This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: August-4

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

70-The Siege of Jerusalem (70)|destruction of the Second Temple -in Jerusalem by the Roman Empire|Romans.

367- Gratian -son of Roman emperor|Roman Emperor Valentinian I, is named co-Augustus (honorific)|Augustus by his father and associated to the throne aged eight.

598- Goguryeo-Sui War#Course of the war|Goguryeo-Sui War -Emperor Emperor Wen of Sui|Wéndi of Sui Dynasty|Sui orders his youngest son, Yang Liang (assisted by the co-prime minister Gao Jiong), to conquer Goguryeo (Three Kingdoms of Korea|Korea) during the Manchurian rainy season, with a Chinese army and navy.

1265- Second Barons' War -Battle of Evesham

1327- First War of Scottish Independence -James Douglas, Lord of Douglas|James Douglas Battle of Stanhope Park|leads a raid into Weardale and almost kills Edward III of England.

1532-The Duchy of Brittany -is Union of Brittany and France|united to the Kingdom of France.

1578- Battle of Alcácer Quibir|Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir -The Moroccan people|Moroccans defeat the Portugal|Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed in the battle, leaving his elderly uncle, Henry, King of Portugal|Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal.

1693-Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Pérignon (monk)|Dom Perignon -s invention of Champagne, although he actually did not have anything to do with sparkling wine.

1704- War of the Spanish Succession -Gibraltar is captured by an England|English and Netherlands|Dutch fleet, commanded by Admiral Sir George Rooke and allied with Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor|Archduke Charles.

1783- Mount Asama -erupts in Japan, killing about 1,400 people. The eruption causes a famine, which results in an additional 20,000 deaths.

1789-In France -members of the National Constituent Assembly take an oath to end feudalism and abandon their Law of Privilege|privileges.

1790-A newly passed tariff -act creates the ''United States Revenue Cutter Service|Revenue Cutter Service'' (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).

1791-The Treaty of Sistova -is signed, ending the Ottoman–Habsburg wars.

1796- French Revolutionary Wars -Napoleon leads the Army of Italy (France)|French Army of Italy to victory in the Battle of Lonato.

1821-Atkinson & Alexander publish '' The Saturday Evening Post -' for the first time as a weekly newspaper.

1824-The Battle of Kos -is fought between Ottoman Empire|Turkish and Greece|Greek forces.

1854-The Flag of Japan|Hinomaru -is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.

1863- Matica slovenská -Slovakia's public-law cultural and scientific institution focusing on topics around the Slovaks|Slovak nation, is established in Martin, Slovakia|Martin.

1873- American Indian Wars -While protecting a Rail transport|railroad survey party in Montana, the 7th Cavalry Regiment (United States)|United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant colonel (United States)|Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer clashes for the first time with the Cheyenne people|Cheyenne and Lakota people near the Tongue River (Montana)|Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed.

1892-The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden -are found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.

1902-The Greenwich foot tunnel -under the River Thames opens.

1906- Central railway station, Sydney -opens.

1914- World War I -Germany invades Belgium. In response, Belgium and the United Kingdom declare war on Germany. The United States declares its Neutrality (international relations)|neutrality.

1915-World War I: The 12th Army (German Empire)|German 12th Army -occupies Warsaw during the Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive and the Great Retreat (Russian)|Great Retreat of 1915.

1924- Diplomacy#Diplomatic relations|Diplomatic relations -between Mexico and the Soviet Union are established.

1936- List of Prime Ministers of Greece|Prime Minister of Greece -Ioannis Metaxas suspends Hellenic Parliament|parliament and the Constitution of Greece|Constitution and establishes the 4th of August Regime.

1944- The Holocaust -A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse, where they find and arrest Jews|Jewish Diary|diarist Anne Frank, her family, and four others.

1946-An 1946 Dominican Republic earthquake|earthquake of magnitude 8.0 -hits northern Dominican Republic. One hundred are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.

1947-The Supreme Court of Japan -is established.

1958-The Billboard Hot 100|''Billboard'' Hot 100 -is published for the first time.

1964- African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968)|American civil rights movement -Civil and political rights|Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney are found dead in Mississippi after disappearing on June 21.

1964- Gulf of Tonkin incident -U.S. destroyers {{USS|Maddox|DD-731|6}} and {{USS|Turner Joy|DD-951|6}} report coming under attack in the Gulf of Tonkin.

1965-The Politics of the Cook Islands#Constitution|Constitution of Cook Islands -comes into force, giving the Cook Islands self-governing status within New Zealand.

1969- Vietnam War -At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, American representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually fail.

1974-A Italicus Express bombing 1974|bomb -explodes in the ''Italicus Express'' train at San Benedetto Val di Sambro, Italy, killing 12 people and wounding 22.

1975-The Japanese Red Army -takes 1975 AIA building hostage crisis|more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages include the U.S. consul and the Sweden|Swedish Chargé d'affaires. The gunmen win the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi#Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)|Libya.

1977- President of the United States|U.S. President -Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.

1984-The Republic of Upper Volta -changes its name to Burkina Faso.

1987-The Federal Communications Commission -rescinds the Fairness Doctrine which had required radio and television stations to present controversial issues "fairly".

1991-The Greek cruise ship {{Ship|MTS|Oceanos}} sinks off the Eastern Cape|Wild Coast -of South Africa.

1993-A federal judge -sentences Los Angeles Police Department Police officer|officers Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell to 30 months in prison for violating Driving|motorist Rodney King's Civil and political rights|civil rights.

1995- Operation Storm -begins in Croatia.

2002- Soham murders -Ten-year-old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom.

2005- Prime Minister of Canada|Prime Minister -Paul Martin announces that Michaëlle Jean will be Canada's 27th Governor General of Canada|Governor General.

2006-A 2006 Trincomalee massacre of NGO workers|massacre -is carried out by Sri Lankan government forces, killing 17 employees of the French International nongovernmental organization|INGO Action Against Hunger (known internationally as Action Contre la Faim, or ACF).

2007- NASA -s ''Phoenix (spacecraft)|Phoenix'' spaceship is launched.

Famous Birthdays

1222- Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester -English soldier (d. 1262)

1290- Leopold I, Duke of Austria -(d. 1326)

1521- Pope Urban VII -(d. 1590)

1604- François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac -French cleric and author (d. 1676)

1701- Thomas Blackwell (scholar)|Thomas Blackwell -Scottish historian and scholar (d. 1757)

1719- Johann Gottlob Lehmann (scientist)|Johann Gottlob Lehmann -German mineralogist and geologist (d. 1767)

1721- Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford -English politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1803)

1755- Nicolas-Jacques Conté -French soldier and painter (d. 1805)

1792- Percy Bysshe Shelley -English author, poet, and playwright (d. 1822)

1805- William Rowan Hamilton -Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1865)

1821- Louis Vuitton (designer)|Louis Vuitton -French fashion designer, founded Louis Vuitton (d. 1892)

1821- James Springer White -American religious leader, co-founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church (d. 1881)

1834- John Venn -English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1923)

1839- Walter Pater -English author, critic, and academic (d. 1894)

1844- Henri Berger -German composer and bandleader (d. 1929)

1859- Knut Hamsun -Norwegian author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1952)

1865- Gus Kempis -South African cricketer (d. 1890)

1867- Jake Beckley -American baseball player and coach (d. 1918)

1870- Harry Lauder -Scottish actor and singer (d. 1950)

1876- Giovanni Giuriati -Italian lawyer and politician (d. 1970)

1884- Béla Balázs -Hungarian poet and critic (d. 1949)

1884- Henri Cornet -French cyclist (d. 1941)

1887- Albert M. Greenfield -Ukrainian-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1967)

1888- Taher Saifuddin -Indian religious leader, 51st Da'i al-Mutlaq (d. 1965)

1890- Dolf Luque -Cuban baseball player and manager (d. 1957)

1891- Margit Makay -Hungarian actress (d. 1989)

1893- Fritz Gause -German historian and curator (d. 1973)

1899- Ezra Taft Benson -American religious leader, 13th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1994)

1900- Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother -of the United Kingdom (d. 2002)

1901- Louis Armstrong -American trumpet player and singer (d. 1971)

1901- Clarence Passailaigue -Jamaican cricketer (d. 1972)

1902- Bill Hallahan -American baseball player (d. 1981)

1904- Witold Gombrowicz -Polish author and playwright (d. 1969)

1904- Helen Kane -American singer and actress (d. 1966)

1904- Joe Tate -English footballer and manager (d. 1973)

1906- Marie José of Belgium -(d. 2001)

1906- Eugen Schuhmacher -German zoologist, director, and producer (d. 1973)

1908- Kurt Eichhorn -German conductor (d. 1994)

1909- Glenn Cunningham (athlete)|Glenn Cunningham -American runner (d. 1988)

1909- Saunders Mac Lane -American mathematician and academic (d. 2005)

1910- Anita Page -American actress and singer (d. 2008)

1910- William Schuman -American composer and educator (d. 1992)

1910- Hedda Sterne -Romanian-American painter and photographer (d. 2011)

1912- Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov -Russian mathematician, physicist, and mountaineer (d. 1999)

1912- David Raksin -American composer and educator (d. 2004)

1912- Raoul Wallenberg -Swedish architect and diplomat (d. 1947)

1913- Robert Hayden -American poet and educator (d. 1980)

1913- Johann Niemann -German SS officer (d. 1943)

1915- Warren Avis -American businessman, founded Avis Rent a Car System (d. 2007)

1917- John Fitch (racing driver)|John Fitch -American race car driver (d. 2012)

1918- Brian Crozier -Australian-English historian and journalist (d. 2012)

1918- Iceberg Slim -American author (d. 1992)

1919- Michel Déon -French author, playwright, and critic

1920- Helen Thomas -American journalist and author (d. 2013)

1921- Herb Ellis -American guitarist (d. 2010)

1921- Maurice Richard -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2000)

1922- Luis Aponte Martínez -Puerto Rican cardinal (d. 2012)

1923- Reg Grundy -Australian television producer

1926- George Irving Bell -American physicist, biologist, and mountaineer (d. 2000)

1926- Perry Moss -American football player and coach (d. 2014)

1927- Jess Thomas -American tenor (d. 1993)

1928- Christian Goethals -Belgian race car driver (d. 2003)

1928- Gerard Damiano -American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1929- Kishore Kumar -Indian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1987)

1930- Ali al-Sistani -Iranian-Iraqi cleric and scholar

1931- Naren Tamhane -Indian cricketer (d. 2002)

1932- Liang Congjie -Chinese environmentalist, founded Friends of Nature (China)|Friends of Nature (d. 2010)

1934- Dallas Green (baseball)|Dallas Green -American baseball player and manager

1934- Allan Murdmaa -Estonian architect (d. 2009)

1935- Carol Arthur -American actress and producer

1935- Hans-Walter Eigenbrodt -German footballer and coach (d. 1997)

1935- Michael J. Noonan (Fianna Fáil)|Michael J. Noonan -Irish farmer and politician, 25th Minister for Defence (Ireland)|Minister of Defence for Ireland (d. 2013)

1936- Giorgos Zographos -Greek singer and actor (d. 2005)

1937- David Bedford -English keyboard player, composer, and conductor (d. 2011)

1938- Ellen Schrecker -American historian and educator

1939- Jack Cunningham, Baron Cunningham of Felling -English politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office

1939- Frank Vincent -American actor and producer

1940- Robin Harper -Scottish academic and politician

1940- Larry Knechtel -American bass player (Bread (band)|Bread and The Wrecking Crew (music)|The Wrecking Crew) (d. 2009)

1940- Frances Stewart -English economist and academic

1940- Timi Yuro -American singer-songwriter (d. 2004)

1941- Martin Jarvis (actor)|Martin Jarvis -English actor

1941- Ted Strickland -American psychologist and politician, 68th Governor of Ohio

1942- Don S. Davis -American actor and painter (d. 2008)

1942- Cleon Jones -American baseball player

1942- David Lange -New Zealand lawyer and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 2005)

1943- Vicente Álvarez Areces -Spanish politician, 6th President of the Principality of Asturias

1943- Georgina Hale -English actress and singer

1943- Bjørn Wirkola -Norwegian ski jumper and footballer

1944- Amjad Islam Amjad -Pakistani poet, screenwriter, and songwriter

1944- Richard Belzer -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1944- Doudou Ndoye -Senegalese lawyer and politician

1945- Alan Mulally -American engineer and businessman

1946- Maureen Starkey Tigrett -English-American hairdresser (d. 1994)

1946- Aleksei Turovski -Estonian zoologist and ethologist

1947- Klaus Schulze -German keyboard player and songwriter (Tangerine Dream, Ash Ra Tempel, and Cosmic Jokers)

1948- Johnny Grubb -American baseball player and coach

1949- John Riggins -American football player, sportscaster, and actor

1950- Caldwell Jones -American basketball player (d. 2014)

1951- Peter Goodfellow -English geneticist and academic

1952- James Arbuthnot -English politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills

1952- Moya Brennan -Irish singer-songwriter and harp player (Clannad and T with the Maggies)

1952- Gábor Demszky -Hungarian lawyer and politician

1953- Joanie Spina -American magician, dancer, and choreographer (d. 2014)

1953- Vini Reilly -English guitarist (The Durutti Column and The Invisible Girls)

1953- Hiroyuki Usui -Japanese footballer and manager

1954- Anatoliy Kinakh -Ukrainian engineer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Ukraine

1954- François Valéry -Algerian-French singer-songwriter

1955- Alberto Gonzales -American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 80th United States Attorney General

1955- Dariusz Lipiński -Polish politician

1955- Billy Bob Thornton -American actor, singer, director, and screenwriter (The Boxmasters)

1956- Gerry Cooney -American boxer

1957- Brooks D. Simpson -American historian and author

1957- Valdis Valters -Latvian basketball player and coach

1957- John Wark -Scottish footballer

1958- Ian Broudie -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Lightning Seeds, Big in Japan (band)|Big in Japan, and Care (band)|Care)

1958- Allison Hedge Coke -American-Canadian poet and academic

1958- Mary Decker -American runner

1958- Kym Karath -American actress and singer

1958- Silvan Shalom -Tunisian-Israeli sergeant and politician, 30th Deputy leaders of Israel|Deputy Prime Minister of Israel

1959- Robbin Crosby -American guitarist and songwriter (Ratt) (d. 2002)

1959- John Gormley -Irish politician, Lord Mayor of Dublin

1960- Chuck C. Lopez -American jockey

1960- Dean Malenko -American wrestler

1960- José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero -Spanish politician, 5th Prime Minister of Spain

1960- Bernard Rose (director)|Bernard Rose -English director, screenwriter, and cinematographer

1960- Tim Winton -Australian author

1961- Eddie James -American murderer and sex offender

1961- Barack Obama -American lawyer and politician, 44th President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate

1961- Peter Reichert -German footballer

1961- Lauren Tom -American actress and singer

1962- Roger Clemens -American baseball player and actor

1962- Paul Reynolds (musician)|Paul Reynolds -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (A Flock of Seagulls)

1964- Andrew Bartlett -Australian politician

1964- Gary King (radio)|Gary King -English radio host

1964- Anna Sui -American fashion designer

1965- Adam Afriyie -English politician

1965- Terri Lyne Carrington -American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer

1965- Crystal Chappell -American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter

1965- Dennis Lehane -American author, screenwriter, and producer

1965- Wayne Pacelle -American humanitarian and author

1965- Fredrik Reinfeldt -Swedish politician, 42nd Prime Minister of Sweden

1965- Michael Skibbe -German footballer and manager

1965- James Tupper -Canadian actor

1966- Kensuke Sasaki -Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist

1967- Timothy Adams (actor)|Timothy Adams -American model and actor

1967- Michael Marsh (athlete)|Michael Marsh -American sprinter

1968- Daniel Dae Kim -South Korean-American actor

1968- Lee Mack -English comedian and actor

1968- Marcus Schenkenberg -Swedish model and actor

1969- Mark Bickley -Australian footballer and coach

1969- Max Cavalera -Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Sepultura, Soulfly, Nailbomb, and Cavalera Conspiracy)

1969- Michael DeLuise -American actor, director, and producer

1969- Vlad Ivanov -Romanian actor

1969- Troy O'Leary -American baseball player

1970- John August -American director and screenwriter

1970- Bret Baier -American journalist

1970- Steve House -American mountaineer

1970- Steven Jack -South African cricketer

1970- Ron Lester -American actor

1970- Kate Silverton -English journalist

1971- Jeff Gordon -American race car driver and actor

1972- Stefan Brogren -Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1973- Eva Amaral -Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Amaral (band)|Amaral)

1973- Xavier Marchand -French swimmer

1973- Marek Penksa -Slovak footballer

1973- Marcos Roberto Silveira Reis -Brazilian footballer

1974- Kily González -Argentinian footballer

1974- Keenan Milton -American skateboarder (d. 2001)

1975- Andy Hallett -American actor and singer (d. 2009)

1975- Nikos Liberopoulos -Greek footballer

1975- Joe Saenz -American gangster

1975- Jutta Urpilainen -Finnish politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Finland

1975- Daniella van Graas -Dutch model and actress

1976- Andrew McLeod -Australian footballer

1976- Trevor Woodman -English rugby player

1977- Kazarian (wrestler)|Kazarian -American wrestler

1977- Luís Boa Morte -Portuguese footballer

1978- Jeremy Adduono -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1978- Luke Allen -American baseball player

1978- Victor Marius Beliciu -Romanian sitar player

1978- Kurt Busch -American race car driver

1978- Mick Cain -American actor

1978- Agnė Eggerth -Lithuanian sprinter

1978- Ibán Espadas -Spanish footballer

1978- Shaunard Harts -American football player

1978- Satoshi Hino -American-Japanese voice actor

1978- Benet Kaci -Kosovan journalist and singer

1978- Jon Knott -American baseball player

1978- Karine Legault -Canadian swimmer

1978- Duane Ludwig -American mixed martial artist and kick-boxer

1978- Sandeep Naik -Indian politician

1978- Danish Nawaz -Pakistani actor and director

1978- Siri Nordby -Norwegian footballer

1978- JD Samson -American DJ and producer (Le Tigre, MEN (band)|MEN, and The New England Roses)

1978- Ricardo Serrano -Spanish cyclist

1978- Per-Åge Skrøder -Norwegian ice hockey player

1978- Michail Stifunin -Russian ice dancer

1979- Robin Peterson -South African cricketer

1980- Richard Dawson (cricketer)|Richard Dawson -English cricketer and coach

1981- Erica Carlson -Swedish actress

1981- Marques Houston -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (IMx)

1981- Jana Kolukanova -Estonian swimmer

1981- Meghan Markle -American model and actress

1981- Ben Scott -English cricketer

1981- Abigail Spencer -American actress

1982- Rubinho (footballer)|Rubinho -Brazilian footballer

1983- Greta Gerwig -American actress and screenwriter

1983- Nathaniel Buzolic -Australian actor

1984- Mardy Collins -American basketball player

1985- Crystal Bowersox -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1985- Robbie Findley -American soccer player

1985- Kina Grannis -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1985- Mark Milligan -Australian footballer

1985- Ha Seung-Jin -South Korean basketball player

1985- Antonio Valencia -Ecuadorean footballer

1986- Cicinho (footballer born 1986)|Cicinho -Brazilian footballer

1986- Nick Augusto -American drummer (Trivium (band)|Trivium)

1986- Leon Camier -English motorcycle racer

1987- Jang Keun-suk -South Korean actor and singer

1987- Phil Younghusband -English–Filipino footballer

1987- Marreese Speights -American basketball player

1988- Carly Foulkes -Canadian model and actress

1988- Tom Parker (singer)|Tom Parker -English singer (The Wanted)

1989- Wang Hao (chess player)|Wang Hao -Chinese chess player

1989- Jessica Mauboy -Australian singer-songwriter and actress (Young Divas)

1990- Siim Tenno -Estonian footballer

1991- Thiago Cardoso -Brazilian footballer

1991- Lucinda Dryzek -English actress

1991- Izet Hajrović -Bosnian footballer

1991- River Viiperi -Spanish model

1992- Tiffany Evans -American singer and actress

1992- Yvonne Neuwirth -Austrian tennis player

1992- Dylan and Cole Sprouse|Cole Sprouse -Italian-American actor

1992- Dylan and Cole Sprouse|Dylan Sprouse -Italian-American actor

1993- Saido Berahino -Burundian-English footballer

1994- Mayuko Fukuda -Japanese actress

1995- Bruna Marquezine -Brazilian actress

1995- Jessica Sanchez -American singer-songwriter

2001- Seishiro Kato -Japanese actor

History of Deaths

966- Berengar II of Italy -(b. 900)

1060- Henry I of France -(b. 1008)

1113- Gertrude of Saxony -(b. 1030)

1265-Killed in the Battle of Evesham -

1306- Wenceslaus III of Bohemia -(b. 1289)

1430- Philip I, Duke of Brabant -(b. 1404)

1526- Juan Sebastián Elcano -Spanish explorer and navigator (b. 1476)

1578- Sebastian of Portugal -(b. 1554)

1578- Thomas Stukley -English mercenary (b. 1520)

1598- William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley -English politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1520)

1612- Hugh Broughton -English scholar and theologian (b. 1549)

1639- Juan Ruiz de Alarcón -Mexican actor and playwright (b. 1581)

1718- René Lepage de Sainte-Claire -French-Canadian founder of Rimouski (b. 1656)

1727- Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie -French general (b. 1647)

1741- Andrew Hamilton (lawyer)|Andrew Hamilton -Scottish-American lawyer and politician (b. 1676)

1778- Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal -Canadian-French politician, Governor General of New France (b. 1698)

1792- John Burgoyne -English general and politician (b. 1723)

1795- Timothy Ruggles -American lawyer, jurist, and politician (b. 1711)

1804- Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan -Scottish admiral (b. 1731)

1822- Kristjan Jaak Peterson -Estonian poet (b. 1801)

1844- Jacob Aall -Norwegian economist, historian, and politician (b. 1773)

1849- Anita Garibaldi -Brazilian wife of Giuseppe Garibaldi (b. 1821)

1859- John Vianney -French priest and saint (b. 1786)

1873- Viktor Hartmann -Russian painter (b. 1834)

1875- Hans Christian Andersen -Danish author and poet (b. 1805)

1886- Samuel J. Tilden -American lawyer and politician, 25th Governor of New York (b. 1814)

1900- Isaac Levitan -Russian architect and painter (b. 1860)

1914- Jules Lemaître -French playwright and critic (b. 1853)

1919- Dave Gregory (cricketer)|Dave Gregory -Australian cricketer and umpire (b. 1845)

1922- Enver Pasha -Ottoman general (b. 1881)

1938- Pearl White -American actress (b. 1889)

1940- Ze'ev Jabotinsky -Ukrainian-American general, journalist, and activist (b. 1880)

1941- Mihály Babits -Hungarian poet and author (b. 1883)

1942- Alberto Franchetti -Italian composer and educator (b. 1860)

1957- Washington Luís -Brazilian lawyer and politician, 13th President of Brazil (b. 1869)

1958- Ethel Anderson -Australian poet, author, and painter (b. 1883)

1959- József Révai -Hungarian politician, Minister of Education of Hungary (b. 1898)

1967- Peter Smith (cricketer)|Peter Smith -English cricketer (b. 1908)

1976- Enrique Angelelli -Argentinian bishop (b. 1923)

1976- Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet -Canadian-English publisher (b. 1894)

1977- Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian -English physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)

1981- Melvyn Douglas -American actor and singer (b. 1901)

1982- Bruce Goff -American architect, designed the Boston Avenue Methodist Church (b. 1904)

1985- Don Whillans -English mountaineer (b. 1933)

1989- Franziska Liebing -Swedish-German actress (d. 1901)

1991- Don DaGradi -American animator and screenwriter (b. 1911)

1991- Nikiforos Vrettakos -Greek author and poet (b. 1912)

1992- Seichō Matsumoto -Japanese author (b. 1909)

1993- Bernard Barrow -American actor (b. 1927)

1996- Geoff Hamilton -English gardener, author, and television host (b. 1936)

1997- Jeanne Calment -French super-centenarian (b. 1875)

1998- Yury Artyukhin -Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1930)

1999- Victor Mature -American actor and singer (b. 1913)

2000- Leslie Glass (adult model)|Leslie Glass -American porn actress and model (b. 1963)

2001- Lorenzo Music -American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)

2003- Frederick Chapman Robbins -American pediatrician and virologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)

2005- Anatoly Larkin -Russian-American physicist and theorist (b. 1932)

2005- Iván Szabó -Hungarian economist and politician, Minister of Finance of Hungary (b. 1934)

2007- Lee Hazlewood -American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1929)

2007- Raul Hilberg -Austrian-American political scientist and historian (b. 1926)

2008- Craig Jones (motorcycle racer)|Craig Jones -English motorcycle racer (b. 1985)

2009- Blake Snyder -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1957)

2011- Death of Mark Duggan|Mark Duggan -English shooting victim (b. 1982)

2011- Naoki Matsuda -Japanese footballer (b. 1977)

2012- Johnnie Bassett -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1935)

2012- Brian Crozier -Australian-English journalist and historian (b. 1918)

2012- Metin Erksan -Turkish director and screenwriter (b. 1929)

2012- Con Houlihan -Irish journalist (b. 1925)

2012- Bud Riley -American football player and coach (b. 1925)

2013- Keith H. Basso -American anthropologist and academic (b. 1940)

2013- Art Donovan -American football player and radio host (b. 1925)

2013- Dominick Harrod -English journalist (b. 1940)

2013- Olavi J. Mattila -Finnish politician, Minister for Foreign Affairs (Finland)|Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1918)

2013- Renato Ruggiero -Italian politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1930)

2013- Tony Snell (RAF officer)|Tony Snell -English lieutenant and pilot (b. 1922)

2013- Billy Ward (boxer)|Billy Ward -Australian boxer (b. 1993)

2013- Sandy Woodward -English admiral (b. 1932)

2013- Tim Wright (bassist)|Tim Wright -American bass player (Pere Ubu and DNA (No Wave band)|DNA) (b. 1950)

2014- James Brady -American activist and politician, 15th White House Press Secretary (b. 1940)

2014- Rich Ceisler -American comedian and author (b. 1955)

2014- Chester Crandell -American politician (b. 1946)

2014- Jake Hooker (musician)|Jake Hooker -Israeli-American guitarist and songwriter (Arrows (British band)|Arrows) (b. 1953)

2014- Walter Massey (actor)|Walter Massey -Canadian actor (b. 1928)