This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: April-12

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


238- Gordian II -loses the Battle of Carthage (238)|Battle of Carthage against the Numidian forces loyal to Maximinus Thrax and is killed. Gordian I, his father, commits suicide.

240- Shapur I -is crowned as king of the Sasanian Empire.

467- Anthemius -is elevated to Roman emperor|Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

627-King Edwin of Northumbria -is converted to Christianity by Paulinus of York|Paulinus, bishop of York.

1204-The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade -breach the walls of Constantinople and Siege of Constantinople (1204)|enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day.

1606-The Union Flag -is adopted as the flag of Kingdom of England|English and Kingdom of Scotland|Scottish ships.

1776- American Revolution -With the Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes its Second Continental Congress|Congressional delegation to vote for independence from Kingdom of Great Britain|Britain.

1820- Alexander Ypsilantis (1792-1828)|Alexander Ypsilantis -is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman Empire|Ottoman rule over Greece.

1831-Soldiers marching on the Broughton Suspension Bridge -in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.

1861- American Civil War -The war begins with Confederate States of America|Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.

1862-American Civil War: The Andrews Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase -occurs, starting from Big Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw, Georgia|Kennesaw).

1864-American Civil War: The Fort Pillow massacre -Confederate forces kill most of the African American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.

1865-American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama -falls to the Union (American Civil War)|Union Army.

1877-The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|United Kingdom -annexes the South African Republic|Transvaal.

1910-{{SMS|Zrínyi}}, one of the last pre-dreadnought -built by the Austro-Hungary|Austro-Hungarian Navy, is launched.

1917- World War I -Canada|Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Battle of Vimy Ridge|Vimy Ridge from the Germans.

1927- April 12 Incident -Chiang Kai-shek orders the Communist Party of China members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front (China)|First United Front.

1928-The Bremen (aircraft)|Bremen -a German Junkers W33 type aircraft, takes off for the first successful transatlantic aeroplane flight from east to west.

1934-The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington (New Hampshire)|Mount Washington -New Hampshire.

1934-The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike -begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strike action|strikers and picketers.

1935-First flight of the Bristol Aeroplane Company|Bristol -Bristol Blenheim|Blenheim.

1937-Sir Frank Whittle -ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at Rugby, Warwickshire|Rugby, England.

1945-U.S. President of the United States|President -Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President.

1955-The polio vaccine -developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared Jonas Salk#Test results announced|safe and effective.

1961-The Soviet Union|Soviet -cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight, in Vostok spacecraft|Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1).

1963-The Soviet Union|Soviet -nuclear-powered submarine Soviet submarine K-33|K-33 collides with the Finland|Finnish merchant vessel M/S ''Finnclipper'' in the Denmark|Danish straits.

1970- Soviet submarine K-8 -carrying four nuclear torpedoes, sinks in the Bay of Biscay four days after a fire on board.

1980- Samuel Doe -takes control of Liberia in a ''coup d'état'', ending over 130 years of minority Americo-Liberian rule over the country.

1980- Terry Fox -begins his "Marathon of Hope" at St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador|St. John's, Newfoundland.

1981-The first launch of a Space Shuttle -(''Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia'') takes place - the STS-1 mission.

1990- Jim Gary -s "Twentieth Century Dinosaurs" exhibition opens at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.. He is the only sculptor ever invited to present a solo show|solo exhibition there.

1992-The ''Euro Disney Resort'' officially opens with its theme park '' Disneyland Park (Paris)|Euro Disneyland -'. The resort and its park's name are subsequently changed to Disneyland Paris.

1994- Canter & Siegel -post the first commercial mass Usenet Newsgroup spam|spam.

1998-An earthquake -in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter magnitude scale|Richter scale occurs near the town of Bovec.

1999-US President Bill Clinton -is cited for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false statements" in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.

2002-A female suicide bomber -blows herself up at the entrance to Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda open-air market, killing 7 and wounding 104.

2007-A suicide bomber 2007 Iraqi Parliament bombing|penetrates the Green Zone and detonates -in a cafeteria within a parliament building, killing Iraqi MP Mohammed Awad and wounding more than twenty other people.

2009- Zimbabwe -officially abandons the Zimbabwe Dollar as its official currency.

2010-A 2010 Merano train derailment|train derails -near Merano, Italy, after running into a landslide, causing nine deaths and injuring 28 people.

2014-A 2014 Valparaíso wildfire|wildfire -ravages the Chilean city of Valparaíso, killing 16, displacing nearly 10,000, and destroying over 2,000 homes.

Famous Birthdays


1484- Antonio da Sangallo the Younger -Italian architect, designed the Apostolic Palace and St. Peter's Basilica (d. 1546)

1500- Joachim Camerarius -German scholar (d. 1574)

1526- Muretus -French philosopher (d. 1585)

1550- Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford -English courtier and politician, Lord Great Chamberlain (d. 1604)

1577- Christian IV of Denmark -(d. 1648)

1705- William Cookworthy -English minister and pharmacist (d. 1780)

1710- Caffarelli (castrato)|Caffarelli -Italian opera singer (d. 1783)

1713- Guillaume Thomas François Raynal -French author (d. 1796)

1716- Felice Giardini -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1796)

1722- Pietro Nardini -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1793)

1724- Lyman Hall -American physician, clergyman, and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia (d. 1790)

1748- Antoine Laurent de Jussieu -French botanist (d. 1836)

1777- Henry Clay -American lawyer and politician, 9th United States Secretary of State (d. 1852)

1792- John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham -English politician, Lord Privy Seal (d. 1840)

1794- Germinal Pierre Dandelin -Belgian mathematician and engineer (d. 1847)

1796- George N. Briggs -American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861)

1799- Henri Druey -Swiss politician (d. 1855)

1801- Joseph Lanner -Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1843)

1823- Alexander Ostrovsky -Russian playwright (d. 1886)

1839- Nikolay Przhevalsky -Russian geographer (d. 1888)

1848- José Gautier Benítez -Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)

1851- Edward Walter Maunder -English astronomer (d. 1928)

1852- Ferdinand von Lindemann -German mathematician (d. 1939)

1856- Martin Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington -English mountaineer, cartographer, and politician (d. 1937)

1866- Princess Viktoria of Prussia -(d. 1929)

1868- Akiyama Saneyuki -Japanese admiral (d. 1918)

1868- Ella Gaunt Smith -American businesswoman (d. 1932)

1869- Henri Désiré Landru -French serial killer (d. 1922)

1871- Ioannis Metaxas -Greek general and politician, 130th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1941)

1874- William B. Bankhead -American politician, 47th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1940)

1880- Addie Joss -American baseball player (d. 1911)

1883- Dally Messenger -Australian rugby player (d. 1959)

1884- Tenby Davies -Welsh runner (d. 1932)

1884- Otto Meyerhof -German physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1951)

1885- Robert Delaunay -French painter (d. 1941)

1887- Harold Lockwood -American actor (d. 1918)

1888- Kaarlo Koskelo -Finnish wrestler (d. 1953)

1888- Heinrich Neuhaus -Ukrainian-Russian pianist (d. 1964)

1892- Johnny Dodds -American clarinet player and saxophonist (d. 1940)

1893- Robert Harron -American actor (d. 1920)

1894- Francisco Craveiro Lopes -Portuguese field marshal and politician, 13th President of Portugal (d. 1964)

1898- Lily Pons -French-American soprano and actress (d. 1976)

1901- Lowell Stockman -American politician (d. 1962)

1902- Louis Beel -Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1977)

1903- Jan Tinbergen -Dutch economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)

1907- Felix de Weldon -Austrian-American sculptor, designed the Marine Corps War Memorial (d. 2003)

1907- Hardie Gramatky -American author and painter (d. 1979)

1908- Ida Pollock -British writer (d. 2013)

1908- Robert Lee Scott, Jr. -American pilot and general (d. 2006)

1911- Mahmoud Younis -Egyptian engineer (d. 1976)

1912- Frank Dilio -Canadian businessman (d. 1997)

1912- Walt Gorney -American actor (d. 2004)

1912- Hamengkubuwono IX -Indonesian politician, 2nd List of Vice Presidents of Indonesia|Vice President of Indonesia (d. 1988)

1912- Hound Dog Taylor -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1975)

1913- Keiko Fukuda -Japanese-American martial artist (d. 2013)

1914- Armen Alchian -American economist (d. 2013)

1916- Beverly Cleary -American author

1916- Russell Garcia (composer)|Russell Garcia -American-New Zealand composer (d. 2011)

1916- Benjamin Libet -American neuropsychologist and academic (d. 2007)

1917- Helen Forrest -American singer (d. 1999)

1919- István Anhalt -Hungarian-Canadian composer (d. 2012)

1919- Billy Vaughn -American singer and bandleader (d. 1991)

1921- Robert Cliche -Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1978)

1922- Simon Kapwepwe -Zambian politician, 2nd Vice President of Zambia (d. 1980)

1922- Audrey Long -American actress (d. 2014)

1923- Ann Miller -American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2004)

1924- Raymond Barre -French economist and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2007)

1924- Peter Safar -Austrian physician (d. 2003)

1925- Joe Bowman (marksman)|Joe Bowman -American target shooter and boot maker (d. 2009)

1925- Ned Miller -American singer-songwriter

1925- Oliver Postgate -English animator, puppeteer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1927- Thomas Hemsley -English opera singer (d. 2013)

1928- Hardy Krüger -German actor

1928- Jean-François Paillard -French conductor (d. 2013)

1929- Elspet Gray -Scottish actress (d. 2013)

1929- Mukhran Machavariani -Georgian poet (d. 2010)

1930- Manuel Neri -American sculptor and painter

1930- Michał Życzkowski -Polish technician and educator (d. 2006)

1930- Bryan Magee -English philosopher and politician

1931- Leonid Derbenyov -Russian poet and songwriter (d. 1995)

1932- Lakshman Kadirgamar -Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 5th Minister of Foreign Affairs (Sri Lanka)|Minister of Foreign Affairs for Sri Lanka (d. 2005)

1932- Jean-Pierre Marielle -French actor

1932- Julio Ojeda Pascual -Spanish-Peruvian bishop (d. 2013)

1932- Tiny Tim (musician)|Tiny Tim -American singer and ukulele player (d. 1996)

1933- Montserrat Caballé -Spanish soprano and actress

1934- Heinz Schneiter -Swiss footballer and manager

1935- Jimmy Makulis -Greek singer (d. 2007)

1935- Wendy Savage -English gynaecologist and activist

1936- Charles Napier (actor)|Charles Napier -American actor (d. 2011)

1937- Dennis Banks -American author and activist

1937- Igor Volk -Ukrainian-Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut

1939- Alan Ayckbourn -English director and playwright

1939- Johnny Raper -Australian rugby player and coach

1940- Bashir Ahmad (singer)|Bashir Ahmad -Indian-Bangladeshi singer (d. 2014)

1940- John Hagee -American pastor

1940- Herbie Hancock -American pianist, composer, and bandleader (Miles Davis Quintet)

1941- Bobby Moore -English footballer and manager (d. 1993)

1942- Frank Bank -American actor (d. 2013)

1942- Bill Bryden -Scottish actor, director, and screenwriter

1942- Carlos Reutemann -Argentinian race car driver and politician, Governor of Santa Fe

1942- Jacob Zuma -South African politician, 4th President of South Africa

1944- Georgios Balanos -Greek author

1944- Lisa Jardine -English historian, author, and academic

1944- John Kay (musician)|John Kay -German-Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Sparrows (band)|The Sparrows and Steppenwolf (band)|Steppenwolf)

1945- Lee Jong-wook -South Korean physician (d. 2006)

1946- Ed O'Neill -American actor

1946- George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen -Scottish politician and diplomat, 10th Secretary General of NATO

1947- Roy M. Anderson -English epidemiologist, zoologist, and academic

1947- Alex Briley -American singer (Village People)

1947- Tom Clancy -American author (d. 2013)

1947- Woody Johnson -American businessman and philanthropist

1947- Dan Lauria -American actor

1947- David Letterman -American comedian and talk show host

1947- Wayne Northrop -American actor

1948- Jeremy Beadle -English television host and producer (d. 2008)

1948- Don Fernando -American porn actor and director

1948- Joschka Fischer -German politician, Vice Chancellor of Germany

1948- Marcello Lippi -Italian footballer, manager, and coach

1948- Lois Reeves -American singer (Martha and the Vandellas)

1949- Scott Turow -American lawyer and author

1950- Flavio Briatore -Italian businessman

1950- David Cassidy -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1950- Nick Sackman -English composer

1951- Tom Noonan -American actor, director, and screenwriter

1952- Reuben Gant -American football player

1952- Gary Soto -American author and poet

1952- Ralph Wiley -American journalist (d. 2004)

1953- Tanino Liberatore -Italian comics author and illustrator

1954- John Faulkner -Australian politician, 52nd Minister of Defence (Australia)|Minister of Defence for Australia

1954- Jon Krakauer -American author

1954- Pat Travers -Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1955- Fabian Hamilton -English politician

1956- Andy García -Cuban-American actor

1956- Herbert Grönemeyer -German singer-songwriter and actor

1957- Greg Child -Australian mountaineer and author

1957- Vince Gill -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Pure Prairie League and The Notorious Cherry Bombs)

1958- J. Alexander (model)|J. Alexander -American-French model

1958- Will Sergeant -English guitarist (Echo & the Bunnymen and Electrafixion)

1959- Howard Stableford -English radio and television host

1959- Tracy Tormé -American screenwriter and producer

1960- Ron MacLean -Canadian sportscaster

1961- Enedina Arellano Félix -Mexican drug lord

1961- Corrado Fabi -Italian race car driver

1961- Lisa Gerrard -Australian singer-songwriter (Dead Can Dance)

1961- Charles Mann (American football)|Charles Mann -American football player

1961- Magda Szubanski -English-Australian actress

1962- Art Alexakis -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (Everclear (band)|Everclear, Colorfinger, and The Easy Hoes)

1962- Carlos Sainz -Spanish race car driver

1962- Nobuhiko Takada -Japanese mixed martial artist and wrestler

1963- Lydia Cacho -Mexican journalist

1964- Amy Ray -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Indigo Girls)

1964- Mark Simmonds -English politician

1965- Kim Bodnia -Danish actor

1965- Tom O'Brien (actor)|Tom O'Brien -American actor and producer

1965- Chi Onwurah -English politician

1965- Mihai Stoica -Romanian footballer and manager

1967- Sarah Cracknell -English singer-songwriter (Saint Etienne (band)|Saint Etienne)

1967- Mellow Man Ace -Cuban-American rapper (Cypress Hill)

1968- Alicia Coppola -American actress

1968- Toby Gad -German-American songwriter and producer

1968- Adam Graves -Canadian ice hockey player

1969- Jörn Lenz -German footballer and manager

1969- Lucas Radebe -South African footballer

1970- Sylvain Bouchard -Canadian speed skater

1971- Nicholas Brendon -American actor

1971- Shannen Doherty -American actress, director, and producer

1971- Eyal Golan -Israeli singer

1971- Nick Hexum -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (311 (band)|311)

1972- Şebnem Ferah -Turkish singer-songwriter and guitarist

1972- Dimitrios Kokotis -Greek high jumper

1972- Paul Lo Duca -American baseball player

1973- J. Scott Campbell -American author and illustrator

1973- Claudia Jordan -American model and actress

1973- Ryan Kisor -American trumpet player and composer

1973- Christina Moore -American actress

1973- Antonio Osuna -Mexican-American baseball player

1974- Sylvinho -Brazilian footballer and manager

1974- Belinda Emmett -Australian actress and singer (d. 2006)

1974- Roman Hamrlík -Czech ice hockey player

1974- Marley Shelton -American actress

1976- Brad Miller (basketball)|Brad Miller -American basketball player

1977- Giovanny Espinoza -Ecuadorian footballer

1977- Sarah Jane Morris (actress)|Sarah Jane Morris -American actress

1977- Jason Price -Welsh footballer

1977- Glenn Rogers -Australian-Scottish cricketer

1977- Jordana Spiro -American actress

1978- Guy Berryman -Scottish bass player and producer (Coldplay and Apparatjik)

1978- Cheeming Boey -Singaporean-Malaysian illustrator

1978- Scott Crary -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1978- Riley Smith -American actor and singer

1978- Robin Walker -English politician

1979- Claire Danes -American actress

1979- Jordan De Jong -American baseball player

1979- Elena Grosheva -Russian gymnast

1979- Mateja Kežman -Serbian footballer

1979- Jennifer Morrison -American actress and producer

1979- Paul Nicholls (actor)|Paul Nicholls -English actor

1979- Cristian Ranalli -Italian footballer

1980- Argo Aadli -Estonian actor

1980- Brian McFadden -Irish singer-songwriter (Westlife)

1980- Erik Mongrain -Canadian guitarist and composer

1981- Nicolás Burdisso -Argentinian footballer

1981- Grant Holt -English footballer

1981- Brian Vandborg -Danish cyclist

1982- Deen (singer)|Deen -Bosnian singer

1982- Easton Corbin -American singer-songwriter

1983- Jelena Dokic -Serbian-Australian tennis player

1983- Genta Ismajli -Kosovan-Albanian singer-songwriter and actress

1983- Dwayne Smith -Barbadian cricketer

1985- James Alexandrou -English actor

1985- Brennan Boesch -American baseball player

1985- Jeísa Chiminazzo -Brazilian model

1985- Ted Ginn, Jr. -American football player

1985- Anna-Katharina Samsel -German actress

1985- Olga Seryabkina -Russian singer-songwriter (Serebro)

1985- Hitomi Yoshizawa -Japanese singer (Morning Musume, Dream Morning Musume, and Hangry & Angry)

1986- Lorena (singer)|Lorena -Spanish singer

1986- Blerim Džemaili -Swiss footballer

1986- Marcel Granollers -Spanish tennis player

1986- Athena Lundberg -American model

1987- Brooklyn Decker -American model and actress

1987- Shawn Gore -Canadian football player

1987- Brendon Urie -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Panic! at the Disco)

1988- Ricardo Gabriel Álvarez -Argentinian footballer

1988- Stephen Brogan -English footballer

1988- Amedeo Calliari -Italian footballer

1988- Jessie James -American singer-songwriter

1988- April Rose Pengilly -Australian model and actress

1989- T. Mills -American rapper

1989- Miguel Ángel Ponce -American-Mexican footballer

1989- Dominic Roco -Filipino actor

1989- Felix Roco -Filipino actor

1989- Kaitlyn Weaver -Canadian-American ice dancer

1990- Francesca Halsall -English swimmer

1991- Torey Krug -American ice hockey player

1991- Oliver Norwood -Irish footballer

1991- Magnus Pääjärvi -Swedish ice hockey player

1991- Jazz Richards -Welsh footballer

1992- Giorgio Cantarini -Italian actor

1993- Jordan Archer -English-born, Scottish footballer

1993- Dorial Green-Beckham -American football player

1993- Ryan Nugent-Hopkins -Canadian ice hockey player

1993- Katelyn Pippy -American actress

1994- Isabelle Drummond -Brazilian actress

1994- Saoirse Ronan -American-Irish actress

1994- Airi Suzuki -Japanese actress and singer (Aa!, Cute (Japanese band)|Cute, and Buono!)

1996- Elizaveta Kulichkova -Russian tennis player

1997- Katelyn Ohashi -American gymnast

1999- Akai Osei -English dancer

2000- Suzanna von Nathusius -Polish actress

History of Deaths


45 BC- Gnaeus Pompeius -Roman general and politician (b. 75 BC)

238- Gordian I -Roman emperor (b. 159)

238- Gordian II -Roman emperor (b. 192)

1125- Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia -(b. 1065)

1443- Henry Chichele -English archbishop (b. 1364)

1550- Claude, Duke of Guise -(b. 1496)

1555- Joanna of Castile -(b. 1479)

1675- Richard Bennett (Governor)|Richard Bennett -English politician, List of colonial governors of Virginia|Governor of Virginia (b. 1609)

1684- Nicola Amati -Italian instrument maker (b. 1596)

1687- Ambrose Dixon -English-American soldier (b. 1619)

1704- Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet -French bishop (b. 1627)

1748- William Kent -English architect, designed Holkham Hall and Chiswick House (b. 1685)

1782- Metastasio -Italian poet (b. 1698)

1788- Carlo Antonio Campioni -French composer (b. 1719)

1795- Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée -Bavarian general (b. 1710)

1814- Charles Burney -English historian (b. 1726)

1817- Charles Messier -French astronomer (b. 1730)

1850- Adoniram Judson -American missionary (b. 1788)

1866- Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood -English politician, founded Fleetwood (b. 1801)

1872- Nikolaos Mantzaros -Greek composer (b. 1795)

1878- William M. Tweed -American politician (b. 1823)

1898- Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau -Canadian cardinal (b. 1820)

1902- Marie Alfred Cornu -French physicist (b. 1842)

1906- Mahesh Chandra Nyayratna Bhattacharyya -Indian scholar, academic, and philanthropist (b. 1836)

1912- Clara Barton -American nurse and humanitarian, founded the American Red Cross (b. 1821)

1933- Adelbert Ames -American general and politician, 30th Governor of Mississippi (b. 1835)

1938- Feodor Chaliapin -Russian opera singer (b. 1873)

1943- Viktor Puskar -Estonian colonel (b. 1889)

1945- Franklin D. Roosevelt -American lawyer and politician, 32nd President of the United States (b. 1882)

1953- Lionel Logue -Australian actor and therapist (b. 1880)

1962- Ron Flockhart (auto racing)|Ron Flockhart -Scottish race car driver (b. 1923)

1968- Heinrich Nordhoff -German engineer (b. 1899)

1971- Wynton Kelly -American pianist (b. 1931)

1971- Ed Lafitte -American baseball player (b. 1871)

1973- Arthur Freed -American songwriter and producer (b. 1894)

1975- Josephine Baker -American-French actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1906)

1977- Philip K. Wrigley -American businessman, co-founded Lincoln Park Gun Club (b. 1894)

1980- Clark McConachy -New Zealand snooker player (b. 1895)

1980- William R. Tolbert, Jr. -Liberian politician, 20th President of Liberia (b. 1913)

1981- Prince Yasuhiko Asaka -of Japan (b. 1887)

1981- Joe Louis -American boxer (b. 1914)

1983- Carl Morton -American baseball player (b. 1944)

1984- Edwin T. Layton -American admiral (b. 1903)

1986- Valentin Kataev -Russian author and playwright (b. 1897)

1987- Mike Von Erich -American wrestler (b. 1964)

1988- Colette Deréal -French actress and singer (b. 1927)

1988- Alan Paton -South African author (b. 1903)

1989- Gerald Flood -English actor (b. 1927)

1989- Abbie Hoffman -American activist, co-founded Youth International Party (b. 1936)

1989- Sugar Ray Robinson -American boxer (b. 1921)

1997- George Wald -American neurologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)

1998- Robert Ford (poet)|Robert Ford -Canadian poet and diplomat (b. 1915)

1999- Marion Albert Pruett -American spree killer (b. 1949)

1999- Boxcar Willie -American singer-songwriter (b. 1931)

2001- Harvey Ball -American illustrator, created the smiley (b. 1921)

2002- George Shevelov -Ukrainian-American linguist and philologist (b. 1908)

2003- Sydney Lassick -American actor (b. 1922)

2004- Moran Campbell -Canadian physician and academic, invented the venturi mask (b. 1925)

2005- Ehud Manor -Israeli songwriter (b. 1941)

2006- Rajkumar (actor)|Rajkumar -Indian actor and singer (b. 1929)

2006- William Sloane Coffin -American clergyman and activist (b. 1924)

2006- Puggy Pearson -American poker player (b. 1929)

2007- Kevin Crease -Australian journalist (b. 1936)

2008- Cecilia Colledge -English figure skater (b. 1920)

2008- Patrick Hillery -Irish politician, 6th President of Ireland (b. 1923)

2008- Jerry Zucker (businessman)|Jerry Zucker -Israeli-American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1949)

2009- Marilyn Chambers -American porn actress and model (b. 1952)

2010- Palito -Filipino actor (b. 1934)

2010- Michel Chartrand -Canadian union leader (b. 1916)

2010- Werner Schroeter -German director and screenwriter (b. 1945)

2011- Karim Fakhrawi -Bahraini journalist, co-founded ''Al-Wasat (Bahraini newspaper)|Al-Wasat'' (b. 1962)

2012- Elly Deliou -Greek musician (b. 1936)

2012- Masakre -Mexican wrestler (b. 1954)

2012- Mohit Chattopadhyay -Indian poet and playwright (b. 1934)

2012- Linda Cook (U.S. actress)|Linda Cook -American actress (b. 1948)

2012- Rodgers Grant -American pianist and composer (b. 1935)

2012- Amy Tryon -American horse rider (b. 1970)

2013- Robert Byrne (chess player)|Robert Byrne -American chess player and author (b. 1928)

2013- Johnny DuPlooy -South African boxer (b. 1964)

2013- Michael France -American screenwriter (b. 1962)

2013- Brennan Manning -American priest and author (b. 1934)

2013- Annamária Szalai -Hungarian journalist and politician (b. 1961)

2013- William Y. Thompson -American historian and author (b. 1922)

2013- Ya'akov Yosef -Israeli rabbi and politician (b. 1946)

2014- Pierre Autin-Grenier -French author (b. 1947)

2014- Fred Ho -American saxophonist and composer (b. 1957)

2014- Brita Koivunen -Finnish singer (b. 1931)

2014- Pierre-Henri Menthéour -French cyclist (b. 1960)

2014- Maurício Alves Peruchi -Brazilian footballer (b. 1990)

2014- Hal Smith (catcher)|Hal Smith -American baseball player and coach (b. 1931)

2014- Billy Standridge -American race car driver (b. 1953)