This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: April-15

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

769-The Lateran Council (769)|Lateran Council -condemned the Council of Hieria and anathematized its Iconoclasm|iconoclastic rulings.

1071- Bari -the last Byzantine Empire|Byzantine possession in southern Italy, siege of Bari|is surrendered to Robert Guiscard.

1395- Tokhtamysh–Timur war -Battle of the Terek River: Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde at the Volga. The Golden Horde capital city, Sarai (city)|Sarai, is razed to the ground and Timur installs a puppet ruler on the Golden Horde throne. Tokhtamysh escapes to Grand Duchy of Lithuania|Lithuania.

1450- Battle of Formigny -Toward the end of the Hundred Years' War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France.

1632- Battle of Rain -Sweden|Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden|Gustavus Adolphus defeat the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.

1638- Tokugawa shogunate -forces put down the Shimabara Rebellion when they retake Hara Castle from the rebels.

1642- Irish Confederate Wars -A Confederate Ireland|Confederate Irish militia is routed in the Battle of Kilrush when it attempts to halt the progress of a Roundhead|Parliamentarian army.

1715-The Yamasee War#Pocotaligo massacre|Pocotaligo Massacre -triggers the start of the Yamasee War in Province of Carolina|colonial South Carolina.

1738-'' Serse -', an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel receives its premiere performance in London, England.

1755- Samuel Johnson -s ''A Dictionary of the English Language'' is published in London.

1783-Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War -(or American War of Independence) are ratified.

1802- William Wordsworth -and his sister, Dorothy Wordsworth|Dorothy see a "long belt" of daffodils, inspiring the former to pen ''I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud''.

1817- Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet -and Laurent Clerc founded the American School for the Deaf, the first American school for deaf students, in Hartford, Connecticut.

1861-President Abraham Lincoln -calls for President Lincoln's 75,000 Volunteers|75,000 Volunteers to quell the insurrection that soon became the American Civil War

1865- Abraham Lincoln -dies after being shot the previous evening by actor John Wilkes Booth.

1892-The General Electric|General Electric Company -is formed. Image:Titanic-New York Herald front page.jpeg|right|thumb|{{RMS|Titanic}} disaster.

1896-Closing ceremony of the 1896 Summer Olympics|Games of the I Olympiad -in Athens, Greece.

1900- Philippine–American War -Filipinos|Filipino guerrillas launch a surprise attack on U.S. infantry and begin a Siege of Catubig|four-day siege of Catubig, Northern Samar|Catubig, Philippines.

1907- Triangle Fraternity -was founded at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

1912-The British passenger liner {{RMS|Titanic}} sinks in the Atlantic Ocean|North Atlantic -at 2:20 a.m., two hours and forty minutes after hitting an iceberg. Only 710 of 2,227 passengers and crew on board survive.

1920-Two security guards are murdered during a robbery in South Braintree, Massachusetts -Anarchism|Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti would be convicted of and executed for the crime, amid much controversy.

1921- Black Friday (1921)|Black Friday -mine owners announce more wage and price cuts, leading to the threat of a strike all across England.

1922-U.S. Senator John B. Kendrick -of Wyoming introduces a resolution calling for an investigation of secret land deal, which leads to the discovery of the Teapot Dome scandal.

1923- Insulin -becomes generally available for use by people with diabetes mellitus|diabetes.

1924- Rand McNally -publishes its first road atlas.

1927-The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 -the most destructive river flood in U.S. history, begins.

1935- Roerich Pact -signed in Washington, D.C.

1936-First day of the 1936–39 Arab revolt in Palestine|Arab revolt -in Mandatory Palestine.

1936- Aer Lingus -(Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.

1940-The Allies of World War II|Allies -begin their attack on the Norway|Norwegian town of Narvik which is occupied by Nazi Germany.

1941-In the Belfast Blitz -two-hundred bombers of the German Luftwaffe attack Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom killing one thousand people.

1942-The George Cross -is awarded "to the island fortress of Malta

1945-The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp -is liberated.

1947- Jackie Robinson -debuts for the History of the Brooklyn Dodgers|Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking Baseball color line|baseball's color line.

1955- McDonald's -restaurant dates its founding to the opening of a franchised restaurant by Ray Kroc, in Des Plaines, Illinois

1957- White Rock, British Columbia -officially separates from Surrey, British Columbia and is municipal incorporation|incorporated as a new city.

1960-At Shaw University -in Raleigh, North Carolina, Ella Baker leads a conference that results in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, one of the principal organizations of the African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968)|African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

1964-The first Ford Mustang -rolls off the show room floor, two days before it is set to go on sale nationwide.

1969-The EC-121 shootdown incident -North Korea shoots down a United States Navy aircraft over the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 on board.

1970-During the Cambodian Civil War -massacres of the Vietnamese Cambodian|Vietnamese minority results in 800 bodies flowing down the Mekong River into South Vietnam.

1984-The inaugural World Youth Day -is held in St. Peter's Square, Vatican City.

1986-The United States -launches Operation El Dorado Canyon, its bombing raids against History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi#Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2012)|Libyan targets in response to a bombing in West Germany that killed two U.S. servicemen.

1989- Hillsborough disaster -A human crush occurs at Hillsborough Stadium, home of Sheffield Wednesday F.C.|Sheffield Wednesday, in the FA Cup Semi-final, resulting in the deaths of 96 Liverpool F.C.|Liverpool fans.

1989-Upon Hu Yaobang -s death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 begin in China.

2013- Boston Marathon bombings|Two bombs explode -near the finish line at the 2013 Boston Marathon|Boston Marathon in Boston, Massachusetts, killing three people and injuring 264 others.

2014-More than 200 female students are declared missing after a 2014 Chibok kidnapping|mass kidnapping -in Borno State, Nigeria.

2014-A total April 2014 lunar eclipse|lunar eclipse -occurs, producing a Blood Moon.

Famous Birthdays

1367- Henry IV of England -(d. 1413)

1452- Leonardo da Vinci -Italian painter, sculptor, and architect (d. 1519)

1552- Pietro Cataldi -Italian mathematician and astronomer (d. 1626)

1588- Claudius Salmasius -French scholar (d. 1653)

1641- Robert Sibbald -Scottish physician (d. 1722)

1642- Suleiman II -Ottoman sultan (d. 1691)

1646- Christian V of Denmark -(d. 1699)

1646- Pierre Poiret -French mystic and philosopher (d. 1719)

1684- Catherine I of Russia -(d. 1727)

1688- Johann Friedrich Fasch -German violinist and composer (d. 1758)

1707- Leonhard Euler -Swiss mathematician and physicist (d. 1783)

1710- William Cullen -Scottish physician and chemist (d. 1790)

1721- Prince William, Duke of Cumberland -(d. 1765)

1741- Charles Willson Peale -American painter and soldier (d. 1827)

1771- Nicolas Chopin -French educator (d. 1844)

1772- Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire -French biologist (d. 1844)

1793- Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve -German astronomer and academic (d. 1864)

1800- James Clark Ross -English captain and explorer (d. 1862)

1809- Hermann Grassmann -German linguist and mathematician (d. 1877)

1828- Jean Danjou -French captain (d. 1863)

1832- Wilhelm Busch -German poet, painter, and illustrator (d. 1908)

1841- Joseph E. Seagram -Canadian businessman and politician, founded the Seagram|Seagram Company Ltd (d. 1919)

1843- Henry James -American-English author (d. 1916)

1851- Ponnambalam Ramanathan -Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 3rd Solicitor General of Sri Lanka (d. 1930)

1856- Jean Moréas -Greek poet and critic (d. 1910)

1858- Émile Durkheim -French sociologist (d. 1917)

1861- Bliss Carman -Canadian-American poet (d. 1929)

1874- George Harrison Shull -American botanist and geneticist (d. 1954)

1874- Johannes Stark -German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)

1875- James J. Jeffries -American boxer (d. 1953)

1878- Robert Walser (writer)|Robert Walser -Swiss author (d. 1956)

1879- Melville Henry Cane -American lawyer and poet (d. 1980)

1883- Stanley Bruce -Australian politician, 8th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)

1885- Tadeusz Kutrzeba -Polish general (d. 1947)

1886- Nikolay Gumilev -Russian poet and critic (d. 1921)

1888- Maximilian Kronberger -German poet (d. 1904)

1889- Thomas Hart Benton (painter)|Thomas Hart Benton -American painter (d. 1975)

1889- A. Philip Randolph -American activist (d. 1979)

1890- Percy Shaw -English businessman, invented the Cat's eye (road)|cat's eye (d. 1976)

1892- Theo Osterkamp -German pilot (d. 1975)

1892- Corrie ten Boom -Dutch-American author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)

1894- Nikita Khrushchev -Russian general and politician, 7th Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1971)

1894- Bessie Smith -American singer and actress (d. 1937)

1895- Clark McConachy -New Zealand snooker player (d. 1980)

1896- Nikolay Semyonov -Russian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)

1901- Joe Davis -English snooker player (d. 1978)

1901- Ajoy Mukherjee -Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 1986)

1901- René Pleven -French politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1993)

1902- Fernando Pessa -Portuguese journalist (d. 2002)

1904- Arshile Gorky -Armenian-American painter (d. 1948)

1907- Nikolaas Tinbergen -Dutch ethologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)

1908- Eden Ahbez -American singer-songwriter (d. 1995)

1908- Lita Grey -American actress (d. 1995)

1910- Miguel Najdorf -Polish-Argentinian chess player (d. 1997)

1912- Kim Il-sung -North Korean politician, Eternal President of the Republic|Eternal President of North Korea (d. 1994)

1916- Alfred S. Bloomingdale -American businessman (d. 1982)

1916- Helene Hanff -American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)

1917- Hans Conried -American actor (d. 1982)

1917- James Kee -American politician (d. 1989)

1919- Alberto Breccia -Uruguayan-Argentinian author and illustrator (d. 1993)

1920- Godfrey Stafford -English-South African physicist (d. 2013)

1920- Thomas Szasz -Hungarian-American psychiatrist and academic (d. 2012)

1920- Richard von Weizsäcker -German politician, 6th President of Germany

1921- Georgy Beregovoy -Ukrainian-Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1995)

1921- Angelo DiGeorge -American physician (d. 2009)

1922- Michael Ansara -Syrian-American actor (d. 2013)

1922- Joyce Jacobs -English-Australian actress (d. 2013)

1922- Hasrat Jaipuri -Indian poet and songwriter (d. 1999)

1922- Harold Washington -American lawyer and politician, 51st Mayor of Chicago (d. 1987)

1923- Artur Alliksaar -Estonian poet (d. 1966)

1923- Robert DePugh -American activist, founded the Minutemen (anti-Communist organization)|Minutemen Organization (d. 2009)

1923- Douglas Wass -English civil servant

1924- M. Canagaratnam -Sri Lankan politician (d. 1980)

1924- Neville Marriner -English violinist and conductor

1925- George Shuffler -American guitarist (The Bailey Brothers and the Happy Valley Boys) (d. 2014)

1926- Maurice Shock -English academic

1927- Robert Mills (physicist)|Robert Mills -American physicist (d. 1999)

1929- Gérald Beaudoin -Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2008)

1929- Adrian Cadbury -English rower and businessman

1930- Georges Descrières -French actor (d. 2013)

1930- Vigdís Finnbogadóttir -Icelandic educator and politician, 4th President of Iceland

1931- Kenneth Bloomfield -Irish civil servant

1931- Tomas Tranströmer -Swedish poet and psychologist, Nobel Prize for Literature|Nobel Prize laureate

1932- Suresh Bhat -Indian poet (d. 2003)

1933- Roy Clark -American singer and actor

1933- David Hamilton (photographer)|David Hamilton -English-French photographer and director

1933- Elizabeth Montgomery -American actress (d. 1995)

1933- Jim Towers -English footballer (d. 2010)

1933- Kōji Yada -Japanese voice actor (d. 2014)

1935- Stavros Paravas -Greek actor (d. 2008)

1936- Raymond Poulidor -French cyclist

1937- Bob Luman -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1978)

1937- Uldis Pūcītis -Latvian actor and film director (d. 2000)

1938- Claudia Cardinale -Tunisian-Italian actress

1938- Hso Khan Pha -Burmese-Canadian geologist and politician

1939- Marty Wilde -English singer-songwriter and actor

1940- Jeffrey Archer -English author, playwright, and politician

1940- Sean Caffrey -Irish actor (d. 2013)

1940- Willie Davis (baseball)|Willie Davis -American baseball player and actor (d. 2010)

1940- Woodie Fryman -American baseball player (d. 2011)

1940- Robert Lacroix -Canadian economist and academic

1940- Yossef Romano -Libyan-Israeli weightlifter (d. 1972)

1940- Robert Walker, Jr. -American actor

1941- Howard Berman -American lawyer and politician

1942- Francis X. DiLorenzo -American bishop

1942- Walt Hazzard -American basketball player and coach (d. 2011)

1942- Kenneth Lay -American businessman (d. 2006)

1942- Tim Lankester -English economist and academic

1943- Robert Lefkowitz -American physician, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate

1943- Hugh Thompson, Jr. -American soldier and pilot (d. 2006)

1943- Veronica Linklater, Baroness Linklater -English politician

1944- Dzhokhar Dudayev -Russian-Chechen general and politician, 1st President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (d. 1996)

1944- Dave Edmunds -Welsh singer, guitarist, and producer (Love Sculpture and Rockpile)

1946- John Lloyd (journalist)|John Lloyd -Scottish journalist

1946- Pete Rouse -American politician, White House Chief of Staff

1946- Michael Tucci -American actor

1947- Linda Bloodworth-Thomason -American screenwriter and producer

1947- Martin Broughton -English businessman

1947- Lois Chiles -American model and actress

1947- David Omand -English civil servant and academic

1947- Cristina Husmark Pehrsson -Swedish nurse and politician

1947- Woolly Wolstenholme -English singer and keyboard player (Barclay James Harvest) (d. 2010)

1948- Christopher Brown (museum director)|Christopher Brown -English curator

1948- Michael Kamen -American composer and conductor (d. 2003)

1949- Alla Pugacheva -Russian singer-songwriter and actress

1949- Craig Zadan -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1950- Josiane Balasko -French actress, director, and screenwriter

1950- Amy Wright -American actress

1951- Heloise (columnist)|Heloise -American journalist and author

1951- John L. Phillips -American captain and astronaut

1951- Stuart Prebble -English broadcaster

1952- Bengt Gingsjö -Swedish swimmer

1952- Kym Gyngell -Australian actor

1952- Sam McMurray -American actor

1952- Brian Muir (sculptor)|Brian Muir -English sculptor and set designer

1952- Avital Ronell -American philosopher

1952- Glenn Shadix -American actor (d. 2010)

1954- Seka -American porn actress

1955- Mark Damazer -English broadcaster and academic

1955- Dodi Fayed -Egyptian film producer (d. 1997)

1956- Michael Cooper -American basketball player and coach

1957- Evelyn Ashford -American runner

1958- Keith Acton -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1958- Abu Hamza al-Masri -Egyptian-English criminal

1958- Noni Ioannidou -Greek model and actress

1958- Memos Ioannou -Greek basketball player and coach

1958- Sir Robert Smith, 3rd Baronet -Scottish politician

1958- Benjamin Zephaniah -English actor, author, poet, and playwright

1959- Fruit Chan -Chinese director, producer, and screenwriter

1959- Kevin Lowe -Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1959- Emma Thompson -English actress and screenwriter

1959- Thomas F. Wilson -American actor

1960- Pierre Aubry -Canadian ice hockey player

1960- Susanne Bier -Danish director and screenwriter

1960- Pedro Delgado -Spanish cyclist

1960- Tony Jones (snooker player)|Tony Jones -English snooker player

1961- Neil Carmichael (Conservative politician)|Neil Carmichael -English academic and politician

1962- Surjit Bindrakhia -Indian singer (d. 2003)

1962- Nawal El Moutawakel -Moroccan hurdler

1962- Tom Kane -American voice actor

1963- Alex Crawford -Nigerian-South African journalist

1963- Bobby Pepper -American journalist

1965- Linda Perry -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (4 Non Blondes)

1966- Samantha Fox -English singer and actress

1966- Mott Green -American businessman, founded the Grenada Chocolate Company (d. 2013)

1967- Frankie Poullain -Scottish bass player and songwriter (The Darkness (band)|The Darkness)

1967- Dara Torres -American swimmer

1968- Ben Clarke -English rugby player

1968- Ed O'Brien -English guitarist and songwriter (Radiohead)

1968- Stacey Williams -American model and actress

1969- Jeromy Burnitz -American baseball player

1969- Kaisa Roose -Estonian conductor

1969- Jimmy Waite -Canadian-German ice hockey player

1970- Flex Alexander -American actor

1970- Chris Huffins -American decathlete

1971- Kate Harbour -English voice actress

1971- Katy Hill -English television host

1971- Meelis Loit -Estonian fencer

1971- Jason Sehorn -American football player

1971- Karl Turner (politician)|Karl Turner -English politician

1972- Arturo Gatti -Italian-Canadian boxer (d. 2009)

1972- Lou Romano -American animator and voice actor

1974- Keith Malley -American comedian and actor

1974- Kim Min-kyo -South Korean actor and director

1974- Danny Pino -American actor

1974- Mike Quinn -American football player

1974- Douglas Spain -American actor, director, and producer

1974- Tim Thomas (ice hockey)|Tim Thomas -American ice hockey player

1975- Paul Dana -American race car driver (d. 2006)

1975- Philip Labonte -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (All That Remains (band)|All That Remains and Shadows Fall)

1976- Jason Bonsignore -Canadian ice hockey player

1976- Darius Regelskis -Lithuanian footballer

1976- Kęstutis Šeštokas -Lithuanian basketball player

1976- Susan Ward -American actress

1976- Steve Williams (rower)|Steve Williams -English rower

1977- Sudarsan Pattnaik -Indian sculptor

1977- Brian Pothier -American ice hockey player

1978- Austin Aries -American wrestler

1978- Milton Bradley (baseball)|Milton Bradley -American baseball player

1978- Tim Corcoran (pitcher)|Tim Corcoran -American baseball player

1978- Luis Fonsi -Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter

1980- Patrick Carney -American drummer (The Black Keys and Drummer (band)|Drummer)

1980- James Foster (cricketer)|James Foster -English cricketer

1980- Michelle L'amour -American dancer

1980- Raül López -Spanish basketball player

1980- Willie Mason -Australian rugby player

1980- Aida Mollenkamp -American chef and author

1980- Víctor Núñez -Costa Rican footballer

1980- Fränk Schleck -Luxembourger cyclist

1980- Billy Yates (American football)|Billy Yates -American football player

1981- Andrés D'Alessandro -Argentinian footballer

1982- Michael Aubrey -American baseball player

1982- Anthony Green (musician)|Anthony Green -American singer-songwriter (Circa Survive, The Sound of Animals Fighting, Saosin, High and Driving, and Zolof the Rock & Roll Destroyer)

1982- Albert Riera -Spanish footballer

1982- Seth Rogen -Canadian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1983- Blu (rapper)|Blu -American rapper and producer (All City Chess Club)

1983- Alice Braga -Brazilian actress

1983- Matt Cardle -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Seven Summers and Darwyn (band)|Darwyn)

1983- Dudu Cearense -Brazilian footballer

1983- Ilya Kovalchuk -Russian ice hockey player

1983- Bronson La'Cassie -Australian golfer

1983- Martin Pedersen (cyclist)|Martin Pedersen -Danish cyclist

1983- Anthony Sedlak -Canadian chef (d. 2012)

1984- Cam Janssen -American ice hockey player

1984- Ben Kasica -American guitarist and producer (Skillet (band)|Skillet)

1984- Daniel Paille -Canadian hockey player

1985- Chris Cates -American baseball player

1985- John Danks -American baseball player

1985- Ryan Hamilton (ice hockey player)|Ryan Hamilton -Canadian ice hockey player

1985- Aaron Laffey -American baseball player

1985- Amy Ried -American porn actress

1985- Diana Zubiri -Filipino actress

1986- Tom Heaton -English footballer

1986- Sylvain Marveaux -French footballer

1986- Quincy Owusu-Abeyie -Ghanaian footballer

1987- Iyaz -Virgin Islander singer-songwriter

1987- Sapphire Elia -English actress and singer

1987- Samira Wiley -American Actress

1988- Thomas Albanese -Italian footballer

1988- Steven Defour -Belgian footballer

1988- Yann David -French rugby player

1988- Eliza Doolittle (singer)|Eliza Doolittle -English singer-songwriter

1988- Manami Numakura -Japanese voice actress

1988- Beate Schrott -Austrian hurdler

1989- Andre Kinney -American actor

1990- Lily Carter -American porn actress

1990- Emma Watson -French-English actress

1991- Daiki Arioka -Japanese actor and singer (Hey! Say! JUMP)

1992- Amy Diamond -Swedish singer and actress

1992- Kimberly Dos Ramos -Venezuelan actress and singer

1992- John Guidetti -Swedish footballer

1992- Richard Sandrak -Ukrainian-American bodybuilder, martial artist, and actor

1993- Madeleine Martin -American actress

1995- Kim Nam-joo (singer)|Kim Nam-joo -South Korean singer, vocalist, dancer, actress and model (A Pink and Apink BnN)

1996- İpek Soylu -Turkish tennis player

1997- Maisie Williams -English actress

History of Deaths

628- Empress Suiko -of Japan (b. 554)

1053- Godwin, Earl of Wessex -(b. 1001)

1220- Adolf of Altena -German archbishop (b. 1157)

1415- Manuel Chrysoloras -Greek educator (b. 1355)

1446- Filippo Brunelleschi -Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1377)

1610- Robert Persons -English priest (b. 1546)

1632- George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore -English politician, Secretary of State (England)|English Secretary of State (b. 1580)

1641- Domenico Zampieri -Italian painter (b. 1581)

1652- Patriarch Joseph -Russian patriarch

1659- Simon Dach -German poet (b. 1605)

1704- Johannes Hudde -Dutch mathematician and politician (b. 1628)

1719- Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon -French wife of Louis XIV of France (b. 1635)

1754- Jacopo Riccati -Italian mathematician (b. 1676)

1761- Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll -Scottish lawyer and politician (b. 1682)

1761- William Oldys -English historian and author (b. 1696)

1764- Madame de Pompadour -French mistress of Louis XV of France (b. 1721)

1764- Peder Horrebow -Danish astronomer and mathematician (b. 1679)

1765- Mikhail Lomonosov -Russian chemist and physicist (b. 1711)

1788- Giuseppe Bonno -Austrian composer (b. 1711)

1793- Ignacije Szentmartony -Croatian priest, mathematician, and astronomer (b. 1718)

1854- Arthur Aikin -English chemist and mineralogist (b. 1773)

1861- Sylvester Jordan -Austrian-German lawyer and politician (b. 1792)

1865- Abraham Lincoln -American captain, lawyer, and politician, 16th President of the United States (b. 1809)

1888- Matthew Arnold -English poet and critic (b. 1822)

1889- Father Damien -Belgian priest and saint (b. 1840)

1898- Te Keepa Te Rangihiwinui -New Zealand commander

1917- János Murkovics -Slovene author, poet, and educator (b. 1839)

1927- Gaston Leroux -French journalist and author (b. 1868)

1931- Joe Masseria -Mafia Boss, (b. 1886)

1938- César Vallejo -Peruvian journalist, poet, and playwright (b. 1892)

1942- Robert Musil -Austrian author (b. 1880)

1943- Aristarkh Lentulov -Russian painter and set designer (b. 1882)

1944- Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin -Russian general (b. 1901)

1945- Hermann Florstedt -German SS officer (b. 1895)

1948- Radola Gajda -Montenegrin-Czech general and politician (b. 1892)

1949- Wallace Beery -American actor (b. 1885)

1957- Pedro Infante -Mexican actor and singer (b. 1917)

1962- Clara Blandick -American actress (b. 1880)

1962- Arsenio Lacson -Filipino journalist and politician, Mayor of Manila (b. 1911)

1963- Edward Greeves, Jr. -Australian footballer (b. 1903)

1967- Totò -Italian actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1898)

1969- Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg -(b. 1887)

1970- Ripper Collins -American baseball player (b. 1904)

1971- Gurgen Boryan -Armenian poet and playwright (b. 1915)

1971- Dan Reeves (Rams owner)|Dan Reeves -American businessman (b. 1912)

1971- Friedebert Tuglas -Estonian author and critic (b. 1886)

1974- Giovanni D'Anzi -Italian songwriter (b. 1906)

1975- Richard Conte -American actor (b. 1910)

1980- Raymond Bailey -American actor (b. 1904)

1980- Jean-Paul Sartre -French philosopher and author, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)

1982- Arthur Lowe -English actor (b. 1915)

1983- John Engstead -American photographer (b. 1909)

1983- Corrie ten Boom -Dutch-American author and holocaust survivor (b. 1892)

1984- Tommy Cooper -Welsh comedian and magician (b. 1921)

1984- Alexander Trocchi -Scottish author (b. 1925)

1986- Jean Genet -French author and playwright (b. 1910)

1988- Kenneth Williams -English actor (b. 1926)

1989- Nesuhi Ertegun -Turkish-American record producer (b. 1917)

1989- Charles Vanel -French actor and director (b. 1892)

1989- Hu Yaobang -Chinese politician (b. 1915)

1990- Greta Garbo -Swedish-American actress (b. 1905)

1992- Otis Barton -American diver and actor (b. 1899)

1993- Leslie Charteris -Singaporean-English author and screenwriter (b. 1907)

1993- John Tuzo Wilson -Canadian geologist (b. 1908)

1994- John Curry -English figure skater (b. 1949)

1995- Harry Shoulberg -American painter (b. 1903)

1998- Pol Pot -Cambodian politician, 29th Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1925)

1999- Harvey Postlethwaite -English engineer (b. 1944)

2000- Edward Gorey -American poet and illustrator (b. 1925)

2001- Joey Ramone -American singer-songwriter (Ramones and Sniper (American band)|Sniper) (b. 1951)

2002- Damon Knight -American author and critic (b. 1922)

2002- Byron White -American football player, lawyer, and jurist, 4th United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1917)

2003- Reg Bundy -English actor and dancer (b. 1941)

2003- Erin Fleming -Canadian-American actress (b. 1941)

2004- Ray Condo -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1950)

2004- Mitsuteru Yokoyama -Japanese illustrator (b. 1934)

2005- Margaretta Scott -English actress (b. 1912)

2007- Brant Parker -American illustrator (b. 1920)

2008- Sean Costello -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1979)

2008- Benoît Lamy -Belgian director and screenwriter (b. 1945)

2008- Krister Stendahl -Swedish bishop, theologian, and scholar (b. 1921)

2009- Ed Blake -American baseball player (b. 1925)

2009- Clement Freud -German-English journalist and politician (b. 1924)

2009- László Tisza -Hungarian-American physicist and educator (b. 1907)

2010- Jack Herer -American author and activist (b. 1939)

2010- Michael Pataki -American actor and director (b. 1938)

2011- Vittorio Arrigoni -Italian journalist, author, and activist (b. 1975)

2012- Paul Bogart -American director and producer (b. 1919)

2012- Bob Perani -Italian-American ice hockey player (b. 1942)

2012- Murray Rose -English-Australian swimmer and actor (b. 1939)

2012- Rich Saul -American football player (b. 1948)

2012- Dwayne Schintzius -American basketball player (b. 1968)

2012- Bob Wright (basketball)|Bob Wright -American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)

2012- Tadashi Yamamoto -Japanese businessman (b. 1936)

2013- Sal Castro -American educator and activist (b. 1933)

2013- Benny Frankie Cerezo -Puerto Rican-American lawyer and politician (b. 1943)

2013- Richard Collins (actor)|Richard Collins -Canadian actor (b. 1947)

2013- Benjamin Fain -Ukrainian-Israeli physicist and academic (b. 1930)

2013- Joe Francis (American football)|Joe Francis -American football player and coach (b. 1936)

2013- Richard LeParmentier -American-English actor and screenwriter (b. 1946)

2013- Dave McArtney -New Zealand singer-songwriter and guitarist (Hello Sailor (band)|Hello Sailor) (b. 1951)

2013- Scott Miller (pop musician)|Scott Miller -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Game Theory (band)|Game Theory and The Loud Family) (b. 1960)

2013- Cleyde Yáconis -Brazilian actress (b. 1923)

2014- Júnior (Filipino singer)|Júnior -Filipino-Spanish singer and actor (b. 1943)

2014- Little Joe Cook -American singer-songwriter (b. 1922)

2014- Shane Gibson (musician)|Shane Gibson -American guitarist (stOrk and Jonathan Davis and the SFA) (b. 1979)

2014- John Houbolt -American engineer and academic (b. 1919)

2014- Eliseo Verón -Argentinian sociologist and academic (b. 1935)

2014- Owen Woodhouse -New Zealand commander and jurist (b. 1916)