgil Johnson (singer)|Virgil Johnson -American singer (The Velvets) (d. 2013)

1936- Mary Tyler Moore -American actress and singer

1936- Ray Nitschke -American football player (d. 1998)

1937- Wayne Huizenga -American businessman, founded AutoNation

1937- Barbara Steele -English actress and producer

1938- Harvey Smith (equestrian)|Harvey Smith -English horse rider

1938- Jon Voight -American actor and producer

1941- Ray Thomas -English singer-songwriter and flute player (The Moody Blues)

1942- Dinah Christie -English-Canadian actress and singer

1942- Rick Danko -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Band) (d. 1999)

1942- Rajesh Khanna -Indian actor, singer, and producer (d. 2012)

1942- Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga -Honduran cardinal

1943- Bill Aucoin -American talent manager (d. 2010)

1943- Molly Bang -American author and illustrator

1946- Marianne Faithfull -English singer-songwriter and actress

1947- Richard Crandall -American physicist and computer scientist (d. 2012)

1947- Ted Danson -American actor and producer

1947- Leonhard Lapin -Estonian architect and poet

1947- Cozy Powell -English drummer, songwriter, and producer (Emerson, Lake & Powell, The Jeff Beck Group, Rainbow (rock band)|Rainbow, Whitesnake, and Black Sabbath) (d. 1998)

1947- David Tanner (rowing)|David Tanner -English rower and coach

1947- Vincent Winter -Scottish actor, director, and production manager (d. 1998)

1948- Peter Robinson (politician)|Peter Robinson -Irish politician, 3rd First Minister of Northern Ireland

1949- Syed Kirmani -Indian cricketer

1949- David Topliss -English rugby player and coach (d. 2008)

1950- Jon Polito -American actor

1951- Yvonne Elliman -American singer-songwriter and actor

1951- Georges Thurston -Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2007)

1952- Gelsey Kirkland -American ballerina and choreographer

1953- Gali Atari -Israeli singer and actress

1953- Alan Rusbridger -Zambian-English journalist and academic

1953- Stanley Williams -American gang leader, co-founded the Crips (d. 2005)

1954- Albrecht Böttcher -German mathematician and author

1954- Norihito, Prince Takamado -of Japan (d. 2002)

1954- Roger Voudouris -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2003)

1956- Fred MacAulay -Scottish comedian and radio host

1957- Brad Grey -American screenwriter and producer

1957- Oliver Hirschbiegel -German actor, director, and producer

1957- Iain Paxton -Scottish rugby player and coach

1957- Paul Rudnick -American author and screenwriter

1958- Nancy J. Currie -American colonel, engineer, and astronaut

1959- Keith Crossan -Irish rugby player

1959- Patricia Clarkson -American actress

1959- Ann Demeulemeester -Belgian fashion designer

1959- Paula Poundstone -American comedian, actress, and author

1960- David Boon -Australian cricketer

1960- Katerina Didaskalou -Greek actress

1960- Thomas Lubanga Dyilo -Congolese militia leader, founded the Union of Congolese Patriots

1961- Kevin Granata -American engineer and academic (d. 2007)

1961- Jim Reid -Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Jesus and Mary Chain and Freeheat)

1961- Richard Horton (editor)|Richard Horton -English physician and journalist

1962- Devon White (baseball)|Devon White -Jamaican-American baseball player

1963- Francisco Bustamante -Filipino Pool (cue sports)|Pool player

1963- Des Foy -English rugby player

1963- Dave McKean -English illustrator, photographer, director, and pianist

1963- Sean Payton -American football player and coach

1963- Liisa Savijarvi -Canadian skier

1965- Dexter Holland -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Offspring)

1966- Laurent Boudouani -French boxer

1966- Stefano Eranio -Italian footballer and coach

1966- Martin Offiah -English rugby player and sportscaster

1967- Ashleigh Banfield -Canadian-American journalist

1967- Chris Barnes (musician)|Chris Barnes -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Six Feet Under (band)|Six Feet Under, Cannibal Corpse, and Torture Killer)

1967- Evan Seinfeld -American bass player, actor, and director (Biohazard (band)|Biohazard and Damnocracy)

1969- Jennifer Ehle -American-English actress

1969- Allan McNish -Scottish race car driver

1969- José Antonio Noriega -Mexican footballer

1970- Aled Jones -Welsh singer and television host

1970- Hidetoshi Mitsusada -Japanese race car driver

1970- Glen Phillips -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Toad the Wet Sprocket and Works Progress Administration (musical group)|Works Progress Administration)

1970- Kevin Weisman -American actor

1971- Um Sang-hyun -South Korean voice actor

1971- Margot Thien -American swimmer

1972- Asheru -American rapper

1972- Jason Kreis -American soccer player and manager

1972- Jude Law -English actor, director, and producer

1972- Leonor Varela -Chilean-American actress

1973- Pimp C -American rapper and producer (UGK) (d. 2007)

1973- Theo Epstein -American businessman

1974- Twinkle Khanna -Indian actress and producer

1974- Mekhi Phifer -American actor and producer

1974- Richie Sexson -American baseball player

1974- Ryan Shore -Canadian composer and producer

1975- Shawn Hatosy -American actor

1975- Jaret Wright -American baseball player

1976- Filip Kuba -Czech ice hockey player

1976- Danny McBride -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1977- Jimmy Journell -American baseball player

1977- Katherine Moennig -American actress

1978- Alexis Amore -Peruvian-American porn actress

1978- Jake Berry -English lawyer and politician

1978- Matthew Carr -Australian footballer

1978- Pierre Dagenais -Canadian ice hockey player

1978- Kieron Dyer -English footballer

1978- Danny Higginbotham -English footballer

1978- Steve Kemp (musician)|Steve Kemp -English drummer (Hard-Fi)

1978- LaToya London -American singer and actress

1979- Mitsuhiro Ishida -Japanese mixed martial artist

1979- Diego Luna -Mexican actor, director, and producer

1979- Ariel Schrag -American cartoonist and screenwriter

1981- Shizuka Arakawa -Japanese figure skater

1981- Shaun Suisham -American football player

1981- Vjatšeslav Zahovaiko -Estonian footballer

1982- Alison Brie -American actress

1982- Gabrielle Destroismaisons -Canadian singer

1982- Brian Hill (swimmer)|Brian Hill -Canadian Paralympic swimmer

1982- Dale Morris -Australian footballer

1983- Jessica Andrews -American singer-songwriter

1983- James Kelly (Australian rules footballer)|James Kelly -Australian footballer

1983- Gonzalo Olave -Chilean actor (d. 2009)

1984- Reimo Tamm -Estonian basketball player

1985- Alexa Ray Joel -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1986- Joe Anyon -English footballer

1986- Kim Ok-bin -South Korean actress and singer

1987- Yuhi Sekiguchi -Japanese race car driver

1988- Eric Berry -American football player

1988- Ágnes Szávay -Hungarian tennis player

1989- Left Brain -American rapper and producer (Odd Future and MellowHype)

1989- Jane Levy -American actress

1989- Kei Nishikori -Japanese tennis player

1990- Allen Kim -South Korean singer, dancer, and actor (U-KISS and Xing (band)|Xing)

1995- Rina Ikoma -Japanese singer (Nogizaka46 and AKB48)

1995- Ross Lynch -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (R5 (band)|R5)

1998- Seamus Davey-Fitzpatrick -American actor

History of Deaths


721- Empress Genmei -of Japan (b. 660)

1170- Thomas Becket -English archbishop (b. 1118)

1563- Sebastian Castellio -French preacher and theologian (b. 1515)

1565- Queen Munjeong -of Korea (b. 1501)

1634- John Albert Vasa -Polish cardinal (b. 1612)

1661- Antoine Girard de Saint-Amant -French poet (b. 1594)

1689- Thomas Sydenham -English physician (b. 1624)

1731- Brook Taylor -English mathematician (b. 1685)

1737- Joseph Saurin -French minister and mathematician (b. 1659)

1785- Johan Herman Wessel -Norwegian-Danish poet and playwright (b. 1742)

1825- Jacques-Louis David -French painter and illustrator (b. 1748)

1887- Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann -Estonian-Russian linguist and botanist (b. 1805)

1891- Leopold Kronecker -Polish-German mathematician and academic (b. 1823)

1894- Christina Rossetti -English poet and hymn-writer (b. 1830)

1896- Jacob ben Moses Bachrach -Polish apologist (b. 1824)

1897- William James Linton -English-American painter, author, and activist (b. 1812)

1910- Reginald Doherty -English tennis player (b. 1872)

1924- Carl Spitteler -Swiss poet, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)

1926- Rainer Maria Rilke -Austrian author and poet (b. 1875)

1929- Wilhelm Maybach -German engineer and businessman, founded Maybach (b. 1846)

1934- Alma Tell -American actress (b. 1898)

1937- Don Marquis -American journalist, author, and playwright (b. 1878)

1941- Tullio Levi-Civita -Italian mathematician and scholar (b. 1873)

1949- Tyler Dennett -American historian and author (b. 1883)

1952- Fletcher Henderson -American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1897)

1953- Violet MacMillan -American actress (b. 1887)

1959- Robin Milford -English composer (b. 1903)

1960- Eden Phillpotts -English author and poet (b. 1862)

1967- Paul Whiteman -American violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1890)

1968- Austin Farrer -English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)

1970- Marie Menken -American director and painter (b. 1909)

1972- Chrysostomos Papasarantopoulos -Greek priest and missionary (b. 1903)

1976- Ivo Van Damme -Belgian runner (b. 1954)

1980- Tim Hardin -American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)

1980- Nadezhda Mandelstam -Russian author and educator (b. 1899)

1981- Miroslav Krleža -Croatian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1893)

1984- Indus Arthur -American actress (b. 1941)

1986- Harold Macmillan -English captain and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1894)

1986- Andrei Tarkovsky -Russian director and screenwriter (b. 1932)

1988- Mike Beuttler -Egyptian race car driver (b. 1940)

1993- Frunzik Mkrtchyan -Armenian actor (b. 1930)

1995- Lita Grey -American actress (b. 1908)

1996- Mireille Hartuch -French singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1906)

1998- Jean-Claude Forest -French author and illustrator (b. 1930)

1999- Leon Radzinowicz -Polish-English criminologist and academic (b. 1906)

2001- Takashi Asahina -Japanese conductor (b. 1908)

2001- Cássia Eller -Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1962)

2003- Earl Hindman -American actor (b. 1942)

2003- Dinsdale Landen -English actor (b. 1932)

2003- Bob Monkhouse -English comedian, actor, and game show host (b. 1928)

2004- Julius Axelrod -American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)

2004- Ken Burkhart -American baseball player and umpire (b. 1915)

2004- Liddy Holloway -New Zealand actress and screenwriter (b. 1947)

2005- Gerda Boyesen -Norwegian-English psychotherapist and author (b. 1922)

2007- Kevin Greening -English radio host (b. 1962)

2007- Phil O'Donnell (footballer)|Phil O'Donnell -Scottish footballer (b. 1972)

2008- Freddie Hubbard -American trumpet player and composer (b. 1938)

2009- Akmal Shaikh -Pakistani-English businessman and drug trafficker (b. 1956)

2009- "Dr. Death" Steve Williams -American football player and wrestler (b. 1960)

2010- Bill Erwin -American actor (b. 1914)

2011- Tyron Perez -Filipino model and actor (b. 1985)

2012- Mike Auldridge -American singer and guitarist (The Seldom Scene and Chesapeake (band)|Chesapeake) (b. 1938)

2012- Tony Greig -South African-Australian cricketer and sportscaster (b. 1946)

2012- Edward Meneeley -American painter and sculptor (b. 1927)

2012- Ben Overton -American jurist (b. 1926)

2012- William Rees-Mogg -English journalist (b. 1928)

2012- Salvador Reyes Monteón -Mexican footballer and manager (b. 1936)

2012- Paulo Rocha -Portuguese director and screenwriter (b. 1935)

2012- Bruce Stark -American cartoonist (b. 1933)

2012- Ignacy Tokarczuk -Polish archbishop (b. 1918)

2012- Roland Griffiths-Marsh -Malaysian-Australian soldier and author (b. 1923)

2013- Hsia Chih-tsing -Chinese-American critic and scholar (b. 1921)

2013- Paul Comstive -English footballer (b. 1961)

2013- Benjamin Curtis (musician)|Benjamin Curtis -American guitarist, drummer, and songwriter (Secret Machines, School of Seven Bells, Tripping Daisy, and UFOFU) (b. 1978)

2013- Connie Dierking -American basketball player (b. 1936)

2013- Wojciech Kilar -Polish composer (b. 1932)

2013- Besik Kudukhov -Russian wrestler (b. 1986)

2013- Jagadish Mohanty -Indian author (b. 1951)

2013- Mike O'Connor (journalist)|Mike O'Connor -German-American journalist (b. 1946)

2013- Paul Sally -American mathematician and academic (b. 1933)