This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: April-22

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

238- Year of the Six Emperors -The Roman Senate outlaws emperor Maximinus Thrax for his bloodthirsty proscriptions in Ancient Rome|Rome and nominates two of its members, Pupienus and Balbinus, to the throne.

1500-Portuguese navigator -Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil.

1519-Spanish conquistador -Hernán Cortés establishes a settlement at Veracruz, Veracruz|Veracruz, Mexico.

1529- Treaty of Zaragoza -divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.

1622-The Capture of Ormuz (1622)|Capture of Ormuz -by the East India Company ends Portuguese control of Hormuz Island.

1809-The second day of the Battle of Eckmühl -the Austrian Empire|Austrian army is defeated by the First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France and driven over the Danube in Regensburg.

1836- Texas Revolution -A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Republic of Texas|Texas General Sam Houston identify Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna among the captives of the battle when one of his fellow captives mistakenly gives away his identity.

1864-The Congress of the United States|U.S. Congress -passes the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription ''In God We Trust'' be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.

1876-The first ever National League -baseball game is played in Philadelphia.

1889-At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Rush of 1889 -Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|Oklahoma City and Guthrie, Oklahoma|Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.

1898- Spanish–American War -The {{USS|Nashville|PG-7|6}} captures a Spanish merchant ship.

1906-The 1906 Summer Olympics -not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, open in Athens.

1911- Tsinghua University -one of mainland China's leading universities, is founded.

1912-'' Pravda -', the "voice" of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publication in Saint Petersburg.

1915-The use of poison gas in World War I -escalates when chlorine|chlorine gas is released as a Chemical warfare|chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.

1930-The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty -regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.

1944-The 1st Air Commando Group -using Sikorsky R-4 helicopters stage the first use of helicopters in military helicopter|combat with combat search and rescue operations in the China Burma India Theater|China-Burma-India theater.

1944- World War II -Operation Persecution is initiated

1945-World War II: Prisoners at the Jasenovac concentration camp -revolt. Five hundred twenty are killed and 80 escape.

1945-World War II: Führerbunker#Events in 1945|Führerbunker -After learning that Soviet Union|Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.

1948- 1948 Arab–Israeli War -Haifa, a major port of Israel, is Battle of Haifa (1948)|captured from Arab forces.

1951- Korean War -The Chinese People's Volunteer Army begin assaulting positions defended by the Royal Australian Regiment and the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry at the Battle of Kapyong.

1954- Second Red Scare|Red Scare -Witnesses begin testifying and live television coverage of the Army–McCarthy hearings begins.

1964-The 1964 New York World's Fair|1964-1965 New York World's Fair -opens for its first season.

1969-British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston -wins the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race|''Sunday Times'' Golden Globe Race and completes the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.

1970-The first Earth Day -is celebrated.

1972- Vietnam War -Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War|anti-war protests in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco.

1977- Optical fiber -is first used to carry live telephone traffic.

1983-The German magazine '' Stern (magazine)|Stern -' claims that the "Hitler Diaries" had been found in wreckage in East Germany; the diaries are subsequently revealed to be Forgery|forgeries.

1992-In an 1992 explosion in Guadalajara|explosion -in Guadalajara, Mexico, 206 people are killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 left homeless.

1993-Version 1.0 of the Mosaic (web browser)|Mosaic -web browser is released.

1997- Haouch Khemisti massacre -in Algeria

1997-The Japanese embassy hostage crisis -ends in Lima, Peru.

1998- Disney's Animal Kingdom -opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.

2000-In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González -from his relatives' home in Miami.

2000-The Big Number Change -takes place in the United Kingdom.

2004-Two fuel trains Ryongchon disaster|collide -in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.

2005-Japan's Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi -List of war apology statements issued by Japan#2000s|apologizes for Japan's war record.

2008-The United States Air Force -retires the remaining F-117 Nighthawk aircraft in service.

2013-6 people die in a 2013 Belgorod shooting|shooting -in Belgorod, Russia.

2013-The Royal Canadian Mounted Police -arrest and charge two men with 2013 VIA Rail Canada terrorism plot|plotting to disrupt a Toronto area train service in a plot claimed to be backed by Al-Qaeda elements.

2014-More than 60 people are killed and 80 are seriously injured in a 2014 Katanga train derailment|train crash -in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Katanga Province.

Famous Birthdays

1451- Isabella I of Castile -(d. 1504)

1592- Wilhelm Schickard -German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1635)

1610- Pope Alexander VIII -(d. 1691)

1658- Giuseppe Torelli -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1709)

1690- John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville -English politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1763)

1707- Henry Fielding -English author and playwright (d. 1754)

1711- Paul II Anton, Prince Esterházy -Austrian soldier (d. 1762)

1724- Immanuel Kant -German philosopher (d. 1804)

1744- James Sullivan (governor)|James Sullivan -American lawyer and politician, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)

1757- Alessandro Rolla -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1841)

1766- Germaine de Staël -French author (d. 1817)

1812- Solomon Caesar Malan -Swiss-English orientalist (d. 1894)

1816- Charles-Denis Bourbaki -French general (d. 1897)

1832- Julius Sterling Morton -American journalist and politician, founded Arbor Day (d. 1902)

1844- Lewis Powell (conspirator)|Lewis Powell -American attempted assassin of William H. Seward (d. 1865)

1852- William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg -(d. 1912)

1854- Henri La Fontaine -Belgian lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1943)

1860- Ada Rehan -American actress (d. 1916)

1868- Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria -(d. 1924)

1870- Vladimir Lenin -Russian politician (d. 1924)

1872- Princess Margaret of Prussia -(d. 1954)

1873- Ellen Glasgow -American author (d. 1945)

1876- Róbert Bárány -Austrian physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)

1876- Georg Lurich -Estonian wrestler and strongman (d. 1920)

1879- Bernhard Gregory -Estonian-German chess player (d. 1939)

1881- Alexander Kerensky -Russian politician, 10th Prime Minister of Russia (d. 1970)

1884- Otto Rank -Austrian psychologist (d. 1939)

1886- Izidor Cankar -Slovenian historian, author, and diplomat (d. 1958)

1889- Richard Glücks -German SS officer (d. 1945)

1891- Laura Gilpin -American photographer (d. 1979)

1891- Vittorio Jano -Italian engineer (d. 1965)

1891- Harold Jeffreys -English mathematician, geophysicist, and astronomer (d. 1989)

1891- Sacco and Vanzetti|Nicola Sacco -Italian-American criminal (d. 1927)

1892- Vernon Johns -American minister and activist (d. 1965)

1899- Vladimir Nabokov -Russian-American author (d. 1977)

1904- J. Robert Oppenheimer -American physicist (d. 1967)

1905- Robert Choquette -American-Canadian author, poet, and diplomat (d. 1991)

1906- Eddie Albert -American actor (d. 2005)

1906- Eric Fenby -English composer and educator (d. 1997)

1906- Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten -(d. 1947)

1907- Ivan Yefremov -Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)

1909- Rita Levi-Montalcini -Italian neurologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)

1909- Indro Montanelli -Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)

1910- Norman Steenrod -American mathematician (d. 1971)

1912- Kathleen Ferrier -English singer (d. 1953)

1912- Kaneto Shindo -Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)

1914- Baldev Raj Chopra -Indian director and producer (d. 2008)

1914- Jan de Hartog -Dutch-American author and playwright (d. 2002)

1914- José Quiñones Gonzales -Peruvian soldier and pilot (d. 1941)

1914- Michael Wittmann -German SS officer (d. 1944)

1916- Kanan Devi -Indian actress and singer (d. 1992)

1916- Hanfried Lenz -German mathematician and educator (d. 2013)

1916- Yehudi Menuhin -American-Swiss violinist and conductor (d. 1999)

1917- Yvette Chauviré -French ballerina

1918- William Jay Smith -American poet and academic

1918- Mickey Vernon -American baseball player and coach (d. 2008)

1919- Donald J. Cram -American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)

1919- Carl Lindner, Jr. -American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2011)

1922- Richard Diebenkorn -American painter (d. 1993)

1922- Charles Mingus -American bassist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1979)

1922- Wolf V. Vishniac -American microbiologist (d. 1973)

1923- Avis Bunnage -English actress (d. 1990)

1923- Peter Kane Dufault -American poet (d. 2013)

1923- Bettie Page -American model and actress (d. 2008)

1923- Aaron Spelling -American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)

1924- Nam Duck-woo -South Korean politician, 12th Prime Minister of South Korea (d. 2013)

1925- George Cole (actor)|George Cole -English actor

1926- Charlotte Rae -American actress and singer

1926- James Stirling (architect)|James Stirling -Scottish architect, designed the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart and Seeley Historical Library (d. 1992)

1927- Laurel Aitken -Cuban-Jamaican singer (d. 2005)

1929- Michael Atiyah -English-Lebanese mathematician and academic

1929- Robert Wade-Gery -English diplomat

1930- Enno Penno -Estonian politician, Estonian government-in-exile|Prime Minister of Estonia in exile

1931- John Buchanan -Canadian lawyer and politician, 20th Premier of Nova Scotia

1931- Ronald Hynd -English dancer and choreographer

1933- Mark Damon -American film actor and producer

1933- Anthony Llewellyn -Welsh-American astronaut (d. 2013)

1934- Nico Ladenis -Tanzanian-English chef

1935- Christopher Ball (linguist)|Christopher Ball -English linguist and academic

1935- Paul Chambers -American bassist and composer (Miles Davis Quintet) (d. 1969)

1935- Mario Machado -Chinese-American journalist and actor (d. 2013)

1936- Glen Campbell -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1936- Pierre Hétu -Canadian pianist and conductor (d. 1998)

1937- Jack Nicholson -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1937- Jack Nitzsche -American singer-songwriter, pianist, and conductor (Crazy Horse (band)|Crazy Horse) (d. 2000)

1938- Gani Fawehinmi -Nigerian lawyer and activist (d. 2009)

1938- Issey Miyake -Japanese fashion designer

1938- Adam Raphael -English journalist and author

1939- Mel Carter -American singer and actor

1939- John Chilcot -English civil servant

1939- John Foley (British Army general)|John Foley -English general and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey

1939- Ray Guy (humorist)|Ray Guy -Canadian journalist (d. 2013)

1939- Jason Miller (playwright)|Jason Miller -American actor and playwright (d. 2001)

1939- Ann Mitchell -English actress

1939- Theodor Waigel -German lawyer and politician, Federal Ministry of Finance (Germany)|German Federal Minister of Finance

1941- Greville Howard, Baron Howard of Rising -English politician

1940- Marie-José Nat -French actress

1942- Giorgio Agamben -Italian philosopher and academic

1942- Denis Lill -New Zealand-English actor

1942- Mary Prior -English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Bristol

1943- Keith Crisco -American businessman and politician (d. 2014)

1943- Janet Evanovich -American author

1943- Louise Glück -American poet

1943- John Maples, Baron Maples -English lawyer and politician (d. 2012)

1944- Steve Fossett -American businessman, pilot, and sailor (d. 2007)

1944- Doug Jarrett -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)

1944- Joshua Rifkin -American conductor and musicologist

1945- William Arthur Brown -English academic

1945- Demetrio Stratos -Egyptian-Italian singer-songwriter (Area (band)|Area) (d. 1979)

1946- Steven L. Bennett -American captain and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1972)

1946- Paul Davies -English physicist and author

1946- Nicole Garcia -French actress and director

1946- Louise Harel -Canadian politician

1946- Archy Kirkwood, Baron Kirkwood of Kirkhope -Scottish politician

1946- Nicholas Stern, Baron Stern of Brentford -English economist and academic

1946- John Waters (director born 1946)|John Waters -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1948- Larry Groce -American singer-songwriter and radio host

1948- John Pritchard (bishop)|John Pritchard -English bishop

1950- Peter Frampton -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Herd (UK band)|The Herd and Humble Pie (band)|Humble Pie)

1950- Jancis Robinson -English journalist and critic

1950- Zygi Wilf -German-American businessman

1951- Paul Carrack -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Ace (band)|Ace, Squeeze (band)|Squeeze, Mike + The Mechanics, and Roxy Music)

1951- Ana María Shua -Argentinian author and poet

1952- François Berléand -French actor

1952- Marilyn Chambers -American porn actress (d. 2009)

1952- Phil Smith (basketball)|Phil Smith -American basketball player (d. 2002)

1953- Valeri Bondarenko -Estonian footballer and coach

1953- Richard Broadbent -English businessman

1953- Tom Griswold -American radio host

1953- Juhani Komulainen -Finnish composer

1954- Jōji Nakata -Japanese voice actor

1955- David Collier (sports administrator)|David Collier -English businessman

1955- Johnnie To -Hong Kong director and producer

1957- Donald Tusk -Polish politician, 14th Prime Minister of Poland

1958- Ken Olandt -American actor and producer

1959- Keith Boanas -English footballer and manager

1959- Terry Francona -American baseball player, coach, and manager

1959- Catherine Mary Stewart -Canadian actress

1959- Ryan Stiles -American-Canadian actor and producer

1960- Lloyd Honeyghan -Jamaican-English boxer

1960- Mart Laar -Estonian politician, 9th Prime Minister of Estonia

1960- Gary Rhodes -English chef and author

1960- Randall L. Stephenson -American businessman

1960- Tatiana Thumbtzen -American actress, model, and dancer

1961- Alo Mattiisen -Estonian composer (d. 1996)

1961- Ann McKechin -Scottish politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland

1961- Dewey Nicks -American photographer and director

1962- Jeff Minter -English video game designer

1962- Danièle Sauvageau -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1963- Sean Lock -English comedian and actor

1963- Magnús Ver Magnússon -Icelandic weightlifter and strongman

1964- Estelle Asmodelle -Australian model and actress

1964- Chris Makepeace -Canadian actor and director

1965- Lauri Hendler -American actress

1965- Peter Zezel -Canadian ice hockey and soccer player (d. 2009)

1966- Dana Barron -American actress

1966- Kimberley Dahme -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Boston (band)|Boston)

1966- Fletcher Dragge -American guitarist and producer (Pennywise (band)|Pennywise)

1966- Mariana Levy -Mexican actress and singer (d. 2005)

1966- Mickey Morandini -American baseball player and manager

1966- Jeffrey Dean Morgan -American actor

1967- Sheryl Lee -American actress

1967- Sherri Shepherd -American comedian, actress, and talk show host

1967- Harvey Williams (American football)|Harvey Williams -American football player

1968- Bimbo Coles -American basketball player

1968- Zarley Zalapski -Canadian-Swiss ice hockey player

1969- Dion Dublin -English footballer and sportscaster

1970- Erkki Bahovski -Estonian journalist

1970- Andrea Giani -Italian volleyball player and coach

1970- Regine Velasquez -Filipino singer, actress, and producer

1971- Daisuke Enomoto -Japanese businessman

1971- Ingo Rademacher -German-Australian actor

1972- Sabine Appelmans -Belgian tennis player

1972- Owen Finegan -Australian rugby player

1972- Milka Duno -Venezuelan race car driver

1972- Sergei Hohlov-Simson -Estonian footballer

1972- Willie Robertson -American hunter and businessman

1973- Adem Poric -English-Australian footballer

1973- Christopher Sabat -American voice actor, director, and producer

1973- Ofer Talker -Israeli footballer

1974- Opio -American rapper (Souls of Mischief and Hieroglyphics (group)|Hieroglyphics)

1974- Shavo Odadjian -Armenian-American bass player, songwriter, and producer (System of a Down and Achozen)

1975- Greg Moore (racing driver)|Greg Moore -Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)

1975- Carlos Sastre -Spanish cyclist

1975- Anders Nyström -Swedish guitarist (Katatonia, Bewitched (Swedish band) |Bewitched, Bloodbath, Diabolical Masquerade)

1976- Dan Cloutier -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1976- Paul Henderson (footballer)|Paul Henderson -Australian footballer

1976- Michał Żewłakow -Polish footballer

1977- Ambra Angiolini -Italian actress and singer

1977- Anna Eriksson -Finnish singer

1977- Aaron Fincke -American guitarist (Breaking Benjamin, Lifer, and Stardog Champion (band)|Stardog Champion)

1977- Mark van Bommel -Dutch footballer

1978- Ezekiel Jackson -Guyanese-American wrestler

1978- Paul Malakwen Kosgei -Kenyan runner

1978- Matt Orford -Australian rugby player

1978- Jason Stollsteimer -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Von Bondies and Hounds Below)

1978- Esteban Tuero -Argentinian race car driver

1979- Zoltán Gera -Hungarian footballer

1979- Daniel Johns -Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Silverchair and The Dissociatives)

1980- Igor Budan -Croatian footballer

1980- Clarke Dermody -New Zealand rugby player

1980- Nicolas Douchez -French footballer

1980- Courtney Friel -American journalist

1980- Carlos Hernández (pitcher)|Carlos Hernández -Venezuelan baseball player

1980- Kora Karvouni -Greek actress

1980- Aaron Michael Metchik -American actor

1980- Quincy Timberlake -Kenyan-Australian activist and politician

1981- Ken Dorsey -American football player

1981- Daniel Ghiță -Romanian kick-boxer

1981- Madis Kallas -Estonian decathlete and activist

1981- Rafael Sperafico -Brazilian race car driver (d. 2007)

1981- Jonathan Trott -South African-English cricketer

1981- Eglantina Zingg -Venezuelan model and actress

1982- Kaká -Brazilian footballer

1982- Cassidy Freeman -American actress, singer, and pianist

1982- Joel Monaghan -Australian rugby player

1982- David Purcey -American baseball player

1982- Aidas Reklys -Lithuanian figure skater

1982- Aleksander Saharov -Estonian footballer

1982- Noriko Shitaya -Japanese voice actress

1983- Remi Ayodele -American football player

1983- Francis Capra -American actor

1983- Elliott Jordan -English actor

1983- Sam W. Heads -English-American entomologist and palaeontologist

1983- Jos Hooiveld -Dutch footballer

1983- Matt Jones (American football)|Matt Jones -American football player

1983- Vangelis Mantzios -Greek footballer

1984- Breanne Benson -Albanian-American porn actress

1984- Amelle Berrabah -English singer-songwriter (Sugababes)

1984- Michelle Ryan -English actress

1985- Matt Ballinger -American singer and actor (Dream Street)

1985- Blake Fitzpatrick -American director and screenwriter

1985- Pablo Cáceres Rodríguez -Uruguayan footballer

1985- Kseniya Simonova -Ukrainian painter and sculptor

1986- Amber Heard -American actress

1986- Marshawn Lynch -American football player

1986- David Rendall (actor)|David Rendall -Canadian actor

1986- Dušan Šakota -Serbian-Greek basketball player

1987- BC Jean -American singer-songwriter and actress

1987- David Luiz -Brazilian footballer

1987- David Mateos -Spanish footballer

1987- John Obi Mikel -Nigerian footballer

1988- Cherise Donovan -Australian actress

1988- James Ross (performer)|James Ross -American drag queen performer

1988- Amadou Samb -Senegalese footballer

1989- DeJuan Blair -American basketball player

1989- Jasper Cillessen -Dutch footballer

1989- Thomas James Longley -English actor and model

1990- Óscar González (boxer)|Óscar González -Mexican boxer (d. 2014)

1990- Machine Gun Kelly (rapper)|Machine Gun Kelly -American rapper

1990- Eve Muirhead -Scottish curler

1990- Jade Windley -English tennis player

1992- Joc Pederson -American baseball player

1992- Kenny Stills -American football player

1992- Joonas Vaino -Estonian basketball player

1992- Robin van Helsum -Dutch criminal

1993- Ryu Hwayoung -South Korean rapper, dancer, and actress (T-ara)

1995- Victoria Rodríguez -Mexican tennis player

History of Deaths

1616- Miguel de Cervantes -Spanish author, poet, and playwright (b. 1547)

1672- Georg Stiernhielm -Swedish linguist and poet (b. 1598)

1699- Hans Erasmus Aßmann -German poet (b. 1646)

1758- Antoine de Jussieu -French biologist (b. 1686)

1806- Pierre-Charles Villeneuve -French admiral (b. 1763)

1833- Richard Trevithick -English engineer (b. 1771)

1850- Friedrich Robert Faehlmann -Estonian philologist and physician (b. 1798)

1854- Nicolás Bravo -Mexican general and politician, 11th President of Mexico (b. 1786)

1877- James P. Kirkwood -Scottish-American engineer (b. 1807)

1892- Édouard Lalo -French composer (b. 1823)

1893- Chaim Aronson -Lithuanian businessman and author (b. 1825)

1894- Kostas Krystallis -Greek author and poet (b. 1868)

1896- Thomas Meik -English engineer, founded Halcrow Group (b. 1812)

1908- Henry Campbell-Bannerman -Scottish-English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1836)

1925- André Caplet -French composer and conductor (b. 1878)

1929- Henry Lerolle -French painter (b. 1848)

1932- Ferenc Oslay -Hungarian-Slovene historian and author (b. 1883)

1933- Henry Royce -English engineer and businessman, co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited (b. 1863)

1944- Nikolaos Roussen -Greek captain (b. 1913)

1945- Wilhelm Cauer -German mathematician (b. 1900)

1945- Käthe Kollwitz -German painter and sculptor (b. 1867)

1946- Lionel Atwill -English-American actor (b. 1885)

1946- Harlan F. Stone -American lawyer and jurist, 12th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1872)

1949- Charles Middleton (actor)|Charles Middleton -American actor (b. 1874)

1950- Charles Hamilton Houston -American lawyer (b. 1895)

1951- Horace Donisthorpe -English entomologist (b. 1870)

1968- Stephen H. Sholes -American record producer (b. 1911)

1978- Will Geer -American actor (b. 1902)

1980- Jane Froman -American actress and singer (b. 1907)

1980- Fritz Strassmann -German chemist (b. 1902)

1983- John Louis Evans -American murderer (b. 1950)

1983- Earl Hines -American pianist (b. 1903)

1984- Ansel Adams -American photographer (b. 1902)

1985- Paul Hugh Emmett -American chemist and educator (b. 1900)

1985- Jacques Ferron -Canadian physician and author (b. 1921)

1986- Mircea Eliade -Romanian historian and author (b. 1907)

1987- Erika Nõva -Estonian architect (b. 1905)

1988- Grigori Kuzmin -Russian-Estonian astronomer (b. 1917)

1988- Irene Rich -American actress (b. 1891)

1989- Emilio G. Segrè -Italian-American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)

1990- Albert Salmi -American actor (b. 1928)

1994- Richard Nixon -American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 37th President of the United States (b. 1913)

1995- Jane Kenyon -American poet and author (b. 1947)

1995- Maggie Kuhn -American activist, founded the Gray Panthers (b. 1905)

1996- Erma Bombeck -American journalist and author (b. 1927)

1996- Jug McSpaden -American golfer (b. 1908)

1998- Kitch Christie -South African rugby player and coach (b. 1940)

1999- Chan Canasta -Polish-English magician (b. 1920)

1999- Munir Ahmad Khan -Pakistani-Austrian physicist and engineer (b. 1926)

1999- Apostolos Nikolaidis (singer)|Apostolos Nikolaidis -Greek-American singer (b. 1938)

2002- Linda Lovelace -American porn actress (b. 1949)

2003- Felice Bryant -American songwriter (b. 1925)

2003- James H. Critchfield -American CIA officer (b. 1917)

2003- Martha Griffiths -American lawyer, judge, and politician, 58th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (b. 1912)

2003- Mike Larrabee -American runner (b. 1933)

2004- Jason Dunham -American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)

2004- Pat Tillman -American football player and soldier (b. 1976)

2005- Norman Bird -English actor (b. 1920)

2005- Erika Fuchs -German translator (b. 1906)

2005- Philip Morrison -American physicist and academic (b. 1915)

2006- D'Iberville Fortier -Canadian diplomat (b. 1926)

2006- Alida Valli -Italian actress (b. 1921)

2007- Juanita Millender-McDonald -American educator and politician (b. 1938)

2008- Ed Chynoweth -Canadian businessman (b. 1941)

2008- Paul Davis (singer)|Paul Davis -American singer-songwriter (b. 1948)

2010- Richard Barrett (lawyer)|Richard Barrett -American lawyer and activist (b. 1943)

2011- Moin Akhter -Pakistani actor (b. 1950)

2012- John Amabile (American football)|John Amabile -American football player and coach (b. 1939)

2012- Bill Granger (author)|Bill Granger -American author (b. 1941)

2012- Buzz Potamkin -American director and producer (b. 1945)

2012- George Rathmann -American chemist, biologist, and businessman (b. 1927)

2013- Dave Gold -American businessman, founded 99 Cents Only Stores (b. 1932)

2014- George Stanley Gordon -American businessman (b. 1926)

2013- Richie Havens -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)

2013- Lalgudi Jayaraman -Indian violinist and composer (b. 1930)

2013- Mike Smith (footballer, born 1935)|Mike Smith -English footballer (b. 1935)

2013- Robert Suderburg -American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1936)

2013- J. S. Verma -Indian judge and politician, 27th Chief Justice of India (b. 1933)

2014- George H. Heilmeier -American engineer (b. 1936)

2014- Allen Jacobs -American football player and coach (b. 1941)

2014- Jovan Krkobabić -Serbian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1930)

2014- Mohammad Naseem -Pakistani-English activist (b. 1924)

2014- Werner Potzernheim -German cyclist (b. 1927)

2014- Oswaldo Vigas -Venezuelan painter (b. 1926)