This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: August-15

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

636- Arab–Byzantine wars -The Battle of Yarmouk between Byzantine Empire and Rashidun Caliphate begins.

717-Arab–Byzantine wars: Maslamah ibn Abd al-Malik -begins the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople, which will last for nearly a year.

718-Arab–Byzantine wars: Raising of the Siege of Constantinople (717–18)|Second Arab Siege of Constantinople -

747- Carloman (mayor of the palace)|Carloman -mayor of the palace of Austrasia, renounces his position as ''majordomo'' and retires to a monastery near Rome. His brother Pepin the Short becomes the sole ruler (''de facto'') of the Francia|Frankish Kingdom.

778-The Battle of Roncevaux Pass (778)|Battle of Roncevaux Pass -at which Roland is killed.

927-The Saracen -conquer and destroy Taranto.

982- Holy Roman Emperor -Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor|Otto II is defeated by the Saracens in the Battle of Capo Colonna, in Calabria

1018-Byzantine general Eustathios Daphnomeles -blinds and captures Ivats|Ibatzes of Bulgaria by a ruse, thereby ending Bulgarian resistance against Emperor Basil II's Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria|conquest of Bulgaria.

1040-King Duncan I of Scotland|Duncan I -is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth, King of Scotland|Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as List of Scottish monarchs|King of Scotland.

1057-King Macbeth is killed at the Battle of Lumphanan -by the forces of Malcolm III of Scotland|Máel Coluim mac Donnchada.

1070-The Pavia --born Benedictine Lanfranc is appointed as the new Archbishop of Canterbury in Kingdom of England|England.

1185-The cave city of Vardzia -is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.

1237-The Battle of the Puig -takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Taifa of Valencia against the Kingdom of Aragon. The battle resulted in an Aragonese victory.

1248-The Cornerstone|foundation stone -of Cologne Cathedral, built to house the Shrine of the Three Kings|relics of the Biblical Magi|Three Wise Men, is laid. (Construction is eventually completed in 1880.)

1261- Michael VIII Palaiologos -is crowned List of Byzantine emperors|Byzantine emperor in Constantinople.

1281- Mongol invasions of Japan|Mongol invasion of Japan -The Mongol Empire|Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a "kamikaze (typhoon)|divine wind" for the second time in the Battle of Kōan.

1309- Rhodes (city)|The city of Rhodes -surrenders to the forces of the Knights Hospitaller|Knights of St. John, completing their conquest of Rhodes. The knights establish their headquarters on the island and rename themselves the Knights Hospitaller|Knights of Rhodes.

1430- Francesco I Sforza|Francesco Sforza -lord of Milan, conquers Lucca.

1461-The Empire of Trebizond -surrenders to the forces of Sultan Mehmed II. This is regarded by some historians as the real end of the Byzantine Empire. Emperor David of Trebizond|David is exiled and later murdered.

1483- Pope Sixtus IV -consecrates the Sistine Chapel.

1511- Afonso de Albuquerque -of Kingdom of Portugal|Portugal Capture of Malacca (1511)|conquers Malacca, the capital of the Malacca Sultanate.

1517-Seven Portuguese armed Watercraft|vessels -led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet China|Chinese officials at the Pearl River Delta|Pearl River estuary.

1519- Panama City -Panama, is founded.

1534- Ignatius of Loyola -and six classmates take initial vows, leading to the creation of the Society of Jesus in September 1540.

1537- Asunción -Paraguay, is founded.

1540- Arequipa -Peru, is founded.

1549- Society of Jesus|Jesuit -priest Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese calendar|Japanese date: July 22, 1549).

1599- Nine Years' War (Ireland)|Nine Years' War -Battle of Curlew Pass – Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O'Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, sent to relieve Collooney Castle.

1695- Kingdom of France|French -forces end the bombardment of Brussels, leaving a third of the buildings in the city in ruins.

1760- Seven Years' War -Battle of Liegnitz (1760)|Battle of Liegnitz – Frederick the Great's victory over the Austrians under Ernst Gideon von Laudon.

1812- War of 1812 -The Battle of Fort Dearborn is fought between United States troops and Potawatomi at what is now Chicago|Chicago, Illinois.

1824-The Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette|Marquis de Lafayette -the last surviving French general of the American Revolutionary War, arrives in New York and begins a Visit of the Marquis de Lafayette to the United States|tour of 24 states.

1843-The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace -in Honolulu|Honolulu, Hawaii is dedicated. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Catholic Church|Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.

1843- Tivoli Gardens -one of the oldest still intact amusement parks in the world, opens in Copenhagen, Denmark.

1863-The Bombardment of Kagoshima|Anglo-Satsuma War -begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese calendar|Japanese date: July 2, 1863).

1869-The Government of Meiji Japan|Meiji government -in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.

1893- Ibadan -area becomes a British Protectorate after a treaty signed by Fijabi, the Olubadan|Baale of Ibadan with the British acting Governor of Lagos Colony|Lagos, George C. Denton.

1907-Ordination in Constantinople of Fr. Raphael Morgan -the first African-American Eastern Orthodox Church|Orthodox priest, "Priest-Apostolic" to America and the West Indies.

1914-A male servant of American architect -Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the latter's Wisconsin home, Taliesin (studio)|Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

1914-The Panama Canal -opens to traffic with the transit of the cargo ship {{SS|Ancon}}.

1914- World War I -The 1st Army (Russian Empire)|First Russian Army, led by Paul von Rennenkampf, enters East Prussia.

1914-World War I: Beginning of the Battle of Cer -the first Allies of World War I|Allied victory of World War I.

1915-A story in '' New York World -' newspaper reveals that the German Empire|Imperial German government had purchased excess phenol from Thomas Edison that could be used to make explosives for the war effort and Great Phenol Plot|diverted it to Bayer for aspirin production.

1920- Polish–Soviet War -Battle of Warsaw (1920)|Battle of Warsaw, so-called Miracle at the Vistula.

1935- Will Rogers -and Wiley Post are killed after their aircraft develops engine problems during takeoff in Barrow, Alaska.

1939-Thirteen Junkers Ju 87|Stukas -dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. There are no survivors.

1939-'' The Wizard of Oz (1939 film)|The Wizard of Oz -' premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Los Angeles|Los Angeles, California.

1940-An Kingdom of Italy|Italian -submarine torpedoes and sinks the Greek cruiser Elli (1912)|Greek cruiser ''Elli'' at Tinos harbor during peacetime, marking the most serious Italian provocation prior to the outbreak of the Greco-Italian War in October.

1941-Corporal Josef Jakobs -is executed by firing squad at the Tower of London at 07:12, making him the last person to be executed at the Tower for espionage.

1942- World War II -Operation Pedestal: The {{SS|Ohio}} reaches the island of Malta barely afloat carrying vital fuel supplies for the island's defenses.

1944-World War II: Operation Dragoon -Allied forces land in southern France.

1947- India -gains Indian independence movement|Independence from the British Empire|British British Raj|Indian Empire after near 190 years of Crown rule and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.

1947-Founder of Pakistan -Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor-General of Pakistan in Karachi.

1948-The South Korea|Republic of Korea -is established south of the 38th parallel north.

1952- Lynmouth Flood|A flash flood -drenches the town of Lynmouth|Lynmouth, England, United Kingdom, killing 34 people.

1954- Alfredo Stroessner -begins his dictatorship in Paraguay.

1960- Republic of the Congo -(Brazzaville) becomes independent from French Fourth Republic|France.

1961-Border guard Conrad Schumann -flees from East Germany while on duty guarding the construction of the Berlin Wall.

1962- James Joseph Dresnok -defects to North Korea after running across the Korean Demilitarized Zone. Dresnok still resides in the capital, Pyongyang.

1963-Execution of Henry John Burnett -the last man to be hanged in Scotland.

1963-President Fulbert Youlou -is overthrown in the Republic of the Congo, after a Trois Glorieuses (1963)|three-day uprising in the capital.

1965- The Beatles -play to nearly The Beatles' 1965 US tour|60,000 fans at Shea Stadium in New York City|New York, New York, an event later regarded as the birth of arena rock|stadium rock.

1969- Woodstock -rock and roll concert opens.

1970- Patricia Palinkas -becomes the first woman to play professionally in an American football game.

1971- President of the United States|President -Richard Nixon completes the break from the gold standard by Nixon Shock|ending convertibility of the United States dollar into gold by foreign investors.

1971- Bahrain -gains Bahrain Independence Day|independence from the United Kingdom.

1973- Vietnam War -The United States bombing of Cambodia ends.

1974- Yuk Young-soo -First Lady of South Korea, is killed during an apparent assassination attempt upon President of South Korea|President, Park Chung-hee.

1975- Bangladesh -s founder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is killed along with most members of his family during a military coup.

1975- Takeo Miki -makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent Prime Minister of Japan|prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.

1977- Ohio State University Radio Observatory|The Big Ear -a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the Search for extraterrestrial intelligence|SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the "Wow! signal" from the notation made by a volunteer on the project.

1984-The Kurdistan Workers' Party -in Turkey starts a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military with an 1984 PKK attacks|attack on police and gendarmerie bases in Şemdinli and Eruh

1995-In South Carolina -Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet matriculated at The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina|The Citadel (she drops out less than a week later).

1998- Omagh bombing -in Northern Ireland, the worst terrorism|terrorist incident of The Troubles.

1999- Béni Ounif|Beni Ounif massacre -in Algeria: Some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.

2005- Israel's unilateral disengagement plan -to evict all Israelis from the Gaza Strip and from four Israeli settlement|settlements in the northern West Bank begins.

2007-An 2007 Peru earthquake|8.0-magnitude earthquake -off the Pacific coast devastates Ica Region|Ica and various regions of Peru killing 514 and injuring 1,090.

2013-At least 27 people are killed and 226 injured in an August 2013 Beirut bombing|explosion -in southern Beirut near a complex used by Lebanon's militant group Hezbollah in Lebanon. A previously unknown Syrian Sunni group claims responsibility in an online video.

2013-The Smithsonian -announces the discovery of the olinguito, the first new carnivoran species found in the Americas in 35 years.

Famous Birthdays

1171- Alfonso IX of León -(d. 1230)

1195- Anthony of Padua -Portuguese priest and saint (d. 1231)

1432- Luigi Pulci -Italian poet (d. 1484)

1575- Bartol Kašić -Croatian linguist and lexicographer (d. 1650)

1613- Gilles Ménage -French lawyer, philologist, and scholar (d. 1692)

1717- John Metcalf (civil engineer)|Blind Jack -English engineer (d. 1810)

1736- Johann Christoph Kellner -German organist and composer (d. 1803)

1740- Matthias Claudius -German poet (d. 1815)

1769- Napoleon -French general and emperor (d. 1821)

1771- Walter Scott -Scottish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1832)

1785- Thomas De Quincey -English journalist and author (d. 1859)

1798- Sangolli Rayanna -Indian warrior (d. 1831)

1813- Jules Grévy -French politician, 4th President of the French Republic (d. 1891)

1824- John Chisum -American businessman (d. 1884)

1844- Thomas-Alfred Bernier -Canadian journalist, lawyer, and politician (d. 1908)

1846- Charles Woodruff (archer)|Charles Woodruff -American archer (d. 1927)

1857- Albert Ballin -German businessman (d. 1918)

1858- E. Nesbit -English author and poet (d. 1924)

1859- Charles Comiskey -American baseball player and manager (d. 1931)

1860- Henrietta Vinton Davis -American actress and playwright (d. 1941)

1860- Florence Harding -American publisher, 31st First Lady of the United States (d. 1924)

1863- Aleksey Krylov -Russian mathematician and engineer (d. 1945)

1865- Mikao Usui -Japanese spiritual leader, founded Reiki (d. 1926)

1866- Italo Santelli -Italian fencer (d. 1945)

1872- Sri Aurobindo -Indian guru, poet, and philosopher (d. 1950)

1873- Ramaprasad Chanda -Indian archaeologist and historian (d. 1942)

1875- Samuel Coleridge-Taylor -English pianist, violinist, and composer (d. 1912)

1876- Stylianos Gonatas -Greek colonel and politician, 111th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1966)

1877- Tachiyama Mineemon -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 22nd Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (d. 1941)

1879- Ethel Barrymore -American actress (d. 1959)

1881- Alfred Wagenknecht -German-American activist (d. 1956)

1882- Marion Bauer -American composer and critic (d. 1955)

1883- Ivan Meštrović -Croatian sculptor and architect, designed the Monument to the Unknown Hero (d. 1962)

1885- Edna Ferber -American author (d. 1968)

1886- Bill Whitty -Australian cricketer (d. 1974)

1890- Elizabeth Bolden -American super-centenarian (d. 2006)

1890- Jacques Ibert -French composer (d. 1962)

1892- Louis de Broglie -French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)

1893- Leslie Comrie -New Zealand astronomer and academic (d. 1950)

1896- Gerty Cori -Czech-American biochemist and physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)

1896- Catherine Doherty -Russian-Canadian activist, founded the Madonna House Apostolate (d. 1985)

1896- Paul Outerbridge -American photographer (d. 1958)

1898- Jan Brzechwa -Polish author and poet (d. 1966)

1900- Estelle Brody -American actress (d. 1995)

1901- Pyotr Novikov -Russian mathematician and theorist (d. 1975)

1902- Jan Campert -Dutch journalist and critic (d. 1943)

1904- George Klein (inventor)|George Klein -Canadian inventor, invented the Motorized wheelchair (d. 1992)

1905- Emile St. Godard -Canadian dog sled racer (d. 1948)

1909- Hugo Winterhalter -American composer and bandleader (d. 1973)

1910- Signe Hasso -Swedish actress (d. 2002)

1912- Julia Child -American chef and author (d. 2004)

1912- Wendy Hiller -English actress (d. 2003)

1912- Amir Khan (singer)|Amir Khan -Indian singer (d. 1974)

1914- Paul Rand -American graphic designer and art director (d. 1996)

1916- Aleks Çaçi -Albanian author (d. 1989)

1917- Jack Lynch -Irish politician, 5th Taoiseach|Taoiseach of Ireland (d. 1999)

1917- Óscar Romero -Salvadoran archbishop (d. 1980)

1919- Huntz Hall -American actor and singer (d. 1999)

1919- Benedict Kiely -Irish journalist and author (d. 2007)

1919- Dina Wadia -English-Pakistani daughter of Muhammad Ali Jinnah

1921- August Kowalczyk -Polish actor and director (d. 2012)

1922- Leonard Baskin -American sculptor and illustrator (d. 2000)

1922- Giorgos Mouzakis -Greek trumpet player and composer (d. 2005)

1922- Sabino Barinaga -Spanish footballer and manager (d. 1988)

1923- Rose Marie -American actress and singer

1924- Werner Abrolat -Russian-German actor (d. 1997)

1924- Robert Bolt -English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1995)

1924- Phyllis Schlafly -American lawyer and activist

1925- Mike Connors -American actor and producer

1925- Münir Özkul -Turkish actor

1925- Oscar Peterson -Canadian pianist and composer (d. 2007)

1925- Bill Pinkney -American singer (The Drifters) (d. 2007)

1925- Erik Schmidt -Swedish-Estonian painter and author (d. 2014)

1926- Julius Katchen -American pianist (d. 1969)

1926- Sami Michael -Iraqi-Israeli author and playwright

1926- Kenneth Newman -English police officer

1926- John Silber -American philosopher and academic (d. 2012)

1926- Konstantinos Stephanopoulos -Greek politician, 6th President of Greece

1927- Eddie Leadbeater -English cricketer (d. 2011)

1927- Oliver Popplewell -English cricketer and judge

1928- Carl Joachim Classen -German scholar and academic (d. 2013)

1928- Malcolm Glazer -American businessman (d. 2014)

1928- Nicolas Roeg -English director and cinematographer

1929- Georgios Roubanis -Greek pole vaulter

1930- Ageeda Paavel -Estonian activist

1931- Paul McDowell (actor)|Paul McDowell -English actor and screenwriter

1932- Jim Lange -American game show host (d. 2014)

1932- Johan Steyn, Baron Steyn -South African-English lawyer and judge

1933- Bobby Helms -American singer and guitarist (d. 1997)

1933- Michael Rutter -Lebanese-English psychiatrist and academic

1934- Bobby Byrd -American singer-songwriter and producer (The Famous Flames) (d. 2007)

1934- Reginald Scarlett -Jamaican cricketer and coach

1935- Jim Dale -English-American actor, singer, and screenwriter

1935- Régine Deforges -French author, playwright, and director (d. 2014)

1935- Vernon Jordan -American lawyer, businessman, and activist

1935- Lionel Taylor -American football player and coach

1936- Rita Shane -American soprano (d. 2014)

1938- Stephen Breyer -American judge

1938- Pran Kumar Sharma -Indian cartoonist (d. 2014)

1938- Maxine Waters -American educator and politician

1938- Janusz Zajdel -Polish author

1939- Bill Wratten -English air marshal

1940- Gudrun Ensslin -German militant leader, founded Red Army Faction (d. 1977)

1941- Jim Brothers -American sculptor (d. 2013)

1941- Manolis Mavrommatis -Greek politician

1941- Lou Perryman -American actor (d. 2009)

1943- Eileen Bell -Irish politician, 2nd Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly

1943- María Rojo -Mexican actress and politician

1944- Linda Ellerbee -American journalist and author

1944- Thomas J. Murphy, Jr. -American politician, 56th Mayor of Pittsburgh

1944- R. A. W. Rhodes -British political scientist

1944- Dimitris Sioufas -Greek lawyer and politician, Ministry of Health (Greece)|Greek Minister of Health

1944- Sylvie Vartan -Bulgarian-French singer and actress

1945- Duffy Dyer -American baseball player and coach

1945- Gene Upshaw -American football player (d. 2008)

1945- Khaleda Zia -Bangladeshi politician, 9th Prime Minister of Bangladesh

1946- Tony Robinson -English actor, producer, and screenwriter

1946- William Waldegrave, Baron Waldegrave of North Hill -English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

1946- Jimmy Webb -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1947- Raakhee -Indian actress

1947- Jenny Hanley -English actress

1948- Uschi Digard -Swedish porn actress and model

1948- Patsy Gallant -Canadian singer-songwriter and actress

1948- George Ryton -Singaporean-English engineer

1949- Beverly Burns -American captain and pilot

1949- Richard Deacon (sculptor)|Richard Deacon -Welsh sculptor

1949- Garry Disher -Australian author

1949- Edward McMillan-Scott -English politician

1949- Mark B. Rosenberg -American academic

1950- Tommy Aldridge -American drummer (Motörhead, Whitesnake, Black Oak Arkansas, and Thin Lizzy)

1950- Tom Kelly (baseball)|Tom Kelly -American baseball player and manager

1950- Anne, Princess Royal -of the United Kingdom

1951- Ann Biderman -American screenwriter and producer

1951- Bobby Caldwell -American singer-songwriter

1951- John Childs (cricketer)|John Childs -English cricketer

1951- Daba Diawara -Malian politician

1951- Ranjan Gunatilleke -Sri Lankan cricketer

1952- Chuck Burgi -American drummer (Blue Öyster Cult, Rainbow (rock band)|Rainbow, and Brand X)

1953- Carol Thatcher -English journalist and author

1953- Mark Thatcher -English businessman

1954- Stieg Larsson -Swedish journalist and author (d. 2004)

1954- Mary Jo Salter -American poet and academic

1956- Lorraine Desmarais -Canadian pianist and composer

1956- Freedom Neruda -Ivorian journalist

1956- Robert Syms -English politician

1957- Željko Ivanek -Slovenian-American actor

1958- Simon Baron-Cohen -English-Canadian psychiatrist and author

1958- Laurie Bembenek -American murderer (d. 2010)

1958- Craig MacTavish -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1958- Simple Kapadia -Indian actress and costume designer (d. 2009)

1958- Victor Shenderovich -Russian radio host

1958- Rondell Sheridan -American actor and director

1959- Scott Altman -American captain, pilot, and astronaut

1961- Ed Gillespie -American strategist and politician

1961- Gary Kubiak -American football player and coach

1961- Suhasini Maniratnam -Indian actress and screenwriter

1961- Arjun Sarja -Indian actor and director

1962- Tom Colicchio -American chef and author

1962- Vilja Savisaar-Toomast -Estonian politician

1963- Alejandro González Iñárritu -Mexican director, producer, and screenwriter

1963- Simon Hart -Welsh politician

1963- Lady Miss Kier -American singer-songwriter, DJ, and producer (Deee-Lite)

1963- Valery Levaneuski -Belarussian activist

1963- Lisa Opie -English squash player

1963- Jack Russell (cricketer, born 1963)|Jack Russell -England cricketer and coach

1964- Srihari (actor)|Srihari -Indian actor and producer (d. 2013)

1964- Jane Ellison -English politician

1964- Melinda Gates -American businesswoman and philanthropist, co-founded the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

1965- Rob Thomas (writer)|Rob Thomas -American author, screenwriter, and producer

1966- Scott Brosius -American baseball player and coach

1966- Shirley Kwan -Hong Kong singer, dancer, and actress

1966- Dimitris Papadopoulos (basketball)|Dimitris Papadopoulos -Greek basketball player and coach

1967- Peter Hermann (actor)|Peter Hermann -American actor

1968- Debra Messing -American actress, singer, and producer

1969- Kevin Cheng -American-Hong Kong singer and actor

1969- Bernard Fanning -Australian singer-songwriter (Powderfinger)

1969- Cris Judd -American actor, dancer, and choreographer

1970- Anthony Anderson -American comedian and actor

1970- Maddie Corman -American actress

1970- Ben Silverman -American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Electus|Electus Studios

1970- Maya Soetoro-Ng -Indonesian-American educator

1972- Ben Affleck -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1972- Jennifer Alexander -Canadian ballet dancer (d. 2007)

1972- Chris Morrissey (filmmaker)|Chris Morrissey -American actor and director

1972- Matthew Wood (sound editor)|Matthew Wood -American voice actor and engineer

1973- Amitabh Bhattacharjee -Indian actor

1973- Atom Willard -American drummer (The Offspring, Rocket from the Crypt, Danko Jones, and The Special Goodness)

1974- Gry Bay -Danish actress and singer

1974- Natasha Henstridge -Canadian model and actress

1974- Tomasz Suwary -Polish footballer

1975- Bertrand Berry -American football player and radio host

1975- Vijay Bharadwaj -Indian cricketer and coach

1975- Brendan Morrison -Canadian ice hockey player

1975- Kara Wolters -American basketball player

1976- Boudewijn Zenden -Dutch footballer and manager

1977- Martin Biron -Canadian ice hockey player

1977- Igor Cassina -Italian gymnast

1977- Nicole Paggi -American actress

1978- Tim Foreman -American bass player (Switchfoot)

1978- Lilia Podkopayeva -Ukrainian gymnast

1978- Stavros Tziortziopoulos -Greek footballer

1978- Kerri Walsh Jennings -American volleyball player

1979- Carl Edwards -American race car driver

1980- Brandon Harrod -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1980- Natalie Press -English actress

1981- Brendan Hansen -American swimmer

1981- Song Ji-hyo -South Korean model and actress

1981- Óliver Pérez -American baseball player

1982- Casey Burgener -American weightlifter

1982- Heather Carolin -American model and actress

1982- Tsuyoshi Hayashi -Japanese actor

1982- Cori Yarckin -American actress and singer

1983- Timati -Russian rapper, producer, and actor

1983- Jancarlos de Oliveira Barros -Brazilian footballer (d. 2013)

1984- Quinton Aaron -American actor

1985- Cogie Domingo -Filipino actor

1985- Leah Hackett -English actress

1985- Andrea Lewis -Canadian actress and singer

1985- Santiago Stieben -Argentinian actor

1986- Maria Fowler -English model and actress

1986- Natalia Kills -English singer-songwriter and actress

1986- Besik Kudukhov -Russian wrestler (d. 2013)

1987- Michel Kreder -Dutch cyclist

1988- Oussama Assaidi -Moroccan footballer

1988- Zaira Nara -Argentinian model and television host

1989- Joe Jonas -American singer-songwriter and actor (Jonas Brothers)

1989- Kristina Karjalainen -Estonian-Finnish model, Miss Estonia|Miss Estonia 2013

1989- Carlos Pena, Jr. -American singer-songwriter and actor (Big Time Rush (band)|Big Time Rush)

1989- Belinda Peregrín -Spanish-Mexican singer-songwriter and actress

1990- Nyusha -Russian singer-songwriter and producer

1990- Aglaja Brix -German actress

1990- Jennifer Lawrence -American actress

1990- Toomas Raadik -Estonian basketball player

1990- Danny Verbeek -Dutch footballer

1991- Petja Piiroinen -Finnish snowboarder

1993- Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain -English footballer

1994- Kosuke Hagino -Japanese swimmer

1994- Natalja Zabijako -Estonian figure skater

1995- Chief Keef -American rapper

1995- Yui Ogura -Japanese voice actress and singer

History of Deaths

423- Honorius (emperor)|Honorius -Roman emperor (b. 384)

465- Libius Severus -Roman emperor (b. 420)

1038- Stephen I of Hungary -(b. 975)

1118- Alexios I Komnenos -Byzantine emperor (b. 1048)

1196- Conrad II, Duke of Swabia -(b. 1173)

1274- Robert de Sorbon -French theologian and educator, founded the College of Sorbonne (b. 1201)

1369- Philippa of Hainault -(b. 1314)

1528- Odet of Foix, Viscount of Lautrec -French general (b. 1485)

1552- Hermann of Wied -German archbishop (b. 1477)

1621- John Barclay (poet)|John Barclay -Scottish poet and author (b. 1582)

1666- Johann Adam Schall von Bell -German missionary and astronomer (b. 1591)

1714- Constantin Brâncoveanu -Romanian prince (b. 1654)

1728- Marin Marais -French viol player and composer (b. 1656)

1758- Pierre Bouguer -French mathematician, geophysicist, and astronomer (b. 1698)

1799- Giuseppe Parini -Italian poet (b. 1729)

1852- Johan Gadolin -Finnish chemist, physicist, and mineralogist (b. 1760)

1859- Nathaniel Claiborne -American politician (b. 1777)

1880- Adelaide Neilson -English actress (b. 1848)

1907- Joseph Joachim -Hungarian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1831)

1909- Euclides da Cunha -Brazilian sociologist and journalist (b. 1866)

1917- Thomas J. Higgins -American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1831)

1925- Konrad Mägi -Estonian painter (b. 1878)

1928- Anatole von Hügel -Italian ethnologist and academic, co-founded St Edmund's College, Cambridge|St Edmund's College (b. 1854)

1931- Nigar Shikhlinskaya -Azerbaijani nurse (b. 1878)

1934- Leo O'Connell -American soccer player (b. 1883)

1935- Wiley Post -American pilot (b. 1898)

1935- Will Rogers -American actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1879)

1935- Paul Signac -French painter (b. 1863)

1936- Grazia Deledda -Italian author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)

1942- Mahadev Desai -Indian activist and author (b. 1892)

1945- Korechika Anami -Japanese general (b. 1887)

1951- Artur Schnabel -Polish pianist and composer (b. 1882)

1953- Ludwig Prandtl -German physicist and engineer (b. 1875)

1962- Lei Feng -Chinese soldier (b. 1940)

1967- René Magritte -Belgian painter (b. 1898)

1969- Abdul Malek (Islamic Education Activist)|Abdul Malek -Bangladeshi activist (b. 1947)

1971- Paul Lukas -Hungarian-American actor and singer (b. 1887)

1975- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman -Bengali politician, 1st President of Bangladesh (b. 1920)

1975- Clay Shaw -American businessman (b. 1913)

1981- Carol Ryrie Brink -American author (b. 1895)

1982- Ernie Bushmiller -American cartoonist (b. 1905)

1982- Hugo Theorell -Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)

1989- Minoru Genda -Japanese pilot, general, and politician (b. 1904)

1989- Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos -Greek general (b. 1897)

1990- Viktor Tsoi -Russian singer-songwriter (Kino (band)|Kino) (b. 1962)

1994- Wout Wagtmans -Dutch cyclist (b. 1929)

1995- John Cameron Swayze -American journalist (b. 1906)

1997- Ida Gerhardt -Dutch poet (b. 1905)

1999- Hugh Casson -English architect and interior designer (b. 1910)

2001- Richard Chelimo -Kenyan runner (b. 1972)

2004- Sune Bergström -Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)

2004- Semiha Berksoy -Turkish actress and singer (b. 1910)

2004- Amarsinh Chaudhary -Indian politician, 8th Chief Minister of Gujarat (b. 1941)

2005- Bendapudi Venkata Satyanarayana -Indian dermatologist (b. 1927)

2006- Te Atairangikaahu -New Zealand queen (b. 1931)

2006- Rick Bourke -Australian rugby player (b. 1955)

2006- Coenraad Bron -Dutch computer scientist (b. 1937)

2006- Faas Wilkes -Dutch footballer (b. 1923)

2007- Richard Bradshaw (conductor)|Richard Bradshaw -English conductor (b. 1944)

2007- John Gofman -American biologist, chemist, and physicist (b. 1918)

2007- Geoffrey Orbell -New Zealand physician (b. 1908)

2007- Sam Pollock -Canadian businessman (b. 1925)

2008- James Orthwein -American businessman (b. 1924)

2008- Heinz-Ludwig Schmidt -German footballer and manager (b. 1920)

2008- Leroy Sievers -American journalist (b. 1955)

2008- Vic Toweel -South African boxer (b. 1929)

2008- Jerry Wexler -American journalist and producer (b. 1917)

2009- Virginia Davis -American actor (b. 1918)

2010- Denis E. Dillon -American lawyer and politician (b. 1933)

2011- Michael Legat -English author (b. 1923)

2011- Rick Rypien -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1984)

2012- Bob Birch -American bass player and saxophonist (b. 1956)

2012- Altamiro Carrilho -Brazilian flute player and composer (b. 1924)

2012- Biff Elliot -American actor (b. 1923)

2012- Punch Gunalan -Malaysian badminton player (b. 1944)

2012- Harry Harrison (writer)|Harry Harrison -American author (b. 1925)

2012- Müşfik Kenter -Turkish actor (b. 1932)

2012- Ray Whitney (politician)|Ray Whitney -English politician (b. 1930)

2013- Bert Lance -American businessman and civil servant, 23rd Director of the Office of Management and Budget (b. 1931)

2013- William S. Livingston -American political scientist and academic (b. 1920)

2013- Rosalía Mera -Spanish businesswoman, co-founded Inditex and Zara (retailer)|Zara (b. 1944)

2013- Sławomir Mrożek -Polish-French author and playwright (b. 1930)

2013- August Schellenberg -Canadian-American actor (b. 1936)

2013- Marich Man Singh Shrestha -Nepali politician, 28th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1942)

2013- Jacques Vergès -Thai-French lawyer (b. 1925)

2014- Licia Albanese -Italian-American soprano and actress (b. 1909)

2014- James Cama -American martial artist (b. 1957)

2014- James Freeman Gilbert -American geophysicist and academic (b. 1931)