This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: December-15

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

533- Vandalic War -Byzantine Empire|Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Tricamarum.

687- Pope Sergius I -is elected.

1161- Jurchen campaigns against the Song Dynasty|Jin–Song wars -Military officers conspire against Emperor Hailingwang of Jin|Emperor Hailing of the Jin Dynasty (1115–1234)|Jin Dynasty after a military defeat at the Battle of Caishi, and assassinate the emperor at his camp.

1167- Kingdom of Sicily|Sicilian -Chancellor Stephen du Perche moves the royal court to Messina to prevent a rebellion.

1256- Hulagu Khan -captures and destroys the Assassins|Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut Castle (in present-day Iran) as part of the Mongols|Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia.

1467- Stephen III of Moldavia -defeats Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, with the latter being injured thrice, at the Battle of Baia.

1778- American Revolutionary War -Kingdom of Great Britain|British and France|French fleets clash in the Battle of St. Lucia.

1791-The United States Bill of Rights -becomes law when ratified by the Virginia General Assembly.

1864- American Civil War -Battle of Nashville

1890- Hunkpapa -Lakota people|Lakota leader Sitting Bull is killed on Standing Rock Indian Reservation, leading to the Wounded Knee Massacre.

1905-The Pushkin House -is established in Saint Petersburg, Russia, to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin

1906-The London Underground -s Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway opens.

1913- Nicaragua -becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention.

1914- World War I -The Serbian Army recaptures Belgrade from the invading Austro-Hungarian Army.

1914- List of accidents and disasters by death toll#Industrial disasters|A gas explosion -at Mitsubishi Hōjō coal mine, in Kyushu, Japan, kills 687.

1917-World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Bolshevik -government and the Central Powers.

1933-The Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution -officially becomes effective, repealing the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Eighteenth Amendment that Prohibition in the United States|prohibited the sale, manufacture, and transportation of Alcoholic beverage|alcohol.

1939-'' Gone with the Wind (film)|Gone with the Wind -' receives its premiere at Loew's Grand Theatre in Atlanta|Atlanta, Georgia, United States.

1941- The Holocaust -Nazi Germany|German troops murder over 15,000 Jews at Drobytsky Yar, a ravine southeast of the city of Kharkiv, Ukraine, Soviet Union.

1942- World War II -The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign.

1943-World War II: The Battle of Arawe -begins during the New Britain Campaign.

1945- Occupation of Japan -General Douglas MacArthur orders that Shinto be abolished as the state religion of Japan.

1946-U.S.-backed Iranian troops evict the leadership of the breakaway Republic of Mahabad -putting an end to the Iran crisis of 1946.

1946-The first French India Representative Assembly election, 1946|election to the Representative Assembly of French India -was held.

1954-The Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands -is signed.

1960- Richard Paul Pavlick|Richard Pavlick -is arrested for plotting to assassinate President-elect of the United States|U.S. President-Elect John F. Kennedy.

1960-King Mahendra of Nepal -suspends the country's constitution, dissolves parliament, dismisses the cabinet, and imposes direct rule.

1961- Adolf Eichmann -is sentenced to death after being found guilty by an Judicial system of Israel|Israeli court of 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people, and membership of an outlawed organization.

1965- Project Gemini -''Gemini 6A'', crewed by Wally Schirra and Thomas P. Stafford|Thomas Stafford, is launched from Cape Canaveral|Cape Kennedy, Florida. Four orbits later, it achieves the first space rendezvous, with ''Gemini 7''.

1967-The Silver Bridge -over the Ohio River collapses, killing 46 people.

1970-Soviet spacecraft '' Venera 7 -' successfully land on Venus. It is the first successful soft List of landings on extraterrestrial bodies|landing on another planet

1970-The South Korea -ferry ''Namyong Ho'' capsizes in the Korea Strait, killing over 300 people.

1973- John Paul Getty III -grandson of American billionaire J. Paul Getty, is found alive near Naples, Italy, after being kidnapped by an Italian gang on July 10.

1973-The American Psychiatric Association -votes 13–0 to remove homosexuality from its official list of Mental disorder|psychiatric disorders, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders|DSM-II.

1976- Samoa|Western Samoa -becomes a member of the United Nations.

1976-The oil tanker {{MV|Argo Merchant}} runs aground near Nantucket -Massachusetts, causing one of the worst marine oil spills in history.

1978-U.S. President Jimmy Carter -announces that the United States will Chinese-U.S. relations|recognize the People's Republic of China and Taiwan–United States relations|sever diplomatic relations with Taiwan

1981-A 1981 Iraqi embassy bombing|suicide car bombing targeting the Iraqi embassy -in Beirut, Lebanon, levels the embassy and kills 61 people, including Iraq's ambassador to Lebanon. The attack is considered the first modern Suicide attack|suicide bombing.

1993- The Troubles -The Downing Street Declaration is issued by British Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|Prime Minister John Major and Irish Taoiseach Albert Reynolds.

1994- Palau -becomes a member of the United Nations.

1997- Tupolev Tu-154#Incidents and accidents|Tajikistan Airlines Flight 3183 -crashes in the desert near Sharjah (emirate)|Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, killing 85.

2000-The third reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant -is shut down.

2001-The Leaning Tower of Pisa -reopens after 11 years and $27,000,000 spent to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean.

2005-Introduction of the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor -into United States Air Force|USAF active service.

2006-First flight of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II -

2009- Boeing -s new Boeing 787 Dreamliner|787 Dreamliner makes its maiden flight from Seattle|Seattle, Washington.

2010-A boat carrying 90 Refugee#Asylum seekers|asylum seeker -2010 Christmas Island boat disaster|crashes into rocks off the coast of Christmas Island, Australia, killing 48 people.