This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: December-18

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


218 BC- Second Punic War -Battle of the Trebia

1271- Kublai Khan -renames his empire "Yuan" (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia and China.

1622- Portuguese Empire|Portuguese -forces score a military victory over the Kingdom of Kongo at the Battle of Mbumbi in present-day Angola.

1642- Abel Tasman -becomes first European to sight New Zealand.

1655-The Whitehall Conference -ends with the determination that there was no law preventing Jews from re-entering England after the Edict of Expulsion of 1290.

1777-The United States -celebrates its first Thanksgiving, marking the recent victory by the Americans over British General John Burgoyne in the Battles of Saratoga|Battle of Saratoga in October.

1787- New Jersey -becomes the third state to ratify the United States Constitution|U.S. Constitution.

1793-Surrender of the frigate ''La Lutine'' by French Royalists to Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood|Lord Samuel Hood -renamed {{HMS|Lutine|1779|6}}, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.

1867-The Angola Horror -train wreck occurred.

1878-John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires -is executed in Pennsylvania.

1878-The House of Thani|Al-Thani -family become the rulers of the state of Qatar

1888- Richard Wetherill -and his brother in-law discover the ancient Indian ruins of Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde National Park|Mesa Verde.

1892-Premiere performance of '' The Nutcracker -' by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

1898- Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat -sets the first officially recognized land speed record of {{convert|39.245|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on}} in a Jeantaud electric car

1900-The Upper Ferntree Gully, Victoria|Upper Ferntree Gully -to Gembrook, Victoria Glossary of rail transport terms#N|Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria (Australia)|Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.

1912-The Piltdown Man -later discovered to be a hoax, is announced by Charles Dawson.

1916- World War I -The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of staff Erich von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French, and suffer 337,000 Casualty (person)|casualties.

1917-The resolution containing the language of the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Eighteenth Amendment -to enact Prohibition in the United States|Prohibition is passed by the United States Congress.

1932-The Chicago Bears -defeat the Detroit Lions|Portsmouth Spartans 9–0 in the first ever History of National Football League Championship|NFL Championship Game. Because of a blizzard, the game is moved from Wrigley Field to the Chicago Stadium, the field measuring {{convert|80|yd}} long.

1935-The Lanka Sama Samaja Party -is founded in Sri Lanka|Ceylon.

1939- World War II -The Battle of the Heligoland Bight (1939)|Battle of the Heligoland Bight, the first major air battle of the war, takes place.

1944-World War II: 77 Boeing B-29 Superfortress|B-29 Superfortress -and 200 other aircraft of U.S. Fourteenth Air Force bomb Hankou|Hankow, China, a Japanese supply base.

1956-Japan joins the United Nations -

1958- SCORE (satellite)|Project SCORE -the world's first communications satellite, is launched.

1966- Saturn -s moon Epimetheus (moon)|Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.

1969- Capital punishment in the United Kingdom -Home Secretary James Callaghan's motion to make permanent the Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965, which had temporarily suspended capital punishment in England, Wales and Scotland for murder (but not for all crimes) for a period of five years.

1971- Capitol Reef National Park -is established in Utah.

1972- Vietnam War -President of the United States|President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will engage North Vietnam in Operation Linebacker II, a series of Christmas bombings, after peace talks collapsed with North Vietnam on the 13th.

1973- Soyuz programme|Soviet Soyuz Programme -''Soyuz 13'', crewed by List of cosmonauts|cosmonauts Valentin Lebedev and Pyotr Klimuk, is launched from Baikonur in the Soviet Union.

1973-The Islamic Development Bank -is founded.

1978- Dominica -joins the United Nations.

1987- Larry Wall -releases the first version of the Perl programming language.

1989-The European Economic Community -and the Soviet Union sign an agreement on trade and commercial and economic cooperation.

1997- HTML -4.0 is published by the World Wide Web Consortium.

1999- NASA -launches into orbit the Terra (satellite)|Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer|ASTER, Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System|CERES, Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer|MISR, Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer|MODIS and MOPITT.

2002- California gubernatorial recall election|2003 California recall -Then Governor of California Gray Davis announces that the California|state would face a record Government budget balance|budget deficit of United States dollar|$35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier.

2005-The Civil war in Chad (2005–2010)|civil war in Chad -begins when rebel groups, allegedly backed by neighbouring Sudan, launch an Battle of Adré|attack in Adré.

2006-The first of a 2006–2007 Malaysian floods|series of floods -strikes Malaysia. The death toll of all flooding is at least 118, with over 400,000 people displaced.

2006- United Arab Emirates -holds its United Arab Emirates parliamentary election, 2006|first-ever elections.

2010-Anti-government protests begin in Tunisia -heralding the Arab Spring.

Famous Birthdays


1507- Ōuchi Yoshitaka -Japanese daimyo (d. 1551)

1602- Simonds d'Ewes -English historian and politician (d. 1650)

1610- Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange -French philologist and historian (d. 1688)

1620- Heinrich Roth -German missionary and scholar (d. 1668)

1626- Christina, Queen of Sweden -(d. 1689)

1661- Christopher Polhem -Swedish physicist and inventor (d. 1751)

1662- James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry -Scottish politician, Secretary of State for Scotland (d. 1711)

1707- Charles Wesley -English missionary and composer (d. 1788)

1725- Johann Salomo Semler -German historian and theologian (d. 1791)

1734- Jean-Baptiste Rey -French conductor and composer (d. 1810)

1778- Joseph Grimaldi -English actor and dancer (d. 1837)

1825- Charles Griffin -American general (d. 1876)

1825- John S. Harris -American surveyor and politician (d. 1906)

1835- Lyman Abbott -American minister, theologian, and author (d. 1922)

1847- Augusta Holmès -French composer (d. 1903)

1849- Henrietta Edwards -Canadian activist and author (d. 1931)

1851- Graciano López Jaena -Filipino journalist (d. 1896)

1856- J. J. Thomson -English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)

1860- Edward MacDowell -American pianist and composer (d. 1908)

1861- Lionel Monckton -English composer and critic (d. 1924)

1863- Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria -(d. 1914)

1867- Foxhall P. Keene -American polo player and horse breeder (d. 1941)

1870- Saki -Burmese-English author and playwright (d. 1916)

1873- Francis Burton Harrison -American general and politician, 6th Governor-General of the Philippines (d. 1957)

1878- Joseph Stalin -Georgian-Russian marshal and politician, 4th Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1953)

1879- Paul Klee -Swiss-German painter (d. 1940)

1882- Paulin Lemaire -French gymnast

1882- Richard Maury -American-Argentinian engineer, designed the Salta–Antofagasta railway (d. 1950)

1883- Raimu -French actor (d. 1946)

1884- Emil Starkenstein -Czech-Jewish co-founder of clinical pharmacology, murdered at Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp (d. 1942)

1886- Ty Cobb -American baseball player and manager (d. 1961)

1886- Martin Dooling -American soccer player (d. 1966)

1887- Bhikhari Thakur -Indian actor, singer, and playwright (d. 1971)

1888- Gladys Cooper -English actress and singer (d. 1971)

1888- Robert Moses -American urban planner, designed the Northern State Parkway and Southern State Parkway (d. 1981)

1890- Edwin Howard Armstrong -American engineer, invented FM radio (d. 1954)

1897- Fletcher Henderson -American pianist and composer (d. 1952)

1899- Peter Wessel Zapffe -Norwegian philosopher and author (d. 1990)

1904- George Stevens -American director, producer, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1975)

1907- Bill Holland -American race car driver (d. 1984)

1907- Lawrence Lucie -American guitarist (Mills Blue Rhythm Band) (d. 2009)

1908- Celia Johnson -English actress (d. 1982)

1908- Paul Siple -American geographer and explorer (d. 1969)

1910- Abe Burrows -American author, playwright, and director (d. 1985)

1910- Eric Tindill -New Zealand rugby player, cricketer, and umpire (d. 2010)

1911- Jules Dassin -American-Greek actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1912- Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. -American pilot and general (d. 2002)

1913- Alfred Bester -American author and screenwriter (d. 1987)

1913- Willy Brandt -German politician, 4th Chancellor of Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)|Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)

1913- Ray Meyer -American basketball player and coach (d. 2006)

1916- Douglas Fraser -Scottish-American union leader and academic (d. 2008)

1916- Betty Grable -American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1973)

1917- Ossie Davis -American actor and activist (d. 2005)

1920- Robert Leckie (author)|Robert Leckie -American soldier and author (d. 2001)

1922- Jack Brooks (politician)|Jack Brooks -American colonel, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)

1923- Edwin Bramall, Baron Bramall|Edwin Bramall -English field marshal

1927- Ramsey Clark -American lawyer and politician, 66th United States Attorney General

1927- Roméo LeBlanc -Canadian journalist and politician, 25th Governor General of Canada (d. 2009)

1928- Mirza Tahir Ahmad -Indian-English caliph (d. 2003)

1929- Gino Cimoli -American baseball player (d. 2011)

1929- Józef Glemp -Polish cardinal (d. 2013)

1930- Bill Skowron|Moose Skowron -American baseball player (d. 2012)

1931- Allen Klein -American talent agent and businessman (d. 2009)

1931- Alison Plowden -English historian and author (d. 2007)

1931- Bill Thompson (television host)|Bill Thompson -American television host (d. 2014)

1932- Roger Smith (actor)|Roger Smith -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1933- Lonnie Brooks -American singer and guitarist

1934- Marc Rich -Belgian-American businessman, founded Glencore Xstrata (d. 2013)

1934- Boris Volynov -Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut

1935- Rosemary Leach -English actress

1935- Jacques Pépin -French-American chef and author

1936- Malcolm Kirk -English rugby player and wrestler (d. 1987)

1938- Chas Chandler -English bass player and producer (The Animals) (d. 1996)

1938- Joel Hirschhorn -American songwriter and composer (d. 2005)

1938- Roger E. Mosley -American actor

1939- Michael Moorcock -English author and songwriter

1939- Harold E. Varmus -American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate

1941- Sam Andrew -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Big Brother and the Holding Company)

1941- Joan Wallach Scott -American historian

1941- Wadada Leo Smith -American trumpet player and composer (Creative Construction Company)

1942- Harvey Atkin -Canadian actor

1943- Bobby Keys -American saxophone player (The Rolling Stones)

1943- Keith Richards -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (The Rolling Stones, The Dirty Mac, and The New Barbarians (band)|The New Barbarians)

1943- Alan Rudolph -American director and screenwriter

1944- Crispian Steele-Perkins -English trumpet player

1945- Jean Pronovost -Canadian ice hockey player

1946- Steve Biko -South African activist, founded the Black Consciousness Movement (d. 1977)

1946- Alex Ligertwood -Scottish singer (Average White Band and The Senate (band)|The Senate)

1946- Steven Spielberg -American director, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded DreamWorks

1947- Leonid Yuzefovich -Russian author and screenwriter

1948- Edmund Kemper -American serial killer

1948- Bill Nelson (musician)|Bill Nelson -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Be-Bop Deluxe and Bill Nelson's Red Noise)

1948- Laurent Voulzy -French-English singer-songwriter and guitarist

1949- David A. Johnston -American geologist (d. 1980)

1950- Gillian Armstrong -Australian director, producer, and screenwriter

1950- Randy Castillo -American drummer (Red Square Black and Mötley Crüe) (d. 2002)

1950- Sarath Fonseka -Sri Lankan general and politician

1950- Heinz-Josef Kehr -German footballer

1950- Leonard Maltin -American historian, author, and critic

1951- V. Balachandran (Sri Lankan politician)|V. Balachandran -Sri Lankan politician

1952- John Leventhal -American songwriter and producer

1953- Elliot Easton -American guitarist and singer (The Cars, The New Cars, and Creedence Clearwater Revisited)

1953- Khas-Magomed Hadjimuradov -Chechen singer-songwriter and guitarist

1954- John Booth (motor racing)|John Booth -English race car driver

1954- Ray Liotta -American actor, singer, and producer

1955- Vijay Mallya -Indian businessman and politician

1956- Ron White -American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter

1957- Jonathan Cainer -English astrologer and author

1958- Geordie Walker -English guitarist (Killing Joke, The Damage Manual, and Murder, Inc. (band)|Murder, Inc.)

1958- Julia Wolfe -American composer and educator

1960- Kazuhide Uekusa -Japanese economist and academic

1961- Brian Orser -Canadian figure skater and coach

1961- Leila Steinberg -American singer, producer, author, and poet

1961- Daniel S. Loeb -American businessman

1962- Renaldo Lapuz -Filipino-American singer-songwriter

1963- Rikiya Koyama -Japanese actor

1963- Norman Brown (guitarist)|Norman Brown -American singer and guitarist (BWB (band)|BWB)

1963- Greg D'Angelo -American drummer (White Lion, Britny Fox, Pride and Glory (band)|Pride and Glory, and AntiProduct)

1963- Karl Dorrell -American football player and coach

1963- Pauline Ester -French singer

1963- Allan Kayser -American actor

1963- Pierre Nkurunziza -Burundian soldier and politician, President of Burundi

1963- Charles Oakley -American basketball player and coach

1963- Rikiya Koyama -Japanese voice actor

1963- Brad Pitt -American actor and producer

1964- Stone Cold Steve Austin -American wrestler, actor, and producer

1964- Don Beebe -American football player and coach

1964- Robson Green -English actor, singer, and producer

1965- Shawn Christian -American actor, director, and screenwriter

1965- Mick Collins -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Gories and The Dirtbombs)

1965- Manuel Peña Escontrela -Spanish footballer (d. 2012)

1965- Fawna MacLaren -American model and actress

1966- Makiko Esumi -Japanese actress

1966- Gianluca Pagliuca -Italian footballer and sportscaster

1966- Mille Petrozza -German singer-songwriter and guitarist (Kreator and Voodoocult)

1967- Mario Frangoulis -Greek tenor and actor

1967- Toine van Peperstraten -Dutch journalist

1968- Mario Basler -German footballer and manager

1968- Rachel Griffiths -Australian actress

1968- Alejandro Sanz -Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist

1968- Casper Van Dien -American actor and producer

1968- Nina Wadia -Indian-English actress

1969- Santiago Cañizares -Spanish footballer

1969- Justin Edinburgh -English footballer and manager

1969- Akira Iida -Japanese race car driver

1970- DMX (rapper)|DMX -American rapper and actor

1970- Lucious Harris -American basketball player

1970- Giannis Ploutarhos -Greek singer-songwriter

1970- Victoria Pratt -Canadian actress and model

1970- Fernando Solabarrieta -Chilean journalist

1970- Cowboy Troy -American rapper (MuzikMafia)

1970- Rob Van Dam -American wrestler and actor

1970- Jonathan Yeo -English painter

1971- Barkha Dutt -Indian journalist

1971- Noriko Matsueda -Japanese pianist and composer

1971- Arantxa Sánchez Vicario -Spanish tennis player

1972- Rah Digga -American rapper and actress (The Conglomerate (American group)|The Conglomerate)

1972- Raymond Herrera -American drummer (Fear Factory, Arkaea, and Brujeria (band)|Brujeria)

1972- DJ Lethal -Latvian-American DJ and producer (House of Pain, Limp Bizkit, and La Coka Nostra)

1973- Leila Arcieri -American actress and model

1973- Neil Busch -American singer-songwriter and bass player (...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead)

1974- Peter Boulware -American football player

1974- Bill Duggan -American actor

1974- Mutassim Gaddafi -Libyan colonel (d. 2011)

1974- Knut Schreiner -Norwegian singer, guitarist, and producer (Turbonegro, Euroboys, and Mirror Lakes (band)|Mirror Lakes)

1975- Sia Furler -Australian singer-songwriter

1975- Randy Houser -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1975- David O'Doherty -Irish comedian, actor, and singer

1975- Trish Stratus -Canadian wrestler and actress

1975- Masaki Sumitani -Japanese wrestler and comedian

1975- Vincent van der Voort -Dutch darts player

1976- Koyuki -Japanese actress and model

1977- Axwell -Swedish DJ and producer (Swedish House Mafia)

1977- José Acevedo (baseball)|José Acevedo -Dominican baseball player

1977- Claudia Gesell -German runner

1978- Daniel Cleary -Canadian ice hockey player

1978- Ali Curtis -American soccer player

1978- Katie Holmes -American actress

1978- Naomi Lang -American ice dancer

1979- Eric Pérez -Puerto Rican wrestler

1979- Mamady Sidibé -Malian footballer

1980- Christina Aguilera -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1980- Heinz Inniger -Swiss snowboarder

1980- Benjamin Watson -American football player

1983- Andy Fantuz -Canadian football player

1984- Derrick Tribbett -American bass player and singer (Twisted Method, Makeshift Romeo, and Dope (band)|Dope)

1985- Tara Conner -American model, Miss USA 2006

1985- Natalie Gal -Russian-American model and actress

1985- Hana Soukupová -Czech model

1986- François Hamelin -Canadian speed skater

1986- Usman Khawaja -Australian cricketer

1986- Bill Stull -American football player

1987- Ayaka -Japanese singer-songwriter and producer

1987- Miki Ando -Japanese figure skater

1987- Fernando Jara -Panamanian jockey

1988- Lizzie Armitstead -English cyclist

1988- Seth Doege -American football player

1989- Emily Atack -English actress

1989- Ashley Benson -American actress

1989- Ashley Slanina-Davies -English actress

1990- Sierra Kay -American singer-songwriter (Versa (band)|Versa)

1992- Bridgit Mendler -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

History of Deaths


821- Theodulf of Orléans -Spanish bishop (b. 750)

1075- Edith of Wessex -(b. 1025)

1133- Hildebert -French poet and scholar (b. 1055)

1495- Alfonso II of Naples -(b. 1448)

1591- Marigje Arriens -Dutch woman accused of witchcraft (b. 1520)

1692- Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff -German politician and scholar (b. 1626)

1737- Antonio Stradivari -Italian instrument maker (b. 1644)

1787- Soame Jenyns -English poet and politician (b. 1704)

1799- Jean-Étienne Montucla -French mathematician and historian (b. 1725)

1803- Johann Gottfried Herder -German philosopher, theologian, and poet (b. 1744)

1829- Jean-Baptiste Lamarck -French soldier, biologist, and academic (b. 1744)

1843- Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch -Scottish-English general and politician (b. 1748)

1848- Bernard Bolzano -Bohemian priest and mathematician (b. 1781)

1869- Louis Moreau Gottschalk -American pianist and composer (b. 1829)

1880- Michel Chasles -French mathematician and academic (b. 1793)

1892- Richard Owen -English biologist, anatomist, and paleontologist (b. 1804)

1922- Sir Carl Meyer, 1st Baronet -German-English banker and businessman (b. 1851)

1936- Andrija Mohorovičić -Hungarian-Croatian meteorologist and seismologist (b. 1857)

1944- Alexander Cudmore -American soccer player (b. 1888)

1950- Johnny Hyde -Russian-American talent agent (b. 1895)

1968- Joan Tabor -American actress (b. 1932)

1969- Charles Dvorak -American pole vaulter (b. 1878)

1971- Bobby Jones (golfer)|Bobby Jones -American golfer and lawyer (b. 1902)

1971- Diana Lynn -American actress and singer (b. 1926)

1973- Allamah Rasheed Turabi -Indian-Pakistani religious leader and philosopher (b. 1908)

1974- Harry Hooper -American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1887)

1975- Theodosius Dobzhansky -Ukrainian geneticist and biologist (b. 1900)

1977- Michio Nishizawa -Japanese baseball player and manager (b. 1921)

1980- Alexei Kosygin -Russian soldier and politician (b. 1904)

1980- Gabrielle Robinne -French actress (b. 1886)

1982- Hans-Ulrich Rudel -German colonel and pilot (b. 1916)

1984- Aris Maliagros -Greek actor and tenor (b. 1895)

1985- Xuân Diệu -Vietnamese poet (b. 1916)

1987- Conny Plank -German keyboard player and producer (Moebius & Plank and Cluster (band)|Cluster) (b. 1940)

1990- Anne Revere -American actress (b. 1903)

1990- Paul Tortelier -French cellist and composer (b. 1914)

1991- George Abecassis -English race car driver (b. 1913)

1992- Mark Goodson -American game show producer, created ''Family Feud'' and ''The Price Is Right (U.S. game show)|The Price Is Right'' (b. 1915)

1993- Sam Wanamaker -American-English actor, director, and producer (b. 1919)

1994- Roger Apéry -Greek-French mathematician and academic (b. 1916)

1995- Brian Brockless -English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1926)

1995- Ross Thomas (author)|Ross Thomas -American author (b. 1926)

1995- Konrad Zuse -German engineer, designed the Z3 (computer)|Z3 computer (b. 1910)

1996- Yulii Borisovich Khariton -Russian physicist (b. 1904)

1997- Chris Farley -American comedian and actor (b. 1964)

1998- Lev Dyomin -Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1926)

1999- Robert Bresson -French director and screenwriter (b. 1901)

2000- Stan Fox -American race car driver (b. 1952)

2000- Randolph Apperson Hearst -American businessman (b. 1915)

2000- Kirsty MacColl -English singer-songwriter (b. 1959)

2001- Gilbert Bécaud -French singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1927)

2001- Dimitris Dragatakis -Greek violinist and composer (b. 1914)

2001- Marcel Mule -French saxophonist (b. 1901)

2002- Ray Hnatyshyn -Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Governor General of Canada (b. 1934)

2002- Wayne Owens -American lawyer and politician (b. 1937)

2004- Anthony Sampson -English journalist and author (b. 1926)

2005- Alan Voorhees -American engineer and urban planner (b. 1922)

2006- Joseph Barbera -American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (b. 1911)

2006- Ruth Bernhard -German-American photographer (b. 1905)

2006- Mike Dickin -English radio host (b. 1943)

2006- Shaukat Siddiqui -Pakistani author and activist (b. 1923)

2007- Gerald Le Dain -Canadian lawyer and judge (b. 1924)

2007- Jack Linkletter -American television host (b. 1937)

2007- William Strauss -American author and playwright (b. 1947)

2007- Alan Wagner -American businessman and critic (b. 1931)

2008- Majel Barrett -American actress and producer (b. 1932)

2008- Mark Felt -American FBI agent (b. 1913)

2010- Phil Cavarretta -American baseball player and manager (b. 1916)

2010- Jacqueline de Romilly -French philologist, author, and scholar (b. 1913)

2010- Tasso Kavadia -Greek actress (b. 1921)

2010- Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa -Italian economist and politician, List of Italian Ministers of Economy and Finances|Italian Minister of Economy and Finances (b. 1940)

2010- James Pickles -English judge and journalist (b. 1925)

2011- Václav Havel -Czech poet, playwright, and politician, 1st President of the Czech Republic (b. 1936)

2012- Koko (dog)|Koko -Australian acting dog (b. 2005)

2012- Skippy Baxter -Canadian-American figure skater (b. 1919)

2012- Leman Çıdamlı -Turkish actress (b. 1932)

2012- Georgi Kaloyanchev -Bulgarian actor (b. 1925)

2012- Ben Luján -American politician (b. 1935)

2012- Frank Macchiarola -American lawyer and academic (b. 1941)

2012- Mustafa Ould Salek -Mauritanian colonel and politician, President of Mauritania (b. 1936)

2012- Camil Samson -Canadian radio host and politician (b. 1935)

2012- George Showell -English-Welsh footballer (b. 1934)

2012- Danny Steinmann -American director and screenwriter (b. 1942)

2012- Jim Whalen -American football player (b. 1943)

2012- Marcus Worsley -English politician, Lord Lieutenant of North Yorkshire (b. 1925)

2012- Anatoliy Zayaev -Ukrainian footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1931)

2013- Ronnie Biggs -English criminal (b. 1929)

2013- Ken Hutcherson -American football player (b. 1952)

2013- Gonzalo Inzunza Inzunza -Mexican drug lord (b. 1971)

2013- Boyuk Jeddikar -Iranian footballer (b. 1929)

2013- Larry Lujack -American radio host (b. 1940)

2013- Graham Mackay (businessman)|Graham Mackay -South African businessman (b. 1949)

2013- Brunon Synak -Polish sociologist and politician (b. 1943)

2013- Paul Torday -English author (b. 1946)