This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: August-16

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

1 BC- Wang Mang -consolidates his power and is declared marshal of state. Emperor Ai of Han, who died the day prior, had no heirs.

1328-The House of Gonzaga -seizes power in the Duchy of Mantua, and will rule until 1708.

1513- Battle of Guinegate (1513)|Battle of Guinegate -(Battle of the Spurs): King Henry VIII of England and his Holy Roman Empire|Imperial allies defeat French Forces who are then forced to retreat.

1777- American Revolutionary War -The Americans led by General John Stark rout British and Duchy of Brunswick|Brunswick troops under Friedrich Baum at the Battle of Bennington in Walloomsac, New York.

1780-American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden -The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina.

1792- Maximilien de Robespierre -presents the petition of the Paris Commune (French Revolution)|Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly (France)|Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a Revolutionary Tribunal|revolutionary tribunal.

1793- French Revolution -A levée en masse is decreed by the National Convention.

1812- War of 1812 -American General William Hull surrenders Fort Shelby (Michigan)|Fort Detroit Siege of Detroit|without a fight to the British Army.

1819- Peterloo Massacre -Seventeen people die and over 600 are injured in cavalry charges at a public meeting at St. Peter's Field, Manchester, England.

1841-U.S. President John Tyler -vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party (United States)|Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.

1858-U.S. President James Buchanan -inaugurates the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal forces a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.

1859-The Tuscan National Assembly formally deposes the House of Lorraine|House of Habsburg-Lorraine -

1863-The Dominican Restoration War -begins when Gregorio Luperón raises the Flag of the Dominican Republic|Dominican flag in Santo Domingo after Spain had recolonized the country.

1869- Battle of Acosta Ñu -A Paraguayan battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the Paraguayan War.

1870- Franco-Prussian War -The Battle of Mars-la-Tour is fought, resulting in a Kingdom of Prussia|Prussian victory.

1891-The Basilica of San Sebastian, Manila|Basilica of San Sebastian -in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.

1896- Keish|Skookum Jim Mason -George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.

1900-The Battle of Elands River (1900)|Battle of Elands River -during the Second Boer War ends after a 13-day siege is lifted by the British. The battle had begun when a force of between 2,000 and 3,000 Boers had surrounded a force of 500 Australians, Rhodesians, Canadians and British soldiers at a supply dump at Brakfontein Drift.

1906-An estimated 1906 Valparaíso earthquake|8.2 MW earthquake -hits Valparaíso, Chile, killing 3,886 people.

1913-Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University -becomes the first university in Japan to admit female students.

1913-Completion of the Royal Navy -battlecruiser {{HMS|Queen Mary}}.

1920- Ray Chapman -of the Cleveland Indians is hit on the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. Chapman was the second player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game, the first being Doc Powers in 1909.

1920-The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara -opens. The congress would call for armed revolution.

1920- Polish–Soviet War -The Battle of Radzymin (1920)|Battle of Radzymin concludes; the Soviet Red Army is forced to turn away from Warsaw.

1927-The Dole Air Race -begins from Oakland, California, to Honolulu|Honolulu, Hawaii, during which six out of the eight participating planes crash or disappear.

1929-The 1929 Palestine riots -break out in Mandatory Palestine between Palestinian Arabs and Jews and continue until the end of the month. In total, 133 Jews and 116 Arabs are killed.

1930-The first color sound cartoon -called ''Fiddlesticks (film)|Fiddlesticks'', is made by Ub Iwerks.

1930-The first Commonwealth Games|British Empire Games -were opened in Hamilton, Ontario by the Governor General of Canada, the Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon|Viscount Willingdon.

1942- World War II -The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California.

1944-First flight of the Junkers Ju 287 -

1945-An assassination -attempt is made on Japan's prime minister, Kantarō Suzuki.

1945- Puyi -the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, is captured by Soviet Union|Soviet troops.

1945-The National Representatives' Congress, the precursor of the current National Assembly of Vietnam -convenes in Sơn Dương.

1946- Direct Action Day|Mass riots -in Kolkata begin, in which more than 4,000 would be killed in 72 hours.

1946-The All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress -is founded in Secunderabad.

1954-The first issue of '' Sports Illustrated -' is published.

1960- Cyprus -gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1960- Joseph Kittinger -parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at {{convert|102800|ft|m}}, setting three records that held until 2012: High-altitude jump, free fall, and highest speed by a human with