This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


503 BC-According to the '' Fasti Triumphales -', Roman consul Agrippa Menenius Lanatus celebrated a Roman triumph|triumph for a military victory over the Sabines.

1147-First historical record of Moscow -

1287-King Wareru -founds Hanthawaddy Kingdom|Kingdom of Ramannadesa, and proclaims independence from Pagan Empire.

1581- Francis Drake -is knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world.

1660- Declaration of Breda -by King Charles II of England.

1721-Sir Robert Walpole -takes office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under George I of Great Britain|King George I.

1768-In London -Philip Astley stages the first modern circus.

1796- Georges Cuvier -delivers his first Paleontology|paleontological lecture at École Centrale du Pantheon of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle on living and fossil remains of elephants and related species, founding the science of Paleontology.

1812- President of the United States|U.S. President -James Madison enacts a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom.

1814- Napoleon I of France|Napoleon -abdicates for the first time and names his son Napoleon II as Emperor of the French.

1818-The United States Congress -adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (then 20).

1841- William Henry Harrison -dies of pneumonia becoming the first President of the United States to die in office and with the shortest term served.

1850-The Great Fire of Cottenham -a large part of the Cambridgeshire village (England) is burnt to the ground in suspicious circumstances.

1850- Los Angeles -California, is incorporated as a city.

1859- Bryant's Minstrels -debut "Dixie (song)|Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.

1865- American Civil War -A day after United States|Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln visits the Confederate States of America|Confederate capital.

1866- Alexander II of Russia -narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Dmitry Karakozov in the city of Saint Petersburg.

1873- The Kennel Club -is founded, the oldest and first official registry of purebred dogs in the world.

1887- Argonia, Kansas -elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.

1905-In India -1905 Kangra earthquake|an earthquake hits the Kangra Valley, killing 20,000, and destroying most buildings in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh|Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh|Dharamshala.

1913- First Balkan War -Greek aviator Emmanouil Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot to die in the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.

1930-The Communist Party of Panama -is founded.

1933-U.S. Navy airship -{{USS|Akron|ZRS-4|6}}, is wrecked off the New Jersey coast due to severe weather.

1939- Faisal II of Iraq|Faisal II -becomes King of Iraq.

1944- World War II -Bombing of Bucharest in World War II|First bombardment of oil refineries in Bucharest by Anglo-American forces kills 3000 civilians.

1945-World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp -in Germany.

1945-World War II: American troops Battle of Kassel (1945)|capture Kassel -

1949-Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty -creating the NATO|North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

1958-The CND -peace symbol is displayed in public for the first time in London.

1960- France -agrees to grant independence to the Mali Federation, a union of Senegal and French Sudan.

1964- The Beatles -occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100|''Billboard'' Hot 100 pop chart.

1965-The first model of the new Saab Viggen -fighter aircraft is unveiled.

1967- Martin Luther King, Jr. -delivers his "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence" speech in New York City's Riverside Church.

1968-Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray -at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

1968- Apollo program -NASA launches Apollo 6.

1968- AEK Athens BC -becomes the first Greek team to win the European Basketball Cup.

1969-Dr. Denton Cooley -implants the first temporary artificial heart.

1973-The World Trade Center -in New York City|New York is officially dedicated.

1973-A Lockheed C-141 Starlifter -dubbed the ''Hanoi Taxi'', makes the last flight of Operation Homecoming.

1975- Microsoft -is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico

1975- Vietnam War -Operation Baby Lift

1976-Prince Norodom Sihanouk -resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest.

1979-Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto -of Pakistan is executed.

1981-The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force -mounts an Attack on H3|attack on H-3 Airbase and destroys about 50 Iraqi aircraft.

1983-Space Shuttle '' Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger -' STS-6|makes its maiden voyage into space.

1984-President Ronald Reagan -calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.

1988- List of Governors of Arizona|Governor -Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.

1991-Senator John Heinz -of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their airplane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.

1991-The current flag of Hong Kong -is adopted for post-colonial Hong Kong during the Third Session of the Seventh National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China|National People's Congress.

1994- Marc Andreessen -and James H. Clark|Jim Clark found Netscape Communications Corporation under the name "Mosaic Communications Corporation".

1996- Comet Hyakutake -is imaged by the USA Asteroid Orbiter Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous.

2002-The Angola -government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.

2007-Fifteen British Royal Navy personnel 2007 Iranian seizure of Royal Navy personnel|held in Iran -are released by the Iranian President.

2013-More than 70 people are killed in a 2013 Thane building collapse|building collapse -in Thane, India.

Famous Birthdays


188- Caracalla -Roman emperor (d. 217)

1492- Ambrosius Blarer -German-Swiss theologian and reformer (d. 1564)

1572- William Strachey -English author (d. 1621)

1593- Edward Nicholas -English politician (d. 1669)

1640- Gaspar Sanz -Spanish guitarist, composer, and priest (d. 1710)

1646- Antoine Galland -French orientalist and archaeologist (d. 1715)

1648- Grinling Gibbons -Dutch-English sculptor (d. 1721)

1676- Giuseppe Maria Orlandini -Italian composer (d. 1760)

1688- Joseph-Nicolas Delisle -French astronomer (d. 1768)

1718- Benjamin Kennicott -English theologian and scholar (d. 1783)

1752- Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli -Italian composer (d. 1837)

1760- Juan Manuel Olivares -Venezuelan composer (d. 1797)

1762- Stephen Storace -English actor and composer (d. 1796)

1772- Nachman of Breslov -(d. 1810)

1780- Edward Hicks -American painter and minister (d. 1849)

1785- Bettina von Arnim -German author (d. 1859)

1792- Thaddeus Stevens -American lawyer and politician (d. 1868)

1802- Dorothea Dix -American activist (d. 1887)

1818- Thomas Mayne Reid -Irish-American author (d. 1883)

1819- Maria II of Portugal -(d. 1853)

1821- Linus Yale, Jr. -American engineer and businessman (d. 1868)

1826- Zénobe Gramme -Belgian engineer, invented the Gramme machine (d. 1901)

1835- John Hughlings Jackson -English neurologist (d. 1911)

1842- Édouard Lucas -French mathematician (d. 1891)

1843- William Henry Jackson -American painter and photographer (d. 1942)

1846- Comte de Lautréamont -Uruguayan-French poet (d. 1870)

1853- Tad Lincoln -American son of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1871)

1858- Remy de Gourmont -French author, poet, and critic (d. 1915)

1869- Mary Colter -American architect, designed the Desert View Watchtower (d. 1958)

1875- Pierre Monteux -French conductor (d. 1964)

1876- Maurice de Vlaminck -French painter (d. 1958)

1879- Gustav Goßler -German rower (d. 1940)

1884- James Alberione -Italian priest, founded the Society of St. Paul (d. 1971)

1884- Isoroku Yamamoto -Japanese admiral (d. 1943)

1886- Frank Luther Mott -American historian and journalist (d. 1964)

1888- Tris Speaker -American baseball player and manager (d. 1958)

1888- Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr. -Polish historian and educator (d. 1975)

1889- Makhanlal Chaturvedi -Indian journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1968)

1895- Arthur Murray -American dancer and educator (d. 1991)

1896- Robert E. Sherwood -American playwright and screenwriter (d. 1955)

1897- Pierre Fresnay -French actor (d. 1975)

1897- Dina Manfredini -Italian-American super-centenarian (d. 2012)

1898- Agnes Ayres -American actress (d. 1940)

1899- Hillel Oppenheimer -German-Israeli botanist (d. 1971)

1902- Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin -French journalist and author (d. 1969)

1902- Stanley G. Weinbaum -American author (d. 1935)

1905- Eugène Bozza -French composer and conductor (d. 1991)

1905- Erika Nõva -Estonian architect (d. 1987)

1906- Bea Benaderet -American actress (d. 1968)

1906- John Cameron Swayze -American journalist (d. 1995)

1907- Robert Askin -Australian politician, 32nd Premier of New South Wales (d. 1981)

1910- Dang Van Ngu -Vietnamese physician (d. 1967)

1911- Max Dupain -Australian photographer (d. 1992)

1913- Rosemary Lane (actress)|Rosemary Lane -American actress and singer (d. 1974)

1913- Frances Langford -American actress and singer (d. 2005)

1913- Jules Léger -Canadian politician, 21st Governor General of Canada (d. 1980)

1913- Muddy Waters -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1983)

1914- Richard Coogan -American actor (d. 2014)

1914- Marguerite Duras -French author, screenwriter, and director (d. 1996)

1915- Louis Archambault -Canadian sculptor (d. 2003)

1916- Nikola Ljubičić -Serbian general and politician, 10th List of Presidents of Serbia|President of Serbia (d. 2005)

1916- Mickey Owen -American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)

1916- David White (actor)|David White -American actor (d. 1990)

1918- George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe -English soldier and politician (d. 2007)

1920- Orunamamu -American-Canadian author and educator (d. 2014)

1920- Ignatius IV of Antioch -(d. 2012)

1920- Éric Rohmer -French director and screenwriter (d. 2010)

1921- Elizabeth Wilson -American actress

1922- Elmer Bernstein -American composer and conductor (d. 2004)

1923- Peter Vaughan -English actor

1924- Gil Hodges -American baseball player and manager (d. 1972)

1925- Gene Reynolds -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1925- Claude Wagner -Canadian judge and politician (d. 1979)

1925- Emmett Williams -American poet (d. 2007)

1926- Mildred Fay Jefferson -American physician and activist (d. 2010)

1926- Ronnie Masterson -Irish actress (d. 2014)

1927- Joe Orlando -Italian-American author and illustrator (d. 1998)

1928- Maya Angelou -American author, poet, and actress (d. 2014)

1928- Estelle Harris -American actress

1928- Jimmy Logan -Scottish actor, director, and producer (d. 2001)

1928- Monty Norman -English singer-songwriter and producer

1931- James Dickens -English politician (d. 2013)

1931- Bobby Ray Inman -American admiral

1931- Catherine Tizard -New Zealand politician, 16th List of Governors-General of New Zealand|Governor-General of New Zealand

1932- Clive Davis -American record producer, founded Arista Records and J Records

1932- Richard Lugar -American politician, 44th List of mayors of Indianapolis|Mayor of Indianapolis

1932- Anthony Perkins -American actor (d. 1992)

1932- Johanna Reiss -Dutch-American author

1932- Andrei Tarkovsky -Russian director and producer (d. 1986)

1933- Bill France, Jr. -American businessman (d. 2007)

1934- Helen Hanft -American actress (d. 2013)

1934- Kronid Lyubarsky -Russian journalist and activist (d. 1996)

1935- Geoff Braybrooke -English-New Zealand politician (d. 2013)

1935- Kenneth Mars -American actor (d. 2011)

1935- Trevor Griffiths -English playwright

1938- A. Bartlett Giamatti -American academic (d. 1989)

1939- JoAnne Carner -American golfer

1939- Major Lance -American singer (d. 1994)

1939- Hugh Masekela -South African singer-songwriter and trumpet player

1939- Ernie Terrell -American boxer and singer

1940- Richard Attwood -English race car driver

1940- Sharon Sheeley -American singer-songwriter (d. 2002)

1942- Jim Fregosi -American baseball player and manager (d. 2014)

1942- Kitty Kelley -American journalist and author

1942- Elizabeth Levy -American author

1944- Magda Aelvoet -Belgian politician

1944- Mary Kenny -Irish journalist, author, and playwright

1944- Craig T. Nelson -American actor

1945- Daniel Cohn-Bendit -French-German politician

1945- Caroline McWilliams -American actress (d. 2010)

1945- Konrad von Finckenstein -German-Canadian businessman

1946- Colin Coates -Australian speed skater

1946- Dave Hill -English guitarist (Slade)

1946- Katsuaki Satō -Japanese martial artist

1946- György Spiró -Hungarian author and playwright

1947- Wiranto -Indonesian general

1947- Ray Fosse -American baseball player and sportscaster

1947- Luke Halpin -American actor

1948- Michael Blassie -American lieutenant (d. 1972)

1948- Abdullah Öcalan -Turkish activist

1948- Berry Oakley -American bass player (The Allman Brothers Band) (d. 1972)

1948- Werner Roth (soccer)|Werner Roth -Serbian-American soccer player and actor

1948- Dan Simmons -American author

1948- Derek Thompson (actor)|Derek Thompson -Irish actor

1948- Pick Withers -English drummer (Dire Straits and Magna Carta (band)|Magna Carta)

1949- Junior Braithwaite -Jamaican-American singer (Bob Marley and the Wailers) (d. 1999)

1949- Shing-Tung Yau -Chinese-American mathematician

1950- Christine Lahti -American actress and director

1951- James Cuno -American historian and curator

1951- John Hannah (American football)|John Hannah -American football player and coach

1951- Hun Sen -Cambodian politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Cambodia

1952- Rosemarie Ackermann -German high jumper

1952- Pat Burns -Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2010)

1952- Gregg Hansford -Australian motorcycle racer (d. 1995)

1952- Cherie Lunghi -English actress

1952- Karen Magnussen -Canadian figure skater

1952- Gary Moore -Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Thin Lizzy, Skid Row (Irish band)|Skid Row, and Colosseum II) (d. 2011)

1952- Villy Søvndal -Danish politician, List of Danish foreign ministers|Minister of Foreign Affairs for Denmark

1953- Robert Bertrand -Canadian politician

1953- Henry Fotheringham -South African cricketer

1953- Simcha Jacobovici -Canadian director, producer, journalist, and author

1953- Sammy Wilson -Irish politician, 31st Lord Mayor of Belfast

1953- Chen Yi (composer)|Chen Yi -Chinese violinist and composer

1954- Julie Carmen -American actress, dancer, and psychotherapist

1955- Casey Biggs -American actor

1956- Evelyn Hart -Canadian ballerina

1956- Tom Herr -American baseball player and manager

1956- David E. Kelley -American screenwriter and producer

1957- Kelso (horse)|Kelso -American race horse (d. 1983)

1957- Aki Kaurismäki -Finnish director, producer, and screenwriter

1957- Graeme Kelling -Scottish guitarist (Deacon Blue) (d. 2004)

1957- Nobuyoshi Kuwano -Japanese singer and trumpet player (Rats & Star)

1958- Cazuza -Brazilian singer-songwriter (Barão Vermelho) (d. 1990)

1958- Mary-Margaret Humes -American actress

1958- Peter Baltes -German bass player (Accept (band)|Accept)

1959- Phil Morris (actor)|Phil Morris -American actor

1960- Jane Eaglen -English soprano

1960- Scott Miller (California musician)|Scott Miller -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Game Theory (band)|Game Theory and The Loud Family) (d. 2013)

1960- Hugo Weaving -Nigerian-Australian actor

1961- Tom Byron -American porn actor and director

1961- Hildi Santo-Tomas -American interior decorator

1962- Craig Adams (musician)|Craig Adams -English bass player and songwriter (The Sisters of Mercy, The Mission (band)|The Mission, The Alarm, Spear of Destiny (band)|Spear of Destiny, and Theatre of Hate)

1962- Kailasho Devi -Indian social worker and politician

1962- Ava Fabian -American model and actress

1962- Marco Giovannetti -Italian cyclist

1962- Anita Renfroe -American comedian

1963- A. Michael Baldwin -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1963- Jack Del Rio -American football player and coach

1963- Dale Hawerchuk -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1963- Jane McDonald -English singer and actress

1963- Graham Norton -Irish actor and talk show host

1964- Branco (footballer)|Branco -Brazilian footballer and coach

1964- Dr. Chud -American drummer and singer (Misfits (band)|Misfits, Graves (band)|Graves, Kryst the Conqueror, and Dr. Chud's X-Ward)

1964- Anthony Clark (actor)|Anthony Clark -American actor

1964- David Cross -American comedian and actor

1964- Laurie Hibberd -Canadian journalist

1964- Riduan Isamuddin -Indonesian terrorist

1964- Robbie Rist -American actor and singer

1965- Vinny Burns -English guitarist and producer (Dare (band)|Dare, Ten (band)|Ten, and Ultravox)

1965- Robert Downey, Jr. -American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter

1965- Sean Wilson (actor)|Sean Wilson -English actor

1966- Nancy McKeon -American actor

1966- Mike Starr (musician)|Mike Starr -American bass player (Alice in Chains, Sun Red Sun, and Days of the New) (d. 2011)

1966- Christos Tsekos (basketball)|Christos Tsekos -Greek basketball player

1967- George Mavrotas -Greek water polo player

1968- Jesús Rollán -Spanish water polo player (d. 2006)

1969- Karren Brady -English journalist and author

1970- Georgios Amanatidis -Greek footballer

1970- Greg Garcia (producer)|Greg Garcia -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1970- Anthony Green (actor)|Anthony Green -English actor

1970- Barry Pepper -Canadian actor

1971- Yanic Perreault -Canadian ice hockey player

1971- Tatia Rosenthal -Israeli-American animator and director

1971- Josh Todd -American singer-songwriter and actor (Buckcherry)

1971- Malik Yusef -American actor, producer, and poet

1971- John Zandig -American wrestler and promoter

1972- Lisa Ray -Canadian model and actress

1972- Jill Scott -American singer-songwriter and actress

1972- Xenia Seeberg -German actress

1972- Magnus Sveningsson -Swedish bass player (The Cardigans)

1973- Chris Banks (American football)|Chris Banks -American football player (d. 2014)

1973- David Blaine -American magician

1973- Loris Capirossi -Italian motorcycle racer

1973- Peter Hoekstra (footballer)|Peter Hoekstra -Dutch footballer

1973- Chris McCormack (triathlete)|Chris McCormack -Australian triathlete

1974- Dave Mirra -American BMX rider

1975- Delphine Arnault -French businesswoman

1975- Thobias Fredriksson -Swedish skier

1975- Joyce Giraud -Puerto Rican model and actress

1975- Roy Padrick -American journalist and actor

1975- Pamela Ribon -American actress, screenwriter, and author

1975- Miranda Lee Richards -American singer-songwriter

1975- Scott Rolen -American baseball player

1975- Kevin Weekes -Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster

1976- Sébastien Enjolras -French race car driver (d. 1997)

1976- Emerson Ferreira da Rosa -Brazilian footballer

1976- James Roday -American actor, director, and screenwriter

1977- Stephan Bonnar -American mixed martial artist

1977- Keith Bulluck -American football player

1977- Adam Dutkiewicz -American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Killswitch Engage, Aftershock (band)|Aftershock, and Times of Grace)

1977- Stephen Mulhern -English magician and television host

1977- Omarr Smith -American football player

1978- Lemar -English singer-songwriter and producer

1978- Jason Ellison -American baseball player

1978- Alan Mahon -Irish footballer

1978- Sam Moran -Australian singer, guitarist, and actor (The Wiggles)

1978- Irene Skliva -Greek model, Miss World 1996

1978- Aska Yang -Taiwanese singer

1979- Heath Ledger -Australian actor and director (d. 2008)

1979- Roberto Luongo -Canadian ice hockey player

1979- Natasha Lyonne -American actress

1979- Andy McKee -American guitarist

1979- Jessica Napier -New Zealand-Australian actress

1980- Johnny Borrell -English singer-songwriter and guitarist Razorlight and The Libertines)

1980- Trevor Moore -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1980- Eric Steinbach -American football player

1980- Björn Wirdheim -Swedish race car driver

1981- Currensy -American rapper (504 Boyz)

1981- Eduardo Luís Carloto -Brazilian footballer

1981- Casey Daigle -American baseball player

1981- Ned Vizzini -American author and screenwriter (d. 2013)

1982- Justin Cook -American voice actor

1982- Magnus Lindgren (chef)|Magnus Lindgren -Swedish chef (d. 2012)

1982- Kett Turton -American-Canadian actor

1983- Evgeny Artyukhin -Russian ice hockey player

1983- Davide Lufrano Chaves -Italian-English guitarist (Alejandro Toledo and the Magic Tombolinos) (d. 2013)

1983- Fabian Geiser -Swiss footballer

1983- Ben Gordon (basketball)|Ben Gordon -American basketball player

1983- Doug Lynch (ice hockey)|Doug Lynch -Canadian ice hockey player

1983- Natalie Pike -Scottish-English model

1983- Amanda Righetti -American actress and producer

1983- Angelle Tymon -American journalist and game show host

1984- Sean May -American professional basketball player

1984- Arkady Vyatchanin -Russian swimmer

1985- Rudy Fernández (basketball)|Rudy Fernández -Spanish basketball player

1985- Ricardo Vilar -Brazilian footballer

1986- Eunhyuk -South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer (Super Junior, Younique Unit, and Donghae & Eunhyuk)

1986- Cameron Barker -Canadian ice hockey player

1986- Aiden McGeady -Irish footballer

1986- Alexander Tettey -Norwegian footballer

1987- Devon Anderson -English actor

1987- Sarah Gadon -Canadian actress

1987- Sami Khedira -German footballer

1987- McDonald Mariga -Kenyan footballer

1987- Cameron Maybin -American baseball player

1987- Lauri Pedaja -Estonian actor

1987- Markos Vellidis -Greek footballer

1988- Frank Fielding -English footballer

1989- Vurnon Anita -Dutch footballer

1989- Steven Finn (cricketer)|Steven Finn -English cricketer

1989- Chris Herd -Australian footballer

1989- Spencer Scott -American model

1991- Jamie Lynn Spears -American actress and singer

1992- Lucy May Barker -English actress and singer

1992- Christina Metaxa -Cypriot singer-songwriter

1992- Alexa Nikolas -American actress

1993- Samir Carruthers -Irish footballer

1994- Risako Sugaya -Japanese singer and actress (Berryz Kobo, Guardians 4, and v-u-den)

1996- Austin Mahone -American singer-songwriter

2012- Grumpy Cat -American cat

History of Deaths


397- Ambrose -German-Italian archbishop and saint (b. 338)

636- Isidore of Seville -Spanish archbishop and saint (b. 560)

814- Plato of Sakkoudion -Byzantine monk (b. 735)

896- Pope Formosus -(b. 816)

1284- Alfonso X of Castile -(b. 1221)

1292- Pope Nicholas IV -(b. 1227)

1536- Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach -(b. 1460)

1588- Frederick II of Denmark -(b. 1534)

1609- Carolus Clusius -Flemish botanist, mycologist, and academic (b. 1526)

1617- John Napier -Scottish mathematician, physicist, and astronomer (b. 1550)

1643- Simon Episcopius -Dutch theologian (b. 1583)

1661- Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven -Scottish-Swedish field marshal (b. 1580)

1701- Joseph Haines -English actor, singer, and dancer

1743- Daniel Neal -English historian (b. 1678)

1761- Theodore Gardelle -Swiss painter (b. 1722)

1766- John Taylor (classical scholar)|John Taylor -English scholar (b. 1704)

1774- Oliver Goldsmith -Irish-English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1728)

1792- James Sykes (Continental Congress)|James Sykes -American lawyer and politician (b. 1725)

1807- Jérôme Lalande -French astronomer (b. 1732)

1817- André Masséna -French general (b. 1758)

1841- William Henry Harrison -American general and politician, 9th President of the United States (b. 1773)

1846- Solomon Sibley -American politician, 1st List of mayors of Detroit|Mayor of Detroit (b. 1769)

1861- John McLean -American jurist and politician, 6th United States Postmaster General (b. 1785)

1863- Ludwig Emil Grimm -German painter and engraver (b. 1790)

1864- Joseph Pitty Couthouy -American commander and paleontologist (b. 1808)

1870- Heinrich Gustav Magnus -German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)

1874- Charles Ernest Beulé -French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)

1875- Karl Mauch -German explorer (b. 1837)

1878- Richard M. Brewer -American criminal (b. 1850)

1879- Heinrich Wilhelm Dove -German physicist (b. 1803)

1883- Peter Cooper -American businessman and philanthropist, founded Cooper Union (b. 1791)

1890- Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau -Canadian politician, 1st Premier of Quebec (b. 1820)

1890- Edmond Hébert -French geologist (b. 1812)

1912- Charles Brantley Aycock -American politician, 50th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1859)

1912- Isaac K. Funk -American minister, lexicographer, and publisher, co-founded Funk & Wagnalls (b. 1839)

1919- William Crookes -English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)

1919- Jacinta and Francisco Marto|Francisco Marto -Portuguese saint (b. 1908)

1923- John Venn -English mathematician and philosopher, created the Venn diagram (b. 1834)

1929- Karl Benz -German engineer and businessman, founded Mercedes-Benz (b. 1844)

1931- André Michelin -French businessman, co-founded the Michelin|Michelin Tyre Company (b. 1853)

1932- Wilhelm Ostwald -Latvian-German chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)

1933- Elizabeth Bacon Custer -American author (b. 1842)

1940- Gustav Goßler -German rower (b. 1879)

1951- George Albert Smith -American religious leader, 8th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1870)

1953- Carol II of Romania -(b. 1893)

1957- E. Herbert Norman -Canadian historian and diplomat (b. 1909)

1958- Johnny Stompanato -American soldier and bodyguard (b. 1925)

1961- Simion Stoilow -Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)

1962- James Hanratty -English murderer (b. 1936)

1967- Al Lewis (lyricist)|Al Lewis -American songwriter (b. 1901)

1967- Héctor Scarone -Uruguayan footballer (b. 1898)

1968- Martin Luther King, Jr. -American minister and activist, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1929)

1970- Byron Foulger -American actor (b. 1899)

1972- Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. -American pastor and politician (b. 1908)

1972- Stefan Wolpe -German composer (b. 1902)

1976- Harry Nyquist -Swedish engineer (b. 1889)

1977- Andrey Dikiy -Ukrainian-American journalist, historian, and politician (b. 1893)

1979- Zulfikar Ali Bhutto -Pakistani politician, 4th President of Pakistan (b. 1928)

1979- Edgar Buchanan -American actor (b. 1903)

1980- Red Sovine -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1917)

1983- Gloria Swanson -American actress, singer, and producer (b. 1899)

1984- Oleg Antonov -Russian-Ukrainian engineer and businessman, founded Antonov (b. 1906)

1985- Kate Roberts (author)|Kate Roberts -Welsh author (b. 1891)

1987- C. L. Moore -American author (b. 1911)

1987- Chögyam Trungpa -Tibetan guru (b. 1939)

1987- Sachchidananda Vatsyayan -Indian journalist and author (b. 1911)

1988- Zlatko Grgić -Croatian-Canadian animator, director, and screenwriter (b. 1931)

1991- Edmund Adamkiewicz -German footballer (b. 1920)

1991- Max Frisch -Swiss author and playwright (b. 1911)

1991- H. John Heinz III -American politician (b. 1938)

1991- Graham Ingels -American illustrator (b. 1915)

1992- Yvette Brind'Amour -Canadian actress and director (b. 1918)

1992- Jack Hamilton (Australian footballer)|Jack Hamilton -Australian footballer (b. 1928)

1992- Arthur Russell (musician)|Arthur Russell -American singer-songwriter and cellist (b. 1951)

1993- Alfred Mosher Butts -American game designer, invented Scrabble (b. 1899)

1993- Douglas Leopold -Canadian radio and television host (b. 1947)

1995- Kenny Everett -English radio and television host (b. 1944)

1995- Priscilla Lane -American actress and singer (b. 1915)

1996- Barney Ewell -American runner (b. 1918)

1996- Boone Guyton -American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1913)

1997- Leo Picard -Israeli geologist (b. 1900)

1999- Faith Domergue -American actor (b. 1924)

1999- Bob Peck -English actor (b. 1945)

1999- Early Wynn -American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1920)

2001- Ed Roth -American illustrator (b. 1932)

2001- Maury Van Vliet -American-Canadian academic (b. 1913)

2003- Anthony Caruso (actor)|Anthony Caruso -American actor (b. 1916)

2003- Adalberto Martínez -Mexican actor (b. 1916)

2004- Alberic Schotte -Belgian cyclist (b. 1919)

2005- Edward Bronfman -Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1924)

2007- Bob Clark -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1941)

2008- Francis Tucker -South African race car driver (b. 1923)

2009- Gonzalo Olave -Chilean actor (b. 1983)

2011- Scott Columbus -American drummer (Manowar) (b. 1956)

2011- Juliano Mer-Khamis -Israeli actor, director, and activist (b. 1958)

2012- Muhammad Afrizal -Indonesian boxer (b. 1983)

2012- A. Dean Byrd -American psychologist and academic (b. 1948)

2012- Anne Karin Elstad -Norwegian author and educator (b. 1938)

2012- Claude Miller -French director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1942)

2012- Dubravko Pavličić -Croatian footballer (b. 1967)

2012- Roberto Rexach Benítez -American-Puerto Rican politician, 10th President of the Senate of Puerto Rico (b. 1929)

2013- Bengt Blomgren -Swedish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)

2013- Roger Ebert -American journalist, critic, and screenwriter (b. 1942)

2013- Carmine Infantino -American illustrator (b. 1925)

2013- Eldred G. Smith -American patriarch (b. 1907)

2013- Tommy Tycho -Hungarian-Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1928)

2013- Ian Walsh (rugby league)|Ian Walsh -Australian rugby player and coach (b. 1933)

2013- Noboru Yamaguchi (author)|Noboru Yamaguchi -Japanese author (b. 1972)

2014- İsmet Atlı -Turkish wrestler (b. 1931)

2014- Wayne Henderson (musician)|Wayne Henderson -American trombonist and producer (The Crusaders) (b. 1939)

2014- Kumba Ialá -Bissau-Guinean politician, List of heads of state of Guinea-Bissau|President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1953)

2014- Margo MacDonald -Scottish politician (b. 1943)

2014- Curtis Bill Pepper -American journalist and author (b. 1917)

2014- Muhammad Qutb -Egyptian author and academic (b. 1919)